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TIIK OMAHA DAILY IXIZIZ: WEDNESDAY, AUOUST 27, 1002.
Ha was thro driven buck to the station Dd in ten minutes the train started out. Loyal Sena of (.awrrarr, LAWRENCE, Mas.. Aug. 26 President Roosevelt and his party, amid the booming at a aaluta, wer received here by Mayor Leonard and member of the city govern ment today. The president was escorted to 4 temporary stand erected at the atatloo, where be addressed one of the largest crowd that eer gathered In thla city. Splendid weather conditions favored the event. The president waa greeted with en thusiastic cheers when he arose to make bla address. He said: l Thla la the section of the country In which the first blood waa shed In the revo lutionary war that made tia a nation, and tt was here also that the two cltlea of Lowell and Lawrenca (rave their sons to pour out thtr life blood, the first of the orenn of life blond poured out from "si to 'f to keep this nation one and great and free. And so It was characteristic of your ctty which sent these men- here to tb great war when a lesser war came up.-my comrade, men of the Ninth regiment, with Whom I served before HnntiBgo. In your turn sprang to the country's call when once again there waa war In the land. (Cheer and applause and other eornrarim of youra, men whom we knew, men of the Ninth regiment, other men In the far off Philippines, have, after three years of un speakable toll and hardship, against a cruel, reckless and elusive foe, finally won victory for the American flag. Our people owe the greatest debt possi ble to you who fought In the great crisis In the great war, but there Is a debt owing also to the men who so gallantly did their Uutv during the past three years to atve the'honor of the flag which you handed to them unstained, should be kept undlmmcd (applause), and now they have fought and their success has meant what the success of the American soldier has alwaya mennt. Men Go Back to the Plow. Tou triumphed, and your foes and tfe tractora said that as mighty an army a youra waa mcsnt the eslauiisnmeni 01 a. despotism In this country, and the minute thst the war waa over you went back to the plow, to the factory and the farm and the office and became citizens again. (Ap plause!. And now In the Philippines our loldlers have fought and won. To do what? Tc lesve the country and establish the rule Of civil authority under the American flag. And now we have brought peace to the Islands. They are better off than ever be fore. Never In their history has each man had, aa he haa now, such a good chance for life, liberty and the pursuit of happi ness. You hava brought self-governing In dividual freedom to the Filipinos of a kind that they could have never known under an anarchic tyranny of their own. Now we will govern the Islands well, we will govern them primarily In their Inter tsts. but In our Interests also. Whether we will or not, we, aa a nation, confront a treat destiny. We can -decide, whether we Will do our work, badly or well- but ws rannot help doing It. We have got to do It somehow and I ask that all men stand shoulder to shoulder aa Americana to see that they do it well. .. i - Alter speaking the preildept stepped back to the train.- Aa It began to move, whistles from a dozen engines were blown and the battery (una boomed again. The train left it 10:30 on schedule time for Haverhill.. President Talks of the Havy. HAVERHILL, Mass., Aug. 26. President Roosevelt's special train arrived In this city at 10:45 a. tn. In a brief address the president said: Naturally, at the- home . of Secretary Moody, 1 should like id say a word or twi about the navy. Siou'see that when one v(a.anv,..ott man would leave the Navy department 1 had to find another Massa chusetts man to take his place. I hinic tit whenever we touch the navy we are sure of a hearty response from any American audience. We are Just as Biire nf irh a resnonse out of the mountains and great plalna of the west as upon me Atlantic or Pacitlc seaboards . The entire country Is vitally Interested In the navy, because an efficient navy of an adequate else Is not only the best guar ntv ,r neace. but It la also the surest means for seeing that If war docs. come the result shall be honorable to our good nam. and favorable K our national Inter ests. Any. really great nation must, be nnxuiini-iv nii1vA to two things: Stain on the national honor at home and dis grace to the national arms abroad. Our honor at home, dur honor In domestic and Internal affairs. Is at all times In our own keeping and depends simply upon tn na tional nossessinn of - an awakened public conscience. But the only way to make our hnnnr as affected, not by our own deeds, but by the deeds of others, Is by readiness In advance. In thraa axeat crises In our history dur Ing the nineteenth century In the war of JM2, in Ue civil war ana again in uie spin l.h warthe navy rendered to the nation set vices of literally incalculable worth. In the civil war we had to meet antagonists even more Drenared at sea than we were On both the other occasions we encountered foreign foes and the fighting waa done en tirely by ships built long In advance and bv officers and crews who had been trained daring years at sea when seamen's quali ties were put to the final test. It waa tnls preparedness which was the trua secret of the enormous difference In efficiency between our navy and that of the Ppanisn nation, mere was no isck oi cour axe and devotion amons the SDanlards. bui on our aide. In addition to the courage and devotion, there was alao that training which cornea only aa the result or years o thorough and painstaking practice. Ann spoils la, with the sole exception of Its sister academy at West Point, the most typically democratic and American school of learning and preparation that there la in tne entire country. There each man enters on his merits stands on his merits nd graduatea Into a service where only his merit will enable mm to be or value. The enlisted men are of fine type, as they needa must be to do their work well, and out of the fine material thus provided th finished man-of-war-man is evolved by years of sea service. -It Is Impossible after tne ouioreau or war to improvise either th ships or the men of a navy. The ship builders and Buumakers mast keeD evai on the alert so that no rivals uasa them bv and the officers and enlisted men on board tne snips must in their turn, by the exer else or unnagging ana intelligent seal, keei themselves tit to get the best use out of th weapona of war Intrusted to their cam The Instrument Is alwaya important, but tne man wno uses it la more Important still, hots That Coaat Those That Hit, Ws must constantly endeavor to perfect vur navy in an us auues in lime OI peace mu, iiuyo an, in nimieu enng in a sea way and marksmanrhlp with the krea guns. In battle the only shots that coun are those that hit and marksmanship Is i matter- or long practice anil of Intelligent rsui!inf. a navy a cuciency in a wa aepeivas mainly upon its preparedness the outset of that war. We are not to be excuseu as a nation If there is not sue preparedness of our navy. No nation haa a rliiht to undertake u hi task unless It Is prepared to do It In master ful and effective style. It would be an Intolerable humiliation lor us to embark on such a course of action aa followed from our declaration of war with Bpaln and not make good our words by deeds not be ready tu prove our truth by our endeavor whenever the need calls. The good work of building up the navy must go on without ceasing. The modern war ship cannot with advantage be allowed to rust in limine. It must be used In active service even In time of peace. This means that there must be a constant' reulaceinent of the InetTectlve by the effective. The work of building up and keeping up our navy Is therefore one which needs our constant and unflagging vigilance. Our navy la now efficient, but we muit be content with - no - ordinary degree ot efficiency. Every effort must be made to bring It nearer to perfection. In making such effort the prime factor Is to have at the head ot the navy such arr'offlclal as your fellow townsman, Mr. Moody, and the next Is to bring home to our people aa a whole the need of thorough and .amnio preparation In advance: this preparation to take the form, not only of continually building shlpa, but of keeping those ships In commission under conditions which will develop the highest degreo of efficiency In in uuicrrs anu enusieu men aboard them. Dover's First Presidential Visit. t DOVEH. N. H.. Aug. 26. For the first urns in ins msiory ot Dover, which was founded In 1602, a president of the United States was a guest here today. Thousands Joined In the welfoo) to President Roose ye It On tb arrival of the presidential Jiarty they werj received by Mayor A. O, Wbitteinore and a committee. Th guests were escorted to the platform In Franklin square, where the president delivered an address. He said: I speak here in on of th oldest cities Yoar Liver Will be roused to ita natural dutle and your biliousness, healach an constipation be cured If you UUt iSoozl'c PHIa old bj all orut'f lata. tS sent of the old thirteen colonies from which eprar.a- the fnlted Htates. and both In your rnst and vour preaent vou enltomlse much of the national life. We are all of ua apt to get to thlnklna- of the nation and state as abstractions. If we will think of our selves and our neighbor, how we get along and how they get alon. we will have a pretty fair idea of what can be done, sim ply on a larger scale In -the state and the ration. Look at your own history here In Dover; go through the pioneer days and from them down to the modern city, the product ol the arest Industrialism of our time. We are here now vou are here now I am addresslna you all, because of the great Industrial expansion svmbollsed by your factories, bv the- railroad, the telegraph and all of their attendants. W'e would not be here If It was not fnr them, but their exerclre has caused great questions to rise In our national life, ft Is a more compli cated business, Mr. Mayor, to run than It was to run Dover when Pover .consisted, of a dozen log cablae. With the growth In wealth and prosperity has come an acceti tjatlon' of differences between man and man -which do harm In twp ways, which do harm w-hen they make one man arrogant, which do equal harm when they mak an other man envious. , Road to Salvation. Ouf salvation now, as In the old days, lies In the practical applying of principles that In theory we admit to be the only principle according o which It Is possible to administer this republic. 'The principle of treating with man on his worth aa a man la the principle of recognizing facts aa they are, of recognizing our material needs und therefore the absolute necessity to the prosperity which must satisfy these material nteris, and of recognizing further that nothing la to be hoped for from people who are content only to satlafv their ma terial needs. If we have not got It In us the lift toward righteousness, the lift to Hr.methlng more than material needs, prps perlty will be a curse instead of a blessing. I don't care how honest a man Is If he is timid he is of very little use In the world. You have got to have courage aa well aa honesty. I don't care how brave and hon est a man is if he la a natural born fool ou can do little with him. (Applause.) President In Maine. PORTLAND, Me., Aug. 2. President Roosevelt came into Maine this afternoon after having visited many places In the other New England states and before his departure tomorrow nlgbt. he will have Islted every congressional district Itj the state, the principal city In each district nd the home, city of each of Maine's United States senators.. At, -every stopping place along the line a great. crowd had gathered, and th president wa accorded genuine Down East greeting. At Old Orchard, where th - first stop was ' made after crossing the state line, thousands ot people from York and lower-Cumberland counties had gathered. The halt was for only twenty minutes, out the president, sfter recolvlng a , tumultuous . greeting, poke brle'riy before the Journey, was con tinued. ' - - r.v; - ' The president addressed- his opening re marks to several Grand Army veterans who were present-and spoke t-of Maine's record in the civil war: In those davs Maine waa a lessoa to all for the way .her eons bor themselves In war. pince tnen ana now sne is a lesson to ua because of the high average ef cltl zcnshlp that shows within her borders, and! I thlr.k It la the same reason lnn-cese aa n- the other. ' The fact I that here on the Whole you have remained true to tne old American theory of treating each man as to his worth aa a man without regard to his position. Now, you over mere (pointing). He was In the great war. When you went to war interest in wnat tne man on your right hand and on your left did, but you. did notl late 111 ilia lcl lliltuitl UICJ 'nil- ers or lumbermen or farmers or what if they stayed "put" (cries of "That Is right"). That la what you wanted (cries of I know was wnethe'r the "UVklnTof stuff was in mm, ir ne had you were for him and If he did not you wer not tor him. In cltisenshln.. You have aot to anolv the same principle In civil life that you made a success in tne days wnen you fought be- cause th nation called you in. her direst neea. When the train left for Portland Senator William P. Fry had Joined the party. Greeted by Naval Reserves. It was Just after I when the presidential party reached here. A the train arrived at Union station, a aajute of twenty-one gun was fired by the .Portland naval re- serve. m President Roosevelt was met by Mayor Booiaoy ana wa introduced to a delegation of citizens, Including Thomas B. Reed, Judge William L. Putnam, Judge Clarence Hale, ex-Governor- Henry B. Cleaves, General Joshua Lr Chamberlain, James H. Baxter and ex -Governor Freder ick Robie. The president was escorted to a raised platform Just outside" the train shed and spoke for fifteen minute to a crowd that filled tb great square. Compliment to Reed. A Tho president said: I wish to say a word to you In recognl tlon of the sreat services rendered, not only to all our country, but to the entire ircuiuo ui ueiiiu.-mii government tnrougn- l out the world, by one of your citizens. The best institutions are no7 good if they won t I worn, ii you duiiu tne nanasomest engine i and It would not go ita usefulness is limited. Well, that la about the way con greaa had become about the time Thomas Brackett Reed was elected speaker. We had all the machinery, but it did not work inai was ins iruuoie ana you naa io una some powerful man who would disregard ine storm ot oouquy sure io De raised Dy what he did. to Ret it to work. Such man waa found when Tom Reed was made speaker. Now-we -may differ' amona- our selves as to policy. We may differ among ourselves as to what courae the govern ment should follow, but If we possess any Intelligence we must b a unit. If govern ment cannot go on It l n government. If tne legislature cannot enact laws, then there is no use ot mla namina It a leelsla tive body and If acooriUng to principle the majority la to rule, some method by which It can rule must b orovlded Oovernment by th tnajorlty In congress had practically come to a atop when Mr. Reed became speaker. Mr. Reed,, at the cost of- Infinite labor, at the cost-ot the fiercest attack, , 1 1-f. n .1 H In rwilnrln H - r,M -HlTnlnU and now through congress we can do well or HI: according aa (he people Remand. 'but at any rate we can do something. We will be that much ahead and we owe It more nan to any other one man to your fellow cltlsen, Mr. Red, and It Is a great thing tor tne country, a great ining ror any man to.be able to feeK that In some one Crista o lert his mark deeply scored for cood In tne niatory or nis .country, and Tom Reed naa tn right to that feeling. Kind Words for Veteraaa. NOW. a word or two morav I waa araeted here not only by your mayor, not only by otner men standing nign, but by you. gen erui (turning in uenerai joanua L. (.'tis berlaln), to whom It was given at th upreme moment of the war to win the u pre me reward of a soldier. All honor to he man and may we keen ourselves from envying, because to you came the supreme good fortune of winning the medal of honor lor mighty deeds done In the michtlest battle that the nineteenth century saw Gettysburg. I ace everywhere I stop men who In the times that tried the nation's worth rose level to the nation a need and orrered up lire Kladly to the natlon'a altar men wno ioukoi in tne great .pivii war from 1MJ1 to 1m'6. They taught ua mucn by their llfj In wartime and they have tausht us aa much by their life ever since. They were soldiers when . we needed sol diers, and tney were or the very best kind. and wnen tne need wss ror citixenshlo In civil life they showed us they could give tne nignesi sina oi ciusensniUk . isol merely did they give us a rauulted country, not merely did tney leave us the memory of the area! deeds they did. to an forever after an tnsplrstlnn to us. but they left us th" memory ol tne way tne dead waa done. All the time, gentlemen, we have neonle often entirely well meaning who will rise up and tell ua that ry some patent device we can all be saved In cltlsenahip or In social life. Now. general, and you, and vou polntlna. who wear the button, when you came down to the root of things In wartime you had to depend upon the ouall tlrs of manhood which had made good soldiers from the days when the children of lurael marched, out of Egypt. Rides now! Instead -of bows then: but the man behind the rltte is mors important than thT,?J"!uf . " .'v ' t, Al iui prraiucui yuarurq us train aud the party was off for Iel.toa fir minutes later Kew titin Ueatroyer. Dr. King's New Discovery kills consump tion and grip germs. Cures coughs, colds and lung troubUa or no pay. 60c, $L TROOPS TO PROTECT BOERS Strong Foro ii Hurriedly Despatched to WeiUrn Trgcivaal. ARMED NATIVES INCLINED TO TROUBLE Boers Betarntnar , Inarmed to Their Farms Are) nt the Merry of the Colored Tribes, Making; Situation Prerarloas. JOHANNESBURG, Aug. 28. A strong force of British troops has been dispatched to the western border of the Transvaal, ostensibly to relieve troops ordered to India, but It Is currently reported that this step Is taken owing to disturbances among the natives. Rumors are also current here of an Intention to annex or establish a protectorate in Swaziland, where a strong fore ot constabulary Is now posted. , A recent dispatch from London thus quoted one of the foremost South African authorities: "Among the Immediate danger In the Transvaal, native attacka on Boers returning to their farms and other assault are threatening to lead to serious conflicts between Boer and blacks. A great number of blacks In the country have managed to secure anus. There I therefor the anom olous situation of unarmed white and armed blacks living In proximity on outlying farms." Natives of the Transvaal have been re ported as wandering about the country armed with rifles. In an article published August 23 In the Vienna Fremdenblatt General Botha was credited with saying: "The civilization of South Africa Is threatened by the Kfflrs. England armed these tribes to fight for her, and now the war 1 ended the Kaffir have not returned their arms, but have retranted with them to Inaccessible places In the mountains, where they are reported to be engaged tn dally .shooting exercises and preparation tor war. Unless the English authorities display the greatest energy the Kaffirs are likely to cause great trouble." Swaziland I inhabited . by a warlike Kaffir race, and lies to the east of, th Transvaal. The western front ot - th Transvaal Is formed by Bechuananland, which Is Inhabited chiefly by th Kaffir race of th Becbuanas. COMPLICATIONS OVER CANAL Rebel Leader Issues Proclamation Concerning; the French Franchise, WASHINGTON, Aug. 26. The proelama- tlon Just Issued by General Urlbe-Urlbe, one of the leader of the revolutionary force In Colombia, urging hi follower to continue the warfare against the govern ment forces until 1904, when, he declares, the franchise of the Panama Canal com- pany will be invalid and negotiations can ci.j ucmctu u.uiuu.. and the United States, 1 regarded with nnnilHAnhla lnMil tn Crtnl .n Mn.h . , :, , " " American diplomatic quarters her. The officials of the Colombian legation in Wash- ,nton th th io tne ranama company a irancnise, grantea by former President San Clemento, Is open to question of legality, for the reason that, while It wa approved by the Colom 6uul cabinet, it waa not ratified by the Colombian congress. Indeed, It is stated here,-the proposed extension was not even submitted to the. Colombian congress, th country belnar then in a -disturbed condi tlon, which precluded a calling together of thar body.' However," Colombian official her point out thai the questioned extension ot tlm ha nothing whatever to do with the present negotiations between tb United States) and Colombia In regard to the canal. No one In Colombia, they atate, questions for moment the validity of th franchise up to 1904. Th intervening time they con elder ample for the clearing of title by the French company, and the transfer ot Its right to tb United States government, The extension of the franchise, they claim, will not enter Into the matter at all. Tb officials are Inclined to acoff at the Idea that a revolution of sufficient strength to prevent the government from carrying out tt plana In regard to the canal can be kept up until 1904. Senor Concha, the Colombian minuter here, ha furnished the official at Bogota with a number of modification which Sec- ri. ...., i tarma of Ury Hay has proposed in the terms or tn canal treaty. tnese moaiucauons, it a stated her, have not been received witn disfavor at the Colombian capital and th official are confident that they will t agreed to. The Colombian legation tonight received I . . i . . ... I cablegram from Bogota corroborating pr- I vloue omclal reports announcing tne paci fication of the interior ot the country, and also giving Minister Concha further de tailed Instruction regarding the canal treaty. Th dispatch say th Interior ot Colombia 1 now entirely at peace and that there I nothing left of th revolution, savs on tb Isthmus of Panama and a small force ot th revolutionists in the state ot Magdalena.' The latter, according to the latest official advices. Is giving the Bogota government no uneasiness. About 10,000 men are being dispatched to th isthmus and probably 1,000 of them will be detailed to cope with the situation In Magdalena. It is said that torn sharp action may shortly be taken by Colombia a the result of reports that the rebel gunboats are coal ing and receiving arms and ammunition at the Nlcaraguan port of Corlnto. LOCALIZATION OF INDUSTRIES Certain Tumi Practically Monepellse Mala Lines af Mann, faetares. WASHINGTON, Aug. 26. The eenu bureau today Issued a bulletin on th lo calization of industries, which shows that. measured by the value ot products, mors than 85 per cent of the collar and cuff manufacture la carried on In Troy, N. Y.; more than (4 per cent ot th oyater can ning induatry in Baltimore, Md.; more than .64 per cent ot the manufacture of glove In th adjoining cities ot Glovers villa and Johnstown, N. Y.; mora than 48 per cent of tb coke manufacture In the Connellsvllle district. Pa.; more than 47 per cent of th manufacture ot brasswar in Waterbury, Conn.; mora than 45 per cent of the manufacture of carpet In Philadelphia, Pa.; more than 45 per cent ot the manufacture of Jewelry in Provt dence, R. I.,' and the adjoining towna of Attleboro and North Attleboro, Mass more than St per cent of the silverware manufactured In Providence, R. I.; more than 35 per cent of the slaughtering and meat packing Industry In Chicago, III.; more than S3 per cent of th manufacture of plated and brttannia wars in Meriden Conn.: more than 24 per cent of th arrl cultura? Implement Industry In Chlcsgo and I more than 24 per cent of th silk industry In Peterson, N. J. The number of wag earners engaged in slaughtering and meat packing In South Omaha. Neb., constitute 90 per cent of th total number employed In all induatrlea in the city during the year. The Iron and ateel Industry formed (I per cent of all ths Industries In McKees port, Pa-; ths pottery Industry, (7 per cent In East Liverpool, O.; th fur bat In dustry, t per cent In Bethel, Conn.; th glas Induatry, Fl per crnt In Tarentum. Pa.; the cotton good Industry, to per cent In Fall River, Mass.; the boot and ahoe Industry," 77 per cent la Brockton. Mass.; the silk manufacture, 76 per cent In West Hoboken, N. J.; th glove manufacture, 75 per cent In Gloversvllle. N. T.; the Jewelry manufacture, 73 per cent in North Attle- boro, Mass.; the collar and cuff Industry, 69 per cent In Troy, N. Y. CONCERNING ORDER TO MILES Explanation Is Made at AVer llenart- meat of Delay In His De parture WASHINGTON, Aug. 26. President Roosevelt's order to Ocneral Miles to visit the Philippines reached th War department In th mall today. General Mile I In structed to "proceed about September 15 to the Philippines to Inspect the army there with reference to Instruction, discipline and supplies." It is the understanding that tn that ca pacity, though of superior rank, General Miles will not Interfere In any way with cither General Chaffee or his successor. General Davis, In the direction of th army In the Philippines. He will critically ex amine the condition a he finds them, de voting his attention entirely to matters of army administration and not to political affairs, and the results of his work will be embodied In a set of reports. It Is believed here that h will be ac companied by at least two members of his staff, namely, Lieutenant Colonel Wh tney and Colonel Reber, the latter his son-in-law. Colpnel Maus, who Is the Inspecting officer of the staff, also may accompany General Mile If his health, which I somewhat Im paired at present, permits. It developed thst General Miles applica tion to go to the Philippines wss of com paratively recent date, and was In no way connected with hi application of several months ago. When the first application was made It was coupled with certain sugges tions as to terminating the war, and Secre tary Root'a refusal to grant the first re quest was based largely upon these phases of th application. In view of this It Is un deretood that General MIlea restricted his recond application so to make the trip on for purely military purpose. Although the text of the application wa not given out at the War department, it I said that on of It feature Is a request that the return from the Philippines be fay wsy of the eastern route. As the application I approved. General Miles will return by this route, which will Insure his visiting Europe on. his way back to America. It Is expected that Mrs. Miles will accom pany th general to the Philippines and It may be that hi married dsughter, who 1 the wife of Colonel Reber, one of the gen eral's aide, alao will accompany th party. Th general will return tomorrow from his New England trip, when his plans will fee more fully made known. NEW YORK, Aug. 26. Major General Nelson A. Miles came to New York this afternoon from Sandy Hook, where he bad been attending a meeting of the ordnance board ot the army. The general declined to talk about th situation In the Philip pines, ssylsgft "Tiers fctts been toe ssuch In the papers about that already." THINKS KLONDIKE A FROST Canadians Representative Throws Cold Water oa Invest- ta. WASHINGTON, Aug. 26. The golden star of the Klondike Is on the wans, ac cording1 to the report of George H. Hees, who recently wag, sent to Dawson by the Canadian Manufacturers' association to make a thorough ezamlnatloa Into - th business prospects, of ths Yukon territory. The State department today made public a communication from United State Con- ul Brush at Niagara Falls, dated August t, giving some ot the principal featurea of Mr. Hees". report. Mr. Hees points to ths tact that the total yield of the Klondike last year was $24,000,000 and that the pro ductlon ot the coming year will not, ac cording to government estimates, exceed $14,000,000, a falling oft ot nearly one-half. Moreover, no nw discoveries have been made for over a year, although sine 1897 thousands of prospector have been explor ing every creek and mountain tn th coun try. At Dawson Mr. Hees reports ten ap pllcant for every job, yet boatload after boatload of men continues to arrlv. Major Richard E. Thompson, acting chief ot the signal office of the War department, received a telegram today announcing that the army telegraph Una between Fort Lis cum, at Port Valdez, and Fort Egbert, a Eagle City, Alaska, which haa been la th court ot construction for nearly two and half year, has been opened. This will be welcome Intelligence to officer of tb lgnal corps, for now all that la needed to open communication with Yukon terrl tory la the successful installation of . th wireless system, for which contracta have been let. General Randall, commanding th Depart ment of th Columbia, who has just r turned to the Paclflo coaat from Alaska has Informed th War department that the progress making In ths construction of th army post at Haines' mission in Alaska ia not sufficiently rapid to permit of Ita oc cupatloa thla winter. Therefore he has de ided to keep th troop now in that sec tlon at Skagway. ARMY IS TRYING NEW SIGHT Hakes Special Experiments with Lssg Field Teleieopte for Ise oa Klflea. WASHINGTON. Aug. 28. The army ord nance bureau ia experimenting at aeveral army posta with a new type of rifle teles coping sight. The new sight I known aa th Longfleld sight, and Is attaohed to the rifle, running parallel with tha barrel. Th bureau also baa sent out to tb Phil ippines a consignment of bolo bayonets, which are In demand among the troops there, who believe the curved weapon to be uperlor to the straight weapon In a hand- to-hand fight. The troopa have found diffi culty In withdrawing the straight bayonet once It haa become embedded. Tha cavalry men want to try detached bolo bayonet for cutting through underbrush. Colorado Decides ta Take Part. WASHINGTON, Aug. 26. A telegram wa received at tb War department to day from Governor Orman of Colorado, stating that that state naa reconsiaerel Its former decision not to participate In tha army maneuvers at Fort Riley, Kan next fall. Th governor says that he will be bl to dispatch 250 ot th Colorado National Guard. Baanharded for Two Days. WASHINGTON, Aug. 26. UnlUd States Minister Bowen at Caracas, Venezuela, Advises the Stat department . by tele graph that a government war. ship re cently arriving at La Buayra, reporte that for two days It bombarded Ciudad, Bolivia, after which It withdrew, having ex hausted its ammunition. Victims af Astatic Cholera. WASHINGTON; Aug. 24. The War de partment today received a dispatch stating that W. B. McCalt. of Branch port, N. Y.. a clerk la tha Manila postofflce. died yester day of Asiatic cholera and that David Back, formerly of Junction City, Kan., died at Manila of tha earn disease August It. RUSSIA MAKES A THREAT Milliter of Finance Eiprtuei Viwi an th Bngar Question. NATIONS ARE NOT GOVERNED BY JUSTICE Gnlded by Their Own tntereats. In Which Event Rasaln Will Con sider Itself free to Disre gard Treaty gllpnlntlons. ST. PETERSBURG, Aug. 9 (Corre spondence of the Associated Press.) The laet note of M. Witts, the Russian minis ter of finance, to the foreign press on the sugar question has not been published In Russia. Among those Russians who have read It In foreign papers. It appear to have caused unbounded astonishment. M. Wltte's conviction "that In this question h power will be guided by their In terests and not by what la right," and hla threat In case any Increase ot duties a enforced against Russian sugar that the Russian government will consider Itself free to disregard treaty stipula tions when it thinks fit," along with the system of guerrilla tariff warfare he laid down, are considered a outwitting even the Russian finance minister. The Russian critics of M. Wltte point out that aa th sugar convention will be come effective after the expiration of most of the Russian "commercial treaties, th finance ministry will be wise not to "tako general measures against the powers col lectively," but to adopt "measures which will be the most advantageous for Russia tn the special circumstances of each case." they also point out that about year ago M. Witt was fulminating threats ot what he would do In case Ger many carried out Ita tariff policy, threat of which nothing more haa been heard Embarrasses Other Roaalnna. Alwaya a subject of lively Interest, M. Wltte and his financial system and policy have lately more than ever engaged the aerlou attention of Russian economists and men of affairs generally. They are filled with unconcealed misgivings when they consider the situation of the country after ten years of his administration and It la expressing matters mildly to say that the possibility of his plunging the coun try Into a aerie of commercial conflicts has caused downright alarm In wide cir cles of th Russian public. Th anxiety from this source would be Intensified were It not suspected that M. Witt Is Indulging in a bit of bluff. Since M. Wltte procured the closing of the Im perial free economical aoclety after over 100 year of honored activity, hi critic have been largely silenced except In pri vate conversation and In foreign publica tions. Lately, however, they have taken courage. The official report of Russia's foreign trade for the first months of 1902 shows the American Importations to be virtually the same aa In. 1900, apparently Indicat ing that Russian buyera have become fully convinced It ia better to buy American machinery In spite of the discriminating duty against It. Tn comparative ngures for 1900, 1901 and 1902 are respectively $8,980,000. $7,158,000 and $8,913,600. In the meantime German and British Imports have fallen, their figures being $34,061,500, $32,216,500 and $30,297,000 and $15,064,000, $14,817,000 and $10,894,000. - The whole importations have continued falling, so that the share of America Is relatively larger than In 1900. The exportatlons continue .to Increase. LIMITATION STATUTE VOID United State Conrt of Appeals ' De clares Colorado Lave la Violation af the Coastltatloa. ST. PAUL, Mlnn., Aug. 26. Judge San born of the United State court of appeala In deciding the case of Aaron Keyser against John W. Lowell, brought here on an appeal from the circuit court of the United States for the district of Colorsdo, held that the Colorado statute of limitation la void and tn violation of the constitution of the United State. The case dates bask to 1885, when the plaintiff recovered Judgment against the de fendant in the Utah courts. In 1901 action upon the Judgment given In 1885 waa b?gun and Judgment rendered In favor ot the plaintiff for $9,052.61. When the Judgment wa obtained the cauae of action waa barred by the Colorado atatute of limitation. Judge Sanborn's decision waa very lengthy and re verses the decision ot th lower court. PUTS PUPILS 0N THE BOTTLE Chlrasro Will Reqnlre School Children to Brlngr Their Drlaklngr Water with Them. CHICAGO, Aug. 26. Becauae of the poor condition of the city water the Board or Education decided today that it would be necessary to shut off the water supply from all of ths publlo schools when they open next Tuesday. The committee having the matter under conaideratlon hopea that the water can be Improved before the achools ppen, but If thla cannot be done the water will be ahut off. Pupils desiring a drink I of water during school hours will be com pelled to bring a bottle ot boiled water from meir nomes, or go wunouu An umiuiiieu use of the water would, tha members ot the board fear, cause aa epidemic of typhoid fever among the pupils. CAPTAIN DISAPPEARS AT SEA Probably Attacked by Vertlce While Lesalag Over the Rail aad Fell Overboard. NEW YORK, Aug. 26. Captain C. W. Phillip, commanding tn ranama Kan road company's steamship Advance, dis appeared at aea on August 21, during the voyage of that vessel from Colon to this nort. He waa 6Z years 01a ana resiuea in Brooklyn. It waa tnougni on ooara mat while leaning over tne ran ne waa at tacked by vertigo and fell into tn sea. Among the passengers wno arrived on Advance waa H. A. Gudger, United States consul at Panama. DELAYS OPENING OF SCHOOLS Kaasas Paplls Wlthoat Teatbooks oa Aceoaat ef Jalaae- tloa. TOPEKA. Kan., Aug. 26. Stat Superln Undent Nelson laid tonight it waa prob able that th opening of Kansas schools would have to be postponed next month on account of the Inability of the Ameri can Book company to furnish books. The company haa a contract with the State Text Book commission which It haa been prevented from fulfilling by a temporary Injunction Issued by a court nero. J&B'G "BEERS Guaranteed Pure. None So Good. Order rreaa H. Mar Compear LOOKING FOR IMAGINARY FOE ellers oa the Atlaatle Coast scan Sea and Rnsh ta . Arma. NEWPORT. R. I., Aug. 28 The warm ing Lp exercise of th army of the defense In this vicinity become quite brisk today with almost continuous target practice from daylight to dark, and a general alarm over an Imaginary foe this evening. No leave wa given to th men from any on of .the three fort defending the entranr to Narragansett bay. Every gun in Fort Greble and Wetherman, as well as th mortars, wa used today. Shortly after 8 o'clock ram the roll of th drum and the acurry of troops to the parapets. Almost a doien searchlights burst forth sad began a critical Inspection of the channel, while algnal lights were used In addition to the telephone In com munication between the two forts. Aa only a tew belated fishermen were dis covered running in from sea the game did not seem worth the candle and th troop war recalled. Searchlight practice wa kant lin fnr anma tlm aftar. The little flying quadron of torpedo boats arrived a.rlif thla mrMn, frnm tha aatwr4 POINT JUDITH, L. I.. Aug. 26.-A squsd of twenty-slx men from the warship with wireless telegraph Instruments and a war balloon arrived her today and encamped. Th. an...,! I. In enn.rn.nn . n I l.nt.n.nt nilffnrd and fcs ..nd.r.tnod tn be one of nm.,n. hi.. kii.. -,i.ih .e. K.in. ..nt to man the moat advanta.soua nolnts for observation In thla vicinity la order that the movements of the aggressive fleet In connection with tb maneuvers may be quickly ascertained. , NEW LONDON, Conn., Aug. 26. Major General MacArthur, commanding the - De partment of the East, accompanied by all th army officers here, today visited tb fort in this vicinity and conaidered la detail tb plan of action and th best methods of thoroughly testing the ef ficiency of the fort. FISHERS ISLAND, N. Y., Aug. 28. For several hours after midnight last night tha searchlight ot the army station at Napa tree Point, off Watch Hill, exchanged sig nals with a light at Fort Trumbull, New London, presumably conveying informa tion' to the army officers regarding the war gam between the army and navy. which 1 to begin next Friday at mid night. -' Summer residents of this island have tor weeks been deeply Interested In th plan for th maneuvers ' and the presence of a camp of artillerymen, among whom the strict discipline of actual wartime la al ready enforced, has of Iste added to that Interest,; : From a hill road near the cen ter of the island It Is possible to look down -upon th military ' reservation and observe the bustle of activity within, but no near approach to the fort ia permitted. Major General . MacArthur, commanding the Department of tha East, haa arrived here, accompanied by General Harrison and his personal staff. The general declined to be. Interviewed regarding the army's part In the war maneuvers. He did say, how ever, that all the detail would be perfected Just as quickly s-possible and that the army .would , glv good account of Itself la the s-n:3 oi "T. INVESTIGATE STRANGE DEATH Police "Can Find No Trace of the Body (., or Kven of the Place Where ,,. Maa Died. . CHICAGO, " Aug. ' 26. Peculiar circum stances aurrbundlng th reported death of Thiletua Jonea, represented aa a Boston millionaire engaged in a targe real estate deal is 'Chicago came to tha notice ot tha pollc today. Notice in last Saturday' paper told of th sudden death of Mr. Jones ot heart dla-M at th. res.denc. of a nephew in Astor street, but neither the name of the nephew nor tb trt number ... . . a , waa given. The police nave found no one here who Itnew Mr. Jones, excepting John A.. I. Lee, through whom, aa agent, Mr. Jonea waa reported to be 'negotiating the purchase' ot certain property. From. Mr. Lee it ha been learned that the body has been ahlpped to Boston, but no record ot tb death can be found In tha health de partment offices her nor have the officials Issued a permit for the removal ot tha body from the atate. Lee tays that Mr. Jones was accompanied by a nephew, Mr. Alton by nam.' Lee says that an agree ment to purchase the property wa signed by Jones within a specified time and that on August 2S he received a note from Alton announcing the death of Jones, that the body-would be taken to Boeton and that after ' the funeral he, Alton, would return and complete tb purchase. . The -police learned, that tb house at 142 Astor street, in which Lee said Jones lived, -had been sold recently by th for- mer owners to a stranger. Ths doors and window of tb house were locked, and it bore, every evidence or having been closed tor the summer. Neighbors said thsr did not know the new occupant of the house, but they were positive no funeral had been. held there and no body had been taken away, - unless it had. been done sscratly. The detective will investigate further tha aale of the Astor street residence, and if It' shall be found to have been aold to Jones, It may be broken Into and searched. Dr. Thomas, an attorney, claims that Leo waa indebted to. him for money loaned, legal fee and office rent, and to satisfy this debt Lee had . assigned to Thomas $1,100 of a commission to be received In th Jones' real estate deal. Th police hav a theory that "Phljetus Jonea" is a myth. Lee is nearly 70 years of ags aad la said to be a member of th Lee family of Vir ginia. For eight yr in that state b served a a Judge of the circuit court. BOSTON, Aug. 26. Th nam Phlletus Jones doe not appear In tb Boston or Cambridge directories nor th stat di rectory. KENTUCKY TO BLOCK MERGER Governor Beckham Has Commission Called to Take Preventive Action Aaalaet Boads. FRANKFORT, Ky., Aug. 26. Tha stat railroad 'commission will bs called to gether early next week to Investigate th proposed merger of the Louisville Nash ville and Southern railway by the Morgan Interests. This action will be taken at the. suggestion of Governor Beckham, who addressed a letter to Chairman McChord of the commission today, calling bis at tention to the persistent rumors of tha merger. Ths governor asks thst tbs In vestigation be mad In order that he may take steps t forestall the merger If the oommlsslon - finds that one la proposed. Section 81 of the -Kentucky constitution prohibits parallel or competing line of railroads, telegraphs, telephones or com mon carriers from combining their capital atock. Tbla aectloa has been upheld by tb supreme court Of tb stat and under ita provisions Governor John Young Brown prevented tb merger of the Louisville k. Nashville and the old Chesapeake. Ohio A Southwestern road a few yeara ago. FARMS VERSIS RAILROADS letsn Far Cent Profit in Farming, KlU Bailroadi Mak Arnafe of 5 Far Cent COMPARISON THAT IS - INTERESTING Shows Why Nebraska farm Are la Great Demand and Why No More Railroad Art Bring Con atraeted la the Mate. (Issued Under Authority of the Railroad This I a comparison that has been sug gested by many ot the country press, and a It I a fair question to be asked, w have been ble to compile th figure after considerable research. v " No better estimate of the -Value of Ne braska railroads can be used than the figures presented to the stockholders of tha various railroad companles y th officers of the road In their annual Teports. It 1 not probable .that tiiey would under- v,,ue the y,ue ' th Property of ' the Company In .that lnStSBC. ' FtOm theSe "f'"1 "Porta ths average value of a mil " .., iruiu ' 'ntmBt average net earning ,n Nb"" ,n lm w" 2'040' out " n,,n Um $803.15 Wtt paid fOT taXeS, leaving lh ,Ura of 9MM S the net fenue. Out Of hlch Interest or dividends wer paid. W,,n tBta Ura ot mDr t Investor could have purchased 710 acre of land at $50 per acre,- a sum over.' tea time th average that Improved land Is returned for in Nebraska tor taxation (i.. ., 13.47 . In 1900), and th .following would ha.ve been th result If only th average crop was raised, which the census returns, or those of the "Bureau of Labor and - Industrial Statistics," report of thai year for the state of Nebraska. - It planted -In . the following , croos tha figures would b as follows, taking th state Bureau ot Statistics flijre as being correct: , , . ', : a W "n-m nr.!2:!! e o 740 acres crirn.. 17 1-10 20.064 .27V4 86.M4 75 70 acres wheat 16 - 11.81 M t.KO 00 710 seres hay., 188-100 .1,021 60s . 5,g K - 1 , For a period of twenty-five , year th value of the corn crop In Kansas has aver aged $7.81 per acre,' and' In 1895 the Finan cial Chronicle' edrhplled' statistics which showed that for that year the rverag value of the corn crop la the United 'States waa $6.91, and ot wheat $6.99 per' acre, which confirms th above figure,' and as Nebraska la a banner Corn state,' the Kaneas average la low enough on that crop. To raise a orop-bf" wheat- tha only reliable data that could be secured 'wa from the State Board ot A'gYlcultur of Kansas. From a compilation of report f rem 120 farm and nineteen years'' experience they glv th cost of production of wheat aa follows,, per acre: . .- . . , ... Average cost of plowing (or disking). ..$. .M Averaee cost of harrowlha .28 Average cost of seed and seeding .tut Average cost of harvesting, v stacking (or shocking) 1.86 Aversge cost of threshing and putting In car -........ 1.60 Average cost of wear, ..tear and in terest On tOOIS 23 . Total 15. H Tha same authority gives th following a the cost of production t as acr ot corn; :;.-Mr. j,.iix' s-iuini-, I goed ....... ....is. .)..:.ii::.;:Jm Planting with llater-or check rower rj.nter .w Cultivating ...i. .......... .i. 1.030 Husking ana putting in crin -...,....,.10 Wear and tear and Interest on cost . I . ne tools 1.90 Total ,.......$3,267 Thus U would seem, that the 'following net result would accrue .from the average farm of 740 acres. If properly conducted In the year 1900 In Nebraska: - , Gross Operating -.Net . RerelDts ExDense Receipts 740 acre wheat... tS.ro.tKT I4.flni.40 fl.916.64 740 acres hay 6,268.18 2.350.00 2.9U8.16 or an average of -fz.640.4v net roelpt. If the three crop bad been planted. In tha foregoing figures ws do not credit the farm production with th average value ot tha wheat atraw (80 cents per aofeV. or cornstalks and fodder ($1.14 ' per acre), which would b as addltleaal profit, ff esti mated. ?.,,' - In Nebraska Improved land Were re turned for taxation at an average of $8.47 per acre In 1900. This figure would make It appear that this land would havs, been assessed at $2,467.80 'that year, end as the average rat of taxation was $4.27 pef $100 in 1900, the tax- collected would-' hay amounted to $105.87. The' comparison' wbuld fleiire aa below: : . - 1 -r " ..v . ' percent' -Net .! ! Met Taw Net Earn- Tax Rave- Earn- -lng.. Paid nu lng in railroads. . .82.040.00. 8X0.U 81.8S6.86 W 66,979 Invested. in rarma i.wv.w juo.oi z.dw.ub , It certainly does not show that tb farmer baa th wort of it. . ' Th railroad Investor til ' 1900 averaged 5 per cent on hla Investment In Nebraska- Th farm Investor In 1900 avefaged 7 per Cent On hla Investment' In Nebraska. ' Tha railroad investor paid nearly twice aa much tax as tha farmer. HOTEL.' v-HOTEl EMPIRE Broadway and fijd St.', N, Y.CIt Flrcpaeef aoeeseinio Moderate Rates Its tea it v Library aaaeiaslve OrcAaauai Concert JCvsry evening. . All Care fmmm tko a.mpire. and for descriptive Booklet. W. JOHNSON LUV'- Wi. pbcialTIiatvrksi LUNCHEON. FIFTY CKNTo, U:Pi to f p. in. SUNDAY iM P ;fn. DINNER,' 7e. Steadily Increasing business has neoeaaU tated an enlargement of the cats, doubling Its former capacity. AMl'SKMENTS. MUSICAL FESTIVAL CAVALIEBE EMILIO R1VELA, Director. ROYAL ITALIAN BAND . . - 1 Fifty-five Musicians. Twenty Soloists. EVERY AFTERNOON and EVKNINfJ I IV o ciocK. - a. is u yiocs. AT AUDITORIUM PAVILION, ' Fifteenth and Capitol Ay. ' Oeneral admlaslon. 35c. Keservd at a la. I )0o extra. UaUnesv K-o. . a I