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0 THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : WEDNESDAY , NOVEMBER 1 , 180D.
OMAHA DAILY DEEX E. HOSEWATER. Editor. PUBLISHED EVENT MORNING. y _ . _ .ii. . " . " .TT'-lj. . lj- . ' " - _ ' . " ' * . . ' ' -i -T TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION. Dally Bee ( without Sunday ) , One Ycar. $ .00 Dally Bee and Sunday. One Year . 8.00 Dally , Sunday and Illustrated , One Year 8.26 Sunday and Illustrated , Ono Year . 2.23 Illustrated Bets Ono Year . 2.W Sunday Bee , One Year . ? > Saturday Bee , One Year . 1.M Weekly Bee , One Year . 60 OFFICES. Omaha : The Bee Building. South Omaha ! City Hall Building , Twenty-fifth and N Streets. Council Bluffs : 10 Pearl Street. Chicago : 1640 Unity Building. New York : Temple Court. Washington : Ml Fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. Communications relating to news and edi torial matter should be addressed : Omaha Bee , Editorial Department. BUSINESS LETTERS. Builnesa letters and remittances should be addressed : The Bco Publlsning company , Omaha , REMITTANCES. Remit hy draft , express or postal order , payable to The Bee Publisnlng Company. Only 2-cent stamps accepted In payment of mall accounts. Personal checks , except on Omaha or Eastern cxchangt not accepted. THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY , STATI3MI2NT OP C1IICULATION. State of Nebraska , Douglas County , as. : George B. Tzschuek. secretary of The Bee Publishing company , being duly sworn , snys that the > actual number of full and com plete copies of The Dally. Morning , Even ing and Sunday Bee. printed during the month of September , iSOa , was as follows : 1 U7.1TO 16 21,000 2 25.0.1(1 ( 17 25,020 3 2l,21 > r IS 21,500 .4 2-lD2t ; 19 24,522 E 2(1,170 20 24,740 6 , .25,840 Jl 24,700 7 23ru : 22 25,040 8 25,000 23 24,840 B 2U.220 24 25U10 10 25.050 23 S4.OSO 11 25,720 26 2I , 70 12 2I , 00 27 24,700 13 2-iUO ( 23 21,540 14 24,700 23 24,0-10 15 24,700 30 24,020 Tqtal 730,880 Less unsold and returned copies. . . . O.O82 Net total sales 747S 8 Net dally average S4 , 2 GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK , Subscribed nnd sworn before me this 2nd day of October , A. D. . 1S99. M. B. HUNGATE. ( Seal. ) Notary Public. Lady Smith Is bavin ? a hilarious time for u person of previous good reputa tion. Next Saturday Is tlie last day lor reg istration. Make a iiote so us not to fail to register Saturday. Popocrats have no reason to complain that the republicans are not making it lively enough for them in the closing days of the campaign. Chicago may think St. Louis is slow , but when it comes to daylight robberies the Missouri town can give the Chicago artists several valuable pointers. The fuslonist voters of the state should not feel hard If Holcomb does not get all itho way around with his explana tions. He has so many to make and. the campaign Is not long enough to cover them all. Taking their cue from the state house crowd the fusionlst county ofilelulB.have pufiill the employes to work'around the popocratlc headquarters. The campaign must go on even if the public business must wait. There must be between 7,000 and 8,000 voters in Omaha who have not yet had their names enrolled ou the registration books. Every one of these voters should see to It that they appear before the registrars next Saturday. It Is suggested that the mules which ran away with , a. British battery and landed in the Boer camp might be court-martialed on the charge of deser tion. True to their nature , however , they would probably kick on such a pro ceeding.1"7 * It is evidently moving day in South Africa , but the English forces have not yet secured possession of a new house. As the rainy season Is about on it Would be decidedly uncomfortable to have all the household belongings dumped out on the veldt. Omaha fortune seekers in the Klon dike seem to bo fated with special 111 luck. The best Klondike for the Ne braska man Is right here at home. Many opportunities for steady advancement are unexcelled and the risks and dan gers very few. When a fusionlst tells you that ho firmly believes Iowa will elect the fu- elon state ticket this year ho should bo led 'before the insanity board nnd ex amined. He is an object , not of derl- Bleu , but o'f plty. He knows only what his master tells 'him. Spanish generals express the opinion that the Americans can never settle the trouble in the.Phillppines along the lines proposed. An opinion from some one who had succe'cdeil would bQ of far greater value than that of the Spanish generals who never accomplished any- tiling except , to line their own pockets. The Washington widows who had planned a , camnnigu against Admiral Dewey will' ' have to turn1 their eyes In some other direction , for the admiral 1ms announced that he has already capitulated and will bo ready in a short timeto go to housekeeping in the now homo presented to him by his admirers. lit Is to bo hoped the supreme court may soon hand down its decision upon the validity of the law creating the cilice of Insurance commissioner. Should the court llnd the law to bo uiu-onslltu- tlonul it will , of course , knock the bottom tom out of the State Board of Trans- portaflon and thus save the taxpayers a largo sum annually. The only republicans who are running for ottlco this year arc those whoso names appear upon the republican ticket. All the efforts , of the disorgan ized opposition to make the public be- Hove that other candidacies are at htake must fail. Kuch campaign waged foi the republican -party htunds by Itself , ex cept so far as republican success In spires the party to renewed vigor and activity , FOH Prosperity perplexes the popocrnts. They cannot Ignore or deny It. It eoli- fronts them on every hand , They see It In the general employment of labor ; they hear of It in the buzz and whirr of mills nnd factories ; they read of It in the sta tistics of domestic nnd foreign com merce ; the overtaxed transportation fa cilities of the country bear evidence to U ; the accumulating savings of the pco- plo attest It ; the record of canceled mort gages Is proof of It. It Is an all-pervad- ing condition , In which every section of the country shares. All this has come nbhut within the past three years. It hns taken place since the restoration of the republican party to power. It succeeded a period of panic and distress during which the democratic party was In control of the government. Yet Colonel , Bryan and his folfowers refuse to concede llint any credit for prosperity Is duo to republican lK > llcy. They will not admit that the success fet the republican party three years ago restored finanulrtl confidence , evlvcd Industries , created a demand for labor and greatly Increased the pur- dinning jwwer of the people. The fact that In 1808 the home market consumed agricultural products - to the value of f-100,000,000 In excess of the consump tion of 1S05 , showing the effect of the larger employment and better pay of tabor , due to republican policy , has to the popocratlc mind no bearing upon prosperity. How the popocratsaccount for pros perity Is shown In what Colonel Bryan said at Hastings. Note the sago deliverance - ance of the "peerless statesman. " He asked : , "IIow did the republican party produce better times ? Did It promise In its platform to discover more gold In the British possessions ? Did it send a famine to Burope and bring good crops to the United States ? Docs the republican party control rain ? ' ! What puerility is this for a political leader who aspires to the highest oflice in the gift of the American people. Is it pos sible that the most Infatuated of Colonel Bryan's followers are inlluenced hy such fustian ? The republican party prom ised what it knew could bo accomplished and qvery promise It jnn.de has been fulfilled. Colonel Bryan said that in 1SJMJ the republican party claimed we had enough money. There was enough for the business conditions of that time , with half the Industries of tlie country idle- , enterprise at a standstill and a vast number of the people out of employ ment. The great increase In the volume of business since , requires more mbuey and. tills has been supplied from the gold mines of the world , thus disprov ing the assumption of Colonel Bryan three years ago that there would never be gold enough to supply the demand of the world's business. The republican party promised that prosperity would come from the opening of the mills and the employment of labor and this has been verified. The revival of Industries bus enormously increased thp value of the homo market to the agricultural producers. Tlie value of agricultural products exported in 1808 was $ So4000 , 000while the value of sutfh products " ' consumed. In this country was $3cS3- 000,000 , or more than fotjr ' 'times that of the exports. As compared with 181)3 , the exports of agricultural products last year show a gain In value of $1230,000- 000 , while the home consumption of these products in 1898 was greater by $400,000,000 than In 1893. Tlie repub lican party did not send a famine to Europe , but It did increase the purchas ing power of our own people to an ex tent very much more valuable to Ameri can farmers than the increased foreign demand for their products. Intelligent men , who reason from facts , ivlll not be misled by the shallow attempts of Colonel Bryan to discredit the beucficeiit effects of republican pol icy upon the industry and the business of tlie country. They have not forgot ten the conditions of three years ago , when Bryan told them that the only remedy for depression and distress was the opening ofthe mints to the free and unlimited 'coinage of silver at the- ratio of 10 to 1 without the aid or consent of any other nation and whoso prediction of nil sorts of ills and evils it his theories were not adopted has utterly failed of verification. Colonel 'Bryan is still preaching trouble , still seeing disaster nhend , still apprehensive of the future of the country. But in the light of an abounding prosperity and the record of the last few years no thoughtful man should be deluded by the.professed fears of the popocratlc leader. 27/E / DEffSON UONU tlLECTlUK. A special election Is to be held next Thursday In the town of Benson to de cide whether the town shall bond Itself to the tune of ? 4,000 'In order to aid the extension of the street car line a few blocks. Why this proposition should have been submitted only live days before the regular election nobody has yet ventured to explain. When tlie proposition was discovered by mere ac cident sandwiched between several col umns of legal notices in a paper that counts just three 8nbscrlb.cis ; In the town of Bciibon public attention was di rected to the Inexcusable use of such a medium of publicity for a proposition de signed td plaster a mortgage'upon every foot of real estuto in the town of Ben son without reasonable notice to the people ple who are to pay the Increased taxes. The only explanation given has ap peared In the bame renderless sheet in the mime of the town clerk , who ven tures to assure us that It had been his Intention to mall u copy of the reader- less medium to every'vdter in Benson. 'That Is n rather peculiar way of adver tising u bond electron. First , adver tise in a paper that nobody reads , then circulate the advertisement by distribut ing copies of the sheet. All this is mild to have been done In order to suvo a few dollars in publication fees. As a further excuse for the dark-lan tern Bchemo of submitting bonds at an election this Aveek Thursday , when the general election cornea off next week Tuesday , wo are reminded that only fourteen copleu of Thu Weekly Heo are bundled by the postmaster at Benson , While that Is true , there are forty-three copies of The Evening Bee delivered In Benson , not counting such as are pur chased from newsboys. The Bee did not , however , contend that publication of thu bond election must bo lundc In cither of Its edition ! ! , but simply that It should have been Inserted In some pa per of general circulation. TUti HRVU1IL.WAS COU.VTl * T1CKKT. The republicans of Douglas county feel serene and unrullled over the pros pect of the election of every candidate on their county ticket , In spite of the desperate attempt of the fusion leaders and their organ to crea'tc discord In their ranks by appeals to race nnd religious prejudice. In marked contrast with the course pursued In the present cam paign by their opponents the republican candidates on the county ticket have carried on a dignified campaign , with out resorting to fakes , roorbacks and vi tuperation. And this also has been the course pursued by The Uco In regard to the candidates on the fusion ticket. While the jackass battery has been throwing mud right and left nnd fabri cating fakes ovury hour in the day , The Bee has treated the candidates of the opposition with respect and -will publish nothing concerning thorn that It docs not believe to bo absolutely true. From the outset The Bee has felt such unboundiid cdnfldcnco In the election of the republican county ticket by decisive majorities that It lias deemed all pulling and personal eulogy superfluous. It bo- lleves In the old adage that good wine needs no bush. It Is conceded by men of till parties that the nominees on the republican county ticket are men worthy of public confidence and may bo depended on faithfully and ctllclently to discharge the duties of the ofilccs to which they respectively aspire. More than that nobody has a right to expect. In any event , there Is no good excuse for any republican to withhold his cor dial support to any of the candidates nominated bythe republican county con vention. THE VinLll'l'lXE COMMISSION. The Philippine commission has com menced its sessions in Washington and it is presumed will have its report ready to be used by the president In connec tion with his annual message to con gress. There Is no Intimation as to what the nature of the report will lie , but It Is perhaps safe to assume that It will favor the retention of the is lands. Whether or not it will suggest any plan for their government is prob lematical , since it appears from trust worthy statements not to be the Inten tion of the president at present to "make specific recommendations as to the fu ture of the Philippines , further than that the Islands should remain under the control of the executive until peace ful conditions have been restored. A recent Washington dispatch quotes a member of the cabinet as saying that the president will make no recommen dations to congress concerning the gov ernment or disposition of the Philippines until the Insurrection Is ended. Said this official : "Serious consideration cannot be given by congress to tlie im portant question of providing for the future of the people in that archipelago until all armed opposition to ; the 'United 'Stnfes"Ims ' ; 'ceased. Should the , insur rection ' -terminated before congress meet's the president will , in hls'annunl message , or in a subsequent communi cation , place before congress the report of the Philippine commission , together , with such material as has been gath ered by the army and obtained from other sources that will be of value In guiding congress. He will also make formal recommendations , but aside from suggesting a temporary civil government will not attempt to control the disposi tion of the Islands. " This is probably an authentic statement of the present attitude of the president , who is understood - stood to bo disposed to leave the whole matter with congress after having fur nished that body with all the informa tion in possession of the ndminlstiatlon. The probability is that congress will be found In full accord with ( he under stood view of the president that no leg islation in regard to the Philippines is necessary until the Insurrection has been suppressed nnd peace fully established. Meanwhile local civil government will be Instituted as rapidly us the condi tions will permit , as Inthe case of sev eral towns where such government bus recently been established. As now Indi cated the Philippine question Is not likely to occupy so ninch of the atten tion of congress , at least during the first session , as has been expected. The popocratic organ is denouncing the registration Jaw as outrageous nnd trying to excuse the populist governor for signing It by pretending that Its pur pose was disguised until after his signa ture had been secured. This Is not very complimentary to the governor's Intelli gence. The law Is plain as day. Its provisions express exactly what It was intended to bring nbout. Governor Poynter signed it apparently because he thought , it would be a good thing for the fusion parties , nnd bad the registration tills year shown up in their favor the World-Herald would have been lauding the law to the skies. It is remarkable that it should have to wait until now to discover that the law , which the pop ulist governor approved , is an outrageous republican measure. As u' case of hind sight better than foresight tlils caps the climax of popocratlc stupidity. After the election the progressive people ple of this city will be disposed to devote - vote their time to certain local Issues which must be settled "before Omaha can forge ahead , namely : The viaduct ; the clearance benne record ; railroad rates In and out of Omaha ; Commer cial club reorganization ; a market house and other Issues of equal Importance yet of less urgency. Every other west ern city Is putting up a strong light In self-interest and Omaha will llnd Itself shoved Into a corner if more vigor bo not shown along all lines indicated. Senator Thurston stated at North Bend tliut tills year the railroads nro handling so much traffic their trains are often belated , whereas three years ago , there being little traffic and few truliu schedule time could cublly be mu1 : . Tliu senator 1ms been lat in arriving at towuo where he was billed to speak , and offered the above as nn excuse. It may be mentioned In Jhls connection , how ever , that Bryan has not been belated by Imperfect train pervlcp. Is it jwssl- ble the great apostle has n close under standing with the railroad companies ? Perish the thought 1 The Now York Herald , which Is sup plied with Its Nebraska news out of the World-Herald olllcc , prints this Inteiest- Ing bit of information In Its issue of last Friday ; OMAHA , Neb. , Thursday. It wns reported In Nebraska political circles today that Tam many Hall litul contributed largely to the Nebraska campaign fund , and there wns much rejoicing among the fusion leaders , but nothing was kuown.ot the matter officially and thn extent of the contribution was Dot n factor In the lojolclng. This Phould bo a cause of rejoicing among the popocratlc faithful , provid ing nlwnyH they can make the local Tammany gang disgorge some of the Tammnny slush fund before it is all ab sorbed by the iwpocratlc organ nnd Its retinue of graftciu The local organ which speaks for the democratic party that in the south has disfranchised the negro by tlirentu , in timidation , force nnd assassination pretends tends to have great solicitude for the negro voters of Omahu , while the stand ing democratic candidate for president has just returned from Kentucky , where he has been upholding the author of the most Infamous election law ever put upon the statute books and assisting men who boast thnt they do not count tlte negro vote. It nnks the negro in Omiihn to support democratic candi dates. The self-respecting negro will know how to take these assurances of democratic esteem. The fusion nominee for county com missioner In Douglas county is u self- confessed embezzler and the notes which he gave to Jiis bondsmen to make good the shortage for AVhlch they had put up the money nro still outstanding nnd delinquent , notwithstanding the re peated promises to take them up , but these facts only sqoui to commend him to the forces of reform , who want noth ing better than a chance to rally around a ticket made up of such shining lights. By the way , who pays for the special trains which carry Colonel Bryan over this atatq for four solid weeks ? There are but three candidates on the state ticket. Assessments against them would not defray the expense of the olilce force employed by the state committee. The "Coin" Harvey collection is known to have been a failure. Who pays for the special trains ? Do the railroads furnish them free ? Not a word In the popocratic organ nbout the reformer's record of embezzle ment who is weighting down the fusion county ticket , but a sheet that has sup ported and been In connivance with all the embezzlers , big nnd little , in all po litical parties , would no't be expected to ' turn its'.back on oiie of Its own nominees for a little thing''i ' e a $ i,500 shortage of this kind as clgck of , Howard county. A. high law .co rf has decided that Judge William -Neville is not n democrat and that he was not nominated for congress by a democraticn convention. Every politician 'in the state knows the decision was buseid upon absolute and iucontrovertlble fjicta. But note the howl being raised about it : "Fraud ! Subservient judiciary ! Partisanship on the bench ! High-handed outrage ! " The fusion state committee has has tened' io notify tlie clerks of counties in the Sixth district that the decision of the court forbidding the placing of Judge , Neville's nurne on the ticket as a democratic candidate is to be Ignored in counties where the clerk Is oftheir po litical fnlth. Popocratlc respect for the courts and their orders Is limited to Its own , convenience. Saturday Is the time and Omaha the plaqe. Foot bull enthusiasts are to be treated to a great game which will re sult , we have not the slightest doubt , in the downfall of the crack Iowa team before the power and skill of the Ne braska university eleven. This crisp autumn air puts ginger into Ncbraskans. Faith Uackcd wltli Cnrili. Globe-Democrat. A railroad president who has Just ordered $16,000,000 worth of rolling stock Bays ho looks for "three years of undlmmed pros perity. " Hla method of backing hla faith Is entirely oatlsfactory. An Aim-mini ; Symptom. Kunsan City Star. Colonel Bryan has reached a point of exhaustion where ho can make only seven or eight speeches In one day. The alarm ing significance of this circumstance should not be concealed from the public , Gold llrlcjkH for Trtiatn. Cleveland Leader. The path of the trusts Is not strewn with roses. Not long ago the match trust paid a big price for A factory ostensibly built to compete In the business and found later that It was a "gold brick. " Now another big company has been Incorporated under the laws of New Jersey to manufacture matches. Here In Cleveland a large cracker factory la in operation competing -with the cracker trust , Ku tin rln ir IiKluHtrlnl I Philadelphia Times. After all , the great market for our Iron and steel products Is at ho'mo , nnd when our rallwayo can contract for 1.500,000 tons of steel rails , giving more than a year for their delivery , and Involving an expenditure of some $50,000,000 , the lesson Is conclusive that wo are today on a safer and more en during basis of general Industrial , commer- clal and tnide prosperity than at any tlmo In the history of the past , The Slci-'iliiK1 Cur Combine. Philadelphia Ledger. U Is reported from Chicago that , while the Vanderbtlts have nominally surrendered the Wagner Palace. Car company to Its rival , the Pullman company , they have In fact absorbed both and combined them under one direction. The name of the Pullman com pany I ; ; retained , but the company Itself Is controlled , by the owners of the Wagner stock. The point of interest to the public in all this la that henceforth there will be no competition In the palace car business , and passengers will have to pay whatever the monopoly chooses to charge for the ac commodations furnished. It Is -powerful corporation and powerfully backed , but It remains to be seen how much tlmo will elapse , before It will , break of He own weight. KCHOI39 OP IH'll WAll. The AVnslilnRton club nsi < xlatr.i of Ad miral Ucwey who REVO him n farewell ban quet prior to hla depnrturofor the Asiatic tatlon In 1S97 rcponted the dlnnci last Sat urday under much happier auspices , Col onel SchtbnU ! Hopkins , the poetic prophet of the farewell banquet , was also at the wel coming fenst , loaded with song. The colonel discomfited tha purists who made htm fay "Wo'll laud the duty done , " by defiantly re peating the correct version , ending with the verso ! "And when he takes the homeward tack , Ucncatli mi nilmlrnl'n line. Wo'll hall the day thnt brings him back , And have another Jnir. " Hopkins' new poem written for the oc casion wns in nart as follow. ? : We drnnk to him tin empty toast , Nor wns our lionstlnc vain. For on the far 1'hlllpplno coast He "sliiEcd the beard of Srmln. " And up from nil our hills nnd vnles , From city , town , find shore , A mighty shout the welkin halls "Well done , bravo commodore. " Now let your admiral' * pennant fly You've won it like a num. Where heroes love to do or die , lUclit In the battle's van. And on our history's mntrhlcss scroll , Writ large ulong Us lilies , AVIth those who've played In deathless role , The name of Dewey yhlncs. Fill all your glasses full again , \Vo Illled them once before. And drained them to the bottom , when Wo pledged the commodore. An epoch struck on Time's great clock The day ho won the Hunt : Henceforth our Anglo-Saxon stock Keep step for law nnd rlcht. Henceforth with kin beyond the sea Wo bid oppression dip , And pledge the better dnys to bo Where'er our standards My. Then fill your glasses to the brim. Lot no one fnll or las : We're In good trim , unit promised him AVe'd have another Jns. \ And now to make our toast complete , It Icnns to all our lips , Here's to the captains of the fleet. The men who fought the ships. And fill U3 tin one bumner more. Till every glass o'crrunsj Drink , if you never drank before ! The men behind the nuns ! Miss Flora Url , a San Francisco -woman , member of the local Red Cross society're ceived a handsome testimonial from the Iowa volunteers'the day before their de parture for homo as a token of their ap preciation of the care and attention she be stowed on the elck and wounded members of the regiment. Miss Url not only at tended to the men herself , but In a number of Instances paid tholr way In the Infirm aries of San Francisco , and it was for this reason that Adjutant General Dyers pre sented her on behalf of the soldiers with a handsome pair of Satsuma ware vases which the regiment had -bought by subscription whllo quartered In Manila. This is not the first testimonial that the young woman's -work has evoked , for the regiment had previously presented her with a gold and diamond medal juet before leav ing for the Philippines , and so highly -was she thought of at the general hospital that she -was the only woman not a trained nurse who was allowed nt all times free access to Us wards. The table presented to Admiral Dewey by ttio Maritime exchange of New York , ac companying the scrapbook history of the war , is a noticeable specimen of woodcarr- ing art. The four legs are carved eaglps , two feet , eight inches high. On each end Iscarved , in bold relief , the prow of the Olympla. The whole table Is finished In a warm , rich brown tone of oak , which con trasts pleasantly with the seal binding of the book it supports. The top , which is 30x38 , Inches , is | n three plecea and manip ulated by a clever ratchet device , -which raises each side toward ne center to prop erly support the massive covers of the book when open , thus avoiding the danger of the great weight of the cover breaking the binding which Is made of the skin of the largest seal ever brought into the United States , and Is heavily mounted in silver. PERSONAt AXD OTHERWISE. General Ciprlano Castro , the new president of Venezuela , is but 86 years old. He la well educated and has spent several years in Europe. The adjutant .general of the state of New York , Avery D. Andrews , enjoys the dis tinction of being the first president of any organization of cuitomoblllats in this coun try. try.Tho The mule is becoming n shining factor In modern war. The Matanzas mule has been Immortalized by paragraphers. Several of them shied at Lajlysmlth and ran into the Boer camp with a British battery. The Boston Transcript should revise its geography to correspond with the decision of Dewey's guns. Referring to the death of General Henry It says ho was "hastening to new duties on the western border. " Somebody haa thought of interviewing Boss Croker of New York nbout women lu politics , with the result that ho says : "When nn American , a true American , has made.up bis mind , no woman can Influence him. If she can , he baa no mind. " If dls-patchcs from the seat of war in South Africa are reliable , Oem Paul Kruger Is a wonderfully epry old sprinter. On Monday last ho was reported at Pretoria , weeping with the widows at the market place. Early Tuesday morning he was on the hills of Dundee looking through his field glasses at the backs ot the retreating Brit ish , * E's a blooming peach. The 15-year-old eon of Commandant Cronje of the Transvaal army fights at his father's side. The only son of Mynheer Wolmarans and two sons of State Secretary Hcltz , Judge Keck , cx-Judgo 1'sseln and several sons of members of the Capo Parliament are fight ing on the Boer eldo. Ono prominent colonist at Paarl has fifty-seven relatives with the republican forces. A reporter on the Anaconda ( Mont. ) Stand ard had the misfortune to gain the ill-will of a citizen of Butte by means of an article which appeared in that paper. The party sent n challenge to the reporter , who ac cepted it and informed him that asho , was the challenged party ho was entitled' the choice of" weapons and thereupon named hot tamales at twenty paces as his choice. The Royal Irish Ftisllecrs who lost so heav ily at the battle of Qlcncoe and were made prisoners by the Boers at Ladysmlth have under various namce a record running back Into the seventeenth century. It was the first white regiment to see service In India , and Cllve , the conqueror of that country , served In it as ensign. At the tlmo of thti Indian mutiny , In the suppression of which It participated , the members were dubbed' ' "Tho SWeet Lambs" nnd later "Old Toughs. " U took a hand In the Indian wars for half a century , returning to Europe in 18TO. There la no special reason why a distinctively Irish name should bo given the regiment. The per cent ot Celts In It Is very small , The "ooiu lit Iron. Kansas City Star. The steel rail factories of the United States have sold enough rails for next year's delivery to keep them running full tlmo for about nine Tnontlis. There nru large advance orders In most other branches of the Iron and steel Industry , and prlcec Instead of showing any ten dency to react are still advancing. It looks na If no setback In the marvelous growth of this great Industry is to be expected for a long time to come , though manufacturers nnd everybody interested In this trade have boon closely Watching , for months , for some sign of a halt in the demand and a recession In prices. nvn vcAita OF rnoonnss. SlnUnUrlnn Mtillmll nn the MKI < X nntl ShruIiMTN of thr IMrtnrr. North American Review. There are lights and shadows In the picture , but the ftlntletlcs chow us thixt the United Statci Is progressing favorably. Population advances at a slower pace than ever before recorded , which Is due not merely to restricted laws against Immigrants , but also to a diminution cf natural Increase , aris ing , apparently , from higher death rate. Import trade has fallen off 30 per cent In five- yean ? , partly owing to changes In the tariff , partly to H fnll of prices , partly to the development of homo manufactures. On the other hand , exports have arisen by $4CO- 000,000. Manufacturing Industry appeara to have grown prodigiously , the consumption cf raw materials showing nn Increase all arcund ot about GO per cent In five years. Agricultural Interests nre prosperous as re- Kurds tillage , the area under grain having risen 10,000,000 acres since 1893 , but pastoral farming seems to have suffered , the number ot live stock falling 25,000,000 , the valtio being $0,000,000 less. Mining shows a great Increase in the pro duction of gold , copper and petroleum , whllo there has been , of course , a decline In the output of silver. Finances have been deranged by. a heavy fall of Import duee nnd an Increase ot ex penditure resulting from thp \ > nt with Spain , The deficit of 1898 reached $103,000,000. The public debt has risen (200,000,000 ( since 1S93. Money actually In circulation hns risen $241,000,000 , entirely In gold , silver and paper money showing no sensible change. At the same tkno the treasury has hnd nn Increase of $15,000,000 In gold nnd $22,000,000 in silver. Banking business , to judge hy the national banks , has Increased SO per cent in five years , or three times as Inst ns pcpulntloti , an un questionable proof of the general prosperity of the union. Notwithstanding the Increase in mileage , the gross receipts of railroads fell $83,000,000 , the not profits being $21,000,000. The tonnage of port entries has risen 30 per cent , but this has been entirely in ships carrying foreign flags. The merchant ship ping of the United States shows a steady decline. Public Instruction progresses steadily , the average dally school attcndnnco increasing much faster than population. School ex penditure U thrco times as much as In the United Kingdom. Land grants to settlers nnd farmers av erage 10,000.000 acres yearly , and the area under farms Is at present , approximately , 707,000,000 acres , cf which one-third is under crops , tno-thlrds under pasture. TUB PHILIPPINE PIIOUMUM. Dullof the Government Outlined by Otic of tlie I'cncr ComnilaKln.tcrM. Prof. Schurman in Review of Reviews. Some people are still discussing the theo retic expediency of expansion. This has not been an open question since last -winter. The act and fact of expansion wns complete when the treaty of peace was ratified. You might , indeed , as an academic matter , dis cuss the desirability of contraction. But towering over and overshadowing all merely speculative Issuca is the mighty ( I had al most said the awful ) fact of our actual sov ereignty over and responsibility for the Philippine islands. You can escape the con sequences of some deeds by undoing them. But treaties cannot be made and unmade at will , nor international obligations laid down because they are burdensome. It does not matter whatwere your vlewa on the previous question of annexation ; the only question today open to you lo this : The United States having taken the Philippine islands from Spain , what shall bo done with them ? * We will hold the Philippines In trust for the Filipinos. Our mission is to educate and elevate the Filipinos and aid them In governing themselves. We shall not adopt the policy of scuttle , nor , although Ameri can sovereignty must bo established , even byforce , shall we ever dream of the policy of extermination. Not oppression , nor yet abandonment and desertion ; no , not these , but honoat and fraternal co-operation with the Filipinos for the establishment of a just and stable government , in which the natives shall have ever-increasing participation in proportion to the development of their politi cal experience , the progress of the masses In education and civilization and the evolu tion ot the idea and sentiment of nationality a sentiment and Idea which will bo nour ished and developed by the habit of common action , the Improvement of the means of communication , the freer intermingling of the tribes and races nnd hearty native co operation with the Americans , whose best political traditions are but the realization of the dearest ideals of the Filipino peoples. .SOUTH AFRICAN CLIMATE. Instructive Fnctn Aliout tlie Country AVIiere AVnr Ilelifim. Recent dispatches stated that tbo Boers were waiting lor a couple of days' rain be fore taking the field , a circumstance signifi cant of the climatic conditions of the Trans vaal and of South Africa in general. In most countries , saya the New York Tribune , a heavy rain would be an obstacle to military operations. Thereit is necessary to them , so that the horses may have food and both the horses nnd men may hate drink. The Boers have no commissariat system for their horses , but literally make them live on the country. When the army halts for the night the horses are turned loose to forage for themselves , each having one front foot tightly strapped up to prevent his running awny. Now at this tlmo early spring the plain of the veldt Is almost barren. There haa been little rain during the winter. The gross is dead and tbo watercourses are dry. But In that marvelous climate and on that responsive soil a few days of rain -would fill the streams and cover the land with lush herbage. The winter Is there the dry season and tha summer the rainy season , though excepting near the coast the rainfall of the whole year Is rather scanty , Throughout moot of the Transvaal the midwinter months of July nnd August are practically rnlnlers , the fall amounting to only n small fraction of an Inch. September , too , Is uoually dry. But with the ndvanco of spring , In October and November , tire rnlnfall rnpldly increases , nnd when , nftor Christmas , summer sets In there is a copious supply of from four to six Inches a month. In the whole year nbout one day In six Is rainy. There are , of course , some regions which are- practically arid , But on the whole the country Is as well off for water as , let us say , our own states be tween the Mlealsslppl and the Rocky moun tains. What it needs badly Is a comprehen sive system of water storage and Irrigation , but that is Impossible under the preernt Kiv. ernment , which would consider It blasphe mous In the highest degree. The temperature of the- Transvaal and Orange Free State Is moderate and agree able. The climate is classed as subtropical , though part of the Transvaal lies within the torrid zone. It corresponds In latitude with tbo central part of Australia , the northern part-af Argentina , Florida , Texas and Mex ico. Owing probably to the elevation above the sea , however , the temperature Is more equable and prcsentq less marked extremes than that of other countries In the southern hemisphere. The burning heat of Australia Is unknown in the Transvaal , January U the hottest month , nnd its average tempera , ture ! s 74 degrees , Fahrenheit , In the nhaiie , which Is only half a degree warmer than tbo July temperature of New York. July U the coolest month , with an average of 59 degreei , or about four degrees -warmer than January la New Orleans. The thermometer seldom rlee.i Above $0 degrees nt nny time or falls below 25 degrees. These condition ! ? of climate , added to the productiveness of the cell and the pure and buoyant nunllttcs of the nlr. mnrk the country - try na one eminently well nulled to main tain n dense population nnd tend strongly to discredit the theory Hint na soon ns the gold mines nre worked out there will bo ft general exodus. ' AVATI'MIWAVS AM ) It AII.HOADS , I.oir Itnllronil Union Dvulroy Iliiii liVrMrr. . Chlcnco Now * . Stuyvesnnt Flab , testifying before the In dustrial commission , snld Hint not n'lmlo of cotton had been cnrrlcd Into Now Orleans by boat for three yeans. No one knows the Insignificance of tht Mississippi ilyer as n highway for freight belter thnn the prcM * dent of the Illinois Central , whose road par allels the grent stream for hundreds of miles. Hut It may bo doubted whether Mr , Fish's conclusion thnt railroad rates nro now so low thnt water transportation Is out of the race Is sound. Hnllrond rates are comparatively low. The average freight rnto per ton per mile re ceived by Mr. Fish's ' road In the year ended Juno 30 , for Instance , wns n bare fraction over ,4 cent , nnd the rnllrond thnt receives more than n cent per ton per mile In the United Btntcs la now the exception. Uo- markablo reductions in the ton mlle rata have been made possible ot Into years by lowering grades , IncrenslnR the trntnlond nnd using more powerful locomotives. And recently n very high authority gave bin opinion that still further economies in the cost of transportation by mil wer6 possible , especially by lowering the speed nt which bulky , Imperishable * freights are moved. The effect of this is thnt water transpor tation must bo brought up to the highest standard of economy and efficacy In order to hold its own against -the railroads. The reduced cost of carrying on thp lakes linn been quite as marked na ou the railroads. The waterway which will not permit tha through transportation of freights In great unbroken bulks between Important terminal points cannot bo important. It it were possible to send a largo cargo unbroken by way of Chicago , the cnnnl nnd river to Now Orleans there is no doubt thaf an Im portant part of the grain and flour ex port trade -which now goes to Buffalo by boat nnd thcnco to the seaboard by rail would bo diverted south. The waterway to bo important must have Important termi nals. LINES TO A LAUGH. Somervlllo Journal : The news of the -war In the Transvaal so far has been largely o ( that kind thnt mltrht have been , labeled , "Important. If true.1' Cleveland Plain Dealer : "I see Princes ! Chlnmy Is romlng to this country.-1 "Chlmay for nil I care. " Indlan.TpolIs Journal : "I wonder where I could got a good cook ? " "I don't know ; I will ask the first police man I see. " Chicago Post : "You seem to have a largo number of flags of truce , " said the visitor to the camp. "Yes , " replied the Filipino chief. "Wo find them of great strategical value. " AArashlngton Star : "There's only one ob jection to Mr. Dustln Stux. lie's slightly egotistic. He Is continually using the capi tal I In his conversation. " "That isn't the worst of it. When ha writes the first person singular , ho invari ably uses a little one. " Chicago Tribune : "AVhat Is 'a toiem polo ? " suddenly asked Mrs. Wipedunk , who 'had ' been reading about Alaska. "You ort to knJ > w what that Is from the word Itself , " answered Mr.'AVlpedunks. se verely. "A tote 'em polo Is a lone stick of wood the Chinese peasant puts on his shoul ders when ho wants to carry -two buckets of water. " Detroit Free Press : "AA'hero's your Eng lish friend who came over to sea Sham rock -clean out Columbia ? " i iflHo slipped-over- .Canadaand .enlisted for. the , Transvaal war. He thinks that ex- ' nerlenco will Just about enable hlm-to go home -without ' ' . " being 'Joshed' to ; death. Detroit Journal : "My darling , " cries the hero , throwing off his disguise , "I am he ! " "And I , " falters the heroine , laying aside her maidenly reserve , "am she ! " Meanwhile , the villain cowers in. the cor ner. ner."I am it ! " he gibbers , for ho has gene mad under the strain. Men may come and men may go , and all the -time melodrama in its essentials-Is the same old story. ELECTION DAY DRAWS -XEAH. Washington Star. My hatband's growln' bigger An * I'm walkln' rather proud. I feel like I cut Homo flseer In the hurly burly crowd. No more the politician Overlooks me an' goes past , I'm a man of some position , For I've got a vote to cast. I am honrln' with attention An' with cravlty nrofound ' All the wordH of hot dissension AVhlch are bein' passed around. , My dance Is much severer Than it seemed to bo when last I surveyed It In the mirror. 'Cause I've got a vote to cast. Fur hours through their persuasions ' I ike h. silent Judge I'vcjmt. ' I'll admit there are occasions AVhen I don't know where I'm at. But I see of bluffs no many That I hate to ba outclassed. Mine Is Jest as good as any ; An' I've got a vote to cast. We Tyant the trade of the young men young nien from J 5 to 20 years of age or young men whose chest measure Is from 29 to 35 ihches , At these measurements we have some special inducements for you in LONG PANTS SUITS The vnrloty of patterns Jif doub- 1 ° or.slnjrSo breasted In-.euro to afford latitude for u variety of tltStCB. J V * Sulta tlmt are Btylt9fcr-'Hn6 in quality nnd made Upon- Honor andi wuriuntcd to bo all wool and to tit perfectly , and'-if not the best voluo you ovoiboiignt for 10.00 . , Your Money Back. Don't wait until Saturday to do your traaint , ' , oomo early In the week nnd t our whole attention.