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Work on the Great New York Subway
i i . svr f n , ! I. Vi ' 1Z " JT . - . I 'iipyriwht. liy Hirlurt Vall:ue. IMAGINE a tunml fix fct hinh and llirt'H fret wiilc from New York to Chit'iiKi) nnil yim have some concept inn of tin- cubical con tents of tin' New York rnibway when completeil. Now inuiRiiie thai from New York to Clevelainl there was sol ill rock, that for a cdusiileralilu disiance a hA'r'n-nrt' JH.'LA.... KXCAVATION IN I 'Kit Kl.KVATKH KOAIi AT SI XT Y II 1 Tl I A N 1 1 lllli I A I V Y . I street car service hail tn he maintained un impaired aliove the iliMKiiiB toilers and that water mains, as iies ami fi'WQKii had to he moved whemver the path of the tunnel Intercepted them, and you may realize what a tremendous eiiRinei riiiR task is being pushed forward now in New Y'ork City months ahead of contract time. The comparison is not quite accurate, but it serves l purpose of culling attention to the mint Klianti ' piece of engineering In modern times. Three million cubic yards of space underneath a teeminj? city are to make room for a $:t'i .000.000 railway. Plxty flve thousands tons of steel will he used in the arches, pillars and rails. Ten thou sand men will have been enKaneil f0r nearly four years in bringing thie marvel about. All this is to the end that the New Yorker ami the visiting stranger may be whisked from one extremity of Manhattan island to the other in a hurry. At the present time millions of feet of lumber are being used to maintain undis turbed the street surface with its ceaseless trallic going on above the excavations. If this timber had In ell used in building homos fur the army of M.OuO workmen employed there would have been sulllcient for a two story frame house for every man. The l!,aUU,000 tons of rock which are to be taken out would make a solid wall three feet thick, six feet high and nearly 500 miles long, and if the dirt were spread over Cen tral park the entire area would be covered ten Inches deep. As a matter of fact, acres and acres of New Jersey swamp land are being made habitable since the Hapid Tran sit commission began to dispose of the sur plus dirt and rock upon them. It is a veritable city under a city which the engineers and contractors are building, a city of one street, to be sure, now with two roadways, now with four, but it is an electrically lighted, clean, well ventilated avenue of travel, and millions of passengers will be carried over it every year. SlruiiHt' MetroMilitHii Muliln. Those who wish to nee strange sights in the metropolis can find more variety in a trip along the line of the subway In its present state than in any other excursion In Manhattan. New Yorkers have not yet accustomed themselves to the upheaval of streets, the jacked-up street iar lines, tho swinging cranes and the cable ways on which tonloads are carried at a tin e. Now and then the pedestrian is confronted by a workiugman who waves a red flag and cries out: "i'-lre!" and the pedestrian knows that an explosion is Imminent. Crowds watch daily the operation of the com pressed air drills which bore Into the solid rick; at times the monotony of living In the neighbi rluxid is disturbed by the thun der of a blast, passrngers In nearby street cars feci their huts lifted slightly from their heads. They remark, "Only the sub way," and wonder when all the confusion and muss will be over. Down below, on the damp, sunless bottom of the many openings, the real state of the j. "& w (ubway may best be seen, provided one fortunate enough to secure permission to explore the cuts and headings. At City Hall square, the lower terminus, fully Iwo i birds of the work has been done. One sec lion of the loop Is already coven d over, nnd the Moors, arches and entrances of the sta tion are now bring completed. The City Hall station Is to be a local train station only. Originally a gieat loop was planned here, which was to circle ti part of the postolllce and furnish room fur the main station, and it was understood that nil the (iiiins, both express and local, should pans this way. The task, however, was Ion illlll cult. It was not possible to pius umli r tha postotllco building without weakening that structure, and the plan to tunnel to Ilrook lyn also made it advisable to locate the i.iaiu station at the bridge. Aciordlngly Mr. William llarclay Parsons, the chief en gineer, planned a smaller loop ami a local train station which has aroused I hi- admira tion of all the engineers. There Is not a straight Hue at this terminus. The station Is a curved platform, the roof Is a scries of domes ami arches within arches. The change In the loop made necessary a switchyard for trains, and this was tun neled out under Park How. only a short distance up from tlie loop Is the main station. That is In say, the main stallon will be located here, close by the New York end of the llrooklyn bridge. It Is one of the last pieces of work to be taken up. On both Bides of the locality work has been going on for nearly two years, but, owing to the continual crowds in this neighborhood, It bus seeini-il best to complete one part In fore beginning an other. Mine In I lie lllu III). Kroin the bridge station the four tracks will extend In practically a straight line to Forty-second street, theme over to ltroadway nnd up Ilrondway lo One Hun dred and Fourth street. From I his point there are two branches, one extending up or near ltroadway to Two Hundred and Fifteenth street, the other cutting through n corner of Central park, under the ll nli-in river, and up into the suburbs ns far an 1 1 iDii X park. Over this line all kinds ol operations are being carried on, from tin (Continued on Klghlh Page.) mm i ,-sr b;ir NXv.v-r ?al?S. UENEKAL VIEW AT THIUTY-FOL'KTIl AND PAKK AVEM E Ill'KNEI) AKMOllY IN KKHIT F( lit EO ItOl'NI). ' ' m it i "cv ST 062 SCENE AT UKOAUWAY A NO SIXTV-N ixth. SHOWING NEW ANSON1A HOT El ONE Ill'NUHEO AND FIFTY-NINTH STREET AND BROADWAY. LOOKINQ NOHTH INTO HOCK HEADlNti.