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THE OMAHA DAILY ItEE: MONDAY, PKCEMRm 1, 1002.
Tiie Omaha' Daily Beev E. ROSEWATER, EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Dally Il (without Sunday). One Tear.. $4-00 Dully ee arid Bunds r. One Year ( v Illustrated Hen, ( year 2 00 hmdRV !?, Onekaf 2.0-I tatunlny Hee, On year , 1.50 Twentieth Ontury Farmer, One Year.. l.OU DBXlVEKUp IVT CARRIER. Dally Bee (without Snndar), per copy.... 2c Ually Hee (without Hunrtay). per week.. . .12c UaJly Bee (Including Sunday), per week.. 17c Sunday Bee, per ropy 6c Evening Hee (without Sundny). per week tc Evening Bee (Including Sunday), per week . .: 10c Complaints of Irregularities In delivery Should be addressed to City Circulation De partment. OFFICES. Omaha The Be Building. South Omaha City Hall Building, Twenty-fifth and M Streets. Council lilnrTn 10 Pearl Btreet. Chicago 1640 Unity Building. New York '"8 Pnrk How Building. W'aehington 501 Fourteenth Street. ., CORRESPONDENCE. Communications relating to news snd edi torial matter should be addressed: Omaha Bee, Editorial Department. BUSINESS LETTERS. Business letters and remittances should be addressed: The Bee Publishing Com pany, Omaha. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or postal order. payable to The Bee Publishing Company Only z-cent stamps accepted In payment 01 mall accounts. Personal checks, except on Omaha Or eastern exchange, not accepted. THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT wF CIRCULATION. State of Nebraska. Douglas County, ss. : George B. Tzschuck, secretary of The Bee Publishing Compaoy, being duly sworn, says that the actual number of full and complete coDles of The Dally. Morning. Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the monin 01 isovemoer, was as ioiiowb 1 31,470 16...';.. 28,435 17... 30,0 18 '..,...30,870 19 80,040 Z 2U.4SO 1 31,OUO 4 31,380 C 41,ONS 6 '. 34.S60 7 31,210 30,340 20.575 10 81,300 11 30,070 12 30. 700 13 :v...ao,N2o 14 80.T80 15 31,310 20. 30,800 2L 80,030 22., .31,410 2? 28,310 24 80,020 25 81,000 26.. 27.. 28.. .-.' 30.. 8 l.OOO 80,780 ..... .81,130 ......81,40 28,475 Total 032J110 Leas unsold and returned copies..., 0,237 Net totai sales 022.U73 Net average soles.-. 80,755 GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK. Subscribed In my presence and sworn to before me this 30th day of November. A. D. l02. M. B. HUNOATB, (Seal) Notary Public Captain Peary Is now furiously ntiT loua for someone else to capture the north pole. Colonel Mosby talks as If be meant business. What Is more, he has a record for making his talk good. The talk of organizing the preachers Into trades unions will come to nothing If It is proposed to bar Sunday work. Congressman Fowler will loctor his currency bill by adding a number of amendments. , At that It Joes not stand the ghost of a show of becoming a law. President Pal ma of Cuba Is gradually coming to be the target of warring po litical factions, who will soon make him realize thatls position. Is no permanant sinecure. li.Tlew of the plan of the Cleveland democrats, to oust . Tom Johnson f rom party control In Ohio, that statesman has merely stored his circus tent In wlriter quarters. The Mexican silver dollar,, worth less than 50 cents, will find its antithesis in the souvenir gold dollar coined for the St Louis exposition that Is already selling for three times its face. After all, a respectablo nav would come mighty handy for American farm ers and live stock. growers If any for eign power ' should undertake to close our ports or stop our access to foreign markets. Half the time allotted to the work of the Board of Review has expired. The next two weeks should, see some lively churning in the figures returned to rep resent the full taxable value of personal property held In Omaha.1 Mercer's opponent at the recent elec tion makes oath that he spent just 468 In the campaign that landed him In Mer cer's congressional shoes. Mr. Mercer's bill for the billposter alone must have amounted to nearly thafrmuch. - The railroads are keeping mighty mum about the assessment of their property tn Omaha for municipal taxation. We may be sure, however, that they are in cubating some smooth scheme to get way from paying their taxes If they can. ' - The conclusion of the committee rep resenting English labor unions, now making a study of American Imlif.trlul conditions, that wage en mors in. tho United States are at least 5 p.r cent better off than in England is fully cor ro bo rated by Immigration statistics. The Union Pacific lawyers seem to be in no hurry to press their charge of con tempt against the locked-out machinists resting under the strike Injunction. The offenses of the machinists cannot be very hellions or Baldwin the Great would In sist on having ' them clapped into Jail forthwith. ( Nearly every lawyer of democratic per suasion in the county Is trying to get connection with the county attorney's office by appointment to the corps of 11.200-a-year deputleai That does not peak overly well for the ability of the lawyers of the faith to bring In big fees from their private practice. A novel th,etne .q the perpetuation of control of two corporations has got Into the courts and been temporarily enjoined. It Is for one company to bold eoutrol of the stock of another com pany, the latter company in turn hold lng control of the stock of the first It Is perfectly simple, and, unless held to be against public policy, certainly effec tive. It Is asy, however, to see that the minority stock In both companies might not fare well. ' COJtORCSS. The memorable remark of President Cleveland about having congreas on his hands Implied a feeling that he bad a disagreeable duty before him. The last democratic president was much of the time, even while congrcjs was In con trol of bis party, at odds with that lwdy. He did not get along well with some of the leads. ;n and his few devoted follow ers were not able to carry out his views and wishes. This was conspicuously the rase In regard to tariff legislation, the law of 1804, which be would not sign, having been declared by him to be an act of perfidy and dishonor. The meeting today of the second ses sion of the Fifty-seventh congress will cause President Boosevelt no such feel ing as was Implied In the remark of Mr. Cleveland. On the contrary he will be glnd thai the representatives of the American people are again assembled to consider the questions affecting the In terests and welfare of the nation and will welcome the opportunity to com municate to the national legislature bis views on those questions. Realising bis great duties and responsibilities, Instead of feeling that he has congress "on his hands." it will be the highest satisfac tion to him to be again In communica tion and In' co-operation with the re publican, leaders for the promotion of the principles and policies of his party. He Is on good terms with all of them. Whatever disagreement there may be as to any particular policy, there Is no quarrel and no antipathy. The president has proper respect for congress ns a co ordinate branch of the government and In return congress respects the admin istration. The good feeling that pre vailed during the fir6t session will un doubtedly continue through the second. We have heretofore considered the out look for legislation at this session and nothing has since transpired to change the prospect. This Is that not very much will be done beyond the passage of the appropriation bills. Them Is promise of some legislation relating to the trusts and we think there should be, but many congressmen believe It will be impracticable. It Is certain that there will be no interference with the tariff and no currency legislation, so that In regard to these matters the business and financial Interests of the country have nothing to fear. NEBRASKA'S KCHUUL tUND PROBLEM. The management of the trust funds held by the state as an endowment for its public schools and educational Institu tions has for years constituted the most perplexing problem confronting the peo ple W Nebraska. Up to this time every effort to deal with this subject In a rational manner has failed, notwith standing the fact that to the temptation to use this money for private specula tion is traceable all the treasury scan dals with which Nebraska bus been so grievously afflicted. .While the thief obstacle unquestiona bly lies in the constitutional provisions restricting school fund Investments to a narow list of securities, these limita tions promise to prove more troublesome In the future even than In the past. The bonds In which the school moneys have been invested are gradually be coming payable and when they are taken up by the counties Issuing them the pro ceeds must be added to the uninvested balance, swelling more and more the Idle money In the bands of the state treasurer. To amend the constitution, granting that it Is possible, will require not less than three years, and In the Interval the conditions would be getting constantly more aggravating unless measures of relief are Introduced by the legislature or by the new treasurer on his own account , The Bee maintains now, as it lias in the Dast. that there Is nothing to pre vent the state treasurer from depositing the school fund balances together with the other moneys In his possession and crediting the Interest earned to the school fund, the same as If it were paid on investments in state warrants. The nresent treasurer has his school iunus nn nnoslt in various banks, some ot them without the protection of depository wd. This money is earning interest which the treasurer asserts has all been turned Into the treasury, but instead of being credited to the school fund the Interest on the school tuna deposits u been lumped in with the interest on ,,ernt funds and pourea into me geu r.l fund, out of which the ordinary expenses of the state governuieiu paid Tliis amounts to a diversion of money belonging to the school fund into neral fund, which is certainly as much a violation of tne cobbuiuuuu U the di.pwit.of the school funds m hanks. uryw.'k"' j . , , t we must disregard wmuiuu.. provisions, which all admit cannot pos- nWrved. there is no glDiy ue nil iv'j reason whatever why the school funds ehould not be managed from now on it, of sound business pnuu.y, uu . . II without any more specious jug.." v. cover up notorious facta. DISCRIMINATION IN STEEL PRODUCTS. ThP Wall Street Journal, a puDiwa tion which certainly does not speak out of prejudice against the largest cord ate concerns, asserts positively "has coufirmed the report that the United States Steel coinpony's foreign agents have been Instructed to offer finished steel abroad at prices below those quoted here." It is within bounds to say that if this assertion is susuuui by actual proofs, and if the anegeu or ders of the great steel company are adhered to as a general policy, it will certainly create an unfavorable public linnresslon. The business world is familiar with the practice of large manufacturers who under certain conditions sell tueir prou. ucts In distant or occasional niurtets at a lower price than in the market on mhlch they principally rely. The prac tice la o nw one nor e,nflnd to for" elgn markets. It Is usually resorted to when the manufacturer has on band an Inconvenient surplus, which be will get rid of at a rut price In a less Important market rather tlinn derange prices In his permanent field of operations. No such excuse can be found In the present condition of the steel industries. Not only Is there no inconvenient sur plus, but production Is notoriously in arrears of consumption. It Is well known that dependent domestic opera tions of great Importance are delayed because of pressure of demand for steel supplies. It is no time for a concern like the United Stotes Steel company, while maintaining prices in the domes tic market to offer as a general policy Its products at lower figures In foreign markets. While it is true that such a policy is identically the one followed ruruemoriHlly by the manufacturing In terests of England, especially since Its adoption of free trade, it Is nevertheless a fact that the tendency of the prac tice at this time would be to excite hostility not only to our own manufac turers, but also to the system under which they In common with the whole country have prospered. COMMISSION FUR THE VR1ENT. The creation of a commercial commis sion for the Orient is again to be urged upon the attention of congress. A bill providing for such a commission is now before a committee of the senate and its author, Senator MeCumber of North Dakota, will make an earnest effort to secure action upon It by the present congress. The measure has received the endorsement of commercial organiza tions in all parts of the country, showing that manufacturers and exporters are anxious that it should pass. The proposition is not new, having first been presented in a letter to the senate committee on appropriations from Secretary of State Day in 1898. This contemplated the appointment of a com mission and the establishment of agen cies In the far east at which samples of American manufactures might be ex hibited with a view of developing a mar ket in that quarter of the globe for the product of American industries. This was suggested by the fact that several European commissions were In the Orient, the results of which had been highly satisfactory. It is quite probable that it would be to the advantage of American trade with the fur east to have a government commission there and ngencies for the exhibition of our manufactures, although undoubtedly there are some who will question whether this is a proper func tion of the government Some two years ago American manufacturers sent a commission to China and Japan with good results, but It is believed that ouly by the authority of the general gov ernment can such a commission be of greatest service. Doubtless this view is correct but In any event we shall not have the success In securing trade hoped for until our manufacturers are prepared to make goods such as the eastern markets require. Evidence of this Is given In a recent report of the United States consul general at Yoko hama, which shows that In cotton espe cially American manufacturers keep the home demand and the home tastes too closely in mind all the time. They sim ply export their surplus product, ex pecting foreigners to want and buy Just what we do ourselves. This is the case as to other countries than those of the far east. An American doing business in Russia, who Is now here In the In terest of trade with that country, says he finds It the hardest kind of work to get the American manufacturer to take the slightest Interest in matters of de tail. It is not to be doubted that we should have a much larger trade with South America If our manufacturers bad more carefully considered the peculiar needs and wants tff the southern mar kets. Commercial commissions may be ser viceable in promoting trade European experience with them shows this. But the effectiveness of their work neces sarily depends upon the manufacturers of a country consulting the special wants and tastes of the people to whom they would sell. This, It appears, Amer ican manufacturers generally have not yet shown a disposition to do. The so-called nationalist party leaders have aereed on a policy of sheer obstruc tlon to President Palma's administra tion. The Cubans seem not to under- .tand the difference between a constitu tinnnl omwsltion and factional obstruc tion. Constitutional government, as it has been developed by the people of the rth nf Eurooe. Implies a spirit of raoa -tinn which works out In compromise nniif.ipa. The Cubans nave aireuuj 1 wvn too many signs of the radical ... intnWant temperament of the Latin peoples among whom political opposition gravitates toward seaitiou ou i,.n,i unil tvranny on tne otner. rue .un v.ns them tormented between die tatorshlp and insurrection msieaa 01 ,.ittin? sober Judgment to use po litical parties as the means for forming conservative policies. loading democratic newspaper In an elaborate discussion of the outlook of h nartv lays it down as fundamental that everything depends on the man who is to lead, and then dismisses as unsat isfactory every man who has been men n..,...,i nr tluiuirht of for leader. It con cludes that the only consolation Is the reflection that in great emergencies someone has always been raised up to h a. Moses. In other words, the disnosi tlon is to throw the responsibility upon Provideuce. The great crowds which attend the foot ball games seem to suffer material diminution when the report of the gate receipts comes In. At the gridiron bat tie between the teams representing Ne braska and Northwestern universities Thanksgiving day the number of specta tors was variously put from 6,000 to 8,000. As each paid admission was sup posed to drop Into the box office, with an extra CO cents for the reserved seats on the grand stand, the statement that the total receipts aggregated $4,1500 Indi cates either a discrepancy In the ac counts or an unusual elasticity of vision of those who estimated the attendance presumably the latter. Incidentally the financial exhibit for the University of Nebraska foot ball season promises a surplus of $2,500 over and above all ex penses, which goes to show that college athletics constitute the only portion of the curriculum that Is coined forthwith Into dollars and cents. The comment that has been Indulged over the choice of a private sectetary for Governor Mickey Is entirely uncalled for and unwarranted. The private secretary to the governor stands In confidential re lation to him and the selection should be purely personal, subject only to condi tions requiring capacity for the work and a reputation for Integrity. If the governor should be left free to exercise his personal preference for any office it should be for that of private secretary. The selection be bas made of A. B. Allen Is eminently satisfactory to the public, and those who know him will be disap pointed if the new secretary does not make the governor an efficient and re liable aide. The chief of the fire department of New York City bas been dismissed on the grounds "of conduct prejudicial to eood order and discipline In prosecuting and unjustly discriminating against cer tain members of the uniformed force, and of conduct unbecoming an oflJcer and a gentleman and prejudicial to good order and discipline." That sounas strangely familiar to Omaha people who recollect the circumstances that attended the last exit of a fire chief from the Omaha fire department Omaha's bank clearings statement for the week shows an increase of 11.3 per cent over the figures for the correspond ing period last year. The per cent of in crease is not quite so high as that of some other cities, but Omaha shows bet ter than Kansas City in that respect while St Joseph and Denver both have comparative decreases to their credit The canal Idea seems to be catching. Governor Odell wants to put ?GO,000,000 Into a canal connecting the great lakes and the Atlantic which could be trav ersed by the biggest boats. The next few decades are bound to see some gigantic engineering enterprises carried into execution. . Silver Riding; the Tosoigsa. Chicago Chronicle. Thn divine ratio docs not appear to be playing to very good business in the Philip pines either. Cllaa-lna; to a. Good Thing. Indianapolis News. km 1nn o tha Inrlenendent onerators are -.iiin t7 anil la ton (or their coal at the mines, they probably won't care how long the present state o: anairs continues. A Welcome Chance. Detroit Free Press. a rood deal of tun-has been made of Gen eral J. C. Breckenrldge's eloquent compli ments to his brother officers; but It is relief nnw anil then to find somebody in the War department who Is not trying to work an embalmed beet pedal. Yes Can't Loaa 'Em. Baltimore American. Th nlrtureaaue and the Dracttcal are about equally mixed in the cry of the Porto Rican mob: "Abajo con Dooley! . it is to ha honed. If only for the sake of his name, that Dooley will refuse to comply with the request and be downed. Overworking- the Megaphone. Washington Post at rnurse. there la nothing selfish tn Mr. Bryan's discovery that the weekly newspa per has taken the place of the daily as a mold for public opinion. In tact, Mr. Bryan Is about the only real unselfish person Btrlving for tha center of the stage these days. Blara-est On la the Baneh. Indianapolis News. Wa now have a coast defense gun that will fire a projectile twenty-one miles. Shooting at that range must be a good deal like shooting around a corner. One would think, too, that considerable diffi culty would be experienced in retrieving the game when the shots were effective. Getting at the Trnth. Indianapolis News. Perhaps, In the long run. It will be better to have the Investigation of the coal strike proceed, for In that way the public will find out many things that It ought to know and has a right to know. Certain connec tions between railroads and coal mines and their relations to the laws of Pennsylvania will probably be brought out In a way that may ultimately serve the public well. Hot Eager to gapport Mother. Baltimore American. " Canada does not take kindly to the proposition to establish a navy from which Great Britain could recruit its own. Some how or other, the colonies are beginning to grow restive under the complimentary insinuation that the children of the em pire ara too dutiful to let their old mother work, and that the latter will fondly allow them to assume as much of her burden as she can get them to accept. Before and After Taklag. Buffalo Express. A month before election tha little great men of congress were clinging frantically to the president's anti-trust policy as the life preserver that was saving the repub lican party. Now some ot them ara going back to Washington with all manner ot ob jections to the president's plans. A states man who refuses to take the same view of public opinion after election that he recog nized while a candidate la not worth lis tening to. Glow of Toleaale Dast. San Francisco Chronicle. It will be remembered that for nearly two years after the volcanic explosion of the Island of Krakatoa rosy sunsets we conspicuous phenomena throughout the northern hemisphere growing out of the distribution of volcanic dust through the earth's atmosphere around the globe. These rosy sunsets ara again In evidence, and are doubtless due to the volcanlo duat dls charged this year Into tha earth's at- moapnerie envelope by tha eruptive cones U Central America and tha Waat Indies. Increasing Freight Rates Ban Frsncls It Is evident that the railroad officials ot the country have virtually determined In their own minds that there shall be a gen eral Increase of freight rstes, and Second Vice President Psul Morton ot the Santa Fa haa been selected to break the news to the country. In this proposed movement we sea the results ot tha general railroad consolidation which has been taking place and which makes possible a policy which would have been Impossible without It. Nevertheless, the time has long passed when railroad corporations could claim the right to tsz tha traffic ot tha country at their own diacretlon, and a proposal to In crease the taxation by railroad corporations Is as legitimate a subject for public discus sion as a proposal to Increase taxation by government. Tha question ot what consti tutes a "reasonable rate" for transporta tion is sufficiently difficult when confined to one comomdlty between two points. When considered In connection with a proposal to make a general Increase It Involves the preliminary determination of the capital upon which, upon the average, It Is "reas onable" that a road should earn revenue. This, again, brings up the question ot the method ot valuation, which has vexed tha courts for many years that Is, whether tha "value" of a road shall be taken at Its book cost of construction, its "book cost" less losses by bad Judgment or peculation, the cost ot reproduction, Its probable future earning capacity, or soma combination ot all these elements. , Without discussing this most complex fit subjects, there is one thing which may be taken for granted: So long as tha net In come of a railroad system steadily Increases the roads can only Justify themselves to STORIES OF TOM OCHILTREE. gome Told by Hlmaelf Some Told by Others. Colonel Tom Ochiltree, a noted horse man, raconteur and rounder, "passed over the range" a few days ago at the age ot 62. The colonel's life was as varied and exciting as a Texan could hope for, and his wit, which sparkled In stories enough to fill a volume, wss a source of unfailing pleasure to his numerous associates. Tom won his title ot colonel in the confederate service. He was United States marshal ot Texas under Grant, represented a district of that state in congress, was the publisher of two newspapers over thirty years ago and since then circulated between New York, London and Paris. In 1867 the colonel was editor and pub lisher of the Houston Telegraph. He went to New Tork with letters of Introduction to prominent people there and then took a run over to Paris. While in tha French capital he became a fast friend of James Gordon Bennett the elder. Colonel Ochil tree could not see that It was possible for any metropolitan newspaper to outshine his Texas newspaper; so when Mr. Bennett ca bled 2,000 words to his paper of the open ing of the Paris exposition. In 1867, Colonel Ochiltree asked that the dispatch be du plicated to the Houston Telegraph. - That was to show 'the Frenchmen that as an editor he was Just as big as the next. Cable rates were high In those days and the cost of the dispatch was a severe drain on the resources of the Houston Telegraph. Three days after It had been sent Colonel Ochiltree got word that the dispatch had been paid for, but as a result the paper had suspended publication '. . After President Grant had appointed Ochiltree as a United States marshal in Texas the president was puzzled to account for reports of the colonel being In Long Branch, In Baltimore, In Saratoga and everywhere except In Texas. The president began to wonder if Ochiltree really lived In the district In which ha had been ap pointed. "Oh, that's easily explained. Mr. Presi dent," said the colonel. "I'm not tha Tom Ochiltree those fellows are talking about. He Is a race horse that John Chamberlain named after me." And It was a fact. Colonel Ochiltree's father was on tha bench In Texas at one time, and In pursu ance of his duties was required to travel on horseback for many weeks to complete the circuit. Prior to one of these Journeys his son protested that, it ha was not made a member of the firm ha would no longer take care of his father's business. It was a fair "kick," the elder Ochiltree thought, and he appointed hla heir to ba hla part ner and told him to have a sign made an nouncing the change In the formation of the firm. Ochiltree, sr., was somewhat surprised upon his return to read across the full front of tha shanty In which he had his office the announcement: "Thomas Ochil tree and Father." While In London on one occasion Colonel Ochiltree reviewed, the first performance ot Mrs. T. P. O'Connor's play, "A Lady from Texas." Like the colonel himself, the crit icism was unique. It opened with a review of Ochiltree's congressional career, and then went on to say: "With such recollections surging on me, It la Impossible tor me to speak of tha play with the coolness of the average man, and though I have been many things I have never been a dramatlo critic, and cannot ba expected to have reached that state of bore dom which makes that wearied type of journalist the least easy to please." Then he wrote a glowing tribute to the play and the actress, winding up with, "But, then, Mrs. O'Connor and I came from Texas." Although Colonel Ochiltree once Indig nantly denied In court that he ever played poker, It has always gone the rounds that the auburn-haired Texan liked to take a hand. He once acknowledged that in former days he was one of the best "players that ever flipped a card, and ha says that a cal amity befell htm once, and that waa during his congressional term. He had had a phenomenal run of luck in Washington, but the tide of battle Anally turned and he went up against It with a party of southern representatives. In re lating to sympathetic friends the next day the circumstances of tha game, the colonel admitted: "I lost Just $5,000 last night. But the worst of It waa that IS of It waa In cash." Colonel Ochiltree rolled Into the Fifth Avenue hotel one day and began talking with former Senator Wilbur 8. Saunders of Montana. ' "Ah! Senator," ha aald, "I aee my old frlenda In the senate are standing by their guns. What a horrible mistake the gold bugs made when they counted on tiring out the sliver senators! Why, 'Ed' Wolcott and 'Eanta CUua' Stewart and Jones and the rest of them were never known to go to bed until I or I o'clock In the morning. I've plsyed poker with I hem for twenty hours at a stretch, and then you bad to keep your eyes peeled or they would freeze you out. I tell you when you try te put that crowd to sleep you have undertaken the biggest Job a man aver had on his bands. I'll bet on the poker crowd every trip." "I guess you're right, colonel," replied Senator Saunders, who knsw a little about co Chronicle. the public by a complete expose, which It Is In their power to make, but which cannot be made by any outsider, of their financial history and condition and by af firmatively showing that stockholders' money, actually Invested and prudently ad ministered, Is not produring for Its owner such a revenue as a competent and im partial judge would call "reasonable." Wa ara convinced that this cannot be done. Railroad accounts ara notoriously Juggled by placing the cost of betterments In run ning expenses. From the standpoint of the financier this may be commendable, as showing conservative management and financial strength. It may be also claimed that by this method tha "water" tn the atock Is gradually squeeied out by tha In troduction of hard cola. That, however, la only taking from the public money whlAi It ought not to pay and placing It where It may pay unearned dividends to stock holders In the future. It Is a device well calculated to deceive the publlo as to the ral earning of a railroad. Taking Mr. Morton's own road as an ax ample. It la now regularly paying alt In terest on Its bonds. 5 per cent dividends on Its preferred stock, and 4 per cent on Its common stock of f 102,000.000, which, on Its reorganised basis, may ba aafely as sumed to ba largely water. The net earn lngs of the system have been regularly Increasing from 116,860,217 in 1899 to 126, 703,234 In 1901. There was an Increase over this in 1902. The Southern Pacific company's returns show an equally uni form Increase, which they seek to keep down by charging betterments to expenses. While these conditions continue an Increase of freight rates would be robbery. the game himself. "Wolcott never sleeps. as ior jones, 1 believe be can go a year without winking." One day he was criticising tha adminis tration of Mayor Strona- of Nnw Vnru n said the mayor had shown poor Judgment- ana ms rauit in this respect reminds me of Senator Jones' dog story," ha went on. "A fellow out in Nevada, you know, had a dog a bulldog, a fierce-looking brute which his owner said w th. fighter In tha atate. One day a aettler paseed through the town. Under his prairie wagon trotted a mansv cup. Th hi,iM saw him and started to eat him up. When the fight was over tha cur was not much tna worse for It, but tha bulldog was a wreck. " 'I though your dog was a great fighter, Senator Jones V said the owner of the cur. " "Well, was tha reply, 'he's a great fighter, but he's a poor Judge of dogs.' " A Chicago liar tried tn nut An rntnn.t Ochiltree one dav. He aald ha hrf i,a . turned from the Carlsbad Springs, where ha nan experienced a miraculous cure. You don't say?" said the colonel. "Yes. Indeed." rambled on tha CM...A liar. "You see. I waa aufferinr from complaint and after consulting tha greatest pnysiciana in America I decided to n Carlsbad." "Humph! I never sunnosed ton tnoV n stock In water," said Ochiltree, scornfully. "Neither I do. when It Is nlln nut 1 carried a flask of fine old Bourbon In my In side pocket and When I reached the famnna springs I kinder diluted the water so as to disguise Its taste, and, will you believe me, the following morning I was entirely cured and when I woke up I found myself tha possesor of a brand new liver." "Bab!" that's nothing." Colonel "Tom" ejaculated. "If you'll believe me " "Sure," yelled half a dozen listeners. "If you'll believe me." continued tha Texan, unperturbed. "I had a liver eom plalnt the worst way and was a perfect martyr before I went to Texas to try to get cured. "While there I met a man who hail a new brand ot pills known as tha American Liver and Light Cure. Being a firm believer In American remedies. I nurehased a alnala pill, took It, and almost instantly possessed a un nver witn eiectrto light kidneys. Home Industries! gentlemen, home Indus tries " but they led him away to tha cafe. Colonel Ochiltree had many friends In both bouses of congress and frequently spent weeks In Washington when congress waa In session. One night he waa Bitting In a hotel talking with several friends. Includ ing Senator Hearst of California. Senator Hearst told a pathetic story of his overland trip to California In the days long before the war. He aald he and his companions suffered many hardships, lacked food and frequently were In distress from lack ot water. One day; when Mr. Hearst was feeling that he would die unless he had a drink, he, with his party, passed slong a trail near a ranch house. A young red haired boy ran up to them with a tin pail of water. Ha handed It to Mr. Hearst. "The water waa eold and fresh," said Mr. Hearst, In telling the story, "and I never had a draught that did me so much good and for which I was so grateful. Many and many a time have I thought of that red haired boy and wished I could see him In order to tell him how grateful I wss and reward him. I'd give $10,000 It I could sea him now," the senator added earnestly. Colonel Ochiltree arose and bowed. "Senator," be said, "you have a chance to realize your dream and to show your grati tude. I was that red haired boy." PERSONAL NOTES. Mr. Frlck and Mr. Carnegie ara en gaged in deadly strife as to who can give away the most money. A Brown university studsnt ones had the audacity to ask Prof. Caswell whether his name would not be as well without tha C. New York will soon have a distinguished visitor la the person of tha due do Riche lieu. Ha will apend aeveral months In this country. Civil Engineer Robert B. Peary, the Arc tic explorer, baa been ordered to tempo rary duty In the bureau of yards and docks, Nsvy department, Washington. A pool room for women was raided tha other day Id New York and sixteen players were arrested, "six ot whom," say tha re ports, "were over SO yeara old." Postmaster General Payna forbids fe male clerks In his department to marry. He possesses greater courage than Gen eral Corbln, who merely suggested that young army officers remain single. Alard Sheck military attache of the German embassy In Washington, Is said to owe hla appointment to hla close re semblance to President Roosevelt, the Ger man emperor having remarked thla and auggested the brilliant young officer for the billet. A good many of tba very rich young men of New York are among tha busiest people belonging to Manhattan Island. For Instance, Cornelius Vsnderbilt and "Jack" Astor are continually at work Inventing something or other, Harry Payna Whitney takes a deep Interest in his father's busi ness, George Gould Is up te his waist In big affairs all the time, Clarence Mankay la carrying on hla father's extensive enter prises and J. P. Morgan, Jr., finds ample occupation la representing hla father la London. Rt'liAL FREB DELIVERY. General Esteaelan ( the Servlc, Re garded as A OHilitr. Chicago Tribune, Th officiate of the rostofflce department look forward now te the extension of rural free delivery throughout tha antlra United States. They have made their estimates aa to what It will cost to deliver letters on every American farm or plantation In tha sparsely tattled and thickly settled parts of tha country. Tha roat will not be trifling. To deliver every rural American hie mall will take about 134.000,000 a year. Should the present aervlce ba extended at tha rata of 12.000 routea a year nntll tha 700,000 square mllet of territory yet to ba covered nave been taken cara of, there will ba for aeveral years an annual deficit Is postal revenue of from $8,000,006 to $10,000,000. The deflolt will. It Is asserted, disappear gradually as tha revenues Increase by rea son of the Improved postal facilities. Not many year ago rural free delivery was a questionable sort of experiment. Tha farmers, for wboss benefit It was Intended, did not In all quarters take kindly to It. They are not eager seekers after novelties, and the Idea of abandoning tha customary trip to the village postofflce for tnall, a trip which gave them a welcome opportunity to -gossip with neighbors and discuss aropa and elections, was not altogether attractive to them. But they appreciate fully now the advantages of the new departure. There la an Increasing pressure for the establish ment of rural routes, and tha representa tives of a country district who cannot se cure something In this lino for hla con stituents runs the risk of losing hla pepu larlty. So strong Is the pressure for rural free delivery that the Postoffloe department offi cials are not dealing with a remote question when they prepare estimate of tha grosa cost of a complete rural service. But while tha cost will be large It will not frighten Americans. Indeed, they are In the habit of looking unmoved on much larger appropriations for far less useful purposes. It may well ba that when the letter carrier makes his trips to every farmer' gate the farmers will make a more ex tensive use of th malls than they do now, and that the revenues of tha department will expand as they have In the past when ever better facilities have been provided. Even If tola were not to be the case, the "general welfare" will b promoted by an expenditure which brings tha farmers of the United States Into closer touch with the busy world, from which most of them are so far removed. A DODGING EXPLANATION. Railroad Ofllclala Trying to Jnatlfy the Freight Rata Grah. Minneapolis Times. Railway officials do not ' deny the pro posed Increase In freight rates and natu rally feel called upon to make soma defense or to offer some explanation. The latest and most widely used explana tion (T) Is to the effect that when the lead ing western railway companies were found out In their evasion or disobedience of tha law that requires all freight rates to ha open and published, or, rather, forbids tha giving of special rates to one man that ara not available to another there were many secret tariffs In existence, that they were compelled to publish these secret tariffs, that this publication made them common property and in effect the ruling rates, that It is proposed to withdraw all these secret tariffs evaalon or disobedience ot tha law being no longer possible and to issue new ones that shall control generally. Granting that all this is true, wherein la the Justice of raising tha rates to the basts ot January 1 of this year when It Is patent to everyone that all the railways under tha operation of the lower or secret tariffs are 1 making more money than ever before, are spending more In bet terments than ever was dreamed of. feel Justified la Increasing their obliga tions by many millions, do not hesitate In some Instances to water their stock enor mously, knowing that htgh dividends eaa rtill be paid on the Increased aggregate? Wherein la the publlo service with which these roads are charged conserved by rail way managers whose sole purpose seems to be to make all tha hay possible while the sun of prosperity shines? When prosperity's sun Is clouded or sets we will be told, as aforetime, that rates must be raised or at least kept as htgh as the traffic will bear because of the changed conditions, the tightness of money and the reduction In shipments. POINTED REMARKS. Detroit Free Press: Political Orator What Is the crying need of the United States? I ask you sgain, what Is the crying need? Man In the Crowd Paregoric! Washington Star: "80 you were held up by bandits?" "Yes, and that Isn't the worst of It. They simply took my money without detaining me long enough to give me a start as a magazine writer or a lecturer." Philadelphia Press: Tess I don't see how she can be happy with a man like him. Jess Oh! but she says he's another man since he's, been married. Brooklyn Life: "Well," aald Noah, as he hunted for a dry spot on tha top of Ararat, "a lot of people came down to the pier to Josh ua when we started, but I don't see any of them around to poke fun at our horoe-comlng." 1 Yonkera Statesman: Bacon You say aha has just got her third divorce? Kpbert Yes she la an enigma.' "That is why her husband gave her up, I auppose." Chlcak-i Tribune: "Colonel, would you mind telling me how you made your first $l.fiO?" "Not at all. I made it by attending strictly to buslnesa my own business, you know. Chicago Tribunes Tha purchaaar of the eligible town lots just Inside tha city limit went out to Inspect his property. He looked at the spacious pond that cov ered his land, and listened awhile to the hoarae muHlo of the bullfrogs. "Yes, darn you!" he exclaimed, "you're right. I'm a 'chump, chump, chump! " Washingt n Star: "You have tha assur ance to cot. plain that money was Illegiti mately used In that election T'1 "Certainly," answered Senator Sorghum. "They violated every principle of honor, They told the voters to take my money and keep It, and then come around and gat ae much mora for voting their way." SHB DIDN'T KNOW WHAT TO DO. little Folk There waa a little girl perhaps yott kg The little maiden s name, For maids In country and In town Are apt to be tha same; She went to brd at o'clock And slept tha whole night through. But when the morning came she said She didn't know what to dot She went downstairs and breakfasted, With many a frown and pout. And quarreled with the servant, while She ordered them about; She made her little brother cry, Then cried herself she knew She'd have no fun that day, because Bhe didn't know what to do! She had more dnlla than you could count. She had a hundred toys. And book shelves tilled with handsome books For little girls and boys. And dainty dinner sets and game To play with one or two; But yet she wouldn't play, because She didn't know what to do! 80 all day long, from morn till night, Thla little maid would sigh And mope and fret about tha house, And say she didn't know why She never could have any fun Like Utile BJstar Sue Because, with all her pretty things. aba didn't know what to dot 1