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TIIE OMAHA DAILY BEEt WEDNESDAY, OCTOBETt 15, 1002.
Tiie umaha Daily Bee. E. nOSEWATER, EDITOR PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION, pally Bee (without Bunday), une Year.. $4.00 i'&ny cm tno runiay, une ie Illusiratej uec, one rfcar Hutinav H. tinn e.ir 0.1.0 lt.li) t.UO fcxituruay une Kear J-J Tntlpih Century farmer. One year., l.wi DELIVk-IiKD bV CARKIEH. TaJlv Rm (without Rumlay). Der copy.. 2c paliy Wee (wnnoul Bdiiday. per ween....Uc lally Bee Unclud.ng euiiauyj, per week..li0 tdunuay toe, per cupy vemng Wee (without Humlay), per wees. c i:miL Km Hni'luilinir buntiay). per Ci;muialhu''of"'VrrVg'u'l'aritlV"in delivery should be addressed to City Circulation Lie. Ktartraent. OFFICES. Omaha The Bee Bullulng. South Omaha City Hau Building, ,Twen ty-fltth and M Btreets. Council Blufta 10 i-earl Street. Chicago lwo Unity Building. New ork Ojjs furk. itulldlng. Washington 6ol Fourteenth Bireet. . CORRESPONDENCE. Communication relating to new and edl torlal matter ahouid be a,idreaea: Omaha bee. Editorial Department. I BUSINESS XJsTTERS. I Buslneaa letters and remittances should &y?omaa: Th ta Com' remittances. . i Remit by draft, express or postal order, payable to The Bee Publishing company. only s-cent stamps accepted in payment ot Omaha or eastern exchanges not accepted, THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. aaa nf Nahraaka. DouslaS County. SB: George B. Tzschuck, secretary of 'ihe Bee FuDlihblng company, Deing amy wv,"i 1 vi ht thai actual number of full and Z$ffli&yrrt& ue montn ot Beptember, juw, w vwv. i 1 30,180 I..... 80,740 a .....8o,sso 4 8O.A10 1 81,870 80,420 T 31Q t , 8O.UO0 80,7ttO 10 31,050 XL S0.820 11 31,200 U... 81JIOO 14 29.D90 It 81.0SO 16 ...... ,.SIl,xi30 17 8i,oo HJ'Ji!! ai'tso a a,67o 8i,ox J '"7.'.;;sa!a40 j6 aijtoo M o,tto oniaii jj'immi ao.Huo 1 io 8i,io i Total 938,225 Xss unsold and returned copies.... 10,144 Net total sales 18,0H1 j Net dally average SO.eoa GEO. B. TZSCHXTCK. Subscribed In my presence and sworn to before me this 3uh day of September, A. D.. Wl M. B. HUISOATK. (Seal.) . . Notary PubUe. Thursday next Is the first day of reg istration. Mark It down on your calen dar. It seems that the coal barons have finally discovered that there really Is something to arbitrate after alL 1 W .1 W aZ w oVt . employes., aaaaaaaaaaalaaalsaaaaa I The Boer generals visiting Paris have been acclaimed with cheers and ap- plause, not so much from French love of the Boers as from French antipathy to the Britons. I The stranger within our gates during the session of the Christian church con- ventlon In Omaha will be readily recog-1 nlzed by the badges with which he will be decorated. Competition for places on that arbitra tion commission is not likely to be very lively unless applicants get an idea In advance what they may expect out of It for themselves. The new Mercer-Baldwln-Broatch po lice board Is already up against a pros pective deficit In the fire fund. This Is the much-vaunted business management of the fire and police departments. Too much cold water has driven the prohibition candidate for congress in the Third Iowa district out of the cam- palgu. lie found that he could not run his automobile on account of excessive tains. In the art of substituting bad times for good times the democratic party stands without a rival or a peer, but the American people do not propose to have mis art pracucru upou luein any ouener wan necessary. isi year over u.uw voters in umana failed to participate In the election be- cause they neglected to have themselves properly enrolled on the registration books. Such wholesale self-disfranchise' tnent should not be allowed to be re pea ted this year. The teachers will hold the next annual meeting of their National Educational . .v.. 9 I ,v..Uuu .u w u lut ir 'will require an extra draft on the junket fund for the benefit of the educational luminary who shines as Omaha's public school superintndunt. It's only the size of the haul that brings the name of Pat Crowe Into sug gestlve proximity to that Lincoln train robbery. If It were any ordinary com- toon petty larceuy Job of hold-up no one would Insult the great kWlnuper by as- soclatlug him with it Tho Chicago detective who worked up the South Omaha school board boodle cases seems to be half ashamed that he fouud It such an easy job. It Is not much of a feather In a detective's cap to trap crooks who pursue their crooked .work Ithout effort to disguise It. One of the police captains appointed by tbe uew police board has been granted ten days annual leave of ab - sence, although he has been on the force less tbsu nx weeks. How do the offi cers who have served faithfully for fears like this klud of favoritism; The ticket scalpers have lieen sgaln squeezed Into the comer by the lujuuc- tlou Issued on behalf of the railroads to prevent them from selling return excur- tion tickets of the liraiul Army of the Republic reuulou at Washington. But wheu tbe railroads have some job of secret rate t utting they want uut through, they will be kround after the scaipers to Help mem out. A CRIME AOAlasT THE STAtK. The fl(rrnnt discrimination against tlie (crrt body of Nebraska taxpayers In the ssspssir.piit of mllroBtl property l a crime against the otnte. The enor mity of the crime can scarcely be exa (rpintwl. ' While the burden of taxation Imposed upon the (treat body of tax payers hns been growing heavier from year to year the taxes levied upon the railroads of Nebraska have been lowered from year to year. Ten years ago the railroads of Ne braska could not have been marketed for $150,000,000, but they were assessed for $0,330.(531, Of about one-flfth of their actual value. With 240 miles more rail roads and with an Increase of more than 100 per cent In their market value, the railroads of Nebraska were assessed this year for $20,508,502, or nearly $3,- 000,000 less than their; assessed value for the year 1802. ' , . , While railroad attorneys assert that th rauroa(s ftre paying their full share , . , ' , , 4. ut-eo uuu uie inuiuuu ta a njeuis have issued fifty -two bulletins "by au- thorlty of the railroads" in support, of tnat assertion, no representative or. ue rall oa1- ha. t hftd hardihood to - - " contend that the railroads were ex cessively overvalued by the state board of 1802, which, measured by the cor poration standard, was made up . of "safe" men. Computed at their true value either on . . .... ,, ., the basis of their caDltallzatlon or on the basis of their net earnings, the rail- roaas or iseDrattKa represent tuny $3.iu, rwi. . . w .i a I nHninn ..a... kl vi iiivuiiic-rm uiug iy wmvu equalized' at one-sixth should by right bo assessed for not less than $53,000,000, or more than double their present assess ment. Taking as the basis of their true valuation the net earnings of the various Hroads m Nebraska for the year. 1001 as exniDitea in me Dnuetins issuea Dy authority of the railroads and official reports of the various railroad com panles capitalized at 4 per cent the fol lowing result Is obtained: CapltallaatlOB om Net Earalags. Road. Miles. Total Value. Barllaa-ton ....... .2.4K1 f.123,470,609 t'alon Pacilflo ...I 4T.S 120,180,800 F., E. A M. V OSS 37,338,870 St. J. A O. 1 112.5 10,271,825 Mlaaoarl Paclflo .. 286 0,22,OTS St: P., M. A O.. 271 B,W4jOOO C, R. I. Sc. P. .... . 245.5 : B,65l,21 K. C. A O lt3.5 .. . 4,215,500 S. C, O'N. A W.. ISO 1,557,020 Paclfio R.R. la Neb. Tl 1,125,000 K. C. A N 20 8WI.980 C.'A H. W.... ...... 37 . ' 8041,475 Totals 8,701 . f3ia,417,lT The figures for five of the.mfnor rail roads fuoted, via: ' the Chicago, ' Rock Qu,.- r. DnMAt DallmaI In "V A J-ska. the Kansas City Yhern and the Pacific Railroad In Nebraska, which ; '.. iCJUl ICU UC Cttl UIUIjO Ova? UVLCU simply as equal to the par value of their bond Issues. Computed on the basis of the face raiue of the stock, and bonds Issued by the railroads operated In, Nebraska the fol lowing result Is obtained: ' csvpitaii.ed Boad. aad stoeka. Road . Miles Total vain, Bnriinto a,4i , ia,iao08 Paeio .... 04TJI ioi,o7,tao v.. W. at n.- v.. ..... . nil 1P7,04,115 - T,08O,O8T 8,553,135 llt28,012 0,T8U,T50 703,T42 St. J. A O. 1 11841 Mlaaoarl Pfeelflo ... 285 C, St. P., M. A O. . V71 O., R. I. A P..:... 245.5 K. C. A O 103.5 S. C., O'N. A W.... 180 Pad So R.R. la Neb. Tl- ; 8,48nfl20 3,180,000 1,458,000 K. C. A. It 20 C. A N. W. 27 lJUtS.483 Totals 5.704 320,00883 In the above computation the Burling ton stocks, which were converted into bonds at double their face value or ex- changed for cash at 200 cents on the dollar, are reckoned at double their face value. This monstrous wrong of tax evasion has become Intolerable. - The people of Nebraska who have been compelled to bear the burdens of taxation that have beeu shifted upon their shoulders by the rallroad corporations must rise to the emergency. The appeal made to the Btate board in their behalf having gone unheeded and the relief sought for at the hands of the supreme court havinc fPom men who nre to flU the tlve and -xecutive branches of govern" ment for the next two years. Tax reform has become a paramount Issue and equitable taxation has become an imperative necessity to save this state from bankruptcy. This Is not a party Issue. The people must look to the candidates as well as the pledges CandidateB for legislature and can dldates for state offices who are charged with the execution of the revenue laws are the men to whom the people must look for relief. WES TKRX MVS C Y iJf HE W tORK BASKS Nothing could be more unreasonable thau tbe complaints In financial circles ,n New York tLat western banks, hav- lu deposits there, continue to withdraw them. The western banks are simply depositors and have precisely the' samo rights as other depositors. But the New York bauks know tbe familiar fact that sutlj deinislts are regularly and lnevi- tably called home In the autumn, and cannot even pretend that tbe withdraw- la now are sudden aud unexpected, On the contrary, the western banks have this year withdrawn their eastern funds more slowly thau usual, because they have sought to do everything possible 1 to relieve their eastern depositaries from I their speculative embarrassments, The latter have themselves alone to thank for these embarrassments. It was formerly the boast of the New York bunks that they-, furnished the funds for the unntial marketing of crop aud for any emergency to which I the interior bauks might find themselves I iuvuiveU. Such assistance has been ra I quired, but It is also true that the east I eru bunks have extorted lmmeiise profits I ou this business. Their assUtauce has I not been a matter of sentiment, but of I selfish business, I Conditions Lave to a great extent changed In more recent years. Not only have western producers so prospered that there Is no longer such a rush to get to market, but the western banks are In stronger position. They have In the aggregate vast funds which during many months of the year are not needed at home and which are deposited In the east, In New York more than In any other financial center. These funds have been overloaned and tied up In over l)oomed merger and other speculative stocks In which many of the New York banks themselves are directly or Indi rectly concerned as promoters. It may be hard for them to answer the calls of western depositors, but they have no right to reproach the latter for the con sequences of their own reckless finan ciering. THE PACIFIC CABLE. Rapid progress Is being inade In the laying of the Taciflc cable and the Indi cations are that the promise of the com pany as to the time In which the work would be completed will be fully carried out. It was promised that the line to the Hawaiian islands would be laid by November aad It Is probable that the company will not be to exceed a month behind that time. Two years was named as the period within which the line would be completed to Manila and It is said that the company will. If there are no unforeseen accidents, do very much better than promised. It must be assumed, remarks the New York Journal of Commerce, that the work will meet with no further obstruc tions from congress or any of the execu tive departments. The urgent necessity that exists for direct communication be tween the United States and its posses sions In the Pacific will doubtless lead the government to use every effort to advance the work. The commercial In terests, also, that are concerned In the completion of the cable are constantly growing In Importance and will of course exert their influence against any obstruction, should It be attempted, since the consummation of this enter prise, will mean a very decided saving to merchants doing business with the Far East The Pacific Cable company is certainly prosecuting this Important work with remarkable energy and di rect communication with Manila a year hence Is altogether probable. TPB91AQ IX THE FIRE ALARM. The police commission has touched the fire alarm gong to emphasize the dis covery of a threatened overlap in the fire department fund. The appropriation for the maintenance of the fire depart ment for the year 1002 was $125,000 and the amount collected $110,620, or about 4 per cent less than the amount appro priated, which Is certainly a very cred itable showing for the tax gatherer, but the board anticipates a shortage of over $8,000 by the end of the year If the same fire fighting force with all the acces sories Is retained on the pay roll. All of this Information Is very Interest- lug, but not In the least surprising. The question Is, What fnnd can the council draw on to make good the deficit, and what right has it to draw on any other than. the fire fund to do It? The intlma tlon that Omaha Is spread over too much territory for the present force Is by no means a new discovery, but it would seem that for a city of Omaha's popula tion and limited means an outlay of $125,000 aear for the fire department and $100,000 for fire hydrants w.ould come very near exhausting the taxing powers, especially when It Is borne In mind that $15,000,000 worth of railroad property only contributes about $5,000 toward defraying the expenses of fire protection, Including both the fire de partment and water supply, while $15,- 000,000 worth of property belonging to other taxpayers is compelled to contrib ute $37,500 toward the expenses of fire protection. THE TWO PROPOSALS. At the conference of October 3 be tween President Koosevelt and- repre sentatives of the anthracite coal operat ors and miners, It was proposed by the representatives of the miners that tbe issues culminating in the strike be re ferred to a tribunal to be selected by the president of tbe United States, they agreeing to accept the award made upon all or any of the questions Involved. It was . further proposed that if the coal operators would signify their willingness to have the decision Incorporated in an agreement for not less than one year, nor more than five years, "as may be mutually determined between them selves . and the anthracite coal mine workers," and pay the scale of wages awarded, a convention of miners would be at once called with a view to the re sumption of Work. At Monday's conference the coal op erators . submitted a proposal for the appointment of a commission, they des ignating how it should be constituted, to which shall be referred "all questions at issue between the respective com panies stated to number about seventy five and their own employes, whether they belong to a union or not," the de cision of the commlsblou to be accepted by the operators. A condition of this proposal is that as soon as the commis sion shall be constituted the miners will return to work and cease all interfer ence with nonunion workers. It is also conditioned that the findings of the com mission shall govern the conditions of employment between the respective companies and their employes for a term of at least three years. The most Important difference between these proposals is 'that while that of the representatives vt the miners In volves a recognition of their organiza tion, that of the operators excludes from consideration the miners' union and al lows it no voice as au organization In th arrangement of terms and condl tions. It is uot to be dealt with at all under the proposal of the oiterators. Whether or uot th.s will be regarded by the union minora as vital remains to be seen, but It will not be surprising if they take that view of it. As to the recommeudatlon of the operators regard' lug tilt way the commission shall be constituted, It would at least have been courteous to President Roosevelt to have left the selection to his Judgment, as proposed by the miners, but this Is not particularly important since It Is safe to say the president would select men of the highest character. The condi tion that the findings of the commission shall continue In force three years Is likely to meet with more or less objec tion from the miners, although It is really a compromise of their own propo sition. The response of the miners to the pro posal of the operators will le awaited with great Interest and It will bo gen erally hoped that the result of their de liberations will be a decision to termi nate the struggle, which has cost them many millions In loss of earnings and no little hardship. While the proposal of the operators does not recognize the or ganization of miners, yet that organiza tion will continue and having public sentiment on Its side can go on strength ening itself, whereas to reject the pro posal might and very likely would pro duce a reaction In public opinion decid edly inimical to the cause of the mine workers. It Is a situation which Mr. Mitchell and his associates may find somewhat embarrassing, but they should meet it with a due sense of responsi bility and a proper regard for the inter ests and welfare of millions of their fellow citizens. The presidents of the New York banks, having International credit, find after comparing notes that they have been borrowing abroad from $135,000,000 to $150,000,000. This fact has made them more conservative since they found It out. As they have had to put up collat eral and as It is virtually a call loan. It is safe to predict that this process of liquidation in New York will go on for some months at least, and that the stock jobbers and merger boomers have to face a long dry spell. One of the Inside Mercer workers Is said to have divulged the fact that more than $1,000 was paid out In the Sixth ward alone to carry the republican pri maries for Mercer. Yet Mercer has filed a sworn affidavit that all the money spent by or for him in all three counties comprising the district to bring about his nomination aggregates exactly $335. But what's an oath to a man of Mercer's stripe? Ex-President Cleveland Is resurrect- ng himself long onntigh to declare pub licly that tariff revision is to be the paramount issue of the next campaign. It ought not to be necessary to wait for the next Issue of the Commoner to make sure that Colonel Bryan has some other paramount issue which will claim prece dence when the democratic platform makers get together. Governor Savage Is planning a junket to Mexico for himself and his staff after election, but before his term of office expires. Hlsaccidency Is not going to miss any opportunities to pose before the public in anticipation of being relegated to the ranks of private citi zenship. A trip to (Mexico after his re tirement from office would not be half so picturesque. King Edward Is said to have pro pounded many questions about the American army to Generals Corbin, Wood and Young. The Interest of Euro pean monarcbs In the American army and navy has been noticeably enhanced since our little brush with Spain and our expedition for the relief of Pekln. A Future Possibility. Cleveland Leader. Possibly the houses of the future will be heated by electricity, developed by the force of the wind. Then no combination" of capi talists can possibly control the source of supply. liOoklaa for Troable. Philadelphia Inquirer. It Is said that the sultan is writing a book in which he flays alive every Christian nation in the 7-orld. If this Is true it is time for a first-class funeral for tha man who has been sick so long. Birth of Cuban Democracy. Indianapolis Journal. Eight members of the Cuban house of representatives have united in the forma tlon of a new political party, one of whose chief tenets will be opposition to the gov ernment. They should call It the democratic party. Lamentations of Oar Chaaaeey, Philadelphia North American. Senator Chauncey Depew gravely points out that there is no law enabling tbe presl dent to hold conferences with industrial bel llgerenta, and declares that his effort to settle the coal strike is the greatest "exer cise of imperialism" ever seen in this coun try. The chief disadvantage ot having s reputation as a Jestor Is that it sometimes constrains one to talk like a fool when he doesn't really mean to be tunny. Back to Ft rat Principles. Brooklyn Eagle. Now here la a curious and noteworthy outcome of the advance In prices of meat It is that in at least one town the gen eral health has improved. Boston's sani tary officers and statisticians attribute the general good health In thai city to the de cline of meat as an article of food. Tho prices demanded by tbe trust for wrat tbe laborer and mechanic till recently repsrded as vital- to their existence have lniucl a much smaller consumption of mat lhan during the time preceding the advance and a compensating increase In the dsriand for vegetables. Boston, therefore, hu turned from Its beef and gpne back to its b-an. Creutor and Creature. Indianapolis News. There is s feeling among many good souls that the creature is greater than tbe creator; that the state, having once created corporations, for example, like these coal roads and coal mining companies, is power, less to do anything If they or any other element or function of society "lays down and paralyzes normal conditions and threatens normal life. Such folk think and honestly enough that all that society can do la to fold It hands, the creator suf ferlng meekly until it shall please the creature to permit It to resume lis life, That attitude of mind strikes us as utterly absurd. "New occasions teach new du ties;" new conditions demand new treat ment. Society may be slow to establUb a new precedent, to start on a novel course, But we have not the slightest doubt that sooner or later it will and a practical and easy way to make Its creatures "bo good. Are Trusts Too Powerful? Baltimore American. The progress of the congreiuilonal cam- other words, they have been robbed of palgu all over the country has disclosed their heritage. The great wealth which one thing with especial emphasis and should have beeen distributed all over the that Is the popular determination to bring land In abundance has been dropped to the about an Immediate reckoning with the mannes In driblets, while the trust mag trusts. The campaign is unfolding many nates have fairly weltered In wealth, facts which have stimulated the public Nothing Is an advantage which is one lilto practical thinking. The past, pres- sided In Its benefits. Our industrial pros ent and future are all being considered, perlty Is a total failure if It means th The march of industrialism and the fac- erection of colossal fortunes for the few tors behind It are being studied. During at the expense and to the detriment of the all this research there is a coincident bal- many. The republican party never advo anclng of certain alleged benefits against cated, and never will advocate, such a the marshaled array of known evils. This policy. It Is as much opposed to Indus country is prosperous. The question Is: trial slavery as It Is to the actual owner Are the trusts promoting that prosperity ship of man by man. Its fundamental Idea or are they hindering It T They are doing neltber one exclusively, or, to put it differently, they are doing both simulta neously. They are promoting prosperity, but the prosperity is of a kind Intended for a few only. They are at the same time, hindering prosperity, but the hindrances are hanging around the necks of the general masses. Trusts are actlna- In tha a.m. w.v th. a hi funnel wntiM Ha wa if r,i..,i the clouds to catch the rain. The rain, so we are told, Is Intended for rich and poor alike. A tunnel, however, would catch the supply as it fell, and, concentrating it Into one little narrow neck or outlet. would cause It all to pour Into one spot. In the same way prosperity is intended for all, but the trusts gather It up like a wide-expanding funnel and empty It nearly all Into the laps ot the rich. Is this way the beneficences of Providence are diverted from their intended purpose. One cItss Is permitted to flourish with excep ual vigor and exuberance while another languishes and grows weak because of neg lect. The people realize that the republican party has stimulated an Industrial pros- peruy wnicD. u normally conducted, snouid reach all classes of men. The people realize at the same time that the Iron hand of the trusts has been interposed between them and this prosperity. In BITS OF WASHINGTON LIFE. Minor Scenes and Incidents Sketched on the Spot. Forty-one and a half years ago a repub lican enthusiast Journeyed from Wisconsin to Washington to witness the inauguration of President Lincoln. He was then close to the meridian of life, enjoying a flourish ing law practice and didn't entertain a thought of federal office. But Senator Timothy O. Howe tempted him with a place on the federal pay roll, which he accepted. The enthusiast of 1861 is now Judge C. M. Tompkins, nestor among clerks in the pension bureau, 80 years af age, has never resigned and is still on the active list. From a little bureau he has seen the pen sion office grow to be one of the largest and most influential branches ot the gov ernment. Every spring and fall large numbers of birds are killed by the Washington monu ment. The city of Washington seems to be directly In the route taken by many of the migratory birds In the flight between the" north and the south and twice a year thou sands ot feathered songsters meet their death by flying against the tall marble shaft In the night. JuBt now the tall slaughter Is at Its height and every morning many birds are to be seen about the base of tho monument. The dogs and cats of that part of the city have learned that the base of the monument Is a good place to get an early meal In the morning without trouble and many of them are regularly on band. Most of the birds killed are yellow and black throated warblers and small thrushes. President Roosevelt is richer in souvenirs than he was before the Grand Army of the Republlo came to Washington. Veterans from all over the country have called at the White House and left presents for him. One of the most Interesting was a cane, left by Rev. Dr. Thomas C. Hagerty of St. Louis, who was a chaplain in Sherman's . , t-l-A X army. The cane was maae emeu? ui cut from s tree on the battle ground oi Wilson creek. The ferrulo was made of the iron of cars dumped into a creek by General Marmaduke. In the head Is a star, the quadrants of the center being made from pieces of wood from the rrame or me iiDeny bell. President Grant's log cabin, Sherman's home, the house In which General Lee sur rendered and the Sprlngneld nome oi un coln. The points of tho star are wood from thA battlefield of Lookout mountain, ino Morro castle at Havana, the cruiser Chris tlana Reglna sunk at Manila bay, Devil's den on the battlefield of Gettysburg and the peach orchard at the same battlefield. Dr. Hagerty made the cane himself. John O'Rourke. a Pennsylvania Grand Army of the Republic veteran, before start ing home last Friday, searched tho cluster ing vines in the Capitol park for his miss ing wallet, containing $35. When he left home the Sunday previous he had 50. He was warned by friends to iook out i thieves and upon his arrival he visited tho capltol and concealed his wallet, after tak ing out $15, under a cluster of vines. He visited the park to get his money, but failed to find the place whero he had concealed it. Fortunately his return railroad ucaet, was not In his wallet. Th rrounds around the Department of Agriculture contain sections which, owing to exotlo plant being cultivated thereon, not only remind one of the shores of the Mediterranean and of the deserts ot An ions, but of many other sections of the earth as well, so that come from what quarter ot the globe he may the stranger in Washington is almost certain to nna soms thlng in this quarter ot the city to remind him of bis far distant home. Entering the rrounds from the - broad thoroughfare oi Twelfth street, says tbe wasningion ro, one does not proceed far before coming face to face 'with an area, covering about one acre, that is as near like Japan as even a native of that country could desire. Here is situated a miniature lane, around the borders of which are growing a number of tall ginko trees, a growth strictly Indigenous to Japan, while the lake Itself Is overgrown on every hand with lotus ana water nut plants, the former sacred In the eyes of the Japanese Buddhists as the em blem of their divinity and tbe latter one of the principal food plants of that Island. This spot never falla to attract Japanese students, residents or visitors whenever they enter the grounds of the department, as it Is perhaps one of the strongest re minders in Washington of their home on the other side of tbe globe. Two grizzled veterans sat in front of the bar in one of Washington's saloons, dis cussing the mighty past. Both were filled with the spirit of the encampment. "Yes. sir, I was a member of tbe Iron Brigade of Wisconsin Bragg's Iron Bri gade." "And I, ash," replied No. 2. "I was with Stonewall Jackson." "Well, sir." said No. 1, "we did lick the life out of you. Say, now, didn't we?" There was a solemn pause. Finally the other replied, with deliberation: "Yes, you did lick us. But, by Jcve, sab, you didn't have any time for naps or free lunches while you was a doing It." And upon this platform they agreed In baring aaother glass of beer. I the protection of the country's general welfare, not the protection of the privi leged tew. For that reason Its candidates all over the country should declare them selves In unequivocal terms as opposed to this artificial, Illegal and unjust condition which Is Inflicting troublesome burdens on the backs of the masses. The time has come to war against tha trusts. They are growing too menacingly powerful. If not shorn of their locks of i trenK,h " drag down the tem- P'0"' "ty. Already they have displayed thf,r 5l"reKr'1 r PUc opinion. That was dun to the confidence they have in their combined wealth. They are super cilious In their treatment of the public be cause they think they can bribe the pub lic's governmental agents. This arrogance Is likely to grow worse. Instead of dimin ishing. When it is remembered that the capital ization of the variou ; rusts In this coun- try aggregate the Immense total of $8,972, 448,851, It can be wejl understood Why they are now so powerful. The danger of the trust Ilea in the concentration of their con trol. The units are all following the Influ enza of centripetal force. The circle of coiftrol Is growing smaller and smaller. Al- ready one man dominates nearly a half of this capltallsatloa. That Is why they should be halted In their march. President Roose- velt's fight against them should be backed up by the people. PERSONAL NOTES. Governor Odell appears to have consider able ginger in his make-up. If tbe Irish members carry out their threat and leave Parliament it will be a dull place. Constantino B. Papaconstantlnoupolous has asked to be naturalized In New York City. And ho pushes a hand cart! Westward the star of loot takes Its way. The territorial treasurer of Hawaii Is shy $17,949 and doesn't know where tt went. Of the Ave living ex-speakers of the house of representatives Thomas B. Reed Is the most prosperous, his income from his law practice amounting to about $50,000 a year. Uuu War, a well-to-do Chinaman of Honolulu has been nominated for the Hawaiian legislature by the homo rule party and Is making a vigorous canvass ot his district. Prince Chowfa Mal.s. Vajlravudh, the crown prince of Slam, is attended by his brother, Prince Chakrabongse. These names must be practiced carefully by those who may contemplate meeting our princely visitors. A. H. Jackson, republican candidate for congress In the Thirteenth Ohio district, was a plowboy in his youth, then became a street auctioneer and a circus manager and proprietor and finally settled : down as a manufacturer. Hon. John L. Bates, republican candi date for governor of Massachusetts, lives in a mansion of the revolutionary period, situated on Monmouth square, his family consisting of bis wife and two chil dren, a son and daughter. In the course of his Boston speech the other evening Secretary Shaw tickled his more or less cultured hearers with this clever epigram: "The difference betwoen a politician and a statesman la the differ ence between a young man who Is looking for a situation and one who is looking for work." New Orleans Is to have a home for or phan boys built out ot funds bequeathed by the late George Xavter Caritali-a. Mr. Carstalrs was himself orphaned while vory young and had a hard struggle with tho world. He accumulated a large fortune, however, all ot which he left for the purpose indicated. Chawfa Maba Vajlravudh, crown prince of Slam, eldest son of his father, who has 132 ot them, has arrived In the United States. As he has to pick up some hun dreds of wives within the next few years it Is possible that he Is planning to corner the matrimonial market. Girls, look out for Chawfa Maha Vajlravudh. One of the saddest features of tho coal famine Is that reported from Waterloo, N. Y. It is to the effect that several men worked all night, stealing the contents of what they thought was a car loaded with coal. Next morning the calm, gray light of dawn disclosed the fact that they had exercised their Ingenuity on a lot of crushed building stone. Daniel Drew, once the wealthiest oper ator in Wall street. Is said to have origi nated tho expression "watered stock." In his younger days he was a drover and It used to be said that before taking his cat tle to market he dosed them liberally with salt and then gave them all the water they wanted, thus materially increasing their weight. Hence tbs expression which describes the expansion of s speculative stork beyond its actual value. tfust That's no Your father 1. flJ,,IS-' W 1 m.v.. . sa druff was the beginning of baldness, so 1 you remember his Cure your dandruff Ayer's Hair Vigor cures dandruff, stops falling hair, and . Keeps the scalp clean and healthy. Always restores color to gray hair. "I wis bothered restl? with dsndrufT snd fslliog of the hair. One bottle of Ayer's Hair Vigor stopped the fallins hair aad completely cured tbe dandruff." Miss Luclle Hardy, 1 Dorado Springs, Mo. DIVIDED AOAIS9T ITSEt-F. Dark Prospect for Demoeraey Every Direction. ' St Louis Globe-Democrat' la According to exSenator Allen of Ne- braska, "the outlook for the national demo cratic party was never more hopeless than It Is st the present time." That astute politician, la frightened and angered ever the great number of democratic states which are rejecting or evading the Kansas City platform and candidate. ' After looking over tbe field with some care he believes that tho general rejection ot the latest national deliverance of tho democratic party by democratic conventions In the past two or three months "precludes the possi bility of defeating the republican party la 1904." The author of this Judgment Is pretty well remembered by a large element of the voters. He was among the most strident of the whoopers for Bryan in 1896 and 1900, and he is a Bryanite still. He la a populist, or was In those campaigns, though we be lieve he has called himself a democrat re cently. At any rate, he has a right to denounce the faithless democrats who. In many of the states, are abandoning their gospel of the two recent canvasses" and re pudlatlng their leader ot those days. Allen shrewdly sees that this split In the democ racy means the defeat of that party In 1904. It la clear from his expressions that he will not support a man In that year who rejects tbe democratic creed of 1900 and 1896. Of the democratic state conventions which have been held this year a- little mors than half have either rejected Bryan and the Kansas City platform utterly or have Ignored or evaded them. The division Is so near the middle, however, that, It Is particularly ominous. The Bryanltea re tain very nearly half of tbe states, notwith standing the frantic efforts of the reorgan izes in the past twelve months to efface the democratic leader of 1S96 and 1900. Probably Bryan will not be the candidate of 1904. The chances, In fact, are that be will not try to get the nomination. But he will bo a powerful factor in his party In the convention of that year and- in the campaign. The present prospect Is that no man who supported Bryan with any sort of enthusiasm in either 1896 or 1900 can get tho nomination In 1904. On the other hand. If anybody should be nominated In 1904 who opposed Bryan in either year, or who, like Hill and Gorman, accepted him in tbs sec ond of those years and secretly rejoiced when he was defeated, Bryan and a good many powerful members ot his branch of the democracy will take the stump against the ticket. From whatever point the situa tion for 1904 Is viewed, tho outlook for tha democracy Is dark. WHITTLED TO A FOIST. Detroit Free Press: Jerry Family and blood will tell. Jack Oh, I don't know; the smartest dog we have hasn't any pedigree at all, Cleveland Plain Dealer: "Yes. Wllklns haa etruck piy dirt." "Eh! Mining?" "No, ho wrote a problem play." Philadelphia Press: Ascum So yon had to have your foot amputated, Mike. Mike Yls, sor. Me leg waa that bad wld blood polaonln' the dochtors decolded that to save the whole limb they'd hov to cut off part av It. Somervllle Journal: Suffering Patient I think, doctor, I have got the appendi citis. Eminent Physician Nonsense, rnsji! You can't afford to have the appendicitis. Chicago Tribune: "If the fire has gone out why don't you go to bed? What Is the use of sitting there and statins; at ' the wall?" "I art trying the mind cure on this hilly feeling." : -: Washington Star: "Politics," said the cold observer, "throws many temptations in a man's way." "That's right." answered. Senator Sor ghum; "time and again I've been obliged to summon up all my resolution to keep from getting sentimental and missing a chance to make money." Detroit Free Press: Bobby Pa, what Is a miser? Pa A miser, son, Is a man who eounta his lumps of anthracite every night before ho goes to bed. Sporting Times: He was wandering in Ireland and came upon a couple of men "In holts" rolling on tho road. The man on top was pommeling ' the other within an inch of his life. Tho traveler Intervened. "It's an Infernal shame to strike a man when he's down," said he. "If you knew all the trouble I had to get him down," was the . reply, "you wouldn't be talking like that." Philadelphia Press: "It's too bad," re marked the customer, "that you had that sign, 'Eggs. Fresh Laid,' printed on such a small card." "Why," replied tho dealer, "Isn't It big enough?" "Well, I was going to suggest that you Insert the words 'when they were' be tween 'fresh' and 'laid,' but I see there isn't room." THE CANDIDATE. Somervllle Journal. And now the busy candidate Goes nightly up and down The commonwealth, and by his talk Increases his renown. With eager seal most sturdily He jumps upon the trusts, And begs all to vote for him Before the country busts. Ho talks about the tariff, too. As if he knew It all. And everywhere his eloquence lie-echoes through the hall. He pounds the rostrum with his fist. And promises with vim Prosperity shall bo our lot. If we'll but vote for him. He la the only one, he says. Who knows Just what to do -To keep ua all from going to wreck. And pull the country through. Well, maybe so. He's young snd smart. But bo's the other chap: And both of 'em, 'twlxt you and mo. Are looking for a snap. because your FATHER. uras BALD sign you need be bald. didn't know that dan shiny scalp. and prevent baldness. '.O.AyarOe., Lowaii. Mass,