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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 15, 1900, Image 19

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April 15, 11XX).
The Second City
of the Philippines
(Copyrighted, 1900, by Frank G. Carpenter.) foro our ofllclnls suspected whnt wns being
ILOILO, Feb. 20, 1900. (Special Cor- done. .It wns then suggested that tho
respondenco of Tho lice.) Hollo, which Is natives could not uso so many matches
pronounced as though It wero spoiled Elo- legitimately and It was discovered that they
Elo, with tho accent on tho E's, Is tho wero cutting off tho heads and using them
second city of tho Philippines. From tho for powder. A number of their cartridges
way tho town has been treated In tho As- so charged ivoro captured nnd tcatod. It
soclated I'ress and cablo dispatches of tho was found that tho match heads had moro
war correspondents I supp sed It was n cxploslvo power than an equal nmount of
large city. I hnd heard that It had all tho powder. They sent tho balls forth with
way from 30,000 to 300,000 Inhabitants, and such forco that they wero changed Into
that It was tho center of tho sugar and hemp slugs upon striking tho sand, whereas tho
trade of tho Islands. It Is tho chief city of ordinary cnrtrldgo charged with powder
tho cnlddlo Islands of tho nrchlpclago, thb gavo tho balls n mushroam shnpo. Upon
trado center of tho Vlsnyan group, and tho reducing tho amount of match heads one
capital of tho Island of I'anaj', ono of tho third tho effect produced was tho samo as
largest nnd thriftiest of tho Philippines, that of tho usual powder-charged cartridge.
Still It has, with Its surrounding villages, Tho Insurgents hnd nlso refilled tho old
not moro than 10,000 people, nnd tho city cartridges with tho ordinary amount of
proper docs not cover ns much ground ns fulminating powder,
tho county scat of an average Ohio county. a .sniiiplv Outrno.
It Is sltunted on both sides of tho Hollo speaking of tho terror Inspired by tho
river, which Is rather an arm of tho sea bnndlttl, Incidents happen every week which
iiiuu uiiyuuug eisu. mu gruuuu uuuul it ia
low and Hat, running back behind the town
for n dlstalco of somo twelvo miles or
moro boforo tho mountains begin. The
bnrbor Is formed by tho Hollo strait, a strip
of water about six miles wide, running be
tween tho Island of Panay nnd that of
Outmaras, furnishing a a&to nnd deep
nncnorngo lor snips.
Tho lowlands abovo and below Hollo are
covered with cocoanut groves. Thcro are
millions upon millions of trees walling the
shores of tho western sldu of tho Island,
so closo to tho wator that they seem to
rlso right up out of It, forming n stockado
of whlto poles topped with green many
miles long. Hack of this stockado and ris
ing out of It as you approach tho city you
eco tho pplres nnd domes of churches
nnd later on tho walls of a great stcno
fort, nnd then tho town itself, a collection
of low houses roofed with gray galvanized
Iron. Tho most of tho houses nro of white
washed stucco, a fow of wood painted whlto
or In light colors and many uro dilapidated
and In ruins.
You sco ovorywhero tho desolation nnd
destruction caused by tho Insurgents. When
they evacuated the city they set flro to It,
saying that most of tho property belonged
to tho English and tho Chinese, and to burn
It would not Injure tho natives, who lived
chiefly In tho adjoining villages of Molo and
Harrow. So they soaked ovcrythlng with
coal oil and ran from houso to houso with
torches before thoy left. Tho work was
well done, and nearly overy building of
valuo was moro or less Injured. Tho schools
nnd hospital, ns well as prlvato dwellings
and business property of all kinds, were
fired, and In many cases burned to tho
ground. Samo which had a first story of
stono havo since been rebuilt.
Condition of I'niiny.
Similar burning has gono on In most parts
of tho Island of Panay, and although It Is
nominally conquered It will bo a long time
beforo Its peaceful possession can bo ns-
sured. Tho country Is full of bandits and
thieves, nnd there nro bands of guerrillas
who aro traveling from place to place mak-
Ing looting and robbery their business.
Theso men do not respect tho rights of
property of tho nntlvcs any moro than
thoso of tho foreigners. They lovy their
contributions on all, perpetrating tho most
horrlblo murders nnd other crimes. Thoso
who show any sympathy for us are singled
out for death or torture, their houses aro
burned nnd their fnmlllcs murdered. Many
of tho natives would gladly adrpt tho
American government nnd Join with us woro
thoy not afraid of their lives, and such
ofllclnls ns nro nppolntcd by us hnvo to bo
protected In tho exorclso of their office,
Thts will necessitate tho garrisoning of tho
Island for n long tlmo to come. Indeed, It
scorns to mo that thcro will hnvo to bo n
largo American army kept In tho Philip-
pines for years In order to Insure the
progress nnd quiet which must bo hnd If
tho Islands nro to bo Americanized.
I hoard today from an old English
resident hero whnt seems to mo a very
senslblo suggestion. This was that tho chief
roads of tho Island should bo patrolled by
cavalry. Five hundred men, properly
mounted, cruld protect tho main roads nnd
crush every band ns It comes forth from
tho mountnlns. Tho Insurgents nro
cowards nnd they will run If nttnckod by n
forco of nny size. With such protection
tho peoplo could snfely go on with their
work on their plantntl ns, nnd tho banditti,
confined to tho mountains, would soon bo
starved out nnd dlsnppear.
Ono sourco of tho robber bands comes
from tho natlvo eoldlors who wcro omployed
In tho Spanish nrmy. Thero wero about
3,000 of theso. When wo took possession, In
stead of making them pnrt of our forces, as
was, I nm told, entirely feasible at tho
tlmo, wo discharged them and ordered them
to go back to their homes. Thoy had been
serving somo time nnd preferred tho trado
of war to that of agriculture. They formed
bands of guerrlllns nnd slnco then havo been
working with tho Insurgents and Independ
ently raising troublo everywhere.
Miileh-Hcutl CurtiiilKCN.
Panay, nnd especially Hollo, havo beon
tho centers of plotting and scheming
against tho Americans. All kinds of plots
havo been hatched up hero and nil sorts of
means tried to smuggle In arms and nm
munition. Ono of tho most Ingenious
devices was tho Importing of Japancno
matches In order to uso tho heads for re
charging Mauser cartridges. Thirty mil
lion boxes of theso matches passed through
the custom houso here within a month bo-
Bhow tunt ,t ,8 weU founuca. Tako for jn.
stanco tho caso of a boy who waa working
about ono 0l tho cnmp3 , tho neighbornB
,glunU of Cebu Ho wag a qulot mtlo fel.
,ow vcry nnxloua to got 8oraothlng to do,
nnd wanted onlv t0 bo nnowca to mnko a
vjngi H(J waa nctlng as a Bcrvant for ono
of our iloutcnantai whlo ha raother and
Blsters ula washing- for tho soldiers, and hts
fnthor was oraploycd on odd Job9 about tho
camp Ho wa8 warned that Jl0 should icavo
hla p,aC0( but dId not A short tlmo aftor
UlIa ho dsappcared for a week. At tho end
0f that tlmo ho returned, dressed only In n
shirt, with his throat badly cut, his arms
gashed and torn nnd his f&oo scratched nnd
blistered. Upon his forohead, tattooed In
black letters of Indelible Ink, wero tho
words, "Traldor a la Patrla," and on his
chln, pricked In with the samo Ink, was
Tho boy cried bitterly as ho told his
story, begging tho Americans to protect
him nnd his father. Ho said ho had been
told by somo of his acquaintances that
thcro was n party of Americans In tho
mountains who hnd sent for him. Tho men
told him thut If ho would go with them
they would guldo him to tho plajo. Ho
wont. On arriving at tho fosthills ho found
himself surrounded bv a party of tho In-
surgents of his own town. Including Its
former president. Ho wns nt onco seized,
and tho president told him they had en-
tlcod htm to that placo to make an example
,f bim. This man then ordered that tho
boy bo tied up and tattooed. Ho was placod
with his back against a tree His anms
wero tied above tho elbows with ropes and
ho wns raised by theso so that his feet
wcro off tho ground. Another rope wns tied
about liU neck, binding it tight to tho trunk
0f tho tree, and a third around his fore-
head. In this position ho could not move
his head, nnd, so tied, tho tattooing was
Ho wns left for a tlmo on tho tree, with
tho sun beating down upon him and with
tho cords cutting luto tho flesh of his arms
nnd nock. When ho wns taken down ho was
4ntr1 thnt hn must ntnv with thn hand nnd
wnrned that If ho attempted to cscapo thoy
would not only recapturo and kill him, but
would also kill his father. Ho ran away that
night, but slnco then his father has mys-
tt-lously disappeared and it la believed that
tho Insurgents havo carried out their threat
and killed him.
I havo heard of other lnstancee of killing
nnd torture, both hero and In Luzon,
Instances which go to show that thero aro
no moro cruel and bloodthirsty peoplo nny
whoro than tho Filipinos, Instances which
show that they havo the lowest Ideas of llfo
and civilization, and nlso that with ah helr
so-called bravery they aro really cowarde at
heart, who will only nttack In tho dark and
when they know they are comparatlvo.y o
11 WUU1U, 1 UUUUb JJUl, UU IUI (VI, u,
twelvo Americans to travel almost anywhere
on this Islnnd, but ono or two, If they went
unarmed Into somo of tho districts, would
tnko their lives Into their hands. Hero In
Hollo every ono seams kindly disposed and
you would not oupposo that there wan any
thing llko wnr going on.
Country Sccni'H In Pnn,iy,
I mndo an excursion with Lieutenant Van enough Into tho water to cnablo her to fill
Deman of General Hughes' staff out Into the It by laying It down at an nnglo of 45
country near Hollo yesterday. Very Httlo degrees or less, or by sinking It. Tho
of tho region near hero has yet been opened greater pnrt of tho water UBcd In this region
up, but wo found tho peoplo at work in tholr is carried In this way.
fields nnd I had a chanco to sco something nnv tlio Clrl Dive,
of rurnl llfo In this atrango part of our now mt 1tUo w(Uor ,8 UBPd ftt tlll) noll8oa cx.
possessions. Tho houses nro mucn iiko tno
country houses of Luzon. Thoy nro
thatched huts built high up upon posts, with
a placo under each hut for tho chickens and
!lg, and nlso for tho farming tools, If tho
owner Is ao fortunato ao to possess any.
Most of tho houses nro hear tho roads, but
somo nro off In cocoanut groves nt tho sides.
Tho peoplo llvo In most cases high up and
tho nverngo hut Is reached by a ladder of
bamboo poles. Tho ladders alopo upward
l tT J
at an anglo of about -15 degrees. They usually
cmislst of heavy sldo pieces nnd rungs nbuut
ns big nround as your arm and na long as
tho width of tho door. On tho rungs the
women nnd children nit In tho evening as our
peoplo do on their front door ntcps nnd qulto
small babies aro to bo seen thus balancing
themselves nnd crawling up nnd down.
Tho floors of tho houses nro usually of
bamboo sticks split In hnlf, with tho
curved sldo upward. Thero nro crncks be
tween tho BtrlpB, so that Mm averngo
housowlfo docs not need to Bweep, for tho
dirt falls through tho llcor. Theso houses
hnvo no windows. Holes In tho wnlls
about a yard squaro tnko their places.
Sometimes thero Is n thatched shutter
which may bo fitted Into tho holo In time
of rain, nnd In somo cases thcro nro doors
of thatch which may closo tho opening
reached by tho stnlr ladder, but often
thcro nro neither windows nor doors, This,
you sco, relieves tho Filipino of many of
tho troubles of tho American housowlfo.
Sho has no windows to wnsh, no floors to
swoop and no doors which keep flying
opon, Sho has no troublo about her stove
drawing, for sho has no stovo In our sense
of tho word. Sho cooks on n box of ashCB
or In n Httlo clny pot, using somo chips
or sticks for fuel. In most cases, remem
ber, I nm speaking of tho poor. Thero nro
no knives nnd forks to wnBh, for tho
Peoplo eat with their flngors, dipping Into
tho common bowl of rico ubout which they
sauat nnd convoying tho stulT from it
directly to their tnouths. Thoro nro but few
cooking utensils to clean and washday
" " errorfl for tho husband, because- tho
Clonics nro UHunuy uikuu iu mu wuu n
tho nearest stream and tho dirt pounded
out with tho hand or by slapping tho gar
ments upon tho stono.
What would you think of sending your
daughter to tho well with a wator bucket
taller than horsclf. I Baw hundreds of glrlH
carrying buckota of that length this nftcr-
noon. Thoy wore truuging niong mo roim
... i t. il.ni.1 ft tot r anrlnira ivnlla mill
""'"" '.'T'" ;
wcro drying VhoYr buckets
over their shouldors, Just ns you would
carry a polo. Tho Vlsaynn wator bucket Ih
from thrco to six foot deep nnd only nbout
throo or four Inches In diameter. It Is
merely a stick of bamboo, with tho Joints
romoved, except nt tho botttmi, forming n
wooden plpo of tho abovo dimensions. Tho
wntor carrier takes It over her shoulder to
tho stream and usually wades out far
, . cooklnir nnd drinking. Evory ono
goes to tho well or tho crceK wnon no
wishes n bath, nnd from tho numbor of
peoplo I eco bathing In overy strenm I Judgo
that the peoplo aro cleanly. Tho Vlaayans
uro fond of paddling and playing In the
wntor, and you sco boys nnd girls of nil
nges, nnd oven women nnd men, rolling
about in tho creeks nnd tnklng dlvce off the
banks Into tho deepor pools. I saw a party
of n dozen young girls ranging In ngo from
13 to 20 swimming In n pool out In tho
country near hero tho other day. Thoy had
on looso cotton, low-necked mother hub
bards, which tho water had glued as tightly
to their plump bodies ns tho trndltlonnl
paper on tho wall, nnd tholr brown nockB,
fr.cos nnd baro foot shono out In contrast
undor this hot sun of tho tropics. When I
showed them my enmcra nnd told them 1
wanted to photogrnph them diving Into tho
creek thoy laughingly consented nnd ran up
tho bank and Jumped far out Into tho stream
whllo I mado snnp shots of them.
A Httlo farther up tho stream woro sov
oral washerwomen, tho mothers, I suppose,
of tho maidens nt bath. Thoy woro slapping
tho clothes on tho stones of tho crook, try
Ing to pound tho dirt out of them. Somo
wero atnndlr.g up to their waists In tho
water and rubbing tho garments to and fro
with tholr hands. Aftor a pleco was com
paratlvoly c;an It was spread out upon tho
grass to dry, being bleached Into npparont
cleanliness by sprinkling It with wator now
and then.
No Modern AViiiiIn.
I am struck with tho fow wnnU tho Fill
plnos havo. Thoy uso Httlo that tholr own
country docs not supply. They do ovory
(Continued on Eighth Page.)
Omaha's clover coon song nrtlst wIiohc up
pcarauci) In tho EIIh' lionellt call oil forth
such high prnlso from tho crltlcH, will ap
pear today at the Orpheum, where hIiu nmkiM
her profcHHlmml debut, nnd tho liupriMnlim
sho iimkrii will bo gauged by tho reception
her friends give her. MIrh ltrln will appear
In Oinalia tno week only, after which she
will go on tho Orplieum circuit. A rousing
reception does much to encourage nn urtlst
at the outset, and iMIhh Ilrln may bo as
sured that Him may Icavo Omaha with a
HcndofT which has been experienced by fow
young nrtlsts.
All (III I.IHllfN Kilt
Gold Medal
Chocolate Bon Bons
lly Kir'NN,
I, .'lllllll .'l-IMMIMtl llOt-N, II IMHIIIll.
W. S. Balduff,
I .",-( I'liriiiun SI., Oiniilin.
Don'i Worry over Trial Galore
Do you over havo trouble get
ting out your monthly trial
bnlnncu? If so, send 10c In
stnnipn nnd gel tuiinnlc of
"JlooKKRcnnr H I'Tieiin.
AV. T. SpcllM.
W I Hlver, Nell.
No bookkeeper
should bo without It
Household Treasures.
IKIOKIiKT Venlly lioiiml, -iiniirlHliiK
13 Hocelpts IIome-Mndo Candy
V2 HeeelplH Cooking
HI HeeolntH-Medlellinl
Single Conies We. Quantities In societies or
individuals Hie. hi';i,i.h at hiuht.
MIIS. ('. II. ST WKI'Ol.i:, lllxoii, III.
Friend It you nro luteiented In
Dm Occult, then Hend dliiio(tiotit)
lice) for Dr. Niiki'I'h
Tv.'ielieH you Miufiietlo IlcalUm
llypnotlHiii PHvulioloKy. Clair
voym en. Mind KcudliiK, tlioiiKlit.
triiiiHfen'iicit (nn In utiMciit In-ill.
tin.'). VIhIoiim, DreiiniH, Trim Mo
illimi hlil p. II I il d it ii Ticiihiiiuh,
how to Ii fain with IMvIiiIiil' Uod,
Shccohh In IliiHliieHH.ntc. '-'fi pn.-diiy hi your own
oltlco, I.aily orOeiilleiiian, IIiIh m.vHt rfoiiH miur
nzliio will eiiurm you from Man to IIiiIhIi, AddrottH
atoncii. Dr Ph. Naifiil. Unlit. II.. llox illll, llead
liur. l'a.
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