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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 12, 1899, Image 6

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Tim OMAHA DAILY BEE.
13. UOSUWATIill , Editor.
PUBLISHED KVEHY MOUXINO.
TERMS OK SUBSCRIPTION.
Dally Hco ( without Sunday ) , One Year..JO 00
Dally uco and Sunday , One Tear 8.0) )
six Months 4.0) )
Three Month 2.0
Sunday act , One Year 2.00
Saturday nee , One Year 1.50
Weekly Bee , Ono Year 65
OFFICES ,
Omaha : The Bee Building.
South Omaha : City Hall Building , Twenty-
fifth ar.d N Streets.
Council Bluffs : 10 Pearl Street. ,
Chicago : stock Exchange Bulldlnc.
ew York : Temple Court.
Washington : 601 fourteenth Street
CORRESPONDENCE.
Communication * relating to news and
rrtltorlnl matter should bo addressed :
Editorial Department , The Omaha Bee.
BUSINESS LETTERS.
Buslnen * letters and remittances should
bo addressed to The Bee- Publishing Com
pany , Omaha.
REMITTANCES.
Tlpmlt by draft , express or postal order
payable to The B < o Publishing Company.
Only 2-ccrt stampntccepted In payment of
IN mall accounts. Personal checks , except on
Omnha or Kastern exchange , not accepted.
THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATISSIIi.Vr OP CIltCUIjATIO.V.
State of Nebraska , Douglas County , us. :
George B. Tzschuck , necrctary of The lice
Publishing company , being duly sworn , says
that the actual numlwar of full nnd complete
copies of The Dally , Morning , Evening and
Sunday Uce , printed during the month of
June 1803 , was an follows :
i IMIOO is 5:5,100
2 21,700 17 2sn o
3 i,170 ! IS S7MO
4 21,1)70 ) 19 iB,0" < >
5 2V-tO : M 2UOO
6 21,71)0 SI 2-lUIO
7 2.HiO : 22 25 l.t ( )
8 2.1,800 23 21,111)0
0 2I.1MO 21 25,200
10 20.2.-JI 25 27,080
11 2ltOB 2G 2.,170
12 2.-tOO : 27 25,220
13 2IH.-,0 28 25,100
14 25.150 29 2.1,240
15 21,000 30 2.1,070
Total .7.18,152(1 (
Less unsold nnd returned copies. . . . ioMS
Net total sales .7-18,178
Net dally average 2-i , : io
GEO. U. TBSCHUCK.
Subscribed nnd sworn to before me this
JOth day of June , 18D9. L. K. BOYLE ,
( Seal ) Notary Public.
Pnrtlca J.cavlnn for the Summer.
Parties leaving the city for the
summer may have The Bee sent to
them regularly by notifying The
Boo business office , In person or by
mall.
The address win be changed as
often as desired.
A New York ninn IIIIH become con
vinced , ns several have before bltn , that
a lighted cigarette is not a pleasant bed
fellow.
The kissing bug has the lumllhood to
tackle Kansas City women , the lirst
record of the kind since llobson passed
through.
j Times arc sadly out of joint In Vc'ue-
zuelo. The United. States minister re-
f
i ports there1 is only one revolution in
: progress and that isi a small one.
Why not bring the Sixteenth street via
duct matter to a head. The people are
tired of the do-nothing policy and the
course of the council is exasperating.
lleports agree that the volume of
travel to American tourist resorts is
greater than ever before. It Is only an
other evidence of widespread prosperity.
Senator McBrldo of Oregon says that
populism in that state is dead. There is
no necessity for an Inquest , as the cause
of its demise too much prosperity is
too evident
It Is proposed to raise u million dollars
lars to start a Christian daily in Chi
cago. As a means of distributing the
surplus of the stockholders such paper
is foreordained to be a. success.
Under most favorable conditions visItors -
Itors to the exposition In large numbers
cauuot be expected until the middle of
August. Make the Greater America Ex
position worth seeing and the people of
this section will < lo the I'cst.
The popocratlc state administration
has an expert rainmaker on its pay roll ,
though die is not expected to work at
his trade. There are no popocratlc
votes In the showers which are making
Nebraska cornfields sprint toward
maturity. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Local bankers have realized the
scarcity of currency , which it is said
portends a famine. 1'atrous of the banks
are declining gold and silver and arc
asking for paper money. Tills is quite
significant Only two years ago depos
itors wanted gold. Times change.
The magnitude of England's navy is
brought forcibly to public attention by
the annual naval maneuvers in home
waters. AVlth fleets scattered all over
the world , in every instance equal to
any two powers combined In those
waters , without any unusual effort 118
war ships have been collected to par
ticipate in the.event. . .
Count Castcllano , who. wrote a very
caustic letter to the prince of Monaco ,
is beginning to realize the 'truth of the
ndago that "people who live In glass
houses should not throw stones. " Some
of 'his ' own blituly transactions are bo
lus commented on by the press In a
manner which will not have a tendency
to Improve his temper.
Captain Wntklus' report , In which ho
shoulders all the blame for the wreck
of the Furls without any attempt to
evade or excuse the event , stamps him
as a man alx > vo the ordinary. It re
quires moral courage of the highest type
to acknowledge an error like this , which
means the blighting of n life-long record
of faithful and ctllcicnt service.
If Kitchen & Haydcn want to run a
show for their own benefit at their own
expense nobody would have a right to
object , but when they want to levy trib
ute upon the public under pivtcnso of
running an educational exposition the
public and especially the small stock
holders who wcro inveigled Into sub
scribing to exposition stock under false
pretenses have u right to demand that
the promises made to them and the pub-
lie shall bo kept.
or/i AnMixtsTUATtox ix cr/M.
H was Inevitable tliat American ad
ministration In Cuba wouhl be sub
jected to some criticism , No rational
man expected that-everybody would bo
satisfied. As all know It Is a dltllc-ult
and perplexing task , calling for the ex-
crtlso of wisdom , tact and patience.
Complaint has been heard , on the one
hand , that the administrative policy in
Cuba lias not been aiifllclcutly definite
and that there lias been a lack of de
cision and firmness. On the other hand
it has been urged Hint the military au
thority 'lias been too rigidly exercised.
The elements In Cuba that believe their
security lies In the military power de
sire that everywhere that power shall
be vigorously exerted. Another consid
erable body of the people wilnf less of
military rule and an extension of civil
authority a more rapid advance toward
the replacement of military with civil
government.
According to flip testimony of an
American oflicer In Cuba our military
occupation Is a source of irritation to
the people which becomes more Intense
every day. He points out that our meth
ods of thought , of speech , ot action are
different from those of the Cubans and
that wo offend fliem without suspecting
It This creates resentment and whereas
at IIrat the Americans were hailed as
deliverers our army has come to be
widely regarded as merely the successor
ser of the Spanish army. "In each
province , " suys this writer , "tho civil
governor , and in each city , the mayor ,
is subordinate to the military com
mander , who has usually a large staff
zealous for employment nnd the army
at Ills back. Starting with street clean
ing nnd the control of the police , one
by ona all the functions of executive
government are likely to be t& Tm up
and happy is the civil magistrate who
is not forced to acknowledge , as a
mayor of an important town recently
claimed , that the civil government of
his city had become merely a bureau
of information for the military gov
ernor. Sucli is tlie tendency in all the
largo cities ; no matter how good the
civil government Is , the military com
mander is In a position to deprive the
mayor of much" of his authority. " This
condition is inseparable from military
rule , but the American oflicer expresses
the opinion that military Interference In
the civil government is In a majority
of cases entirely unnecessary and that
the best governed cities are likely to bo
those where this interference is reduced
to a minimum. That it should bo a
source of friction and irritation It is easy
to understand.
There is not likely to bo any material
change in the policy regarding Cuba
pending the meeting of congress. Of
course the military occupation will be
maintained and doubtless the general
methods of administration will continue
to be observed. Meanwhile the ques
tion whether we should not soon with
draw 'from ' tlie island , pursuant to our
pledge to leave Cuba to the government
and control of its people when pacifica
tion should bo accomplished , Is likely
to receive a great deal of public dis
cussion , so that when congress metis
It will be able to judge pretty accurately
respecting the opinion of the country on
this question. Wo are Inclined to think
ttmt if the popular judgment could be
ascertained it would be found largely
In favor of the earliest practicable fulfill
ment of our pledge to the Cuban people.
TUG AUSTttlAX CLAIMS.
In the labor riots at Ilnzlcton , Pa. ,
nearly two years ngo several citizens of
Austria-Hungary lost their lives at the
hands of thc sheriff's posse. For this
that government asked reparation in
damages from the United States , which
our government declined' to make , on
the ground that the whole affair was
one for the state , with which the fed
eral authorities had nothing to do.
After some diplomatic correspondence
the government of Austria-Hungary
proposed to submit the matter to arbi
tration and this also was rejected by
tlie United States , as the foreign gov
ernment must have expected , since to
linvo accepted tlie proposition would
have been to admit federal obligation.
This Is said to 'have ' caused surprise
and disappointment at Vienna , and If
PO tlie explanation Is to be found in
Ignorance of our system. The federal
government assumes no responsibility
for the protection of citizens of other
countries residing in the states. They
are subject to the laws of the state
and In case of Injury must look to the
state for reparation. Hence any claim
for damages for the killing of citizens
of Austria-Hungary at Hazleton could
be made only against Pennsylvania nnd
that state disclaims any responsibility ,
on the ground that the sheriff had been
duly tried and acquitted. Tlie general
government paid damages to the fami
lies of the Italians killed by n mob in
New Orleans some years ago , but it was
explicitly stated that this was tlono en.
llrely as a matter of courtesy to the
Italian government
TllltRK KSSKNTIAL TlilXdS.
lu tlie opinion of the Philadelphia In
quirer there are Just three things which
can and should bo done at the next sea.
slon of congress in the direction of cur
rency reform. Ono Is to make nil obli
gations of the government not expressly
payable lu silver specifically payable In
gold , "thus taking away from the sec
retary of the treasury the dangerous
power which ho now possesses to bring
the country to a sliver basis ut any mo
ment simply by refusing gold and ten
dering silver dollars In redemption of
bonds , treasury notes or greenbacks. "
Thus the gold standard would be legally
recognized and firmly established. The
second requirement is to provide that
greenbacks once redeemed In gold
should not be reissued except for gold ,
and the thliU thing is to empower na
tional banks to issue notes to the par
value of the Imtids deposited as security
for circulation , With tlieso amend
ments , says our Philadelphia contem
porary , our currency system will do
good service for many years to come.
As to tlie first two , republicans are so
generally agreed that It Is somewhat
surprising the republican members of
the Bcuato committee considering a
plan of currency legislation have not
come to n conclusion aa to these propo
sitions , as appeared to be the case. Why
there .should be any hesitation or doubl
in regard to the wisdom or expediency
of either of them It Is not easy to un-
derstand. The republican party is Ir-
rcvm'iibly committed to the gold stand
ard and tht're is not a reasonable doubl
that there Is now a larger majority ol
the people with the party on this CHIPS-
! tlon than there was three years ago.
I Kvent.s have completely brushed away
! the five silver theories and demon-
i strutrd their fallacy. Tlie supply of
j gold In tlie I'nlted States Is so largo
j Hint wo are loaning it to Kuropo. All
the conditions tire favorable to legisla
tion fixing thc gold standard and It
would l > e a very grave mistake from
every point of view political , financial
nnd moral for a republican congress
to fall to enact such legislation. Thc
second proposition , there Is every rea
son to believe , will bo adopted , since
there is no Important diversity of opin
ion in regard to It. As to national bank
Issues , that Is a question which can
wait If It should threaten to Interfere
with the more essential currency legis
lation that Is proposed.
//iw.s/oBAroK miKATKn AMKIUCA.
" 0 , yea , " said President Miller yester
day , "I saw the signed editorial of Mr.
HoBowaler In Sunday's Dee , wherein I am
made to ask , 'What am I hero for ? ' I
have no recollection of the Incident. So far
as I know no such remark \\a $ ever made.
Mr. HcHowater , you know , Is quite a Joker ,
nnd I presume In this Instance ho was at his
old tricks , joking , ns usual. He Is surely
mistaken. I never heard of his proposition
to niako General Sunnier director general of
the exposition until some days afterward ,
and certainly could not have made the re
marks attributed to me.
"As to Mr. Rosewater taking mo to Wash
ington and Introducing me , nnd giving mo
a standing among the national characters ,
I am certainly greatly obliged , I had
thought that I had some acquaintance with
public men and that I had perhaps a. little
standing In the national capital , but find on
reading his signed cdltorl.il In The Bee
that I was greatly mistaken , and am In
debted to him for the Introduction and the
standing and the succeea attained by my late
visit. I wish hero and now to thank him
for taking mo up and introducing me to
Mr. Mclklejohn , Senator Thurston and Con
gressman Mercer nnd a number of other
fellow Nebraskans whom we met and who
aided and assisted us very materially In
making the Greater America Exposition
what It Is. I do not wlsli .to . 'bo ' ungrateful ,
nnd now extend my heartfelt thanks for
his great kindness and consideration In this
matter and In my behalf. " World-Herald.
Some men are born great , some
achieve greatness , while others have
greatness thrust upon them. President
Miller belongs to the latter class. In
his innate vanity he is swelled up out
of : all proportion by being the salaried
president , not of a world's International
exposition , but of a summer fair spread
over a beautiful piece of parking , with
a Midway as chief attraction. The presi
dent is verging close on three score and
ten and may bo excused for having an
impediment to his memory. He has
seemingly forgotten as easily what was
uppermost in his mind when the director
generalship was under discussion before
the executive committee as he has his
own public nnd published admissions.
He does not recollect , perhaps , that he
declined to go to Washington alone and
postponed his trip until I could be In
duced to go to the national capital with
him , confessing , as ho did at the time ,
that he was absolutely unknown to the
new generation of cabinet officers and
bureau heads , while I had kept in close
touch with them personally and politi
cally. He also has forgotten that in
making his ofllcial report of the result
of his trip to Washington he had ac
knowledged the obligations under which
I had placed the exposition. To be sure
ho did not forget to claim for himself
credit for all that had been conceded or
promised by cabinet officers and bureau
officials. Like Hip Van Winkle , Presi
dent Miller seems utterly oblivious of
the lapse of time which has placed
twenty years between himself and the
eminent public men -who played their
part on the political stage when he was
one of Its supers. He forgets that James
Buchanan , Horatio Seymour , Samuel J.
Tlldcn and Sam Randall liave passed
over to the majority , while he still lin
gers on the brink. True , President Mil
ler did not need an introduction to Con
gressman Mercer and Senator Thurston ,
but ho doubtless remembers that Thurs
ton was out of the city nnd did not re
turn until after our mission had been
performed , while Mercer was not within
our reach at the time. The president
of Greater America had never met John
Hay , secretary of state , whom I had
known ever since he was private secre
tary to Abraham Lincoln , and be did
not even know Major W. II. Michael ,
chief clerk ot the State department , who
halls from Nebraska. The president of
Greater America had never met then
Acting Postmaster General Heath , who
had for nine years acted us Washington
correspondent of The Bee , nor had ho
ever known Secretary of Agriculture
Wilson , Acting Indian Commissioner
Tonncr , Assistant Secretary of tlie Navy
Allen , Supervising Architect of the
Treasury Taylor , or anybody else exer
cising Important functions In the pres
ent administration excepting General
Grecly and Quartermaster General
Luddington , both of whom hud been
residents of Omaha twenty years ago.
He did know Assistant Secretary of War
Moiklejohn. I doubt very much , however -
over , whether Mr. Melklejolm , at whose
hands we received so much attention ,
would have gone out of his way but for
my personal intercession.
But a man who labors under the hal
lucination that ho is president of all
America naturally looks down with dis
dain nnd derision upon ordinary mortals
without tltio or patent of nobility.K. .
K. II.
If anyone doubts that the adminis
tration Is making an effort to * secure
the most competent ofllcers possible for
the new volunteer regiments a glance
down the list of appointments should
clear up the situation. The list brings
out some strange transpositions of rank-
as compared with the old volunteer or
ganizations , where favoritism largely
ruled , and cases arc numerous In which
non-commissioned ofllcers , both from
old volunteer nnd regular army regi
ments , nro given commissions. The
formation of these regiments is such
that to all Intents nnd purposes they are
regulars , tw < l unless the merit system
had boon adopted the contrast between
them and tlie regulars would have been
unpleasant. The old volunteer had
State" pride nnd rivalry to help out his
good qualities and make up for his In
experience and when In service they
bad a way of exacting resignations from
incompetent olllcers. Tlie present vol
unteers arc organized to stay nnd this
renders necessary the care exercised In
olllccrlng tliem.
Uosewatcr calls this a purely private spec
ulative enterprise. If this Is so what right
has ho to demand a reorganization of It , or
to attempt , to dictate the selection ot cm-
p'oyes. ' According to his theory lie would
have a right to demand a reorganization of
the McCord-Drady company or Paxton &
Gallagher , as well ns to make threats of
disaster to them unless ho was allowed to
run their business.
This Is glvon out by the official organ
of tlie G. A , Expo , as the talk of a mem
ber of Its bxccutivc committee , who for
gets that stockholders have some rights
which Its managers are bound to respect.
If tlie firms mentioned were being con
ducted under the corporate lawfi of this
state the stockholders would have a
right' to protest against any policy that
was ruinous lo the business of the firm.
They would even bo conceded the right
to Insist upon a change of olllcers if they
were engaged In n conspiracy to exploit
the concern for their own benefit. But
while the G. A. Expo. Is a private spec
ulative enterprise It is a public concern
because it occupies public parks and
public streets and is engaged In n quasi-
public business with features that con
cern public morals and good govern
ment
Managers of eastern roads In making
a new grain tariff say it Avlll bo ad
hered to and thai no secret favorable
rates will be given to large shippers ,
thus tacitly admitting that such has
been ( lie rule In the past Everyone has
been convinced that such is the practice ,
but it is seldom railroad men are frank
enough to admit they have persistently
and wilfully violated tlie law. There
are no more constant and flagrant violators
lators of the law than railroad man
agers , while the law is always a certain
refuge when their rights are attempted
to be violated and it often upholds them
in injustice.
Nashville found It necessary to reor
ganize the Board of Managers of tlie
Tennessee Centennial Exposition after
the ruling men in.the board had shown
their uulltness to manage the enterprise.
The newspaper which pointed out tlie
weaknesses of the management and pre
dicted disaster did tlie enterprise a great
service , for upon reorganization the ex
position was pushed to a successful
issue.
Havana papers continue to print
stories of brigandage In Cuba though
admitting they are mostly cases of
petty thievery , such as areliable , to occur
In any country. The stories are often
circulated for the same purpose ns re
ported danger of Indian uprisings in
this country to secure the quartering
of troops in the neighborhood for the
trade benefits whiclunccrue.
The Bee has nothing trf unsay or apol
ogize for with regard to its course on
the exposition cither , in its early stages
or at the present time. It 'supported the
enterprise In the face of a boycott gotten
up by Its business competitors at Omaha
and Lincoln , and would support it now
if It had been conducted according to
the "original program.
The French ministry proposes to in
vestigate and ascertain if possible how
the newspapers wcro able to obtain the
official details of the government's in
formation regarding the Orlcaulst plots.
They will probably be as successful as
the United States senate has been in
discovering the executive session leaks.
Good 1'lnii In Follow.
New York Tribune.
The plan of making army appointments
purely on the ground of merit Is a good ono
and cannot 'be ' too strictly adhered to.
Olvlnxr HIM Simp
Washington Star.
Colonel \V. J. Bryan is quoted In an Inter
view as having said that he Is talking tou
much. The Nebraska orator Is utterly reck-
U-BO In his manner of leaving openings for
satirically-Inclined people.
Globe-Democrat.
Newfoundland IB troubled with the enders -
ers codfish controversy , and on the Paclllc
tldo Canada refuses to consent to a reason
able modus vivendl. Our neighbor on the
north would bo unhappy If It mleued any
thing from Its list of ancient grievances.
Incentive to American KfTort.
Plttaburff Tlspatch. .
The American workman Is limited only by
circumstances within his own life. Ho or
bis son may rUe to the highest position In
bis nation without the favor of heredity.
The highest honors nro attainable with
out the Intervention of royal favor. This
Is tbo Incentive to American effort Not
that every individual American thinks of
this or npprejlates the boon , not by any
means. Hut a great many of them do fully
understand what their national heritage
means and thc remainder are carried along
n the irresistible current.
JerNcy Stiuiiln liy Ilx Own ,
Chlcaco Chronicle.
No ono will be surprised at the decision
of the New Jersey supreme court sustaining
rusts. The incubation and promotion of
trusts IH the leading Now Jercey industry.
A very large proportion uf Ilia state's In
come Is derived from feus for Hcenalng
hem. Hence the supreme court , bulng In-
luenced consciously or unconsciously by
ts environment , naturally leans toward tbo
rust proposition. For a New Jersey court
o condemn trusts would be equivalent to
n Pennsylvania tribunal denouncing tbo
rcm industry or a Louisiana court assailing
he manufacture of sugar.
Colonizing ( lie
Buffalo
In the case of the Philippines ono strong
reason for asserting that the American
people will never colonize them Is the In-
llsposftlon ot the soldiers to remain thorn.
\B a matter of fact , wo could not colonize
be Philippines without firol driving out
he native inhabitant * , for they already
occupy practically all the land on which
colonists would bo disposed to settle , Wo
annot Toward soldiers with free farms
hero , asto did in our own west , nor can
vo apply to any extent our homestead lawa.
Vo can send capital there and men to manage
t. Wo caq tend an ofllcial class. nut
hat IH the limit to wlilch our colonizing
sn go. There are probably few worao
places In the -world for the vvblto man who
ixpecta to make a living by oicro physical
absr ,
rn.sio.SWIMH.IJS. .
Kind 11 f Claim * ( lie Cominl ftlmtcr tine
o Drnl AVI til.
I'hlladelphla 1'ress.
An Illustration of the kind of claim
Tension Commissioner Kvans has to con
tend with will make clear the rc.isou ccrtal
pension "attorneys" arc opposed to him
Ono of these attorneys secured n pension
many ycnrj ngo for the widow of a soldlc
killed In bat'.lo In 1S02. Slip obtained a Rug
sum In back pay and continued to draw th
pension up to 187S. It was then dlscovcrcc
that thc dead soldier had been divorced from
his wife for good reatona In 1SSS. some year
before the war began. Her pension was a
once stopped , though no effort was made t
recover the thousands of dollars which sh
had practically filched from the treasury b
the aid of a pension attorney.
From 1875 to 1SDS nothing more was bean
of the case. But last year a notorlou
pension attorney In Washington , by som
method not easily understood , had th
divorce decree of 1858 annulled. That wa
done thirty-six years after tne death of th
soldier who obtained the divorce and foity
years after the divorce was granted , Th
attorney then , nlcd a claim for bvk : pcnsloi
for the alleged widow from the time tbo
pension hnd been cut off In 1875. The sun
amounted to several thousand dollars , am
under our loose pension laws the luiioun
had to bo and the "widow"
paid , ; s now on
the pension rolls.
Comm ssioncr Kvans did hla best to protcc
the treasury from being robbed In that. .vay
but he was unsuccessful. Ho did succeed
howevct , in winning the undying cnmly o
the rascally attorney who put tbroiiR'j the
Job , and who , no doubt , obtained the largos
percentage of the "swag. " That attorney
ha been the most active agent In "worklni
up" opposition to Commissioner Kvans In
Grand Army camps. In this work he has hai
the assistance of some mora men of his ilk
who have run up against th lugged honesty
of Commissioner Kvaas.
No snnc man supposes that pension at
torneys in Washington grow rich out of the
? 10 fco allowed them by law for looking
after n pension cage. It Is the "swag" li
claims like the one mentioned which enables
them to bccomo "financiers. " And It is just
that class of claims that Commissioner
Evans has been fighting. Hence this effor
by that class of "attorneys" to discredit the
commissioner. There are honest pension at
torneys , but they are not the men who In
stigated the attack on Mr. Kvans. The "at
torney" system many of the pension at
torneys are not lawyers , and have never been
admitted to the bar Is altogether wrong
Commissioner Kvans Is right in seeking to
save the old veterans and the widows am
orphans from the exactions of pension at
torneys.
AWAKEXI.VG OF TUB AVKST.
Marked Activity lit AurH'nUnro , Min
ing ; mill IiiiluHlrlnl MUCH.
Philadelphia Saturday Evening' Post.
Once moro the great west is awake. The
years of idleness and degression that fol
lowed inevitably upon the unnatural booms
of a few years ngo have given way to a
healthiness of growth and development thai
will yet make of the Transmlsslsslopl sec
tion the empire that Napoleon predicted
when he throw down his pen after signing
the Louisiana treaty.
Jllnes that had been niled with water for
many a month have been pumped out and
are in operation again. .Mills that had been
Idle are once more humming with machin
ery and alive with the men and women who
are making their livings there. Towns thai
had lost all hope are awake. Men who
thought ten years ago that the west was
dead are seeing a return ot the old times ,
with none of the inflation that caused all ol
the trouble in the late 'SO's and the
early ' 90's. '
Lands in Illinois , Missouri , Iowa , Kansas ,
Nebraska and every other western state are
In demand at prices that are pleasing to the
holders , who have been grudging paying
taxes with no return for a good many years.
Farmers who have been disgusted nnd dis
couraged in turn are beginning to flnd llfo
worth living.
In looking about for a reason for the
changed conditions , there are those who eay
that the prosperity of the west Is due to the
war with Spain the demand for superfluous
men , the demand for food products and for
the other necessltlts of an active campaign
with a large army. The best authorities
admit no such thing , however. The revival
of Industry in the west is attributed solely
to the fact that the depression woe unnat
ural , resulting , in its turn , from an unnat
ural boom ten or fifteen years ago.
Just as soon as a section , rich in all of
the elements in the bestowal of a kindly
nature , had recovered from the effects of a
foolish fever of speculation , prosperity was
with It again. The west and the east , as
well as tbo north and the south , ore to
gether for prosperity and advancement , for
continued unity and national greatness.
PEItSO.VAl * AND OTIIKIIWISK.
Warren C. Colemnn of Concord , N. C. , Is
the richest colored man In the south. His
Income is invested in cotton mills.
Jeremiah Curtln , the translator of
Sienklewlcz's novels , knows every language
and most of tbo dialects In Europe , and Is
self-taught.
Senator Chandler of New Hampshire , be
sides writing most of the editorials In the
Concord Monitor , reads a good deal of copy
and makes up the paper on his managing
editor's day off.
Ex-Sonator George P. iHamlln of Kansas
Is the son of Europe Hamlln , and had three
uncles whcse names wore Asia , Africa and
America. Vice Prtsldent 'Hannibal Hamlln
was tbo < u of Africa ,
Ono of the richest farmers in Missouri ,
who raises great crops and feeds many bead
of stock , says that for him there has always
been an eleventh commandment , which is :
"Thou Bhalt not sell corn. "
The young man In Philadelphia who
squeezed the hands of his inamorata so ex
uberantly that she has lost the use of both
of them and will probably have ono of them
amputated , and who has been sued by the
owner of the hands ho sought for $25,000 ,
will probably restrain himself In future.
The New York Journal hns received a
letter from a sailor on the battleship Texas
suggesting that since the sailors of Dewny's
Icet have all received medals , the men
jehlnd the guns that sank the ships of Cer-
vera should not bo overlooked , Inasmuch as
: hey helped to destroy the "cream of the
Spanish navy. "
Robert Conner , who died In New Yorlc
on Thursday evening , eald last December ,
after the death of his eldest non ; "I nm
nearly 75 years old now. There Is little
reason why my llfo should bo prolonged for
any number of years beyond the natural
span. For my own part , I feel that I shall
not sco the beginning of the next century. "
It is important to note that President
iciuirman of the > Philippine commission In
ils somewhat lengthy dispatch to Secretary
lay , announcing his Intention to return
lomo at once , again speaks well of ( ho
sultan of Suit ! . This la of course not all
he ncwa that wo want from our Pacific
gland possessions , but It is certainly gratl-
'ying ' to know that our high-priced com
missioners are hobnobbing with royalty and
do not get too much rattled to tell about it.
A writer in 'tho New York World thus
describes Columbia's whltowings , "When
Columbia's club topsail was set Its highest
> eak was no less than 175 feet above the
eea ; It rose not lets than thirty feet higher
above the water than U the roadway of the
Brooklyn bridge at the highest tide. And
yet all that canvass-enough canvas , If Jibs
> e Included , to cover eay ten city lots was
spread above a hull that wan Ires than
ninety feet long on the water linn and but
.wcnty-four . feet two inches wide. " i
unions OK TIIK w.vn ,
A letter from Captain 0. V. V. Wild * of
the United States cruiser Boston to a friend
In Provlncctown , Mass. , Is published In the
Boston Transcript. The letter is dated
Ccbu , P. 1. , and thc following Interesting
paragraphs are taken from It : " \Vo are
kept right busy out here and It Is dreadfully
hot. so that when enc > gets a chance to rest
ho takes advantage of It. The United States
has n big problem on hand out here. The
Spaniards had held thrso Islands for nearly
four centuries' , yet the whlto population Is
but 2 per cent ; and before we can succeed
In preparing them for self-government , that
Is , educating them up to the necessary
standard , It will coat fl.000,000,000
and n great many valuable lives , for in the
southern Islands of the croup , Inhabited by
Moras and Stilus , who nre fiercer than over
was American Indian , It is going to bo a
most tllfllcult task to subdtio nnd conquer
them.
"Being In a tropical climate , not only the
heat Is intense , but the tropical growth ts
almost an Impossible jungle to penetrate.
The Filipinos in the northern group of
Islands nro less fierce , but they are giving
us much trouble. I captured the city of
Hello on the Island of Pnnay , though Gen
eral Miller got the credit of It , when ho
hnd no more to do with It than one of your
Provincctown fishermen. The navy nlso
captured this place , and I am hero holding
It. The hot weather takes hold of mo badly
and I'd like a great big slice of your r t
winter's cold weather. I have two electric
fans blowing upon me all day nnd nil night ,
nnd then sweat like n beaver.
"This city has 45,000 inhabitants ; prin
cipal 'business ' , hemp and sugar. The ship
John Currier of Boston recently left hero
for Boston , with 2,000 tons of hemp. It
made me homesick , for she was bound for
Constitution wharf. 1 go ashore very little ,
for It is so boiling hot that I lliul thc ship
much cooler.
"These people are a treacherous set nnj
devoid of affection and do not appreciate
kind treatment. One gentleman here had n
servant for twenty years , to whom he had
always been kind and considerate , and
trusted him implicitly. The scoundrel con
nived with a bandit to murder and rob him.
So you sco what a class of American citizens
they will make. I am afraid We have n
great big whlto clertiant on our hands. "
n. U. Colom , ox-mnyor of Ponce , Porto
Rico" who is in Philadelphia studying Amer
ican 'business ' methods , tell * how ho came
to surrender the city of Ponce to the
Americans. When Spain granted auton
omy to thc Island Mr. Colom was the first
mayor elected. He knew very llttlo of the
English language at that time , but took
pains to learn enough to make himself clear
when the tlmo came to surrender. The fltst
words he learned to say distinctly were "I
surrender. " Ho practiced thcso dally , and
dually the opportunity came , when ho used
them to good effect. This fact demonstra
ted that the Porto TUcans bad decided to
surrender , but they had to Itecp it from
thc Spaniards for fear of serious results.
The Informal surrender was made by tele
phone from the municipal buildings to tbo
headquarters of the American general.
While the United States cruiser Brooklyn
was being overhauled at the Brooklyn navy-
yard shore leave was given In turn to
batches of sailors. One man whose family
lived in New York City was allowed , so
the Tribune story runs , to remain with his
family for two or three days , and Invited a
shipmate to take dinner with them last
Sunday. Unfortunately the shipmate lost
the address and could remember only the
name ot the street. Reaching the street ,
ho wandered up and down , asking every
other person he met if he knew the house
where a sailor belonging to the Brooklyn
lived. None knew. The man , nonplussed ,
was nbout to give up the search , when he
observed n. youth sitting on a stoop amus
ing _ blmself with an old battered bugle.
A tlioUght struck the sailor.
"Lend mo that a minute , " he said to the
young man as he grasped the horn. Put-
Ling It to his mouth ho sounded with all
Ills might the dinner call of the Brooklyn.
Sure enough , two or three seconds after ,
from a window not fifty yards away , ft
head was thrust and ft strong , lusty voice
called out : "Ship ahoy ! Full speed
ahead up here. Mess has been waiting half
an hour for you. "
It Is proposed to erect in New Orleans a
monument commemorative of the valor and
achievements of Admiral Dewey , and a
commtttco consisting of Associate Justice
Monroe of the Louisiana supreme court and
other civil and military ofllcials of that
state has been formed to carry out the
design. Popular collections of 25 cents are
requested. In their request for subscriptions
the citizens having the matter In charge
say : "In thus honoring the son of Ver
mont In Louisiana the sentiment of rich
and poor from all parts of the country may
je concentrated In the southland. "
ni3ACTIO.V ACAI.VST FIIKKUOM.
'Influenceof Impi-rlnllum In
lip l.'nKiMl StntCN.
San Francisco Call ( rep. ) .
The fact Is that there Is a reaction against
'rcedora , against self-government , against
government by the consent of the governed.
Unfortunately the leadership in this reaction
is found in the United States. One of Its
effects Is obviously a revival of the lash for
the ownership of man by man. Cbattclry In
human flesh has ceased to exclto aversion.
Next to owning subjects by a. nation comes
naturally thc ownership of slaves by indl
vlduals. A work has been written by an
English clergyman cal'fed "Tho Missing
Link , " which Is bring widely circulated In
this country and the British colonies by the
Imperialists in both countries. It Is an argu
ment for the reduction of the dark races to
servitude , with the whlto races as their
masters , national and personal. It Is an In.
genlous contribution to the literature of
imperialism. It traverses the same ground
ns "Tho South Side View of Slavery , "
Brownlow's vindication of cbattelry and the
transactions of the Pro-Slavery ooclety of
South Carolina. It Is a sort of literature
that was obsoletcd In this country when the
constitution was amended to forbid slavery
and Involuntary servitude In the United
States and all places within their jurisdic
tion ,
British Imperialism stands confessed as a
policy undertaken for commercial purposes.
Prior to 1824 It paid , because negro slavery ,
with trade , "followed the flag , " When Slav-
cry was abolished and It was the boast of the
British conscience that shackles foil from a
slave when his foot touched the soil of the
empire , the profits of Imperialism declined ,
It Is n policy that pays only when men can
bo forced to work in tropical heat and hu
midity.
Wo are entering upon Imperialism at the
dictation of greed. Colonel Denby , whose
views were officially adopted when he was
sent to the Philippines after their expression ,
eald : "Wo take thc Philippines not for the
good of their people , but for our own profit.
If It t\on't'pay us to take them , we don't
want them. " The syndicates and combine *
which have urged this country Into Im
perialism , for their own profit , are wjso in
their generation. They want to make It pay
them nnd to gel n profit which they will lead
the people to think Is for the nation they
must own labor and coin Its sweat under the
lash.
Kngland nnd the United States , nlHM to
subjugate the black man , joining In a hypo
critical snivel about the "white man's tour-
den , " which consists In making a black man
do his work nnd whipping htm for refusing ,
arc led to the practical restoration ol .
slavery. v
U Is quite startling that when men In th
military service spat on the constitution and
condemned It as unworthy ot discussion nnd
the pulpit denounced the Declaration of In-
dependcnco as "a damnable Ho , " Instantly
all the furies of human greed And selfishness -
ness were let loose and the man-hunter and
slave-catcher was not ashamed to bawl tht
righteousness ot his calling.
1IIUUHT AM ) JJUBE/.V.
Cleveland Plain Dealer : "lie's a pessi
mist , 1 umlwMaiitl. "
"A pcwlmlst ? Well , hardly. YS hy , hi
believes Jn himself. "
Somc-rvlllo Journal : The nverago man
never stoi > to think what kind of a gravt *
Btono ho will have nftcr ho Is dead.
Chicago Post : "ll'as she a voice of much
volume ? ' " , ,
"My dcor boy , It's a throe-volum * voice ,
Illustrated nnd printed In , colors. "
Imllannpolls Journal : "Idler ! " t ld thci
ant , poornftilly. . . . .
"M ? " answered th grasshopper. "My
dear fellow , I have been on the jump ever
ulnco I was born. "
Chicago Tribune : "Bwlgsby wasn't at tht
oflloe Wednesday. '
"No , ho was celebrating the fourth. "
"Tho Fourth ! "
"Yes. It'u the fourth girl. "
Chicago flrlbune : Customer Some ot
these combs nro nmrkcd 73 cents and otheri
J2.T5 , and they look exactly nllke. What' *
the difference ?
Salesgirl Those nro tortoise shell and
these tire real tortoise shell.
Puck : The Lion So you've been elected
treasurer of the Jungle , ch ? Hut the salary
isn't BO much to rejolco nbout , is it ?
The Monk No ; foul ah the public funds
iw ; i through my bunds , and , remember , I
mve four handsl
Detroit Journnl : When a man asks mor *
questions than ten wise men can answer
thc wise men get out of u by culling- him
11 fool. J (
Cleveland Plnln Dealer : "So you nra tht
only ono of the family now at homo ? "
"Oh , I'm not loiveaome. Jly wife loft tht
house plants In my care. "
Indianapolis Journal : Klclerly Visitor-
Son , who was the llrst president ?
Small Hey Jorjwnsh'n't'n , of course. Now
you tell mo who was the best pitcher for
tlie Cincinnati four years ago.
Puck : Newlywed Why , I never thought
of saving- cent until I got married 1
Bachelor And do you now ?
Newly wed Oil ! yes , Indeed ! I'm continu
ally thinking how much 1 might save It I
wasn't !
HIS CHAllMIXG SISTER.
Denver Post.
I have the sweetest sister that ever bloomed
In beauty's garden ,
A winsome llttlo angel full of Innocerici
nnd grace ;
If you could see the charming slrl you'd
grant me smiling 'pardon
Foe saying- she would knock most any
mala heurt oft Its basel
There's rippling- music In her laugh , It
seema Inspired of heaven ;
Her smile wmijd me.lt the coat of let
from woman-hater's heart 1
Though but my sister , by her charms my
heart Is sadly riven
Is plercsd from suburbs clear to cora by
Cupid's stinging dart !
Her pretty 'face an angel from lh upper
realms would covet ,
A smiling fuco set in a frame of semi-
golden hair ;
Ah , that sweet , winsome frontisplccel to .
HP-S it is 1o love It !
No man susceptlb'-o of heart could 'scaps
Its waiting- snare !
Her teeth of porcelalnish tint set In their
rosy portal
Seem far too pure to chop at such a vul
gar thingIH hash !
I'll bet my blrthrlglit 'palnst a dim * no
other female morjal
Such lovely teeth of natural growth upon
the cyea can flash !
Her hands are beautiful In shape , nnd very
well she knows It ;
Her feet well , . them I never saw , but
dainty are her boots ;
Her none is of the Grecian build , and when
the darllnz1 blows It
The melo < ly Is sweeter than an orchestr *
of flutes ! . ,
Her eentle voice falls on the car Ilk * m
golden lovebcll * tinkling. fl
It holda me In n waking- trance that seem 7
almost divine ! '
But In this rambling , offhnnd verse I stare *
cnn clve an Inkllnc-
Of nil the charms possessed by that sweet
sister dear of mine.
You're no douht wondering Just why tht
bloomln' deuce a fellow
Should group the leaklnys of his brain In
a jxkitlo maze , \
Should chew thp ragof poesy and muse- \
leally bellow /
Such hlfalutta' language to exploit a sis
ter's praise.
The thing Is new to me , you know , and
hence It IsI shovel
Such tiinaful fuel on the fire to keep her
charms alight ;
I-t la a. new experience most devilishly
novel *
She'B only been my sister since I popped
to her tv
last night !
A
Winner.
Every man knows
or ought to know-
how much his wel
fare depends on his
appearance. Let us
help you to see that
your "get up" is all
right. It is an accepted
fact that one would
better be out of the
world than out of fash
ion. We'll see that
you are in fashion if
you will come here for
your clothes ,
What is more , we
will save you a lot of
money besides.

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