Newspaper Page Text
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: FIUPAY, AriUL, 25, 1002.
Tiie Omaha Daily Bee: E. ROSEWATER, EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. TERMS OF SL'BHCRIITION. pally Be (without Hunanyn one Year.J4.no JJaliy iier ana ounday, one Year t Illustrated tier, unc year it M Sunday Br-, One Year ill PaturoHy Dee, Une War l av twentieth Century Farmer, One Year.. J DKI.IVKHKD UY CARRIER. Dally Bee (almoin Runday). uer copy.. 2c , iaily Bee (without bunuayj, per wrcK..ltt iJaily uee (including tiunday), per week. lie Hunuay eo, per copy oc Lvcnuig tiee (without Hunday), per week.luc vening Bee (including Sunday, per week 15c Complaints of Irregularities In delivery ahojio. be addressed to City Circulation Le- sartmeat. OFFICES. Omaha The Bee Bulldlnav Boutli Omana l'H- nail building, Twen- O'-mtn ana m streets. Council Hluns lu tearl Street. Cnicago imo Unity Building. hew iork Temple Court. Washington aui Fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. Communlcatluna relating to news and (ditorlal matter shouiu be addressed (jmaha Bee, Editorial ijepartmeni. BUSINESS LETTERS. Business letters and remittances should fx addressed: The Bee .Publishing Com' fany, Omaha. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or postal order, payable to Tho Bee Publishing Company. .Only X-cent stamps accepted In payment of man accounts, personal checks, except on vmajia or eastern exchange, not accepted, . IHil BElfi PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. Bute of Nebraska. Douglas County, as. Ueorge B. Tsschuck, secretary of The Be ruoiianing company, being ouiy sworn, ays that the actual number of full and complete copies of The Dally, Morning, Svenlng ana 8unday Be printed during ue mourn or. Marcn, wuz, was a rouows t. 2,v70 a y,7M t. xu.tuo 4 0,TTO I SW.413U 2V.SWO 1 a.B2o S,40U 2W.TOO JO UU.4AO 11 a'j.ooo U 3U.370 13 M..2,40 14 au.oao iS 2,TO IS. 20,600 17 ,B30 U U 2W,030 30 ifU.BlH) 21 JtU.BlO 22 KU.BUO 23 HU.OoO 24 8,1U 26 .....3t,Bt0 24 2U,B0O 27 Sflt, 680 28 20,040 29 8U.B40 so ao.ooo U....M 8tt,40 Total V It, 420 unsold and returned copies.... W,t07 Net total sales 907,813 Net dally avers- JMVTT GEO. B. TZSCHUCK. Subscribed In my presence and sworn to for m this 3lst day of March. A. D. 1202. QlOdRfllO iourioaru (Seal.) Notary Pubiia The battle for tax reform has only Just begun. Governor Savage Is heavy on reprieves Iwitb jugbandle conditions. The clubwomen have the right of way from Omaha to Los Angeles. w - Indiana republicans have sounded the keynote for the. next presidential cam paign. Cuban potatoes are selling at $10 a barrel In Chicago. Can't congress re peal the differential? Members of the ReaJ Estate exchange dhould remember the motto, "Keep your Jjead cool and your feet warm." Omaha still continues to march proudly next to the head of the column gunong pork packing cities of America. Money may make the mare go down 5a Mississippi, but it takes coin to move an electric motor car In the city of Washington. A United States senator who would engage In a scuffle with a street car conductor over a nickel ought to be relegated to the back woods of Mis sissippi for the balance of bis days. Omaha's claims for the fusion state Convention were not pushed to any con siderable degree. It would not have been safe, as Omaha Is a stronghold of democracy, with a very, very slight pprlukllng of populists. Now that the supreme court has learly denned the methods by which the value of a franchise can be ascer tained for assessment purposes, the State Board of Equalization ought to have no difficulty in arriving at a cor rect conclusion regarding the assessment af railroad, telegraph and telephone com panies. In the light of the supreme court de cision the assessment of that part of the Fast Omaha bridge which Is within the Corporate limits of this city at the rate At which the structure would sell for craplron and firewood would seem a stupendous farce. The bridge and ap proaches were mortgaged some years Ago at $2,000,000 but were turned In for Assessment at something like $7,000 per anile. New Yor congressmen are awfully Sensitive. The mere intimation from a Js'ew York puper that they are mere dummies has roused one of the repre sentative from the American metropo lis to rise to a question of privilege And waste five mluutes of the precious lime of the house In self vindication. A little thing like that would scarcely feave touched the cutlcule of a member fnxu. the wild and woolly.. " Through a Ho Springs hot air dally ISre learn that the nuxtt enthusiastic In terest of the. self-styled .National Edi torial association centered lu Its selec tion of Its place of meeting next year. The battle was a clean cut one, the rep resentatives from each of the contending cities expressing their claims tu an Im pressive, strenuous manuer, but the two South Omaha reporters who spoke for the press of Nebraska's metropolis car ried the day triumphantly. -One of the features of the trip to Omaha next year drill be an extended trip through the Tellowstone National park. And this was all thst the deadhead junketeers, urbo do not stand for a single first-class pewspsper In America, were striving for. Jt may be Interesting also to know that they did not give Omaha preference until the geueral passenger ageuts bad yielded to the Importunities of these valiant rough writers to extend their pxcuraloa privileges from Omaha to the Plack Hills and Tellowstone, A MOST BIOHTEOVS DECISION. In granting the peremptory writ order ing the clfy council to revise Its action In the equalisation of Uie taxes of the franchisee! corporations of Omaha the state supreme court has rendered a rlglitoous and far-reaching decision. The doctrliife of taxation as enunciated by the supreme court Is In accord with the letter and spirit of the constitutional provision that subjects the property and franchises of corporations to an equal share In the burdens of taxation that Is Imposed upon the property of Individ uals. By declaring void and unconstitu tional that part of sectloa 32 of the reve nue act which requires the assessor to deduct the amount of corporate in debtedness from the actual value of the taxable stock and real estate owned by corporations the supreme court has re pudiated the Iniquitous doctrine that the mortgages on public coriwu-ntlons own ing franchises shall le deducted from the aggregate valuation of their prop erty while the mortgages on the real es tate of Individuals and private corpora tions are not considered as In any way diminishing the taxable value of their property. In declaring that the value of a fran chise can be readily ascertained by add ing together the bonds and stocks of the corporation at their market value and deducting therefrom the value of the real and personal property of the fran- chlsed corporation the supreme court has not only emphasized the provision of the constitution that franchises con stltute a valuable asset of a corporation and are subject to taxation the same as Is their real and personal property, but It has Issued specific Instructions to as sessors and boards of equalization how to figure out the value of a franchise. Equally, If not more Important, Is the ruling of the court that It Is Immaterial what the ratio of assessment is to the actual or market Talue of taxable prop erty so long as It Is uniformly applied to all classes of property. In other words. If the general assessment ' Is at 40 per cent then all classes of tangible property and all franchises must pay taxes on 40 per cent of their actual or market value. Under the ruling of the court boards of equalization are in duty bound to level all assessments to the established standard without reference to the in crease or decrease of revenue such ac tion may produce. With the clear cut enunciation of the principles governing taxation In Nebraska, the way to equity In the distribution of tax burdens ia clear, and no additional legislation or revision of the revenue laws could Im prove it. The beneficent effects of the decision are by no means confined to the taxpayers of Omaha. They cover the entire state and should be hailed with gratitude by every citizen inter ested in Its progress and prosperity. PROTECTION AND BECIPBOC1TY. The republicans of Indiana adhere to protection and also favor reciprocity under such conditions as shall , not in terfere with home production. That is in accord with the policy defined by President McKlnley. The Indiana plat form further favors modifications of the tariff schedules as changing conditions may require, but such changes shall be In line with the fundamental principle of protection. This is the position taken by the republicans of Iowa In their last state platform land we think repre sents the view of republicans very gen erally. It will not be questioned that some of the tariff schedules could now e modified without doing violence to the principle of protection, but, there Is a reasonable apprehension that to undertake a revision of the tariff at this time would more or less seriously disturb business. As to reciprocity, there seems to be no probability of Its receiving any atten tion at the present session of congress, but It may be remarked In regard to the treaties negotiated under the Mc Klnley administration and now in the senate that they were made with a view not to interrupting home production, the concessions In almost every Instance being less than authorized by the Ding ley law. REPUBLICANS AND THE TRUSTS. The plank of the Indiana republican platform which will command most at tention and which will be approved by all republicans Is that which declares opposition to trusts or combinations whoso purpose or effort Is to restrict business or control prices. This is in accord with the position of the repub lican party since the trust issue became prominent In public attention. Four teen years ago, in the national conven tion of 1888, the party placed itself on record In opposition to all combinations of capital, organized in trusts or other wise, to control arbitrarily the condi tion of trade and recommended to con gress and the legislatures of the states "such legislation as will prevent the execution of all schemes to oppress the people by undue charges on their sup piles or by unjust rates for the trans portation of their products' to market." In response to this a republican con gress In 18U0 enacted and a republican president approved the anti-trust law now In effect aud which the administra tion Is taking steps to enforce. Everywhere republicans are opposed to couibluatlous to restrict business or control prices aud favor such legislation for their regulation and supervision as will prevent abuses. In the meantime they approve the effort of the admin istration to enforce the laws against Illegal couibluatlous and will approve the demand of the Indiana republicans "that administrative officers, state and national, shall enforce the laws in the most vigorous manuer, so that legiti mate competition shall ot be embar rassed or destroyed." ltepubllcans, bow ever, do not favor a rash and reckless policy of destruction in dealing with the combinations. As has been said by President Roosevelt, "the mechanism of modern business Is so delicate that ex treme care must be taken not to inter fere with it in a spirit of rashness or Ignorant." TtU most iajwtaat auc - tlon, affecting all our Industrial and commercial Interests and far-rrnching, demands careful and cautious consld eratlon. Only Ignorance that Is Inca pable of apprehending consequence wll counsel a policy of destruction. Wise and conservative men see the better way to be supervision and regulation through which abuses may be prevented or remedied and the public properly protected. This Is the policy which the repub lican administration proposes and which republicans generally concur In. Exist ing laws should be faithfully and vigor ously enforced and this the national administration Is showing an earnest determination to do. Additional legls latlon should be provided giving the notional government supervision and regulation of corporations engaged In Interstate commerce and with this done there Is reason to believe that most or all of the evils now complained of would disappear. Such legislation the people expect from the present congress and we confidently believe they will not be disappointed. THE STEAMSHIP COMBINATION. The combination of transatlantic steamship lines is commanding quite as much attention In Europe as in this country and both official and newspaper expressions abroad shoV that it Is re garded with much serious concern. The matter is being considered by the Brit Ish admiralty in respect to its bearing upon ship subsidies and It was an nounced In the House of Commons yes terday that an arrangement had been made with the British White Star line which precluded the possibility of any of its armed cruisers or merchant steamers being transferred to a foreign flag without the consent of the admir alty. It was intimated that the com blnatlon may necessitate a radical change In the subsidy arrangements. A London Journal suggests that vital In terests of the empire in time of war may be Jeopardized by the new arrange ment German newspapers apprehend that the combination may exercise an omi nous Influence on European destiny aud declare it to be the real American danger, saying that Germany cannot af ford to be drawn into It A Vienna paper describes It as the first world trust says it is the most dangerous conceivable and that the interests of the entire world are opposed to America monopolizing the whole shipping traffic of the world. Such Is the profound ap prehension that has been created abroad by this latest development of the "com munity of Interest" policy, yet the men who bave promoted it profess oply the most beneficent purposes. One of the most prominent of them Bays that "the object of the combination is to try to give better transatlantic service at a decreased cost" and ' their promises are of a nature to almost persuade convic tion that the combination may bring real benefits to shippers. . It remains to be seen whether the combination, formidable as it appears, will be able to control the rates of transatlantic freights and passage. A number of strong and Independent lines are not In the combination and may not enter It Meanwhile the question whether it Is a legal corporation Is being con sidered, It is said, by the Department of Justice and a high official of the de partment Is quoted as of the opinion that It may be found to be in viola tion of the Sherman anti-trust law, which applies to combinations in re straint of commerce with foreign na tions as well as between the states. Mr. Morgan and his associates are not yet warranted In felicitating themselves on the complete success of their scheme for controlling transatlantic commerce. St Louis has also secured an Indian supply depot with a $10,000 appropria tion to pay the salaries of a storekeeper, watchman and a few freight hustlers, but if the experience of Omaha is any criterion its Indian supply depot will prove of little advantage to its dealers In Indian supplies. If the bids for In dian supplies hereafter as heretofore are to be awarded on samples exhibited in Chicago, Philadelphia or New York, there is precious little to be gained for the Jobbers by having a storage ware bouse under the more pretentious name of depot If Omaha Jobbers bave any advantage over Chicago in the delivery of canned goods and provisions it is be cause they are nearer to and bave better facilities for delivering supplies at the Nebraska and South Dakota reserva tions. For the same reason St Louis has advantage over Omaha and Chicago In the delivery of supplies to the Indians located In Oklahoma, Indian Territory and Texas. The location of the depot alone does not enhance these advantages or diminish the chances of Chicago In competing for the delivery of supplies to the Indians located on Lake Superior or reservations in the far north. Governor Savage haa granted William Rhea, who was under sentence to be hanged at the state penitentiary today for the murder of Herman Zahu, a conditional reprieve until July 10, 1003. It Is given out that the governor hopes that the next legislature will enact a law abolishing capital punishment We ap prehend, however, that the prospect for the abolition of capital punishment by the next legislature is not much better than the prosject of Its repealing the law that makes embezzlement a peni tentiary offence punishable by from one to twenty years. Let' Please a Chlldrea. Baltimore American. Perhaps it would pleas our desk war riors mor If th commanding general wer selected from soms collection of wax works. Eaoraaoa Movement of Llv Stock. Portland Oregonlan. Within th year 1901 a total of 152.000 beef cattle wer shipped from th Montana ranges, mostly to eastern markets. Ia th same period 14,000 horse war takes out of th stats, many of them for army purposes. 1: - 7;: ZZ. H" astness of the live stork Interests on the great plateau over which Ices than half a century ago vast herds of buffalo roamed and grazed. The? Hare Kick Coming. Washington Ftar. Some of the western railroads have Is sued orders requiring tMg;s handlers to observe a certain amount of care. This msy bring forth a protest from the trunk manufacturers. Wks the Wheels Are tirraaed. Minneapolis Times. The rivers and harbors bill, carrying $70. 000,000 of appropriations, has gone through congress "as slick as grease." There Is nothing like judicious and well-distributed sops to the various local Interest to mrkw the path of an appropriation bill easy to travel. And Hon Hedges, Toe. Chicago News. Hogg of Texas, formerly on of the great est of the Bryanltes, his seen a light since fie got rich In oil speculation. "I do not believe," he said In a recent lntervle "that the stat has the right to limit any man's capital or income. There must be no Interference there." A Palpable Hit. Minneapolis Times. If Mr. Jefferson were called unon to solve the problems of this day and gen eration he might hesitate a moment before announcing his policy, but It U easy to find an orator who can shut his eyes and let you tie both hands behind him and then tell exactly what Mr. Jefferson would do Force that Move the World. Chicago Chronicle. British journals claim that the Rhodes ill-gotten fortune bequeathed to support American and German students at Oxford will Inaugurate "the most tremendous change the world has ever known. Greater folly cannot be Imagined. Of all possible great forces the university has always been the least. It Is the contact of nations, the friction of mind upon mind, not contemplation in a closet that moves the world. Strange Indemnity Precedent. Portland Oregonlan. A bill was passed is the senate a few days age to pay $5,000 to the widow of Judge I. C. Parker for extraordinary service ren dered by her husband as Judge In the west ern district of Arkansas. The bill was re ported adversely by Senator Hoar, but he stated that as the case was absolutely "unique" he would vote for it The coun try has become accustomed to "precedent" as an excuse for drawing money from the treasury, but this is the first time that a claim has been passed upon as "unique" aad therefor deserving. Thus another precedent has been established. Plctoresqae and Amaalnac. New York Trlbun. That picturesque and typical Texan, ex- Governor Hogg, talks with racy humor about his experiences abroad with capital ists who have made investment in th oil fields of the Lone 8 tar state. Th ex-governor is delightfully humorous when he declares that, beyond the shadow of a doubt the next president of th United States will be a democrat How amus ing It would be if Colonel Bryan's party should go to' Texas for a candidate and nominate ex-Governor Hogg hlmselfl It would then achieve th distinction of putting In th field th biggest and bulkiest politician now on view anywhere! Two Financial Pact. Minneapolis Times. Th president of,vth United Stats haa signed th bill repealing th taxes levied on account of th expenses attendant upon the Spanish-American war and at least $70,000,000 per annum will be added to the savings of th people and taken from the Income of the government Yesterday Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, th English chancellor of the English exche quer, presented to the House of Commons a budget which showed war charge of mor than $225,000,000 and stated that it would be necessary, la order' to make up a deficit of mor than $185,000,000, to increase th Income tax a penny In th pound and place a duty of 6 pence per hundred weight oa meal and S pence Per hundred weight oa all imported grain. Again we are constrained to remark wun the librettist that "war Is a bountiful jade" In th sens of lavish expenditure. Th rovers of th medal might have for a motto, "Peace is a plentiful pearl." NEW PHASE OP STATE RIGHTS. Water Right of Interstate Before th Supreme Coart. Chicago Post The ess of Kansas against Colorado, rrowlDK out of th dispute over the right to th water of th Arkansas river, raises on of th most Important questions that have ever come before th suprem court of th United States. It involve th rela tions of stat to state and of the states to th national government. It touchea th foundation of th organ to law. The trouble becan when Colorado took to diverting th waters of the Arkansas for irri gation purpose. This river run througn 310 miles of a broad valley In Kansas, mak ing 2.600,000 acre of land profitably arable and affecting th welfar of 100,000 person. Th rainfall throughout this valley is wholly inadequate to th growing of cultivated crops of any kind. Th river is the only ource of necessary moisture. Consequently, any diminution in th vol ume of the Arkansas river must do dam age to that part f Kansas through which it flows. Th Kansans claimed that Colo rado, by diverting this water wa doing great damans to Kansas, and about a yar ago they Med a bill In equity in the supreme court against Colorado, praying tor a de cree enjoining and restraining Colorado In very way from diverting th water of th Arkansas beyond what It now doe. To this bill Colorado demurred and th supreme court ha just overruled th de murrer. The case must, therefore, go to issue and proofs before final decision. Kansas stands on the ground of the ia-1 dividual riparian owner, and Invokes th rule of the common law that owners of lands on th bank of a rlvsr are entitled to the continual flow of th stream. It con tends thst Colorado is violating the funda mental principle that on must use his own so as not to destroy th legal rights of an other. Colorado contenda that as a sovereign and Independent stats It is Justified, if lu geographical situation and material wel fare demand it, in consuming for beneficial purpose all th waters within its bound aries, even to th extent of wholly depriv ing Kansas of any us of or ahar la th waters of the Arkansas. Colorado claims that it and Kansas are toward each other as foreign states, and that Kansas possesses no sovereignty which entitles it to bring such a suit as that under discussion. Quit naturally th supreme court asks at this Juncture: "If a stat of this union deprives another of lu rights in a oavigabl stream, and congress nss not regulated th subject, as no treaty can b mad between them, how is th matter to be adjusted r Or in plain English, caa on stat of this union advance it own Interests at th ex pense of a sister stat? Th outcome of this case will be awaited with th keenest interest It involves, as Chief Justice Fuller ha intimated, th ap plication of federal law, state lav s4 la loraaUoaal Jaw. Live Nebraska Towns Kearney Tried Kearney is the center and metropolis of th Ncbranka alfalfa belt, the richest por tion of the stste, with the greatest present promise of rapid development and the most perfect assursnce of Increasing values. Kearney ia a compact and thriving city of say 6,000 people, even a trifle more. Racked by the tempests of ranlc and financial depression, Kearney was fur from wrecked. Beset by many trials, Kearney has most grsndly triumphed. The dream of a manufacturing city has psssed. Most of the manufactories thst we hsd have gone, but the soli Is still here and with It the water and the sunshine that make central Nebraska famous. But the soli! There is the foundation of our wesltb. Drouth hss no sting and the grave no victory, for alfalfa I the crowned head," even though corn be king Thev soil is fitted for alfalfa and as a prop- osltion for the agriculturist and stock- raiser that proposition simply surpsnees the dreams of avarice. The alfalfa Indus try of this section started here and the alfalfa belt Is drawn snug and tight about a block of counties In central Nebraska, none of them surpassing the county of Buf falo, none so well watered, none with such promising agricultural resource, for after airaira comes the sugar beet, and Its horns Is here. Th great celery industry of FOR THE STATE TICKET. Norfolk News: Among the numerous suggestions of candidates for state office on the republican ticket is the name of H. 8. Beck Of Pierce. The Plalnvlew Repub lican thinks that Mr. Beck would fit Into the state treasurer's office nicely. Wayne Republican: Wayne county would certainly join Stanton In a good, full delegation for a state treasurer of the Axen caliber. We don't want to have to apologize for any on of the nominees this fall and with Axen on the ticket one of the two Important places will be provided for. Count on twenty counties of this part of the state solid for Axen. Wausa Eagle-Herald: S. Saunders of Bloomfleld has many friends In this part of the country who are urging him to be come a candidate for the republican nom ination of state treasurer. Mr. Saunders represented this district in the state sen ate In the winter of 1895-6 and to say the least he done honor to himself and his con stituents. Mr. Saunders will be a strong candidate and we should he pleased to see him receive the nomination. St. Paul Republican: The Burwell Tribune presents the name of Peter Mor tensen of Ord for state treasurer. Mr. Mortensen made the race in 1898, running well with his ticket, but sharing the gen eral defeat of republican candidates. He la well known to many Howard county Danish-Americans, with whom he shared the hardships of pioneer life, and Is uni versally esteemed by them as an honest, able man. His nomination would be in strict harmony with the general desire for a ticket composed of clean candidates. Pender Times: The Times believes that th present state superintendent of pub lic instruction, Mr. William K. Fowler- yes, a republican is the right man In the right place. He Is a thorough school man and seems to have the ability to fill the responsible position he holds as did none of hi Immediate predecessors. It is a dis grace that politics should enter into the selection of school officers, whether it be a member of the local board or the state superintendent.' Men should get those posi tions on their worth and not their ability to corral votes. Stanton Picket: The Wayne Republican InslsU that Agge Axen is a candidate for state treasurer. Perhaps he is. We have heard the statement made before, but have no direct knowledge of his being a candi date. This Is probably due to the fact, as alleged to have been stated by Mr. Axen shortly after his first election as county treasurer, that he did not think much of newspaper notoriety and that "the Picket did not elect him. I elected myself." Let this be as It may. Mr. Axen made an ac ceptable county treasurer, is a home man, and for these reasons if for none other the Picket believes the delegation from the county should be Instructed to use all hon orable means to secure his nomination. Osmond Republican: It is with great pleasure that we hear the name of Hon. H. 8. Beck of Pierce mentioned in connec tion with the offic of state treasurer. If the republican party of the atate of Ne braska desire a candidate for treasurer who can be elected and one who U entirely worthy of th honor it can do no wiser thing than name Mr. Beck as Its choice. Years of experience in practical banking and close study of public finances nave made Mr. Beck master of bis class in th roll of men able to assume the trust and nerform the dutles of any public office. We think Mr. Beck Is peculiarly fitted for the high office and we feel assured that should his party name him as Its candidate his campaign would ha a strong one. His business ability, coupled with his pleasant manner, would make him a popular can didate. The Republican will gladly sup port his candidacy. PERSONAL NOTES. The most famous criminal in New York is John Doe. Mulball. the great statistician, devoted nearly thirty year to th preparation of his Dictionary of SUtlstlcs." Captain Frits Honlg. the noted German writer on mlUUry affairs. Is dead. HI three best known books are "History of Oliver Cromwell." "Two Brigades" and War of Nations on the Loire." Governor Crane of Massachusetts has signed th hill awarding a medal to every man from his state who went out in re sponse to President Lincoln's first call for troop. Th pen with which he signed the bill has been presented to President Pierce of the "minute men of '61." While visiting Goslar, ia the Harts moun tains, recently th crown prince of Ger many wa bombarded with snowdrops by a bsad of women and practically mobbed by school children. Before leaving the town the prince scattered a plenteous largess of sweets smoag his small admirers. Jerome Tyler Rlchter of Indianapolis and Napoleon Harrlaon Rlchter of Farmland, Ind., are believed to be the only twins In th Grand Army of the Republic. They were in Company D, Fifty-seventh Indiana Infantry, during the civil war and wer born In Wayne county, that state, sixty-two years ago. Already a movement has been started In South Carolina for the erection of a monu ment to th 1st Wade Hampton. Several liberal subscriptions hsve been tendered. There Is a strong preference for an equestrian statu with th figure of the heroic Hampton a he appeared In confed erate gray commanding th cavalry of th confederate army of northern Virginia. Senatorial elections will be held In a num ber of states this year and next, the terms xplring In March, 1903, Including those of Billy" Mason of Illinois, 8enator Piatt of New York, Jones of Arkansas, Teller ot Colorado, Orvllle H. Piatt of Connecticut, Fairbanks of Indiana, Allison of Iowa, Gal linger of Now Hampshlrs, Penrose of Penn sylvania, McLauria of South Caroliaa and f poosex cX JViicoasla, and Triumphant. Kenrnry will outrank Kalamaxoo. The dairy Industry, revolutionized by the hand separator. Is lighting the lamp of Aladdin on every farmstead. The stock industry la growing with leaps snd bounds. Inevitably the great central creamery must come. If tariff tinkering doesn't spill the sugar, I beet sugar factory must follow. The cel ery Industry Is without limitations. So, for material weslth Buffslo county haa a greater surety than the Rand or a Klon dike. Kearney, the capital of this mag. ntflcent county, must prosper proportion ately and with the development that Is In- evltable the country tributary to Kearney will easily support a city of 20,000 people from its agricultural resource alone. Kearney is a city of beautiful home. well sustained churches and many schools a graded pubis? school system, a normal and business college, a military academy and a young women's seminary, with splen did public buildings, the finest opera house between Lincoln or Omaha and Denver, the Burlington and Union Pacific railway and Black Hills branch, altitude and at mosphere Incomparable for health and en joyment, water as clear as distilled dia monds, sunshine and blue sky Kearney of fers all these, and who can offer more? m. A. BROWN, BREAD SUPPLY FIGURES. Needlessly Alarmlna Speculations of Flan re Sharps. Chicago Chronclle. People with en appetite for sensation are always looking for something to gratify it. A year or two ago Sir William Crookes, an English statistician, startled everybody by declaring that the wheat crop would soon become Inadequate to meet the demands of bread eaters, or, rather, that the demand would outrun the supply. In that case bread would be the rich man '3 food. The poor would have to look up something else. Mr. Fitzpatrlck of our Treasury depart ment decently undertook to refute Sir William's conclusions. He admitted that the number of bread eaters ha been in creased enormously in recent years, swell ing from about 400,000,000 In 1880 to nearly 640,000,000 a year ago. He pointed out, however, that not all available wheat lands are used for wheat and that any con siderable rise in price would operate at once to increase the acreage so used. Moreover, he says, that while we need now a little more than 2,300,000,000 bushels an nually for bread purposes the average an nual crop since 1890 has been nearly 2,600, 000,000, an annual surplus of 150,000,000. Recent figures Indicate that he la con siderably within the facts. He gives the product of the United States at something over 400,000,000 bushel annually, while somebody has recently pointed out that there Is wide divergence between the crop estimates apparently used by Mr. Fitz patrlck and the returns of crop In the census reports. The latter make our an nual product something mora than 700, 000,000 bushels. If this Is correct the sur plus Is greatly larger than Sir William or Mr. Fitzpatrlck based their estimates on. These gentlemen, all of them, seem to be Indulging quite unnecessarily in needlessly alarming speculations. Local and tem porary shortages of product there have been and doubtless will be again, but there Is no sound sense In alarmism of any kind. If wheat falls short permanently some thing else will be found to fill Its place. When the power of this old globe to sus tain the population it produces begins to fall off seriously, if ever, it will be agea hence. Men who may live In that day will have ample warning outside the figures of speculating statisticians. These latter can have no effect now other than to play Into the hands of another class of speculators those who manipulate mar keU and but little even In that regard. PASSING OF A SMI LB-MAKER. The Good that Frank Stockton Did in the World of Letters. New York Sun. Mr. Stockton was within two years ot three score and ten when he died at Wash ington on Sunday last, but it seems as if one of the younger generation had passed away. His talent was unsoured to the end. His stories of every sort were set In a general atmosphere of friendliness and good faith, extending to beasts, Insects and inanimate objects. He could not have depicted a villain or a sombre or sordid transaction if he had ever tried. His burglars were amiable criminals, his canni bals fine sympathetic man-eaters, and his ghosts and hobgoblins reasonable, well affected beings. Everything, no matter bow realistic the intention, proceeded in a so ciable, sunshiny way, even If it happened to be a midnight horror or a desperate naval encounter. The all-pervading friendliness of the genial fairy-tale was distinctive ot Mr. Stockton's humor, and it was partly due to hi art and method, but chiefly to per sonal temperament and attitude toward men and things. Those who were juvenile In the '70s will remember him longest, per. haps, as the author of several of the most charming books for children that any Amer ican writer has produced. The aame char, acteristlcs appeared In all he did after Pomona ot Rudder Grange had commended him, twenty years and more ago, to an older, but hardly less affectionate audi ence. He wrote Industriously, but not too fjr7 parilla $ when and 'pale, iiiiii ippll ' r lne. 0m iimiMewwijnj B VTIT r -aw" ATI iaT e r m r tated.'just recommend our Sarsa parilla. If in doubt about this, ask your doctor if he knows of anything better. "A neighbor of ana bad a for a long time. Having used Eg? lor a gre mended it 1 wer greatly di Its. AH hrafiM, for a great many years, and always with satisfactory results, reeoaa. i to tny neighbor. The child was quickly cu ad, and th parenta delighted." N. K. Dean, Spaor, lnd. Industriously. His mind was Inventive of novelties of situation, cf rlcssant rra doxrs, of exaggerations never overstrained snd of Ingenious perversiona cf the laws of nature anil ot human probability. His Inborn reflnem. nt kept him always on the safe side of the frontier, short tf roarsc ness and burlesque. A gentle spirit, a whimsical imagination, a delicate perception of the humor of topsy turvlness, and an absolute freedom of soul from malice or bitterness, were, the quali ties which made Frank Stockton one of the most admirable and widely beloved of American entertainers during the fourth quarter of the last century. A FT KHMtTH UP riRA I M . OMAHA, April 24. To the Editor of The Bee: The Bee Is entitled to the thanks of the people for Its exposure of the spni.. hue and cry about the latest myth of thn socialistic agitators, which they call the "Beef trust." If there Is a beef trust it originates and alone exists among the farm ers and cattle raisers cf this and other states. With steers on the hoof bringing In the open markets of Chicago and Omaha from 7 to 8 cents per pound, it is plain enough that the rich gains from the sd vance In the price of beef goes to the men who produce and sell steers and not to the packers. Beef Is high because fattened steers are scarce and corn and other cattle foods are hlsh. But I wish to say in The Bee that the outcry about the Beef trust marks only one more phase of the aftermath of all those financial and economic fallacies and false teachings which may be grouped under the head of Bryanlsm. It shows, as aothlna else could show, the malign Influence which Mr. Bryan's hare-brained declarations have wrought upon all financial, commercial and economic subjects. On the money question he was always wrong and never right. Every prediction he ever made about the re lations of prices and values to the world's sound money standard haa been overthrown and made ridiculous by events, and the cli max of his absurdities as a leader of the party which he has well-nigh destroyed is seen in his acrobatic performance o the Spanish war and the treaty of Paris, lu which he deliberately butchers every Issue upon which the national democracy could make a consistent stand against a colonial policy. GEORGE L. MILLER. WHITTLED TO A POIXT. Detroit Free Press: Mr. Rlnwnav Ah! What kind of bread do you call this, lira, llnrduppe? It seems very scarce. airs, itarduppe Hhort cake. Philadelphia Pre.es: "Well, I've lost th Job he gave me." ne gave 'Too bad. too Dad. isn t there anything for you to fall back on?" . "Not unless somebody digs a hole under me. I'm flat now." Chicago Tribune: "I wish T overworked my eyes!" BlgheU the Illustrious ease. "Your wish Is granted." said his fairy godmother, suddenly appearing. She tapped him with her staff and van ishedand, lo, he was an ignoramus again. Washington Star: "I1ni Xfiaa nminn. think a great deal of the nobleman she married?'' bhM one young woman. tes." answered the other- uhm t Pr,nid of him as she can be. Sho says he waa such a bargain." Baltimore American: "Whoop!" nn nounces the young man who careens from the door of the barroom, "I am sowtn' my wild oats! " ' "Well, you may be," commented the honest rustic, who views him with some interest, "but whoever did your plowln' for you must a' set ye some crooked furrers." Chicago Record-Herald: make Soaddlneton'n wlfn "It seems to as mad as a hornet every time he boasts that he began at the foot and worked hla way up." "Well, he started In ua u h.,tl,lui, .... knni" " New Tork Sun: "I understand that they fought to a draw." ..'IX?- Kah one of them drew about 14,000 In prize money and gate receipts." Cleveland Plain Dealer: "That bill to license cats was defeated In the Massa chusetts legislature." "What will the cats do now?" "Everything that'a In the old category. I suppose." " DAFFODILS. Golden chalices of gladness Gleaming In the woodland ways. Exorcising winter's sadness. Pledge of promised gulden days Hope awakens, sweet daffodils. When ye shine upon the hill. Sure T am some spell Is bidden In thee, flower of lowly mrth Lifting thy glad face unbidden O'er the yet scarce Btlrrlng earth Kre spring comes a spell to move All that see thee, thee to love. Not alone the pale gold raying Round the deep gold heart between. Nor thy slender form's sort swaying Midst thy bodyguard in green. Hornet hlng In thee more than thl Fills the gazers heart with bliss. In the tale swift ..emory bringing Does thy fasclnUon He, How of old, amid Uielr singing. Poets loved to see thee nigh. And how they would fain rehear Thy delight in deathless verse? He, In savage Devon dwelling, Beauty loving, poet-priest. Oft to thee quaint fancies telling Of thy singers not the least Smiled to greet thee by the way . As he duly passed to pray. And a greater bard onco wimderlng Thoughtful over vales and hills, Sudden ceased his pensive pondering As a host of daffodils Flashed upon his sight a joy Time nor change could e'er destroy. Many another has extolled thee. Daffodil, since earth was young. Glories of great song enfold thee t avorea tneme or noneyea tongue: Yet 'tis not the poet's art Gives thee power to touch the heart Tts the subtle recollection Thou canst wake of SDrtnga lona: nest. Childhood's playtime, youth's affection, Joys roregone, wun tnee linked fast These live ever: thou art her In the Springtide every year. Help Others Help them to help them- eafime Y7rtAe -.1 owrwa nuai t- ueuer ueeur Then why not tell your friend who is ill just what Ayers Sarsa- has done for you ? you see a person weak nervous and debiti child who had str&amad from scrofula Aver SarsaparUla la tny own family J.XAYEKCO.UtL