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THE OM VITA DAILY BEE : SATTftfiAT , ttfLY 13 , 1800.
DO YOUR ' DO YOUR TRADING EARLY WE CLOSE SATURDAY at 6 O'CLOCK EARLY To make today one of the banner Saturdays of the year , regardless of the fact that we will close today at 6 in the evening , we offer the most sensational and grandest bargains we have ever been able to place before you. And we ask your earnest assistance in this sale , by doing your purchasing before 6 o'clock. Come eaJy during the day. 15c quality ladies' and gent's J 0,000 high novelty HANDKERCHIEFS JAPANESE FOLDING FANS in all styles , plain white and all colors , all styles go at fancy bordered , all go at each 2M c each. Here few of the ' 5c and 2'sc. are just a many grand bargains today's sale will include- SI , $1,50 and $2 $ Men's ' Wool Pants for 50c 1000 pairs Men's well made WOOL PANTS in cassimeres and cheviots in latest styles well sewed , perfect fitting and in all sizes limit two pair to a customer. See thorn In our window $2.50 Men's Linen Crash Suits for 75c , 250 men's linen crash suits in plain crash , rough homespun covert 75c cloth and fancy ' plaid and striped gcvcnly-'lUo cents for the whole Milt Men's ' All Wool Suits $2,50- Your choice today of 200 MEN'S ALL WOOL St'ITS These are odd sizes nnd broken lots of suite that we hnvc been nelllng at J7.50 each but to close them out we give you your choice today for $14 Men's ' Suits $5,00 Your choice today of any of our $10.00 , Jli-PO and $14.00 MEX'S SUITS In all wool gray , clays and serges elegant praln and fancy cassimeres and cheviots for $15 Men's ' Suits $7,50 Your choice todav of over 1,000 MEN'S ALL WOOL BLUE SERGES , rny ] worsted RUlts , light colored all wool casslmero suits and very stylish cheviot suits for S20 Men's ' Suits $9,98 , Your choice today of all OLR SILK AND SATIN LINED flno worsted suits , cas- slmcre suits , satin lined blue serges and fancy worsted suite. These are as tine ready to wear suits as one can buy to day go at atMen's Men's ' Summer Shirts and Underwear Men's summer Men's Silk Front Unlbrlpcan , caure I5c Summer nnd opi-uworlv shirt undor- .Negligee wenr or Shirts drawers Men's French Men's llnest grade Balbriggun Underwear 25c silk front Summer 75c with double BUS- ICegligoe setod drawers , each. Shirts Uncle Barn's ' Stock of Volcanoes Increased by Eecent Events. ACTIVE SPOUTERS IN THE COLLECTION nairali and the PhiU | > i > lnem Dotted rrlth Mluhty hnfcly Valve * for the Internal Trouble * of f the I'liinct. The little shake-up on .the island of Hello , United States of America , a few days ago , calls attention to the fact that your Uncle Samuel bos a large collection of lava and earthquake producers , commonly called vol canoes. In the United States proper are a large number of retired volcanoes , but with our new possessions formally hitched to the mainland a marked revival of the volcano burners may be looked for at any mo ment. There are said to be fifteen active vol canoes In the Philippines , and many more built to erupt when given suitable provo cation. In tbe Philippines proper Ape Is ( he highest ot the peaks , rising more than 10,000 feet above the ten level. In Camlguln there U a cone which has added to Its height by recent ejections of ashes. Tbe lar gest crater In the Island of Luzon Is In the extreme south , named Balusan. This raised fatal disturbances about 185(1 ( and In con nection with many violent earthquakes even to the present rtay. In napearanco It close ly rebcmbles Vesuvius In having HE active cone surrounded in part by a crater ring of great antiquity. U. too. hag been quire- cent through all historical time up to Its outbreak , just as Vesuvius bad been up to the overwhelming of Pompeii. Somewhat to tbe north of JJalusan is a beautifully reg ular cone S.500 feet high , known as Mayan. It Is peculiar In having no regular orifice , the top being covered by broken rock. Through the Interstices In tbl/s mass con tinually Issues puffs of Ill-smelling steam. On Its side Is an opening which emits great quantities of Athcs from time to time. i Though 220 miles from Manila It blew out * fuch clouds of these minute articles In 1S14 that they were troublesome In that city , | whlU the town of Daranga was completely burled In them. Mud , too , Is one of the I products of this disagreeable mountain and has caused vast damage In the country near It It had an eruption as late as 1ST ! . In which the entire 'mountain was split asunder by a crack from 150 to 200 feet wide. In southern Luzon , In the Tlbl valley , there Is a large area filled with hot springs and more can tie found In the center of the Island. There can be found a crater rising from the middle of Lake Dombon. There are more to tbe north. i A ThliiK , ! From the jcar 1616when the first eruption known to hlwtory occurred , down to that of' ' Mount Tail in 18SO. which was preceded by a terrible earthquake , the Philippine Ulandu j fern to have been subjected to one volcanic , calamity after another , that of the came ( mnun'eln in 1754 being tbe rnrt > t disastrous recorded , when for eight days the crater j threw out ashes and lava , the sky took on a hue ot inky blackness and the shocks of ex plosions were felt hundreds of miles away. In many respects this Mount Taal U one of the most remarkable volcanoes In existence , , \ 4 tnd as a familiar wonder of the world now i promises to rival that other unique \olcano upon American neil Mauna Ix > a of Hawaii. I Situated a little over fifty mile * bouth ot Manila In tbe island of Luzon , Mount Taal ronslm of a rene rUlnp from the center of n lake , called alio Lake Taal. which In turn pprars to occupy the enormous crater of mother extinct volcano at one Use 6,000 J feet high , and undermined by a stupendous subterranean disturbance In the year 1700. As Mount Taal is only 767 feet in height , It bears tbe distinction of being. In all prob ability , the lowest active volcano in the world. The crater Is an irregular oval about three miles across at Its greatest width , at the bottom of which are three small lakes , the water of one being of as apple-green color , while that of another Is ot a bright yellow and bolls over continually. Volt-mile Luke. Owing to Us precipitous tides , Lake Taal has somewhat the appearance of ft caldron. It covers a surface of 100 square miles and In the southern part reaches a depth of C54 feet. On Us opposite side , the lake Is bounded by a narrow Isthmus separating it from the nca and formed entirely of vol canic ashes. Owing to tno fact that the water Is partially salt and Inhabited by va rious marine fishes , it Is supposed that this Isthmus was at one time broken through by the sea and at a later date ngaln closed by an eruption. In tbe great eruption of 1754 It was asserted that the red-hot lava fallIng - Ing into the lake ra'fccd even tbe tempera ture of the adjacent waters to the boiling point , so that In the destruction of countless numben. of fishes an epidemic arose from their decaying bodies , by which & 0.000 na tives are supposed to have lost their lives. In the same Island of Luzon , about 200 ; miles south of Taal , rises the great cone of Mount Meyou , 9,000 feet high and fifty miles I in circumference at its basu , which in the j year 1S14 suddenly burst forth , burying the ; surrounding villages and cocoanut groves beneath a rain of a&hcs to a depth of 120 I feet and causing the deaths of 15,000 people. | In Manila on that occasion the ashes lay . two feet deep In the streets and artificial ' light had to be used at mlddny. Again , on I October 31 , 3S76 , one of those terrible storms for which the islands arc notorious swept down the sides of the mountain , , carrying -with a cataclysm of water such I quantities of loose volcanic debris that for miles the roads were filled up , bridges de- stroyed and over 6,000 bouses ruined. At Tibl , on Laganny buy , a little to the northeast of Mayou , nre several fumaroles and hot springe , remarkable for deposits of clllca shaped Into the most beautiful cones , and pink terraces not unlike those for which New Zealand was at cine time famous. The waters of these hot springs , together with those at DuguaU , San Luis , Pagsanghan and Los Banes , are reputed to possess valuable medicinal properties. Cottabato , or Maca- turln , in Mindanao , burst forth In 1871 , partly destroying the town of that name near by , while It persistently displays en ergy through the solfataras and hot springs at Its base , There Arc Other * . As it is known that u double crater vol cano similar to Vesuvius exists on the is land of Dumaran , off the northern extremity of Palawan , it is conjectured that tbe latter unexplored Itland may aUo contain active cones , while there are enormous sulphur de- poblts on the ifland of Leyte , and on tbe island of Negros Mount Malusplna attains a height of over S.IOO feet , and In Its erup tion of IfSO covered the sea for many miles In Its neighborhood with a floating over the fine abbes a foot In depth , co that ships pasting through cut clear paths. The apparent uncertainty of what founda tion you may build your house upon in the Philippines Is forcibly illustrated in two comparatively recent instances , when In tbe years 1S06 and H76. respectively , two vol canoes suddenly arose from the earth , one , Dldlca , on t > n island off the extreme north ern point of Luzon , and the other , Caml guln , near tbe village of the same name , on an Island off tbe coact of Mindanao. In both cases no loss of human life occurred , but tbe two volcanoes have slnre grown In stature and in their explosive powers While the greatest volcano of the Eust Indies , and probably cf tbe whole earth , Krakatca a name Bugeenive of something highly explosive docs not lie within the. . MILLINERY $1.00 Quality Ladies' Latest Style Trimmed Golf and Fedora $2 Ladies' Trimmed Hats at 50c. 50 dozen of the very f \ latest style Jumbo brnld C I J White Golf lints. Ladies' Trimmed Hats for tcdav only Children's ' Trimmed Leghorn Hats 50c Misses' handsomely trimmed LEGHORN HATS Si,50 with wreaths and chiffon . . , Large Lot New Flowers lOc and 25c Ladies' Summer Skirts 5,000 Ladies' Crash Skirts worth up to 75c on sale at 800 ladies' black figured Mohair Bril- lianttno Skirts , lined with 49' good cambric and velvet ' sale binding at , worth 1,25 , on Ladies1 Crash Suits jacket and skirt to match just the thine for an outing suit worth 8 .50 on sale nt One immens ? lot of Ladles Sklrtt. In white duck , piques linen crash , denim ard covert cloth all these are trimmed with braid or tailor made and are wort'h ' up to J3.00 each we place them all on our blp counter at 95c each , worth M. Philippines , yet on the occasion of Its erup tion In 1883 , felt all over the world , a sin gular phenomenon was witnessed in Manira. "when through a light , dry mist the sun appeared green , and diffused over everything it illuminated a strange and greenish hue. " The Antilles are quite free from present volcanic agencies , but there arc enough and to spare In the Hawaiian archipelago. Fif teen vents have been counted in the group , and of these several are still active , notably Kilauea , Haulalal and Mauna Loa. Thee * are all on the Island of Hawaii itself. There is a recent looking crater in Oahu as welt. Many eruptions have taken place within comparatively iccent times , most of them consisting of overflows of lava. Kllauca , though , broke out in a. huge explosion In 1789. Those who remember the exhibit on the Midway at the World's fair will recall the appearance of the crater of this gigan tic agency for ill. There Is a crater which the inhabitants speak of as having been eruptive within their memory In Samoa , but nothing of the sort Is known to have taken place there since -the coming of the whites. GREATER DEMAND FOR GEMS Importation of Cut nnd I'ncut Dln- niun < l.i IncrenneN Durliie the Tear. WASHINGTON , July 14. Dr. W. T. Day , chief mineralogist of the geological survey , has received from George F. Kunz , the survey's expert , the annual summary of tbe gem Industry in the United States. There has been an unprecedented increase in tbe Importation of cut diamonds and a great revival In business in precious stones of all sorts. There were no native diamond finds recorded for this country , but the importa tion of uncut diamonds Increased greatly and there was a corresponding development In diamond cutting In the United States. One of tbe most Important domestic develop ments was the finding of rock .crystal's at Mokelumne Hill , Cal. , all of such size and purity as to almost rival those of Japan. These crystals have been cut up to a diameter of seven inches , a remarkable size for that dare of work. The crystals are ueed In ornamental work and for a fine grade of optical lenses. There has been a decided Increase in the output ot the sapphire mines of Fergus county , Montana. Fine blue gems up to two carats have been found. In tbe came locality new fields have been opened and beautiful stones of a wide range of cofor produced. The turquoise mines of New Mexico have continued their development and new fields have been opened In Nevada. The production of turquoise fell off slightly between 1E97 and 1S9S , but promises to more than recover this year. There have been finds of magnificent green 'tourmalene at Paris Hill , Me. , and Dan's Neck , Conn. The total value ot tbe gem output of tbe United , States for 189S , covering forty varieties , was JK > O.P20. Among the most important were sapphire , ; 5u,000 ; quartz crystal , 717,000 , and turquoise , 150,000. Culm mill I'orto Illeo I'oMal Affair * . WASHINGTON. July 14. At today's cabi net session The condition of postal affairs in Cuba and Porto Rico was dau ! sed and Postmaster General Smith Announced that a tchemc for the reorganization of the service in those Islands had been perfected. U con templates the return of many of the Ameri cans now connected w-lth the service and the employment of natives in their etead. I'urlliinicnt of Cape Colony Opcim. CAPETOWN. July 14. The Parliament of Cape Colony was opened today A large crowd of people assembled outside tbe Parliament bulldlnc and balled the arrival of Sir Alfred Milner , the British high com missioner and governor of Cape Colony , with deafening cheers , after which "God Save the Queen" was twice sung by tbe peorJe. The speech of the governor did not refer to the political situation , except that be said the relations between Cape Colony and the states polonies and territories of South Afrit * , were friendly. Ladies' fast black and tan full seamless , fine gauge , loc quality HOSE go at % ? Pair 20c quality ladies' fast black Richelieu ribbed , 40 gauge , mace yarn , 7ic Full Seamless Hose I Pair Misses' , children's and boys' Fast Black Hose , in fine and heavy ribbed , full seamless , go at ] 5c quality misses' and children's Summer Underwear all sizes , go at ! § Each All the ladies' finest quality Summer Underwear [ in all styles , worth up to 75c , go at 4C , IOC , I5G 25G 85c quality all pure Irish Linen Handker chiefs , with all widths of hems , in sheer , me dium and XYnTeIgbt- . Each All the ladies' and children's pure Jersey 10 Silk Mitts , in white and black , that sold up to 25c , go at Pair 15c quality ladies' latest style All Linen Collars all sized , go at Each POWER FROM COAL AND AIR Description of a New Electric Battery that Consumes Nothing Else. INVENTION TESTED BY SEVERAL EXPERTS Chrmlcnl Action of < hnt Economical Machine , he Hnmnn Body , Par alleled "The Germ of a Great Dlncoverj- . " A new battery cell which produces an elec tric current by the consumption of nothing but carbon except oxygen from the air Is described In a paper by Wlllard E. Case of Auburn , N. Y. , read on June 15 before the Royal Society in London , the substance of which is reprinted In the New York Sun. Before the reading of the paper Mr. Case made experiments before a committee of the society to prove his discovery , as the society will not accept any paper tbe theories of which have not been substantiated by actual proof to its satisfaction. AE tbe paper at read is too technical to < be Intelligible to the general reader It Is not given here , but the following account of tbe experiment ! ) will serve to show bow Mr. Case has demon strated that electricity can b produced di rect from carbon without waste of any me dium and without beat , the carbon being oxidized by the oxygen of tbe atmosphere through a chemical carrier. A striking fea ture of this process is that the Inventor has contrived a cell which parallels the chemical action of the most effective machine known to science , tbe human body. To begin with , Mr. Caee eel forth three propositions upon which his process IE based : - 1. That carbon reduces ferric chloride so lution to ferrous with tbe production of carbon - . bon dioxide. This process It absolutely complete. 2. That tbe solution In this form takes up oxygen from the air , returning to Its origi nal form of ferric chloride solution. This is also a complete change , 3. That If Into this solution be introduced platinum ( negative electrode ) , connected by a copper wire with the carbon ( pceltlve elec trode ) , electrical energy will be set up. Each of these 'propositions he proved by test , having first shown the purity of the chemicals used. Into tbe acid solution nf ferric chloride he introduced a piece of coal connected by copper "wire with a piece of | platinum , then blew a current of air into the solution to regenerate tbe ferrous chloride , to which It .was . reduced , back to ferric constantly. In these processes elec trical energy was generated , ai shown by the volt meter. Tbe current was used also to ring an electric bell and In other motor forms. When tbe electrical circuit wat nut completed the chemical process generated a fractional part of one degree of heat. In this process It is not the ferric chloride ( bat attacks the carbon , but the oxygen of the air which Ubes tbe ferric chloride as a carrier. There is absolutely no waste or consumption of the solution. Here enters in tbe llkeoees to the pro- cents of the human organism , alluded to above. When we breathe the oxygen of the air taken into the lungs Is taken up by the blood and carried through the arterlei. This oxygen ettacki the tltiucb that is , tbe car bon absorbed In tbe chape of food and thus rroiuoe ? energy. The arterial blood , which Is analogous to the ferric chloride , becomes ferrou * by giving up its oxygen. H is tbrn returned to tbe lungs , there to be again oxidized by the process of breathing and , thus to return to ferric. In this process the body gives off carbon dloxMe. Tnui tbe parallel between it and Mr. Case's c ll is complete With a few exception * , the forces of na- Basement Bargains For Saturday , Brass Extension Curg tain Rods , worth loc enrh Large size Sanford's < - ( g" fv AXMIXSTER urns. M I r vJ J. TX . worth J2.50 , go at each One big bargain square ALL SILK lUBBOX ' J , Q O tip to 3 Inches wide , yard Fancy Lace Lawn , .3c worth lOc . . _ yard Bicycle and Covert fj\ Cloth , worth ISc. . . / / yard Very finest lf r * 36-inch Percale fj2 yard FULL STAXDAHD / * * PRIXTS ' 9 C\ \ full pieces , no remnants 4majyard yard Ladies 75c Waists , in basement , at. . . yG-inch hemstitched Pillow Shams each Keady made S ly Pillow Slips ouch Grand Clearing Sale Parasols and Umbrellas White and Colored SILK PARASOLS , plain and with ruffles , go at 98c , $1.50 and $1.98 Worth up to $3.60. All the 26-Inch Colored Silk. Paragon Frame UMBRELLAS , with fancy handles , go at $1.49 and $1.98 Worth 13.50. All the Plain Silk , Gloria Silk , Silk Serge and Silk Taffeta UMBRELLAS go at 98c , $1.49 and $1.98 Worth up to $4.00. ture , the galvanic battery and similar elec tric cells iwhlch are not practicable for the production of a high degree of power , the world's motive power , both electric and otherwise , Is derived from carton. Carbon Is the cheapest material known that con tains stored-up energy. The electric power in general use Is obtained 'by the com bustion of coal to produce steam or by meann of the gas engine , the power thus obtained running dynamos. But all this In volves the tremendous waste , due to the intervention of the all but universal second law of thermo-dynamlcs. ( Avoidance of this law Is what < Mr. Case is seeking in his efforts to derive energy direct from carbon. In a pamphlet on the subject of electrical cmergy published two years ago he writes on this law as follows ; "In accordance with the second law of thermo-dynamlcs , ttie heat not lost , but which we can utilize In a given cabe , equals the difference between the high and low temperatures used , divided by the low tem perature. Now , to express this more sim ply , there is heat , or an expansive force , in everything , down to an absolute zero ; but under ordinary conditions we cannot economically use this Ticat in any machine below the average normal temperature in which we live. So , when once we set up molecular motion , called heat , we only use it above the normal temperature , up to that point to which we are limited by the de- ntructlon of matter. Or , as we might say , to that point at which we burn out. our boilers or melt our containing vessels. And this range is but a small fraction of the total range of the heat we have produced. Lodge 1ms shown us that the energy In a pint of boiling water , It It could be all utilized , amounts to more than half a million foot pounds , and even if the water were quite cold , and on the point of freezing , It would still contain energy of 850,000 foot pounds of work , or 1-6 of a horse-power hour In every pint. Now , coal or zinc could be burned to heat tills water to a boiling point. In which case only a part of the energy between that point and freezing could be utilized , which It a small portion of the total range between the boiling point and absolute zero. Let It be understood that this in a law of nature ; It Is Inevitable under the conditions In which wi > live. No cunningly devised furnace or feed water heater , or cut-off , or triple-expansion ap paratus , or pyre-generator can save tills heat. The most that any of these devices can do is to fcave what would otberwUe be wasted , over and above that which we must of necessity lose- . " Dei rlnpment of I lie I'owcr , In his experiments Mr. Case has shown that it Is theoretically possible to obtain one horse-power hour of electrical energy from a piece of carbon weighing a trifle over coo-tenth of a pound. In the bct dynamo systems In uee about four pounds of coal are consumed for every horse power hour of electrical pnergy developed from the dynamo. In the beginning the possibility of con verting carbon into energy without burning it was suggested to Mr. Case by the process of the human body. A chemist by education , although not by profession , since his boy hood , he became deeply Interested in the chemical pro-cetefi of the animal organism and made a etudy of them. It teemed to him that an Inanimate imitation of animate nature could be ahlcved ; that a sort of chemical Frankenstein , which fchould be an upbullder inetead of a destroyer , could be contrived. Taking carbon as the material for bis ex- perlmenti , Mr. Case went to work In hli private laboratory to discover some way of oxidizing carbon with a direct production of energy , as in the body , and without loss of the vehicle. The difficulty was to And a suitable carrier for the oxygren Experi ment followed experiment , all failures , with an occasional glimmer of hope. For a time thn experimenter gave over bis attempt ! to obtain ox ; gen from the air. la US6 he in- IN THE MORNING YOUR CHOICE OF NEARLY IOOO PAIRS LADIES' SAMPLE SHOES worth $2 , 3 , $4 and 5 in sizes 2J , 3 , 3i , 4 and 4i in the basement 98c Pair 2OOO PAIRS 300 pairs men's , LADIES' ' TAN , PLAIN and FANCY ladies' , boys' and 50 misses' U-nnis shoos and OXFORD TIES oxfords in basement AND 500 pairs childs' tan button sprlnp heel shoes TAN LACE SHOES in sizes bn otncnt Si to 10J C in all the latest style * -made to retail Iniant's shoes 2 to 5- ? for fc2 , 52,50. $3 , 54 and $3-All bizes and in basement 3R isc all widths , go nt Childs' shoes 5 to 8- $1.50 , SI.98 , in basement , 53c $2.50 and $3.00 Ladies' oxford ties . . 50c , 75c and 98c YOUR CHOICE OF OVER IOOO PAIRS Men's FineiShoes made by the Racine Shoe Co. , and Phelps , Dodge , Palmer cfc Co. worth from $2.50 to 84 and $5 a pair in blacks and tans all sizes all styles < * all new go on w | main floor I at I IN THE MORNING AND AFTERNOON ONLY. 300 men's nice B Calf Shoes s 1,25 all sizes , , In Basement. vented a reversible heat cell to convert heat Into ele.-tricity without consuming the ele ments of the battery , but this was purely a scientific test , and there was no hope of making It a commercial posslbllltj" . Next ho devised a battery In which the carbon was decomposed by the action of chlorate of potash and sulphuric acid , but In the process of deriving the electrical energy , which was accomplished without the production of heat , the chemicals were consumed , so that was lmpraticable from a commercial view. Then Mr. Case showed , In 1837 , before tha New- York Electrical society , an experiment of oxidizing his carbon with oxygen from water by means of chlorine turned In at the negative pole , which decomposed the water. The oxygen attached and oxidized the carbon , forming the positive pole. The experimenter aroused much Interest by using haemoglobin , which is the chemical carrier of oxygen In the human blood , and by Its use deriving electric force from the action of carbon upon this. In the lecture which accompanied these experiments he ga\s this advice to the electricians : Tlpn for Klcctrlrlnn * . "Keep without the second law of thermo dynamics ; search for a suitable carrier of oxygen or some cheap source of oxygen sup. ply nnd hydro-gen or carbon , or n carbon compound easily oxidized. Does It not secia logical that by following along this Itae and by preparing the material to be consumed as nature does In the human body we may yet ibe able to reach the deelred end with economy ? " Shortly after this lecture Mr. Ca < e wa In the Acturn library going through some old chemistry books in search of information on a subject In no may allied to the mMter of electric energy , when , in a textbook which bad been out of date for twenty jears , he happened upon the statement that ferric calls were reduced to ferrous by carbon. Constantly on the lookout for some chemical action that might be applicable to his ppt theory , he carefully read the paragraph. There wts no mention of the production of electrical energy or of regeneration of the nails by the atmosphere. ( Moreover , there was a footnote elating that later authorities denied the truth of the statement and that It was apparently an error. "It's orth trying , anyway , " said Mr. Case , and he made a note of It. In the course of time he made the experi ment and it fully realized his hopes. He tried various solutions , and the outcome WHI > the battery exhibited to the Hoyal sotlety In his experiments Mr. Case bad u.d t > cvcr < < l forms of cell. The following paragraph de scribes one form for the benefit of'electri cians- "An effective form of cell is one composed of an Inner and outer Jar , the Inner being a porous cup containing ferrous chloride folu- tlon and finely powdered carbon. This car bon serves as the positive electrode. la the outer Jar i ferric chloride solution kept up by the continuous blowing in of a current of air. Prior analysis and experiments have shown that ninety.four grammes of carbon would be required to produce the changes which would -take place In such a cell , aside from the air blown In , causing a productlcn of 7.5 ampere hours. The electro-mothe force equals from 3 to .5 of a volt. The 7.5 ampere hours produced would theoretically require but .SG grammes of carbon , Instead of the . ! M above stated , showing a current efficiency of 91 per cent These are the first flgurow showing what electric current a bat tery consuming carbon will give. The Lon don Electrician has been for some yeari calling upoa electrical experimenter * for figures on this line , this being the defective point of all papers on the ( subject. " ( term of a Dim-over ) . Mr. Case does not amert for bis con trivance that It Is at present of commercial value. He calls It the "germ of & dli- rorcry" but he thoroughly believes that , now that the prlnrlpTe is ettabllcbed , a method will to found to make it com mercially practicable. The dlniculty with the present battery is that It does not generate the electric force with sufficient rapidity. A Sun reporter saw Mr Case shortly after his return from Europe and asked him about his invention. "it is , at present , only a matter of scientific Interest , " said he. "Tho public doesn't care much about a new form of motor power until It becomes practical , until you can do something with It run trains or propel boats or drive machinery. This has not yet reached that stage. It has merely been demonstrated that the production of energy direct from coal without heat and without the consumption of any chemical of value except the carbon is theoretically pos sible. This process uses up onry the carbon and the oxygen from the air , which Is frco to all. I believe , however , that wo are on the border of the solution of the greatest of all technical questions , the production of cheaper energy. It may not come im mediately , but In time this germ of a dis covery , I firmly believe , will be turned to practical use. " "What would be the results of that ? " asked the reporter. "A change In the world's manner of do ing work to a cheaper and a cleaner method. The appearance of our Industrial com munities will change. There win be no flmoke or soot or steam ; no steam engine or dynamo. Fire will practically go out of use except as a destructive agency , us this electrical energy is transmutnblo Into heat at will. When the time docs come It will be one of the great changes In the world" * history. iiKit HI rroit. Ho v a AVIilovr Hfvnncil llerrlf for nil Impertinent rrmriit. A story that people are laughing about concerns a. young State department man , re ports the Washington Post. 'He ' Is a self- made man and there IB nothing about him to disturb in the slightest degree ono'K convic tion that gentlemen are born , not made Of late he has been markedly attentMc to a lovely young widow. The -widow' * wcllhrcd dlsfouragemcnt of his addrestrs has been wholly lrt on him , and recently , hearing from an acquaintance that hbe was to cele brate her birthday at Mich a time , be bad the Impertinence to Kcnd her an expensive present of an exceedingly Impertinent kind. It , or rather , they , were In satin box and their buckles gleamed with gemi. Tha widow wrote a note of thanks and before slio sent It she howcd It to tiomebndy , who told the htory. This Is what she said : "My Dear Mr. Brash , " she began. "Thanle you ever so much for remembering Fldo'a birthday. He needed a new ci'llar and tba one you sent him looks en well on him It was BO thoughtful of you to ifnd two , for Fldo IE so bid about losing thing * . " And then that vindictive woman nlgncd herself , "Ycurs Hlnccrely. " inl ( 'oilier ! loin-rx Apmorlntlon , FRONTEXAC. N. Y. . July The Na tional Confectloncm * association today elec ted officers ns follows President , A. J. Walter , St. LouU , vice prehldent , Martin Dawfcon. Chicago ; secretary , F. D Seward , St. Louie , treasurer , A. M. Slaunon. New York ; executive committee : H. W Hoops , New York , George Clo.e , notion , H M. Smith , Philadelphia ; J. H. Han , Cincinnati ; A. W. Parl , Minneapolis ; V. Price , Chicago cage , and C W. Costrllo. PHtftburg. Tn convention then adjourned. Won ( lie Drw < ' > Ciinnoii , NEW YORK , July ] . The village of Three Oakfc , Mich. , has won the cannon which Admiral Dewey tent from Manila for the Maine monument fund. The cannon was to be given to the city or village making the largest contribution In prrp-iMon to Its population. Three Oakfc , with a popula tion of from 800 to 1.000 prop'e , rais-1 11,132 , representing more than fl per caplU.