-what I have to you, and asking why w
enul1 not nave rerelpt. foiling by axking
If fncle Bam Intended to lake car of the
fowbnyi or war widows. 1 Inrloee hla let
trr In answer, which 1 ronllT Insolent.
After that I wrote the. Mtrr to land office
t Missouri, asking for Informallon on min
Ject an I aiippne ho tent It to Washing
ton, D. C, aa he never answered. A few
lay a (to there cama In one of Fred Hnyt'a
envelojea a land office receipt for f 14 entry
fees on north half of southeast q'inrter
ectlon tt, norrheaat quarter southwest
qunrter section 2a T P, K. 4 K. No state
ment or county mentioned. That man be
all right. I don t know. Have no confi
dence left. At the top of aaid receipt, In
pencil, la written "Blair Bport." My
daughter said, "Mamma, what doea that
mean7" The wife of one soldier and the
later of four ought to he free from Ins'ilt
While transacting business with government
employea. A. widow of 80 la not apt to be a
"apon." I Bo not know whether any of the
l!lalr women have ever rot their recelpta.
All I or they want In to know that there
will be no trouble when we come to prove
up on the land and have something 10 ahow
cur right to It. KAepectfully.
MK9. CAKK1E L, CARRIGAN.
WILSON WILL CPEN BUILDING
live Stock ' lliow Attrnrte Great
Crowli l Vtiltora la
CHICAGO, Not. 30. If the number of
people who visited the International Live
Stock exposition today may be taken at m
criterion, tbe' attendance thla year will ex
ceed that of laat by fully 100,000. Twenty
thousand Chlcagoans pasted the gates dur
ing tbe day and evening.
Among these were students from tho
various agricultural colleges, which will
participate In tbe competitive events, com
mencing on Tuesday. They visited every
department, taking elaborate notes In order
to be prepared for their work.
The dedication of the new pure bred live
tock record building will take place to
morrow evening. Instead ot on Wednesday,
as at first proposed.
The secretary of agriculture will deliver
the dedicatory address. Speeches will also
be made by sevoral prominent live stock
men attending the exposition, and much Im
portant buslnoss will be transacted.
The building Wat erected at a cost of
1100,000 by the Union Stockyards company
a a p-.-rmanent home for the recognised
live stock associations of America.
Tbe judging wilt begin tomorrow.
PAPERS TO PHOTOGRAPH FAIR
Concessionaire at St. Louis Will Hare
to Allow ltewapaper Artlats
ST. LOUIS, No. 80. Photography will
become a feature ot the amusement quarter
of tbe world's fair, aa tbe result of exclu
sive privileges for photogrsphing the expo
sition and Its varied life which are to be
The coocesslonare who obtalna the mo
nopoly must agree to maintain and operate
on the "Midway" a complete, modern plant,
ye must agree to buy and use the best mod
ern lenses and employ only experts.
A tingle stipulation in this exclusive
photographic concession nullifies Its force
with respect to .the rights ot newspapers
and periodicals to take views for reproduc
tion In their respective publications. Sale
of photographs secured under this special
privilege Is strictly forbidden.
The specification regarding photographio
reproductions in the public prlntt was In
serted because ot the complaint made at
former expositions of arbitrary distinctions
Imposed by the sole concessionaire, and his
usual inability to furnlah apeclal views re
Quired by many different kinds ot publica
tion!. TURN SETTLERS., TO. SOUTH
Ifarrlaaaa Lines Iatend to Fill I'p
Texas aad Loalstana with
Immigrants. .' r
CHICAGO. Nov. SO. More than $100,000
will be tpent by the Southern Pacific In
the -next five month In colonising south
western Louisiana and southern Texas.
The decision to Increase the efforts and
expenditure which are being made to fill
up tbe Islands was reached at a general
meeting ot representative! of the Harrtman
lines held here laat week and closing to
Attending the conference were: J. C.
Stubbi, traffic director of the Harrtman
lines; Ben Campbell, assistant traffic di
rector; S. F. B. Morse, passenger trafflo
manager of the Galveston, Harrisburg ft
Saa Antonio, Galveston & Northern, and
assistant trafflo manager ot the Southern
Partita. . J
The( work In Texas and Louisiana Is in
charge ot Colonel Morse, who declared that
In the next ten years the development ot
these sections would be greater than that
cf any other section ot equal area In the
."You will appreciate that this mr.y not
' be an exaggeration," said be, "when I tell
you land la being told there today at the
rate ot 100,000 acres per month.
TALKS OF RHODES' SCHOLARS
Dr. Parkin Bays it Will Take Twelve
Months to Settle tho
' ' Details. .
NEW YORK, Nov. 30. Dr. George R.
Parkin, who la charged with the distribu
tion ot the Cecil Rhodes' scholarships In the
colonics and United States, returned today
from England on the Cunard steamer Cam
pania. . Bo aaid: : t
I have been at Oxford for aeveral weeks
trying to ascertain tho wishes of the Oxford
authorities aa to the manner of distribu
tion. There ar twenty-one colleges at Ox
ford and each wants such scholarships as
are awarded it to come under Its own pe
culiar rules of entrance. Some prefer to
have postgraduate and others under-grad-vato
For tho next year I shall be kept busy
vlaltmg and consulting with the leading
educators ot the otalea and colonies as to
the beat method of selecting candidates.
The first beneficiaries will go to Oxford In
ths fall of lui. cuiiHuently the final
awards will be made early In that year.
BOATS STRIKE LAKE REEF
Wrae aad Its T Will Both Prob
afcly Prove to Bo Total
PIT-IN-BAY. O., Nov. 30. The steam
barge D. F. Rota of Marine City, Mich., and
lha barge Mother of Port Huron, struck
Btarvey Island roof In Saturday night's gale
aad It It toared that both vessels will be
The barges Waweaash and Lyman Catey,
which were with Moaner being towed by
Rose, were able to leave tor Port Huron
today, though leaking badly. An attempt
will bo made tomorrow to release Rose and
Cleans at Well as polishes
The matt economical in ue.
Contain no injurious' substance.
DOC THIEF SECURES PARDON
0d of th Qnoer Ttias Which Falls to ths
Lot of the IWdont.
NEwiAftDs Finally wins long tight
Work of Dletrlhatlna; Thlrty-XIne
Million Packages of Seeds la Betas
fcy tho Asrrlealtaral '
(From a 8taff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, Nov. 30. (8peclal.)
President Roosevelt has pardoned a man
Imprisoned In Alaska upon ceavictloa ot
Healing a puppy, valued at $15. The pres.
Ident has all aorta of cases of convicts to
consider. Thousands ot applications for
pardon are Bled with the president every
year, but It la seldom that he hat a $15
puppy dog case to consider.
Some years ago a wcetern man of great
prominence was convicted of a technical
violation of the postal laws. He naturally
deelred a pardon, and he employed ex-Attorney
General Carland, as bis attorney.
Mr. Carland was a confederate veteran.
He represented the state of Arkansaa In
the senate, when he. was selected tor the
hesd of the Department of Justice, by
President Cleveland. Like all eouthernert
he was somewhat slow In his movements
and some of the friends of the western
man came on to Washington to "hurry
him up." These western friends of the
"man behind tbe bar" were somewhat per
tlstent in their attempts to force Mr. Car
land to "hurry up." Finally the former
attorney general said to one ot theae
friends, who Is not a Iswyer.
"Your associates' don't seem to realize
that I have had something more In the.
way or experience In pardon cases than
they possibly could. In the first place
I have defended men convicted of capital
crimes. Some times I. have succeeded lu
tecurlng a verdict of acquittal for a man
charged with murder. Later I was dletrlct
attorney la Arkansas and helped to convict
men accused of like crimes. Later I Joined
In recommending the condemned for par
dons. I have served as a Judge on the
bench, and In that capacity have sentenced
more than one man to death upon convic
tion under the charge of murder, and I
have Jdlned In an appeal to the governor
of Arkanasa to pardon the condemned man.
I have even served aa governor, and In
that capacity- have granted pardons my
self. Finally I have been pardoned for
my part in a capital prime and I believe
that I am better qualified to talk on t
subject of psrdon than most men."
- "Great Scott, senator," exclaimed hit
caller, "were you ever oonvlcted of mur
der." "No," replied Senator Carland, "but I
was convicted of treason and I waa the
first man In the aouth pardoned by Presi
dent Johnson." ,
Rowlands in Sight of Goal.
A number of western nolltlclana. who
have arrived In Washington, for the coming
session ot congress, are discussing with
much Interest the political situation In
Nevada as far aa it affects Senator William
M. Stewart, and Repreaentatlve Francis O.
Newlands, who will In all probability suc
ceed Senator John P. Jones, In the senste.
The senate has long been the goal of New
lands' ambitions, and every step that he
has made In that direction haa been de
feated by Senator Stewart, who succeeded
to thwarting the aspiring ambitions of his
younger opponent until the passage ot the
Irrigation bill. when tho long and hitter
fight between Stewart anfl Newlands . for
the supremacy la the state ended In favor
of Newlands, and as a result of his political
sagacity and his clever manipulation. New.
lands now Is In sight of the longed for
seat. The passage of the Irrigation bill
was substantially tbe cause of Representa
tive Newlands' victory, for Irrigation Is
the sole hope of Nevada! and the circum
stances that Mr. Newlands had finally suc
ceeded In laying a solid, tangible founda
tion for this hope la the firm belief ct
the people of bit state, almost Irrespec
tive of his party, and it waa a fores that
Senator Stewart could not cope with, al
though he had endeavored In every war tn
detract from Newlands the credit of having
made an irrigation law possible.
In thla direction a rather amusing story
Is being told around Waahln tnn RtinWlw
after the Irrigation bill was patsed an ar
ticle was printed In a number of newspa
pers, containing Interviews with Secretary
Hitchcock and Secretary Wilson, In which
they gave Mr. Newlandt the lion's share
of pralte for' the successful fight he bad
made for Irrigation and the ultimata naa-
sage of ths bill. When Senator 8tewart
came across this article he waa ths moat
furiously enraged man possible; and Im
mediately called on Wilson anil Hlirlinn.w
and Indulged In violent denunciation of
Mewianas, accusing the cabinet omree
having furnished campaign material for the
Aa a result of ths laat election tha Mev.ri.
legislature haa a total membership of fifty
four, and of thete the fusionists have forty
six on joint ballot. Of the hold-nvr an.
tors the fualonlsts control nine and the re
publicans two. Senator Stewart's efforta
were directed to the election of these hold
over senators, to the end that he might se
cure re-election to the United States senate
two years hence, and aa the two republican
members ot the Nevada state senate ht
deolared that they will not vote for Senator
Stewart, It la almost safe to say that he la
practically out of the contest for the aenate
In 1905. Senator Fred Dubois of iriahn i
discussing the situation tha other night,
aaid Newlands' name has been so long and
so intimately associated with tbe efforta to
aecure legislation for the Irritation of arid
landa that the republicans could not sweep
blm out of the way, and the consequence Is
he will be promoted to tho United Statea
Distribution of Seeds.
The work ot distributing 39.000,000 pack
agea ot seeds by the government has begun.
B. F. Brown, the Inventor of various ma
chines used in the preparation ot the aeed
packagea, haa the contract thla year for
preparing tha aeed for distribution. The
country haa been divided Into six divisions,
and by December 30 seeds will have been
sent to Alabama, Arltona, California, Flor
ida. Oeorgia, Hawaii. Louisiana. Mississippi,
New Mexico, South Carolina and Texas. By
December 31 Arkansas, North Carolina, Ok
lahoma, Oregon, Tenneaaee and Washington
will be reached. Tho other states are
reached In January, February and March.
Idaho, Maine, Montana, New Hampshire,
North Dakota, Vermont aad Wyoming come
last and seeds to this, the sixth, division,
will be sent by March 31.
At tho building 321 Thirteen and a Half
street, need for the distribution of govern
ment seeds, workmen are busy remodeling
the plant. Another act of bins to hold ths
teeds la being added and there will bo an
other row ot machines to count aad aack
ths seeds. Tbe process Is so accurate and
so complete that the acales ahow every
package of lettuce aeed to weiga one-one
hundred and tweaty-etghth ot a poujd. But
what la mora remarkable, package after
package of flower seeds, after going through
bins, chutss and machines, weigh exactly
the same, the weight In tho lnstaaca of ens
flower being one-one thousandth ot a pound
aad In another one-twelfth hundredth ot a
pound. Starting at the top ot the building
tho aeeda descend to ths mall carta, sorted,
sacked, tagged and counted for tho post-
office authorities, almost all b pwefclnery.
TILE OMAHA DAILY TXKTa MONDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1002.
On the upper floor there Is a row ot amall
bins with chutes to the machines Just be
low. Boys fill these bins with seeds from
the sacks as It comes to the department
from the various sources. Automatically It
la fed to the machines, each operated by
one girl. These machines measure the quan
tity, put the seed In the amall sack t and
scsl the sacks. A chute carries these sealed
sackt to the large bins on the next floor
below, bins large enough to hold 200,000 of
these packages. Belts run around the out
side of these bins, alxteen In number, and
a larger tack Is used here. The belt car
ries the tack along the bin and the girls
stationed along place In the tacka the vari
oua teeds. No mlatake can be made. An
operator cannot pick up any other variety
and the cannot well mitt the sack, at It
slowly pastel on the wide belt. Colonel
James Morrison, Inspector-ln-chlef, also
looks after that.
Statehood Bills Flrat.
With the arrival of aenators and repre
sentatives, there Is Increasing interest tn
the omnibus statehood bill, the first great
measure to come before tbe senate. The
house bill providing for the admission of
Oklahoma, Now Mexico and Arltona is
pending In the senate as a specisl order tor
December 10. rislnly put the bill provides
statehood for three territories, but In the
case of Oklahoma It is provided that tn
adopting Its construction Oklahoma shall
remit to congress tbe right to add to lta
territory any part or alt of Indian Territory
If It should hereafter be the wish of con
gress to to dispose of Indian Territory,
rather than admit It as a separate ttate.
Up to thit moment, senste opinion with
regard to statehood for those territories
Is badly mixed.. The democratic senator!
are all In favor of statehood for the threo
territories, the qualifications being ' that
some are In favor of the admission of Okla
homa at a separate atate, leaving Indian
Territory to come In later aa another ttate,
while other democrata favor bringing In
Oklahoma and Indian Territory at one
state. The republican senators are still
more mixed. Some, like Quay and Elkint,
favor the admission of the three territories
Just as the house bill provides. Some favor
the house bill amended so as to exclude
New Mexico and Arizona. Some favor Okla
homa as a separate atate, leaving Indian
Territory to the future, while still others
favor Oklahoma and Indian Territory aa a
single state. Of course there are senators
who are opposed to the admission of any
of the territories. Plainly the greatest
obstacle to any aort of statehood bill Is
the variety of views which exist among
the senators. For this very reason It Is
safe to say that statehood for the latest
applicants for admission may possibly tall.
Even tbe differences between the senators
who are favorable to statehood for the
three territories msy prove potent enough
to defeat the whole measure, to say noth
ing of the views of those who favor state
hood for Oklahoma alone or of those who
oppose any sort of statehood.
Gamble Seea the Game.
Senator Gamble of South Dakota thla
morning concluded a tittle recreation would
do him no harm before beginning his labors
In the senate and accepted an Invitation
to go to Philadelphia to witness the toot
ball game between West Point and the
Naval academy. Senator Gamble went over
to Philadelphia on a special train bearing
a number of government officials and prom
inent officials of the army and navy.
Representatives Burkett of Lincoln,
Burke of Pierre, and Martin ot Deadwood
arrived today and will make the Dewey
their home during the coming session. Im
mediately after dinner, the trio linked
arma and proceeded to the Cochran to ten
der their congratulations to 'Uncle Joe"
EDISON'S ' GREAT INVENTION
uajh and Effective Dlaenae aad
NEW YORK, Nov. 30. The announcement
a few weeks ago that Thomas A. Edison, Jr.,
had discovered a new curative force which
he embodied in his latest Invention, the
Magno-Electrlc Vltallzer, startled the whole
world. Hundreds of people have written
from all quarters of the globe for a detailed
description of the Invention. No single In
vention of the past two hundred years has
done so much for suffering humanity aa the
Edison, Jr., Magno-Electrle Vltallzer. No
other invention haa received such absolute
proof ot Its extrsordlnary properties In cur
ing consumption, rheumatism, restoring
ehattered constitutions, and In giving back
new life and energy to the prematurely
The one absorbing question of the hour Is:
What Is the Magno-Electrlo Vltallzer?
What does It absolutely accomplish? Hun
dreds ot instancea can be cited in which the
wearing ot the Magno-Electrlo Vltallzer
has resulted In Incalculable benefit to the
wearer In even the short period ' of one
Medical men In New York and In att of
the large Eastern pities have examined tbe
new discovery and pronounced it one of the
greatest boons ot the' age the ounce of
cure for which the patient world has been
waiting In the universal hospital. -
Edison, jr.. Is not alone in believing that
It It be possible to perfect the human race
It la In electricity that the means mutt be
Bought and found. He haa uted the tame
talents In reducing this epoch-making in
vention to a practical working basla aa were
used In harnessing and driving the lightning
and collateral forcea that play auch an Im
portant role on the atage of modern prog
ress and activity.
Tho Magno-Electrlo Vltallzer Is being
placed on tbe market by Mr. Edison's own
company, the Thomas A. Edison,' jr., Chem
ical Co., 4 Stone at., New York.
Mr. Edison was seen In his laboratory
yesterday. Ha said: "I am personally su
perintending tbe distribution ot the Vltal
lzer, aa well as attending to the correspon
dence relating to It, because I wish every
body to have an equal opportunity to aeoure
lta curative aid. I want to help all alck
people to be well and atrong, but I mean to
aee that the aame attention is given to the
caae ot the farm-hand, afflicted with rheu
matism, who writes me from Nebraska, that
la paid to the rich man residing In on, of
ths palaces on the Hudson, who is suffering
from nervous prostration, I am playing no
favorites; anyone with a two-cent postage
atamp can write to the Thomaa A. Edison,
jr.. Chemical Company and obtain my book
let, which will tell him clearly what the
Vltallzer is and what It will do tor him."
SALT TRUST WARS IN DEATH
Flarhta Appointment of Receivers
Oastlnsr Those Appointed at
NEW YORK, Nov. 30. An action to aet
aalde ihe recent appointment of receivers
for the National Salt company and to have
the bankruptcy proceedings cancelled will
be brought in (he United Statea circuit
court at Newark, N. J., tomorrow. ..
The contention will be made that Juris
diction was not vested In Judge Klrk
patrlck when he appointed the receivers,
as the chancery court had previous to his
decision appolntsd receivers en application
of the directora, who represented that the
company waa Insolvent.
The chancery court receivers are at pres
ent tn charge of ths company's affairs.
TO CI Hat A IULD IS UMB DAT
Tako Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All
drugglata refund the meoey If it tails to
euro. B. W. Crave s signature la oa each
bog. ' 31 ft.
ROOT WRITES OF WARRIORS
Keports Remit of Work Dona by War
URGES REFORMS AT HOME AND OVER SEA
Wants General Staff and National
Mllltla Established and Her
meads Reduced Tariff for
WASHINGTON, Nov. 80. Ellhu Root,
secretary of war. In hla annual report
mentiona the reduction ot the armed forcea
to 66,711 and an order which will result
In further reducing the number by Feb
ruary next to 59.866. Of these 13,480 will
be In tbe Philippines.
The organizations stationed at Fort
Leavenworth and Fort Riley have been ex
empted from the reduction for purposes
of Instruction, so that at the general serv
ice and staff college and , the school of
application for cavalry and light artillery,
student officers mty become familiar with
tbe handling of troops at full war atreugtb.
1 lalanda Keed Little Defense.
The report continues:
The only armed forces which will then
remain to be maintained on account of the
Islands ceded by Spain will be the Porto
Rico 1'rovlHlonal regiment and the Philip
I recommend the discontinuance of the
Porto Klco regiment, and that at the same
time the right of enlistment in the regular
army be extended to citlsens of Porto Klco.
There 1 no longer occasion for maintaining
a special and peculiar force in the Island,
outside of the coast defense fortifications.
The Philippine scouts, on the other hand,
should be continued. They enable us to
reduce the force of American troops in the
Philippines more rapidly tnan we could
without them, and their knowledge of the
country mukts them especially valuable in
hunting down ladrones, which for a good
while to come will be an urgent buelnens.
The relation between these scouts and the
insular conmabti.ary will have to be worked
out hereafter when we have had longer ex
perience and know better what revenues
can be relied upon by the Insular govern
ment. Both forces are now useful agents in
Many Kecralts Itejeeted.
During the year ended June 30, 1902. there
were K4.542 applications tor enlistment in
the army, not including the Hospital corps
and Philippine ecouts. Of these 37,401, or
about 30 per cent, were accepted and X7.0M,
or about 70 per cent, were rejec ted. Of the
number accepted 32,249 were natives of the
United State, 4.72S were of foreign birth
and 4t(6 were born in Porto Klco; 84,677 were
white, 3,2fs4 colored, 14 Indians and 4S6 Porto
Klcans (color not specified). The re-enlistments
numbered li.46 and the new en
listments 28,u2t. Of the applicants rejected
1,622 were rejected as aliens and 3,828 as Il
literates. The health of the army has shown a con
tinued improvement. Deaths from all
causes during 1W1 amounted to 13.94 per
1,000 of mean strength, as against 22.74 per
l.OiiO of mean strength during 1900. This
large reduction of death rate was In a
great measure flue to Improved conditions
In the Philippines, where the rate was re
duced to 17.16 per 1,000 in 1901, aa against
29.42 in 1900. The death rate from all causes
during the year 19iil In the I'nlted States
was 6.90 per 1,000; In Porto Rico. 7.81; In
Cuba, 6.29, and in the Pacific islands and
China, 17.96. The admissions to sick report
for disease and Injury and the discharges
for dleablilty agree with the reduced mor
tality rate In, being considerably less.
A further Improvement of health In the
Philippines may be anticipated from the
cessation of guerrilla warfare, with the ex
posure incident to It.
Full returns have not been received cov
ering the period of epidemic cholera in the
Philippines, but telegraphic reports Indl
cste that the army nas suffered but little.
The principal mllltery events of the year
have been the end ot the military occupa
tion of Cuba and the end of the inourrec
uon In the PhiHppinea. . .
The report, proceeding, detaila the Amer
ican evacuation, of .Cuba and the estab
lishment of the. Insular government, and
the pacification; of the Philippines.
It continues: . . v
Horoi Keed Care.
In the meantime the close general anal
ogy to the relations of the North Amer
ican Indians Indicates a duty, for the pres
ent at least, of limited supervision and
control operating upon the tribal govern
menta of tho Moroa, rather than an at
tempt to aubstltute an American or Phil
ippine government acting directly upon the
Now that the Insurrection na been dis
posed of we shall be able to turn our at
tention, not merely to the slave trade, but
to the already existing slavery among the
Moros. We cannot immediately free the
slaves by a single act, first, because it
would require a war of extermination in
which a large part of tha slaves would
probably be found fighting against us; and
second, because a large part of them would
have nowhere to go and no way to live
If deprived of the protection and support
of their preoeni niBBiem, i ucmttvc, hu
ever, that we can maintain a process of
gradual and steady reduction, resulting ul
timately In the extinction of the practice
The task or improving me anrra is by
no means hopeless. General George Vv .
Davis, who commanded in Mindanao, and
now commands the Division of tha Phil
ippines, says of them:
'Whatever may be the number of Moros,
whether a few or many hundred thou
sands, all, and many times more than all,
of these people will be needed as agricul
tural and mechanical laborers and helpers
In the cultivation of the toll and the util
isation of its productions for the benefit
of themselves and mankind. They are
able to produce rice, sugarcane, coffee,
corn, cattle, beautiful woven fabrics, and
thrusting and cutting weapons; they manu
facture bronse cannon and gunpowder, and
give surprising proofs of their Ingenuity
and Industry. Their Moro boats are fash
ioned and rigged and Bailed with the ut
most skill and are admired by all strang
ers." The restoration of the normal conditions
of peace and the return of the greater
part of the army to the United StaU-s have
made It possible to reaume with Increased
activity the work of preparing for future
The Increase of the army from 2S.000 to
60,000 has made neceasary a great increase
In barracks, quarters, hnspitaln, and all
the constructions which go to make tip an
army post. The accommodations which had
been provided ueiore tne war wun epain
are now quite Inadequate and require to
be more than doubled. '
I'rajes More Maneuvers.
Tho rapid increase of inexperienced men
make the kind of exercise furnished by
the Joint army and navy maneuvers of last
September of the utmost importance. I urge
that appropriations be made by congress to
provide for a continuance of the same prac
tice, and for the most liberal allowances
of ammunition and projectiles for general
target practice in which the entire coast
artillery can take part.
An examination ot the sources from
which are drswn the officers of the army,
aa now constituted, shows how Important
It is to go on with the military education
of officers in some general and systematic
way. Of the 2.i0 officers of the line, 1.818
have been appointed alnce the beginning
of the war with Spain. Of these 276 were
supplied by the West Point academy; the
remaining 1,542 come -414 from the ranks,
512 from civil life and 616 from the volun
teers of the war with Spain and in the
The volunteer and enlisted men have
acquired useful experience and were all
selected en. the ground of their military
conduct and intelligence. Yet it is gen
erally true of ths whole 1.542. constituting
more than one-half of all the officers of
the line, that they have had no systematic
military education. They constitute nearly
the entire body of first and second lieu
tenants. After some years they wjll have
to supply our generals and colonels and
chief stsff officers charged with the in
atrjctlon. discipline and command of our
forcea. Unlesa the theory of military edu
cation under 'which we have maintained
the academy at West Point for a century
is all a mUtake, it la Important to give
thla class of officers torn- of the educa
tional advantages which West Point men
get before they are commissioned. The
aame will be true of future accessions to
ths force of officers, for West Point can
not be expected to fiil more than about
two-thlrda ot the annual vacanciea.
Wants Mllltla Established.
Tt U really absurd that a nation which
maintains but a small regular army and
depends upon unprofessional cltlsen soldiery
for Its defense should run along as we
have for lltt years under a mllltla law
which never worked aatiafactorlly and waa
obaoiete before any man now fit for mili
tary duty waa born. The reiiult la we have
practically no militia system, notwlih
standing the fact that the constitution
makes it the duty of the federal congress
"to Drovlde for organising, armlna and dla-
clpllnlng the mllltla." 1 rcr-omrsend, there
, furs, the pataage of tbe bUl Introduced last
selon, which will enable us while main
lining a etsndlng army of but ti,i men
to put a force of at hast 2..".(o Into the
field Inntnntly upon a declaration of war,
and the com would be less than to maintain
but a few additional regiments of regular
The mllltnry fore of the United States
Would then be as follows:
Flrat. The) regular army, capable of en
largement by the president when he seea
war coming to lsunm.
Second. Such of the organised mllltla (al
ready trained as a national gurd, and Juat
as valuable, when used In the manner here
inafter Indicated, as any other troops; ns
the president shall see tit to call Into the
aervlce of the 1'nltfd States for not exceed
ing nine months, to repel Invasion.
Third. A first volunteer reserve, composed
of such companies, troops and regiments
of the organised mllltla already trained as
a national guard as volunteer by organisa
tions with all their officers and men.
Fourth. A second volunteer reserve, com
posed of men previously enrolled and hav
ing military, training in the National Gunrd,
the regular army or the volunteer army,
and commanded by rfilcers wlione fitness
has been ascertained by practical tefts.
Fifth. Such iurthrr volunteers as it may
be necessary to call from the states, ac
cording to their respective quotas, and
commanded by regimental olHcers ap
pointed by the governors of the states.
The capacity of the National Guard In
general to serve effectively In the national
army depends largely upon the aid they re
ceive from the national government. The
gurtrd Is now armed with a variety of
weapons of different kinds and calibers, in
cluding two different calibers of the obso
lete Springfield rifle, the Lee. the Kemlng-ton-Ie,
the Winchester and tho Krag
Jorgensen. In several Instances different
National Guard organisations of the same
state are armed with different weapons of
different calibers. Among all the 115,000
national guardsmen only 4.0)0 have the
modern service rltle of the army. With the
exception of thene 4,01)0 rifles the arms of
the guard would be practically worthless
In time of war. The mllltla and the volun
teer Nutlonal Guard organisations In gen
eral would be obliged to throw away their
present arms at the beginning of a war
and get re-equipped with weapons t.ie use
of which they had never learned.
Create General Stnff.
The most Important thing to be done now
for the regular army is the creation of a
general staff. , .
It was the lack of such a body of men
which led to tlw confusion attending the
Santiago expedition in 1S98.
Promotes Economy In Army.
The act of 1872, under which the gov
ernment acts practtcHlly as a savings bank,
has been very benerclal. Under that law
enlisted men may deposit their savings, in
sums r.ot less than ti, with paymasters,
and upon deposits of not less than IjO. re
maining for a period of six months, In
terest lu paid at the rate of 4 per cent per
annum. Without this the soldier would
have no means of Investing or taking care
of any savings from his pay, and the ten
dency would be to spend the pay, whenever
opportunity offered, up to the fa 11 limit.
Under this law the amount of savings
reported by the paymaster general to the
credit of enlisted men on June 30, 1902,
whs 14,269,244.81. The effect of this arrange
ment has been to promote economy, dis
courage useless and profligate experdlture
and give the men who leave the service
an accumulation upon which to start in
civil Ufe. . ,
I concur in the recommendation of the
adjutant general that the privilege of this
statute should be extended to otticers.
Phlllvplne Matters Touched On.
Immigrants to the -number of SO.094 ar
rived In the Philippines during the fiscal
year 1902 aa against 17.10S in 1901. Of this
number 12,751 tlnclmllng 10,101 Chinese) had
been In the Islands before. Among the
17,343 wh.i came for the first time there
were 15,312, or 88 per cent, Americans, 368
Chinese, 451 Japanese, 2"22 Kngllsh, 368 Span
iards, 129 East Indians, and 6t3 of other
nationalities. Among the Americans there
were 176 merchant dealers and grocers, 790
teachers, 122 clerks and accountants. The
greater number of Americans are, how
ever, not described by occupation. More
than three-fourths of the Chinese were
laborers, and more than half the remainder
I earnestly urge, firBt, that the duties
levied In the United States upon products
of the Philippines Imported therefrom be I
reduced to 25 per cent of the Dlngley tariff
rates; second, that the government be per
mitted to establish a gold standard for Its
currency, and to take such measures as it
finds to De practicaoie una pruuem lu
von iha silver coinage which it is au
thorized to issue at parity with gold, with
out In any way committing the United
Slaves to-. responsibility therefor.
MISSOURI LAW IN DOUBT
No One Deems to Know at Present If
Boodlers Can Be Legally
ST. I.OU18. Nov. 80. The December
rmnri turv will he emnaneled tomorrow
o -- . . .
and continue tbe Investigation ot municipal
The full revelation of tho nature and ex
tent of "boodllna" In St. Louis, according
to the circuit attorney, 1b not yet flnlsh.id
and he states that he means to push it to
Tha intervention of the statute of limita
tions In the lightlDg bill case, and the
fact that further lndlctmenta have been
made in connection with this measure, have
awakened discussion over tbe exceptions
to this statute and the possibility ot tur
It is the oDinlon of lawyers mat u an
Information haa been filed or an Indict
ment found against tha alleged brlbe
givera the trial will amount to a test of
the statute. The circuit attorney refutes
to dltcuss the exceptions.
! Charles F. Kelly is expected to reacn
hero by Thursday. He will be tried on De
cember 15, on the Suburban charges, along
with - seven other members of the bouse
of delegates indicted in that connection,
unless he secures a severance. This ac
tion on Kelly's part 1b not expected, how
a number of other indicted delegates are
also expected to come to trial between
now and December 15, and aeveral others
PHILADELPHIA. Nov. JO. Mrs. Charles
F. Kelly, arrived here today rom Bt. Louie.
- She waa met by friends and at ence taken
to the central police stat.on, where the
had a six hours' talk with her hutband.
it ta exneeted the brlsoner will be ex
tradited and taken to St. Louis within tbe
next tew days.
Blsr Prlso for Horse Ilace.
NEW YORK, Not. JO. The conditions
tor the Futurity of 190J, to close January
6, are announced by the Coney Island
Jockey club. Tbe added money for the
race, as usual, is $10,000, the estimated
value being $75,000, ot which turn $3,750
will go to the breeders.
More Jersey sold than any
other Butterine, because it ex
eels all others in quality and
Put up in i and 2-lb. prints
in printed paper wrappers like
cut. Ask your dealer.
UauiCttf 0"fe St.Loub Swift & Company, CtiUgO St. Joseph St.rof Rrarik
lEUURE nets fortune
Catholics Baise Twenty-Five Thouiand tt
PRIEST TELLS OF EDUCATIONAL WORK
9aya Millions Are Paid In Taaea Which
Are Kot Dae and One Million
Children Cared for Free
CHICAGO, Nov. JO. "The Roman Cath
olics In the United States are annually pay
ing into the national treasury $25,000,000 be
yond their rightful taxes and are educating
1.000,000 children without charging the
country a cent. Tet we have never been
given one word of praise for this work. The
country is not to blame for this, we our
selves are at fault because we have never
told the United States what we have been
doing." In these words tbe Very Rev. Wll
llsm O. Broen Pardow, S. J., of New York
City pleaded to an audience of Catholics
that filled the Auditorium tonight to aid
The subject of the lecture was "Saint De
La Salle and Modern Education," and Its
object the raising of funds for the teaching
orders of the Catholic church.
The management ot the affair reported
after the meeting that $25,000 had been tbe
net amount received. Thla amount Includes
the $10,000 offered by W. Bourke Cockran of
New York, cottdltionaHy on a like amount
being raiaed by the tale of seats.
UNKNOWN LAND TRAVERSED
American Captain Visits
ttlons In Island of
MANILA, Nov. JO. Captain Pershing,
with eixty men, has completed a march
across the Island of Mindanao from Camp
Vicars to Illgan. Thla Is possibly tbe
first time that white men have made the
Captain Perchlnit visited the villages ot
Madaya and Marahul. On hla way to
Madaya he found the Moros turprleed to
learn that Americans were tot monsters
ten feet tall, with horns and talis. At
Marahul he addressed 600 Moros, telling
them of the friendly purposes ot the Amer
icans. Representatives of tbe Dato and
Bocayutan tribes, which are now at war,
asked Captain Pershing to arbitrate. He
agreed to visit them and give his arbitra
tion on his return Journey to Camp Vicars.
No hostility waa shown toward the column
on the march.
The constabulary In the Zambales prov
ince report a repulsive incident of cruelty
perpetrated by ladrones. Several columns !
of constabulary had been chasing them ,
with the assistance of friendly natives.
Five of the frlendltet straggled from the
column and were captured . by ladrones.
who amputated the tongue and gouged out
the eyes ot one friendly and then sent him
back to tbe constabulary. Tha fate of tbe
others la unknown.
FORTUNE AWAITS CLAIMANTS
Vienna Miser Leaves American Rein,
fives Who May Hear Semethlaa;
to Their Adrantace.
VIENNA, Nov. SO. The heirs, tome of
whom are living in the United Statea, are
wanted to an estate valued at about $100,
000 left by Heinrlch Oesterlcber, a miser,
who recently died here.
The Vienna authorities found among hit
papers a schedule of securities worth $100,
000, but only certificate! to the value of
$73,000. Upon being questioned, Oeste
rlcher's landlady produced batch of se
curities worth $17,000, and laid the de
ceased had presented them to her the day
before he died. . The woman has handed
over tbe papers, but without xenounctng
her claim on them,
Oesterlcher left a brother and two mar
ried sisters living somewhere In the United
States, while among the heirs are three
children of a deceased sitter named Roths
child. CASTRO FREES PRISONERS
Opens Jail Doora aad Tarn Polit
ical Offenders Loose One
CARACAS, Venexuela, Nov. JO. Presi
dent Castro has. opened all the pris
ons In this city, at Puerto Cabello and
Maracaibo and liberated tbe political of
fenders confined therein.
Among the reteaaed prisoners are Olavar
rta, the brother-in-law ot General Matoa,
Acedo, the latter'a confidential agent, and
leading traders Jn Caracaa named Traveslo
Voncah and Nunez, who were arreated for
complicity In the revolution. Thla act has
nrndiirnd a mod lmDresslon and It la re- !
ported that General J. M. Herhandes, called
"El Mocho," and three others of the rev
olutionary leadera will also be liberated
COAL OIL CAN EXPLODES
Boys Try to start Fire, hot Com.
meaee Lonsr Joorney
ELKHART, Ind., Nov. 80. Arthur and
Charles Lynett, 8 and years, respectively,
died today at the result of burns received
this morning. .
Mr. and Mrs. Lynett slept late. The boys
came down stairs before their psrents so
and tbe older boy attempted to start ire
with keroeehe. An eiplotton follower and
both boys received burnt from which they
o P A 9
DIETRICK HAS. OPERATION.
Peary's Doctor ttnffers from Appenill.
rltla and Feel Horirna'i
PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 10. Dr. T. S.
Dletrlrk, who was with Lieutenant Tear
when he made the last expedition In tearch
of the North role, la lying tcrlously ill In
St. Luke's hospital, a victim of appendicitis.
Dr. Dletrlrk had been suffering with In
tense abdominal pains for a week, when ho
came to thla city. Tho doctors told bin
he would have to undergo an operation if
hla life was to be saved.
The operation was successfully performed
on Friday by Trof. Carl V. Vlscher. chief of
tho medical staff. Dr. Dletrick'a condition
was tonight reported to be favorable with
bright chances for recovery.
GILMORE RANCHER IS DEAD
Arrives In Chleasro J a at In .Time to
End Life nt Wyoming;
CHICAGO, Dec. 1. (Special Telegram.)
Richard Danells, aged 74, a prominent
ranchman of Ollmore, Nob., died at the
Wyoming hotel here shortly after mliibfghl
supposedly of t-eart dlsesse.
He arrived here In ci-npany with h.a
nephew, Thomas Mortimer, and fM-ni-r
Governor Packard of Iowa only an houc
previous to his death.
Always tho Samo
The Pride of Milwaukee
Send Postal Card for New Brochure
which tells why
BLATX BcER IS RIGHT
BLATZ MALT-VI VINE
TONIC FOR THE WEAK
All Druggists or Direct
VAL. BLATZ BREWING CO.. Milwaukee
1419 Donsjias it. Tel. 10H1.
Tho Rook Island System will tell
tickets oa Nov. SOth, Dee. 1st
and Xnd to Chicago and return
for $14.76, good for return until
U2i Faraim SL
Ja nil DISEASES
12 Fears of uo
ccaaful practtoo la
O iu aba.
VARICOCELE HYDROCELE end
DllCe " 1 1 S ears. niUuwt cviuius.
rILbd la at tlaw loaal awut U eara
twa m an names roafunstskA.
dTrlilLIS Uaroasblr alaaBMa lroa Ue
a7.Um. staa rfT .Isn bj4 .mum iuiipan
asS -tar.r. BMBAK1NO OUT" at
U. 4lti. VVtaYaaia er ItM. T.t-.ai Maialas
a. luiims truss UUwlaw swauuiw.
lift?!!? linl from fiMim ar VICTIMS TO
WEAK HtH NBKVOtlB I.CB1UTT OR
li.f a4 stnattk. silk art uUa4 aa4 .
tonsnltation re. Trtataitat hf MmlU
Cnll or nddress, tlB . loth Bf,
DR. SEARLES & SEARLES. "12A
Woodwara & Burgca.
-TONIGHT TUESDAY NIGHT
-and the Nelll Company-
Tonlght "l NUKll TIIK HUH HUBiS."
Twesaay "HO.N. JOIIX OHIGSBV."
Prices: 25c, 60c, 75e, $1.00
WEDNESDAY MAT. and NIGHT Thurs
With W. 8. OIL.L. In the title role. Price:
Mat., 2u, 5oc. Night, 2&c, 5uc. 75c, $1.00.
FRIDAY BATVRDA Y MAT. and NIGHT
Xn "ALICE OK OLA) VINCENNEB."
Matinees Wednesday, Saturday, Bundu,
2. IS. fcvery Night, :U.
HIGH CLASS VAUDEVILLE
Atboa Family, Carver and Pollard. Mark
Bulllvan, Kelly and Vlolette, Brrol aud
lierol, liaby Lund, AlburtuB and Miliar and
Prices 10c, Stc, Vic.
link end Uoe.tf.ln .
Omaha, s Leading Hotel.
- LUNCHEON. F1KTY CENTS.
12:30 to I m.
SUNDAY, a:ao DINNER, lie.
Steadily Increasing bualneaa has necessi
tated an enlargement of this cafe, doubling
its former capacity.
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