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THE OJlllIA DAILY BEE: MONDAY, JUNE 10, 1002.
Tim omaiia Daily Bee. E. ROSEWATKR, EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: Dally lire (without Sunday), One Tear.J4.00 Dully l.e and Holiday, One Year 6.00 Illustrated Lire, One lear rlunuay liH., one Year ..t 2-W tjaturuuy if. e, One lear 1-60 Iwtnli.'ih Century Karmer, One Year. l.WU UEL1VKREL) BY CARRIKR. Dally Hee v.ithout Sunday), per copy.. 2c DsJly Hoe (without Sunday), per week. .Lie Dully i(ee (including BundayJ, Jr week. 17c buiiilay iee, per coyy bo Evening bee (wltbuui Build)). er week.Wc EveriiiiK Hue (.:, eluding Sunday), per Week lie Complaints of Irregularities In delivery should be addressed to CUy Clrculatlua Department ' OFFICES. Omaha The Hee Hulldlng. South Omalia City Hall llulldlng, Twe;i-ty-(lfili and M streets. Council Bluffs 1 pearl Street CIiIiikl-JWk fluty Hulldlng. New York Temple Court. Washington 6ol Fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. Communications relating to news and editorial matter should be addressed: Omulia Hee. Editorial Depurtuient. H L SI .N ESS LETTERS. Business letters and remittance should be addressed. The Hee Publishing Com pany, omaha. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or postal order, payable to Ihe Hee Publishing Company. Only Ji-cent stamps accepted In payment of mail accounts. Personal checks, except on Omaha or eastern exchange, not accepted. IHE HEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. State of Netiraska, Douglas County, ss.: George B. Tz.tchuck, secretary of The Be Publishing Company, being duly sworn, ays that Ihe actual number of full and complete copies of The Dally, Morning, Evening and Sunday Hee printed during the month of May, una, was a follows: 2U.UVO 17 !iU,3uo KU,4ao 18 Xu,5UO 19 21t,tKI0 itti.ttfto aa 2u,hhi 1 a,2!0 21 2H.H40 SO.aoO 22 ro.suo 1 S0.7UO U 2t,470 SM),M0 24 2D.RHO JSU.7UO 25 21I.B40 M 2t.4S 26 ...XIMSIO !fl,nJ 27 2U.B30 iSW.WSO 28 2,61H) 211,030 2 ...29,430 2.;jO (0 2u,0 15 20,570 81 21,S10 I 2W,B4M Totttl 910,03 Less unsold and returned copies.... lo,76 Net total sales tHM,)8 Net dally average 3CH81V GEO. B. TZSCHUCK, h-ICI,b?K.n0mr Fna" and sworn to ,ur6i tbi" 311,1 av f May, A. D. 1901. tsJ jv. h. H U NQATE, Notary Public When It comes to polities they do some funny funny things la South Omaha. If Governor Savage only pursued his good Intentions more he would have to explain loss. The name of Governor Savage is not a thing to conjure with In republican primaries at Omaha. No name should be placed on the re publican state ticket for which an ex planation or defense will have to be entered. The republican state convention should steer clear of the dark horse. Tast ex perience, with dark horses has not proved satlsfactoryi Hardly much likelihood of any fusion convention In Nebraska requiring more than 150 ballots to reach a choice as to candidates this year. It is to be hoped that in the revision and equalization of taxes the Board of County Commissioners will not make flesh of one and fish of another. Omaha still holds its position as the econd pork packing center of America, and the prospect is that it will continue to hold it for some time to come. Irrigation means more land for culti ration in the semi-arid regions and more land for cultivation means more settlers to consume the products of mill and factory, from which labor derives em ployment. If State Treasurer Stuefer reads the temper of the rank and file of repub licans aright, he will relieve his friends by reasserting his determination not to accept a rcnomtnatlon at the hands of the state convention. A comparative table of the amount of dog tax collected . at Omaha, Kansas City, Denver and Council Bluffs reduced to per capita percentages may be looked for in the next bulletin to be issued by the railroad tax bureau. county commissioner Connolly . pro claims an ardent doslre to reform the ttounty hospital manuguiunt by taking It out of politics. This Is a frank ad inlsslou that the hospital management has iM'en a football of politics right aloug. Nebraska contingent id Oklahoma keeps well up in the front of the federal pie counter. John Jensen, formerly a very active factor in Fillmore county pontics, mis just Deep, reappointed as agent of four or five Indian tribes in Indian territory. Later in the campaign, when the stream of literature under congressional frank begins to flow out of Washing ton, the people will understand better that most of the oratory with which congress is being regaled from day to day is Intended solely for home con sumption. When it comes to selecting a camll date for lieutenant governor Nebraska republicans in state convention should not fall to realize the Importance of the position. No one can foretell when the contingency may arts to impose upon the Ik-utenunt governor the duties and functions of the governor. . i .iu la spite of the fifteenth amendment, which prohibits all discriminaton on ac count of race, color or previous coudl tlon, the commissioner of Internal reve nue has Just issued an order to tax compounds of lard and cow fat traveling under the label of home made butter whenever it is given an octoroon color. If united States revenue offlcers can violate tha constitution with impunity, wbat ara w coming to next WAKT AX IXncSTIOATlOX. Several prominent gentlemen hare sent a petition to congress nuking that Joint ppeelal committee be n pointed to Investigate conditions In the I'hlllp- Ines, pnst and present. They suggest that the committee le of sutllcleiit size to command puMIc confidence by con taining representatives of toth parties and advoeates of nil different lines of ollry, to the end tlmt full Information may bo elicited "and the greatest ios- sible volume of variant light shed upon the duties and obligations which this people have had forced upon them or oluntnrily assumed." They request that the committee be so constituted t to enable it to cover the entire Held of Investigation within the limited time at its disposal and suggest that it should be accompanied by a body of experts. military and civil, representing the med ical, sanitary, industrial and other scl- ntlfie phases Involved "In the great nd complex problem to be considered." In the. opinion of the petitioners "on the spot and in this way only can the Amer ican people be properly and fully nd- Ised as to tLe duties and obligations now Imposed upon them." The first question that presents Itself Is as to whether such a committee Is necesRiuy and whether Its investigation would have any real value. It Is pro posed by these gentlemen that the gov ernment shall spend many thousands of dollars lu sending a number of men of varying views to the Philippines, ac companied by scientific experts, and hat assurance enn there be that such committee would give congress nnd the country more complete nnd better In formation regarding conditions In the rchlpelngo than can be secured through the Philippine commission and the mil itary authorities in the island? The men composing the commission are capable, honorable and trustworthy. There are officers In the army fully qualified to give Information upon the scientific phases of the problem. It would seem that these sources are ample from which to obtain all the Information that con gress may require and that to send such committee to the archipelago as Messrs. Adams, Carnegie and the others propose would be a waste f money. Doubtless there are some things yet to be learned In regard to the Philippines, some conditions as to which fuller and more accurate knowl edge is desirable, but It Is not apparent that It Is necessary to send a special committee and a body of experts there In order to obtain whatever additional Information congress may need or wish. We have the means of securing it al ready In the Philippines and it can be had without drawing more money out of the national treasury. It seems safe to assume that this will be the view of a majority in con gress. ExlBtlng conditions in the Phil ippines appear to be quite satisfactory. The Insurrection is ended and the work of the civil authorities Is making prog ress. Legislation is pending which If enacted will promote good feeling and bring about a general Improvement in conditions. We cannot see any sound and sufficient reason for sending a spe cial committee to the Philippines. IX TUB SIXTH I STRICT. The nomination of Moses P. Klnkaid as the republican candidate for congress in the Sixth Nebraska district ought to insure the redemption of that district to the republicans in the next national house of representatives. Judge Klnkaid went into the nominating convention as the leading candidate and held his trength without diminution through 170 ballots and won out by the steadfast ness of bis supporters. Having twice made the race under adverse conditions, it was ho more than fair that he should be made the candidate again, when everything points to success, provided only a vigorous and aggressive cam paign Is waged. For this the wide ac quaintance of Judge Klnkaid in the dis trict and his experience In previous canvasses will surely serve In good stead. The people of the Sixth district have been enjoying unprecedented and con stantly increasing prosperity since the administration of national affairs under republican policies. The effects of re publican prosperity have been seen In the steadily weakening grip oi me iu sionlsts, at one time all-powerful there. which ought to be entirely shaken oft at the coming election. The ability of Judge Klnkaid to represent his coustit ueucy with credit in congress is con ceded by alL He is closely identified with the various interests of his section of the state, whose advancement will certainly be substantially promoted by bis election. 1XCRCASE THZ CUMMtSSlOXS PvW&R The Pittsburg Chamber of Commerce a few days ago adopted a resolution ask ing congress to pass such legislation as will confer upon the Interstate Com merce commission power to enforce its findings and it will ask all chambers of commerce lu the United States to Join with it in petitioning congress for this legislation. Undoubtedly there will be a favorable roepouse from most if not all of these commercial organizations, which represent the shipping interest of the country and have iu the past ex pressed themselves in favor of strength euiug the authority of the Interstate Commerce commission. It the petitions of these bodies are to have any effect at the present session of congress they must be made promptly, is now indicated the session will las but a few weeks more and It appvurs very doubtful whether tl;e proposed amendments to the interstate commerce law will be acted upon at this session There are two measures proposing amendments which differ In important respects aud utiles a compromise shall be effected, which is questionable, the matter is likely to go over to the next session, which being the short session would give opportunity to those hostile to the proposed legislation to defeat action and thus leave the question for the next congress. Of course the rail road Influence will be exerted to this end. It Is to be regretted that the com mercial Interests of the country hare not manifested greater concern In this cry important matter and taken earlier the course now advised by the Pittsburg haniber of Commerce. An earnest np- lenl to congress early In the session by the commercial bodies of the country, followed by active and persistent effort to secure consideration for the needed legislation, would probably have had the desired result However, present action by thes organizations may not be fruitless. MKRCEH S PLAX OF LAMPAtGX. Tho mist In which tho Mercer cam paign has been enveloied and en shrouded is gradually lifting and a glimpse of the chessboard on which our non-resident congressman proposes to maneuver for a sixth term nomination s furnished by the Omaha corre spondent of the Lincoln Journal, who gets his Inspiration direct from the Mer cer board of strategy. It Is an open secret thnt the plans for the stealthy capture of Sarpy and Washington counties for Mercer were carefully laid In Omaha and approved at Washington weeks ago. Being cock sure of Sarpy county, the call for the county convention expressly provided for the election of delegates to the con gressional convention whenever and wherever It might be held. In Wash- ugton county, however, a loophole was left open by having the call Ingeniously worded so as to negative the selection of delegates In case the congressional committee failed to call a district con vention before June 7. With full knowl edge that no call for a congressional convention had yet been issued, the Mercerlte contingent in the Washington county convention elected fifteen dele gates to the congressional convention and pledged them to Mercer. The unexpected outcome in Sarpy county, where tho issue was squarely fought out in the primaries, followed by the election of an anti-Mercer delega tion, completely upset the original plan and now It Is given out thnt Mercer's congressional committee proposes to ig nore the action of both the Washington and Sarpy county conventions by reviv ing the Blackburn call of two years ago, which overrides all the couuty commit tees and arrogates to Itself the power of making the apportionment of dele gates to the congressional convention by ward and precinct and conducting the primaries under its own arbitrary regulations designed to embarrass Mer cer's competitors and place them at a disadvantage. But the plans of men and mice oft gang aglee. The republicans of this dis trict will not countenance any Jugglery or trickery that would either disfran chise the majority or foist upon the party a candidate" who is not the free and untrammelled choice of the iua- ority of the party. Issuing misleading bulletins may be entertaining diversion for the railroad tax bureau, but the question to be an swered by the supreme court is Why should the railroad franchises, which constitute the most valuable part of their property, go untaxed, while prop erty owners without special privileges have to pay disproportionate taxes? The announcement is made that Web ster Davis is through with politics and will remove to New York. This Is not entirely exact. Webster Davis got through with politics two years ago, when he made his lightning change transit from the Philadelphia convention to the Kansas City convention. Some of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, who are now seeing the sights In San Francisco, may be disinclined to furnish a schedule of detailed specifica tions of the sights when they come home. That also will be handed down to future generations among the sublime mysteries. By the way, what has become of the monthly statements showing the amounts and whereabouts of county funds that County Treasurer Elsasser started out to give the public? Are these exhibits reserved only for the period Just before and after election? Dade Jolts for Cupid. Cleveland Leader. Eight Injunction have been Issued In Ne braska to prevent the marriage of a frisky octogenarian. Who will say that the power of the courts is not being abused in thai case? Good Head for Business. St. Louis Globe-Democrat. Italy's youDg king must have a long head for business. His Investment In American coal mines shows that he Is an intelligent student of the world's industrial commer cial development. Innovations of Peace. Minneapolis Times. Swords will not be beaten Into plowshares In South Africa nor spears Into pruning hooks, but It U said that arrangements have been made for the sale of the barb wire trochas to the Boers at a nominal price for use in making fences. Thus the wire that stopped the fierce Boer, or tailed to stop him, will keep peace-loving klne within proper bounds hereafter and may it serve warlike uses no more forever. Misdirected Generosity. Kansas City Star. Cuba confers no favor on this country In grautlng amnesty to all Americans con fined in its pririons. By this act Neeley, the convicted postofflce boodler, goes free. It would have been much better if the Cubans bad chosen some other method of showing their gratitude to the American people. Creating justice to oblige a coun try that Is not concerned for the libera tion of thieves is good feeling sadly mis directed. Canada Eiuerleaces a Chill. Philadelphia Record. Consternation has been created in Canada by the proposed syndicate boycott against outside steamship lines running to Can adian ports. It Is feared 'that Immigration to Canada may either be obstructed by excessive charges or diverted by antagon istic solicitation through syndicate agencies In Europe and arrangements with trunk Uses of railway la the Inlted States. There is already talk In the Canadian newspapers of the maintenance of an efficient trans atlantic jmasenger service. If. It b" neces sary, by the aid of a government subvention. School ntlona Banished. Wsshlngton Tost. Hon. William M. Stewart declares that when a state has money it doesn't need sympathy. This la sufficient to prove that the gentleman from Nevada has been able to rid bis Intellectual system of all the virus It ahsorbed from "Coin's Financial School." Cry In "Hold, EnonKh." Chicago Chronicle. No matter what the motive of the sen atorial opposition to the Danish treaty, the opposition la to be encouraged. No sane man who is not financially Interested will contend that we want any more Islands. The recent Job lot is enough for all needs during the next half century. Bound to Be Curbed. Cleveland Leader. The bigger the trusts grow and the greater the power they wield the more surely they will come Into contact with the authority of the nation, represented by its chosen officials. That is a'ceitainty based not merely on laws, but on the vital elements of human nature. -When organiza tions become great enough their very size must make their character and effects the urgent business of the state. Timely Word of Caution. Norfolk News. The Omaha Bee wisely cautions Nebraska republicans to exercise great care in the selection of candidates for the state legis lature. Many questions of prime impor tance will be submitted to the coming body and men who are thoroughly reliable should be nominated. There will be no election of United States senators to interrupt the work of the body and the men nominated should be selected with a special view to their fitness for grappling with questions of purely local Importance. Ia so doing the republicans will not only pave the way to succeea In their various districts this fall, but will be Instrumental In securing a legislature that will be a credit to the people and of value to the state, and there fore strengthen ' the republican party for ensuing campaigns. Voters attending the primaries and caucuses should ' remember this sound advice and see to It that men are choacn, not merely because they are good fellows and have a political pull, but because they have an ability to quickly and permanently get on the right side of questions of vital concern to tbe state. Opponents of the republican party will be prompt to take advantage of any weak nesses that may be left In the legislative ticket by, a neglect to observe wiee discre tion in tbe selection of candidates. PROPOSED BASK COMBINATION. Serious Objections to a Scheme Likely to Breed Paalc. Phljddelphla Ledger. Something akin to a bank trust la about to be organized, hut there is, fortunately, no danger that it will gain a monopoly of the business. The present company, with a capital of $5,000,000 and surplus of 145, 000,000, is not to engage directly in the banking business, but is simply to buy a controlling Interest In banks throughout the country and direct their affairs in combina tion. It is to own a national bank in New York and the offlcers of tbe corporation are to be the officers of the banks. In the chief financial center of the country and in each of the state capitals a controlling interest in one '.national bank will be pur chased and the affairs of all the institu tions will be .directed from New York. There can be no run upon the parent cor poration, for It will not be doing a banking business, but there might be a run upon one or more of the banks in the combina tion and the several banks would be so in timately connected that disaster to one would probably bring ruin upon all. There would also be great temptation to a con centration of capital in New York for spec ulative use, with its attendant dangers. Tbe prospectus states, of course, only the fa vorable view of the combination, such .as facility in making exchanges and the trans fer of funds from one part of the country to aaother to meet 'the varying demands of the seasons, but it Is extremely doubtful whether these advantages outweigh the risks Involved. The healthiest banks are local concerns whose stockholders and officers are known to each other and whose business is pro moted and closely watched by all. The officers of the new corporation recognize the necessity of having local stockholder! interested In the branch banks, and for that reason do not propose to hold any thing more than a bare majority of the stock in such banks, leaving tbe remainder to be taken by local business men so as to Interest them in the bank. Large as the proposed corporation appears to be, it is insignificant compared with the vast bank ing interests of the country and there is little danger that it would grow into a monopoly or in any way gain control of tbe banking business, but It might do a great deal of mischief to other financial Inter ests in an indirect way. Its failure, for ex ample, after It had established its chain of banks throughout the country or the break ing of a link in the chain would probably create a panic, that would affect disas trously all other financial Institutions. The tendency of the times is toward comblna tlons with great capital and there is in one sense no more reason why such a comblna tlon should not own banks than there la why another should not own sugar mills or another steel works. But In addition to the objections brought to bear against all great combinations of capital tending to the cre ation of a monopoly there Is special objec tion to a combination dealing with money and exchanges. The alightest accident to such a combination, after It should be well established, might bring (temporary) dis aster to the entire nation. BUCKET OP LONGEVITY. , M. If Yoa Wish to Live Lon "choose Long-Lived Aaeeators. American Medicine. A new book upon centenarians has lately been published, written by Mr. T. K. Young. late president of the Institute of Actuaries of England. The records of life insurance and annuity societies have been ransacked and among over 800,000 insured persons be has been able to find only twentytwo cases of centenarians. The oldest of these waa i woman who lived 105 years and 8 months He accepts as demonstrated the mythical character of the story of tbe bfe of Henry Jenkins, who, it bas been believed, lived 169 years, of Thomas I'arr, 152 years and months, and of others. It seems difficult to believe that the dozen or more in stances of people living 125 years or over are also all "mythical." And yet the life Insurance companies should have found at least one such well-'authenticated case. It Is a strange kind of weakness that ruakea people proud of great age, but this vanity often becomes ridiculous and has been tbe cause of the numerous cases of exaggera tlon. It is extremely doubtful If anyone has ever lived 110 years. The subject has always been of Interest, both to the scien tific and the lay public. Those who have Investigated it find that the most clearly ascertainable cause of longevity Is longevity Itself. If one wishes to live long, he should choose long-ltvlig ancestors! AMOKQ TUB Ft 5IONI9T". Superior Journal: R. D. Sutherland tells us that he has withdrawn from the race for fusion nomination for governor. We give Mr. Sutherland credit for considerable worldly wisdom in making this decision. A state campaign is a very expensive luxury when the hope of election Is as "light as It seems to be for any fusion nominee this year. Neligh Yeoman: We have so much avail able timber for the governorship tiiat the Yeoman is at a loss to know which of the many whose names have been prominently mentioned would prove the strongest can didate. If Bryan would allow hie name to come before the convention the rest would probably stand aside, recognizing him as the strongest man before the people. But we understand that he will decline to have his name come up. In that case the two men whose candidacy strikes us most favorably are M. F. Harrington and J. C. Sprecher. Both of these have proved by long service in tbe party that they can be relied on to stand by the principles of the party in any contingency that may arise. We can support either most cheerfully, but between two worthy men we stand by our neighbor, M. F. Harrington, while he has any show of being nominated. Cass County Democrat: While the dem ocracy is casting about for timber with which to down Mr. Burkett, it should be borne in mind that if Cass county cannot furnish available material, there lives in Nemaha county a gentleman who is in every way fitted for congressman and a man who could secure hundreds of republi can votes from his section of the district. The gentleman referred to is the Hon. William H. Kelligar, of Auburn, a true-blue democrat, an honest and upright lawyer and a talented gentleman every day in the week. If tho democracy will persist in nominating a Lancaster candidate against a Lancaster republican, no 'other county in the district will ever be represented in congress. Give the nomination to Kelligar and you will be surprised to see what the field against Lancaster county" can do. The republican party are proud of Paul Jessen as a jurist. The democratic party would feel equally proud of Billy Kelligar as a congressman. Columbus Telegram: There will be no trouble in getting 'together at the Grand Island cenventlons. The proposition re cently submitted by the Telegram to give the democrats the leadership with the nom inee for governor and give all the other nominations to the populists, seems to have met popular approval. That proposition will be favored at Grand Island by demo crats and populists from every section of the state, save here and there, where the personal Interests of certain aspirants may conflict. In his grand appeal for the nom ination of Bryan ex-Senator Allen prac tically concedes that a democrat will be nominated for governor. In fact, nearly all the populist leaders now concede that some such democrat as Thompson, Vlfquain or Smyth will be placed at the head of the ticket. This is a happy solution ot tne situation. Our republican friends will be greatly disappointed at the ease with which pops and democrats will get together at Grand Island. But no matter. It is the business of pops and democrats to disap point republicans. And we'll do it at Grand Island. Columbus Telegrams Our distinguished friend, ex-Senator Allen, emits a line of loeic difficult to understand. Two weeks ago he declared it would be suicidal to nominate any democrat for governor, and here he comes this week with a demand that Bryan shall be nominated. While yielding first place to none in point or loyalty to Mr. Bryan, the Telegram insists that it is neither politic nor fair towards Bryan to ask him to make the race. Today Bryan stands as the idol of all Nebraska demoorats. In every matter affecting his interests he has behind him the undivided support of the democracy of the state. If we should elect him to the governor's chair the making of appointments devolving upon him would ' necessarily pave the way for two factions In the party, where there is only one faction today, and that one a Bryan faction. We should make this cam paign upon state, rather than national issues. If we should nominate Bryan state issues would be lost to sight, and we would be compelled to fight along the line of na tional issues, whether we want to oo so or not, because Bryan is larger than any or all state issues. We believe Bryan could be elected but we do not believe he could in honor accept the nomination. Never a Frenchman went down at Waterloo more loyal to Napoleon than have been the Thompsons, the Smyths and the Vifqualns of Nebraska to Bryan in his two great battles, and it cannot be that the great commander of the national democracy could consent to take now the leadership In state affairs which one of these aides has so justly won. The Telegram cannot presume to speak for Mr. Bryan. He never employs mouthpieces when he desires to make his position known but we dare predict that no Influence can or will be brought to lead him to become a candidate for governor, or to accept a nomination however unanimous. W cannot understand Why Mr. Allen is demanding the nomination of Mr. Bryan. Mr. Allen takes many positions bard, for the average democrat to understand. PERSONAL NOTES. The British treasury Is cheerful and hope ful. Next year's revenue, It Is estimated. will come within $120,000,000 of meeting expenses, and tbe rest can be easily bor rowed. A thousand miles of tbe Honolulu cable are ready to be uncurled. At this rate it will take considerably more than forty minutes to finish that girdle 'round the earth. The late General Charles H. T. Collls made the bequest In his will that bis two regimental flags be deposited In the tomb of his old comrade. General Ulyases S. Grant. Charles J. Osborne, dean of the Associated Press service, will retire July 1. He was the manarcr ot the telegraph office in which Andrew Curnegie was employed as a mes sengar boy. . ' Christian Smith, tbe oldest locomotive engineer In the country, lives near Har ptr's Kerry, Md. He ran the first engine on the Baltimore & Ohio railroad at a speed of from six to eight miles an hour, which was considered rapid tor those days. A pilgrim from Honolulu with an eye peeled for number one expressed keen re (ret because Mauna Loa did not spout Instead of Pelee. It would have given the Islands a great free ad and drawn thither hundreds of visitors. But Mauna is silent and grief abrouds tbe keepers of hotels and boarding bouses. The New York Herald Is authority for the statement that several of the large op erating companies have together 1,355.000 tons of anthracite coal In theHr storage yards, SO. 000 tons of it being at Salem, Mass. Some of the coal at these points has been in tbe heap since 1SS9. The total supply of an thraclta mined and on hand la estimated at from 2. 000. 000 to 5,000,000 tons. Ex-Governor PattUon has a large and healthy contempt for the punctilios of social form. He thinks there's a great deal of an American flubdub about such matters and Illustrates his views on the subject by adding that be never came across anything superior to a reply a Penn sylvania politician received from a friend whom be bad Invited to a reception: 'Yours received. I will be there," was all of It, "and quit enough, too," says tbe ex-gov- rnor. CANDIIIACr OF WILLIAM RTt'EFF.R, Custer County Republican: There is said to be several candidates for state treasurer, which would Indicate that there will be several delegates In the state convention who will not be for tbe renomlnntlon of Mr. Stuefer. Whether the opposition will be able to get together is another question. Grand Island Independent: The Indica tions are that there will be no flghT In the republican state convention exctptlng on the treasurershlp and governorship candi dacies. The delegation from Stuefer'a own county was not Instructed for him It ap pears that he had some little trouble in giving it even a friendly appearance. On the other hand, there will be some pretty strong candidates agalnet him. notably, Mr. Mortenson of Ord. Ord Journal: State Treasurer Stuefer has published a statement of the condition of the state treasury, but he failed to comply with the resolution of the last republican state convention and tell In what banks the state funds are deposited. The Bee and other republican papers which are wanting good government intimate that Stuefer will have to take a back seat when the republican state convention meets. It he don't do it there he will at the polls. St. Paul Republican: This Is no year for the republican party to go into the vindi cation business. State Treasurer Stuefer may have made an admirable record and, BBlde from the Otoe and Cuming county bond deals, he doubtless has done so. He asserts that he has not received a cent from the office outside of his salary, and there is no reason to doubt his word. There Is no question but that he has administered the affairs of the office more honestly and more intelligently than any of bis reoent predecessors. And yet It must be admitted that the disclosures with reference to the bond leals which were made several months ago have never been satisfactorily explained. They proved that, excellent as his ad ministration bas been, Mr. Stuefer permit ted the payment of heavy commissions to a bond speculator which might just as well have been saved to the school fund. They prove that he was, to say the least, in discreet in doing this business through a fellow-townsman and a former business as sociate, although It does not necessarily fol low, nor has any attempt been made, to prove that he shared In the profits ot the deal. But If Mr. Stuefer Is nominated all these charges will have to be met and ex plained away. They will have a tendency to weaken the entire ticket. Tbe party is In no position to make a defensive cam paign this year. Other dead-weights have already been removed. We believe Mr. Stuefer is too good a man and too loyal a republican to Insist upon an action which will jeopardize the chances of party suc cess. HOIXU ABOUT NEW YORK. Ripples on the Carreat of Life In the Metropolis. The Pennsylvania Railroad company has agreed to pay the city of New York the sum of J2.650.200 for the privilege of carry ing its tracks In a tunnel under North river, across Manhattan Island, under East river and into Brooklyn. Originally the cost of the franchise was estimated at J1.3S2.500, but at a conference, of the city officials and President Cassatt of the Penn sylvania company, last week,' the revised figures were submitted and accepted. This sum represents tbe cost of the franchise for twenty-five years, based on a rental of 60 cents a toot for 69,000 feet of track age each year for ten years, and $1 a foot each year for fifteen years, together with a rental of $100 a year for twenty-five years for maintaining its bore under the river. Tbe company must also pay for station rights along the line and for the closing of West Thirty-second street The street will be abandoned from Sev enth to Eighth avenue, and from Eighth to Ninth avenue, leaving Eighth avenue open. All tbe buildings along the line have been bought by the railroad corporation. For tbe grant of the right to close this street the city will receive between $700,000 and $800,000. and additional sums will be paid for ether station sites and Incidental rights. The amount exacted by the city in addition to the trackage rental is about $1,100,000. Blue-eyed Herman, the "mayor's boot black," was back again shining shoes In front of the city' hall after an absence ot nearly a year, during which he won and lost a fortune. His story of his poverty, bis rise and his tumble was told by hlin in a shower of tears. Previous to last June he had been doing business in City Hall park, and three or four mayors were his steady patrons. Craps was tbe foundation of his fortune and horse racing Its brittle walls. With a capital of $46, which he had laboriously accumulated, be won $300 one day in an uptown gambling house, and the next day he went to the race track. "During the first week," be said, "I waa $8,000 to the good, and when the season closed I had $40,000 put away. During the winter I made a few bets In the pool rooms and lost tbem. I opened the season with $24,000 cash. My luck changed in April, and from that on everything I touched went wrong. Last week I sold my kit for $1 and put the dollar on a 20 to 1 shot, and that was the last ot a big fortune. 'Shine, sir!' " The elevated places of amusement are by no means so well patronized as they wero a very few years at,o, and laet summer a number of them were compelled to go out of business owing to a lack- of patronage. Aside from the unquestioned disrepute Into which the roof gardens fell, owing to tbe drinking feature, which was the cause of so many unpleasant scenes, their gradual effacement from the picture as contributory sources of amusement 'a New York during the summer months bas been considerably hastened by the great Increase in the num ber of v well-cooled and well-conducted tathskellars and music gardens. There are literally dozens of such places In New York nowadays where no charge Is made for admission, where the cost of the refections dispensed is extremely rea sonable, and where actually good music may be listened to by folk not in search of dissipation or anything of tbe sort. Quite a number of the free concert gardens pro vide vaudeville bills In every way as pleas ing and satisfactory as those given on roofs where charge ef $1 or $2 is made for admission. ' Nostalgia drives certain of the foreign born residents of New York to tbe tat t try Park Ba-wall in thk spring, just as surely as migratory instincts drive the birds from their southern feeding grounds. On sunny mornings such as these, says the Evening Post, the long rows of benches facing the sea are full of men and women with bright head-dresses acl gayly colored shawls, watching the ships come in. They chat animatedly, and their manners are viva clous. Tbelr talk Is of home, of Tuscan hillsides, of the vineyards, of Cretan vil lages and of the old Mediterranean cities. At regular intervals wben the boat from Ellis Island brings Us load of newly ar rived immigrants to the barge office there is s rush of tbe homesick ones to the edge of the sea-wall. The peasants on the boat wave their hats or brilliant neckerchiefs, and sometimes there is a call of greeting from across tbe water. Those who sit en the benches do not go to tbe park for the clean, cool air, but to satisfy demands that are aesthetic and psychological. "Twenty-eight ysars la that same seat," said the curious reader at the Astor library, pointing to nn old man sitting before a pile of heavy vulumes. He went on to explain: "He's a translator. I saw htm with a German book, some Russian re views and an Italian newspaper. I cal.l to him: 'I see you read many lanuaes.' He said ho made translations from nearly every language, for all forts of purposes books, articles, novels. He bas been at It twenty-eight years. Ho must always have his sent, too. I've seen hlin come In late In the morning, find his scat occupied, and wander about in a helpless, Irritated way until an attendant volunteered to ask the Intruder to move. And wben you see him settle down with a sIkh of relief and steady bin palsied hnnd against the railing to get a focus on the page, you d be glad to move If you happened to have Intruded in hla old place. Twenty-eight years Is s long time, and tbe same seat every day!" TYRANNY OF CORPORATION". Rethlesa Raid on Klsalnsr at Railroad station. Kansas City Star. Watchers for fresh evidence of the clutching of "soulless corporations" upon the people's throat will roll ss a sweet morsel under their tongues this order by the Pennsylvania system: "All trainmen, gatenien and ticket ex aminers In charge of the Jersey City exits will stop all persons from exchanging kisses upon the arrival and departure of trains la this station. This order must be rigidly enforced." The company explains that during rush hours the entrances and exits are blocked by the protracted exchange of greetings be tween travelers and their friends. But the true nature of the order Is apparent on its face. Evidently it is another dynamite cartridge placed under the palladium of liberty. Of course a kiss between two women is not all that Cyrano pictured to Roxane. But, still it is an essential part of the female economy. It Is just as neces sary that a woman kiss a friend at parting as that she adjust her hat In passing a mirror-like store window, or that she Insist on feeding guests stuffed tomatoes set on lettuce because they look so pretty. Society could no more get on without the conven tional kiss than without dancing or white lies or ping pong. A blow at kissing is aimed at the whole social structure. Fortunately the public is used to stand ing up for Its rights. "John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it," said the fiery Andrew Jackson. The Penn sylvania system may Issue antl-kisslng orders a dozen times a day. If It likes, but how will It execute themt The case would hardly seem to call for a policeman. Idle threats and vain entreaties are the only weapons available for the employes. And what would these profit against that most potent feminine defense tearB? It Is easy to conjure up the fate of the gateman who should try to Interrupt a parting scene. The Pennsylvania Is a powerful system, but It cannot run over the ancient institution of kissing. LEAVING BRYAN WITH HIS IDOLS. Hemocacy Said to Be Tnrnlns Again to Principle. New York Times tlnd. 0cm.) Mr. W. J. Bryan spurns the nomination as candidate for governor of Nebraska. He feels that he Is consecrated to the usea of the nation. How can he listen to a twit tering little state when the whole broad union bawls in his ear? But is Mr. Bryan quite sure that he at i 1 hears the voice of his country? The In dlana democrats Ignore him and his Kan sas City platform, not by inadvertance, but of deliberate purpose, after a fight in tbt convention committee. The democrats it the Firth congressional district in Texas, once tbe banner Bryan state, likewise avoided all mention of him and hla plat form. At the harmony meeting held in the democratic state headquarters at Albany Senator McCarren's declaration that If any man owed gratitude and loyalty to the dem ocratc party It was W. J. Bryan, "and that the time bas now come for him to "go 'way back and sit down," evoked no protest. That was plainly tbe sense of the meotlng. Democrats are soberly turning again to democratic principles. Bryan sticks to his Idol of populism. He will not "sit down," nor will he be either grateful or loyal. It Is Impossible that he should receive a third nomination from the party, but he will not let a democrat be elected on a democratic platform if he can help It. The reorganize and leaders of the dem ocratic party have to reckon with a per fectly selfish man, incurably obstinate and prepared to go to any length for the de feat of a candidate whose success Involves his own effacement. LIGHT AND BRIGHT. New York Sun: Mag Say, Mame, yer hat's crooked. Mame Is dat straight? Mag On de level. ( Washington Post: "When you thinks about marryln' a man to reform Mm, Miss Lady," remarked I'mie Eben; "remember dls; It's mo'n he'd ebber do foh you." Detroit Free Press: Wltsor What did the Burgeon charge you for performing the operation? Kidder Well, you see he and I belong to the same lodge, and he made a cut ratu for me. Phllndelphla Press: Stlnjay How did you like that r liar I gave you? It was an "Admiral," you know. BhHrpe What an appropriate name for It. There's something about that cigar su gcHtlvrt of an admiral. Htinjay What's that? Bharpe It's rank. Somerville Journal: Chicago Girl How hUh is the thermometer anyway? Boston Girl Th- thermoinetor Is about five feet from the floor. Hut perhaps what you wish to know Is thu altitude of the mercury. It stands at 87 degrees. ChlcaKO Poat: "You expect to be a suc cess In the law business. Jo you?" "I don't see how I can fall If my plans go rlKht. If I can fix It so as to serve a year or so on the bench first I'll have no trouble In becoming general counsel for a corporation." Ilnltlmore American: "Yes," said Miss Gad. lie. "when I told Mr. Frnnk that I was twenty-five he seemed s'liprls-ii." "I believe he did Intimate that he. couldn t reconcile that aB 'lh the way you talked " "(Iraclous! I hope he didn't consider my conversation too frivolous." "Oh, no, h- merely remarked that you talked like sixty." LAST DAYS OF SCHOOL. W. L. Wilson in Puck. O! what Is so long a a day In June. Wben the last irm of school Is closing! Then the boy's nig heart Is all atwno With the summer sounds of the aicernoon. And the swirl of his thoughts nigh mukes As Ii'e" dream" at his desk, half dozing. Tho woodpeckers dance their r'sadoon I'd the side of the riew-li aved oiik, Amf the bluejay g.iuiilly dressed buffoon With his hari-h luuab scream his Jose. O' the school term's closing days are slow, And the lessons a boy la saying Man naueht to him. He tan only know. While Imprisoned Ulers and depressed with That batting for him In the brooklet's flow. The slim speckled trout are a-playln. You'll never keep a boy's wild thoughts, I trow, . . Within the bounds of a ok. While under the bank where the alders Thee" a place for his Una and hook. O' what Is so long as a day In June. When the school's last term Is ending, Wben the great summer choir Is all in tune. From i he birds' high notes to tbe Insects' croon, While the boy yearns all through the aft ernoon i To follow his thoughts far wending!