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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: MONDAY, AlMtll, 28, 1002.
Tiie omaha Daily Bee E. IIOSEWATER. EDITOR. FUBLI8HKD EVERT MORNING. TERMS OF BL'BSCRIPTION. Anally Bee (without Sunday), One Year. 14 00 Wily Br and Sunday, On Year 'I Illustrated Bee. One Year " fund ay Be. Uni Year Baturday lice. One Year Twentieth Century Fttmer, One Year., luu DELIVERED HY CARRIER. Ially (without Sunday), pr copy.. 3c Ially B?e (without Sunday, per wea..Uc ially Bee (Including Bunday), er weeK.lic Sunuay Bee, per ropy c Kverkng Bee (without Sunday), per week.loc Evening Bee (Including BunOay, per week k 18c Complaint! of Irregularities In delivery should be addressed to City Circulation de partment. . OBTICES. Omaha Tbe lie Building. Bouth Omaha City nail Bulldlnr, Twen-ty-nnh and M streets. Council Bluffs H) fearl Btreet. Chicago 14 Unity Building. Hew York Temple Court. Washington el Fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. Communications relating to news and editorial matter should be addressed: Omaha Bee,- Editorial Iwpartment. BUSINESS LETTERS. Business letters and remittances should be addressed: The Bee Publishing Com pany, Omaha. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or postal order, payable to Tho Bee Publishing Company. Only 1-cent stamps accepted In payment of .mail aocounui. Personal checks, except on Omaha or eastern exchange, not accepted, lliil BEE PUBLISUINU COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. Stats of Nebraska, Douglas County, as.: George B. Tsschjck, secretary of Ihe Bee Publisning Company, being duly sworn, saya that the actual nuoiuer ot full and complete copies of Toe Dully, Morning, Evening and Bunday Bee printed during the month of Marofi, 1IW2, was as folluws: 1 Ut,9TO 17 ...aiMWU l sttr u au,4ao l.. x,4jv it sn,sw 4 3tt,T70 20 KU,etM t X,3u 21 IW.Slw 'jatfim b...., 2t,S(M I iwtjo i3 m.aao w,ao u xw.aiu ...... .1W.70O la IW.OW) 10 XW.4SO M 2U.OOO ll... 81,5M XI SWsH 13 ..SW.3TO U 80.S40 1 ..at,40 2 ...JMMUO It Xtt.UKO W 2t,lr0g 14 M....JCU,TO U....M tf,MO 18 SW.OOO Total 911,420 Leaa unsold and returned copies.... t,tM)T Net total sale MT,B1S Net dally average 8V,2T7 OEO. B. TZ8CHUCK. Subscribed In my presence and sworn to before me this 31st day of March. A. 1. Uv2- OEORQE HASMUBSEN, (Seal.) Notary Public Another move on the South African chess board is about due. South Omaha politicians are clamor tog for voting itachiues. Haren't they had them all of the time? The rule against talking too much Is a good one as well for the ordinary lay man as for the military officer In high rank. Is it not about time for the valiant Henry Watterson to make another Up roarious charge upon his phantom "man on horseback?" , The incorporation of canal power companies Is the latest fad, but all of the power canals projected up to date still remain on. paper. Olre Senator Jones of Arkansas credit for one 'good trait He seems to realize when be Is beaten and to be willing to subside while his star la In eclipse. These Christmas tales found ax few credulous pople to swallow them In Denmark as they did In America, where no one even professed to believe them. A wise American mule will make the most of it while the Boer war lasts. There's no telling how soon his services will be again in such great demand abroad. The struggle for the control of the eggs of the country has become bo fierce that artificial egg layers as well as artificial egg hatchers will be put In requisition. When the telegraph and electric light wires have been placed under ground and the billboards are taken down to stay down the danger In our public thoroughfares during hurricanes will be materially lessened. A new code pt laws of ancient Baby Ionia has been unearthed and deciph ered. It 1 safe to say that they arc Just as applicable to preseut conditions as some of the dead letter laws we still cherish on .our modern statute books. " If the reverend senators want to keep up to the pace that has been set for tbem by pugilistic and fractious mem bers they will have to invent' a fe'w new forms of violent outbreaks that will each in succession produce a climax In senatorial sensationalism. J. rierpont Morgan's exploits are be coming so famous that over in Europe the apprehension is cropping oat that his venture may be an effort to perfect merger ot all tie royal crowns handed down to present owners from medieval ancestry. That would be a crowning achievement The call for the populist state conven tlon which has Just been given to the public officially apportions 128 delegates to Douglas county, where the populists scarcely muster 600 votes, while six of the biggest ' populist counties, namely, BuUer, Buffalo, Custer, Dawes, Hamil ton and Saunders combined will have only 129 delegates. The brilliant genius that edlta the Omaha double-ender makes a most pa tbetlc appeal to the citizens of Omaha, South Omaha and Council Bluffs to emulate the enterprise and push of Mo bile, Ala. When It Is borne In mind that Meblle, after 3JO0 years of public-spirited push and enjoying all of the natural adrantagea of a great seaport has managed to carom a population of scarcely 50,000 and ruts absolutely no figure in the clearing house record, the value at this suggestion must Impress Itself on Intelligent tri city business t J7f OTUKk SIDS When the Americnn army In the Phil ippines is lieing nuhjcrted to severe crit icism and the soldier denounced as cruel and brutal. eA'nn the rnruinfindlng general leing characterized on the finor of the niitionnl senate by a democratic sfnntor ns a "dastard villain," It Is Inter esting to note that there is another side to this matter which shows that the Philippine army is not so wholly bnd as some have proclaimed It A few days ago the war department seut to Senator Ixwlge, chninuan of the senate committee on Philippine affairs, a mass of correspondence relating to conditions in the archipelago, included In which were over half ft hundred pe titions from native sources asking the retention of United States troops at various points In the islands. The pe- tltlouers declare that by the preseuce of American troops In their respective lo calities they are insured humane, treat ment, protection' and the maintenance of peace and good order. ; In mauy cases the petitions refer to Individual American officers whom the natives have learned to admire and respect and to whom they look for protection and Justice. All these petitions are most hearty and cordial In praise of the American officers and soldiers and In every case where a removal of troops was to be made express regret therefor, not a few urging that they be allowed to remain. There can be no reasonable doubt in regard to the origin and au thenticity of these petitions. Their lan guage and style of expression clearly show that they are from native sources. While It Is not questioned that some cruelties have been practiced In the Philippines, some things done which cannot be Justified, there Is no warrant for the sweeping and unqualified de nunciation of the army, there which some have Indulged In. . The truth is, that with rare exceptions the soldiers In the Philippines have treated the natives humanely and Justly and have patiently borne with provocations of which people at home can have no con ception. Those who have been guilty of unjustifiable cruelty should be punished and undoubtedly will be so far as it Is possible to do so, but fair-minded peo ple will not believe that the entire army In the Philippines is amenable to the cba.'ge of cruelty and Inhumanity. CAADlA DlSCRlSdiyATluy. The Indianapolis Journal suggests that if Canada's friends In the United States are so anxious for what they call reci procity, why do they not require that Canada shall pledgo before negotiations begin, that the duty on American mer chandise shall be the same as the duty on British merchandise,' instead ot 25 per cent higher. "This discrimination against the United States," remarks that paper, "Is never mentioned by the advocates of so-called reciprocity, prob ably because they know that Great Brit ain, which makes Canada's trade treat ies, will not consent to equal duties on merchandise imported into Canada. The advantage of 25 per cent In favor of Oreat Britain Is equivalent to a pro tective duty of 25 per cent for the mer chandise of free trade England when Imported Into Canada." While this discrimination has not been of any very great advantage to English manufacturers, as shown by the statistics of Canadian trade, it is none the less an obstacle to closer trade rela tions between this country and Canada and it Is one which the latter has not nronosed to remove, though it would perhaps be willing to somewhat modify the discrimination if the Imperial gov ernment would consent It Is unlikely. however, that England could be Induced to relinquish any considerable part of the protection its manufacturers now have in the tariff of Its American col ony and It is entirely certain that the Imperial government would not permit Canada to enter into a reciprocity agreement that would place American merchandise on an equal footing with British in the Canadian market The Interests In the United States which are most strenuous in urging re ciprocity with Canada, however, appear to be quite unconcerned respecting the tariff discrimination In favor of the English manufacturers. What they are troubled about la the threat of Canada to Increase the duties on American merchandise, though there is po great probability of this being done, In spite of the brave talk of a few Canadian statesmen, for the obvious reason that such a policy would work to the disad vantage of the people of the Dominion and would not In the least better the chances for commercial reciprocity tar Iff retaliation on the part of Canada, as is being threatened, would be foolish and futile, for In such - a, case the United States would not be helpless and could return some hard blows. Canada wants a free American market for her natural product. To grant her this, as waa done by the old reciprocity treatv. would be a detriment to our agricultural Interests, which have as good clulm to' protection as sny other Interests. The desirability of closer trade relations between the two coun tries may be admitted, but If ever realised It will be upon a more equitable basis than Canada has yet proposed, the most important feature of which must be the abandonment of discrimination In' favor of British merchandise. 1 AT ATIOX or MiSH'WBI HtVtR9RlDitS The Burlington road has invoked the Dover of the courts to enjoin the coin missloners of Cass county from levjfng and collecting a special tax on the rail way bridge that span the Missouri river at Plattauiouth. This action revives the old Issue of railway bridge taxation that has In years past caused so much vex ation and bitter contention. It is a matter ot history that all of the bridges across the Missouri have been erec ted under separate charters granted by congress under the assumption that the Missouri river is a navigable stream which cannot be bridged , without the permission of the national authorities, I because) such structures would luptde nsvlgatlon. That these bridges neces sarily constitute part of the main lines of the railroads for which they were constructed Is an Indisputable fact but the railroad projectors have treated those bridges as separate from the rail road proper and have capltallrd them Independent of their main lines. The Union Pacific bridge at Omaha, for ex ample, was bonded for $2,500,000, al though Its original cost did not exceed half of that sum. Having enormously overvalued and capitalized these bridges, the railroads have for many years Imposed-a special bridge toll upon all traffic that crosses the Missouri river and by such policy assumed a Just liability for special tax ation. For nearly twenty years the Union Pacific bridge at Omaha collected 50 cents for every passenger and $10 for every carload of freight conveyed across It. WIthfn the past ten years the bridge tolls have been reduced by one-half, or $3 per carload and 25 cents per passen ger. The bridge tolls across the Mis souri at Plattsmouth have been the same as those at Omaha, the only differ ence being that they do not appear on the freight bills because the bridge Is merely an extension of the Burlington system and the bridge tolls are absorbed. Whether the bridge tolls are high or low, Just or unjust the main question is. Why should not the Missouri river rail road bridges be treated as separate prop erty from the main lines so long as the railroads persist In separating these bridges from their main lines by special charges? If Missouri river bridge tolls are Justified, why should there not also be special charges at every tunnel which railroads have built through the moun tains of Colorado, Wyoming, Utah and Nevada ? The Missouri river bridges have long ago paid for themselves, but even if thero had not been a dollar paid off on the original Investment is It not right and reasonable that these bridges should be separated for purposes of tax ation so long as the railroad companies see fit to separate them from the main lines for the exaction of a special bridge toll? If these bridges lmve become part of the main lines for all intents and pur poses, why should the roads persist in treating them as special properties that must earn Interest upon the capital In vested in their construction, or, worse yet, upon capital borrowed on the trength of the ability of the railroads to levy tribute upon the traffic of the Transuilssourl country? The bill granting to the Omaha North ern Hallway company an extension of three years In which to construct the road across the Omaha and Winnebago Indian reservation has passed both houses of congress and now goes to the president for his signature. The pro moters of this air line railroad have se cured the right-of-way through the Indian reservations under pretext that they have the capital to build a rail road, but the fact that they have log rolled a bill through congress to give them three years more time within which to complete the road clearly Indicates that this is simply a specula tive scheme for unloading a franchise, to some syndicate yet to be organized or to some existing road that Is willing to pay a bonus for preventing the con struction Of a competing line. Whether such enterprises deserve encouragement Is extremely doubtful. If there was a long felt want for the road there ought to have been no trouble In meeting the conditions of the original bill within the time prescribed in the charter. If the air line Is simply an anchor thrown to windward It should never have been given a charter. The Idiotic gabble about 1,000 Ameri can Journalists who will be in Omaha when the next National Editorial as sociation assembles would be amusing if it were not so deceptive. At the re cent gathering of this so-called National association at Hot Springs, Nebraska, with its 000 newspaper publications, was represented by two men and the press of other states pro rata. A photographic view of the whole assemblage pub lished by the St Louis Globe-Democrat shows a great majority to have been women, with a sprinkling of men and some Juveniles, and it is exceedingly doubtful whether the number of these Junketeers will exceed one-tenth of one thousand. Each succeeding decision of our su preme court on questions of vital public Importance brings new converts to the demand for an early and effective re casting of Nebraska's outgrown con stitution. The necessity for a more up-to-date fundamental law conforming more nearly to the new conditions with which the state Is confronted after more than twenty-five years of growth and pi-ogress Is becoming more and more Imperative, opening the eyes of the people to the urgency of Immediate action. The Bee has for years been consistently calling for constitution re vision and its agitation is sure to bear fruit before very long. The Omaha gusher, better known as the World-Herald, emits a whole volume of vapor and gas exhorting public spirited cltlxeus ot Omaha to emulate the example of New Orleans, Mobile and other southern cities. The plan proposed by the gusher Is very sim ple. Each and every individual liv ing in Omaha, South Omaha and Council Bluffs must wear a metal budge In the buttonhole of his, ber or its Jacket, overshlrt or shirtwaist I as an evidence ot membership In good standing, and when any of these people come in front of a fence they must pull themselves across by the bootstraps or stocking fasteners. Taking On a Bracer. Philadelphia Ledger. We are not afraid of any nation, but we are going to spend l-'J.OOO.OOO on new warships to keep our cpurage up. Owe Remedy la Slaat. Baltimore Sun. At the present rate in tea years almost very t king people eat, drink or use will be la Um ia f coAbUioUosa, Iters is a limit somewhere. And It msy corns to the point where the people of the United States who shers in neither monopoly profits nor stock-juggling will be compelled to combine against the combinations. Provocation for a Kick. Honton Transcript. It Is pretty discouraging for a court of Justice to hand down a derision against a shirt waist at this time of year snd with a hot wave said to be within arm's reach at that. Joe Saved Ills Hair. Baltimore American. Joseph Jefferson declines to tske any chances with osculstory females who are delighted with his performances. Mr. Jef ferson is too old to take up the piano ss a livelihood. Good Business Policy. Buffalo Express. Secretary Shaw Is to be commended for ruling that government warrants and checks may hereafter be paid after simple indorsement guaranteed by the banks' pre senting the paper for payment. Heretofore not only endorsement baa been necessary, but the check or warrant bad to be ac companied by s certificate showing the au thority of the Indorser. The change Is In the line ot good business polloy. Chunks of t'aeless Information. Fhlladelphla Record. Camilla Flammarlon, the well-known French astronomer, has announced the fact that 1,000,000.000 minutes sine the begin ning ot the Christian era had elapsed on Friday last at 6:10 p. m. Nobody probably experienced any sensation whereby the billionth minute of the Christian era could be differentiated from any that went be fore or that have come after. The man who knows how many commas there are lu the Bible or how many times tho article "a" la repeated In Shakespeare will doubt less seize this chunk of French astronom ical wisdom with susto. Costly Experiments. Portland Oregonlan. Germany was never a bright and shining light In colonial administration, so that the details of ber deficits in China afford no cause for surprise. Figures of this sort, however, are practically valueless, as the benefits of colonial trade do not appear in governmental balance sheets to offset expenditures. Few departments of gov ernmental expenditure pay their way. We nt er get back directly what we spend for police and Are protection. Canada costs Oreat Britain money, but It comes handy in war time. Let In Plenty of Sunshine. Philadelphia Times. You may go about among nine-tenths of the comfortable homes In almost any civil ized country and find that the sun is counted by the typical housewife her es pecial foe. Sne does not allow him even to peep into her parlor, that holy of holies, where her best furniture and her finest carpets and costliest hangings are oh, no! Science ha"s clearly shown that sunlight properly used decreases mortality. Both physically and morally we should let the sunlight have free right of way into our lives. If we let it into the physical sphere it will find Its own way into the moral. There is no such thing as too much sunlight. A NEW "AMERICA" NKEDKD. Patriotic Movement for a Tane Hcy of (he Soli." Chicago Tribune. The Rhode Island Society of the Cincin nati has become dissatisfied with the na tional anthem "America" because the music to which It Is sung Is not American snd not even original and, worse than that. because It is the music to the British na tional hymn, "God Save the King," the words and tune of which are said to have been written in the eighteenth century by Henry Carey. The Rhode Island patriots are right in their contention. The words of "America" were written in 1832 by Prof. Samuel F. Smith, a Baptist clergyman and a graduate of the famous 1829 Harvard class. The song was first sung In Boston in tho year in Which it was written to the tune of "God Save the King." and that has been Its tune ever since. To secure a fitting musical setting for the words the Rhode Island society has offered a gold medal. Further compensation must be look for In the subsequent fame which will come to the successful composer. The terms of the offer are contradictory. The tune will have to meet snd pass the se verest criticism of competent musical Judges and at the same time satisfy the popular taste. The music which may be accepted by the experts, however. Is often "caviare to the general." Perhaps some middle way may be found and an "Amer ica" be produced which will satisfy both sides. In any event, a new tune Is needed and new words would not be out of place, for the present ones are hardly up to date and the form of the verse Is restrictive upon the composer. The offer of the medal and the chance of glory may set many pens at work, aqd out of the multiplicity of compositions one msy be found which wtll bo acceptable not only to the Judges, but to the whole people. It may not be as stately as the Austrian hymn nor as fiery aa the "Marseillaise," but if It Is something Amer ican and somethtng the people can slnr it will be all right. . PERSONAL MENTIOX. The editor of the Manila Volcano, having keen fined $100, with a day In prison to think It over, will nrobsbl ha ).. i in future. If the "war room," so-cslled, of the White house Is turned into a bedroom the sleeper therein may reasonably expect to have the nightmare. Paul Revere's house In Boston, from which he started out on the "ride" April 19, 1775. Immortalized by Longfellow, Is now a "Bancs Itallana." Paris baa a .mighty hunter, the viscount of Bourg de Bozas, who, .with his trusty rifle, killed six big elephants In four min utes. Tartarin of Tarascon did nothlnc Ilka this. ' Aleon S. Sherman, Chicago's oldest liv ing ex-mayor, was 91 on Monday. He has the unique distinction of being numbered among the departed In a Chicago almanac of this year's Issue. M. Blenvenu, chief engineer of the Paris Metropolitan underground railway, la about to visit the United States to study the American system of passenger hsndllng, as well as various projected underground roads in the larger cities. John Hays, a close friend of President McKlnley, has just died In Cleveland st the sge of 17. He opened the first copper mines In the Lake Superior district and Interested the Hanna family in the min ing district of the upper lakes. He was a Pennsylvanlan by birth. Castle Loo, where Queen Wllhelmlna lies 111 of typhoid fever. Is an ancient pile with a history redolent with the mold ot ages, and sanitary appliances calculated to start an epidemic of any old disease. It would not taks first prize sa a health resort. In everything except the suae of which it U built it Is rotten wUh the ooze and slime of countless generations, and the damp atmosphere of the place is enough to drive a atrong mas to drlns The re covery of the popular young queen under the elreumstances 4ll bs a great victor tor madsra medical skill. FOR THE STATE TICKET. Fremont Tribune: W. D. Holbrook's csn- dldacy for lieutenant governor Is generally accepted as the right thing. Ord Journal: A large number of repub lican papers In this vicinity spoke com pllnientsry of Peter Mortensen as a candi date for stste treasurer In their Issue of lsst week. O'Neill Frontier: J. P. A. Black of Bloomlngton, Neb., has announced himself as a candidate for the republican nomina tion for governor. Mr. Black Is one of the active, progressive republicans of the Fifth congressional district and la sure to be an nctlve figure In the next state convention. Rushvllle Record: As the time gets nearer for the state convention our prefer ence for Judge Jessen for governor gro,ws stronger. We have not heard a word against him, and we have somehow a pretty good opinion of a coursgeous, upright Judge. Jessen's record Is all right, and these are the kind we want in office. Custer County Republican: W. 0. Sears of Tekamah, late speaker ot the bous has authorized the use of his name as a candi date for governor, subject to the republican state convention. He seems to be among the leading candidates mentioned by the newspapers. Taul Jessen of Otoe and J. P. A. Black of Franklin are also among the favorites. Tork Times: Out at Bloomlngton, J. P. A. Black haa been brought out as a can didate for governor. The Republican valley could hardly bring out a more able and creditable candidate, and they have a lot hot good men out there. Mr. Black is an educated man and a good lawyer, as well as a highly respected citizen. He would make a good governor. Central City Nonpareil: W. M. Robert son of Norfolk Is receiving some flattering endorsements aa a gubernatorial candidate. He has a strong following, not only In the Third district, but throughout the stste. The Nonpareil bellves Mr. Robertson would make a good governor; and, one thing Is certain, It he Is elected Ez and Joe and their gang will have to take a seat out In the bsck yard. Blair Pilot: The mention of Hon. W. D. Haller's name as a candidate for lieutenant governor of Nebraska is a good one and brings to the front the name ot a man who In public life has been a staunch friend ot the taxpayers. The Pilot has faith in Mr. Haller's Integrity and believes that Mr. Mai ler, Bhould he receive ths nomination, for lieutenant governor, would much strengthen the ticket. His work In the legislature Is still well remembered, and during his long public service no man has ever had cause to question his acta. Hartlngton Herald: Judge Robertson hss many old friends In this county who are Staunch supporters of his candidacy for governor and he . made a very favorable Impression on those whom he met for the first time. Judge Robertson Is unquestion ably an able, energetic and fearless man. who If nominated and elected would bring to the executive branch of the state gov ernment the, stamina that would make him governor In fact as well as In name. Pres ent Indications are that Cedar county will be in the Robertson column with thirteen enthusiastic supporters. Springfield Monitor: Among Nebraska republicans who sre willing to serve the people as governor of our great state is H. H. Wilson, a prominent attorney and politician of Llncola. Years ago, way back in the early '70s, Wilson taught sev eral terms of school In (his county and If we remember light it was In the Forest City, Potwln and Oates districts. The writer became acquainted with him at that time and while attendicg the State univer sity. ' Wilson has continued to push for ward tc the top of the ladder from the very start and now his smbltion is to be governor of Nebraska. TRICKY STATESMANSHIP, Strangling; the Measure for Election of Senators by Popular Vote. Chicago Reoord-Herald (rep.). The senate committee on privileges and elections has probably beaten the resolu tion for the election of United States sena tors by the people by adopting the Depew amendment. The amendment provides that the qualifications entitling citizens to vote for senators shall be uniform throughout the country and that congress shall have charge of ths elections. It Is anomalous and Irrelevant, and it Is condemned by Senstor Dcpew's own speech In Its defense. Consistency should have constrained him to argue for a general "force bill," but In one breath he repudiated ths principle and the objects of such a bill snd In the next adopted them for his special measure. There Is a msnlfest !ack of good faith In such a course, and It becomes the more marked when It Is understood that the sen ator is opposed to the election of senators by the people and would like to see the resolution defeated. The majority of the committee were evi dently actuated by the same motives, the purpose being to put the democratic friends of the resolution In a hole. If they are compelled to vote on the resolution and the amendment together they will naturally prefer that the resolution Itself should fall rather than that there should be any Inter ference with the election lawa in the south. Of the ethics of those laws It is unneces sary to apeak now, but It Is clear that they have been lugged into the debate on the election of senatora by the people without excuse. The attempt Is being made to de feat a desirable reform by a trick. , OOIFEL OP PRITACT. Becoming- a Marked Characteristic of American Life. Saturday Evening Post. One reason why nobody has written the stsndard book upon American customs snd manners, and a possible explanation why we wait vainly for the great American novel, )s the fact that American life Is In such a constant condition of change. If one were so gifted ss to catch an absolutely accurate picture of the nation this yesr, one would find next year that It was out ot date and untrustworthy. This refers not so much to conditions ot commerclsl pros perity or to fluctuations of political feel ing, as to the small ways of dally life. Never has there been, la the history of the world, a country where Individuals and whole communities have been so full ot ths passion for self-improvement as we are. Among tbs ldess which we ksvs half got hold of, snd whloh we are likely to take up with increasing enthusiasm within the next few years. Is that of the advantages and delights of privacy. We have been domestic without being especially private. We never make much of a point ot pulling the curtains at nightfall across our sitting and dining room windowa, and when we first possessed piano lamps with broad um brella shadss we put them at ones into ths front bay window, so that the passers-by might enjoy them. Formerly we used to crowd Into summer hotels, and ths nearer our chairs stood to ths chairs of our fellow guests ths hsppler ws were. If there Is a trace ot exaggeration In all this ths resder will perhsps pardon It, because It heightens a contrast. Nowadays each one ot us longs for a small cottage in the country wti-ra he may plant bis own vine and fig tree.' We screen our front porches with flowers sod swnlngs. Soon It msy happen that some one will rescue the bsck yard and maks ot it a pleasant garden. Blight aa the evidences of It are, the change Is begun. In America, that Is al most tbs sarns thlag as completed. BITS OF WASIIISftTOt LIFE. Scenes ana Inclaents Observed at the National Capital. Improvements of s radical character In the Interior arrangements of the White House are contemplated. It Is proposed to uproot modern alterations, msde in yesri past, and restore the rolonlsl character of the building both In decoration and ar rangement of the rooms. For that purpose sn srchltect Is making plans and esti mates to enable the proper committees to provide the necesssry expense. No president who hss In the pnst found it necessary to remodel or renovate the White House has hsd in mind keeping It strictly to the period In which It was built until the matter tell Into the hands of President Roosevelt. Modern works of art snd mod ern furniture snd modern decoration have taken the place of the colonial effects without an effort at preserving the origi nal. What has been done at Mount Ver non will be done at the White House. Th9 modern stained glass In the front ball will be removed, leaving the stately propor tions of the hall untouched by throwing what is now the vestibule and the red cor ridor into one. Some modern msntels ot Inferior outline will be replaced by thoso copied after the fine ones in some of the first floor rooms. The effort of the presi dent will be to preserve and not destroy the historic value of the house. Senator Kerns ot Utah Is doing some large entertaining this season, reports a Wash ington letter. He lives at a leading hotel snd has the reputation of being very rich. He started business when he was 14: at that time ha became a "freighter," carry ing miners' supplies from a railroad terminus in Nebraska to ths Black Hills. He hsd quit school four years before for the mors remunerative occupation of farm work In Holt county. He discovered the Mayflower and Bllver King mines and that was the turning point In his fortunes. He left off laboring at )2 a day and soon went to buying railroads and gathering In politi cal honors. He and Senator Clark of Mon tana make a congenial working team. They are now laying a railroad from Salt Lake to Los Angeles, Senator Hanna was recently Informed by one of his colleagues that Senator Julius Catsar Burrows of Michigan proposed to make a big fight against the Cuban reci procity bill. "Oh, don't worry about that." replied Hanna, "It doesn't prove anything, beyond the fact that Burrows haa a remarkable capacity for getting on the wrong side of an argument." "Yes." replied the other, "but you don't know Burrows. He will fight on, and on, until the last moment." Senator Hanna paused and then slowly surveyed his companion with the half compassionate smile ot one who pities an other's ignorance. "Of course he'll fight to the last moment." answered the stout Ohloan, "but he won't fight a minute longer. Did you ever know Burrows to be out of line at the finish? I never did. He'll fall in with the procession all right." Delegate Dennis Flynn of Oklahoms has a German constituent whose name, for the purposes of this story, is Henry. The worthy German, who speaks with a broad accent, wanted a place as oil inspector, relates the Washington Post, and cams to Flynn with his application. "That's all right," said Flynn, "but you should see the governor. Tell him what you want and he will fix It." Henry went to the governor. A few days later he saw Flynn again. "Denny," he said, "I haf vent to the gov'nor and I haf told him vot I vant.. He says he vlll glf me dus consideration. I says to him that I do not vant dus consideration, but I vants the inspectorship. I says to him to gif that due consideration to the other feller. By ths way, Denny, vat sort of s place Is this 'due consideration' snywayT" While "Private" John Allen was in Washington recently he started this story on Its rounds. "There is sn East St. Louis citizen named Zellerbaum. Zellerbaum saw little service during the civil war, but Insists that he was In the greatest battles. To his hearing one night at a Grand Army of the Republic campflro Zellerbaum waa telling of his prowess in two battles. A little man In the back of the hall arose. " 'Both these battles were fought on the same day and 1.600 miles apart,' he asld. " 'My - friends,' shouted Zellerbaum, 'there's a traitor among us! Throw the rebel out!' "And they did." Secretary Shaw tells a story on Prof. Hyatt, the weather observer at St. Louis. Prof. Hyatt has the appearance of a busi ness man. During the recent street car strike he was about to get on a car when a member of the strike committee stepped up to him and asked if he Intended riding on the car. The weather man replied that such was his Intention. The striker sought to persuade him not to ride, but the pro fessor preferred riding to walking and started to get on the car. "Well, if you ride on that car we wtll withdraw our patronage from you," said tho striker. I don't care whether you patronize me or not. I'm In ths weather business," replied Prof. Hyatt, as he hopped on the car. Prominent men receive all sorts of things by mall, but a letter found In Senator De pew's mail last week will match the most of them. It is from a small town In south ern Indiana. "Dear Mr. Depew," It said, "we are get ting up a negro minstrel show for the pur poss of buying a sett of colored dishes for tbs Baptist church. We are to have four end men, two of whom are women, and one interlo you know who I mean (I can't spell It), who slta In the middle. We need a lot of new and decent Jokes, so ss not to shock. There sre lots of old women In our church. "Won't you sit down and write us about fifty good new Jokes; soms things that havs never been used before? Make them splitters,' aa this show Is for a new sett of dishes for the Baptist church. Please grind them out as soon as possible, snd send them to me. "P. S. We will put on the program: 'All these original Jokes wers made up by Chauncey Depew.' That will pay you for the work." TESTED CHOIRS. Seatlmeat In Their Favor Overcoming Lltaralcal Objections. Chicago Chronicle. Despite the high and austere Intent of Wesleyanism and Calvinism and without detracting an lota from the essential stand ards of either there Is a msnlfest reaction In favor of surpllced choirs among con gregations hitherto averse by tradition to liturgical associations. Classic denunciations of prelacy by Puri tanism are still read with Interest sod pleasure, but chiefly for the sske of the style. Milton's prose was never aa popu lar as his poetry: It grows less so every generation. . But when Milton writes eVen prose, even prose glossed over and over with once fresh but now stale Latin and Greek compounds; when Milton piles up epithets until a verbal Felien surmounts a verbal Oasa, bs will continue to be read mors or less, perhaps less. But while Milton will alwsys command homsgs hs will not always be convincing. Without, however, reinstating prelacy la unpreWlcal places a surpllced choir msy be Installed In a meeting house and not reverse Its colors nor darken Its predilection for aim. pllrlty. The vested choir arrears to be gaining to almost the point of a vested right. There are reasons wholly untheoloslcal In Its favor. If all the members of the choir wesr the sams hue snd cut of tunic there Is less dlstrsctlon caused among the wor shipers by their presence. A vsrlety ot bonnets on the soprani snd altl benches lures many a sensitive being away from prayer book and hymnal to millinery and mantua-mskers. . Variegated scarfs and neckties among tenorl snd bassl dazzle the young of both sexes and make for wnrld llness, while the white garment worn by one and all suggests other worldllness. There Is undoubtedly sn esthetic argu ment, moreover. In favor of the white tunlo. White Is more becoming to most complex Ions thsn sny texture containing a plument, for white and black are not colors, but only light and shade. White also Is the most beautiful ot symbolism. It Is the emblem of Innocence. If tastefully draped It may even symbolize the angenc array of organ pipes with an unseen but imaginable 8U Cecilia at the keyboard. The churches with vested choirs are likely to have larger congregations, per manent and transient, then churches with out vested choirs. For now as formerly many to church repair not for ths doctrine but the music there. Good singing Is a potent ally for doctrine. Did not Luther sing the reformation to success? Now comes ths time to reform the singing snd to that end a vested choir Is ss regular army officers leading volun teers to victory. HOT A Tit IE "RECORD. Maw tho Oraaa of Connrr.a s Edited for Political Effect. New York Mall and Express. Ths Congressional Record Is not at pres ent conducted for the benefit of the people who pay for It, but for the convenience and ulterior political purposes of the members of congress. When sn average representative In ths lower house, for instance. Is permitted by Speaker Henderson to make a speech, he Is perfectly well aware that he will not be reported In the newspapers. The paper have a great many things to publish, and have no room for the average congress man's remarks. The member does not ex-r-ect to Influence the houss. He knows that It la Influenced by other considers tlons than those which the chance repre. sentatlve can bring forward In a set speech. Whst he wants to do Is to get his re marks before his constituents in the most Impressive way. He does not even expect them to read his speech, but he wants them to know that he made It, and to suppose that It Is of consequence. So he does what the rules permit him to do and the practice of the house encourages him In doing he takes his speech out of ths report of the regular proceedings In the next day's Record; be cuts out Its worst passages and sdds to Its leaden stupidity various brass ornaments of rhetoric; he puts a title and a beautiful poetical extract at the head of It; beneath this he places his own name, with Its prefix of "Honor able," and his Parlous congressional attri butes, in displayed lines, below tEls; he haa printed all by Itself In a subsequent num ber of the Record, and then, under his frank, he has it circulated all over his district. His constituents get the idea that their representative's address Is being honored with especial prominence and distinction In the Record. It seems to them to be de tached and put forward because it was deemed too important for Inclusion In the ordinary routine. They are Impressed. And the representative's object is accom plished, so far as that speech can accom plish It. The Congressional Record Is by this prac tice perverted from ita true purpose. Its report of the proceedings of congress ought to be a true and complete record, from which the people, or the few men who look into things and form Judgments for them, ran tell Just how much of the wheat of actual sense and information Is mixed up In the chsff of buffoonery, "bluff," buncombe and blundering that make up four-fifths of the talk in congress. The Record ought net to be a mere trick to impose on the electors. It should be full, honest, accurate and ab solutely literal and downright In Its picture of the public proceedings of congress. BREEZY REMARKS. Detroit Free Press: He I know It! I feel ltl You have been flirting- with some other man. Bho But, my dear, I was so lonesome without you. Philadelphia Press: "They have two serv ant." "Huh, that's nothing. We usually havo two In our house; one going and the other coming." V UHBl' WO,. .lie v.. ' .-.- . gedlun went out to advertise his own show. "That." said the Jnker. aa the tragedian strapped on the boards, "la a good Illustra tion or a nam-sanawicn. Washington Star: "What do you think win h the ontrome of this Isthmian canal enterprise?" "Well," answerea uenator norznura, wim the air of a man who weighs his opinions, "1 think I can guarantee you some very fine opinions." Boston Trat.scrlpt: Edith What makes vou look so downcast, Huth? There must be something- that's troubling you. Ruth Tell you the truth. Kdlth. my rfisr ried life has been a disappointment. Be fore we were married all. the girls were after Charley; but now It doesn't appear that any of them want him. I should ho so happy If one or two of them would only try to steal him away from me. Philadelphia Press- "Whenever I'm In clined to lose my temper." said the philo sophic man. "1 Just think to myself: Oh. there's no use getting mad.' " ''Bo do I," replied the excitable person, "and that makes me all the madder." Chicago Post: "Things are very badly ar ranged In this world." "How so?" "Why, the man with the money tinually lacks the digestion and the miin with ths digestion seldom has the money. An Oklahoma poet haa Improved on Poor Richard. He says: Karly to bed and early to rise, IWs very well for skk foils and guys. But It makes a man mlxs all the fun till And Joins "he stiffs that have gone to ths skies. Oo to bed when you please, A'.l1dle,Ju2tUth.a;,ame with some Latin disease. SASSArstAX TEA. y V Nesblt In Baltimore American, gome folks takes their !"r- Made of don't know what Says It tones the system, An' helps out a lot. Borne folkM likes their tonlcaj Hut I think, b'gee, B nothln' in ths sprlngtlms (Jood as sassafrsx tea. Course, I know tho doctors Says 'at trons sood; ISut they charse for tellin , An' It s understood They won't cure nobody ThoJt they get their fee. Shucks! You take your doctoral 111 take sassafrax tea. Boon ss I f'l rusty. I gets Kjiade an am Then 1 hunts a holler Where ihey's safcuafrax. Htle the roots, then strain em B retell. If so be yoj Ilka It. Then Its ready, Ijrlnk your Sumatra lea. It ain't got no poaters, Tellin' what It dese "'Fore sn' after takln . 'Best that ver was. Nor no testymonyuls. Hut you bank on me! Knock that Herd feelln' With soma safra tea. V 4