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THE OMAnA DAILY THURSDAY, AUOTTST 28, 1002.
Tiie Omaha Daily Bee E. ROSEWATER. EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING. TEKMS OF SUBSCRIPTION, pally lies (without Sunday), One xar..4.O0 Lauy toe anu oui.ony, one Tear -uu Illustrated lire, one tunc W fcunuay iee. one ear J-w ttaturuay net. One iear lw 'iwentletn century farmer, One Year.. Loo DKLlVEKk-D BY CARRIER Pally bee (without Sunday;, per copy... Ic pally lies (without bunoaj, per wee. ..lie Lmiy bee (including dunJay), per week..l.c Biiiiuny He, per copy Evening ilee (without huiiilayi, per wek.luc tvfii.iirf be (including sunuayj, per week "0 complaint of Irregularities In uellvery Should be adureeseu to City Circulation Liepartroent OFFICES. Omaha The Bee buliuing. Bourn Omaha cit nan HuilUing. Twenty-nun and t birette. Council tuurfs iu Fearl Street. ChK'agK iH'i Unity feuiluing. New tork Temple Court. Washington uui tountenth Street COKKEoi'ONOifiNC'E. Communication relating to new and edi torial matter should be addressed: omaQa Bee, fc.olior.al Uepartment. BUBlNKdS L.ETTEUS. Business letters and remittances should be addressed: The Bee fublltthlng- Com pany, Omana. REMITTANCES. Remit ty draft, express or postal order, payable to The Bee publishing Company. Only 2-cent stamps accepted tn payment of (nail account, personal checks, except on Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accepted. Ihi! PUBLibliiNU CUMfAM Y. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. Btate of Nebraska. Douglas County, .: George B. Tsschuck, secretary of The Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn, ays that the actual number of full and complete copies of The Uaily. . Morning. Evening and Sunday Bee printed during Uie month or July, lu, waa as louuw. 17 20,510 18... It... to... Zl... 22... 20 .030 20.570 20,5(5 20.500 20,500 SO.B tO 13 (4 26 7 28 20 21 ..20,300 ..20.4170 ..20,840 . .20.440 ..20.5&0 ..20 .BOO ..29.010 ..20.B20 Total 010,450 Una unsold and returned copies.... P.oao Net total sales 000 834 JJet dally aerage GEO. B. TZSCHUCK Subscribed In my presence and sworn to before me this 31st day of July, A. U. 19o!. (Scat) M. B. H UNGATE. Notary Fubild. The Turkish sultan operates on the tnaxlm, Never pay today a bill you can stand off till tomorrow. Caution Well-behaved kittles are hereby warned to purr softly so as not to disturb the policeman. The railroad tax bureau has got up to Its fiftieth bunco bulletin. But 500 bulletins of the same kind will not make the railroad case nuy stronger. The promise Is out that the festive oyter will be with ua before the week rolls around. The crustaceoua lobster baa been In evidence right along. Money may be picked off of weeds In Nebraska only occasionally, when regis tered mall pouches break open, but it grows on every cornstalk and on every farm in the state. A census report shows that 85 per cent of the collar and cuff output is traceable to the factories at Troy, N. Y. Troy Is surely entitled to pose as the mother of laundries. General Miles' proposed visit to the Philippines may be depended on to start a new stream of stories from the news paper mind readers that feed the popo eratlc yellow Journals. - A bird's-eye view of Omaha shows up goodly number of new roofs, noting bouses and dwellings that have risen during the present season. This is sub stantial growth that always counts. Failure of the rice crop In Japan might be utilized to educate the orien tals up to the beauties of American corn bread, muffins and prepared break fast foods. Where la Corn Cake Mur- phy As jet there has been no dispute over the prize money which participants in the naval sham battle have a right to claim. No wonder no one can be per suaded that mimic warfare is as good as the real thing. Chancellor Andrews lectures before the University of Chicago must be the best paylug investment that institution can boast if the value of the free news paper advertising secured by them is taken Into the account. When President Roosevelt comes to Omaha, Ak-Sar-Ben will call him to wit ness the most dazzling electrical parade and Illuminations ever put on the boards. No matter where he goes, at home or abroad, he will not find the equal Challenges tor Jolut debates may be xpected to fly thick and fast in the pending campaign In Nebraska. The fuslonists in this state have always kept a supply of debate challenges on band ready to be set off at every op portunity. What the Union I'acltic strikers can bope to gain by the arrest of President Burt, charged with a constructive of fense of fajse Imprisonment, is diltloult to see. Such a move cun be viewed only as a foolish blunder from which no advantage can accrue. guuge oniraa oi uie l ultra Mutes su preme court docs not hesitute to exprvbs his view that arbitration is the logical method for strike settlement. Can It be possible this emiuent Jurist has read the learned opinion to the contrary of Governor Savage of 'Nebraska? Springing information that an Inde pendent m?at pavUas plant Is In incu bation in Chicago must be the same as giving notice that some outside parties want to be considered in the formation of the packers' combine. There are fcior ways than one of breaking in. 1 30,630) S 2W.S70 $.... SU.K40 4 29,520 211,320 20,500 1 29,610 29.400 t SU.BeO 10 2,B0O 11. 80,510 U 2W.020 Jl 29,015 J4 2,tt0 !..... 20.000 X 20,300 RAILROAD BULLKTIX AO. 4. Ever since the Itenl Estate exchange secured that tiiuch lionstotl of reduction of 3 mills Ixv the state levy for Doiir lns county a well-defined minor has been In circulation In Commercial club and milrond circles that the exhibit made by the committee of the exchange before the State Board of Equalization was designed for future use In the In terest of the railroads, In support of their contention that nil property in the state outside of Douglas county has been assessed at from one;tentu to one twentieth of Its actual value. That well-defined rumor is now condrmed by bulletin No. 48,. which drops the mask and gives the whole thing away in the following language: In Ihe preceding bulletins we have sh wn that there was a general disposition en the part of assessors throughout the state to assess the value of property in their sep arate counties at 10 per cent, or possibly ess. of its value, and in this reduction of asseesnfent the railroads only desired that their assessments should be made on the same basis as other property. In support of this form of argument we have been ably seconded by the facts and figures pre sented and the argument made at Lincoln by the Omaha Real Estate exchange In the presentation of their case, asking for a re duction In the levy for state purposes in Douglas county. Mr. Mcintosh, in bis argument before the board, ably presented thla feature which the railroads wish to make plain. There Is no doubt that the railroads were ably aided by the Real Estate ex change committee and Its attorney, and the most deplorable feature Is that this committee knowingly assisted the rail roads, under the preteuBe that it was saving the taxpayers of Douglas county over $50,000 in taxes for the year 1902. As a matter of fact, the state board reduced the total levy by $100,000. thus deliberately creating an overlap which the next state board will be compelled to make good, unless the policy of reck- ess increase In the state debt shall con tinue to be pursued. , ,. Cutting down the state levy by $100,- 000 In the face of a deficit of $100,000 In the running expenses of the state does not help the taxpayers. It simply piles up the state debt. Increases the annual interest charge and will finally result In an enormous increase in taxation. AVhen the tax bureaucrats assert that the assessors throughout the state show a general disposition to assess property In their separate counties at 10 per cent, or possibly less, of Its value, they de liberately falsify the facts. The as sessors In nearly every county held meetings prior to entering upon their duties and agreed upon a basis for as sessment averaging from one-fourth to one seventh cf actual value, and the real estate and personal property as sessments, with rare exceptions, prove that the rat'o of assessment to actual value la from one-fourth to one-seventh, while the railroad property la assessed by the state board at one-twelfth or one thirteenth of Its actual value. When the supreme court shall order the state board to reconvene for the re assessment of railroad property on an honest and equitable basis, the bulletins issued "by authority of the railroads" will afford the strongest proof against the railroads that could be produced in support of the charge that the railroads of Nebraska do not bear their Just share of the tax burden. THK DUTY TOWARD CUBA. President Roosevelt Is most earnestly in favor of a liberal commercial policy toward Cuba. He believes that this is not only essential to the welfare of that Island, but would be highly beneficial to this country, lie takes the view that as Cuba Is to be a part of our Interna tional political system we must make her a part of our economic system. "I ask it in her Interest and I ask it In ours," said Mr. Roosevelt. "There Is a great market in Cuba and I wish to see it controlled iu the interest of our own people." In a very pointed way he urged the expediency of caring for the interests of the people to the south of us, with particular reference to Cuba, saying that "We must remember' that we can do good' with ourselves perma nently only If we do good to those with whom we are brought into contact; that we must keep both facts well In mind. We must keep our own interests as well as the interests of the weaker people whose destiny is now inextricably in terwoveu with ours." . lie made an ap peal in behalf of reciprocity with Cuba, "primarily in Cuba's interests, but also tor our own great benefit" It is not to be doubted that this un qualified appeal of President Roosevelt win have a very decided effect upon public opinion. Its earnestness and sincerity cannot be doubted. No man in the country is more solicitous than the president respecting the interests of Atmrk-uu industries. He has at all times shown a desire to conserve those Industries and to maintain a policy necessury to their development and prubperity. Not less than his predeces sor he believes iu protecting American ludustiies and Americun lubor. lie has stated this plainly iu his recent utter ances. But Mr. Roosevelt believes that we can enter into closer trade relations Willi our near neighbor, Cuba, without any sucrince of our domestic interests, but ruther With advantage to them as a wLole, und therefore be counsels reel-ptve-ity, nut upon any specific tines, but on a basis which he believes will be at once teueuciai to cuutt ana to our selves. ' " The question is one which still claims sevious deliberation. There are Ameri can interests which are deeply con cerned iu its determination.. Repub lican state conventions have with few exceptions pronounced in favor of reci procity with Cuba and many republican leaders are in accord with the presi dent. It is a question that must be decided In the near future aud it Is well that President Roosevelt Is giving an opportunity for the expression of ritlKltf tantlmAnl w ui.nl. 1, IT1. , f pvijl I MM. II,.. KBIICVUJlf JU.i9 speech at Lowell will undoubtedly com mand general attention and the public opinion It will elicit will show pretty conclusively to what extent the country approves the president's position. VALUABLE AS ritACTH K. The consensus of expert opinion Reems to be that about the only merit of the recent naval maneuvers is in .the prac tice which It gave to those engaged in It. It appears perfectly obvious that it proved nothing conclusively as to our ability for defense against a foreign enemy. In order to have done this the attacking and defending forces should have been practically equal In strength, whereas there was a wide disparity, the defending force havitig sixty-five points, thus giving it a very great 'ad vantage. It Is by no means Improbable that had the force under Commander IMlsbury been as strong as that of Ad miral Higginson the result would have, been different. There is consequently no satisfactory conclusion to be derived from this mimic naval war and it seems quite safe to assume that no better result will come of the naval and military operations presently to take place. Such sham conflicts may be very excellent in the practice they afford, but beyond this they are of little if any value. There can be no reasonable objection to having them once a year, but it will hardly be seriously claimed that they are Important as a means of demon strating our ability for defense. How ever, there Is only the most remote dan ger of our having this put to the test by a foreign enemy and meanwhile there will be nothing lost In training our sol diers and sailors under conditions which closely Imitate actual war. AH IXQUISITIUN. A New York paper says that entrance to that port by travelers from foreign countries has of late become an odious experience. There has been much com plaint of the offensive nature of the inquisition on the part of agents of the immigration bureau and some reform in regard to this la being considered by the authorities. An example la given in the case of a youth, the son of a promi nent English lawyer and member of Par liament, who on his arrival at New York was asked among other questions if he had ever been in Jail and if he was a polygamlst. The propounding of such questions to a boy naturally attracted attention and when the matter came to the knowledge of the commissioner gen eral of immigration he promptly de cided to take steps thut would obviate such offensive Inquisition. The Immi gration agents are of course acting In conformity to the law, but they axe sup posed to exercise a reasonable amount of discrimination in their questioning. As the commissioner general says, the agents are expected to exercise tact and udgment in carrying out the part of the law requiring them to ascertain cer tain facts regarding persons coming Into the country, ' The absurdity, for in stance, of asking a boy of 19 If he Is a polygamlst is so obvious that there can be no satisfactory - excuse for it. Tue desirability of shutting out criminals and others whom' the law excludes will not be questioned, but the work is not forwarded by subjecting tourists, mer chants and all other foreigners to ques tions that in many cases can be re garded only as insulting. "The an archist or criminal will not hesitate to swear falsely," observes the New York Moil and Express. "Their detection must depend upon the combination of well-informed watchfulness of agents or this country In Europe and common sense discrimination by the home offi cials, whose chief duty is to bold the transportation companies to the full ex ecution of their responsibilities." There is very clearly need of reform in this matter and it would seem thut this Is to be properly secured only through congressional action, so modify ing the law that the immigration agents will not have to' make the offensive In quisition now required of them. i The Baldwin-Mercer police board has given us another example of its idea of reform by promoting to a sergeancy one of the police captains It had re duced to the ranks without charges or trial Immediately on assuming control of the department. With the rcuBous for the present promotion, as endorsed on the board's records, "for long and faithful service and obedience to orders," no one will take Issue, but It la certainly pertinent to ask why an otlleer worthy of such commendation, who by strict attention to duty had worked himself up from the bottom to the posi tion of captain,' should have been sud denly put back on a patrolman's beat and deprived, without a hearing, of every advancement earned through long years of service. If this is the concep tion of police discipline entertained by members of the reform police commis sion, what Incentive to efficient service can members of the force have? The Omaha Real Estate exchange ren dered excellent service to the taxpayers of this city in its effort to enforce more equitable assessment in the city of Omaha and county of Douglas, and es pecially in securing from the supreme court the decision that compels the as sessment of the franchises of public utility corporations. But for some reason that nobody has been willing or able to explain a secret compact has been made with the railroads by which the Real Estate exchange Is to play the part of the monkey who Is to pull hot railroad chestnuts out of the fire. The New York World weather expert Is trylug to console us that there is time for us to eujoy a VAC summer yet If we should get our summer weather iu the winter season, will we not have trouble In catching up on winter tem perature! Chances are good that by the end of the year we will all be willing to turn over a new leaf on the calendar and call it quits. The league' of American -Municipalities will have no trouble In agree. ng that there is room for vast Improvement in the administration oX our American cities, but it will also have to admit that the progress of municipal reform J has kept well trp with the progress of the people making up the city. Let the campaign of education go on. Slow hmt Sare. New York Tribune. American diplomacy with the porta some time has to move slowly, but It generally gets there, alt the same. Out Mlid Sarprlse. Saturday Evening Post Beef went up en account of the scarcity of beef. Coal went up because of the scarcity of coal. The only surprising thing Is that ice did not go up on account of the scarcity of water. Some Cause for Thaakf alneaa. Kansas City Journal. One of the gratifying things about the naval encounter between' Captain Pillabury and Admiral Higginson is the fact that it does not saddle the country with an addi tional pension roll. . He'll Never Get Left. .Brooklyn Eagle. Russell Sage Is afraid that there are too many trusts, and there will be a grand col lapse some morning, when Morgan isn't looking. Uncle Rusacll believes, appar ently, that there Is going to be a brokers' trust But he need not fear. He will be in it Old Wound Still Hankies. Baltimore American. The feeling of the conquered provinces, exhibited by a deputation of citizens from Lorraine who crossed the frontier to par ticipate in a French celebration of a battle of 1870, shows that the old wound still rankles, and a wound which refuses to heal is as bad tor international health as It Is for individuals. The physical volcanoes may not be the only ones which have been si lently working on the underside toward a disastrous explosion. . "I FIGHTS MIT SIGEL." Passing; of a Noted Flamre of the CItH .War Period. Chicago Tribune. One of the notable figures of the Ger man revolution of 1848 and of the Amer ican civil wsr has passed away. General Frans Sigel died yesterday In his seventy-eighth year.- The failure of the rev olution of "48 was a happy event for the Vnlted State, it drove Into exile on these shores a choice body of educated, ardent, llberty-lovlng Germans, who lost none of their devotion to freedom when they crossed the ocean and who fought as bravely In its cause with tongue, pen and sword in this country as In their na tive land. .. - v When the' civil wr breke etit S!-s! was precisely where he was needed. He was at St. Louis. He went there to teach boys the arts of pease and found it necessary to Instruct men tn the school of the sol dier. The American.' Blair, had no more ef ficient ally In his fight to hold St Louis and Missouri for the' union than the German, Sigel. The latter orajilied his country men. He "had had11 a ' thorough military education. He had'1 taken an active part in military operation Tn Baden. He raised a regiment, , be .became brigadier general and major generahitn He played a con spicuous andi creditable, part In military affairs in Missouri during the first year of the war, but he was not a great mili tary genius, and when be was transferred to the valley ef Virginia his reputation suffered there, as 'Old 'the reputations of so many other federal gmerals. His management of affairs did not satisfy Gen eral Grant. " He was roiiAvaii . mand and the German soldier could no longer proudly say'! ' "I fights mlt Sigel." But if ' Sigel made' mistakes in bis Vir ginia campaigns, he made none when be helped to capture Camp Jackson and save miBBuun. is services at St. T.n,,i of , , nvto singular value. After the war General Sigel held offices trust under the national of tsw'wuau K.U W and under the municipal government of '""10 city, iney were given to hlra because he was innwn tn ... buio tug an Incorruptible man who could be relied uu mways to ao his full duty wherever he might be placed. In war and In peace, in office and out of office, Frani Sigel waa ever true to his adopted country and to "'so taeais or freedom and Justice which Inspired him in the days of his rev olutionary youth. '' UNCLE SAM vAND HIS SEEDS, Some New Ideaa Aboat the Dlstrlbn. tlon Likely to Bloom. Baltimore American. Secretary Wilson, the kind-hearted friend of the farmer, at the head of the Depart ment of Agriculture, has at his command over a quarter of million dollars, to be spent in seeds and plants, for free distribu tion to those who want them, and whose names congressmen will consent to send to btm. This Is a pretty large sum of money. even in these blllfon-dollar days, but this is a pretty large country, with a large num ber of people In It, and not a few of them want free seeds. In fact. It Is right bard to find an individual, man, woman or child, who will not consent to take something, even a package of seeds, provided It is gotten for nothing. So Uncle Sam never has any difficulty in getting rid of his seed supply, no matter bow large It may be. There has long been a suspicion that the government is overdoing . the free seed business and that no small part of the money expended on it is wasted. There have been times in the history of the de partment when Maine waa oversupplled with cotton seed and North Dakota with tobacco. There have also been times when the seeds sent out persistently refused- to come up, and other times when the wheat came up oats, the corn came up cucumbers and the cabbages came up cauliflowers. Secretary Wilson, is, however, something of a reformer and does not propose to have these rather odd and curious things occur again It he can help It. Most of the seed packing will now be done in Washing ton and directly under his own eye. The secretary has also a new idea which he proposes to bring Into the neptt distribu tions. Like all good Americana, he Is a firm believer in public schools, and, as he is also a firm believer in free seeds, he can see no good reason why the two could not be brought Into a harmonious and mutually profitable organisation. With thla end in view, the secretary will have thousands of seed packages marked especially for the publics schools, to be given to them, and to them alone. It Is intended that the chil dren, after being taught all about them, shall plant and nurture and water them until the crop la harvested. Of course. this cannot be done In the brick-paved school plsygroiipils in the eltlea, but may be done tn the school yards In the country As a rule, th country boy has plenty of work to do at home, but perhaps he will not object to running a school garden, too, if th secretary of agriculture thinks bis wind would thereby be improvseV The President on Trusts Conservative Policies. Philadelphia Ledger (Ind. rep.) The president's view of tbe trust ques tion In its relation to federal control is conservative. In framing federal legisla tion to curb monopolistic trusts care must be taken not to discourage the corporate ventures which do not tend to monopoly. As the president points out It Is necesssry to have co-operation In the business world an It Is to hire workers' organizations. "But we have s right to ask In earn cane that they shall do good and not harm." Pessimistic Kick. r Philadelphia Record (Ind. dem.) . Does any man now In middle life really expect to see the economic processes In dorsed and lauded by Mr. Roosevelt In crusted and fixed In the body politic? Of' what avail to preach platitudes concerning the mental attitudes of various classes in the presence of overwhelming material facts like the raid of the Beef trust upon tbe common people's pockst. or the mag nificent sweep of the syndicates? The people are entitled to expect something more to the purpose from their Rough Rider president How different the Roosevelt of former years ardent reformer, Impatient critic of authority, unfaltering champion of In dependence and Individual Initiative from this Roosevelt who from the accidental vantage ground of exalted publlo station throws dust In the eyes of the people, sees no Ills worth mentioning, and exudes only words, words, words I pa tbe Rlftht Track. Brooklyn Eagle (Ind. dem.) The speech may be summed up, tn a sentence, as blazing a distinct trail for the future, while It leaves the present to take care of Itself, Just where It Is. This atti tude will be satisfactory to that large bus iness element which believes that the trusts promote prosperity and which de sires to lay controlling hands upon them only after full assurance that such control will not upset the business of the country. It will disgust Iconoclasts, reformers and the whole brood of "Hew the line" publi cists and statesmen. So far as the speech affects the Issues for 1904, It tends to draw sharp line between these antagonistic classes. We have bad two striking demon strations as to which of these classes Is in a majority. It behooves the democrats to be wary as to how they allow the president and bis party to monopolize the conserva tive side, of that issue. The president has bid for this battle ground with the astute ness of a much older campaigner. If he Is allowed to hold it unchallenged he at least will have no reason to complain. Greater Viator Demanded, Baltimore American (rep.). In the matter of suggesting such a cure the president did not go at Providence as far as he might have gone. His reference to the necessity of procuring a constitu tional amendment was proper. Such an amendment Is proper before the trusts can be adequately dealt with, which must WAGES AND COST OP LIVING. Instructive FlaTuree Compiled by tbe Massachusetts Boreas of Statistics. Indianapolis News. The Massachusetts Bureau of Statistics has been Investigating the cost of living with particular application to men of small Income and reaches the conclusion, reached by other investigations, that In spite of our prosperous times tbe average man Is notlso! wall off as be has been. A . great majority of the families of Massachusetts,- the bureau says, have an average Income of lesa than $1,000 a year. In vestigating the average yearly expendi ture of a representative family with such an Income It finds It amounting to $797, proportioned thus: Four hundred and twenty-eight dollars for food, 8109 for clothing, $100 for all other purpose. As th Item of food 1 the largest, price for food are of chief concern. The bureau report that since 1897 there has been an Increase tn price of all foods of 11.16 per cent; In dry good and shoes of 16.07 per cent; fuel (before the anthracite strike) 9.78 per cent. Put in a concrete way the food, clothing, rent and fuel that now coat $683.84, cost In 1897 $686.90. Offsetting these Increases there has been Increase In wages., which the bureau will next In vestigate, but it 1 known that while In crease in wage have taken place, they have not been general nor have they been in proportion to the Increase of the cost of living. The moral of all this I a double one: First, those that are fortunate enough to be employed, and this practically mean everybody these day, should remember that a an actual fact ' the great est part of the prosperity I the- op portunity to labor and not the actual amount of profit. And so there should be a rigid attempt at saving against the time when labor may be scarce. The other de duction 1 that a a whole people we should take In hand our law that give monop olies to trusts and enable these to increase prices to Americana beyond world price beyond price that tbe same concern ask foreigner to pay. PERSONAL NOTES. Europe 1 atartled because the young king of Spain shows some human traits. A glimpse of th empty bin and a glance at ihe soaring price of coal are not likely to check perspiration. Senator Quay Is rarely without a book In bis pocket. His favorite authors are Words worth, Tennyson, Carlyle and Ruakln. The shah Is a genuine land lubber, as the only ship to which tbe Persian are accus tomed 1 th ship of the desert the camel. Senator Depew was Interviewed upon his return from Europe and laughed heartily at hi own Jokes. Our own Chauncey la indeed the same old boy. Major E. B. Cassatt, s son of the presi dent of the Pennsylvania railway, has sailed for London to assume his duties as military attach to the American embassy. Lieutenant J. M. Worrell, a confederate officer, baa presented to the statehouse, Co lumbus, O., a piece of the first flagpole ever erected In honor of Abraham Lincoln. Vermont is on th threshold of th first real political campaign In a generation. It I a three-cornered affair and is already warm enough to wither the moss on the granite hills. Prof. William Petrle, th eminent English Egyptologist and explorer, is known by bis London Intimate a "the king of spades" on account of his mania for delving after archaeological specimens. Count A. Quadt, charge d'affaires of th German embassy, acting on instructions from Berlin, has invited the United State to a conference next spring which shall take step for a thorough study of earth quake. Carrie Nation waa delivering a "lectur" In Lima. O., a few nights' ago and in the course of her remarks Indulged In abuse of th late President McKlnley. This made her bearers somewhat restive and one of them, roused by a particularly brutal re mark, arose and called ber a liar. In stantly th audience was in an uproar, which continued for some minutes. When quiet was restored nearly ail th seats were mpty. ... be by the federal government But If he hss sueh an amendment In mind, and means to press for Its authorization by congress, It would bavs been wise for President Roosevelt to have said so very plainly, not to have shot all around the mark and left his purposes bis real and actual determi nation very largely to the imagination of the public. In other things the president has shown a certain amount of fearless ness. Even in regard to tbe trusts be has in times past displayed a vigor and ear nestness In combating them that promised dltect results.. We see, therefore, no rea son for him to hedge now, and make tbe point that if he alma to induce acceptance of the trusts by teaching a certain theory concerning them he will tall. Success tor him lies in the direction of an honest and a determined effort to curb and crush these baneful combinations until the people shall be entirely relieved of the affliction im posed by their existence. Oolaai to Extreme. , New Tork Sun (rep.) Mr. Roosevelt seems to have been Im pressed by the arguments advanced by the Hon. Charles E. Llttlefleld In favor of tbe plan of constitutional amendment; a plaa which the Maine statesman advocated in a powerful speech In the house of representa tives on June 1, 190Q. We note, also, that although Mr. Bryan has frequently expressed th opinion that such a constitutional amendment may be necessary, the democratic platform of 100, on which be and Mr. Stevenson ran against McKlnley and Roosevelt, did not venture so far as to propose that extreme method. The revision of the constitution, however, to enlarge the powers of the federal gov ernment over the business of the country, was specifically demanded la 1900 by the platform of the social democrats, on which stood Eugene V. Dab of Illinois and Job Harrtman of California as that party's can didates for president and vice president The Hoot of the Evil. New York World. , The president's Insistence upon national supervision of the trusts and upon pub licity for their affair I strenuous and ad mirable.. Both these things are needed. But neither one nor both combined will cure those evils of monopoly from which the people suffer most Publicity as to the affairs of trusts would very likely save investors and speculators some losses In tbe securities of over-capltaltsed cor porations, and it should be enforced. Bat the Steel trust already publishes reg ularly very full and detailed statements of Its earnings, Its expenses and the amount and nature of Its obligations and assets. Other great corporation are doing the same as a matter of honest dealing with the 'public. Yet this publicity doe not prevent them from charging Americans more than tbey do foreigners tor their products. Supervision and publicity are both re quired and are alike good. But they do not touch the rooted evil of the trust pro tected by tariff of monopolies encouraged by law. BITS ok WAiHiituiun Lir u. Minor Scenes and Incident Sketched on the Spot. Secretary Wilson of the Agricultural department has caused a commotion among Washington horse dealers by bring ing to town for g6vernment service two teams of. horees from Iowa. Th horse were selected from a drove that bad been used at the Ames' college In conducting an experiment1 "of ' considerable interest snd praotlcal valu to the horse breeder In me middle west. Several years ago, when horse were bringing such a low price, an experiment ' wa undertaken to determine the qualities snd value of western range- Drea norses, obtained a range coita and developed under lows farm condition. At that time horses In the west were sell ing as . low a $S a head and the experi ment station at Ames secured a carload of well bred colts from the ranges of Wyom ing and Montana. The colt were can fully selected in regard both to good breeding and individual excellence. The experiment proved very satisfactory, the animals having been much admired a developed and used at the college. Those old to Secretary Wilson are a pair of teel gray Percheron for hauling the de partment's mall and express, and a .pair of well matched, seal-brown coach horse that will be used in Secretary Wilson's carriage.. It 1 the opinion of good horse men that, the secretary will ride behind a handsome a pair as there Is in Wash ington. The last bronte figure completing th magnificent clock of the library of con gress has been, finally set In place over the portal of the beautiful public reading room. The clock, with it attendant sculptures, cost the government the sum of $9,600. The bronse figures symbolizing time, day and night and thr hours now sur mount the timepiece. The scaffolding which had been erected for the accommo dation of the workmen ha been removed and the library of congress I complete, as far as It architectural plan were to be carried out. The commission for the clock wa given In 1894. To design it took two year. In a panel about eight and a half feet square is a dial structure of various colored marble rich deep red, sienna and green African, incrusted with malachite, lapis lazuli, thullte and other seml-preclous tone.' The dial 1 a, sun In gilt bronse, three feet In diameter, framed with a wreath and garland of Intertwined oak and laurel la bronze patlne. The bronze figure on each side and surmounting th dial, and which constitute th new additions, are a rich dark green bronze, the artist having anticipated the effect of time In the color. On either aide of. the. face are student, typifying th "Reader" and th "Writer." Above th dial atructur snd coming out of tbe ground of gilt mosaic, on which ar figured, also in mosaic, th signs of th Zodiac. Is a group of "Time" with twe at tendant figure of "Day" and "Night" Tbs group I decoratively completed by two In fanta accompanying "Day" snd "Night," th advance guard of th "Hour." "Time" la armed with his traditional glasa and redoubtable scythe. "Day" and "Night" bsve each their appropriate at tributes.' "Day" la scattering flowers rose and "Night" ha her star and a comet. Th sign of th Zodiac form, a It were, an oval tram In color around th group and accentuate It meaning a well a tb decorative effect of th whole. The figure of theg roup and th two on tbe dial struc ture are slightly under lit alt. Th work la-completed by a small, high relief In bronze of the "Swift Runners." This little group occupies th circular panel of the parapet on which theclock rests. Just under tbe dial, and typifies th continuation of knowledge. Your TJucl Samuel turns many an extra dollar by coining all klnda of money for South Amerleita republic. The work Is don principally at tb Philadelphia mint. Just now the mint Is turning out a bunch of n.tney for Venezuela amounting to 800.000 five bolivar piece and 260,000 two-bolivar piece. Th first mentioned amount Is equal to $300,000 la our money sad tbe eeooad to $92,777.80 la Vnlted State aubsldlary coins. The flve-bollvar piece I equal In weight and value to two of our half dollar, and. th ttvo-bollvar piece Is about the site of our half dollar. Thers Is In addition another order for 71.000 five and 60,000 two. There Is no Instance of money made here for other countries being returned on the ground that It was faulty. There has not been a great deal of this work for outsider lately. A few day ago, however, th mint got an order for 600.000 centavos for the government of Colombia. These pieces are equal to our half dallar. At present the mint Is engaged upon 1,600, 000 of our own standard dollar and Is run ning right along on th subsidiary coins, five cent pieces, ten and twenty-fives. There I no limit to th turning out of pen nies. About ten presses sre working. Five are on nickels. The government I getting ready for the fall trade, which Is always busy. Two men were standing on s Fourteenth treet corner the other afternoon, relate the Washington Post, when they observed about half a block away one of their friends bearing down upon them. Even In the dis tance they could perceive In the bright unshlne that their approaching friend bad a mighty visible snd poignant looking case of black eye. "There come Jim Hlghstep," said on of . the men, nudging th other, "snd look at th shiner he got! Somebody must ha", handed him a poke. I'll bet you a pat dollar that ths first thing he'll ay whan we remark his bum lams will be: 'Yes, but you ought to see th other fellow!' " "That give you too much the best of It," aid the other, "but I'll lay you even money for a dollar that he'll hurl- a om -kind of a fairy tale to account for the shiner; that b fell upstairs In th dark; that he ran Into a post; that he fell down, or something of that sort." Their mutual friend wa by this time too near to permit of the gambling end of It to be carried to a closed deal, but, neverthe less, th two men exchanged crafty wink with each other a he earns up to them. It was plain that they bad It all doped out as to how the man with th damaged optlo was going to conduct himself when taxed with th ssme. - . "Hello, Jim." they said, ia chorus; "where'd you get hold o' that pickled binocular t" ... The man with the discolored orb smiled cheerfully at them and replied: "I got too Infernally chesty last night with a fellow that had me outclassed In height, heft and reach and he passed me the funniest punoh you ever heard of ain't It a lght?" Then he wondered why his pair of friends gazed at him reproachfully and in a manner indicating their belief that he had some how or another Imposed upon them. ABSTRACTIONS WILL KEEP. Demoeratte Platform Maker Warned to Go Slow. Brooklyn Eagle (ind. dem.) There are golden egg la th American neat. Some call the tariff law tbe goose that placed them there.. Some Identify the trust as the source of the supply. . Others distribute the credit equally,- or otherwise.' And more of them seem to be ccmiss. Surely, these ere faets that should be born in mind even by a demo- ' cratlo platform maker. He need not necessarily go on a hunt, knife In hand, In search of the goose, wherever it may be. That he will clamor for tariff re vision goes without saying. That he will be a rampant and belligerent theorist Is well within the possibilities. Vast under taking are characterising the trad devel opment of th time. For such under takings , vast sum of . moneys ar la -demand. Open pur strings ar of 'vital consequence. Credit which - Is virtually ' unlimited la among th essential. Credit . goes with confidence. It 1 withdrawn when confidence 1 lost. With It with drawal oomes buslnesa disaster. With blind tariff tinkerer In the saddle loss of confidence will come. The loglo of this I , clear. For the rampant theorist there Is -plenty of room in th background. For other room should be found at the front Abstraction will keep. , , MIRTHFUL REMARKS. Philadelphia Press: Mr. Goodart She certainly has the gift of song, don't you think? . Mis Spelts I hope so. I d hat to think he was flim-flammed Into paying anything for It Chicago Tribune: "Hlgglns la a vain man." .... ' ' "I never noticed It." "But he la. Why, he ha gotten so proud that he has X-ray photograph of himself taken every time he eat a porternouse teak." Puck: Alice (finding a roll of bill under her plate) You were out awfully late, Arthur. Is this conscience money? Arthur (timidly, from behind hie news paper) No, my dear hush money, Washington Star: "Sometimes," said Uncle Kben, "you meets a man dat take a heap o' credit foh , philanthropy because lie' wlllln', to overlook his own faults an' make other folks Stan' around." Judge: "Doesn't she keep summer board ers?" we ask, Indicating the aharp-visaaed lady with the market basket on her arm. "Not very long," explains our friend, who haa boarded so long that he call th dining room file by their, flrat names. Brooklyn Eagle: "This Is a cold, un feeling world," ha remarked bitterly. 'Hal" returned his companion. "You have heard the ribald laugh when you slipped on a banana skin, too, have yout" Chicago Post: "At any rate," aha said, "If women were in control of affair they would have more stamina than men. A. woman never surrenders." "Oh, I don't know," he said, carelessly. "What do you call it when a woman say 'I do' In the marriage service?" "BOY, TAKE OFF 1KH COLLAR. American Agriculturist Father raised up us boys kinder mlld-ltk an' easy; "All wuk an' no play" wan't no part of hi creed. W tended th huskln's an raisin ' an' tralnln'a. An' hed as much fun es a youngster e'd need. As fer me, I wus lasy-llke, wrapped up In dree ln' An" prtnkln' an posln" an' Hen my head. An' father most alius w'd smile an' say nolhln'. But I reckon I knew that he meant what h sed . . When he'd come In an' holler; "Son, take oft yer collar, Get on yer old clothes an come dowa In -the shed!" It might mean th woodpile wus needln' attention, Er grlndln' th scythe, gsttln' ready ter nay; Er It might be moat anything els you od mention, But It alius meant work for tbe rest of the day. . ... An' I alius felt somehow, thet workln an' . grubbln' Come more natch'rul an' wusn't worth grumblln' about. When I hed on my overalls, cowhide an' Jumper. . . An the duds I'd put on when I heard father shout From the medder an' holleri "Son, tske on yer collar. Get on yer clothes right away an' com out!'' I'm older eonlder"ble now. an don't worry 'Bout sparkln' an' prlnkin' an' dressln' ter kill. I've worked purty hard on thee rocky old acres Hed fun, too, a-plenty, an suppose alius will. But when I drive up ter th village ter barter. An' see youngsters a-loafln around tn my view, A-crai kin' cheap Joke an' a-boasttn an blowln', I keeps my mouth abet, but I own up ter you, I'm Just Itchtn" ter holler: "Boy, take off yer collar. ' Get in yer old clothe show us what f oaa dot" V r f U i ') r Si .V