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THE OMAHA "DAILV 1U3JB : SATUHPAY , JULY" 15 , 1.809.
TIIE OMAHA DAILY E. IIOSEWATEH. Editor. PUBLISHED EVEItY MOUN1NO. TEIIMS or SUBSCRIPTION. Dally Uco ( without Sunday ) , One -Year..J6.W Dally Dee and Sunday , One Year 8.0 Klx Months 4. < k frhrea Months 2.0 : Sunday lice , One Year Z. Saturday Uee , Ono Year l- .Weekly Hoc. Ono Year < " OKl'MCES. ' Omaha : The Uco Building. . Bouth Omaha : City nail Building , Twenty- itUUi ar.d N Streets. Council UlufCa : 10 Pearl Sttect. Chicago : Stoclt Exchange Bulldlne. New York : Temple Court. Washington : 01 Fourteenth Street. COIinESPONDENCE. Communication reiatlnE to news and Editorial matter should be addressed : Ixlltorlal Department , The Omaha Bee. BUSINESS LETTERS. Dullness letters and remittances should bo addressed to The Ueo Publishing Com pany , Omaha. REMITTANCES. Ilftmlt by draft , express or postal order payable to The lien pub'.lshlng Company. Only 2-cert utampSTCccepted , In payment of mall accounts. Personal checks , except on Omaha /eastern exchange , not accepted. THE UEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATIC MHXT OP CIltCtJIjATIO.N. Btate of Nebraska , Douglas County , ss. : George it. Tzschuck , secretary of The Heo Publishing company , being duly sworn , saya that the actual number of full and complete copies of The Dally , Morning , Evening and Sunday Bee , printed during the month of June , 1599 , was as follows : Less unsold and returned copies. . . . H > > ! HN Net total sales 7-IK.I78 Net dally average IM.IKHI GEO. B. TX.3C11UCK. Stlbscrlb d and sworn to before me this 60th day ot June , 1SSS. L. 13. BO\LK. ( Seal ) Notary Public. l nrlle I.cnvliij ? for ( lie Slimmer. Parties Icavlns the city for the summer may have The Bee sent to them regularly by notifying The Bee business omco , In person or by mall. mall.Tho The address will be changed ns often ns desired. ' If The Oinnlin. Uco had boon voted $8T)0 ) in star elminlicr what a howl would 'ilmvo been raised ! Hank deposits In DCS Moines banks Imvo doubled within Ihu l > ast year. Iowa appears to bo getting Its share of the prosperity. Now that the ( scalper ordinance has been declared legal nothing stands In the way oE the railroads to grant special excursion rates in and out of Omaha. The Spanish people ) have concluded it is their turn to get up a cabinet crisis. These crises in Europe come about us regularly as revolutions in South Amer ica.1 ' _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Superintendent 1'carso has been elected treasurer of the National Kdu- cational association. "Whether tills elec tion smashed the book trust slate is not reported by the press agent. A pest house cannot be located with out stirring up remonstrances , but the now location is ouo against which few objections can be raised. 'Che incident ought to be considered closed. In his speech at Denver Mr. Bryan nsked his auditors to tell him why the people and not the telegraph companies nre compelled to pay war tax on every message sent That is easy. The people ple have no special lobby at Washing ton. The populists who have profited by fusion with the democrats will now Imve to divide attentions which have been bestowed upon the mlddle-oC-the- road elements. The democrats are moving for a dissolution of the partner ship. If the strikes among coal miners ro responsible for the reduction of force at the smelter why Is it that the coal famine is not felt at South Omaha ? If the reduction is duo to the strike among Colorado smelters It is a horse of an other color. Lincoln Is now making an effort to tender a grand reception to the return ing First Nebraska regiment. A llttlo later on the dllucultlc * attending such an undertaking will become manifest to the well-intentioned people of the State capital. If every man in Nebraska who has allowed ills insurance policies to lapse should pursue the tactics of the Nor folk populist statesman the state In surance department would have plenty of business to furnish two commission- era with Jobs. Another citizen rises to protest rigalnst the practice of the school board in paying - ing excessive salaries to ofllcers and teachers and to volco a growing popular dcslro that men bo employed ns princi pals , tenure of otllco to bo conditioned on good behavior nml competency. There are others willing to endorse these sentiments. ' Coin Harvey's statement that the masses nre expected to furnish the next democratic national campaign fund through the medium of dollar contribu tions is not to be taken us indicating that the silver bulllouaires and other millionaires will be barred from donat ing. It simply means the siza of the meshes in the dragnet have been re duced so ns to catch the small fry and nil. It is In accord with the eternal tit- ness of things that the only Judge now on the bench of tills district who repre sents the parties that denounce govern ment by injunction should bo the judge to issue more injunctions than the other B\- | Judges combined have issued. And the most remarkable thing about tills perpetual lujunctoi- that he Issues in junctions In violation of the rules of the court which contemplate that all Injunc tion proceedings shall bo instituted before - fore equity Judges. i in i , snnncB. The rlty of HnfTnlo Is about to Intro dtlce the merit system in Its civil serv let * , the rules that have been adopted making the system compulsory nnd put ting It "beyond the power of spoils loving mayors to tamper with them The Kxpros.s of that city states that ! WO positions arc changed from the noncompetitive - competitive to tlit ; competitive schedule These include the superintendent of po lice , the chief of the fire ilepartment , all the superintendents under the de partment of public works , the sealer of weights and measures and the police and lire surgeons. Very few positions are exempt * I.'ndor the operations of this system the civil service of Buffalo will bu practically free from the Influence or politics. Those who obtain positions In the city government on their incrlt will lie assured of retaining them so long as they faithfully and efficiently per form their duties and promotion In some departments , through competitive examination , will reward lldelity and elllclency. Hulfrilo Is to be congratulated upon this change , which there can be no doubt will bo abundantly Justified by results. There Is urgent necessity for this reform in the civil service of the cities of the country , In the interest of good government , economy and sound business administration. 7-YIMj UF T1IK The celebration throughout France yesterday of the anniversary of the fall of the Hastllo , which occurred July l-i , 17S ! > , was marked by a great deal of patriotic enthusiasm. It is an occasion which elicits from the French people the strongest expressions of their sen timents and emotions and the report of the celebrations shows that the In terest in this anniversary has not in the least abated. The populace cheered for the republic and for the army , while the president received greetings which amply attested his popularity. There had been some apprehension of disorder , particularly at Ilcnncs , where the retrial of Dreyfus Is to take place , but there was none to speak of. There are some who are pessimistic in regard to the permanence of repub lican Institutions In France , but the people as a whole are. undoubtedly strongly imbued with republican prin ciples , which there Is good reason to believe are all the time becoming more tlrmly rooted. Recent events have had a most wholesome Influence in teach ing the nation the importance of recog nizing and maintaining the supremacy of the civil authority ; that while the army should bo respected it is most essential to the preservation of repub lican Institutions that In time of peace the civil power shall not bo subordi nated. So long as the French people faithfully -adhere to this principle the republic will not be : in danger from do mestic strife ; only when the civil yields to the military power will republican institutions in France be menaced. The present republic has passed through numerous crises that subjected it to a severe strain and we believe it to bo stronger and more se'curo today than at any previous time. Long may it live Is the earnest wish of all Americans. FATAL HLO10 \ \ BIMETALLISM. The mints of India were closed to the free coinage of silver in 1S03 and ever since that time the hope of the ) bimetallists - lists has be'cn that the British govern ment would restore the free coinage of sliver in .India . and thereby not only ac knowledge the contention of the bi- metalllsts , but also take a decided stop in behalf of an International agreement. The currency situation in India has re ceived the serious consideration of the British government for several years nnd last year the entire question was relegated to a special commission , ap pointed under a resolution of the House1 of Commons. This commission was composed of representative men , having from official or business experience largo1 acquaint ance with the question. After more than a year of careful investigation nnd consideration of the monetary condition of India the commission has just sub mitted its report , which concurs in the decision of the Indian government not to revert to the silver standard and advises that immediate measures be taken to establish effectively a gold standard , -which Is regarded as of narn- mount Importance to India's matcrfal interests. The report recommends that the British sovereign be made legal tender in and the current coin of India nnd that tlio1 Indian mints be opened to the unrestricted coinage of gold under conditions similar to those governing the Australian branches of the royal mint. Several years ago the British chan cellor of the * exchequer said that if other nations found it possible to form a bimetallic league or reach any other understanding that seemed good to them ns to the use of gold and silver , he be- llove'd ' that the Indian government would bo disposed to consider the question of reopening the mints. Upon this the blmetnlllsts everywhere have based their hopes , but the government of India has pertinaciously adhered to tlio view that the Interests of the coun try lie in being In the closest possible relation to the gold standard of the mother country and now a British com mission , after a most thorough consid eration of the matter , unqualifiedly ap proves the position of the Indian gov ernment and recommends the adoption for India of tlio gold standard. Un. doubtediy the report will be accepted by Parliament and its recoininuiUu- tlons enacted Into law. In that event the agitation in the British emplro for bimetallism will probably end for at least a generation and It will cease at the same time In other portions of ICu- rope. Hel'crrlns to this the Philadelphia Ledger says : "With the example of the great nations of the world before it , the United States , which Is practi cally on a gold basis by reason of the prohibition of the free coinage of sil ver , nnd because of an ndmlnlstratlvo policy Unit acquiesces lu the payment of gold upon demand , should so reform Its laws as to give the gold standard the fullest endorsement of legislation , that the maintenance of the standard shall not bo dependent upon the dletun of the Treasury department. With the republican party rests the responsibility to It Is presented the opportunity. Lo it have1 the courage of Its convictions.1 The report of the Brltlsfi commission favorable to giving India the goh standard destroys all Mianco of nn In ternatlonal agreement , for no sucl agreement Is possible without the ns sent of Great Britain. Tills belnj , eliminated there Is not a single vnllt reason why the next congress shoult not enact legislation recognizing nm fixing the gold standard. AS TU TIIK FLAG OP TIWCK. As a consistent opponent of monopoly In every form The Bee has never as pired to the establishing for Itself a monopoly of the newspaper business in Omaha. When it was offered tlio ex clusive franchise of the United Press which would have given It the absolute monopoly of telegraphic press news , it declined tlio offer and thus left the way open for the starling of the Omaha Hvenlug World as a competitor , and at the sumo time enabled the proprietors of the Herald to secure n double press service In competition with the special telegraphic service which The Bee had organized at great expense. In the more recent contention with the Asso ciated Press over the illegal contract awarded to the World-Herald contrary to the by-laws which gave The Boo the right of veto the demand made was the restitution of money advanced by The Bee and not nu attempt to choke off a competitor. In the settlement of that conflict The Bee stands pledged not to Interpose its veto to prevent the fur nishing of Associated Press news to another paper In case the AVorld-Her- nld should go to the wall. Being conducted on strictly business principles The Bee Is vitally interested in having as competitor a paper con ducted on honorable business principles Instead of a wrecker that pursues a de structive , cut-throat policy. In the hands of reputable business men the World-Herald would long ago Imvo 'been a paying property , and there is no more reason why that concern should wage relentless Avar upon The Boo than there is for it to wage war upon any established institution lu Omaha. The only legitimate contention between the papers is in the arena of politics , nnd tholr rivalry should be con- lined to the effort of excelling in jour nalistic enterprise.Vhonevcr such a policy is adopted nnd lived up to by the World-Herald the flag of truce which it has hoisted after a most dis graceful and unprovoked personal war , rmrposely incited nnd waged in order to Inflict business loss upon this paper , will bo respected. The Boo always has been magnani mous , and when it wins a tight it docs not gloat over the vanquished or prod them when they are down. If the men who control the "World-Herald can ever ae convinced that they cannot build up i newspaper into greatness by pulling down a newspaper of national reputa tion and high standing they will find The Bee ready to bury the Imtchet and assist in elevating the standard of Omaha journalism to a higher plane. If on the other hand the white flag is waved to cover a retreat until another ambuscade is organized The Bee will not bind itself to remain quiet with stacked arms. The assessment returns from lown present some interesting studies , among hem the question of land values. The lowest avcrago1 valuation made by the assessors on land Is $20.07 , in Dickin son county , while in Polk and Scott t is over $30 per aero. There nre eleven counties in which it is in-excess of $40. No one questions the value of Iowa farms and it is certain they have not been assessed above their worth. Had tills been done the atmospheric disturbance which it caused would not lave subsided even yet. Iowa gets the benefit in the financial world of this ipproach to "honest " values in assess ment. In Nebraska land which is every whit as productive1 , the value of which s only slightly decreased by added dls- .nnce from market , is assessed at only a fraction of the Iowa figures. Mills county , on the Missouri river , has nu average assessed valuation of $42.48 > er acre. Just across the stream n Nebraska assessed valuation shrinks wonderfully. Iowa has a high valuation , a low * tax levy , good business management and an overflowing treasury , while Its ofll- clal record of wealth gives it the promi nence it is entitled to in the financial vorld. The valuations placed upon Ne- > raska property , together with the high ate of taxation , are a standing adver tisement of poverty which Is misleading and damaging to the state. The queen regent of Spain has given ip another 2,000,000 pesetas of her al- owanco from * he government , making 4,000,000 in nil. While the queen re- ; cut has shown commendable patriot- sin in thus giving up so large a portion of her patrimony It strikes the avcrago let-son as being rather peculiar that in such a tnx-rldden nnd Impoverished country she should ever have been given nn allowance which would allow of such a reduction and still leave enough to conduct the royal establish ment. Royalty comes high for a fact. The/ / threatened ) strike of tin plato vorkers has been averted and the 40,000 nen who have been idle pending the legotlatlons over the scale will return 0 work. The mills nil closed the last lay In June , ns Is customary , pending ho negotiations over the scale of wages for the year , and at that time there was 1 prospect no agreement could bo cached. Better counsel has prevailed , lowover , and this great army of men vlll again join the prosperity procession vltli an Increase in wages. In splto of tlio recent starting up of ron furnaces whleh have been idle for years the supply Is not equal 1o the do- nand. Tlio pig Iron In stock Is being gradually reduced and it Is stated there s only four days' supply lit sight should ho furnaces shut down. It lias been ears , if it ever omined , that consumption - sumption was so close to production. This means that there is little more room for expansion In llnlshed products until now furnaces can bo constructed to produce the raw material ! * . Anothe thing which stands In the way of nn great Increase of the output l < * the sui ply of coke , which Is nn absolute uecus n1ty In Iron production. . Kvery cok oven is now running to capacity nut there Is dltlk-ulty In meeting the do maud. Frequently we hear of lamp explosion nnd then comes news of the eruption o n gasollno stove supposed to bo duo U cnreless handling. Investigation wouh doubtless prove the accident to be du to Inferior coal oil or gasoline permittee to pass muster by corrupt political In specters. As a result persons nre maimed nnd property destroyed by lire nnd nothing is done by a loiig-suiTerlnt , people to prevent recurrence of such dls tresslug accidents. There never was a more urgent demand for rigid inspcc tton at the hands of the city , to be done under direct supervision of the fire chief. The suggestions from England nm other European countries that the United States should secure peace ii the Philippines by buying up the nn tlvo leaders Is repugnant to all Amerl can ideas. There arc only two honorable orablo courses open either light it out to tlio end , no matter what the cost or grant the Filipinos such concessions as will satisfy their aspirations for self government. Peace bought by the cor ruptlon of leaders would be only tern porary nnd leave a legacy of distrust and discontent which centuries might not eradicate. LV Matter of StrniKtli. Springfield Republican. An "Inferior" race la one that can't hi hard enough to make others respect Ha rights. Tlrfore mill After. IndianapolisJournal. . Banks In Nebraska nrj crying out for paper currency , for whUh lacy would Hke to exchange gold and silver coin. In 1896 they had neither. llcnr 'Km Cluck. Globe-Democrat. Agulnaldo witl be stricken with galloping consumption when ho hears that the Thirty- second regiment of United States Infantry Is to bo recruited from Missouri , Kansas , Iowa Nebraska , 'Arkansas , Oklahoma and the In dian Territory. Chunk * or 'Imin-rlnl Flnttcrj- . Philadelphia Record. 'Althouch ' silent as yet over the tactful kaiser's flattery ot French naval power , the Salllc press is none the less pleased. If the kaiser hoafter an Invitation and a heartj welcome to the ble Paris exposition next year he is certainly starting out for It In .he right way. Only lot him throw -boQuetH enough and "la revanche" will never touch aim. die Ohlcaso iNe-we. Under the folds of the red , white and blue men "have crowded the dusty1 road to death ns to a festival" and died happy In the knowledge that they had helped to carry olc glory 'to a new triumph.And under the folds of that same flag live men who are BO In sensible patriotism and gtory that they appropriate Ihe stars and stripes to advertise a certain brand of whisky. One Kuetor in Dcfcnt. > < TV 'YofTt Tribune. ' Bryan declares piat ho would rather help eome one else win In11900 than be the cause of democracy's defeat. The real cause of hedefeat to which it is predestined will be he general and abounding prosperity of the country Under a republican administration and the ehlnlng page it has recorded in the national history. 'As ' leader or otherwise Bryan with his destructive political Ideas will be a factor ia its overthrow , but not ho only or the .principal . cause thereof. nenforntlou of Sunlty. Philadelphia Ledger. OBO of the significant signs of the times n Prance In connection with the Dreyfus case is that the Parisians the other night letened 'without ' expressions of disapproval o a play entitled "The Innocent 'JIartyr ' , " oundnd on the celebrated case. A few months ago the presentation of such a play vould have been impossible. The whole au- llence would have shrieked itself hoarse vlth curses oa the prisoner of Devil's slarnl , and most likely have wrecked the heater besides. Just now it is the turn of Dreyfus , and his friends. An I'ntennlilc ' I'onlHoii. SprlnKfleld ( Mass. ) Republican. The president , after just being informed > y his Insular commission that the annexed ipanjqh Islands are not a part of the United States , forthwith extends to their hipping the -privilege and protection of the American flag. It Is logically In order , evi dently , to extend to the people and com merce of the Islands the same privileges and protection which would seem to include ha privileges of citizenship and free access o the market under the flag. The dis- Inctlon that the Islands are a possession , mt not a part of the United States , Is one vhlch will bo found difficult to jnalntaln , as ho president's order indicates. Ilnlr-SplIttlnK "Ioi lc. " Detroit Free Press. The truth Is there Is no analogy between ho policy pursued , > wlth our territory ac ' quired from Mexico and that which the In- ular commission points out as the proper no to pursue with our now islands. There las never before been any thought of hold- ng territory In a condition ot permanent cpendence. But if wo are going to launch ut upon the sea of colonialism it will be cry convenient , no doubt , to set up a fine Istlnctlon between "territory a part of the United States an < j territory In the posses- Ion of the United States. " We shall have o say to the Porto Rlcans and the Hawaiian * nd 'the ' Filipinos : "You are in our posses- Ion , but you cannot * e citizens of our coun- ry. " Are wo willing , is congress ready to ccept the logic of the insular comraleslou ? Great IVurrlon In 1'rnr.o Time * . Chicago Chronicle. Anglo-Saxon enthusiasm runs high In Lon- on these days , as is evidenced by the peoch of Captain Francis Landon of the Seventh Now York regiment at the military tanquct last Saturday. In response to a east Captain Landon declared that when- ver and wherever Kngland needed America's , ons the latter would stand side by eldc with Britons and fight shoulder to shoulder , 'he significance of this pledge Is manifest rom the fact that Captain Landon repre- cnta. a regiment which emphatically de- lined to fight for the United States during ae late rwar. If , therefore , friendship for ingland lias tuned the Seventh up to the ghtlng point even In aid of Great Britain It will bo seen that the "sentimental alliance" 8 , after oil , an active force , At the same [ me wo feel it advisable to warn our Eng- sh allies not to rely too confidently upon 3e promises of Captain Landon. The gal- ant Seventh is mighty In peace , but if Britons were to take Captain Landon at his ord and call upon America for aid It Is 10 o 1 that the members of the "Chamber- ir.aldg' Own" would , as usual , take refuge nder beds and vanish from public view util v\ar'e alarums 'had subsided. I ItlUTIMl I'OSTtUTlCJl S.VVIMJS. Ailnilrnlilc SHirmr for n Nation lln-\- Inn n I'orniniirnt I'tilitli * Dolit , Louisville ( . 'ourl'r-Journal. A sketch of the British Postnmro Snvlng : bank by a recent writer In the New YorJ Sun mal.es up amore wonderful story thnt any of which Aladdin ever dreamed. It Is also ( ho mrst remarkable evidence thnt has ever b en given of the wisdom nnd provi dence ot the great Kngllsh nation. Com pared to lu history the stories of the gi > al house of Rothschild or the bankers ot the Middle ARM are dull and Insignificant. The bank uai founded only thirty-sever years ago. but It has grown with cucli nt-tnnlsliliiK rapidity that It now hns 7 , < JOO- 000 depositors , whose accounts toot up the enormous total of $600,000.000. Its custom- t > is are found whert'\cr there Is one ol the 12.000 towns and villages In the Unlteil Kingdom , and they nre Increasing so fast that between 1S96 and 1S97 their numbers received an addition of 677,000 , while their deposits grew $40,000,000. The strength of Great Britain , like that ot Athens , Is reputed to Ho in her "wooden walls , " but It Is In jthe enormous accumu lations of her people that the strength re sides which makes navies and armies pos sible. And certainly there Could not tie a more striking evidence of British economy than the record of this bank , nor a better Indication of the thrifty character ot the race that made such an Institution possible. It la to bo compared to no other In the world. ' The man who made possible tlila Vast accumulation of riches in pennies and shillings was gifted with a practical wis dom that has rarely been surpassed. Of course there are special reasons why the Postodlco Savings bank of Orcat Britain hliotiltl have grown so tremendously. The rate of Interest it offers IB now only 2',4 per cent , and was never more than 3 per cent , but this Is attractive to a thrifty popu lation that must save by littles. No coun try In the -world offers such opportunities for Investment as England , but the postofilco which puts Us facilities within the reach of every child and every beggar is the most attractive of all to the small Investors. The security Is the best In the world nnd the return , -though small , is so sure that it is a wonder It has not tempted more men of means. The average account , however , docs not exceed $80 , and aa one person In every flvo in England and Wales is a de positor , they could not well bo large. The thrifty Scot is not usually a putron , because both there nd in Ireland the banks invite the deposits of small eums. Edward Atkinson says his investigations have shown him that In the savings banks if Massachusetts on an average every workIngman - Ingman has laid lip a year and a half's sup port. In its way this achievement has no parallel in the world , but the savings banks of Massachusetts cannot be compared to the I'ostomco Savings tank of England. And It .may . bo doubted it the payment of the aerman war indemnity by Jacques Bon- lommo and his good wife Jacqueline Is amore moro remarkable demonstration of thrift jnd forethought. THAT KDUCATIOXAIi KUXD. Another Politic-ill Grnft A'lcwert "rrltli < MUIIIP CurloNlty. J. Sterling Morton's Conservative. The Conservative resards the attempt to educate -the papulists toy contributing to the \Vorld-5Ierald fund at Omaha with genuine curiosity. The Institution of the fund is a confession lhat a majority of the people of the United States cannot toe led into fallacies without first .belne blindfolded. The contributions are from people who ire honest , and from those who are dls- loiiest. In their attempts to reform the government and retrench tea expenses. But a rigid analysis of the motives of the con tributors scientifically made and truthfully Mlbllshod would , no doubt , show about elx- een seeking office to one seeking the up- lliftlns and advancement o.f the republic. Under "assumed names" all of the sllvcr- aulllon syndicates , smelter combines and refiners' guilds may "humbly " contribute tholr ml-te 5 of millions of dollars. If the fund can be made largo enough to educate a ina- iorlty of the voters of the United States to believe that a fixed lezal ratio between 4'he ' coins can control and fix the relative value of the metals out of which the coins arc made Coin Harvey's school for fools will lave proved a success. The financial cx- lerienco of more than flvo centuries will lave been Ignored. The accepted common sense notion of ancient times that the mar- te.t value of silver and gold bullion regu- ates the value of the coins will have been crucified on a cross of ignorance. POLITICAL DRIFT. In Tammany circles Hogg and Harmony do not pull together. IA democratic candidate for governor of Maryland this year is Colonel John Walter Smith , who is said to have the support of the Gorman faction. The democratic candidate for lieutenant Governor of Kentucky is less than 30 years ot ace and the democratic candidate for governor is less than 40. General M. F. Bell , the democrat men- ioncd as the successor In congress of Rich ard P. Bland , Is a native of Hagerstown , Md.and _ lived In Pittsburg until 20 years old. He Is at present adjutant general of Missouri. There Is something almost comical to the outsider In the thought of the prohibition mrty making a campaign for the state elec- lon In Kentucky , but It Intends to do It again this year and will hold a mass con vention in Louisville early In August to nominate candidates for the state offices. The first census , that of 1790 , cost less han $50,000. The second census cost $66,000 and was included In a volume of Hevonty- elght .pages. The census of 1880 required wenty-Jtwo volumes and cost $5,862,000 , while the census of 1S90 required forty 'oluraes of more than 12,000 pages In all and cost $11,200,000. The funded debt of the various boroughs of New York on January 1 , 1898 , the date of consolidation , was $138,825,361 for Man hattan and the Bronx , $74,300,569 for Brook- yn , $10,923,026 for Queens and $3,814,572 for Fllchmond , a total of $227,463,529. The net unded debt ot the city on June 1 , 1S99 , was 239,387,190 , an Increase of $12,000,000 since onsolldation. Upder the provisions of a law passed by he New York legislature New York City fllclals against whorn charges have been > rought 'but ' not proven are entitled to costs ncurred in their defense. Claims amount- ng to $20,000 have already been filed. The object ot the law Is to discourage political iroeecutlons. Unofficial victims of prosccu- lon or persecution are given no such prlvl- ege. ege.President President Andrew S. Draper of the Unl- crslty of Illinois , who has come forward s a candidate for the nomination for gov- rnor of that elate by the republican party , s one of the foremost educators In this country. For two years he was the state uperintendent of schools In New York state nd later bo was superintendent ot schools n Cleveland and under his administration ley won 'the reputation of being- the finest ubllc schools In America. OTIIRtl I.AM1S T1IAX OmS , A bill which has been Introduced In the House of I ords by the British minister of war Is thought by opposition papers to bo the beginning of a movement toward general conscription for service In the array of the t'tilted Kingdom. Therefore , It Is hotly at tacked and it will probably bo abandoned as too unpopular. All the time , neverthe less , the difficulty of obtaining fit recruits for the British army by the system of volun tary enlistments Increases and the question of conscription becomes more Important. The opposition provoked by even a mild hint of coercion In the matter of military service IP fresh evidence that while the British people ple nre undoubtedly warlike they are not af all military. They are not averse to fight ing , but they do not like the Idea of ordin ary soldiering In time of peace. Oarrlson duty In India Is not at all to their taste. As for conscription , the average Briton would not like to be forced Into anything far moro Inviting than the -work of the reg ular army. However , thnt Is wrmt England must come to It the strength of the British army IB to be Increased materially. Al ready it Is Impossible to get enough recruits without taking the dregn of the population. Even so , the ranks can hardly be kept filled. The navy takes about 100.000 men and the present strength of the army calls for moro than 200,000. That mnkes a total almost ns i great , In proportion to the population of the I United Kingdom , an the sl.e of the famous | German army , which Is supplied by the con- , scrlptlon system rigorously enforced. It Is remarkable that so many men can be drawn away from peaceful pursuits In a country enjoying as fair a degree of prosperity as the Brltleh Isles have for several years. It Is plain that In Persia , ns In China , there must bo some day a sharp conflict ol commercial Interests between RutHla and England , but this alone would not constltut a casus belli. The trouble Is that Russl on the Persian gulf would be a constan menace to English communication with In dla. This difficulty could not bo avoided oven by the deliminntlou of "spheres of In fluence , " that favorite expedient of moder diplomacy. Such a scheme would only rals the whole frontier question in nn acute form than ever. uV much more simple solu tion of the problem would bo a miitua guarantee ot the Independence of Persia am her conversion Into a buffer state , with a international agreement as to railroads. The the commercial battle could bo fought ou peacefully with profit to both sides. * * * There arc now 40,000 British troops Ii South .Africa . , or one soldier for cvcrj Transvaal Boor , ninn orboy , capable o carrying a gun. The cleavage ot ptlbll opinion in Grcnt Britain , as well as in Capo Colony , however , Is too sharply defined to encourage 'that ' government In resorting tea a forcible settlement of Its differences with President Krugor and the Volksraad. The tory press , Sir Alfred Mllnor , governor gen eral of Capo Colony , and high commlselone for South Africa , as well as Sir Gordon Sprlgg , recently premier of the colonial mln istry , regard the proposed coucesslons ot the Transvaal Boers In the matter of cnfran chlslng the Outlandcrs as wholly inade quate. The llbe-ral Journals in Great Britain and the present Capo ministry , on the other hand , incline the other way. As stated by the Westminster Gazette. , the scheme of Sir Alfred 'Mllner ' mould give the franchise to all Outlanders who had resided in the Transvaal prior to 1897 In flvo years from that date , nnd in accordance with Presldcn Kruger's latest proposal the same rcsul would bo accomplished by 1901 , or two years Inter. * * Grand Duke George of Russia Is dead. H was the brother of the czar and the heir apparent of .the throne. For several year ho had been a consumptive nnd it was known that ho could not live. Another brother o the czar , Grand Duke Michael , now become the heir-apparent , according .to the Russian rule. The czar Is an absolute monarch , hold Ing within himself the executive , legislative nnd Judicial1 power of the empire , but -the sovereigns in the past have made certain regulations which their successors have con sented to regard as binding. This consen may , however , In theory , be revoked at any time. The law or rule of succession to the throne was promulgated by the Emperor Paul In 1797. It is that of regular descent bj the right ot primogeniture , with preference of the male over the female line. It is in accordance with this rule that the present czar'a brothers , Instead of his daughters , are in line for the throne. Yet , If Nicholas chose he could re-establish the old rule of choosing his successor from the reigning house am name his eldest daughter. It Is not at al likely .that . ho wtil exercise this privilege Ho Is not the kind of a man totake the reins in his own hand and overturn preceden In thnt way. It is still possible that the throne may descend In direct line from him as ho Is young aud his wife Is young ami In good health. * .M. . Delombre , minister of commerce In the Dupuy cabinet , has just published the re- sulU of his official Inquiry Into the finances of the coming exposition of 1900. The re sult Is considered very satisfactory by the promoters of the enterprise. The 100,000,000 francs voted for the exposition will be ex ceeded by about 4,000,000 franoa , but there will bo no necessity to appeal for a further grant , as this sum will be moro than cov ered by additional receipts. One of the chief causes of the Increased outlay Is the great demand for space on the part of the different foreign powers , which has exceeded all ex pectations. On the other hand , the amount being brought In by concessions to promotcrn of entertainments Is already vastly In excess - cess of what bad been estimated. The eleven concessions made up to December , 1898 , had produced 2,500,000 francs , a sum almost equal to the cntiro amount yielded by the conces sion accorded for the 1889 exposition. Re viewing the progress made with the exposi tion works , the report states that only the electrical palace and the water palace are at all behind hand. Still there Is reason to bo- llove that both these structures will be com pleted in time. M. Delombro Is convinced that nothing -but unforeseen accidents can prevent the opening of the exposition nt the date originally fixed. Ho also expresses the opinion that the success , of the exposi tion IB assured everything pointing , Indeed , to a quite unprecedented triumph. Drunkenness U said to bo on the Increase In Scotland. Last year there were 5,000 moro committals by the courts than the average for tie five previous yeare. Jn Ire land , the number of licensed liquor shops has greatly Increased , but a royal commission which Investigated the question was unable to determine whether or not drunkenness had increased. In England there has been a large increase In the consumption of beer , but nu to drunkenness there are uo facts on which to base a conclusion. There haa been no Improvement , apparently , and that Is leaving the case In a bad light. Legislation in tbe Interest of temperance does not eeem to meet with much favor. Sir John Austin , a liberal , who voted In Parliament against local option , was called to account by some of hUi constituents. As a rcoult he resigned POWDER Makes the food more delicious and wholesome . . BOrAl BAjuha POMPOf ft CO. , ht * YOB * nd w then re-elected by n Increased win- jorlty. The > opposition of certain temperance Advocntes seemed to help rather than hurl him. Hotter Ttinit n lllllloii-Dollnr Crop In " * Slwlit. ( Now York World , Taking the government crop trports foi July 1 ns the basis of calculation , thi statistician of the Produce exchange eptl- mates our thrco lending grain crops thii year ns follows : nufche : * . Wheat MO.uo.OOA c L'orn 2,121,600,000 - At present prices the money value of these ( crops will be : Wheat II20.1M. < VU ) Corn SlS.eiO.OOO Oath 232,701,000 Total $1.501,449.000 $ That Is to say , these three grain crops nlono will produce this year A volume of wenlth greater by one-third than the entire Interest-bearing national debt. Thnt la only n part of what the , American farmer docs for the world ho lives in. nru.T run rv.\ . Indianapolis Journal : Walls AVere you nwar ? of the fact that the Hebrew alphabet contains no J7 Potts I knew the race had tlul peculiar ity. . Detroit Journal : In Hoslon , Mass. , people were felicitating a young person upon her approachingnmrrlace , "lle'H rt tine catch ! " they exclaimed , In dcMrato compliment of her future hut > bnnd. "Oh. a veritable cod ! " she replied , with considerable enthusiasm , and then blushed deeply to think how very boastful that must sound. Philadelphia Hecord : Jlggs 1 lie.ar poor I'HlKRs ' wax killed while on his vacation In the country. WlRWriK Yea ; 4ic got rattled and didn't move quick enough. "nun over , oh ? " "No. Rattlesnake. " Detroit Journal : "How did the burglar * happfn to miss your jewels ? " "Only yesterday something told me they were not safe In the tomato can In the cel lar , where I usually keep them , and I hnil accordingly concealed thsm In n Jewel case In my room. " WnshtiiRton Star : "There Is no denying thnt the Philippine climate has Its advan tages , " remarked th attache of the weather bureau. "Would you like to bo Stallone * ! there ? " "Well , I'm not naturally Indolent. But lust at this time of year there's something fascinating In the Idea of merely having to predict 'rain tomorrow' and then taking a day off. " 4 , Detroit Free Press : "Doctor. " said th patient who runs the us'less philosophical contemplations , "aKiio , H appears to me , Is one of nature's contradictions. " "How o ? " " 1't ' gives you the shake nnd yet It stays right with you. " Chicago Post : "What's the matter ? " risked the congressman of his constituent. "I got you it government Job , didn't I ? " "Yes. " "And 'the salary Is satisfactory , Isn't It ? " "Oh , yes , < theiJintnry'A all right , but , hang It all , they expect me to earn It. " Chicago Tribune : "How arc you getting n'ong with the making of your platform ? " asked the chairman of the fusion conven tion. Impatient at the delay. "Well , " replied 'the chairman ot the com mittee on resolutions , gtiardodly , "we'v decided on what wo nre going to demand , but we 'Iwven't ' agreed yet ns to what we really want. " Indianapolis Journal : "Idon't pee why you sirinilro Bllworthy so. He haj never done anything worth mentioning. " "Nope. And h ? has never made any an nouncements about the great things he might do If ho chose. " Cleveland Plain Dealer : "A saintly old farmer fame around to the houte the other day and sold my wife three dozen allowed fresh -eggs. " " 1 suppose ycJu had the laugh on her In great shape. " "No , the rggs were all right , " WHIST tv.VD IVOMA.V. Schlbner's Magazine , " " When Dolly played a game of whist" A dozen years ago. On leadinghtlgh she would Insist , Instead of lend Ins : low : She dearly loved a singleton. And irover led , trump , But saved .them . till -the Jiand was doi And lost them In -lump. . * ' She no'er declared her longest suit , Shn 1cd up to the strong , She loved finessing , past dispute , But always finessed wrong ; She ne'er trumped my trick ( with ouch a smile ) , She ne'er returned my lead , Revoked , misdealt but all.thewhile She "Just loved whist , indeed. " Well , all that's past : nn/1 Dorothy , When slie plays -whist today , Does It wl-tli high prollciency In .a superior way ; She knows her Fisher Ames by heart , A lonsr suit she adores , Her partner's hand of hers ( s part She signals , echoes , scores. She lends the fourth-best card , by rule Tlhe talismoin ot yore Is but a trump a useful tool , But treasured up no more ; A cros g-ruff In her hlchcst Joy , , / Revoking IB a crime J > < j ! Whist parties n'll ' iher thoughts emplor ' And nil up all her time. 'TIs sweet , dtvdeod , to view the change , To see Ulie earnest maid O'-er Polo's domain ambitious range And cast him In the shade ; Yet sometimes belnu but a man , A mere mlnogynlst I sigh for Dolly's mlle and fan , iAml Dolly'e game of whist ! July Clearing Sale Now is the tine to secure bargains all broken lines and odds and ends of spring and summer cloth ing have been picked out and placed on a separate table and the price cut in half a splendid chance to piece out an old suit for al most nothing then there are many articles of furnish ing that are being closed out at a sacrifice in fact , - ( / ' NOW is the time of the * 'X whole year to secure a bar gain in all kinds of wear ables. Remember we close at 6 p , \ * - \ TI , Saturday.