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TITE"" OMATTA DAILY BEE: FIUPAY, FEBHTJATIT 27, 1003.
Tin ctmaha Daily Bee. E. ROSKWATER, EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Dally Bee (without Sunday). One Year..W.OO V'Hy Bee and tjumUy, One Year 6 0) Illustrated lice, One tear 2 Sunday bee. One Year Baturnay lire, one Year Twentieth Century Farmer, One Year., l.tw DELIVERED BY CARRIER. Dally Pee (without Sunday), per copy ... 2c Daily Bee (without Sunday), per weelc.l-o Dally Bee (Including: Sunday), per weeli..lic Sunday Bee, per copy o Evening tee (without Sunday), per week 80 livening Bee (including Sunday), per week .........10c Complaint of Irregularities In delivery should be addressed to City Circulation De partment. OFFICES. Omaha The Bee Building. South Omatia City Hall Building, Twenty-fifth and M Streets. Council Bluffa 10 Pear! Street. Chicago 164o Unity Building. New York 232S Park Row Building. Washington 6U1 F iurteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. Communication relating to news and ed itorial matter should be addreaaed: Omaha Bee, Editorial Department. 1 REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or postal order, payable to The Bee Publishing Company. Only J-cent stamps accepted In payment or mall accounts. Personal checks, except on Omaha or eastern exchange, not accepted. THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. Ctate of Nebraska, Douglaa County, as.: George B. Tzschuck, secretary of Ibe ee Publishing company, being duly sworn. says that the actual number of full and complete coplss of The Dally, Morning, Evening and Sunday Beo printed dm ins the month or January, l'fl. waa as follows: 1 80,420 17 w,ow jg,, 2S.02O t 80,3BO I.. 4.. I.. .. 7.. I., t.. 10.. 11.. 1!.. 11.. ,.80,T0 1 20 51 22 23 24 25 26 .80,540 ...8S.M0B .. .80.500 ...80..120 . .3,5-0 ...S0.4UO ...30.4MI ...30,530 ...8H, TOO ...ao.noo ...30,550 ...3.r30 .. .81,550 ...80,440 ...8o.w:w ... 30,750 ...S.S.H50 ...30,878 ...30.5TO 27. 28 3O.S40 2y 30,630 30. BO,6TO U ao.ttlO 14 3O.4W0 It 80.STO IS u,TO - Total 041.483 Leaa unsold and returned copies.... Net total sales "SAI Net average salee 80.051 GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK. Subscribed In my presence and sworn to before me this 31t day of January. A. . M. B. HUNOAT-. (.Seal.) 1 ' Notary Publld. Benator-elect Smoot Is Just beslunlng to learn wbat a bad man' he is. By the way, what has become . of Dare Mercer's great bridge that was to connect South Omaha ' and- Lake Manawa? When a farmer member is picked out by the railroad lobby to head the rail road committee, , It may be safely as Sumedthat the lobby1 knew what it was about. Every member of the legislature must go on record on the Tltol issue of rail road taxation. The roll call will show which is more potent the people or the railroads. Municipal ownership sentiment Is growing. That Is the only construction that can be placed on the widespread Interest In the municipal ownership con vention now in session in New Yonc city. The story has been revived that King Leopold of Belgium will visit the United States, probably about Easter time. This 1 hould glvo the American actresses time to spruce up for the royal visitor whose weakness is known to lie that way. Nebraska should participate In the St Louis exposition with a creditable exhibit of Its resources and products. To do this, however. It Is not necessary to erect a building to servo as a loafing place for supernumeraries on the pay roll. The failure of the passage of the statehood bill means that the present membership of the senate and the next house will govern the numerical strength of the next electoral college, so that figuring on the result may begin at once. t - I ' JS And now a Nebraska man has con tributed to the national conscience fund by sending $10 to Secretary of the Treasury Shaw. If no contributions came to It except from Nebraska the concience fund would not burden the treasury. With an aggregate state debt of nearly $2,000,000, the present Nebraska legislature would scarcely be Justified in Increasing the appropriations for the next two years by more than half t million above the appropriations for the last two years. Tbe offer of a Mexican millionaire to pay off the country's foreign debt is probably not so much an act of patriot ism as a business proiKjsltlou to transfer the interest payments from the pockets of foreign landholders to tire coffers of the gonerous philanthropist. Congressman ' le Armoud wants - to know what Oreat Britain would think of a proposition to release Canada for annexation to the United States. If there is anyone in congress who has deceived himself into the idea that Great Britain would regard any such proposi tion with favor he must be deaf, dumb and blind. The efforts of the Herman goverumeut to discredit American meats under pre tense that they are treated with pre servatives that are not herlthful is too gauzy and transparent If the United States resorted .to such flimsy excuses for discriminating against German pro duct we would hear from It very quickly. . . The Interstate Commerce commlssl6n las figured out that the market value of the railway securities issued against all tbe railroads in the United States aggregate $H,3M.103,5:i. It would be Interesting to know how much the rail roads pay tu taxes on this immense cap lullratiou and how much more they would have to pay if all tbe railroad property were taxed on the Mania basis and at the aama rate as other property VOXtlDCXCE l!T THK PRK9 IDEXT, We noted a few days ago the state ment of the New York Coinuien'liil tlint th ww power conferred upon the pres ided, of the I'nlted StnU-s, In the (Tril lion of the bureau of corporations In the new Department of Commerce and Labor, is tremendous and might lie em ployed to destroy corporations at the will of the thief executive. We ex pressed the opinion that there was no substantial ground for any fenr of this kind and thut certainly so far as Pres ident Iloosevelt Is concerned lie can be depended upon to exercise the authority given him with enre and conservatism, having consideration alike for what Is due to the public and what Is just to the corporations. We are glad to soy that our New York contemporary has faith in the good Judgment of Mr. Roosevelt nud that Its apprehension was simply In regard to some future president who might be especially antagonistic to the corpora tions and bent upon destroying them. In the Inst Issue of that paper at. hand It confesses entire confidence that Pres ident Roosevelt will not use the law to unjustly deal with the corporations and no one who has a proper estimate of the president will expect him to do more than require that the law shall be properly enforced. It cannot be too clearly understood that Mr. Roosevelt Is not muklng war upon the corpora tions. He has repeatedly said that the policy to be pursued In regard to them should not be one of destruction. What he aims to accomplish Is the elimina tion of that which is bad and the pres ervation of that which Is good. The policy ho urges Is remedial and not rev olutionary. It is not to be doubted that when the bureau of corporations has been. organ ized the law will U fully carried ut and no corporation that Is complying with existing law and Is dealing honestly nnd fairly with the public bos anything to fear from this. On the contrary every such corporation will be made stronger by the. fact that the government investi gation has shown It to be on a sound basis and worthy of public confidence. It Is not corporations of this character that are fearful of -the consequences of the new law providing for their in vestigation, , but. only ' such as cannot stand the light of publicity. President Ropsevelt is most .heartily in favor of whatever will , conserve the business interests and th prosperity of the country. HJs opposition to monop olistic combinations whtch contravene the laws is earnest and sincere but he does not Intend a warfare upon all cor porations that Would be destructive of business and prosperity... The law will be enforced. That can be confidently predicted. But it will be done discreetly and conservatively, ao that all Interests shall be properly cared for. AS TO CUMPliLSORr AHBITKATIOIT. A bill has been introduced in the legis lature of Pennsylvania providing for compulsory arbitration in controversies between labor and capital. It Is not at all probable that tbe measure will pass, but it is interesting as renewing Inter est in the question of arbitration be tween capital and labor, which we need hardly say is one of the -very greatest importance. We think that every in telligent man who has glyen aay atten tion to this overshadowing question must have reached the conclusion that In order to preserve industrial-peace it Is absolutely essential that a way shall be found to submit disputes', 'between capital nnd labor to arbitration. The difficulty, is to devise a practicable plan one that will be satisfactory to all concerned. Neither labor nor capital in this country is favorable to a com pulsory system. Whenever it has been seriously proposed it has been met with an overwhelming opposition. The Civic Federation, organized to promote in dustrlul peace, is on record in opposl tion to the Idea of compulsory arbltra tion. The leaders of organized labor, without exception, are opposed to that policy. It has advocates, who strenu ously urge that In po other way is it possible to maintain industrial peace, but these are so greatly In the minority that despite the ability with which they argue their cause they exert very little influence upon public sentiment and so far as organized labor Is con cerned seem to make no. Impression whatever. Yet It must be admitted that there Is no subject today before the Anlerican people of greater Interest or moment than that relating to the future con ditlons between capital and labor, in comparison with tills all our foreign relations and everything respecting our insular possessions Is of minor conse quence. The Industrial and fominerclal progress of the country,, our financial weirare ana jne wen-neg or our people as a whole, all dppeud upon such relations between capital and labor as will insure Industrial peace and keep in constant operation and activity tbe agencies that are necessary to Industrial progress and prosperity. Every discussion of this very" impor tant question must have a tendency to bring about the solution of one of the most perplexing problems connected with, juoderu ..' industrial conditions. Thiere seems noV to be no possibility that we shall jever have compulsory arbitration In tails. country, but there Is reason to think that hereafter both capital and lalor will be letter in clined than la. the past to submit their differences to arbitration. In a letter to the Washington Pjst Senator est explains the authorship of tin- r.utl tmt-t act in 1!0, known as the Miermuu law. Simply as a contribu tion to history his statement is valuible. U npitcars t he t while Johu Sherman n ported an anti-trust bill from tbe sen ate lmine' committee that measure was afterward wholly changed, baring met with strong opjiositlon in tbe senate,' so that aa a matter of fact Sherman la not entitled to the entire credit for that le;J!ntlnn. According to Senator Vest, lion. (Jeorge 1'. IMnninils' had more to 1 lo " it;i the framing of the existing law ihnu anyltodv else, he Isng at that time the chairman of the Judiciary com mittee, of which laTr. Vest was u uiem- ber. It Is ix-rbflpa not a mutter of very great linitortiince and yet It Is well to have the credit for this valuable legis lation placed where It proiterly belongs. a .Mr cracks is thk'wall. Spite legislation to gratify revenges and avenge fancied or real grievances has seldom proved a paying investment and this applies especially to charter- making aud municipal reform legisla tion. Charters framed to promote fac tional Interests at the expense of the whole community rarely fall- to prove disastrous to the men whom they are designed to benefit nnd quite often prove advantageous to the men whom they were Intended to Injure. Raising the salaries of positions tem porarily occupied by political cronies and favorites and lowering the salaries of offices temporarily filled by offensive part'sans does not strike the impartial citizen very favorably. Nor does the transfer and distribution of appoint ments and employments from the legiti mate aud responsible head of govern ment to the ward representatives promise any betterment in the public service. On the contrary, it simply means rings within rings and a give- nnil take system of spoils under pretext of smashing the machine. The king is dead long live the king. When the old machine Is in the scrap heap, the new mnchlne Is lubricating Its, running gear. The change of machines does not necessarily mean the purifica tion of the government. It simply means that a new lot of ple-blters have wedged their way Into' the places occu pied by the old pie-biters. If the Omaha delegation in the legis lature can turn Its back on the city hall for Just a few liK.iutes nnd turn its face to thecourt house. It might perceive a few cracks in the wall that need patch ing. For example, they might see that wide crack that allows all the interest on county funds to leak out into the unknown and unknownble, while the city funds in bank depositories are drawing 2 per cent Interest. If the delegation were ' disposed to look" a little further It might discover the crack through which about $3,000 a year is lost by the looseness of the law that permits the county commis sioners to pay 45 cents a day for feed ing prisoners in the county Jail, while prisoners in the city Jail receiving the same kind of rations are fed for 16 cents per ,day. If the .delegation would look still further .It might also discover other cracks in the court house by which salaried.", officers manage to ladle out comfortable incomes on the aide ' be cause tp law does not ppeciflcally re quire t Mm to account for Interest on funds . fift which they are trustees. Comptroller Westberg, who has never been very' backward in coming forward, declared himself heartily in favor of municipal ownership of water works at the Prospect Hill Improvement club meeting, but advises caution in the pur chase of some of the other franchisee! corporations until they have reached a stage of progress such as that attained by the water works plant. What the explosive comptroller menus by his com parative "state of progress" nobody but a mind reader can divine. How big must a francblsed corporation be be fore the city would be Justified in buy ing it out or building a plant of its own, If it cannot be. bought out at a reasonable price? Take for example tbe Electric Lighting company, which now supplies light and power for Omaha without a legal franchise. Why should not the city either acquire pos session of Its plant by purchase or build a plant of its own which will sup ply cheaper power and cheaper light to the city and to private consumers? Republicans of Lincoln have Just had an experience with a primary election apparently carried by ballots cast by non-registered voters on perjured certWoates which has doubtless opened tneir eyes to tlie possibilities of the case- and made them realize better how the primaries In Omaha were carried last fall by the Mercernarles. Out of some 2.1500 votes more than 900 came from men who swore they had ueg lected to register because of sickness or absenre from the city, while In one district fifty votes more were polled at the primary than were polled by repub lican candidates at the last election That the certlrtcate loophole Is the avenue for grossest fraud both in pri maries and elections Is too plain to re quire explanation. The law ought to lie amended to provide agolnst such fniisuse of the election machinery. though It Is not to be expected that lieneficiaries of such practices either in Lincoln or In Omaha will lead the way. Acting on the suggestion of The Bee, Senator Hall has Introduced a bill de signed to shut down 011 the shameless trading of school board patronage by whicb the payrolls of the schools have been loaded down with 'sisters, cousins and aunts of lioard members and null rather than merit made the passport to appointment aud promotion. Nothing has done so much to demoralise the teaching force of our public schools and to retard their progress as the flagrant nepotism practiced by school boards in the past. There should not be a single vote recorded against Senator Hall's bill. The unusual activity that has re cently prevailed among the) various im provement clubs, north, south, east and west. Is by no means altogether due to popular interest In revenue legislation. The presence of political candidates for city offices and their generou contribu- tion of disinterested advice Justifies tbe suspicion that these spontaneous gath erings have become grinding places for political axes. If the opeu door is the right thing for all who may desire to furnish Omaha with electric power, why Is not the open door policy equally good for all who may wish to supply Omaha with telephone service? It would take sev eral millions to establish a power plant. It will take less than a quarter of a million to establish a first-class telephone service. The Howell-tJUbert water bill may be drawn with the purpose of forcing acquisition of the water works under the purchase clause of the contract but that does not prove that the city would not fare better if it proceeded through Its right of eminent domain. It will devolve on the water board to see that the city does not get the worst of it Twelve governors have already ac cepted invitations to participate in the dedication exercises of the St.. Louis exposition, April 30. With so many governors brought together at onetime. Invitations to imitate tbe governor of North Carolina" and the governor of South Carolina may Itecome altogether too common. A bill has been introduced In the legislature to enlarge the powers of the county surveyor . of Lancaster county. Why not also enlarge the powers of the county surveyor of Douglas and every other county that expends thousands of dollars aunfinlly for roadways . and bridges. Speak Loader, William. Cincinnati Enquirer (dem.) The announcement that William J. Bryan will not be a candidate for a nomination for president In 1904 does not fully cover the ground. Being a candidate Is some thing of a technical situation. A Study In Figures. Chicago News. Mr. Cortelyou thinks about $600,000 will run his office in nice shape. Congress had supposed $30,000 would do the job. That is a good deal, like tBe experlenoe of the average man who goes on a vacation. Worrr Without Rcaaoau . Washington Post. . . s There Is no occasion for worry over an Increase In United States senators from the west. . Notwithstanding tbe large ma jority from the west and the south, tbe gentlemen from New England continue to control .that august body. Some Rubbish Left, ' St. Louis Globe-Democrat. . It Is Intimated that the legislature com mittee Investigating the get-rich-qulck concerns In' this state Is ready to report "a deplorable condition of things." The public la prepared to hear that the locks are all right and the stable empty. Repudiating; the Bond. - -Chicago. Chronicle. Refusal .of .Geramny and Great Britain to give up the captured Venesuelan vessels in accordance wittfthe terms oftthe proto cols furnishes a. singular instance of na tional sbamelessnese. Will any power dare to trust agreements whicb these precious allies may make In future? ' Another Saueese Promised, . Cleveland Leader. The anthracite mine operators, it Is said, will seek to make the public pay higher prices for coal during next winter to make up the losses occasioned by the strike and to compensate for a possible increase in the wages of miners. The public will have to submit There la no way In which to get relief from extortion. Great Chnnares Do Happen. Indianapolis News. The fact that Colonel Humphrey of the Quartermaster's department who, at 81 honey, told Colonel Roosevelt of the Rough Riders to "go to the devil," will soon be tinder obligations to President Roosevelt for an appointment as quartermaster gen eral. Is an example of what great changes may happen in a very short time In this country. Indeed, It Is very difficult for anybody to know whom he may kick with safety. Paaslnar of the Story Tellers. Atlanta Constitution. Two of tbe best story-tellers In the sea ate will return to private life with the passing of this congress. George Graham Vest of Missouri, whose wit and stories have enlivened the cloak .'.rooms for the last twenty years, will end his public ca reer, and at tbe same time John P. Jones of Nevada will retire. While Senator Vest was brilliant on tbe floor, be waa wlttfsst In the smoking room. When surrounded by a group' of appreciative listeners, he would tell stories -and make Jests by the bour. Senator Jones also has not kept his fun under a bushel. He Is extremely se rious and profound In debate, but In a free-and-easy discussion In the cloakroom bia quaint humor Is second to that of no member of tbe senate. AMEDED BAXKRl'PTCY LAW. Features of the Measare Recently Passed by Congress. Harper's Weekly. A measure' of great Importance to busi ness men end lawyers and, indeed, to tho whole community ts the bill which waa signed by the president on Februcry 5, and by which the bankruptcy law of 1898 was materially amended. We observe. In the first place, 'hat by the new law preferred creditors of a person who soon afterwards becomes a bankrupt are not debarred from having other claims passed upon by a fail ure to surrender tbe amount received. In pursuance of a decision of the United Slates supreme court, a preferred creditor may now retain the amount paid, provided, o course, the payment was not fraudulent, while st tbe same tl.ne. as regards debts unpaid, he will share the rlghta of other creditors. Another Important amendment provides that the appointment of a re ceiver for an Insolvent corporation shall be deemed an art of bankruptcy, entitling tbe creditors to choose their own trustee. Among tbe objections to a discharge which are Included In the new law la the giving of a falae mercantile statement, or the proof that a voluntary bankrupt has sought te go through bankruptcy more than once la alx years. The bill Just enacted also adds to the Hat of debts from which bankrupt csnnot be relieved by a discbarge in bankruptcy. Among these additions are debts to wife and children, and alimony also any sum due under a Judicial decision to a aeduced woman or for tbe support of P Illegitimate child. We note, finally, that the llLt of corporations permitted to go isto voluntary bankruptcy will hereafter Include mining corporations, and that the fee of referees an1 trustees are to be In creased on an average by about M per cent of tbe fees btlberU allowed by law. FEATT'RES or LOTTERT IF.tlMO. Oh I -i jo News: The supreme court Jus tices have themselves taken pains to Indi cate that their decision must not be con strued too broadly, but the point raised la none the less suggestive. The prohibitive features of the Hoar and Llttleneld bills are not likely to be enacted Into law at an early day and the new derision will hare no direct practical Influence on national legislation. It serves to show, however, that the exact extent of the powers of con gress In this matter has yet to be tested. Springfield Republican: The decision of the United States supreme court upholding the constitutional power of congress to pro hibit the sending of lottery tickets from one state to another Is an Important one, especially In view ol the current conten tion that congress would have no power to force state corporations and combinations of corporations under federal regulation on penalty of being excluded from lnteratate commerce. The court rests Us lottery de cision on the right of the national govern ment to regulate commerce between the states. Buffalo Express: The decision Is espe cially Interesting, however. In again defin ing the right of congress to regulate com merce between the states. If congress can forbid the transportation of lottery tickets by express companies it would seem to be strictly within Its power to forbid the trans portation of any products. This has an Im portant bearing on the trust question. One of the provisions of the LittleBeld anti trust bill, which has been passed by the house, is that any corporation falling to make certain reports may be restrained, en suit of the United States, from engaging In Interstate commerce until such returns are made. In view of the decision given It can be confidently expected that the su preme court will uphold this provision of the Littlcfleld bill, if It becomes law. Kansas City Star: The opinion clearly gives congress the power to prevent Inter state transportation of commodities re garded as Injurious to the people, but does it also recognize Its power to prevent the distribution, by Interstate traffic, of articles of necessity when the methods of distribu tion are held to be injurious to the public? The point Is one of Importance. It may Involve the constitutionality of some of the anti-trust legislation enacted by con gress In the current session, and it would have some effect on further efforts to con trol by federal laws the abuses of Inter state traffic. It has come to he regarded as necessary that congress ahall have a larger hand In the regulation of Industry and commerce by the enactment of better laws within Its present powers, or, if those powers are not sufficient, then under neces sary amendments to the constitution. Meanwhile the decisions of the supreme court hearing on the subject will be mat ters of vital public Interest. PERSONAL MOTES. Three hundred tunes have been submitted in a Rhode Island competition tor a new national hymn. A movement to erect a monument to General John A. Logan in Murhpysboro, m., bis birthplace, has Just been started. Senator Knute Nelson of Minnesota Is one of the most accomplished linguists in the senate. He speaks Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, German, French and English. Vlteglnald Vanderbllt refuses to obey tbe district attorney's summons In the gambling ase which cost him so much money. He Ainay find this an unprofitable game, too. Mrs. Roosevelt's gift, sent to tbe Dallas (Tex.) fair, brought $121 into tbe treasury and she received a personal note of thanks from Mrs. Calloway, one of tbe directors. In tbe cosmopolitan town of Chicago It ts said tbe population, gathered from almost every point on the globe, speaks more than forty dialects. In addltloa to the Chlcagoese. A tumbler of champagne placed on a side board la the cabin of the big Cedric tbe day tbe vessel left Liverpool was still In place when It reached New Tork and the steward says that not a drop wms spilled. This speaks volumes, not only for the steadi ness of Cedric, but for the abnegation of Its first bnncb of passengers. Dennis Kearney, once tbe sand lots orator of Ban FrancUco, has been put into a novel by Mrs. Fremont Older. Tbe book deals with anti-Chinese agitation in California and Kearney is much pleased with the pen portrait of himself. His daughter, who Is on the stage, is anxious to play the heroine's role In a dramatization of the bonk. Henrik Ibsen, the Norwegian author, loves to keep his hair In disorder. This is said to be bis one vanity. He always carries a little toilet case containing a looking glass and a comb, which are at tached to the lining of his gray bat. He will often remove bis hat to J 00k Into the mirror to sen bow bis hair la lying. It It is not rough enough to suit his fancy he uses the comb to give It the requisite tangle. Dr. 8arak lectured in Washington on "Occult Sciences" recently and gave some demonstrations of what could be done by mental concentration. Next day someone was telling in the senate cloakroom of these marvels. "Why," said the narrator, "I almost believe that man could smash a bottle by simply' concentrating his mind upon It." "That's nothing," said Senator Knooner blandly. "I've known men to think of a bottle and break a dollar." TUBS JCR1ST If POLITICS. Objections to tbe Political Invasion of the Jndlclnry. Kansas City Star. The protest of Justice W. W. Goodrich of the New Tork supreme court, against tbe Invasion of the field of the judiciary by tbe political managers in search of available candidates was made in good faith and good temper, and It ought to have a far reaching effect. Thla utterance was not necessarily Inspired by the assumed candi dacy of Alton B. Parker of New York for the democratic nomination for president, but It Is inevitable and proper that this special application should be made. How ever, the fruitless efforts of last yesr to secure a candidate for governor from tbe judiciary of New York state are still fresh enough In mind to be made the subject of such a protest, even It there were not plen tiful instances In other ststes. Justice Goodrich very truthfully says: "Tbe Judge who ts listening with ex pectant ear to the bee of political prefer ence buzzing In bis bonnet ia slready crip pled in his usefulness. Let us have no Ju dicial temptation to play to the galleries; no hungering after tbe flesbpots of Egypt, no opinions suggestive of the writer's view of his own availability as a candidate." This epitomizes tho objections to the po litical invasion of the Judiciary. Tbe courts of the land, especially those of higher of final resort, should be kept abso lutely free from the contaminating Influ ences of officeseeklng. It Is absolutely es sential to the well-being of the nation that the courts be kept pure, and that they In spire tbe awe and reverence of the people. They are ths tribunals of Justice. Tbey pass upon the application of the laws and upon ths laws themselves. They are sup posed to stsnd between the people and leg islative and government error, and they should and do command the confidence of tbe public. But ooce ths higher bench be comes a recognised stepping-stone to the lucratlce places of general politics, the prestige of the courts will suffer and tislr usefulness wUl be unpsired. ROl'ND ABOVT NEW TORK. Ripples on tho Tnrrent of Life In the Metropolis. A marked diversity of opinion on the question of "race suicide" exists among the ministers of New York and driclnlty. Rev. Dr. Copeland Myers of Brooklyn com mends the utterances of President Rpoae vclt on the subject, and declaresYthat "If the churches were not so easily'' shooked every conscientious and wise -''minister would hnve sounded the same note of warjp lng." Dr. Myers, however, thinks that Ure greater and more immediate problem It ttfef saving of the children already born. io deplored the prevalence of the child laba)r evil In the southern cotton mills, In tbe Pennsylvania, mining regionsand In New York. "All this' means." ie continued, "wreckage physically, morally and Intel lectually. America's future Is in It, for the i future Is In citizenship and character, not In money and machinery.. There Is another peril for another class' of children, the danger of being mangled by the Intellectual machinery. The mad rush of school, which j makes the children go to school before they ought to leave the cradle, and makes them graduate almost before they ought to leave tbe high chair, means shattered nerves and life. Church and state alike must rise to the overwhelming responsibility of saving the child. This is our hope there Is no other." J . Rev. John L. fccu-Hui- of frhe First Con gregations! church, Jerkey (flty, would have the state regulate not only yie size of fam ilies, but also ordain wt should and should not marry. He says: "The state should give licenses to marry only to those who are bealtby and fit to be fathers and mothers. Inveterate paupers, hopeless drunkards. Incorrigible criminals. Insane and idiotic people and such as are afflicted with consumption and other Ueases likely to injure the next generatlo'n sheuld be denied the privilege of wedlock. "A birth forbidden by law should be con strued as a criminal offense. The work man's ambition should be to rear two chil dren. Instead of ten. Let tbe rich have large famlliea, for they have the means to provide for them President Roosevelt can well afford to advocate a multitudinous household, for he gets a salary of $50,000 a year. I wonder bow be would enjoy bla own advice If he bad a dozen children and waa getting $2 a day. I claim tbe she of the family should be determined by the state ef the pocketbook." Strange thing sometimes happen In the dining room of- the Waldorf-Astoria, says the New York Press, but the appearance of a middle-aged man and a large dog there after midnight last week waa tbe prelude to an experience new in the bouse. The tardy guest was very anxious to keep tbe dog at the table with him and consented to a separation only when told that such an infraction of the rules could never be tol erated. Then tbe animal was led Into tbe ball and tied there while the waiters brought the tenderloin steak and mush rooms ordered by tbe owner. When they came the cause of the dog's presence was made evident. The beefsteak was for him, and. considering that it was so late and the res taurant nearly deserted, the bead waiter allowed the meat to be taken to the dog. But he regretted his weakness when, after tbe animal had finished his meal, the owner returned to tbe restaurant to remonstrate vociferously with him because tbe dog bad not got the mushrooms as ..well. Then he led tbe animal out into the night, after adding a new chapter to the annals of tbe restaurant. '. . '' , , , . -, , Washington's birthday' sJmalzed tbe be ginning of tbe work ctf . demolishing tbe an cient Hall of Records, In. the basement of whicb are the dungeons where revolution ary offloers were confined when the bujld ing was occupied by tbe British. Above the marble paved main floor only rapidly disappearing debris heaps and rows of.lonlo columns now remain. Tbe marble columns have been left to the last. In a day or so derricks will be rigged and they will be removed piece by piece, eighty-four pieces In all,' weighing from three to six tons each. Tbe contractors will have to blast away tbe massive foundations that formed tbe structure's cellar and in an earlier day tbe dungeons. Prior to the touch of the laborer's pick the other day the only entrance to these was by narrow outside stairs midway along the west wall. The dungeons themselves were In the south corners of the cellar, that on the southeast comer being the reputed celt of Ethan Allen and later of 17 patriots at a single time. It Is about fifteen feet square, unllghted, and in tbe highest point of the double arches formed by Its groins a bare eight feet high. Tbe oaken doors that separated these dungeons from tbe broad corridor In the middle of the cellar disappeared long ago, but the oaken lintels are still In place. They will be given to the New York His torical society, which already treasures the book that bung In the main floor celling, from which book It Is asserted patriots were hanged under the orders of the no torious Cunningham. Down In the sub-basement of tbe old Custom bouse, along with tbe ash cans and rubbish barrels, says the New York Sun, there stands a sturdy little wagon which has carried In its day more than $4,000,000,000 of Uncle Sam's money. . When tbe little wagon was consigned to the scrap heap some time ago Cus todian Lawlor decided to preserve It. "I've been here now for nearly twenty years." said Mr. Lawlor, "and it ain't within my memory when the little wagon failed to make Ita dally trip up Wall street lo the subtreasury and never a penny spilled. There's them that have been here thirty years and the tale Is the same. 1 call that faithfulness and Uncle Bam'll have a bard time finding any other word tor It. I guess. Anywsy, I'm going to keep the little wagon as long as be'll let me." 1 Tbe wagon still seems fit for duty. It joints are rather weak, though, and It baa been repaired so often tbat It was thought best to replace It. It carried the money received as custom payments from the custom house to the subtreasury at the close of business each day tor more than thirty years. 2a- IT'S ABOUT TIME for the epring underwear. What are you going to do? Will you get into it without turning up the legs or sleeves? Some dealers look no further than chest and waist measurdmants. Mo3t likely, tho', you longleg gtd, long armed, short legged, short armed men will come here. ' JV0 CLOT JUNO FITS LIKE OURS. Can be applied to our underwear. icounuarjj COXSOLATIOX FOR TIIU MKATHKX. Asnerlrnn Genlna Tarstsg Ont n Flee tirade of Idols for the Kent. Chlcngo Tribune. Manufacturers In the' Christian city of Philadelphia make Idols and ship them to Asia. Th trtfllc has horrified many who thought ru.n was the only objectionable ar ticle shipped to the heathen from this country. For years England and Germany have been monopolizing the trade In Utitl.l baa, Krishnas, Slvas, Ganeshes and Juui jums. This was because they happened to be on the ground first The Idols which they turned out were, is a matter of fact, both expensive and Inefficient. Tho Ameri can manufacturer has now succeeded In bringing the trade where it really belongs. His success was inevitable?. Ills idols are cheaper, do more work and last longer. The heathen who has once used an American idol, with self-closing eyes and automati cally wiggling toes, refuses to use any other. Besides, many a poor heathen who could not afford to buy an expensive Eng lish or German Idol, is able to allow him self the cheaper American article. IdoU have been brought within tho rrach of the smallest purse. Within a Tew yrsrs the most Impoverished catlve of the far east will flqd. thanks to tbe energy and Inge nuity of the American trader, that ha need not deny himself the spiritual consolations of his religion. ' ' Some squeamish persons think tbat tbey see something a little hit inconsistent In sending out a ship with a deckful of mis sionaries and a holdful of idols. Such per sons bave not grasped the fact that this life Is a matter not ef consistency but of balance. There is a oertaln anarchist In Chicago who owns a public hall. In ths course of his business he is obliged to let this hall out to republican, dcmocratlo and socialistic speakers, who take special pains to expose anarchism to the hatred and de rision of their hearers. What Is tbe hall owning anarchist to do? In order to live and In order to rettln a place In which an archism can be occasionally expounded he has to keep bis ball in constant use. His speculative opinions and his business, oper ations bave to march abreast; but In par allel lines which will never meet. Of course, there might be some good rea son for complaint If the Idol manufacturing companies should begin to boom vhelr trade by getting out . advertisements in defense of idolatry or by instructing their agents to hold Joint debates with missionaries. "Wor ship Film Flam! A psychological analysis by government experts shows $8 per cent of deltyt In portable, ' collapsible form, with a ease! When opened out the reverse way. ceaaes to be Film Flam and becomes Jim Jam! Tbe great duality! Two gods at the same tlmel A clear saving of BO per cent!" 4hls Hnd of advertisement might be objectionable. , After all. though, it Is a mere exchange of Idols. Tbey get Buddha and Krlshnus; we get dollars and cents. SMILING REMARKS. Jinks Why did young Pudney fail? I thought he was doing well. Blnks He waa until he spent too much time reading the advice to young men on bow to succeed. Judge. Johnny Say, pa what Is classical music? His father Classical music, my son, ia muslo tbat you can't whltle, and wouldn't If you could. Brooklyn Life. Thla ts the season of the year When a man rather thinks he would like to go out In tbe hot aun for an bour or .two and push the lawn mower. Bomervllle -Journal. . , . A O nr rural ' eriltni. hai thf- tirn tacked on the do-jr of his sanctum)- , . "We're at home to the dollur whenever it rings!" Atlanta Constitution. V "What makes Jane Blftler hang around aor- 'if "Wby she's trying' t eSitdown - her weight." . , 7 J "Then she forgets Jbe prbvrB. "What nroverb?" ' "The more ha Me. the-, more walet." Cleveland Plain Ltealer, .... "I can't help habhln my suspicions," said Uncle. Eben "when I sees a young man atan'ln' aroun' talkln' 'bout his hand luck, 'stld o' reudln' de 'help wanted' ad vertisements," Washington Star. Mrs. Crabshaw My husband let me pick out my birthday present. Mrs. Crawford So there was no surprise In It? Mrs. Crabshaw Not to me. But there will be to him when he gts the bill Towif Topics. THE DARK BEFORE DAWK. , I Edith -M. Thomas '1n Berlbner'a. Oh, mystery of the morning glnam. Of haunted air, of windless hush! Oh, wonder of the deepening dome, . Afar, still far the morning's flush I My spirit hears, among the spheres. The round earth's ever-qulckenlng rush! A tdngle leaf, on yonder tree. The planet's rush hath felt, hath heard; And soon, all branches whispering be! That whisper wake the nested bird The song of thrush, before, the blush Of Dawn, the dreaming world .hath stirred! The old moon wlthera in the Kaat ' The winds of space may drive her far! In heaven's chancel waits the prlest, Dawn's pontiff-priest, the morning star! And yonder, lo! a shafted glow The gates of Day-spring fall ajarf , 50 Per Cent Discount For a few days we 'will sell all plats) oamoras at one-half list prices. Regular. Cut Prlca $1.(10 Tripods $1.00 Plate HoMi-rs . &Oc $1.00 Albums &c grid's 4x5 I'lates .... 40c Call or write for cut prices. J. C. HUTESON & CO., Jit 8. 18th St., Paxton Block.