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20 THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : SVN1 > AY , Al'HIL 'J , 1800.
Tun OMAILV SUNDAY 13B& R IIOSHWATKR. Kilitor. I'UHMSIIKD UVKHY MORNINU. THUMB OK StTItSCRUTION. J > ally Jleo ( without Sunday ) , One Year..J6.W Imlly HCK nnil Sunday , Ono Year . i.iw Hx Months . 4.W 'I broil Months . * .W ) Hnnday Dei1 , One Year . . . . . Z.M ) Hntimuiy lice , One Yi'iir . . l.W \\evkly Hec , One Year . t * OfVlCKS. omahns The Hue HulldltiK. South Omiihn : City Hall building , Twenty- llftli anil N fltroelH. ' . .mull lllnrrs : 10 Ponrl Street. rniciiKo : Stock Kxclmnge HulldltiR. Nf-wiurk : Tetnplu Court. WashlnKton : fiOl Fourteenth Street. COmiKSl'ONUHNCU. Communication * relating to news nnd edl- 1-iriul matter should ho addressed : Ldl- t'.rlnl Deportment , The omalui lice. IJUS1NF.S3 LBTTHUS. Huslnrss letters and r mtltnnpi' "hoiild lie ti to The Ilee Publishing Company , ( nnaha , IIEMITTANCHS. llfinlt by draft. express of postal order I'uyiiulo to The lice Publishing Company. i ny 2-cent stamps accepted in puymuiil ot ? n.ill accounts. Personal rhprk'i except on I'inafon ' or eastern exrlmnKc , not arcepted. Till : UK 13 rUlILISIIlNUCOMl'ANY. . of Ncbratkn , Douirlns County , ss : ili-orge I ! . Tzschuc'k , secretary of The lire Publishing company , being duly sworn , says Unit the acutal number of full and i-omplete copies of The Dally. Morning , KvMiliift and Humlny lleo , prlntvd during thu month of March , ISai ) , was as follows ; 17 . UI.OKO 2 . 1:1.100 is . ariir : 3 . JJI.IKIO 19 . ui.r.Tr. 1 . 1I-IO ! 20 . sirto : 5 . 2ir.r 0 21 . un.ooo r , . ui.sir. 7 . u it : : : ( > 23 . lil.n.St ) N . i ! 1,1)110 ) 2.1 . 1W.I-IU jn . 1:1,1 to 28 . U.VIIOT 31 . ui.rno 27 . Bll ) 0 32 . 111,510 2S . IM.ttllO 2U . UI.HIO 31 20 . 1SI.IISO 33 31 . Bl.titO 30 'JI.SUO Total 77asw : Lfss unsold and returned eopkv. . . . itHIS ) Not total sales 7 Ii ! . llH ) Net dally average IMilot : OKOHO12 II. T/SC.IIUCK. Subscribed and sworn to before mo this Jst day ot April , 1S99. ( Seal. ) IT. I. PLUMH , N'llury ' Public In and for Douglas County , Neb. If any of tliosp countorl'olt $100 Mils him' found their way Into this part of the country the holders are mighty quiet about it. Strauu'e , Is it not , that I'eiins.vlvanlaiis do not seem to ho go ! UK into raptures over the prospect of an extra session of the legislature just adjourned. The adjutant general of Nebraska is advertising for proposals for printing his ollk'lal report for the years 1SD7 and 1SS. ! ) What lias becomeof the state printing boardV The last trial of Arpibrlght for niur- tler resulted In a sentence of only eighty- nine years longer than the lirsl one. If ho gels another trial It is feared ho might bo sent up for life. The experiment by which two f'lil- cage men fought a fatal duel with pitchforks might bo of value to Kuro- pean duelists who so seldom manage to reach results with swords and pistols. The man who carried aloft the T'.rynn banner In the Chicago convention has ill last been rewarded with appointment to an olllce by the popocratlc governor of Nebraska.Vlio \ says republics are ungrateful ? One of the big trusts buying up plants In the Iron Industry has discovered that nn excessive valuation Is being put on the properties. When it comes to watering stock the trust desires to have u monopoly. One Spanish garrison has been located that docs not know the war with the T'nltetl States is ended. Hut then there are doubtless thousands of people In Spain who do not know there ever was .such a war. According to the best estimates fully 1,000,000 workers have been granted an Increase of wages since the first of the year. That makes at least 1,000,000 men who cannot be convinced by the calamityltes that there Is no prosperity in the land under republican rule. Notwithstanding changes In the ap pointive unices , the populist state coin- mltteo will continue to maintain Its headquarters at the state house in Lin coln. The chairmanship of the populist ttnlo committee and the. state oil In spectorship have come to be Inter changeable terms. Kvidence so far in the Investigation of New York C'ity affairs shows that your 1'nelo Dick Oroker docs not gel left very often. Though the stockholders of the guaranty bond company which bonds city employes are still walling for a dividend , Croker's stock produced it revenue just the bauiu. Funds must be running low in the exchequer or the Filipino Junta In Kn- rope If any of them are , as reported , in favor of giving up the struggle against the United States. As long as there wore anything In It they would not think of giving up a soft berth like a vacation In Knropo on full pay. Reports Unit German war ships are under orders to proceed to Samoa do not disturb the authorities at Washing ton for two good ami Mitliclent reasons. 1'Mrst , no trouble , HO far as Cermany Is concerned , Is liable to occur ; and , sec ondly , the American and Kngllsh force at that point.Is amply able to cope with the situation. .lingoes In all three coun tries may talk , but neither of the three governments will Invite a war over so trilling u prize. Consuls of the United States In for eign countries , particularly those of South America , report that American manufacturers tire not securing the amount of trade which they could If the proper efforts were made. The trouble at present is Unit under Im proved domestic conditions the manu facturers in intiny lines are having all .they can do to supply the homo demand nnd have but a limited , If any surplus , to sell abroad. The United States Is the best market In the world , and protec tion has placed a tlrst lieu cm it fur our Tin : M.ixi.Mt'M Miu\ni ; \ : n Among the latest batch of derisions liamlcd down by the ( 'tilted States su preme court that declaring unconstitu tional the Michigan law fixing a maxi mum charge of . < ' . ' ( } for ( .ooo-mlle tickets for use between points Within the state deserves more than passing notice. Hy tills decision , which Is simply a wider application of Die ruling made In the Ne braska maximum freight rate cases , the power of the state to regulate charges of railway companies , once expressly atllrmed by the court , Is followed out to the point where It can exert no pres sure whatever for the benefit of the rail- road-patronizing public. While the court might. In view of other recent cases , be expected to assert that the constitution prohibits the state leg islatures from depriving the railroads of their property without due process of law by fixing arbitrary rates Irrespec tive of their reasonableness , to sny that ' _ ' cents a mile Is an unreasonably low limit when It has been llxed voluntarily by the roads In so many states of the union would be challenging common in telligence. To avoid this untenable se quence , the court In the Michigan mile age case lays down an additional test by declaring Unit the legislature no more than the railroad can legally establish a discriminating charge between differ ent classes of railway patrons and ithat the compulsory sale of 1,000-ndlo tickets at the rate of U cents a mile would con stitute an unjust discrimination In favor of those able to buy their railway tick ets at wholesale ami against those who must pay as they go at a higher rate. While In this particular Instance the charter under which the railroad was operating allowed It to exact I ! cents a mile from passengers , the court enunci ates It as a broad principle that a leg islature cannot compel a. railroad com pany to carry particular persons at a rate materially loss than it is entitled to charge other persons. It holds further that Hie legislature can lix only reason able rates and not arbitrary ones , thus Intimating that the --cent rate would be arbitrary. Although if is given out at Washing ton that tills decision "does not affect the right of the legislature to llx niaxlimmi rates on freight and passengers , but on the contrary strengthens that right by forbidding legislatures as well as rail roads to make discriminations , " just how this conclusion Is reached Is as dilll- cult to sco as is tlie logic which makes a discrimination out of the sale of 1,000- mile tickets at rates loss than exacted for single trips. The same reasoning would make an illegal discrimination out of every sale of an excursion ticket or a round-trip ticket at rates less than the regular mileage charge. Unt if a cheap mileage ticket consti tutes an Illegal discrimination , what about the half-fares granted clergymen and other semi-charitable claimants ami what about the free passes sprinkled nt wholesale among otllclals , legislators , politicians and lobbyists ? If cheap mile age tickets that enable those who can pay in advance to buy at wholesale prices is a discrimination that compels the railroads to keep charges up on cur rent travel and enables the rich to ride at tile expense of the poor , what can bo said of the free pass that carries the favored few for nothing ? If the poor man who pays full faro would have to make up the difference for the man who rides on a cheaper rate mileage ticket , must ho not pay the entire expense of carrying the brood of parasites who work the railroads for free transporta tion ? As a matter of fact , the mileage book- Is no more discrimination than Is the classification of freight or the distinc tion made between carload and less- than-carload lots , both of which have been recognized time and again by both courts and legislatures. The trend of recent judicial Interpretation , however , has boon in the direction of nullifying the power of the state to regulate rail road charges by legislation and the ex tinguishment of the Michigan maximum mileage law is simply another link In the chain that Is transferring the power to regulate rates from the legislature to the federal courts. .uv LMi'ouTiv srottr. It appears that the relation by Cap- < aln Coglilan of the cruiser Halelgh , at the banquet to himself and ollicers In New York , of the Incident at Manila when Admiral Dewey warned the Uer- man admiral that the blockade must bo respected , is regarded in Washington as being Impolitic and it Is possible that the captain will receive some sort of rebuke. The ( icrman ambassador has called the attention of Scert'tary of State Hay to the statement of the Raleigh's commander and while there was noth ing In the nature of a protest made , the visit of the ambassador to the secretary of state was a very plain intimation that he desired some action bo taken In the matter. It was umpiestlgnably the duty of the ambassador to take notice of the matter and it would seem to bo Incumbent upon the secretary of the navy to at least notify Captain Coglilan that his story Is regarded by the department as a breach of propriety. It has been well understood that Ad miral Dewey found It necessary to "call down" Admiral von Diedriehs , since re moved from command , but the details of the Incident appear now for the first time and from a source that will bo ac cepted as absolutely authentic. It Is shown from the statement of the Ha- lelgh's commander that the conduct of the Orman admiral had become Intolerably erably offensive and there can be no rea sonable doubt that he was in sympathy with the Spaniards and disposed to make matters as disagreeable as possi ble for the American commander. A less careful and patient man than Dewey perhaps would not have tolerated the of fensive conduct as long as ho did , line when ho had decided to speak the Ger man admiral heard from him in no un certain terms , lie wa.s told , according -Captain Coglilan , that any further Infraction of a rule of the blockade would moan war nnd that If war was desired It could bo had at any time. This was not quite diplomatic , but It seems lo have been abundantly Justified by the circumstances. At all events it had the desired effect and shortly afterwards Von Dledrlchs paid the penalty < -f his mistake In the loss of his command. It Is easy to understand German ills- pleasure at the relation of this Incident by a naval olllcer who witnessed It , but It Involves no reflection upon the GIT man nation and should not be allowed to disturb good feeling. The Chicago Tribune recalls In con nection with the present Samoan troll- blew ex-Secretary Gresham's not only Interesting but prophetic comment upon the Herlln act of 1SS ! ) "for the neutrality and autonomous government of the Samoan Islands" through a tripartite foreign government over the natives. Mr. Gresham , we are told. then declared we had gained nothing "beyond the expenses , the responsibili ties and the entanglements that have HO far been the only fruits of our relations with Samoa. " lie claimed that the act of Herlln , "besides involving us In an entangling alliance , had utterly failed to correct , If , Indeed , It had not aggravated , the evils It was designed to prevent. " In saying that these utterances of nearly a decade ago have been strangely fulfilled the Tribune Is eminently correct. Hut more strange , It goes farther and admits that "It has become more than ever apparent that the triple control In Samoa Is cumbrous , Ineffectual and productive of international dangers out of all proportion to the value of the paltry group of Islands in question. The t'nlted States should elze the earliest opportunity to withdraw from this anomalous and impractical arrange ment. The coaling station at 1'ago Page harbor is the only interest this nation lias In Samoa , and the sooner it dis encumbers itself of the Herlln compact the wiser It will be. " The strange part of the whole thing is the fact that people and papers which like the Tribune have been shouting for the extreme of annexation In the Philip pines with or without the consent of the natives are ready to concede that our experiment In Samoa has been a failure and lo advise complete with drawal from the Herlin compact , saving only the coaling station necessary as a naval adjunct. If a coaling station in Samoa Is the only interest this nation has In those islands , it Is dltllcnlt to see why one or more coaling stations in the Philippines would not subserve all our interests there , especially if supported by a friendly independent government outside. The late Secretary Gresham foresaw clearly the dilileulties that were sure to beset onr path if we persisted In assert ing sovereign powers In remote Islands of the Paclllc , and were he alive today he would certainly be adding his warn ing against the dreams of colonial em pire in the far cast. A PIIACTICAL PHUIiLKM. The question of the future of Cuba Is very largely u practical question. It relates to industrial restoration , to ma terial development , to public Improve ments * to the institution of sanitary regulations , to the establishment of the conditions that make for the upbuild ing of the country and the prosperity of its people. The purpose of the rnited States in the island is that or reconstruction on practical lines and good progress must be made in this di rection before an independent govern ment can bo established with any rea sonable hope of its being stable. A good deal of honest and intelligent work , as Mr. Robert I' . 1'orter points out , has already been done by the United States for Cuba , but there still remains a great deal of work to do. The pro gram mapped out , lie says , is a long and expensive one and more money than Is at present In sight will bo re quired to carry It through. The build ing of public roads , the establishment of public schools , the Inauguration of sanitary work , are some of the tilings which this government , acting in con junction with the Cuban people , must do , and lie correctly urges that to bo successful this work should be begun hi the right way from the foundation uj ) , or It will become topheavy and the second condition of the Cuban people will bo worse and more helpless than the lirst. "The population , " says Mr. 1'orter , who has made a pretty thorough study of conditions In Cuba , "must beget got to work again In its strong indus tries and the Holds must be made to yield In abundance before enterprises , of which so much is heard , and the success of which depends so largely upon the prosperity of the people , can be made to pay. Sugar , tobacco , min ing , agriculture , timber , fruit produc tion and miscellaneous Industries are the true sources of Cuban wealth. Tin ? Industrial and commercial future of Cuba depends upon how thoroughly and how persistently these Industries are worked and not upon distribution of for eign capital In enterprises which , in the end , must bo fed by the wealth coming from the soil. " The basic Industries of the island must bo vigorously worked and unless this Is done Mr. I'orler sees only trouble and disaster ahead. In order to do this there must lie more labor provided and whore tills is to come from IB a puz/.liug question. Vet if adequate Inducement is offered the labor needed can doubtless bo had. Why may not Cuba draw labor from the colored population of the south , If sulll- clent encouragement were given It to go there ? The supply Is certainly abundant. Mr. I'orter flutes that the experience heretofore with negro labor has not been satisfactory , but ho sug gests that under a better system of gov ernment It may be different. The practical view of the situation presented by Mr. Porter Is sound , but an obstacle to the vigorous prosecu tion of the work to be done Is pretty sure to bo found In political agitation which \\-lll prevent that general co operation of the people with our gov ernment , In the task of reconstruction , which Is essential. The more Inlliien- tltil Cuban leaders are at present more concerned about the political than the Industrial and commercial future or Cuba and so long as this Is the case the practical work of reconstruction will bo embarrassed and retarded. It is tou much to expect , however , thut the men who aspire fo plan * ami power can be made to see the mistake , at tills time , of political agitation. run si'KAH The retirement from congress of Mr. Heed will precipitate a most Interesting contest for the speakership of the next house ot representatives. Already there are half a dozen avowed candidates and It Is to be expected that more will be announced In due time. Perhaps before the meeting of the next congress In De cember If an extra session Is not called the number of candidates will be re duced to two or three , for the claims and qualifications of the several aspi rants will In the meanwhile be pretty thoroughly discussed , lint In any event a contest that will be of great Interest to the republican parly is assured. The olllce of speaker of the house , of which Mr. Itced has said. It "has lint one superior and no peer , " Is worthy the ambition of any man. In authority and Influence It Is second only to the presidential olliee and in respect to leg islation It may he said that ( lie speaker Is more of a power than the executive , illustrations of which could be cited from very recent history. The speaker appoints the house committees , he to a large extent controls the patronage of the body and as chairman of the com mittee on rules he may dictate the course of legislation. No such preroga tives belong to the president of the senate and Indeed the presiding olllcer of no other legislative body In the world possesses so great powers as the speaker of the house of representatives of the t'nlted States. The speaker of the Hrltlsli House of Commons is by comparison a mere figurehead and this Is also true of the corresponding ollicers in other European parliaments. The position has been occupied by some of the most distinguished statesmen In our history. Henry Clay was speaker in six congresses ; .lames G. Hlalne was three times elected to the position , which he HHed with notable distinction as a parliamentarian ; Samuel .1. Han- dall was speaker In three congresses ami ' , Iohn ( ! . Carlisle In four , each mak ing a splendid record ; Thomas H. Hoed was three times speaker and his un surpassed record as a parliamentarian Is familiar to the country. He revolu tionized the old parliamentary-practice in Important respects , with the result of making the house the best working legislative body In the world. The duties of the speakorship are arduous and to achieve success in It a man must not only he thoroughly versed in parliamentary law and usage , but he must have clear and quick judgment , firmness and the qualifications for leadership. Mr. Heed possesses all these in a lire-eminent degree. Who among the avowed aspirants for the succession measures fully up to the required .stand ard of qualifications set by him ? English manufacturers , particularly those engaged in the Iron industry , have discovered a ray of hope , al though of late they have taken a gloomy view of the future on account of American , competition , which they seemed unab'le to moot either In price or time of delivery of work. Their pres ent hope does not consist In ability to meet the prices of American firms , but in the fact that the unprecedented demand mand for home consumption in the United States is keeping American mills HO well employed that they are thought not likely to seek many foreign orders. Tills Is a slim rope on which to hang. With a surplus of money In the United States American manufacturers are not likely to allow profitable busi ness to go begging any great length of. time. Protection and prosperity have opened the door of industrial suprem acy to the manufacturers of this coun try and the American manufacturer can be depended on to not only hold the ad vantage gained but to Increase it. The State Hanking board's report shows the state banks of Nebraska are in a most healthy condition with plenty of money to supply demands. Evi dences of this are found in the largo Increase of deposits as compared with the previous year and the inslgnlilcant amount of rediscounts reported. When the demand for money in the smaller ( owns is excessive , country banks are compelled to rediscount their paper to secure money Jo supply the demand. A few years ago there were single banks in the state reporting a larger redis count ( than the present aggregate of all of them $ ( ii-llii.LM. ) ) Deposits in March , ISM , only lack a trifle of being double those of December , ISJKi. while loans and discounts have Increased a little loss than ? 1,000,000. Spaiilshbnrg , W. Va. , preachers are useful as well as ornamental. Ono of them acts as deputy shorHi"as a side line to help out a meager salary and seeing two men in the congregation for whom he had a warrant he adjourned services long enough to arrest and hand cuff them and then proceeded with his sermon. The man who attempts to dis turb Unit preacher's services must bo possessed with nerve. Last week's clearing house report should be the last showing a decrease for Omaha as compared with last year. With the increased business now trans acted at the stock yards and the general - oral activity In all lines a substantial Increase In clearings would bo shown If the returns only showed the facts. Now that a number of the appoint ments have been llllcd by the governor the demand for reserved seats In the olllce ante-room should , be somewhat re lieved. The struggle for the few re maining places will lack nothing In In tensity , however , even if the number of combatants has been reduced. AV run u hi lii a Year , Jialtlinoro American. Havana , Manila nnil other cities In our now dependencies will have Spanltd con suls. Suanlsh Interests will still bo looked utter In the Islands , hut with what a differ ence ! llulr | ( IINIIK | | KvrnlH. ' Chicago Journal. Tradition and superstition are sometimes valuable allies when judiciously handled , as the quick-witted young ofllcer proved in Manila when bo stopped tbo looting ot rnlnrso residents by Iho simple method or catchltiR some ringleaders nnd cutting off their queues. I'ri'JllMll flllllllllllI'MM'lllOll , Washington Tost. ' 'A mnn cannot bo a political bigamist , " declared Mr. Drynn In one of his oratorical flights. Yet Mr. Hrynn tnnnaRed to wed him. self to thrco different nominations in 1S ! > 6. Urrnt Kluliti-ri * AH" ' ! ' . Washington Tost. Dewey says politics Is largely n matter of geography. H will be lecallrd that the Into Oeneral Hancock wns roundly berated for making a similar remark concerning the tariff. Klnil of IXpiiiiMliin , S'hlladelphlo. Ledger. Kngllsh Iron masters are letting Impor tant orders for locomotives and machinery como to the United States because their works nro so full of orders that they can not fill any more within a reasonable Unit- . American works are full of orders , too , but tho/'know how to extend their capacity and am not unwilling to do ll ; hence they are taking even Kngllsh trade nway from ttit > Kngllsh shops. I'lrc I.IINNCN In ( In- lulled SI at CM. Cleveland Leader. America has one undisputed leadership which ought to bo abdicated In some way. That Is In the destruction of property by fire. No country in Kurope pays any sucn bills , year after year , as this republic haste to foot on account of fires , most of wtilcn ought to bo avoided. The annual drain from this cause amounts to about 20 per cent of the expenses of the United States government , Including pensions , Interest on the public debt and the operation of the postolllco system. " \VIint Advertising Uuex. Philadelphia Hc-cord. Throw a stone Into a stream and the disturbance of the water will not cease un til the concentric circles which roll on from the point of the stone's Immersion bo stopped by the farthest shore. Adver tising stirs the tldo of business as reslst- lessly as the stone moves the surface of the water. Even If it miss the particular object of Its aim , like a poorly directed mlssllo thrown Into a stream , the advertis er's thought will run out through the great current of publicity with results as certain as the motion caused by a pebble tossed Into a brook. Trade ivllh Coiiiiufrcil iNliimlti. Spring-field Republican. Some Increase in the export trade of the United States to the Philippines and Cuba and Porto Hlco Is noted. This should naturally follow from the ending of the war and the resumption of more normal condi tions. The abolition of discriminating Spanish tariffs should also help trade. And the presence of considerable bodies of American troops in the Islands operates to Increase the market there for American commodities. So much of the Increase In our export trade as arises from tills latter fact Is obtained at the expense of the do- mcstlc demand. I'll t-rrf ill Cii in par I HO n M. New Knffland Magazine. All the constituents of a man weighing 150 pounds are contained In 1,200 ordinary eggs. There Is enough gas In a man to fill a gasometer of 3,049 cubic feet ; enough hy drogen to nil a balloon that would lift him self ; enough Iron to make seven tacks ; enough fat to make three to seven pounds of candles as well as a good cake of soap ; enough carbon to make slxty-flvu gross of lead pencils , and enough phosphorus to make S.OC4 boxes of matches. Six salt cellars full of salt , a good bowlful of sugar and a nlno and one-half gallon cask of water are other component parts. Our .McriMMiiiry Baltimore American. A minister In London has been preaching on the love of money In America and the marriages for money which take place here. Ho has not carefully investigated the frank and open title market In his own country or ho would not bo so virtuously Indignant over the American fondness for the al mighty dollar. There Is scarcely a broken- down noble house In Kngland which does not hope to redeem Us fortunes by mar riage with an American fortune. Perhaps the disposition lately evinced by American heiresses to keep their millions at homo has something to do with the outbreak of Hrttlsh wrath over our mercenary tenden cies. HOMANCHR ItlDPATII. HIM ContrlliiiUoii In ( he AliHiirilltlcN of ( lie Dollar Dinner. St. Louis Glolw-Democrat. 'Not ' all the follies and absurdities of the dollar faction Joffcrsonlan banquet In New York were uttered by William J. Urynn. John Clatk Hldpath contributed his full quota to tbo imbecilities of that gathering. Said Illdpath , It was a ntting thing that the author of the Declaration of Independence "should at last , In his democratic way , rldo up to the presidential mansion , like the plain man that he was , hitch his horse and make ready , without the presence of a cav alcade of venal olllco-seekers , to take the oath as chief cxccutlvo of a democratic na tion. " That horso-hltchlng story is a notion. It comes up every four years In the democratic press throughout the country , but not the smallest atom of truth was over In It. No mention of any such thing was made in any of the papers published at that time. On the contrary , the records of that day show that a widely different condition of things prevailed at the Jefforsonlan Inauguration from what Hldpath and the other democratic romancers talk about. The Aurora , which was one of the yellowest of the Jeffersonlan papers , said , In Its edition of March 11 , 1S01 , describing the Inauguration ceremonies , that "at an early hour on Wednesday , March , the city of Washington presented a spec tacle of uncommon animation ; " that "at 12 o'clock Thomas Jefferson , attended by a number of his fellow-citizens , among whom were many members of congress , repaired to the capital ; " that "ho entered the capltol under n discharge of artillery , " and that "as soon as ho withdrew a discharge of ar tillery was made. " The horso-hltching fake , which , of course , nidpath himself did not Invent , hut merely repeats , was a cheat In Its conception and a fraud In Us distribution , for many of those who have retailed It undoubtedly knew It was false. Kqually tricky Is IMdpath's sneer about the "venal olllce-seekers. " Jefferson , during his eight yearn of service , removed thirty-nine federal officials. All the other presidents along to Jackson Washington , John Adams , Madison , Monroe and John Qulncy Adams removed only thirty-five In the aggregate. Jefferson turned Roodrlch , " out of the ofllco of collector of New Haven ' and put Ilishop In. Roodrlch was capable 1 and had given satisfaction to the people of i his district. HIshop was 78 years of age I and Incapable. Jefferson put Ooadrlch'out ) because ho waii a federalist and put lilshop In because ho was a democrat. When the citizens of New Haven , democrats and feder alists alike , protested against this outrage Jefferson defended himself by asking : "If a duo participation of olllca Is a matter of right , how are vacancies to ho obtained ? These by death are lew , by resignation none. " The greater part of the assertions and deductions of the liryan-llldpath party Is a mlxturo of Ignoranca and mendacity. The Ignorance belongs to the Dryans and the mendacity to the Itldpaths. Hldpath probably know there was no truth In that 1 horse-hitching fable. Ho unquestionably' 1 knew the lioodnch-Dlshop affair and the rabid partisanship that H betrayed. I ] SKVl l.AH SHOTS AT Till ? I'l I.IMT , Somervlllo Journal : Some ministers don't practice all they preach , but the members of the choir have to practice all they sing. St. Paul 1'loncer Profs : Throe Colutnbui ( O. ) churches have made a rule thai women fhnll take off their hats during service. . The movement will probably fall through , as It deserves to do. The pnmo reasons for bared heads do not obtain In n church n * In a theater and women are perfectly Justified In refusing to uncover 'their ' heads In an edifice where they are supposed to appear In street rather thnn In gala costume. U would be n great Inconvenience to the women , unless the churches shall provide dressing rooms nnd waiting maids for the custody of the hats. Unltlmore American : A serious social con vulsion Mrs under the apparently Innocent question brought up by a Cotlmm church as to whether Us femlnlno members shall remove tholr hats. The question Is broached by the men exclusively and shows the proverbial masculine want of tact In being brought up Just before Master. The right and the wrong of 'tho ' matter maybe bo gravely debated , but It Is safe to predict that , whatever the decision , the hata and bonnets will stay on. The movement may or may not be a desirable reform , but had It been started toward the close of the sea son It would have some prospect of suc cess. Chicago Chronicle : In these days of pro gressive pulpit methods It Is not surprising to learn that a New York Methodist min ister named llaylls were the costume of a cowboy last Sunday while preaching nt the Dowery mission. Mr. Haylls' remarks to his audience , Judging from the published re ports , Kcem to have been about as sensa tional as his costume. These modern Inno vators have already Introduced packs of cards , sleight-of-hand performances nnd other realistic exhibitions Into the pulpit , and there Is no telling where they will stop. Perhaps with the aid of an assistant they will yet put on four-ounce gloves and engage In a realistic pantomimic represent ation of the new Imperialistic doctrine of pommeling religion Into reluctant converts. Ij AXI1 OTIIIJUWlSn. The chirping of robins Is a misleading harbinger ot spring. Walt till the lawn mower sings. Will 1) ) . Straight couldn't live up to his name. He is doing time In a Kansas jail for the crime of bigamy. Oddly enough most of New Jersey's public men arc bachelors. Among these nro Gov ernor Voorhces , United States Senator Kean , Speaker Watkins and State Comptroller Hancock. The report that Kdmond Hostand , author of Cyrano do Ucrgernc , is Insane. Is calcu lated to Inllato Chicago importance as a literary center. Mr. Gross remarks , " 1 told you so. " Ono division of the llrooklyn courts turned down a petition requesting the Judges to wear gowns. It was suggested that gowns would add to the dignity of the court , but the .court . replied that clothes do not confer dignity. Colonel Duncan N. Hood , commander of the Holguln district of Santiago province , ia the youngest olllcer ot his rank In the army and so far as possible selected young men as ollicers for his regiment. Ho Is a son of the confederate General Hood. M. M. Glllam , an eastern advertising ex pert , places the order ot Importance In newspapers as first the advertisements , sec ondly the news , and lastly the editorials. In the estimation of the business olllce , Mr. Glllam has a remarkably level head. Kansas papers are severely criticising the action of a Newton lawyer who obtained pos session of all tbo property of a woman whom ! io defended. The woman wns convicted , and the newspapers Insist that the lawyer should keep her company In the penitentiary. Down In Kansas City the authorities in sist on divorcing the hydrant from the milk can and have imposed liberal lines on deal ers who persist In clinging to the union. Since the townspeople embraced the notion of free baths they desire to restrict the use of water to the tub. Kishing , like adversity and politics , makes strange bedfellows. GroVer Cleveland and Mark Hanna arc , with a number of other well known men , members of a tarpon llsh- ng club which has just been organized In Texas by 15. H. K. Green ( son ot "Hetty" Green ) . The organization owns a $25,000 club house on 'Mustang ' Island , near Hock- port , Tex. Chicago has a largo assortment of hot things , but Chicago river has not been , hcro- ofore , included In the bunch. A raging nro in tbo bosom of that limpid stream , u cw days ago , proved Us combustibility and , ; reatly astonished the "town. As an adequate - quato nre risk cannot be obtained on It the town Is Eobcrly discussing ways and neans to render It nrcproof. The most feasible and profitable plan Is to compress t Into brick and use It for fuel. AS AVIS 1'A.SS HY. I'oili-xIrlniiH Ilnllcil liy the ArllMllr IHNpla.vN of Slimv Wlnilii\VM. Philadelphia Times. It Is In spring that the windows of the hops are particularly attractive. With the advent of the balmy days which woo the vorld to walk without doors , these window llsplays , by the appropriateness nnd variety if their exhibits , and the art of their nr- angcmcnt , challenge the pedestrian to pausu > eforo them. The alert man of business realizes the Im portant part the shop window plays In the lopularlzatlon of his store. Not only the nvposing array of windows encircling the ; paclous temples of commerce , but the Hlnnle ; lnss of the smaller establishments is utll- zed to advantage In impressing upon notice ho character , quality and variety of the vares obtainable within. Strolling along a itreet of shops the eye Is confronted with a lanornmlc display of picture : ) which bring joforo the vision all manner of articles of iccesslty and of luxury , seasonably se- octed and strikingly disposed. The decoration of the store window has amo to bo regarded as an essential feature at the business of the firm , and , In conso- nienco , there has sprung Into existence a ecognlzed occupation that of the window lecorator. Then ) are business linns that ngngo an export , who devotes himself cn- Iroly to arranging their window exhibitions , and his ability can bo quickly gauged by the art of eye and skill of hand evinced In the display that loolm out upon the oMowalk. So that , whether It bo an exhibit of Jewels or of millinery , stationery if fashionable tints , or books just Issued frcm the press , of parasols , neckties , hosiery , music , candy or flowers , the artist of the window strives per sistently for effective composition and har monization of colors as the artist of the Btudto does In the development of Ills academy painting , bringing Into play the full measure of his talent In the evolution of u picture which will make on Immediate appeal to the public eyt > ami Invite to an observation of the greater wealth of merchandise displayed within. IIHOW.V riM'.NTY'SIJV WOMAN. lliiutN HIT .Mule Oiioni.it | for a I'u- Illlrnl Olllce. Mlnnoaiiolla Times. The official career of Miss Kstello Mae DnvUson , the now prosecuting attorney of Drown county , Nebraska , will bo watchoJ closely both by those who believe In the "now woman" and these who deprecate. If 'MIt-K Imlsaou does battle with lawbreakers as valiantly and successfully as sbo has fought for her own rights she will bo a terror to evildoers In Ilrown county , an honor to the ballhvlck and a credit to her toIKr opposing candidate \\vft J. ( ' . Tol- liver , and tbo olllciul count last full euro him the rlcvtlon by one vole. Miss llnvl-son ton- clu.led . to see nlmiil that , so she contented I" " that there had been cleollon on the ground three Illegal votes cnsl-.wo of them by per- ROIIS who were not legal voters ot the county mind. and the third by n man of unsound The cnso was tried In the district court and . Miss Davljson'fl contention was susta ned. Uiiks. < i the case Is appealed and reversed the young lady will soon 'bo making crime odious In the good old county of Ilrown. The successful young woman Is said.to bo well equipped for the position. She Is n graduate of the law school of the Slate uni versity , and Is pronounced n good lawyer by her fellow barristers. If she Is competent , honest , industrious mid plucky and If she has received the necessary number of legal votes for th olllco , why shouldn't she be prosecuting at torney ? If Tolllver had to ring In two non residents and an Imbecllu to beat a woman ho would better < lrop the contest right whore It Is nnd let her have the place. The less ho says about It the heller his credit will be. Here's hoping Miss Davlsson will be such a terror to evildoers as Ilrown county never had In the prosecuting attorney's ollleo bo- fore. H Is common report that the cnnvnM she made and the contest she hns pushed to n successful conclusion were so plucklly conducted ns to stamp her a nghtlng lawyer In the best sense of the term , and If she lives up to her record , Ilrown county will possea * a prosecutor 'worth having. DOMKSTir IM.KASAXTUinH. Snmcrvlllo Journal : Waggles \Vhnt a pretty babv ! , Proud Mother Do you think PO ? Waggle-- Yes , and a perfect Imago of hlfl mother , too ! Detroit Jotirn.il : "A woman cries nt her wedding as If she had ln. t her best friend. " "Well , Mhe'H made a husband of him , and It comes to the same thing. " Chicago Uncord : "Consistency's n Jewel. " "That's ill' Hunt , but you ran't work U off on any girl Instead of n diamond ring. " Indianapolis Journal : "Shevnn deter mined tn bo married In her bicycle milt. "UVl'.V" "Wc-ll. Hut's why she never has been tnnrrlcd. " Chicago Tribune : Tilled Husband ( shrug ging hlfi sboulders ) You took me us 1 am , my dear. You'll have to put up with me. American Hclross I can put up with you canny enough , it's what 1 have to put up for you that hurts. Detroit Free Press : Lilian Marie , does your husband pot vexed If you Interrupt him when he's ta'klnu ? Marie No ; but he ( jets furious If I In terrupt him when bo's eating or sleeping. Washington Star : "Do you think he will propose1skeil her mother. " 11 ? will If I want him to , " answered the daughter , for the modern girl la usually quite conscious of her own power. Spmervlllo Journal : When a mnn has bought a lot of furniture on the Installment plan he bus the satisfaction of knowing that there N at .leant one man In th * world who Is deeply Interested In his welfare. Chicago Post : In the uncertain Unlit of evening ho contemplated hsr , bitterly. She was "Ittlng sllpiit , resting her dimpled chin upon her hands. "Yes , and then there's the matter of a new spring bonnet ! " she proceeded when her chin wan a bit rested. All the whllo ho had felt that the-end wa.s not ytt. I.MI'ATIKXT O.\i.S. ; An earnest little child wlthi eyes of lilue , IJrlght with impatience , opened wonder- Wlllp , Teasing he sought , as petted children do. Now coaxing , now Insisting not denied , "Your Qilrthd.iy Is tomorrow , dear , n short delay. " "Mother. I cannot wait. I want my loyi itoday. " A slender maiden , simply gowned In white , Ruthlessly plucked < thn Mowers near tha gate. Calm shone the moon , lovely the summer night , Impotuoii" was her voice. "I hate to wait. " "Forgive me , dear , " her tardy lover pried , "Forbear your anger and bccomo my bride. " An eager youth , seeking reward of fame. Poured out 4hc inmost treasures of Ills heart In vain attempt to trace , his humble name Upon fi corner of earth's mottled elmrt. Th- slow old world denied the high os- ta.tp ; nroken , ho foil. Alas , he could not wait. A yearning wife , yet to her country true , Sim saw her soldier husband sail away. God speed his ihp ! , safely to bring him through That waste of watirs to Manila's bay. The war's wild rumors came. What was bis fate ? nt'ona her cry. "Dear Lord , .how . can I wait ? " A mother wilts. De-atli's angel hovers near Above a vouch It bends , her only child. Clcspi-'It ' comes , dark falls the shadow drear Anon she plnuls , the whllo her heart beats iwlld , "Stay that dread hand. It cannot bn too latp. "Father above , In mercy bid him wait. " Far spent the day , the evening shadows long Across the highway fall dn wavering slant : Soft on the stilly nlr1 the lark's last p.all I5ld us gooil night , 'bu'oro ' tbo tlay Is spent. A careworn man. with slow , uneven gait Patiently plods ills way , content to wait ! AVby should we reach with over eager hand To gather lluwprs that nnipt soon dncay ? Or why again , rebellious , lake , our utand Airaln't the swelling tldo ttv cannot stay ? TInablp we to malto life's tangln straight One les'on only must WP learn lo wait KDITII DARLING OARLOCII. "Lady's Straw Hats. " Correct form in this class of headwear is a study in itself and we have been spending time and thought in this de partment "Those who know" the ladies that have made their selection of either a straw sailor , or walking hat here have oc casion to be happy for they are Just right" in every sense of the world new shapes , new braids and new prices 50c up to $3.00. A special invitation is extend ed to the ladies to pay our second end floor a visit and see the choice and exclusive assortment we are showing of ladies' straw hats.