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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 28, 1902, Image 6

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THE OMAnA DAILY THURSDAY, AUOTTST 28, 1002.
Tiie Omaha Daily Bee
E. ROSEWATER. EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING.
TEKMS OF SUBSCRIPTION,
pally lies (without Sunday), One xar..4.O0
Lauy toe anu oui.ony, one Tear -uu
Illustrated lire, one tunc W
fcunuay iee. one ear J-w
ttaturuay net. One iear lw
'iwentletn century farmer, One Year.. Loo
DKLlVEKk-D BY CARRIER
Pally bee (without Sunday;, per copy... Ic
pally lies (without bunoaj, per wee. ..lie
Lmiy bee (including dunJay), per week..l.c
Biiiiuny He, per copy
Evening ilee (without huiiilayi, per wek.luc
tvfii.iirf be (including sunuayj, per
week "0
complaint of Irregularities In uellvery
Should be adureeseu to City Circulation
Liepartroent
OFFICES.
Omaha The Bee buliuing.
Bourn Omaha cit nan HuilUing. Twenty-nun
and t birette.
Council tuurfs iu Fearl Street.
ChK'agK iH'i Unity feuiluing.
New tork Temple Court.
Washington uui tountenth Street
COKKEoi'ONOifiNC'E.
Communication relating to new and edi
torial matter should be addressed: omaQa
Bee, fc.olior.al Uepartment.
BUBlNKdS L.ETTEUS.
Business letters and remittances should
be addressed: The Bee fublltthlng- Com
pany, Omana.
REMITTANCES.
Remit ty draft, express or postal order,
payable to The Bee publishing Company.
Only 2-cent stamps accepted tn payment of
(nail account, personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accepted.
Ihi! PUBLibliiNU CUMfAM Y.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Btate of Nebraska. Douglas County, .:
George B. Tsschuck, secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
ays that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Uaily. . Morning.
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
Uie month or July, lu, waa as louuw.
17
20,510
18...
It...
to...
Zl...
22...
20 .030
20.570
20,5(5
20.500
20,500
SO.B tO
13
(4
26
7
28
20
21
..20,300
..20.4170
..20,840
. .20.440
..20.5&0
..20 .BOO
..29.010
..20.B20
Total 010,450
Una unsold and returned copies.... P.oao
Net total sales 000 834
JJet dally aerage
GEO. B. TZSCHUCK
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 31st day of July, A. U. 19o!.
(Scat) M. B. H UNGATE.
Notary Fubild.
The Turkish sultan operates on the
tnaxlm, Never pay today a bill you can
stand off till tomorrow.
Caution Well-behaved kittles are
hereby warned to purr softly so as not
to disturb the policeman.
The railroad tax bureau has got up to
Its fiftieth bunco bulletin. But 500
bulletins of the same kind will not make
the railroad case nuy stronger.
The promise Is out that the festive
oyter will be with ua before the week
rolls around. The crustaceoua lobster
baa been In evidence right along.
Money may be picked off of weeds In
Nebraska only occasionally, when regis
tered mall pouches break open, but it
grows on every cornstalk and on every
farm in the state.
A census report shows that 85 per
cent of the collar and cuff output is
traceable to the factories at Troy, N. Y.
Troy Is surely entitled to pose as the
mother of laundries.
General Miles' proposed visit to the
Philippines may be depended on to start
a new stream of stories from the news
paper mind readers that feed the popo
eratlc yellow Journals. -
A bird's-eye view of Omaha shows up
goodly number of new roofs, noting
bouses and dwellings that have risen
during the present season. This is sub
stantial growth that always counts.
Failure of the rice crop In Japan
might be utilized to educate the orien
tals up to the beauties of American
corn bread, muffins and prepared break
fast foods. Where la Corn Cake Mur-
phy
As jet there has been no dispute over
the prize money which participants in
the naval sham battle have a right to
claim. No wonder no one can be per
suaded that mimic warfare is as good as
the real thing.
Chancellor Andrews lectures before
the University of Chicago must be the
best paylug investment that institution
can boast if the value of the free news
paper advertising secured by them is
taken Into the account.
When President Roosevelt comes to
Omaha, Ak-Sar-Ben will call him to wit
ness the most dazzling electrical parade
and Illuminations ever put on the
boards. No matter where he goes, at
home or abroad, he will not find the
equal
Challenges tor Jolut debates may be
xpected to fly thick and fast in the
pending campaign In Nebraska. The
fuslonists in this state have always
kept a supply of debate challenges on
band ready to be set off at every op
portunity.
What the Union I'acltic strikers can
bope to gain by the arrest of President
Burt, charged with a constructive of
fense of fajse Imprisonment, is diltloult
to see. Such a move cun be viewed
only as a foolish blunder from which no
advantage can accrue.
guuge oniraa oi uie l ultra Mutes su
preme court docs not hesitute to exprvbs
his view that arbitration is the logical
method for strike settlement. Can It
be possible this emiuent Jurist has read
the learned opinion to the contrary of
Governor Savage of 'Nebraska?
Springing information that an Inde
pendent m?at pavUas plant Is In incu
bation in Chicago must be the same as
giving notice that some outside parties
want to be considered in the formation
of the packers' combine. There are
fcior ways than one of breaking in.
1 30,630)
S 2W.S70
$.... SU.K40
4 29,520
211,320
20,500
1 29,610
29.400
t SU.BeO
10 2,B0O
11. 80,510
U 2W.020
Jl 29,015
J4 2,tt0
!..... 20.000
X 20,300
RAILROAD BULLKTIX AO. 4.
Ever since the Itenl Estate exchange
secured that tiiuch lionstotl of reduction
of 3 mills Ixv the state levy for Doiir
lns county a well-defined minor has
been In circulation In Commercial club
and milrond circles that the exhibit
made by the committee of the exchange
before the State Board of Equalization
was designed for future use In the In
terest of the railroads, In support of
their contention that nil property in the
state outside of Douglas county has
been assessed at from one;tentu to one
twentieth of Its actual value. That
well-defined rumor is now condrmed by
bulletin No. 48,. which drops the mask
and gives the whole thing away in the
following language:
In Ihe preceding bulletins we have sh wn
that there was a general disposition en the
part of assessors throughout the state to
assess the value of property in their sep
arate counties at 10 per cent, or possibly
ess. of its value, and in this reduction of
asseesnfent the railroads only desired that
their assessments should be made on the
same basis as other property. In support
of this form of argument we have been
ably seconded by the facts and figures pre
sented and the argument made at Lincoln
by the Omaha Real Estate exchange In the
presentation of their case, asking for a re
duction In the levy for state purposes in
Douglas county. Mr. Mcintosh, in bis
argument before the board, ably presented
thla feature which the railroads wish to
make plain.
There Is no doubt that the railroads
were ably aided by the Real Estate ex
change committee and Its attorney, and
the most deplorable feature Is that this
committee knowingly assisted the rail
roads, under the preteuBe that it was
saving the taxpayers of Douglas county
over $50,000 in taxes for the year 1902.
As a matter of fact, the state board
reduced the total levy by $100,000. thus
deliberately creating an overlap which
the next state board will be compelled
to make good, unless the policy of reck-
ess increase In the state debt shall con
tinue to be pursued. , ,.
Cutting down the state levy by $100,-
000 In the face of a deficit of $100,000 In
the running expenses of the state does
not help the taxpayers. It simply piles
up the state debt. Increases the annual
interest charge and will finally result
In an enormous increase in taxation.
AVhen the tax bureaucrats assert that
the assessors throughout the state show
a general disposition to assess property
In their separate counties at 10 per cent,
or possibly less, of Its value, they de
liberately falsify the facts. The as
sessors In nearly every county held
meetings prior to entering upon their
duties and agreed upon a basis for as
sessment averaging from one-fourth to
one seventh cf actual value, and the
real estate and personal property as
sessments, with rare exceptions, prove
that the rat'o of assessment to actual
value la from one-fourth to one-seventh,
while the railroad property la assessed
by the state board at one-twelfth or one
thirteenth of Its actual value.
When the supreme court shall order
the state board to reconvene for the re
assessment of railroad property on an
honest and equitable basis, the bulletins
issued "by authority of the railroads"
will afford the strongest proof against
the railroads that could be produced in
support of the charge that the railroads
of Nebraska do not bear their Just share
of the tax burden.
THK DUTY TOWARD CUBA.
President Roosevelt Is most earnestly
in favor of a liberal commercial policy
toward Cuba. He believes that this is
not only essential to the welfare of that
Island, but would be highly beneficial to
this country, lie takes the view that
as Cuba Is to be a part of our Interna
tional political system we must make
her a part of our economic system. "I
ask it in her Interest and I ask it In
ours," said Mr. Roosevelt. "There Is a
great market in Cuba and I wish to see
it controlled iu the interest of our own
people." In a very pointed way he
urged the expediency of caring for the
interests of the people to the south of
us, with particular reference to Cuba,
saying that "We must remember' that
we can do good' with ourselves perma
nently only If we do good to those with
whom we are brought into contact; that
we must keep both facts well In mind.
We must keep our own interests as well
as the interests of the weaker people
whose destiny is now inextricably in
terwoveu with ours." . lie made an ap
peal in behalf of reciprocity with Cuba,
"primarily in Cuba's interests, but also
tor our own great benefit"
It is not to be doubted that this un
qualified appeal of President Roosevelt
win have a very decided effect upon
public opinion. Its earnestness and
sincerity cannot be doubted. No man
in the country is more solicitous than
the president respecting the interests of
Atmrk-uu industries. He has at all
times shown a desire to conserve those
Industries and to maintain a policy
necessury to their development and
prubperity. Not less than his predeces
sor he believes iu protecting American
ludustiies and Americun lubor. lie has
stated this plainly iu his recent utter
ances. But Mr. Roosevelt believes that
we can enter into closer trade relations
Willi our near neighbor, Cuba, without
any sucrince of our domestic interests,
but ruther With advantage to them as a
wLole, und therefore be counsels reel-ptve-ity,
nut upon any specific tines, but
on a basis which he believes will be at
once teueuciai to cuutt ana to our
selves. ' "
The question is one which still claims
sevious deliberation. There are Ameri
can interests which are deeply con
cerned iu its determination.. Repub
lican state conventions have with few
exceptions pronounced in favor of reci
procity with Cuba and many republican
leaders are in accord with the presi
dent. It is a question that must be
decided In the near future aud it Is
well that President Roosevelt Is giving
an opportunity for the expression of
ritlKltf tantlmAnl w ui.nl. 1, IT1.
, f pvijl I MM. II,.. KBIICVUJlf JU.i9
speech at Lowell will undoubtedly com
mand general attention and the public
opinion It will elicit will show pretty
conclusively to what extent the country
approves the president's position.
VALUABLE AS ritACTH K.
The consensus of expert opinion Reems
to be that about the only merit of the
recent naval maneuvers is in .the prac
tice which It gave to those engaged in
It. It appears perfectly obvious that
it proved nothing conclusively as to our
ability for defense against a foreign
enemy. In order to have done this the
attacking and defending forces should
have been practically equal In strength,
whereas there was a wide disparity,
the defending force havitig sixty-five
points, thus giving it a very great 'ad
vantage. It Is by no means Improbable
that had the force under Commander
IMlsbury been as strong as that of Ad
miral Higginson the result would have,
been different.
There is consequently no satisfactory
conclusion to be derived from this
mimic naval war and it seems quite
safe to assume that no better result
will come of the naval and military
operations presently to take place. Such
sham conflicts may be very excellent in
the practice they afford, but beyond
this they are of little if any value.
There can be no reasonable objection
to having them once a year, but it will
hardly be seriously claimed that they
are Important as a means of demon
strating our ability for defense. How
ever, there Is only the most remote dan
ger of our having this put to the test by
a foreign enemy and meanwhile there
will be nothing lost In training our sol
diers and sailors under conditions which
closely Imitate actual war.
AH IXQUISITIUN.
A New York paper says that entrance
to that port by travelers from foreign
countries has of late become an odious
experience. There has been much com
plaint of the offensive nature of the
inquisition on the part of agents of the
immigration bureau and some reform in
regard to this la being considered by
the authorities. An example la given in
the case of a youth, the son of a promi
nent English lawyer and member of Par
liament, who on his arrival at New York
was asked among other questions if he
had ever been in Jail and if he was a
polygamlst. The propounding of such
questions to a boy naturally attracted
attention and when the matter came to
the knowledge of the commissioner gen
eral of immigration he promptly de
cided to take steps thut would obviate
such offensive Inquisition. The Immi
gration agents are of course acting In
conformity to the law, but they axe sup
posed to exercise a reasonable amount
of discrimination in their questioning.
As the commissioner general says, the
agents are expected to exercise tact and
udgment in carrying out the part of
the law requiring them to ascertain cer
tain facts regarding persons coming Into
the country, ' The absurdity, for in
stance, of asking a boy of 19 If he Is a
polygamlst is so obvious that there can
be no satisfactory - excuse for it. Tue
desirability of shutting out criminals
and others whom' the law excludes will
not be questioned, but the work is not
forwarded by subjecting tourists, mer
chants and all other foreigners to ques
tions that in many cases can be re
garded only as insulting. "The an
archist or criminal will not hesitate to
swear falsely," observes the New York
Moil and Express. "Their detection
must depend upon the combination of
well-informed watchfulness of agents or
this country In Europe and common
sense discrimination by the home offi
cials, whose chief duty is to bold the
transportation companies to the full ex
ecution of their responsibilities."
There is very clearly need of reform
in this matter and it would seem thut
this Is to be properly secured only
through congressional action, so modify
ing the law that the immigration agents
will not have to' make the offensive In
quisition now required of them.
i The Baldwin-Mercer police board has
given us another example of its idea of
reform by promoting to a sergeancy
one of the police captains It had re
duced to the ranks without charges or
trial Immediately on assuming control
of the department. With the rcuBous
for the present promotion, as endorsed
on the board's records, "for long and
faithful service and obedience to
orders," no one will take Issue, but It la
certainly pertinent to ask why an otlleer
worthy of such commendation, who by
strict attention to duty had worked
himself up from the bottom to the posi
tion of captain,' should have been sud
denly put back on a patrolman's beat
and deprived, without a hearing, of
every advancement earned through long
years of service. If this is the concep
tion of police discipline entertained by
members of the reform police commis
sion, what Incentive to efficient service
can members of the force have?
The Omaha Real Estate exchange ren
dered excellent service to the taxpayers
of this city in its effort to enforce more
equitable assessment in the city of
Omaha and county of Douglas, and es
pecially in securing from the supreme
court the decision that compels the as
sessment of the franchises of public
utility corporations. But for some
reason that nobody has been willing or
able to explain a secret compact has
been made with the railroads by which
the Real Estate exchange Is to play the
part of the monkey who Is to pull hot
railroad chestnuts out of the fire.
The New York World weather expert
Is trylug to console us that there is
time for us to eujoy a VAC summer yet
If we should get our summer weather
iu the winter season, will we not have
trouble In catching up on winter tem
perature! Chances are good that by
the end of the year we will all be
willing to turn over a new leaf on the
calendar and call it quits.
The league' of American -Municipalities
will have no trouble In agree. ng
that there is room for vast Improvement
in the administration oX our American
cities, but it will also have to admit
that the progress of municipal reform J
has kept well trp with the progress of
the people making up the city. Let the
campaign of education go on.
Slow hmt Sare.
New York Tribune.
American diplomacy with the porta some
time has to move slowly, but It generally
gets there, alt the same.
Out Mlid Sarprlse.
Saturday Evening Post
Beef went up en account of the scarcity
of beef. Coal went up because of the
scarcity of coal. The only surprising thing
Is that ice did not go up on account of the
scarcity of water.
Some Cause for Thaakf alneaa.
Kansas City Journal.
One of the gratifying things about the
naval encounter between' Captain Pillabury
and Admiral Higginson is the fact that it
does not saddle the country with an addi
tional pension roll.
. He'll Never Get Left.
.Brooklyn Eagle.
Russell Sage Is afraid that there are too
many trusts, and there will be a grand col
lapse some morning, when Morgan isn't
looking. Uncle Rusacll believes, appar
ently, that there Is going to be a brokers'
trust But he need not fear. He will be
in it
Old Wound Still Hankies.
Baltimore American.
The feeling of the conquered provinces,
exhibited by a deputation of citizens from
Lorraine who crossed the frontier to par
ticipate in a French celebration of a battle
of 1870, shows that the old wound still
rankles, and a wound which refuses to heal
is as bad tor international health as It Is
for individuals. The physical volcanoes may
not be the only ones which have been si
lently working on the underside toward a
disastrous explosion.
. "I FIGHTS MIT SIGEL."
Passing; of a Noted Flamre of the
CItH .War Period.
Chicago Tribune.
One of the notable figures of the Ger
man revolution of 1848 and of the Amer
ican civil wsr has passed away. General
Frans Sigel died yesterday In his seventy-eighth
year.- The failure of the rev
olution of "48 was a happy event for the
Vnlted State, it drove Into exile on
these shores a choice body of educated,
ardent, llberty-lovlng Germans, who lost
none of their devotion to freedom when
they crossed the ocean and who fought
as bravely In its cause with tongue, pen
and sword in this country as In their na
tive land. .. - v
When the' civil wr breke etit S!-s! was
precisely where he was needed. He was
at St. Louis. He went there to teach boys
the arts of pease and found it necessary
to Instruct men tn the school of the sol
dier. The American.' Blair, had no more ef
ficient ally In his fight to hold St Louis and
Missouri for the' union than the German,
Sigel. The latter orajilied his country
men. He "had had11 a ' thorough military
education. He had'1 taken an active part
in military operation Tn Baden. He raised
a regiment, , be .became brigadier general
and major generahitn He played a con
spicuous andi creditable, part In military
affairs in Missouri during the first year
of the war, but he was not a great mili
tary genius, and when be was transferred
to the valley ef Virginia his reputation
suffered there, as 'Old 'the reputations of
so many other federal gmerals. His
management of affairs did not satisfy Gen
eral Grant. " He was roiiAvaii .
mand and the German soldier could no
longer proudly say'! ' "I fights mlt Sigel."
But if ' Sigel made' mistakes in bis Vir
ginia campaigns, he made none when be
helped to capture Camp Jackson and save
miBBuun. is services at St. T.n,,i
of
, , nvto
singular value.
After the war General Sigel held offices
trust under the national
of
tsw'wuau K.U W
and under the municipal government of
'""10 city, iney were given to hlra
because he was innwn tn ...
buio tug
an Incorruptible man who could be relied
uu mways to ao his full duty wherever
he might be placed. In war and In peace,
in office and out of office, Frani Sigel waa
ever true to his adopted country and to
"'so taeais or freedom and Justice
which Inspired him in the days of his rev
olutionary youth. ''
UNCLE SAM vAND HIS SEEDS,
Some New Ideaa Aboat the Dlstrlbn.
tlon Likely to Bloom.
Baltimore American.
Secretary Wilson, the kind-hearted friend
of the farmer, at the head of the Depart
ment of Agriculture, has at his command
over a quarter of million dollars, to be
spent in seeds and plants, for free distribu
tion to those who want them, and whose
names congressmen will consent to send to
btm. This Is a pretty large sum of money.
even in these blllfon-dollar days, but this
is a pretty large country, with a large num
ber of people In It, and not a few of them
want free seeds. In fact. It Is right bard
to find an individual, man, woman or child,
who will not consent to take something,
even a package of seeds, provided It is
gotten for nothing. So Uncle Sam never
has any difficulty in getting rid of his seed
supply, no matter bow large It may be.
There has long been a suspicion that the
government is overdoing . the free seed
business and that no small part of the
money expended on it is wasted. There
have been times in the history of the de
partment when Maine waa oversupplled
with cotton seed and North Dakota with
tobacco. There have also been times when
the seeds sent out persistently refused- to
come up, and other times when the wheat
came up oats, the corn came up cucumbers
and the cabbages came up cauliflowers.
Secretary Wilson, is, however, something
of a reformer and does not propose to
have these rather odd and curious things
occur again It he can help It. Most of the
seed packing will now be done in Washing
ton and directly under his own eye.
The secretary has also a new idea which
he proposes to bring Into the neptt distribu
tions. Like all good Americana, he Is a
firm believer in public schools, and, as he
is also a firm believer in free seeds, he can
see no good reason why the two could not
be brought Into a harmonious and mutually
profitable organisation. With thla end in
view, the secretary will have thousands of
seed packages marked especially for the
publics schools, to be given to them, and to
them alone. It Is intended that the chil
dren, after being taught all about them,
shall plant and nurture and water them
until the crop la harvested. Of course.
this cannot be done In the brick-paved
school plsygroiipils in the eltlea, but may
be done tn the school yards In the country
As a rule, th country boy has plenty of
work to do at home, but perhaps he will
not object to running a school garden, too,
if th secretary of agriculture thinks bis
wind would thereby be improvseV
The President on Trusts
Conservative Policies.
Philadelphia Ledger (Ind. rep.)
The president's view of tbe trust ques
tion In its relation to federal control is
conservative. In framing federal legisla
tion to curb monopolistic trusts care must
be taken not to discourage the corporate
ventures which do not tend to monopoly.
As the president points out It Is necesssry
to have co-operation In the business world
an It Is to hire workers' organizations.
"But we have s right to ask In earn cane
that they shall do good and not harm."
Pessimistic Kick. r
Philadelphia Record (Ind. dem.) .
Does any man now In middle life really
expect to see the economic processes In
dorsed and lauded by Mr. Roosevelt In
crusted and fixed In the body politic? Of'
what avail to preach platitudes concerning
the mental attitudes of various classes in
the presence of overwhelming material
facts like the raid of the Beef trust upon
tbe common people's pockst. or the mag
nificent sweep of the syndicates? The
people are entitled to expect something
more to the purpose from their Rough
Rider president
How different the Roosevelt of former
years ardent reformer, Impatient critic
of authority, unfaltering champion of In
dependence and Individual Initiative from
this Roosevelt who from the accidental
vantage ground of exalted publlo station
throws dust In the eyes of the people, sees
no Ills worth mentioning, and exudes only
words, words, words I
pa tbe Rlftht Track.
Brooklyn Eagle (Ind. dem.)
The speech may be summed up, tn a
sentence, as blazing a distinct trail for the
future, while It leaves the present to take
care of Itself, Just where It Is. This atti
tude will be satisfactory to that large bus
iness element which believes that the
trusts promote prosperity and which de
sires to lay controlling hands upon them
only after full assurance that such control
will not upset the business of the country.
It will disgust Iconoclasts, reformers and
the whole brood of "Hew the line" publi
cists and statesmen. So far as the speech
affects the Issues for 1904, It tends to draw
sharp line between these antagonistic
classes. We have bad two striking demon
strations as to which of these classes Is in
a majority. It behooves the democrats to
be wary as to how they allow the president
and bis party to monopolize the conserva
tive side, of that issue. The president has
bid for this battle ground with the astute
ness of a much older campaigner. If he
Is allowed to hold it unchallenged he at
least will have no reason to complain.
Greater Viator Demanded,
Baltimore American (rep.).
In the matter of suggesting such a cure
the president did not go at Providence as
far as he might have gone. His reference
to the necessity of procuring a constitu
tional amendment was proper. Such an
amendment Is proper before the trusts
can be adequately dealt with, which must
WAGES AND COST OP LIVING.
Instructive FlaTuree Compiled by tbe
Massachusetts Boreas of Statistics.
Indianapolis News.
The Massachusetts Bureau of Statistics
has been Investigating the cost of living
with particular application to men of
small Income and reaches the conclusion,
reached by other investigations, that In
spite of our prosperous times tbe average
man Is notlso! wall off as be has been. A .
great majority of the families of Massachusetts,-
the bureau says, have an average
Income of lesa than $1,000 a year. In
vestigating the average yearly expendi
ture of a representative family with such
an Income It finds It amounting to $797,
proportioned thus: Four hundred and
twenty-eight dollars for food, 8109 for
clothing, $100 for all other purpose. As
th Item of food 1 the largest, price for
food are of chief concern. The bureau
report that since 1897 there has been an
Increase tn price of all foods of 11.16 per
cent; In dry good and shoes of 16.07 per
cent; fuel (before the anthracite strike)
9.78 per cent. Put in a concrete way the
food, clothing, rent and fuel that now
coat $683.84, cost In 1897 $686.90. Offsetting
these Increases there has been Increase In
wages., which the bureau will next In
vestigate, but it 1 known that while In
crease in wage have taken place, they
have not been general nor have they been
in proportion to the Increase of the cost
of living.
The moral of all this I a double one:
First, those that are fortunate enough
to be employed, and this practically mean
everybody these day, should remember
that a an actual fact ' the great
est part of the prosperity I the- op
portunity to labor and not the actual
amount of profit. And so there should be
a rigid attempt at saving against the time
when labor may be scarce. The other de
duction 1 that a a whole people we should
take In hand our law that give monop
olies to trusts and enable these to increase
prices to Americana beyond world price
beyond price that tbe same concern ask
foreigner to pay.
PERSONAL NOTES.
Europe 1 atartled because the young king
of Spain shows some human traits.
A glimpse of th empty bin and a glance
at ihe soaring price of coal are not likely to
check perspiration.
Senator Quay Is rarely without a book In
bis pocket. His favorite authors are Words
worth, Tennyson, Carlyle and Ruakln.
The shah Is a genuine land lubber, as the
only ship to which tbe Persian are accus
tomed 1 th ship of the desert the camel.
Senator Depew was Interviewed upon his
return from Europe and laughed heartily at
hi own Jokes. Our own Chauncey la indeed
the same old boy.
Major E. B. Cassatt, s son of the presi
dent of the Pennsylvania railway, has sailed
for London to assume his duties as military
attach to the American embassy.
Lieutenant J. M. Worrell, a confederate
officer, baa presented to the statehouse, Co
lumbus, O., a piece of the first flagpole ever
erected In honor of Abraham Lincoln.
Vermont is on th threshold of th first
real political campaign In a generation. It
I a three-cornered affair and is already
warm enough to wither the moss on the
granite hills.
Prof. William Petrle, th eminent English
Egyptologist and explorer, is known by bis
London Intimate a "the king of spades"
on account of his mania for delving after
archaeological specimens.
Count A. Quadt, charge d'affaires of th
German embassy, acting on instructions
from Berlin, has invited the United State
to a conference next spring which shall
take step for a thorough study of earth
quake. Carrie Nation waa delivering a "lectur"
In Lima. O., a few nights' ago and in the
course of her remarks Indulged In abuse of
th late President McKlnley. This made
her bearers somewhat restive and one of
them, roused by a particularly brutal re
mark, arose and called ber a liar. In
stantly th audience was in an uproar, which
continued for some minutes. When quiet
was restored nearly ail th seats were
mpty. ...
be by the federal government But If he
hss sueh an amendment In mind, and means
to press for Its authorization by congress,
It would bavs been wise for President
Roosevelt to have said so very plainly, not
to have shot all around the mark and left
his purposes bis real and actual determi
nation very largely to the imagination of
the public. In other things the president
has shown a certain amount of fearless
ness. Even in regard to tbe trusts be has
in times past displayed a vigor and ear
nestness In combating them that promised
dltect results.. We see, therefore, no rea
son for him to hedge now, and make tbe
point that if he alma to induce acceptance
of the trusts by teaching a certain theory
concerning them he will tall. Success tor
him lies in the direction of an honest and
a determined effort to curb and crush these
baneful combinations until the people shall
be entirely relieved of the affliction im
posed by their existence.
Oolaai to Extreme. ,
New Tork Sun (rep.)
Mr. Roosevelt seems to have been Im
pressed by the arguments advanced by the
Hon. Charles E. Llttlefleld In favor of tbe
plan of constitutional amendment; a plaa
which the Maine statesman advocated in a
powerful speech In the house of representa
tives on June 1, 190Q.
We note, also, that although Mr. Bryan
has frequently expressed th opinion that
such a constitutional amendment may be
necessary, the democratic platform of 100,
on which be and Mr. Stevenson ran against
McKlnley and Roosevelt, did not venture so
far as to propose that extreme method.
The revision of the constitution, however,
to enlarge the powers of the federal gov
ernment over the business of the country,
was specifically demanded la 1900 by the
platform of the social democrats, on which
stood Eugene V. Dab of Illinois and Job
Harrtman of California as that party's can
didates for president and vice president
The Hoot of the Evil.
New York World. ,
The president's Insistence upon national
supervision of the trusts and upon pub
licity for their affair I strenuous and ad
mirable.. Both these things are needed.
But neither one nor both combined will
cure those evils of monopoly from which
the people suffer most Publicity
as to the affairs of trusts would very likely
save investors and speculators some losses
In tbe securities of over-capltaltsed cor
porations, and it should be enforced.
Bat the Steel trust already publishes reg
ularly very full and detailed statements of
Its earnings, Its expenses and the amount
and nature of Its obligations and assets.
Other great corporation are doing the same
as a matter of honest dealing with the
'public. Yet this publicity doe not prevent
them from charging Americans more than
tbey do foreigners tor their products.
Supervision and publicity are both re
quired and are alike good. But they do
not touch the rooted evil of the trust pro
tected by tariff of monopolies encouraged
by law.
BITS ok WAiHiituiun Lir u.
Minor Scenes and Incident Sketched
on the Spot.
Secretary Wilson of the Agricultural
department has caused a commotion
among Washington horse dealers by bring
ing to town for g6vernment service two
teams of. horees from Iowa. Th horse
were selected from a drove that bad been
used at the Ames' college In conducting an
experiment1 "of ' considerable interest snd
praotlcal valu to the horse breeder In
me middle west. Several years ago, when
horse were bringing such a low price, an
experiment ' wa undertaken to determine
the qualities snd value of western range-
Drea norses, obtained a range coita and
developed under lows farm condition.
At that time horses In the west were sell
ing as . low a $S a head and the experi
ment station at Ames secured a carload of
well bred colts from the ranges of Wyom
ing and Montana. The colt were can
fully selected in regard both to good
breeding and individual excellence. The
experiment proved very satisfactory, the
animals having been much admired a
developed and used at the college. Those
old to Secretary Wilson are a pair of
teel gray Percheron for hauling the de
partment's mall and express, and a .pair
of well matched, seal-brown coach horse
that will be used in Secretary Wilson's
carriage.. It 1 the opinion of good horse
men that, the secretary will ride behind
a handsome a pair as there Is in Wash
ington. The last bronte figure completing th
magnificent clock of the library of con
gress has been, finally set In place over
the portal of the beautiful public reading
room. The clock, with it attendant
sculptures, cost the government the sum
of $9,600.
The bronse figures symbolizing time,
day and night and thr hours now sur
mount the timepiece. The scaffolding
which had been erected for the accommo
dation of the workmen ha been removed
and the library of congress I complete, as
far as It architectural plan were to be
carried out.
The commission for the clock wa given
In 1894. To design it took two year.
In a panel about eight and a half feet
square is a dial structure of various colored
marble rich deep red, sienna and green
African, incrusted with malachite, lapis
lazuli, thullte and other seml-preclous
tone.' The dial 1 a, sun In gilt bronse,
three feet In diameter, framed with a
wreath and garland of Intertwined oak and
laurel la bronze patlne. The bronze figure
on each side and surmounting th dial, and
which constitute th new additions, are a
rich dark green bronze, the artist having
anticipated the effect of time In the color.
On either aide of. the. face are student,
typifying th "Reader" and th "Writer."
Above th dial atructur snd coming out
of tbe ground of gilt mosaic, on which ar
figured, also in mosaic, th signs of th
Zodiac. Is a group of "Time" with twe at
tendant figure of "Day" and "Night" Tbs
group I decoratively completed by two In
fanta accompanying "Day" snd "Night," th
advance guard of th "Hour."
"Time" la armed with his traditional
glasa and redoubtable scythe. "Day" and
"Night" bsve each their appropriate at
tributes.' "Day" la scattering flowers
rose and "Night" ha her star and a
comet.
Th sign of th Zodiac form, a It were,
an oval tram In color around th group
and accentuate It meaning a well a tb
decorative effect of th whole. The figure
of theg roup and th two on tbe dial struc
ture are slightly under lit alt.
Th work la-completed by a small, high
relief In bronze of the "Swift Runners."
This little group occupies th circular
panel of the parapet on which theclock
rests. Just under tbe dial, and typifies th
continuation of knowledge.
Your TJucl Samuel turns many an extra
dollar by coining all klnda of money for
South Amerleita republic. The work Is
don principally at tb Philadelphia mint.
Just now the mint Is turning out a bunch of
n.tney for Venezuela amounting to 800.000
five bolivar piece and 260,000 two-bolivar
piece. Th first mentioned amount Is equal
to $300,000 la our money sad tbe eeooad
to $92,777.80 la Vnlted State aubsldlary
coins. The flve-bollvar piece I equal In
weight and value to two of our half dollar,
and. th ttvo-bollvar piece Is about the site
of our half dollar. Thers Is In addition
another order for 71.000 five and 60,000 two.
There Is no Instance of money made here
for other countries being returned on the
ground that It was faulty.
There has not been a great deal of this
work for outsider lately. A few day ago,
however, th mint got an order for 600.000
centavos for the government of Colombia.
These pieces are equal to our half dallar.
At present the mint Is engaged upon 1,600,
000 of our own standard dollar and Is run
ning right along on th subsidiary coins,
five cent pieces, ten and twenty-fives.
There I no limit to th turning out of pen
nies. About ten presses sre working. Five
are on nickels. The government I getting
ready for the fall trade, which Is always
busy.
Two men were standing on s Fourteenth
treet corner the other afternoon, relate
the Washington Post, when they observed
about half a block away one of their friends
bearing down upon them. Even In the dis
tance they could perceive In the bright
unshlne that their approaching friend bad
a mighty visible snd poignant looking case
of black eye.
"There come Jim Hlghstep," said on of .
the men, nudging th other, "snd look at
th shiner he got! Somebody must ha",
handed him a poke. I'll bet you a pat
dollar that ths first thing he'll ay whan
we remark his bum lams will be: 'Yes,
but you ought to see th other fellow!' "
"That give you too much the best of It,"
aid the other, "but I'll lay you even
money for a dollar that he'll hurl- a om -kind
of a fairy tale to account for the
shiner; that b fell upstairs In th dark;
that he ran Into a post; that he fell down,
or something of that sort."
Their mutual friend wa by this time too
near to permit of the gambling end of It to
be carried to a closed deal, but, neverthe
less, th two men exchanged crafty wink
with each other a he earns up to them.
It was plain that they bad It all doped out
as to how the man with th damaged optlo
was going to conduct himself when taxed
with th ssme. - .
"Hello, Jim." they said, ia chorus;
"where'd you get hold o' that pickled
binocular t" ...
The man with the discolored orb smiled
cheerfully at them and replied:
"I got too Infernally chesty last night
with a fellow that had me outclassed In
height, heft and reach and he passed me
the funniest punoh you ever heard of ain't
It a lght?"
Then he wondered why his pair of friends
gazed at him reproachfully and in a manner
indicating their belief that he had some
how or another Imposed upon them.
ABSTRACTIONS WILL KEEP.
Demoeratte Platform Maker Warned
to Go Slow.
Brooklyn Eagle (ind. dem.)
There are golden egg la th American
neat. Some call the tariff law tbe goose
that placed them there.. Some Identify
the trust as the source of the supply. .
Others distribute the credit equally,- or
otherwise.' And more of them seem to be
ccmiss. Surely, these ere faets that
should be born in mind even by a demo- '
cratlo platform maker. He need not
necessarily go on a hunt, knife In hand,
In search of the goose, wherever it may
be. That he will clamor for tariff re
vision goes without saying. That he will
be a rampant and belligerent theorist Is
well within the possibilities. Vast under
taking are characterising the trad devel
opment of th time. For such under
takings , vast sum of . moneys ar la -demand.
Open pur strings ar of 'vital
consequence. Credit which - Is virtually '
unlimited la among th essential. Credit .
goes with confidence. It 1 withdrawn
when confidence 1 lost. With It with
drawal oomes buslnesa disaster. With
blind tariff tinkerer In the saddle loss of
confidence will come. The loglo of this I ,
clear. For the rampant theorist there Is -plenty
of room in th background. For
other room should be found at the front
Abstraction will keep. , ,
MIRTHFUL REMARKS.
Philadelphia Press: Mr. Goodart She
certainly has the gift of song, don't you
think? .
Mis Spelts I hope so. I d hat to think
he was flim-flammed Into paying anything
for It
Chicago Tribune: "Hlgglns la a vain
man." .... ' '
"I never noticed It."
"But he la. Why, he ha gotten so proud
that he has X-ray photograph of himself
taken every time he eat a porternouse
teak."
Puck: Alice (finding a roll of bill under
her plate) You were out awfully late,
Arthur. Is this conscience money?
Arthur (timidly, from behind hie news
paper) No, my dear hush money,
Washington Star: "Sometimes," said
Uncle Kben, "you meets a man dat take
a heap o' credit foh , philanthropy because
lie' wlllln', to overlook his own faults an'
make other folks Stan' around."
Judge: "Doesn't she keep summer board
ers?" we ask, Indicating the aharp-visaaed
lady with the market basket on her arm.
"Not very long," explains our friend, who
haa boarded so long that he call th
dining room file by their, flrat names.
Brooklyn Eagle: "This Is a cold, un
feeling world," ha remarked bitterly.
'Hal" returned his companion. "You
have heard the ribald laugh when you
slipped on a banana skin, too, have yout"
Chicago Post: "At any rate," aha said,
"If women were in control of affair they
would have more stamina than men. A.
woman never surrenders."
"Oh, I don't know," he said, carelessly.
"What do you call it when a woman say
'I do' In the marriage service?"
"BOY, TAKE OFF 1KH COLLAR.
American Agriculturist
Father raised up us boys kinder mlld-ltk
an' easy;
"All wuk an' no play" wan't no part of
hi creed.
W tended th huskln's an raisin ' an'
tralnln'a.
An' hed as much fun es a youngster e'd
need.
As fer me, I wus lasy-llke, wrapped up In
dree ln'
An" prtnkln' an posln" an' Hen my head.
An' father most alius w'd smile an' say
nolhln'.
But I reckon I knew that he meant what
h sed . .
When he'd come In an' holler;
"Son, take oft yer collar,
Get on yer old clothes an come dowa In -the
shed!"
It might mean th woodpile wus needln'
attention,
Er grlndln' th scythe, gsttln' ready ter
nay;
Er It might be moat anything els you od
mention,
But It alius meant work for tbe rest of
the day. . ...
An' I alius felt somehow, thet workln an' .
grubbln'
Come more natch'rul an' wusn't worth
grumblln' about.
When I hed on my overalls, cowhide an'
Jumper. . .
An the duds I'd put on when I heard
father shout
From the medder an' holleri
"Son, tske on yer collar.
Get on yer clothes right away an' com
out!''
I'm older eonlder"ble now. an don't worry
'Bout sparkln' an' prlnkin' an' dressln'
ter kill.
I've worked purty hard on thee rocky old
acres
Hed fun, too, a-plenty, an suppose alius
will.
But when I drive up ter th village ter
barter.
An' see youngsters a-loafln around tn
my view,
A-crai kin' cheap Joke an' a-boasttn an
blowln',
I keeps my mouth abet, but I own up ter
you,
I'm Just Itchtn" ter holler:
"Boy, take off yer collar. '
Get in yer old clothe show us what f
oaa dot"
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