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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 28, 1902, Image 1

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The Omaha , Daily Bee.
ESTABLISHED JUNE 19, 1871.
OMAHA, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 28, 1902-TEN PAGES.
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS
TRUSTS A MISNOMER
President Eoe f Americas. Bar Auooiatira
St Consider the Title.
NOT ONE FIDUCIARY ELEMENT IN THEM
t
The Ire, Ee Eiplaia, Keither Truiting
Nor Mnch Traited,
REVIEWS THE CAREERS OF MONOPOLIES
Most of EU Annual Address at Saratoga
Ocnoerni Them.
TOUCHES ON OTHER TIMELY TOPICS
Rotors to Primary Elections aad Ml
orlty Representation and Doakta
Election of Senators.
SARATOGA, N. T., Aug. ST. The Amerl
tn Bar association began Its twenty-fifth
annua"! meeting here today. There was a
Urge attendance of delegate when the
meeting wn called to order by President
U M. Roae of Little Rock, Ark., who then
delivered an address.
He spoke of the work of the association
and of the effort of the Individual mem
ber during the past rear. Feeling refer
ence waa made to the death of President
McKlnley, an Illustrious member of the
American bar, and to other member of the
association who have appeared before the
Great Judge sine th last meeting of the
association.
President Rose then took up the question
of trusta nod tome of the other leading
topic of the day. He said in part:
We are all by thla time ramlllar with
What are called "trusts;" so-called, per
haps, because they contain In their com
position not a single fiduciary element.
South Carolina has passed two act on
thla subject. The first act forbids all per
aons, natural and artificial, to form pools,
trusts or combinations for the purpose of
regulating or fixing the price of any article
of trade or merchandise, or to limit the
quantity of any article of manufacture or
commodity, or of any repair, or the
premium of any insurance. An exhaustive
definition of monopoly ia given, and the
practices of underselling with a view to
stifle competition and boycotting are de
nounced. Heavy fine are prescribed for
any violation of the act; and, in addition,
any domestic corporation Infringing its
provisions shall forfeit It charter, and
any foreign corporation ao offending shall
forfeit It right to do business within the
tate.
The aecond act relates to procedure. The
attorney general may make an application
to a Judge of the supreme or circuit court
for the examination of any suspected per
son, wnicn snail be hau "uriure iiio juiia
himself or before a referee; the Judge hav
ing power to Issue preliminary injunctions
to prevent violation pending the Investiga
tion. The person charged may be com
pelled to produce all books and other docu
ments relating to the subject of the ex
amination. No witness shall be excused
from testifying on the ground that hi tes
timony may tend to incriminate him, but
no witness shall be punished on account
of any transaction concerning which he
tnay testify.
There ha been legislation along the same
lines In other states, developing, nowsver,
no new features. '
Without .Apprehension.
A German writer,' who ha lately written
ft book about American trusts, count the
American bar among these parasitic Instl.
tutions, saying that we hold meetings for
the purpose of regulating fees, a very sur
prising statement that could hardly have
been made by anyone save a foreigner un
acquainted with professional life In this
country. It U due to the truth of history
to say that no such meetings are held, and
that we can look upon the pending contest
for supremacy between the United States
and the beef trust. If not with Indifference,
at least without apprehension.
Our country during the lost thirty year
ha witnessed a change of such magnitude
aa to be without a single parallel In his
tory. By means of vast aggregations of
money corporate monopolies have been t.
tsbllshed tn almost every branch of Indus
try. What effect these tremendous crea
tions will have on our future destiny
morally, socially, financially, legally, no
one ventures to predict with any degree
of confidence. If It Is true, aa said by
Oliver Cromwell, that no one goes so far as
the man that does not know where he Is
toing, we are apparently entering upon a
ong Journey.
Monopolies are a old a human history,
and we cannot doubt that by their grinding
oppression they kept men and women lying
wake of nights long before the first page
of history waa written. They were for
bidden by tho laws of ancient Greece and
Home; they were forbidden by the com
mon law of England, and the common law
waa relnforood from time to time by stat
utes. For a while during the reign of
fclliabeth they flourished, for the virgin
queen waa prollno In progeny of that sort.
At on time she had licensed more than
fifty monopolies to prey on the community.
Hume, the historian, was amused at their
Dumber and rapacity. He says:
"When this list was read In the house
a member cried: 'la not bread In the
number?' 'Bread,' said every one In as
tonishment. 'Yes. I assure you," replied
he, "If affairs go on at this rate we shall
have bread reduced to a monopoly before
the next Parliament.' These monopolies
were so exorbitant that In some places they
rained the price of salt from 16 pence a
bushel to 14 or IS shillings."
He adds that these grievance were "the
moat Intolerable for the present and the
most pernicious In their consequences that
were ever known in any age or govern
ment." In order to build up sn empire In the east
Parliament granted a monopoly to the East
India company, which became so oppres
sive that Its overthrow was a matter of
necessity. It soon learned to charge 400
per cent profit on every article that It sold,
and the tea that It sold became so Inferior
In quality that it had hardly a trace of the
plant of tha. name.
Of course these reaulta were not reached
all at once; prices wera raised gradu
ally and stealthily under pretense of de
creased production.
More Tits Fast Thousand Monopolies.
Instead of fifty monopolies we have at
present more thin i.wu, to aay nothing of
price and rate fixtug and profit sharing
pools, with buying and selling agencien,
exercising functions similar to those of the
trusts, all organised fur the purpose of
fixing prices arbitrarily. Without the ad
vantage of fixing prlcea In this manner
there would bo no motive for the combina
tion Of many diverse Interest in one. In
most cases neither the purpose nor the
power is dented; on the contrary they are
proclaimed tor the object of raising the
price of corporate securities. That the ad
vantage arising from suppressed rivalry
and the power to dictate prices 1 duly
appreciated is shown by the vast amount
of money lavishly Invested In these com.
blna lions. As the number of these runs
hlsh up Into the thousands, we might
naturally suppose that the procves had been
exhausted, but every day brings Its report
of some new and gigantic alliance, the
future of which cannot be predicted, since
must of these corporations are authorised
to buy up the stock of any other corpora
tion ao that they may at any time acquire
supreme coutrol over Induairlee extremely
remote from thoee ostensibly In view when
tnry were first created.
The first success of one or these com
binations, If successful at all, la alluring In
a high degree. If the property Is capital
ised at twice Ita value, the loweat capital
isation known, and the securities are floated
at par. the result Is that the former own
ers find themselves twice aa rich aa they
were before, and at a very trifling outlay
of time, money or energy, to aay nothing
of a future of Immense possibilities.
shall not be aurorUed, therefore, when
told that many similar organisations are
started with the deliberate Intention of
swindling unsuspecting stockholders. Nor
need we hae been auii.mu when the gov
ernor of New Jersey, by proclamation of
January 10, li2, declared 6sA charters
granted by that state forfeited for non
payment of taxes assessed for their issue.
Two of these Infant decedenta were at
(Continued oa Seventh, Page.)
BODIES OF FAIRS ARE MOVED
Greatest Seerery la Observed aad
Services Arc Conducted ia
Church Durmrat.
PARIS, Aug. 27 The bodies of Mr. and
Mr. Charle U Fair, who were killed Au
gust 4 Id an automobile accident near Ev
reux, France, were removed from tbs Church
of the Madeleine at o'clock tonight after
a brief service held In th vault of the
church In the presence of a dozen person,
among them Mr. Gowdy'-'lted State con
sul general here, the U' ',( the family
of Mr. and Mr. Fair an.. ,,Jt- !Ms, man
ager of the Hotel Reltx, who w cargo
of the arrangement for the renx 'he
bodies.
A cross and a wreath of white 6ov
wer ratmA nn ti jvfflMB hafnM' onlA -.
movai. me comn were taken away In two
undertaker' vans. In order to avoid at
tracting attention the first van drove oS a
soon a it waa loaded, th eecond following
Ave minute later. They proceeded aepa
rately to the freight station of the Western
railroad, where the coffin were enclosed In
packing case. So much secrecy was ob
oerved with regard to the hlpment of th
bodies of Mr. and Mr. Fair that as late a
6:30 this evening Mr. Ellis declared that
nothing had a yet been settled with regard
to their removal. Mr. Ellis refuse to name
the port from which they are to be ent or
the steamer which Is to take them. The
bodies may be forwarded to Cherbourg to
night and embarked on the American line
steamer St. Louis for New York, or they
may be shipped to Havre tonight and pos
lbly sent over to Southampton and put on
board St. Louis at that port St. Louis
leave Southampton and Cherbourg August
30.
CONTROVERSY MORE BITTER
Members of Sacred College Take
Bide In Former American
Girl's Trouble.
ROME, Aug. 27. The Rosplgliosl' con
troversy I Increasing In bitterness and
nearly all the member of the sacred col
lege here have become participant.
Prince Rosplgliosl, under the advice of one
of the cardinals, ha formally protested to
the congregation of th holy office against
the order forbidding the assistance of a
nun during the recent confinement of the
princes, hi wlfo. The prince la withhold
ing the salaries of the priest on hi es
tates, who are allied to the prelate who
oppose him, and 1 turning over these sal
aries for the benefit of clergymen who are
under the authority of those cardinal who
sympathise with blm.
Princes Rosplgliosl, who was Miss Ma
rie Reld of Washington, D. C, was mar
ried to the prince after her divorce from
Frederick Parkburst of Bangor, Me. The
Roman Catholic church did not recognize
this divorce and refused to give permis
sion to a nun to nurse the princes at her
confinement, holding that the marriage to
the prince was non-existent. ' The princes
gave birth to a daughter August 3.
RICE CROP IN JAPAN FAILS
Cold Weather
Makes Prospects
for
nwanllfisVj
People Veer Gloomy.
YOKOHAMA. Aug. 15, (Via Victoria, B.
C. Aug. 27.) Th extraordinary weather
this year In Japan makes the prospects of
a good rice crop the main food of the
people very gloomy.
The thermometer has hardly reached 90
degrees In the open, and baa been generally
dodging around 65 to 75 degrees. Heavy
rain baa been falling, culminating In ty
phoons on July 10 and 1L The wind blew
at hurricane velocity, the rivers rose six
and eight feet, embankments were carried
away, whole villages were Inundated and
the reports of loss of life and damage to
property are dally growing.
Luckily the-rain, which la so dangerous
here, fell at the right time In Corea. A
magnificent crop of barley, which has al
ready been harvested, together with full
rice fields, will put Coreans In an enviable
position.
SCHEME TO BEAT SHIP COMBINE
BBBBBBBBSaa
Brltlsb Government Has Plan Com
plete, bat Hot Vet An.
aoaaced. )
(Copyright, 1902, by Press Publishing Co.)
LONDON, Aug. 28. (New York World
Cablegram Special Telegram.) The Dally
Mall says there Is reason to believe that
the British government'a acbem for coun
tering the Morgan combine la now complete.
The detail of the scheme are not known,
but the broad principle will be planned to
protect freight carried In British vessels
against any attempts to corner trade. The
Mail adds that those conversant with the
facta affirm that the government scheme Is
likely to have a aerlous effect on the ship
ping trust.
DEFEAT PROVISIONAL TROOPS
General Iford Meets with Reverses aad
Iahabltaats of Two Provinces
In Haytl Rebel.
PARIS. Aug. 27. A dispatch received
her from Cape Haytlen. Haytl, ssys tha
troop of General Nord, th minister of
war of the provisional government, have
been defeated and forced to evacuate
Llmbe, and add that the fighting continue.
It Is further reported that the Inhabitants
of Aux Cayes and Agulns have risen against
the provisional government and that Gen
eral Simon, commander of the Department
of the South, who ha declared himself In
favor of General Flrmln, Is marching on
Mlragoane.
TO MEET MORGAN'S COMBINE
Brltlsb Government Believed to Be
Aboat Ready with Its Plan,
Except for Details.
LONDON, Aug. 28. The Dally Mall this
morning say It believe th government'
plan for meeting the Morgan shipping corn
bin I now completed and that th govern
ment department are discussing and work
ing on th detail. The plan is in charge of
the colonial office, says th paper, which
fact 1 an augury for thoroughness and
efficiency.'
WHERE RAIN ISJERY WELCOME
llanla Correspondent Sends Word tbat
Parched ladla Rejoices
la Dowapoar.
LONDON, Aug. .28. "The beneficial rains
of the last week," cables the correspondent
of the Dally Mali st, Simla, India, "have
changed despair Into bop for millions of
Indian cultivators.
t
FOR CONTROL OF UTILITIES
Annual Convention f th League of
American Municipalitisi Open.
MAYOR ASHLEY OF NEW BEDFORD TALKS
Favors Home Rale for Cities aad Ray
They Should Have niat to On
Itllltles If be Cltl
Ben rteslr.
GRAND RAPIDS, Mich.. Aug. 27. Two
hundred delegate were present at the open
ing session today of the eixth annual con
"Mon of the League of American Munlcl-
is In the furniture exposition building.
. tomorrow It Is expected there will be
200 more delegate present, making the con
vention one of the largest ever held by the
league. An address of welcome by Mayor
Palmer of Grand Raplda opened the morn
ing session.
This was followed by an address by Presi
dent Charles S. Ashley, mayor of New Bed
ford, Mass. '
Home Rale for Cities.
Mr. Ashley said that much thought and
discussion had been given to the subject
of municipal administration by the mem
bers of the league and they had been the
cause of provoking concentrated attention
to the question of municipal ownership.
Continuing on this toplo he said:
Home rule for cities. No dependency of
the city upon the state. Each municipality
onouia oe a law unto itself upon matters
purely local. We should have a right to
own and 'control the public utilities.
I ask you to note that I say "have the
right to own," for I do not undertake to
say that at this time in every community
It would be a feasible thing to exerclao
tnat rignt, but in the very nature of things
It is a privilege which we should not be
longer denied.
Competition In the nroducts of the nubile
service corporations too often means that
consolidation will follow and the consumer
eventually pay all the bills.
Pure monopoly meant that the price de
manded will be far beyond the fair capacity
of the debtor to pay.
Regulated monopoly, through the Instru
mentality of the state. Is a farce and prac
tically amounts to legalised bunco.
The right to enter Into the field with
municipal ownership provides a means of
saying to the oppressor. Be square and de
cent with us and we will pay a proper price
to you; if not, we ourselves will pay to our
selves, buy of ourselves and the amount
expended will be that which ia of itself
right and not wnat yoj extort.
Regulation tbat Regulates.
This would come pretty near being regu
lation that would reguiate, and the regu
lator Is the party naturally and rightfully
the one to uo it. An experience of elgtit
years in the mayoralty nas brought me
tace to face with the state and lta servants,
as well as with the great companies and
their officers. 1 am referring to the arbi
trary acts of great organisations, to un
reasonable schedules and rates of charges,
to high prices and poor service, to ever
lasting greed, big pronta and soft snaps.
it it is irirn liiMt Mi. :...!:-!.:.: i .-.? e- -
Is entitled to only what is fair as a re
turn in a business Investment, it is equally
true that great corporations which exist
by the license of the state and are the
creatures entirely of the law have no In
herent right to receive more than what is
right ana Just,
Ureal public utility monopolies are fertile
in resources ana learned in trickery. The
field, being granted to them ostensibly to
protect the people from the ultimate le
siilts of competitive warfare, the supply
of "water" being enormous to make a large
dividend shrink to (Inures nnmlnaiiv
J-U the machinery and -devices for fonoeal.
wn-iauia ii ir i,oiiu issues neinir nnnrmi mnf
auk wnivlp im.vuim- ueen sec in nianon to
state in its wisdom creates lta boards and
vuieaus in restrict, regulate and control.
Ana tne quality of this supervision Is
poor; the sue and strength of the state's
arm when raised In behalf of the city's
run, ma wuras oi tne song,
"You can hardly notloe it at all."
Benefits of Manlclpal Ownership.
I do not urge munclpal ownership as a
club to exterminate, but rather as a means
to a remedy and a solution. With It you
u A " "eat your own civic nouse
Tiold and ride In your own streets and lead
your electric wlrea wherever electricity has
a duty to perform.
I charge no corruption upon the a genu
of the state; the fault Is In the system;
they are not by the tenor of their ap
pointment subject to any control of the
city; they come In dally contact with the
fi?mp? " nd ,helr representatives and
nicjr ir.iii io tnma as tneir visitor think:
they lose their identity as citlxens them
selves, and have come to listen to the
voice too braxen and out of tune.
Give us home rule for cities, independence
of the state in matters of nnni. iAo.i
cern; freedom from guardianship and the
v, . wo win wnn our own.
Mayor Head and Mayor Jones.
At thla afternoon's' session of the conven
tion Mayor J. M. Head of Nashville, Tenn.,
wa the first speaker, his topic being
"Transportation and Taxation." He advo
cated public ownership and control of pub
lic and quasi public utilities.
"There 1 scarcely a city In the United
State," said be, "that Is not taxing its cit
lxens almost up to the limit of endurance,
and many of them are trying new and doubt
ful methoda of raising the necessary rev-
nue to meet the ever-Increasing demand of
modern city government."
Mayor Thomas O. Hayes of Baltimore
spoke on "The Contract System."
The feature of the evening session was
the address of Mayor Bamuel Jonea of To
ledo. His subject vti, "What la Crime and
Who Are the Criminals?" Ha said society
was tha real criminal and not the man or
tbs Individual. In condemning the present
criminal system be said: "The preacher In
the pulpit, the Judge on the bench, the
worklngman on the street are a part of this
system, whjch la sick from head to feet,
and must share In the evil until we purge
the whole mass. The sending of the poor
man to the workhouse because bs cannot
pay his fine 1 but Imprisonment for debt,
yet we boast that the debtors' prison has
been abandoned. If we believe the prison
did good we would occasionally put our
children there, but there la not a judge who
would not move heaven and earth to eave
his child from such a penalty. It Is not new
laws tbat are needed, but th repeal f old
ones."
REFEREES EXCHANGE VIEWS
Those Employed In Bnnkrnptey Work
Attend Association Meeting
Now at Milwaukee.
MILWAUKEE, Aug. 27. Separata courta
to deal with the bankruptcy proceedings,
with referees as judges; greater care upon
the part of the agents of the commercial
reporting agencies In preparing reports
covering th financial standings of trades
men atd greater care upon the part of
merchants In extending credit to the
smaller tradesmen were advocated by Pres
ident Thomas T. Crittenden of Kansas
City in his annual address to th National
Association of Referees In Bankruptcy to
day. A closer relation with the National
Credit Men's association was urged.
"Th Duties of the Referees" was dis
cussed by Referees N. B. Smith of New
York, Lewis of Wisconsin, Whlted of North
Dakota, Lawrence of Oklahoma, Mc
Cutcheon of Georgia, Dixon of Illinois and
Dean of Kentucky.
Expenses of Administration ia btate
and Federal Systems" was discussed by
Referees Proudflt of Georgia, Somervllle of
West Virginia, Dexter of New York, Lam
bert of Indiana, Cary of Wisconsin, Dugaa
ol Ohio and BueU of Iowa.
GERMAN STEEL MEN COMBINE
Make Tp to Exporter the Amoaat
Lost by SelUa Their
Prodaeta Abroad.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 27. The Iron and
steel makers of Germany nor have a com
bination behind their back which will en
able them to continue wllh better chance
for ultimate success thplr stubborn and per
sistent fight In tbe markets of Europe,
South and Central America, Africa and the
east. Thl fact Is brought out In a report
from United State Consul General Frank
Mason at Berlin, dated August 1, which waa
made public at th State department today.
The consul general reports that after a full
discussion of the unsatfsfsctory condition
of the home market representatives of the
coal and Iron industries of Germany assem
bled at Cologne, decided upon a return to
the system of export bounties which was
Used to such food effect In tha
or tne uerman industrial expansion. There
upon a union was formed between the coal
and Iron interests to provide export boun
ties among all the leading syndicates In
tbe metal and mining industries. This vast
and powerful export association, says Mr.
Mason, Is based upon aa agreement that its
members shall contribute te pay to such
member export their products a bonus
equal to the difference tetween the current
prlcea of the merchandise in the German
markets and the price actually obtained for
it aDroaa. The bounties to be paid on ex
ported metals are calculated upon the
amounta of raw materials Consumed in their
"production. J
The consul general says that the mid
summer outlook for the erman metal and
mining Industries la not, so reassuring as
had been confidently hoped for since the
beginning of the year. It la nevertheless
true, says Mr. Mason that the exports of
Iron and steel are enormous and steadily in
creasing. During the first half of ths pres
ent year the figures reached 1,602.742 tons,
as compared with 994.404 tons for the earns
period of last year. The increase In the
aggregate valuea of these exports was only
from 257,143,800 to $70,852,600. , This compar
ison between the bulk of product and the
bulk of money, says Mr. Mason, makea the
vital fact of the situation apparent, that a
large part of the vast amount of exports
has been marketed abroad rather on the
basle of a clearing out Bale, In which the
goods were offered at whatever sacrifice
might be necessary to secure their sale.
AFTER AMERICAN FIGHTERS
Ships and Men for Colombian Kavy
Being; Secared la United
. States. '
WASHINGTON. Aug. 27.-Captaln Henry
Marmaduke, who served during the civil
war on the famous confederate Ironclad
Merrlmac and on Alabama K.a inin.
the Colombian navy and will sail for that
republic on the new war vessel which bas
been purchased at Seattle, Wash., by Be
nor Concha, the Colombian - minister at
Washington. Announcement was made a
few days ago that two ex-gunners of the
navy had cast their lot wit a the Colombian
naval service, so that Captain Marmaduke
makea the third American who recently
has taken that etep. . ; ; .
The Colombian govcrnr "t liins to at
tarlr fhe-xeToiaUoyoir. U(t . theacUlti
coast of Colombia abeut the middle of Sep
tember. The new war vessel on which the
finishing touches are now being placed at
Seattle waa formely Jessie Banning and
will be renamed by Colombia. It will start
on Its journey down the coast to Panama
In a few days, and the Colombian govern
ment authorities express confidence that It
win oe aoie to dispose of the revolution
ary fleet without much difficulty. Its arma
ment la kept aecret, but it has a tonnage
of 1,200 and la well equipped. Tho Co
lombian government is negotiating for an
other war vessel which. It la expected, will
shortly be purchased and dispatched to re
inforce the one about to leave Seattle. Co
lombia haa been handicapped so far by tho
absence of a single government vessel on
the Pacific coaat, especially in the matter
of dispatch of troops to the Isthmus of
Panama. The revolutionists have three
vessels on that coast Boyaca, of 600 tona,
recently captured from the government
forces, but represented by the latter to be
old and much In need of repairs; Padllla
of 800 tona and the tugboat Darlen.
WESTERN MATTERS AT CAPITAL
Secretary Shaw Selects Sites for Pub
lic Balldlnnrs In Iowa
Cities.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHTNnrnv a..- a . . .
,. special Tele
gram. 1 Repratarv Ck. , a . .. -
' j una. iouay aeciaed
upon building sites In Atlantic and Iowa
City. Is. The aite for the building at Iowa
City Is located at the northeast corner of
l.vnn a n H t' . v. . .
, ....miuii sireeuj ana cost
17.80a. Maaara U7 .
. . . H. ... ,iUUGUa ana II. w .
Fulton, trustee, donated the alte at At
lantic. It is located at the northwest cor
ner of Fifth and Walnut atreets.
uenjamin u. smith has been appointed
postmaster at Rochon, Polk county. Neb
vice B. Rochon, resigned. '
The noatofflpA t xi A ir .
- . xjancasier
county, Nebraska, haa been re-established,
Wtth Tnhn Tt7 IT- . '
- -uU ... iusubii, postmaster.
Dr. James S. Wilson haa been appointed
a pension examlnap anran . ....
- . --.avu ai Auuurn.
Neb., and Dr. J. M. Carroll at Rolfe Ia
uu' Morey oi Gordon, Neb., haa
been appointed a teacher at Fort Shaw
Indian acbool, Montana.
TO HELP CHINESE MAKE MONEY
State Department Sends Machinist and
Assayer to Mint at Tlea
Tain.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 27.-The State de
partment recently received communication
from tha Chinese governmea't atatlng In ef
feet that It was proposed to start up the
government coinage mint at Tien Tsln and
asking that an assayer and a machinist
from one of the mints of the United States
be recommended for employment therein
Ths matter was referred to Mr. Roberts
the director of the mint, with tbe result that
Leonard McGrunder, assistant aasayer, and
L. O. Emory, auperlntendent of machinery
both from the New Orleans mint, have been
engaged for this service and are expected
to aall for China within a short time.
FIRED FIREMAN FIRED BACK
tew York Stata Jastlea Orders Stnrgla
to Restore Chief Croker
to Dnty.
NEW YORK. Aug. 27. Justice Hall. In
the supreme eeuit today, granted a per
emptory writ of mandamus directing Fire
Commissioner 8turgls ta Immediately re
store Fir Chief Edward F. Croker to ac
tive duty a chief of th fire department.
Mr. Croker waa rUv4 Uua acliv duty
laat week.
PHILIPPINES BADLY SHAKEN
Geieral Chaffee Xtporta Ulndanao Visited
by Earthquake.
FALLING WALLS KILL TWENTY M0R0S
Amerlean Soldier Are Headquartering
Near, bnt None I Known to
Have 8 offered Any
Sertoae Injnry.
MANILA, Aug. 27. The island of Min
danao baa been ahaken by a scries ot earth
quakes, which commenced August 21. Tbe
inhabitanta were terrorised and a few Moro
were killed. There were no American casu
alties. Tbe commissary buildings and the
Mcro forts were badly damaged. Brigadier
General Sumner, In command of the Amerl
can troops in Mindanao telegraphs that a
doxen heavy earth shocks and 400 slight
tremors were felt at Zamboang, Mindanao.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 27. The War de
partment today received a cablegram from
General Chaffee at Manila reporting the oc
currence of a aeries of earthquakes on the
island of Mindanao. Twenty persons were
killed by falling walls, the victims all be
ing Moros. The Americana In the vicinity
escaped and the dispatch ssys there are
ne reports that any ot the soldiers occu
pying that portion of th island affected
sustained any injuries.
The upheaval occurred In the country ad
jacent to tbe Lake of Lanao, In the Moro
section of the Island near Camp Vlckers,
which Is now the headquarters of the
American forcea atatloned In Mindanao.
General Chaffee's cablegram says the
mountains and rivers and other streams
were considerably disturbed and much
damage waa done. The extent of the dam
age, however, was not reported. It is pre
sumed her that the seismic shocks oc
curred about five days ago, though ths
date is not mentioned In tha dispatch.
This It the first serious earthquake re
ported from that country during American
occupation. The moat Important previous
seismic disturbance in Mindanao waa the
one that partly destroyed Palak, Kota
Batu, and the village on the banks of the
liver Mindanao In 1872. This phenomenon
closely followed ths eruption of the vol
cano of Makaturtn.
General Chaffee cabled also that the mil
itary situation In that section remains quiet
and unchanged. No attacks have been made
on the American forcea at Camp Vlckers
since the last report, which waa cabled
eight daya ago.
Frederick Dorr, the proprietor, and Ed
ward O'Brien, tbe editor ot Freedom, re
cently convicted ot sedition, have been
fined $1,000 without imprisonment. A. R.
Dorr, manaaer of the paDer. waa fined $25.
Dorr and O'Brien were sentenced August
25 to six months In BlUbid prison and each
was fined $1,000 for libelling Benito Le
garda, a native member of tbe Philippine
Civil commission.
TWO DEAD ANTJ ONE DYING
Result of Qnarrel Whleh Ocean fa
n Woman's Apartments In
NEW TORK. Aug-. 27. LUils Hall. 2
yeara old, and Joaeph Campbell are dead
and an unknown man la dying In Bellevue
hospital aa the result, the police say, of
a quarrel In the woman's apartments in
East Twenty-fifth street today.
According to the police the two men en
tered the apartmenta and tbe quarrel en
sued, during which four shots were fired.
The Hall woman lived In three small
rooms In ths rear of the first floor of a large
tenement. Her almost nude body waa
found on the floor ot the bedroom, with a
bullet hole through her heart.
Campbell's body, fully dressed and also
shot through the heart, waa lying behind
that of the woman. The other man lay
dying In the aame room, a bullet having
entered the base of tbe brain and severed
tha spinal column.
According to the tenanta In the house the
two men entered tbe woman'a apartments
this forenoon, eounds of quarreling were
heard aoon after and one woman says she
heard four shots fired In rapid auccesston.
The police Identified the woman later as
Llzsie Otto of Stroudsburg, Pa. Tbe dead
man waa Arthur Campbell, a window
dresser. Papera found on the wounded
man tend to identify him aa Christian Gana,
a United States artilleryman.
AGREES AS TO TRACY REWARD
Sheriff Gardner Concedes It to Creaton
Men and Goldfinch Forgery
Charge Appenrs.
SEATTLE, Wash., Aug. 27. A Davenport
(Wash.) special to the Times says: The
matter ot the distribution of ths Tracy re
ward la about to be settled. Sheriff Gard
ner has notified the five Creston men that
If they will agree to share the reward with
Goldfinch, who gave tbe Information that
led to the capture of the fugitive, be will
withdraw bis objections to the psyment of
tbe money and aid the Creston pesse to se
cure it.
The same special states, also, that crim
inal charges arising from the Tracy case
have been preferred against Floyd Johnson,
telegrapher at Creston. He has beees ar
rested upon a charge of forgery, tho com
plaining witness being Constable Straub of
Creston. About tbe time that the Oregon
bandit was killed near Creston a New York
newspaper telepgraphed to that place to
Eberlff Gardner, asking him to send a dla
datch describing the end of the famous bunt
and draw a sight draft .upon them for $50.
Johnson, It is alleged, auppressed the mes
sage and sent a dispatch over the name of
Charlea Straub, one cf the Creston posse of
five. He then, it is charged, forged Straub's
name to a sight draft for $50.
GATES ASKS AN0THe"r COURT
Wishes to Traasfer Injunction Snlt
from Jndsra Malllas to Fed.
eral Jodge.
DENVER, Aug. 27. Attorneys for John
W. Gstes and hla associatea, who are seek
ing to secure control of the Colorado Fuel
and Iron company, today filed a petition
tn th clerk'a office ot the United States
circuit court asking that the injunction
suit now pending before Judge Mullln in
th district court be transferred to tho
United States circuit court. The petition
will be beard next Saturday by Judge Cald
well. Aa grounds for the petition the attorneys
allege prejudice of the people, as shown by
uewspaper publications, numerous excerpts
from which ars cited In the document, one
of the most voluminous ever filed In the
court. The Injunction issued by Judge Mul
lins caused an Indefinite adjournment of tho
company' annual else lion a week ago.
CONDITION OF THE WEATHER
Forecast for Nebraska Fair and Warmer
Thursday; Showers Friday.
Omaha
Hoar. Drsr. Hour. Ilea.
R a. an .. 1 p. in TT
a. m n it p. in TH
T a. m Rs a p. m T:i
a. m at ' 4 p. m Mil
a. m...... IH 5 p. m mo
1 a. m l l p. an T1
It a. m 74 T p. m T7
1' M TU M p. m T4
W p. m 71
TELEGRAPH MANAGER'S END
Thomas V, Reynolds of an Francisco
Kills Himself While Tem
porarily Insane.
SAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 27. Thomas W.
Reynolds, for twenty-three years In the em-
ploy of the Western Union Telegraph com-
pany, and for several . years past business
j niauaa.r of the company In this city, shot
; and killed himself In the office of the com
; pany. General Lamb, general superintend
ent of the Pacific coast division, stated that
he was of the opinion that Reynolds' act
was due to temporary Insanity. So far as
j the officers of the company know Reynolds'
accounts aro In first-class condition. Reyn
olds loft several letters tn which he ex
pressed the fear of approaching Insanity
and assigned that aa the cause for hi
suicide.
A few day ago the traveling auditor of
the company arrived here and began hi
regular investigation of the books. Hla
work waa completed thla morning and, ac
cording to the atatement of Superintendent
Jaynes, the books were found absolutely cor
rect. "There Is no shortage," said Superin
tendent Jaynes. "The books of Mr. Reyn
olds are all right and tally to the eent.
Tbe only explanation of hia suicide la tem
porary insanity."
PITCHED BATTLE AT RED ASH
Conatables Oast Strikers' Families
from Coal Company's Houses nnd
Much Shooting; Ensues.
HINTON, W. Va., Aug. 27.-Great ex
citement In the vicinity ot Red Ash and
Beury today was caused by the constables
moving ths striking miners from the com
pany's houses. About forty families, who
were notified to leave the houses of tho
Red Ash Coal company, refused to vacate,
and when the constables began to remove
their household goods a volley of shots
was fired at the officers from the opposite
side of the river. They returned the flro
wtth rifles. It Is estimated that 800 shots
were fired. The shooting was all at long
range and no one on the Red Ash side
is hurt.
Ahont forty deputies who have been sta
tioned at Thurmond and other polnta in
the striking district were rushed to the
scene of the shooting, and a late report
now states that the men who opened tho
fire are now aurrounded. The officers are
removing the household goods and tha
houses will be occupied by other miners
who are willing to work.
The coal output Is steadily Increasing.
Yesterday 110 cars of coal and twenty
three cars of coke were loaded.
ATrwWYirANrifrrGow
Mustn't Stay Sow, So Courts Avow
When Pressed to Decide
"Exclusion" Row.
KAN8AS CITY, Aug. 27. Judge Phillips
of the United States district court today up
held the decision of United Statea Commis
sioner NuchoU, who ordered that Ah Yu
and Ah Gow, Chinese boys who wers ar
retted on the charge of violating the Chi
nese exclusion law, should be deported. An
appeal will now be taken to the United
States court of appeals.
Ah Yu and Ah Gow came from Mexico and
were destined to New York to enter the
service of the owner of a combination of
Chinese laundries. They had not certifi
cates and were arrested here by federal
officers. The Chinese appear to be abund
antly supplied with money, and It Is thought
the case Is Intended to test the new exclu
sion law.
WICHITA FOLK MUSTN'T TOUCH
Telephone Company Procures Injunc
tion to Protect Its Perpen
dlcalar Appurtenances.
ST. LOUIS, Aug. 27. In chambers today
Judge Thayer of the United States court
of appeals granted an Injunction restrain
ing tbe city of Wichita, Kan., from Inter
fering with tbe polea of tbe Missouri and
Kansas Telephone company, which for sev
eral years has been using the streets of
that city for Ita linea. The case waa set
for further hearing before Judge Thayer
In Wichita, September 15.
MAY CUT GLASS, BUT NOT PRICE
Three Grent Companies Uet Together
to Bevel tha Edge of Patrons'
Purses.
PITTSBURG, Aug. 27. The price-cutting
war between the three great window glass
companies may be ended at a meeting to
be held tn Pittsburg tomorrow. If an
agreement is reached, aa expected, It will
mean tbat the American Independent and
federated co-operative companies will pool
Issues and fix a uniform price for window
glasa throughout the coming fall.
Movements of Oeenn Vessels Amm. 2T.
At New York Arrived Washtenaw, from
Seattle and Tacoma; Llpurla, from Genoa:
("arthagenlan, from Glasgow; Majestic,
from Liverpool. Sailed i'hl!ulelphii, lor
Southampton; Oceanic, for Liverpool.
At Llz:ird Paused La Lorraine, from
New York, for Havre.
At Bremen Arrived Kaleerln Maria The-rj-sa.
from New York, via Plymouth and
Cherbourg.
At Pl mouth Arrived Moltke, from New
York, for Cherbourg and Hamburg, and
proceeded.
At Cherbourg 8iilrd Kaiser Wllhelm der
Crosse, from Bremen and Southampton,
for New Yurk.
At Liverpool Arrived Ivernla, from Bos
ton, via tjueenstown; Lancastrian, from
New York, Sailed Helgtnland, for Phila
delphia, via Queenstown.
At Hong Kong Arrived previously Hy
aries. from San Francisco, Seattle and Ta
coma. via Yokohama, for Manila ; Indraa
amha, from Portland, Ore., via Yokohama.
At Havre Roads (Aug. 26) Arrived Nako
from Sap Francisco, via Valparaiso, etc
At Yokohama (Aug. 28j Arrived Duke of
Fife, from liong Kong, etc., for Tacoma
At Bologna (Aug. 26i Arrived Ryndara
from New Vork, for Rotterdam.
At Brow heart PasBcd Steamer Teutonic,
New York for Queenstown and Liverpool.
At rVllly Passed ritramer Moltke, from
New York for Plymouth. Che-bourg and
Hamburg.
At Antwerp Arrived Steamer Nederland,
from Philadelphia.
At Southampton Sailed Steamer Kaiser
Wllhelm di r Grosse, from Hremen for New
York, via C'htrbourg.
At Movllle Arrived Steamer Anchorla,
from New York for Olasgow.
At Queenstown Sailed Ultonla, from
Liverpool, for Boston. Arrived HaverfurU
from Philadelphia, for Liverpool. '
PRAISES THE FARM
President ItoeitYelt Atpts It ii the Heme ol
Trot Americanism.
HE LIKES THE HONEST, SUGcLl YEOMAN
Admires, Toe, His Eiuicucs and Hit
Independence.
BANGOR CROWD HEARS THE SPEECH
Thtnuidi Till Fair Greundi to Lilian and
Cheer.
TODAY HE WILL GO INTO NEW HAMPSHIRE
4nlts the Pine Tree State to Preach
Ills Gospel of Progress and Plain
Honesty Across th
. Lin.
BANGOR, Me., Aug. 28. The preslden
tlal train from Ellsworth reached her at
11:23 and departed at midnight by the Dan
ville Junction route, via LewUton. for Port
land. All tha member ot the party had re
tired. t
ELLSWORTH, Me., Aug. 27. The presi
dents second day In the Tine Tree state waa
full ot Interest. Starting from the gov.
ernor's residence at ao early hour, he waa
taken for a ahort drive about the city of
Augusta and at 9:30 left for Baugor, where
the principal speech of the day was deliv
ered at the fair grounds In the presence of
an Immense audience. The closest attention
was given at Watervllle, where from far au 1
near came hundreda to see and hear tlu
Brat president who ha visited Maine in
many years. In anticipation of hla coming
a general holiday was declared and all busi
ness was suspended.
Just before leaving Augusta the president
heard that hla old guide, "Bill" Bewail ot
Island Falls, Me., who had accompanied him
o many hunting expedltlona and who had
been for a time employed on his ranch In
Dakota, was at Bangor. He immediately
wired Congressman Powers at Bangor to
"corral" him and hold onto him until he
reached that city. That the congressman
carried out these instructions waa fully
proven when be produced the tall, rawboned,
red-whiskered hunter upon th president's
arrival.
And So Waa Dill.
"I am glad to see you Bill," said the
president, whereupon Bill replied. "You
ain't no gladder than I be." Then It waa
fiat the president told tis storr of friend
ship of many yeara with the old guide and
hunter and how, many yeara ago, while on
a hunting trip through Maine, owing to the
ahortage in the meat aupply, they had eaten
muskrat together, which the president said
waa the laat meat he bad eaten In Malna
before thla trip. Tha prealdent seemed to
delight In the rural simplicity of the man
and insisted that be abould alt down to din. .
oer with him. Bill, therefore, had the dls.
Unction, that comes to but few of dlnin
ttrrfieTmer-rSdcvrtlta of Ounjaf Ion- and
the governor ot hia state at the aame time.
While at the fair ground someone sug
gested to Sewall, who waa aeated on th
platform with the prealdent, tbat h should
go to Washington and secure an appoint
ment aa postmaster, but Bill bad already
received this honor, and aaid to hla In
quisitor: "I be postmaster already."
On the drive through Bangor tbe pres
ident's carriage waa stopped in front of tbe
portico of the Orphans' home, where tbe
little ones were assembled, and they
greeted him in song.
Emphasizing PersonnI Policy.
Before beginning to speak at the fair
grounds the president, noticing tbe Jam
ming and pushing ot the crowd tn front ot
..tp grandstand, cautioned tha people to be
careful of the women and children and
asked them to show their capacity to man
age themselves, which Immediately had
the desired effect. The platform from
which the president spoke waa directly in
front ot the grandstand, which waa packed
with humanity. Behind him waa another
dense crowd. He humorously Informed his
audiencea tbat he did not think be faced
both ways, but that on tbat occaalon he
would have to. On leaving the platform
he drove around the race track In response
to cries from the audience that be do ao.
Tonight the president dined here at the
home of Senator Hale, who accompanied the
party from Bangor. At the depot when th
train pulled in tbe persldent waa eacorted
to a platform nearby and delivered a abort
address. He left at 10 o'clock for Nashua,
N. H., and other points In tbat atate, where
he will apeak tomorrow.
Talks at Bangor Fair Groaads.
BANGOR, Me., Aug. 27. Tbe special train
carrying the prealdent and bla party ar
rived here at 1 o'clock, on schedule time.
The president was met at the train by
President Beal ot tbe Eastern Maine Stat
Fair association, Senator Hale, Congress,
men Llttlefield, Fowera and others. The
party Immediately started for a drive about
the city, going later to tbe fair grounds,
where tbe president mads aa address, aay.
lng;
I am glad to greet the farmers of Maine.
During the century that has closed ths
growth of industrialism haa necessarily
meant that cities and towns have increased
in population more every day than the
country districts. And it remains trus
now, as it haa always been, that In the
last report the country districts are those
In which we are sure to find the old Amer
ican spirit, the old American habits of
thought and ways of living.
Almost all of our great presidents have
been brought up in the country and most
of them worked hnrd on the farms In their
youth and got their early mental training
in the healthy democracy of farm life.
The force which made thes farm-bred
boya leaders of men when they had come
to their full manhood, are still at work
In our country districts. Belf-help and In.
dividual Initiative remain to a peculiar de
gree typical of life In the country, life on
a farm. In a lumbering camp, on a ranch.
Neither the farmers nor their hired hands
ca.i work through combinations us readily
as the rnpitallala or wage-workers of Cit!r-s
can work. '
Proarrsslveaess of tha Farmer.
It must not be understood from this that
there haa been no mange in larmiug and
farm life. The contrary , ttie taw. i'iui
his been much change, much progreoa.
The Grange and similar organisations,
the farmers' Institutes and all the alllancea
which promote intelligent co-operation and
give opportunity for social and Intellectual
intercourse among the farinara, have played
a large part In raising the level of life and
work In the country districts. In the do
main of government the Department of
Agriculture since Its foundation, has
achieved results as striking a those ob
tained under any other branch of th na
tional administration.
Wa live in an era when the best results
can only be achieved, if to Individual self
help w add the mutual self-help which
comes by combination hoth of rU'sena tn
the Individual capacity, and of citlxens
working through the state as an instru
ment, liut after all this haa been said. It
remain true that the countryman, the man
on the farm mure than any other of our
ciltxens today Is called upon continually
to excrulss th qualities which ws Ilk to

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