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TITE OMAHA ftAlLY BEEt -FI11DAY, FETIUXJATIY 7, 1002.
Tiie omaha Daily Ber E. ROBE WATER, EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNINO. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. tal!y Be (without Sunday), One Year.. $"0 pally Hee and Sunday, Una Year J-JJ Illumratpd lj-e. One Year 0 ' fcunday bf-e, One Tear J JJJ Katuniay HeB, One Year J 2weulleih Century Farmer, One Year... iOi DELIVERED BY CARRIER, pally Bee (without Sunday), per copy.... to lally Ilea (without Sunday), per week. ...12c Ially Bee (Including Sunday), per week..l7o Sunday Bee, per ropy - Jfcvenlng Boe without' Hondayli per weeh.lUc Jrrnlng He (Including Sunday), , per week 0 Complalnta of Irregularities In delivery Should be addressed to City Circulation De Xiartmont, ' OFFICES. Omaha The Bee Bulldlna-. South Omaha-llty Hall Building, Twenty-fifth and M Streeta. Council Bluffs 10 Pearl Street. Chicago 1S44 Unity Hal Mine . New York Templu Court, t Washington 601 Fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. . Communications relating to new and edi torial matter ahould be addressed; Omaha liee. Editorial Department. s BUSINESS LETTERS. Business letter and remittance ahould be ftddreKsed: The Bee Publishing Company, Omaha. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or postal order, payable to The Bee Publishing Company. Only J-cent lit am pa accepted In payment of mall accounts. Personal check except on Omaha or eastern exchange, not accepted. THE BEE PJjJJLISHINO COMPANY. BTATEMENT OP CIRCULATION. State of Nebraska, Douglaa County, js.: George B. Txschuck, eecretary of The Be Publishing Company, being duly sworn, ays that the actual number of full and compleu copies of The Dally, Morning-, Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the month of January, 1902, was a fol low: ....ftO.SOO ....30,810 30,000 ....BO.llO ... .30,153 ...,30,400 ....so.noo ...B0.820 IS... IT... 18... SO... 21... 22... ....80.1B0 ....S0.230 ...:so,8no ....IW.IOO ..0.430 ... .30,490 ....ao.aoo ....80.1B0 SO.ITO 10 H0.180' .84..... 28.,..... SO.OOO 11. 12. U. It. IB. ..,.80,800 ....80,430,, .;..30.470 ...,,lfM . ....8O.0TO 26.,.. : 2Tii;. 28.... .... ).... 81.... .80,460 ..81, tOO ..SO.OBO ..83.040 ..SO.UiO ..SO.BOO . Total ... w...;..., Vena unsold and returned copies.. .041.0O3 . . Net total sale... 933.07U Net daily average 80,oT .- UEO. B. TZ8CHUCK. Subscribed In my presence and sworn to twfore me thla 1st day of February, A. D., 102. M. B. HUNOATE. Ideal.) . ; ' Notary PubUo. There Is stilt hope that the people of this country enn be kept busy, , kTh ' wntch factory, wag. not burned In' the recent Waterbury n re. If the supreme court will lend an ear to all of Omaha's local contentions. It will hav. no. .difficulty Jji keeping that ear busy nearly t all the time. ., A Michigan man who has Just died 'held the, offlce of postmaster continu ously for fifty -three, years. What an army of men there are who would be willing to try and break, this record. ... General Kitchener telegraphs that he fens captured Dewet's last gun. For all that it will be Jusv as safe for Brit ish soldiers In that district to keep their heads below the 'skylln of the kopjes, as usual. Judge Keysor has held Judicially that Mayor Moores Is not a police 'magistrate. People whd are wont to hurl epithets at the mayor should take due notice that It would be libellous to call him a police magistrate. . A bill lj pending l&jtha Iowa legisla ture to "cut down the width of public highways to the,' necessities of travel. Without question the land thus vacated would be far more useful growing corn than dogfeunel. The reduction of farm mortgages in 6auuders county, Nebraska, during the past month amounted to 120,000. , Pos sibly these figures explain the reason that county showed such a falling off In the calamity vole last fall. It is not always safe to bank on ex pressions of confidence of interested at torneys as to what a court will hold In a pending case.. Every lawyer Is always confident the court will decide In favor of the client on whom bo Is to draw for his fee." . ' Congress hasJns coto'ideted In com mittee the January legislative appropri ation bill but It still awaits action In the house. Friends of congressmen need not be too sympathetic, however, as the current pay of the members has been provided for. European nations are having a great time In trying to prove which of thein blocked the efforta to prevent the United States, from engaging in war with Spajn. A summary of the evidence would Indicate that each and all were thoroughly convinced that any step In that direction would be the same as a connection with a live wire. The Imposition practiced on city and county by surrounding towns that un dertake to unload 'Upon us their Indigent victims of contagious disease requires the serloua attention of the 'authorities. While Omaha and Douglas county bavs constantly suffered more or less from this pernicious practice. It can be over done utJtll the burden of caring for the wards ot other communities becomes al together unbearable. How to wipe out the abuse without stifling all Instincts of humanity Is the perplexing problem. Omaat cannot . afford to have fire coroner If tho expenses of this new office ire to be borne by the tax pay era. ly rights the fire Insurance com panles, should bear this expense. When Kansas City was no larger than Omaha the Insurance companies maintained a salvage corps at the'r own expeuse, and still nialntaln It. The lucrease of the fir force and the addition of a new engine house and equipment will absorb every dollar Omaha can afford to ex pend at this time and ought to satisfy the underwriters,' If they can ever be satisfied with any ron evasion the city may make to lessen their risk. LOVKIAO BACKWARDS.' A man's hindsight la always better than his foresight It Is always much more difficult to forecast than to back- cant It Is easier to tell what might hate been If than It Is to tell what will be w ithout an If. Ex-Senator Chandler, for example, tells the country that Ppaln would have yielded Independence to Cuba without war If "the United States had offered to purchase the Islands and made the tender In terras to which the queen could honorably accede." Former Minister Stewart L. Woodford, who rep resented the United States In Madrid before the outbreak of the Spanish- American war, retorts that he was never authorized to make such a demand for Cuban independence upon the Spanish queen, and If he had made such a de mand be feels sure that he would have been thrown out of the window, diplo matically speaking, without much Span ish ceremony. All of this information will be very Interesting to the future historian, but It does not help ns to solve the Cuban problem as presented under existing con ditions. These back-action speculations and explanations are about as Irrelevant and Immaterial at the claims and coun ter claims of the diplomats of Germany, France, England and Russia to credit for keeping their hands off the United States while Spain was being mauled. Looking backward dispassionately we can concur with ex-Senator Chandler that the war could have been averted by an amicable agreement .with Spain for the purchase of Cuban Independence, but we do not concur with the former New Hampshire senator ,when he says that the liberation of the Philippine Islands Was contemplated as an Incident of the Cuban war by those who precipi tated it Nobody In or , out of congress thought of the Philippines before' war was declared. It Is a matter of history that President McKlnley and his closest advisers were opposed to a tloody con flict with Spain and ra favor of a more humane policy for the relief of Cuba, and even the republican jingoes In con gress would have been Impotent to force McKlnley Into a war had It not been for the shortsighted democrats and populists in congress, who. believed that they would promote their party Interest by forcing the republican administration Into a conflict that, would compel the country to resort to bond issues, war taxes and conscription. For these pur blind partisans the explosion of the Maine, which was charged to the Span- lards without any tangible proof, proved to be a godsend. Had these malevolent partisans . been endowed with ordinary prevision, and had they been guided by the lessons of the past they would surely have fore seen political ruin and disaster for them selves and their party as a natural con sequence of, the war. It is a matter of history that the American people have sustained the party In power In every war whether right or wrong, and It was a, foregone conclusion that In the war with SpoJn the party in power would be sustained by American patriotism to a triumphal ending at every sacrifice, even should It last twenty years. .When the democrats and populists In congress voted to force the war upon McKlnley they voted themselves out of power for a generation. Their action after the war In helping to ratify the treaty of Paris showed that they were still bourbons and will always be bour bons because they never will learn any thing. It was within the power of their leaders to force the modification of the treaty on such lines as would have es tablished an American protectorate for the Philippines, but they helped to ratify the treaty without dotting an 1 or cross ing a t in order to embarrass (the re publican administration that became charged with the responsibility of estab lishing law and order and governing the Islands as part of the United States. In thla they exhibited their bourbonlc wisdom that is akin to Macauley'a de scription of the Puritans, "In order to enjoy the miseries of others, they were willing to punish themselves." '.. LEAMXQ iUDlAX LAXD3. Great care should be taken In the leasing of lands in Indian reservations that the rights and 'interests of the In dians are given Just consideration. Last week the secretary ' of the Interior" signed what is known as the Lemon lease of the Standing Rock Sioux lauds, the lease covering a tract of 780,000 acres In the northwestern portion of the reservation. This action has , caused some criticism. In view of the fact that representatives of the Slonx Inhabitants of the reservation went to Washington and entered a protest against the leas ing of portions of the reservation with out permitting the Indians to choose where the lines should run. In a petl tlon presented to Secretary Hitchcock It was set forth that a brief form of agreement had been signed by the In dlans authorizing the lease ot their unoccupied lands, but with the under standing that they should be allowed to select the land to be leased. Accord ing to the petition, this vital condition was not Incorporated in the agreement under which the Indian office claimed the right to lease two-thirds of the res ervatlon. The Indians aanert that they have never consented to the lease as It has been made. . , The Indians hare taken the matter Into'court aud the secretary of the In terior and the commissioner of Indian affairs have been notified to, show cause why they should not be restrained from approving certain leases of the graslug lands In the Indian reservation of South Dakota. Those officials say that they have acted lu accordance with the law and therefore believe that no Injunction will be issued by the court but there are some opinions that the law has not been compiled with and that the leases would work serious bard ships to the Indians, driving many of them from their homes. There may be no reasonable objection to leasing por tions of the reservations not occupied by the Indians, but it would be highly dis creditable to permit cattlemen to obtain the best portions of the reservations and to Isolate the Indian homesteads and work other hardships to these peo ple. The judicial hearing In the case will more fully disclose the facts of the situation. 1 IRRIGATIVE WILL COME SIXT. The Irrigation bill will be taken up for consideration In the United States senate as soon, as the Philippine tariff bill Is disposed of, which should be within a week, though It Is of course quite Impossible to say when the demo crats will permit a vote to be taken upon that measure. Their 'opposition is purely partisan and political, none of them having In reality, any concern for the Filipinos, but It is a subject upon which they can discourse to an almost unlimited extent and they may be ex pected to fully Improve the opportunity to do so. Everybody understands, bow ever, that the only interest the demo crats have In the Filipinos is what they can make In the way of political capital The fact of the senate agreeing to take up the Irrigation bill when the pending measure Is out of the way gives encouraging promise that something will be done In the way of legislating upon this Important matter at the pres ent session. The measure Introduced by Senator Hansbrough Is the one framed by the senators and representa tives of the states having arid lands and It will doubtless undergo radical amendments, a considerable opposition to It In Its present form being already shown. However, its consideration will bring the question fully before the country and. Invite the thorough public discussion of It which Is to be desired. Interest In the .subject is unabated in the west no other topic taking prece dence of It in the attention of the peo ple of the arid land states. Among the Indications of this is the fact that the governor of Utah proposes to call a conference of the practical irrigators of that state to discuss the proposed legislation. There appears to be a pretty general feeling of confidence that the present congress will do something for promoting the reclamation of the arid regions. - i g" TARIFF AXD COMMERCIAL TREATIES. The subcommittee of the senate com mittee on foreign relations has con cluded that the power to make com mercial treaties lies with the president and the senate and that the fact that such treaties Involve questions of tariff does not render It necessary that the house of representatives should .have equal opportunity to consider them. Doutless this view, very strongly set forth In the recent speech of Senator Cullom on the question will be sustained by the senate. The bouse ways and means committee was directed to con sider and report upon the question and a report from It will probably be sub mitted very soon after the report to the senate which Senator Spooner haa been authorized to prepare. If 'the'' house ahould assert its' right to consider treat ies affecting the tariff an Interesting Issue will be made between the two branches of congress,' the possible con sequences of which cannot easily be for- seen. Yet the question Is one which It Is desirable should be settled and finally disposed of. As was pointed out by Sena tor Cullom It has been raised from time to time for over a century, but neither chamber has ever brought the question to a direct and unmistakable Issue. Whenever thd subject has been con sidered in the past the house of repre sentatives has always insisted upon Its powers, but It baa never declined to make an appropriation to carry out the stipulations of a treaty. Now there Is pending In the senate several reci procity treaties, negotiated under the Dlngley law and affecting the duties of that act A reciprocity treaty with Cuba la proposed which if negotiated would reduce the tariff on sugar and tobacco Imported from that island. Ef forts are making to secure a commer cial treaty witft Canada. All this is a matter of great Importance to the coun try and gives extraordinary significance to the question whether the president and senate have power to make and put Into effect such treaties Independ ent of any consideration and action on the part of the house of representatives. It has been suggested by the advocates of Cuban reciprocity that In case the house refused to reduce the duties on sugar and tobacco the executive would be justified In negotiating and the sen ate In ratifying a treaty with Cuba which would reduce the tariff on Cuban products In the United States. There Is Indicated In this the importance of a definite settlement of the rights of the house In relation to commercittt treat ies affecting the tariff. The Philadelphia Press Is of the opin ion that it would be a grave public mis fortune if an Issue of this character touching upon the powers of the house and senate were to rise upon the par ticuiar question relating to Cuba. It argues that In such a contest the up per chamber would be backed by pub lic sentiment There are many, how ever, who will think that In a matter involving perhaps the existence of large and valuable American Industries the popular branch of the congress ought to have some voice and It Is by no means certain that In such an Issue the senate would be backed by public sentiment At all events, the question having been raised there will perhaps never be a more favorable time to have It settled and If possible filially deposed of, The Union Pacific has made another magnificent showing of increased earn ing power. Other transcontinental rail roads, and In fact all the roads west ol the Missouri, are equally prosperous With such favorable conditions the raJl roads should be willing at least t nay their Just proportion of state and loo a I taxes. There is no more reason hy the property of railroad compa mles should bo exempted from local taxes than the property of any other corpora tion or Individual that enjoys the bene fits of Are aud police protection and all be Incidentals pertaining to municipal and county government On, this point the various communities in the west which are heavily taxed to keep up mod ern government have a standing griev ance that must sooner or later be reme died. In declining to permit the public library to be tmed as an agency for the propagation of the Christian Science cult the Public Library board has only applied a salutary rule It has enforced ever since the establishment of the In stitution. There is no more reason why the public library should be used to disseminate Christian Science doctrines than that the public schools should teach Christian Science in the class rooms. The library board has repeatedly refused offers of literature from Individ uals and societies bent on promoting agnosticism, socialism, prohibition and various Isms or religious tenets, and so long as it treats all alike, without favor or discrimination, they have no right to complain. . , The president's order against employes and officers of the government lobbying at Washington promises' to strike In an unexpected place-- For years a potent source of scandal has been the "In fluence" which certain officers of the army and navy brought to bear on the authorities In their behalf. Thla class has discovered that the order hits them and there is considerable alarm In con sequence. Tl officers who rely for pro motion on merit rather than pull will hare no cause to regret a ruling which promises to put an end to favoritism. ' For years It has been the common be lief that only In Europe could the finest breeds and the finest specimens ot the various breeds of cattle be found, and as k result many head are annually. Im ported. Now comes Secretary Wilson with the declaration that the best cat tle In the world are to be found In the United States, 'it would be strange If there were not at least a measure of truth In this, statement .The Importa tion year after year of the very best of European cattle cannot fall in time to produce that result At the present rate of procedure the congressional committee should be able at an early day to learn all that Com missioner Taft knows about the Philip pines. , The only trouble Is that so many congressmen who have never been there think they know more about the condi tions prevailing In the, Islands than Mr. Taft does, while the. congressman who spent thirty days there Is absolutely certain Mr. Taft knows nothing about the subject ' " ' The Taxpayers' , league of South Omaha publicly; congratulates Itself on the success attend lag 'Its efforta at ex posing crookedness In' the South Omaha school board. The lea cue should, how ever, show no partiality. It Is notorious that the school board is by no means the only bed of official corruption In South Omaha. We would suggest that the league could earn" several 'big credit marks by getting after crooked asses sors. 'The sultan of , Turkey has had his brother-in-law tried and sentenced to be executed. There would be nothing strange about this If It were not for the fact that the condemned man was In France when' the trial was held. , To people In English-speaking countries such a proceeding would appear strange. but In .Turkey It Is " commonplace. No suspense Is Inflicted by waiting on the deliberations of a jury In that land. A Day IReckeslig, Philadelphia, Ledger. The order " that ' government employes must not pester the" politicians . for ap pointments seems to need an appendix, to the affect ' that the; politicians must not pester the employes' for contributions. Where Wet Flut the Cola. ' I - Waahlng-ton Post. ' Mr. Tillman certainly made a great sac. rifles of exactness for oratorical explosion when he declared we were engaged In money-grabbing in the Philippines. We started, by planting 820,000,000 there and hav been engaged in shoveling it out ever lncc. A Blara at the Tlmea. Chicago Poat. Let every person sign that petition that prays' congress t allow poor Ix to wear blankets and calcimine his classic features. We have almost killed off the red man with our schools and our soap; we would wipe him out entirely If we took away his blanket and paint pot. The Hlataar Ueaera-ttoa. Baltimore American. The. limit of. precocity seems to hav been reached in Chicago, where a ll-year old girl found her long lost mother and gave the latter . a fortune. Tbs smart, . up-to- date child of the age is reversing all the traditions of the past and parents are humbly what their children make them.. Railroad Eateaslea la tba West, Minneapolis Journal. Announcement Is mad of a number of projected railway extensions in the Dakota by the Milwaukee. Boo and Northern Pa clflo systems. All of the proposed line will enter territory that ha need of rail way communication and will tend to bring In population. Every railway extension In the northwest should be hailed with delight by the buslnesa men of Minneapolis. Mors railway mileage mean more peopl and mora people mean more consuption, mora demand for manufactured article and In creased trade. Ualta a Healthy lafaat. Minneapolis Time. It I a real pleasure to not the continued prosperity, of the steel trust. A little while ago w had report covering nine months of the concern' existence, and now w hav an for ten. The trust still thrives, and lu proa pec ts are excellent. W are informed that the business bow booked and of which shipment la being called for faster than It can be supplied amount to more than half the total com bined annual capacity of all the eon tltuent companies. Ja other words, the trust could mak money and keep busy well along toward 190J without taking an other order. Concessions to Cuba t Bt. Ioula Olobe-Democrat. History will be 'searched In vain for an expenditure will be nearly balanced. We Instance of national gvnaroetty equal to must be Just to our own taxpayers before that shown by the United State toward listening to new and more ultra schemes the Inhabitant of Cuba. This country has of gennroelty to Cuba. And w must b glvea freely of It blood and treasure to fair and consistent toward - our own In- llberate the Island, hVs cared for It dnr- dustrlea. Protest entirely reasonable are Ing the military period that neresrsrlly heard from grower of Americas euxar and followed the relinquishment of ownership tobacco against exceptional favor to Cuba, by Spain, ha assisted It to act for Itaolf toon to be a separate and competing na- In forming the Independent government It tlonalttr. These American Industrie desires and 1 now ready to retire, leaf- rightly feel that no auch discriminative ing the new republic to shape It own po- burden should be placed upon them. The lltlral future. If the Cubans wished an- republican party ha never surrendered one nexatlon as a territory they would hav Jot of It faith In a protective tariff, or received a favorable response, but It has admitted a wedge to reduc It to a fast been their preference to found a little sa- and loose policy. tlon of their own, and the peopl of this Cuba could, by It own free volition, be- country, while believing that the Cubans come a territory of the United States, shar- have not chosen for their best interests, Ing the freedom of trad prevailing among are simply awalttng the day when our flag our own state. That relatloa would se- ahall be brought down in the Island and cure at one the firmest confidence in It the Cuban flag take it place. We hav no Indemnity account against Cuba. We shall leave it with a cash balance In It treas- nry, a moderate tariff system that pro- duces a working revenue, a reorganised postal system and sanitary Improvement and regulations of the highest value. We hall bid Cuba godspeed and when we sail away It must face, by it own choice, the national and International duties of sep arate sovereignty. But this liberal treatment, occupying a place apart la International annala, is not enough, says a certain element In wis United States whos opinion In all cases cannot be presumed to be disinterested, for what they further propose to concede to Cuba would disturb an economic principle ot the party In power, the same party that was In control throughout the war leading to open our markets on favorable terms to i Cuba's freedom. Ws should do . mora for what w do not ourselves produce In for Cuba as a nation, say those special return for free foreign markets." That Is pleaders, and what t,hey suggest Is a pre- as far as the republican party has de ferential tariff that would. Injuriously af- clared Itself. To make an exception In feet some of aur own industries. Congress behalf of Cuba or any other Independent will wteely abolish tho remaining war taxes and then government receipts and RETIREMENT OF GAGE. Fear Tears at the Head of aa Opoleat Treasary. " Springfield (Mas.) Republican. Lyman J. Oage retired Saturday from the office of secretary of the treasury after a service therein extending over five years. lacking about one month.- Hla administra tion of the most Important" of the executive departments of the government has been attended ' by the highest degree of pros perity ever known la the fiscal affair of the nation, and In crediting thla ' very largely to the ' great industrial revival among tho people, we are nof apt to forget the generally wise and statesmanlike di rection of th treasury which has been that of Mr. Gas. 4 - Adverse conditions are needed to prove the possession of the highest financial ca pacity, and hence It is that secretaries who have successfully directed the offlce during times ot financial stress and reconstruction stand out in tho country's history most conspicuously a great financier ffamll- ton, Gallatin, Chase, McCulloch and Sher man. . Mr. Oage'a task baa beea , less serious than that which confronted any of those mentioned. He fell upon times ot the utmost plenty. . His problem was, not to restor or lift up the government credit so much as to handle a - bothersome sur plus no small matter. But there can ho no question that In Air. Gage ' the country has had a finance minister of the first order, of capaolty -and one equal to all emergencies v "' t . 1 ... He ha made, mistakes. ' One not of financial order waa In lending himself to tho defense of the blow delivered against the merit system In May of 1899. Tho other strictly of a financial order was In borrowing money , for. the Spanish war wholly on long-time bonds, instead of In part on short-time treasury notes, as he was authorised to do by congress; in conse quence ot which no mean ot disposing of the after-war surplus was left -except to buy up unmatured bonds at a high premium. But, oa the whole. It Is an enviable record he leave behind." Hi direction of the Treasury department will long be Iden tified with the most opulent treasury situa tion ever experienced by the national government. He haa earned a rest, and a cordial publlo Interest In hi welfare will follow him Into his retirement to' private lif. - PERSONAL NOTES. . , ; Secretary Cortelyou and Judge Day will prepare a Ufa of William McKlnley. it will be an exhaustive and autuorltatlv work. .. '." ,. ' m . t. v -v i William N. Clutejof Binghartton. N. Y.. the editor of th only American publlca- im uotuiou v" -"- - - ' I many year ot atudy to thla special depart' ment of botanical lor W. N. McMillan, a nepnew oi senator McMillan, and one OI tne ncne.i young men in St. Louis, aUrted last Thursday on a tiger hunting trip, during which ho will traverse tho desert of Sahara, Tho crown prlnc of Germany, at present ! at school at Bonn, play the piano and sing well, and ias Inherited hi father poetic talent, as is shown in a little poem recently ' printed in " Germany, entitled "Spirit of Evening." Among th pictures that adorn th walls of Emperor William's yacht. HohenioJlern, which 1 on its way to the United States, Is" a portrait of Admiral Farragut in tho familiar pose of watching th progress of th battle of Mobil from th shrouds of hi flagship. - ' s When asked, by hi publisher la Copen hagen -to writ a short autobiography BJornstJerae BJornson is said to have sub mitted th following: "I wns bora in 1S33 at Christiana; have been killed many time, th last tlm being In November, 1901, but I I am not yet quit dead." ", Dr. C. H. Roberts, a retired millionaire of Pouglikeepsl, K. ., had as hi maxim that "no man haa a right to consume mor than he produce," and living up to that prin ciple he educated hi children' hand aa well as their heads and, when they left school, he required each to learn a trade. Lieutenant Frans von Preuachen, an offi cer ot th Austrian cruiser Szlgntvar, at present at New Orleans, Is a grandson ot General Henderson, who waa governor of th Texas republic, and an ambassador from th UU1 republic. In 1838-37, to Eng land and Franc, and hi mother was a native born Texaa woman. Ex-Governor George S. Boutwell observed hi eighty-second birthday In a quiet man ner at hi horn In Oroton. Mass., last Tuesday. He received many calls from hi friends and neighbors, and congratulatory letter and telegram and many flower added to the pleasures or tn occasion. Even hi antl-lmperlallst friends did . not neaiect him. but sent tribute of their high regard and consideration. Robert Louis, Stevenson was particularly attached to th "v" In hi nam and ut terly avers to tha "ph" form of spelling. Letters of admiring autograph hunters did not often draw him, but on day In Samoa a letter arrived containing praise so Judic iou that be said: "That I must answer.1 Then his ey caught the envelope, ad dressed to R. L. Stephenson. "Step bene, S:cs-en-son!" h cried, and. crumpling the offending missive, Sung It on th Ore. future government and attract American capital In Immense sums. But Cuba has decided to be a separata republic. Be It so. We have performed far mor than our duty toward Cuba. We can not pamper It and get the return to be expected from a spoiled child. It is not our business to provide concession for Cuba simply be- cause It la Cuba. The lalasd will soon be foreign soil under Its own president and congress, with Its own fiscal and other pol icies. The latest republican national platform saya: "W renew our faith In the policy of protection to American labor. In that policy our industries havs been es- tabllshed, diversified and maintained." As to the general principle of reciprocity the platform declares: "W favor the asao- elated policy ot reciprocity so directed ss nation would be an Injustice in govern- meat as well as party stultification. ROCIfD ABOUT HEW. YORK. Ripple la th Carreat of Idfo la the Metropolis. A writer In World' Work enumerates th many public apd setnl-publlo Improve ments now under way In the greater city. When completed they will largely trans form the metropolis and they axe to be followed hy other Improvements of equal magnitude. Tho writer assert that the city Is belt rebuilt on a seals surpassing the dreau of progressive Knickerbockers. Brick and timber an atone filled' th streets, along with th big ateel girders for the new constructions. Thl went on up town and downtown till there is . a wide line of desolation and destruction from the Battery to tho Bronx. But rising out of the devastation here - and there . Is th uclr framework which presages the newer city. Monstrous office buildings with thirty stories above ground and with five stories beneath th street level, each accommodat ing more busy people than all the main streets of many an inland town fill th lower end of the Island. Uptown vast apartment structures spread out over acres of ground and, rising fifteen or twenty stories, house Individual cities of people. Down - through the city from end to end. digging and blasting . and drilling, thou sands of men are building th greatest sub way in the world, which will cost more than $50,000,000, cutting through rock, min ing underground and throwing havoc to right and to left all along ita course. Stretch ing out across the East river, la tho new bridge larger than tho older Brooklyn bridge which will cost $15,000,000. It Is only one of several which are projected. Up at Jerome park a new reservoir which will cost $15,000,000 Is being hurried to com pletion, .and farther out Is th growing Cornell dam. . New piers are being built all along the water front for the foreia-n trade, which Is only Just beginning and of which New York will be tho central port. Small parks are being made to give the con centrated population of the lower districts breathing space. A speedway and boule vards are furnishing open roadwaya to re place the truck-crowded main thorough fares. From the center of Brooklyn electric cars will shoot at fifteen miles an hour or more under the East river and up Manhat tan Island. Meanwhile, up and down the stem of the T, through the busiest part of Manhattan, will fly expresses as fast as thirty-five miles an hour. By 1904 a worker at the crowded lower end of Manhattan Island will bo able to reach a distant home with speed and comfort. The "rush hour" ,wia no lODer iormer terrors. ! - - .. .. ... . .. lav new image, so-canea, omciauy k N . .T. ,t" pletenee. Ferry passengers cran their necks at the inldurr structure nil frnia the old bridge Brooklynlte gaxe, morning ;.Dd -renin, over to the acrambllna- figure. at work on it Completed it will bo to most bridge of its length aa the flat side of a plank to th edge Its claim to dis tinction Is Its width. There ar bridges longer, though from anchorage to anchor age it measure nearly 2,800 feet; there are bridge higher, though It rise 336 feet, and1 a mast 134 feet high could clear Its main span by a foot; there are longer spans. though it spring 1,600 feet from tower to tower, but there Is no other long bridge so wide 118 feet. Across a double-decked structure will pass on the upper deck two stream of foot passengers and two flies of bicycle riders, and oa th lower two pro- - ' fir; ".,.,.. r-7 'J? '''- - "-" - '' ' 1 J''-.-. '-T1' I ii'ii'inT". 't if if - Oceans of Hair! Long, flowing tresses! Rich and heavy' braids 1 Beauty, splendor, elegance! Ayer's Hair Vigor makes the hair grow. -It always restores color to gray hair, stops falling of the hair, keeps the scalp clean and healthy. " I hav tried many kinds of hair preparation, hut none of them will reator : natural color to gray hair equal to AVer's Hair Vigor.1' , Mr. M. J. MaXcvm. SomncVl Miss, '. tLM. AHararfWa.- cession of wagon and six string ot cars, two elevated and four electric. The two other bridges ar already begun. No. 1 will cross tho Eaat river Just above th old bridge. No. 4 will hav its piers on Blark-' well a Island. Both will oKer accommoda tions similar to those of the "new" bridge, but, whereas No. t la a suspension bridge, a tew feet wider and, Including approaches, a quarter of a mil lonaery No. 4 ts a canti lever structure, a trifle smaller. No. 1 la coating $16,000,000; So. 3 will cost $18,000, 000; No. 4 but $12,500,000. Th old-time bootblack, with his llttl box slung on his back, has almost disap peared from the streets of New York. He I chiefly seen now In th office buildings, vi her he goes around and scatters shines In th office themselves. He has lost much of hla street business, reports th Tribune, because of tho superior conveni ence of tho chairs which capltallata la th shining business hav set up on th corner. Even thee were far from being th final expedient and they In turn suffered from th shining magnate who hired llttl base- -ment. fitted them with chairs, offered ' shelter and shines together and sold shoestrings.- What bootblacks there are' left usually wear lettered caps, with numbers and th names of companies' '-' It ts hard to say whether all this ha com about through th extension-of the Italian padrone aystem or through th mod ern tendency toward trusts. But th bual . ness has now taken still another tep. A company, with a main offlce and a charter, offer to send its bootblacks to th houses of Its customers to shlno the shoes of oo or sny number of persons, th boy to call at a certain hour of stated day In th week ajid days and a many as th customer may select without giving- th customer the slightest ' trouble of sitting In a chair and losing tlm or so much as putting his foot on a box while he goes on with hi work. Payment Is to bo made tn tickets, which are to be had only at tha mala office, and they come cheaper if you buy a lot. If you insist on having your -shoes ahlned before 8 a. ra. there la ' an extra charge. Alio a distinction ia mad between a shin and a polish, th former costing 5 cents and the latter 10 cents.' And so tha man with money I taken car of mor and more. The tlm is com ing when he will live in an upholstered -box and his food and drink and amusement will all be brought and placed where h -cannot mis them. And yet th tlm was when good King Arthur stole barley meal and mad hi own pudding and th queea got up in th morning to fry th remnants of It. WHITTLED TO A POUT. Brooklyn IJfe: Bhe Hava you nearer been tempted to give up literature? . Author No such luck I've always been compelled to Stick to Itl Chicago News: "Yes, mum," said th tramp, who had devoured the aecond pie, "In the old days I used to be an engraver an' If I only had the tools" "Don't lec that bother you," Interrupted the old lady, as she picked up the ax and saw; "here are the tool for a wood-cut. Now get to work." , . Philadelphia Press: "Poor woman! Hh works hard all day and then she up nearly, all nlKht with the babies." "What's the matter with her husband T Why doesn't ho help herT" "Oh! he nut In all his tlm agitating for an eight-hour day for the working man." Cleveland Plain Dealer: "I sea that Orover Cleveland haa returned home with a fine bag of duck." "Grover used to bo very Clever at pull ing down both kinds." ... "Both kind?" i . , , "Lame and dead." f -" 'Washington Star: "That new neighbor of ours works at night," aaid tha man who delights lii being mean. "Isn't that lucky?" -i "I don't ae what dlffereno., Jt; maJces . to you." replied hi wife. f "S "Why, he haa to sleep lata In tha' morn- , Ing. I won't have to ret up, so early In order to disturb hla rest by, shoveling now." Chtcaaro Post: "8 ho seems to be grow- Ing lopsided." "Yea She' been a mod deal In the company of a fellow who -doesn't know any better than to grab her by th arm and try to help her along by hoisting on shoulder out of plumb." COXTIXIED IW OIK NEXT. J. J. Montagu in Portland Oregonlan. Tho brave and gallant officer 1 hanging bj . hi teeth Upon a rope, a precipice yawns, down and down, beneath. Th Indian leans far out above and. clasps a keen-edged knife. If he ahould cut that rope our friend would i lose hi grip on life. Look! Look! He parts a alnglo - Strand, the officer still oilngs. But if he dared take of! hi teeth he'd say unpleasant things. Aha! the wind coma up, and See! th rope begins to creak; But now th chapter's dona, and we may read th rest next week. , The lowly office boy has sought hi a tern employer out. - -Upon his noblo face we sea a look of pain and doubt; W gather from hi attltuda that b has . bravely planned v To auk the scowling gentleman for hi young- daughter's hand. Th moment 1 a trying one. If h succeed or fall , Determine quit conclusively' th outcome of th tale. -' i Th girl I hidden In th hall, half hopeful. half perplexed; The boy aays: "Sir. I'd Ilk to hav"'' (Continued In our next). . , -...if. Th poor but lovely heroine, whoa lif of misery Ha laated sixteen year and been a thing most ad to ee, , Is waiting at her lawyer's, with a patient ' face, until Soma news shall be afforded her , of her lata uncle's will. . Tha money rightfully I her, but If ahe's ' come too lata Sha must, perforce, continue up against - the same old fate. Th lawyer atepa In through the door: hi countenance 1 vexed. He aays: "My dear young .friend, - thl . will" (Continued In our next). i. C. AYE! CO., Lawdi, lUss,