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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, March 02, 1903, Image 1

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The Omaha .Daily Bee.
KSTA BMSIIKI) .IUXK 1J), 1S71.
OMA1TA, 31 ON DAY MOHNINO, MARCH 2, 1003.
single copy thim:e CENTS.
RACE PLAYS SO PART
EooieteH Vigorously De'enrls HW Po'.icy in
Southern Appointment'..
COLOR IS WEIGHED IN NEITHER BALANCE
Would as Boon Consider Creed or Birth
place in ITlirg Officer.
HOSTILE CRITICS MOSTLY NEW YORKERS
Men Total j TJnaffeoted Start Outcry for
Btaaons Hidden.
SAYS PUBLIC SERVANTS NAMED ARE GOOD
Refers to Many Prmorrati unci
Prnmlwi to Remove All Who
May Proved Unfit for
Positions Given.
ATLANTA, Oa., March 1. President
Roosevelt has written to the editor of the
Constitution defending hli policy with re
tard to federal appointment! In the south.
The letter waa In reply to a request from
the editor that Mr. Roosevelt answer cer
tain criticisms passed on his action by
Harry Bi 111 well Edwards of Macon.
The letter follows:
Dear Mr. Howell: As to federal appoint
ments In the south, frankly. It seems to me
my appointments speak for thtmselvea nnd
that my policy Ih self-explanatory. 80 far
from feellnn that they need the slightest
apology or Justification, my position Is. that
on the strength of what I hive done, I have
the right to claim the support of all good
citizen who wish not only a high standard
of federal service, but fair and equitable
treatment to the south as well as to the
north and a policy of consistent Justice and
good will toward all men.
Considers I, opal Prejudices.
In making appointments I have nought to
consider the feeling of the people 01 each
locality so far aa I could consistently do to
'Without sacrificing principle. The prime
tests I have applied have been those of
character, fitness and ability and when I
have been dissatisfied with what has been
offered within my own party 1 have without
hesitation gon to the opposite party, and
you are of course aware that I have re
peatedly done this In your own state of
3eorgla.
1 certainly cannot consider color a bar to
Holding c til re (for did I do so I should be
obliged to consider creed or birthplace also),
'ilways provided that In other respects the
t.pplliant or incumbent Is a worthy and
well behaved American citizen.
, Just 11s little, however, will I consider It
Kb conferring a right to hold office. 1 havt,
ncnnt sympathy with the man of mere the
ory who refuses to face facts, but do you
not think that In the long run It Is safer for
verybody If we act on the motto "All men
up" rather than on that of "Some men
down?" 1 ask you to judge not by what I
ay. but what during the last seventeen
months I have actually done. In your own
ttate of Oeorgla you are competent to Judge
rom your own experience. In the great
milk of the cases 1 have reappointed Presi
dent McKtnJey's appointees. The changes
. have made were, aa I think you will
agree, changes for the better and not for
he worse.
W hites Often Supplant Blacks.
It happens I have appointed a white man
to succeed a colored man aa postmaster at
Athens and surveyor at Atlanta, in ttoutn
Carolina I have similarly appointed b white
inwliui.steftd fuiceeol colored postmaster.
Again, In South Carolina I have nominated
colored man to fill a vacancy In the post
Ion of collector of the port of Charleston,
ust aa In Oeorgla 1 have reappointed the
lOlored man who la now serving aa collector
'if the port of Savannah. Both are fit men.
vVhy the appointment of one should cause
..ny more excitement than the appointment
of the other 1 am wholly at a loss to Imagine,
need hardly say that to connect either of
Iiese appointments, or any or all my other
.ppolntmenta, or my actions In upholding
,he law at Indlancla,, with such questions as
'social equality" and "Negro domination
la as absurd aa to connect them with the
nebular hypothesis or the theory of atoms.
I have consulted freely with your own
-enators and congressmen as to the char
acter and capacity of any appointee In
Horgla concerning whom there were was
question. My party advisers In the state
have heen Ma tor Hannonn of Macon, Wal
ter Johnson of Atlanta, both of them for
mer confederate soldiers, and Harry SUIl
wll Kd wards, also of Macon. I believe
you will agree with me' that in no state
-would It be possible to fir.d gentlemen
bler and more upright or better qualified
10 fill the positions they have filled with
cference to me. In every Instance where
Ihee gentlemen have unltea In making a
lecoramendatlon I have been able to follow
.heir advice. Am I not right In aaylng
.hat the federal offlceholdere whom I have
ippoliited throughout your etate are, us a
body, men and women of a high order of
ttlclency and Integrity? If you know of
.ny federal officeholder In Oeorgla of whom
lhla Is not true pray let me know at once.
will welcome testimony from you or from
iiny other reputable citizen which will tend
to show that a given public orticer Is un
worthy: most emphatically short will be
the shrift of any one whoae lacs of worth
Is proved. Incidentally. 1 muy mention
that a lurge ercentage of the Incumbent
rf federal offices In Oeorgla under me are.
ra I understand It, of your own political
aith. Hut they are supported by me In
every wav aa long as they continue to ren
tier good and faithful service to the public.
Refers to Many Democrats.
This Is true of your own state, and by
applying to Thomas Nelson of Virginia, to
Oeneral Hasll Duke of Kentucky, to Oeorgd
C rawford of Tennessee, to John Mtllheny
of Louisiana, to Judge Jones or Alabama
and Kdgar 8. Wilson of Mississippi, all of
them democrats and all of them men of
the highest standing In t-ilr respective
communities, you will find tnat what 1
have done In Oeorgla stands not us the ex
ception, but aa the rule for what 1 have
done throughout the south.
I have good reason to believe that my
appointees In the different states men
tioned, and as the sum of the parts Is the
whole, necessarily in the siuth at large,
reprerent not merely an Improvement upon
those whose places they took, but upon the
whole a higher standard of federal service
than has hitherto been attained in the
communities In question. I may add thai
the proportion ot colored men among these
new appointee la only about 1 In lOu.
In view of all these facts I have beep,
surprised and somewhat pained at what
seems to me th Incomprenenslble outcry
In the south about my ucttuns. an outcry
apparently started In New York for reasons
wholly unconnected with the question nom
inally at Isxue. 1 am concerned at the at
titude thus Liken by so many of the south
ern people, but 1 am not In the least angry;
and still less will this attitude have the
effect of making me swerve one hairs
breadth, to one side or the other, from ths
course I hav marked out. the rourse 1
have consistently followed 1 the past and
hall consistently follow In we future.
With regard, sincerely yours.
THEODORE ROOSEVELT.
BALDY SMITH PASSES AWAY
Prominent Civil War Veteran Dies
In His Kla-htleta Year at
Philadelphia
PHILADELPHIA, March 1. General Wil
liam Farrar 8mlth, better known aa
"Bsldy" Smith, one of the prominent
figure of the clrll war, la dead at bis home
In this city. He was in his 80th year.
lie entered West Point at the age of 17
ad when the civil war broke out waa made
commander of the Third Vermont regiment.
He rcse rapidly and became one of the
leading figures In that struggle.
Fifteen yrars ago he engaged In the work
of Improving the rivers and harbors In
Delaware and Maryland and made hia home
In thla rity. About a year ago be retired
from this work and last November he took
a cold, from which he never recovered.
He la survived by a daughter and a son.
Who la an assistant naval constructor.
General Smith's death reduces the corps
commanders ol the civil war to four.
INVENTORS IN THE ASYLUMS
Russian Scientist Says that Mental
Strnln llrlrra Them
Mill,
(Copyright. by rr'rs Publishing Co.)
ST. PETERSBURG, March 1. (New Tork
World Cabiegrtm Special Telegram. I
Prtf. Stlel of St. Petersburg, an authority
on brain diseases, has been collecting sta
tistics cf mental aberration due to straining
of the inventive faculties. He saya the
number of Inventr.rs In Russian asylumi for
the Insane has Increased fivefold In ten
years. The number now is nearly 1,300, of
whom eight are women.
A physician who went mad trying to In
vent flexible artificial limbs with Joints Is
now engaged In the asylum In grotesque ef
forts to Invent a marionette which can
walk around the room without stumbling.
A chemist who became Insane in an at
tempt to discover new artificial soli ferti
lizers Imagines himself a grain of wheat
and is constantly planting himself In differ
ent kinds of soils to observe me effects.
One Woman Is ceaselessly wrapping up a
large doll with different kinds cf bandages,
but, as she remains obdurately eilent, it Is
difficult to gucsa what her Ideas are. She
waa a typewriter who lost her reason In
an attempt to Invent a noiseless machine.
Another woman Is at work Inventing an
ointment to smtar on children's bodies to
keep the cold out.
CUNARD WEDDING IS PRIVATE
Those Invited Only Iterelve Informal
Note the Day Before the
Wedding.
(Copyright. 1JK3. by Press Bubllshlng Co.)
LONDON, March 1 (New York World Ca
blegramSpecial Telegram.) Mr. Padel
ford'a wedding with Mr. Cunard was only
attended by Intimate personal friends, who
were invited by Informal notes sent cut
by her tho day before. Ambisiador Chna e
accompanied the bride to the church. She.
waa extremely nervous and anx'.ousiy asked
the ambassador If she bad arrived before
the bridegroom. But the latter was tharo
already.
The bridal robe was a doueet frock of
champagne colored crepe with masses of
deep plaits and a falling cape of. fine
gulpere over the sleeves. In addition to
the embassy people, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob
Lorlllard were present.
" The first month of the honeymoon will
be passed In Paris. Then the couple will
motor to Nice to stay with the bride
groom's parents.
Mr. and Mrs. Rldgley Carter gave a
luncheon Sunday in honor of the bride and
bridegroom at the Carlton.
NO TERRORS JN PNEUMONIA
Italian Physician Discovers a Serum
Which Robs Disease of
Danger.
,
(Copyright, 1903, by Presa Publishing Co.)
ROME, March 1. (New York World Ca
blegram Specicl Telegram.) Prof. Guldo
Tizxonl of the Bologna university has discov
ered a serum which la said to render pneu
monia comparatively harmless, depriving
It of Its dangerous character. Experi
ment! on strictly scientific lines prove It
on of the moat important medical dis
coveries of recent years, and one likely
to lower materially the death rate in all
countries.
Prof. Tlzaonl has already discovered the
curative serum ot tetanus, or lockjaw.
He was born In Plra In, 1853, took his M.
D. at the Naples university, studied under
the great German pathologists Scron and
Vlrchow, and was appointed to the chair
of pathology at Catlna, from whence. In
1880, . he went In the same capacity to
Bologna. Tlzaonl la also an ardent, politi
cian and 'a member of the Italian Chamber
ot Deputies.
FRENCHMEN WHO LIVE LONG
Century Mark Doea Hot Keep Two
Noted Ones from Ranks of
Mentally Active.
Copyright, 1903, by -Press Publishing Co.)
PARIS, March 1. (New York World Ca
blegram Special Telegram.) The dean of
French medical men la Dr. David of Mont
pel Her, who celebrated hla 103d birthday
oti February 10. The doctor waa born on
the 19th day of Pluvlore year IX,' and prac
ticed medicine until he reached the ripe age
of V9 years. He then retired and went
to live at Montpelller with his daughter.
Dr. David la in full possession, of all
of his faculties. Is an authority on certain j
diseases, and patients still consult him,
some from great distances.
Another grand old man of France Is
Ernest Legouve, the academician, 96 years
old. He
is still hale and hearty, continues
y work and every morning baa a
In literary
quarter hour's bout with hla foils wltlj his
fencing master. Indeed he is a firm be
liever In every kind of physical exercise
and especially fencing as a aource of longe
vity. COLOR AND PERFUME STATUES
New School of Parisian Sculptors
Have Taken Ip with n
New Fad.
(Copyright, 1903. by Press Publishing Co.)
PARIS. March 1. (New York World Ca
blegramSpecial Telegram.) The latest
notion amcng Parisian sculptors is to per
fume aa well as color their feminine figures.
The practice of tinting the marble has
been gaining In favor with French sculptors
to such an extent that in the last few yearj
a pure white statue, particularly repre
senting a woman, has beeu a rarity.
The younger men, in their desire to pro
duce something ultra aesthetic, mix their
palnta with oils especially prepared with
powerful perfumes, thua giving an added
touch of realism to the statues by making
an appeal to the aenae of smell aa well as
to the sight. The true Parisian Is an en
thusiastic advocate of perfume.
Thlppa Further Aids India.
CALCUTTA, March 1 Henry Phlpps. di
rector of the Carnegie Steel company, who
gave Lord Curton $10,000 on February 1 to
be devoted to some practical object for
scientific research, promising to be of en
during benefit to India, and who. on Feb
ruary 1, gave Lady Curson $10,000 for her
Victoria memorial midwifery fund, handed
to Lord Curion today a further aura of
$50,000 for the promotion of agricultural
and scientific education.
Government Aids Strike Neltlenieut.
VICTORIA. B. C. March 1 At the min
ing routepllon here last night Premier
Prior waa present and announced that the
government would pay the expenses ot a
commission, to be named by the conven
tion, to proceed to Feruie and endeavor tu
settle the coal miners' strike. The id
pouueemeat was received with surprise.
W.OKIi OF THE SHORT SESSION
,t igresi Has Tone During1 the Last
k Th ee Month.
CONTRA
""GULAflON OF COMMERCE
v
Creation of v rt Position Which
Will Hate ,Te of the Busi
ness Interests of the Conn
try at large.
(From a Stan Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON. March 1. (Special.)
Three or four years ago the correspunden
of a -great metropolitan dally newspaper
received a dispatch from his managing ed
itor which read: "When is congress likely
to adjourn? Rush answer."
There are a great many people in this
country. Including managing editors ot Im
portant newspapers, who do not know or
who fall to remember that under the law
the final session of every congress inns'
adjourn sine die at the close of the legisla
tive day of March 3. This means, invaria
bly, at noon on March 4 of each odd num
bered year. The final session of the Fifty
sc.venth congress will aljoi'.rn on Wednes
day next at noon. It will have left a vast
mans of bills, probably upward of 10,000,
unacted upon at ihat time, but the short
session will Leverthcless be notable for
tho great amount of legislative work ac
complished julng the last three months.
Because there are a few days more still
remaining In which bills may be rushed
through one or both houses, It is Impossi
ble at this time to say accurately Just what
has been accomplished. But the short ses
sion of this expiring congress has enacted
no less than four laws directly aimed at
trusts, which have been the prime objects
of attack for several years psst. The tlrst
of the four has for its purpose the ex
pediting of the hearing and determination
of suits in equity now pending or which
may be brought In the future under any
laws now In force, or that may bo here
after enacted, upon the certificate of the
attorney general that the case la of gen
eral public Importance. The second act
directly related to anti-trust legislation la
a clause in the general deficiency bill au
thorizing the president to appoint an as
sistant attorney general at a salary of
$7,000 and another at $3,000 a year, and also
authorizing the attorney general to ap
point two confidential clerks without refer
ence to the Civil Service Commission at
salaries of $1,600 a year each. These new
officials arc directed to perform such tasks
ns may be assigned to them by the attor
ney general, and It la of course under
stood that their duties shall consist mainly
In looking especially "after the enforcement
of anti-trust laws.
Fonda and Machinery.
For the first tlm. the chief law officers
of the government are therefore provided
with the necessary funds and machinery
for enforcing tho observance of the laws to
regulate commerce and to protect the busi
ness Interests of the country against un
lawful restraints and monopolies. This law
generally known as the Sherman anti-trust
law, because -the bill which led up to it
waa originally Introduced by the. late. John
Sherman of Ohio, them chairman of the
finance committee of the senate. The so
called Sherman law waa reported from the
Ohio ctatesman'a committee with a favor
able recommendation, but It waa subse
quently referred to the committee on the
Judiciary, over which former Senator Ed
munds presided, and It was a substitute.
resembling the original In but few par
ticulars, that waa finally reported back by
the senator from Vermont and subsequently
passed by both houses. In a letter written
a short time ago referring to this act, Mr.
Edmunds says that the Judiciary committeo
was at that time "unanimously of the opin
ion that the bill It reported waa in respect
of its general scope an exercise of the
whole constitutional power Jf congress.
which' could only legislate for the freedom
and regulation of commerce with foreign
nations and among the several states." He
adds, "and I am of the same opinion still."
He then says: "The only difficulty with
the bill we reported and which becsme
law was the want-of administration, that
la to aay, that the law waa and la entirely
capable of putting an end to so-called
trusta and auch combinations as lnterefere
with or restrain commerce among the
states, etc., if the officers of the govern
ment having charge ot the enforcement of
the law understand their duty and are will
ing to do It, being, of course, supplied with
sufficient means to put It in force." In
conclusion, he says: "What is needed la
not, so much, more legislation as competent
; and earnest administration of the laws that
exist. I have no doubt that the present
attorney general and hia very able assist-
anta will find easy means. If supplied with
' " progress
,nd unrto hf mischievous rk of such
gitHi uu lujui auua luuiuiLmuuiiB ai navtj
so largely come Into recent existence."
New Cnbinet Office.
The act to establish the Department of
Commerce and Labor also creates a bureau
which will have Its effect upon trusts. This
Is the bureau of corporations, over which
James R. Garfield, son of the martyred
president, has been appointed to preside.
Under the act authority Is given to the
commissioner of corporations to make in
vestigation into the organization, conduct
and management of the business of any
corporatlcn, joint stock company or cor
porate combination engaged In commerce
among the states or with foreign nations,
except railroads and other common car
riers. The Information and data gathered is for
the purpose ot enabling the president to
recommend to roogres auch legislation for
the regulation of commerce aa may bu
deemed desirable under the circumstances.
The commissioner, in order that he ny be
able to carry on hia inveitlgatlona, Is given
power similar to those held by the Inter
state Commerce commission, including th'.
right to aubpoena and compel the attend
ance and testimony of witnesses and the
production of documents and also to ad
minister oaths. The act. however, does not
Interfere In any way with tha business of
private Individuals, nor does it organize
an investigation into their affaire.
....-.
Asralnst Railroad Rebate.. ,
The fourth of the acts affecting truat
enacted during this short session ot con-
gters is that known aa the Elklns anti- )
rebate act. Its nbt.H la to prevent undue j
discriminations In the way ot rebatea and j
makes the recipients of auch rebates as j
well ss the giver subject to a fine of from
$1,000 to $20,000 for each eff-nse
The enforcement of this law Is entrusted
to tho Interstate Commerce commission.
Members ot that body de.iare their belief
that In substituting fines for Imprisonment
as penalty f.r violations cf the Interstate
Commerce act will enable the commission
to secure conviction In many cases where
such sonvlcttons would be Impossible
if
(Continued on Fifth Page
PASSENGER TRAINS COLLIDE
Knslitra Juinshed, lint So One I n
Jnreil In a Wreek an
I nlon Pacific.
CHEYENNE. Wyo., March 1 (SpecUl
Telegtam.) No. 1. westbound, and No. 4,
eastbound, met headon at Megeath. fifty
miles east cf Sidney. Neb., on the Un!on
Pacific at an early hour this .nornlng. No. 4
hud orders to meet No. 1 there and to take
the siding, but the air fatted to work and
the eastbound train crabbed Into the flyer.
Three engines were badly damaged, but as,
far as can be learned no one was Injured.
TratHc was not delayed to any great ex
tent, fcr No. 4 waa not running fast and
the accident occurring at the switch little,
difficulty was experienced In clearing the
track.
OOALLALA. Neb.. March 1. (Special Tel
eyrax..) Train No. 1, limited, westbourd.
and tra'n No. 4. the Overland, eastbound.
were In colliskn at Megeath at 3 a. m. to.
day, caused by the airbrake not working on
No.' 4. No. 1 had two engines and the
three engines on both trains were damaged
to some extent. No persons were Injured.
No. 1 was standing on the main track wait
ing for No. 4 to take the elding. Th-
wreck occurring at a aiding other trains
were not delayed. Passengera on the
wrecked trains were transferred to other
trains.
Fresh engines were sent to the scene
from Sidney and both trains proceeded.
No. 4 arrived In Omaha at 9:4ft last even
ing more than fourteen hours late, but a
large portion of the delay was previous to
the wreck and due to drifting enow.
Thomas M. Orr, secretary to the presi
dent, the only officer of the eompsny who
could be found last night, said: "We have
received nothing but Incomplete reports,
but they state no person was Injured. I
do not know eiactly how the accident hap
pened nor who was responsible."
NEBRASKANS JBITE AT FRAUD
With lowsns and Others Rny Hoarua
Timber Land In
Oresron.
)
BAKER CITY. Ore., March 1. timber
land swindle. In which a number ot Ne
braska, Iowa and Illinois Investors have
been caught, has, it is stated, been discov
ered at Sumpter.
Persons from these states arrived here
recently to look up timber land, purchased
from a company that had been operating
in the east. It was represented that a
large eastern syndicate was soon to begin
operations here and that quarter sections
of timber land that could be located for
from $100 to $125 would, itMn a short
time, enhance wonderfully In value.
Some of the Investors, It is stated, have
been shown fine bodies of timber land which
they had selected only to find that the loca
tor had picked out tor. them a worthless
pice of rock land. !' 1
WATERBURY RIOTS RENEWED
Roth sides . Fire Shots r.nd Thusrs
Attack Prosecuting; Attorney
oa Street.. .
. . . ... , . ; t." . . . ,
WATERBURY, Conn., March 1. Little
of note was reported today In the strike
situation. As Manager Bewell was riding
home on the Watervlllc line last night the
car was fired on by a man shrouded In
darkness. At the samo time stones were
hurled at the car. Three arrests were
made today.
Prosecuting Attorney Durant was at
tacked by two men tonight aa he was going
to his home. They knocked him down with
clubs and fists and as he lay on the ground
he fired - four shots at them. - One bullet
went up through the hat of one ot the men
and kcocked it off. Attorney Durant
brought the hat hack to the police station.
The men escaped with no clue as to their
identity.
TRY TO TAX MERCHANTS NOW
Indian Authorities Pleased with De
rision on Cattle Import Mulct
Storekeepers..
ARDMORE. I. T.. March 1. It Is stated
here today that Indian Agent Shoenfelt has
Instructed the Indian police agents to col
lect the tribal tax of 1 per cent on the
dollar valuation ot merchants' stocks in
the Chickasaw and Choctaw nations.
Agent Shoenfelt )s said to be acting on
the authority of Secretary ot the Interior
Hitchcock, who holds that the tribal tax is
valid and, like the cattle tax, may be
enforced. The merchants will ask for an
I injunction to restrain tho police from
j carrying out the order, on the ground that
the tax Is Invalid.
RAILROAD MEN DISSATISFIED
Seek Shorter Honrs 'and Retter Sys
tem ot FllllnsT Conductors'
Vacancies.
NEW HAVEN, Conn., March 1. A large
delegation of 'rainmen, freight and paasen.
ger conductors and firemen of the New
York, New Haven & Hartford railroad waa
held today to draw up a set of demands to
be presented to the officials of the road.
The demands Include an eight-hour day
and extra pay fcr work done over that time,
and that the freight conductors be promoted
to the poslttcn cf passenger conductors
when vacancies occur. Instead of the posi
tions betns given baggagemen.
BUFFALO VICTIM IS BURIED
Rnrdlck'a Remain) Interred in the
Presence of Ills Widow (
and Children.
BUFFALO, March 1. The body ,of Ed
win L. Burdlck. who waa murdered last
Thursday, was today taken to his former
home In Canaatota, N. Y., near Syracuse,
for burial. Mrs. Burdick, her three chlld-
ren nd two cloBe personal friends went
I wl,b- the boJy after a brief funeral service
j bad been held at the bouse.
I The authorities are Inclined to the the-
' ory that the crime was committed by a
j
' 1 rw
FIRST LAUT ntlUKNS HOME
Hoosevrlt Leaves for Washing
ton After Ylaltlun; Sons
rt Srhool.
GROTON, Mass., March 1. Mrs. Theodore
Roosevelt, who has been spending several
days at the Grot on acbool with her two
sons, Theodore, Jr., and Hermit, left for
Washington this afternoon.
She was accompanied by her daughter
E,nel and a maid.
BOSTON, March 1 Mra. Theodore Roote-
vell and her party paaaed through tbe city
this sveniog bound tor Washington.
FLEE FROM INVADING FLOODS
Pittsburg Eesidents Take feefuge in Upper
Stories When Waters Bage.
BOATS PLY ON ALLEGHENY STREETS
ftlvers Take Possession of Roadway.
Fore In Vehicles to Stay at Home
and Trnrlte to Float
Aloft.
PITTSBURG. Pa., March 1. Swollen
tributaries forced the Ohio river over Its
banks today, flooding hundreds of houses
and sending the occupants to seek refue
In tho upper stories.
Mills on the low lying levels throughout
the county, numbering between fifty and
slxyr, were flooded, and 38,375 men thrown
Idle for four or five days.
The flood was general throughout west
ern Pennsylvania, the streams everywhere
overflowing their banka and causing more
or less damage to houses and farms that
lay along their course. Downtown In Pitts
burg cellars and basements of business
houses were inundated, while in Allegheny
two railroads wrre temporarily paralyzed.
Pecplo in the First and Third wards of
Allegheny had to employ boats on the
streeta, sklflj being commoner than wheeled
vchloles.
Ample warning had been received by most
of the residents and business houses to
minimize losses. The highest stage reached
by the swollen rivers at Pittsburg was
29.4 feet at the government dam at 6 this
evening. It became stationary at that
mark and gradually subsided. Three hours
later the record wai 29.1 feet. The Market
street guage at 8 o'clock showed the high
est point reached by the Monongahela river
to be 28 6 feet. In an hour after it bad
fallen a little over an inch. The govern
ment guoge at Davis Island dam, Ave miles
below the city, showed the highest stage
to be 26.5 feet at 9 o'clock, when the watera
were stationary. From that time the flood
began to fall
The cold weather which set in last night
served to check the flood. Soon after day
light the water took possession of the
point districts in Pittsburg and 'came up
iilmost to Penn avenue. All lower Alleg
heny felt the severest effects of the high
water and practically every house between
Isabella street and the river from the
Ninth street bridge to the Point bavO cel
lars and first floors flooded. The Pittsburg
Western railroad and the Buffalo, Roch
ester ft Pittsburg tracks are under water,
necessitating their abandonment tern-,
porarlly.
Boats Protected la Time.
River men took early precautions to
place shipping under safe control and as a
result property of that character suffered
comparatively little.
From the territory up the Monongahela'
and Allegheny rivers comes reports of much
damage by the flooding of the lower floors of
houses, mills and factories. From all points
above on both rivers the waters are re
ported as either falling r stationary and
danger Is averted.
Towns below here on the Ohio,: however,
are still to have their worst experiences. -
At McKees Rocks and Corpolts, a few
miles below Pittsburg, the river tonight Is
so high that the business sections of both
places are under water 'and several street
car lines were forced to suspend operations.
East Liverpool repdrts thirty feet of
water, thirty-five houses flooded and sev
eral of the pottery plants damaged, of
which the Thompson Pottery company will
suffer moat. ' 1 '
Street car service to Smith's Ferry has
been abandoned.
- At Wellsvllle, four miles ' below East
Liverpool, the mill of 'he American Tin
plate company Is partially inundated and
scores of 'families are suffering. -Steubenville,
O., reports thirty feet 'of
water and rising Ave inches an hour. Five
ins re feet are expected,- which will cause
the Wheeling Lake Erie and the Cleve
land & Pittsburg railroads and mills on the
low ground to suspend.
PARKERSBURG, W. Vs.. March 1. The
Ohio river Is rapidly approaching the dan
ger line and predictions are that it will-be
In the lower streets by Monday night.
Forty-one feet are expected.
So far no houses have been reached by
tho flood, but men have been busy all day
moving goods out of cellars and warehouses
In the wholesale district and moving peo
ple In low sections out of their homes.
Many homea are Aooded in the Little Ka
nawha valley. Today'a cold snap will check
the water and the- Little Kanawha river
is already falling.
tiale Disables Arlantle Root.
PHILADELPHIA, March 1. The steamer
Switzerland of the Mercantile Marine com
pany . arrived here today from . Antwerp
after a voyage of 18 days, during which it
encountered terrific gales.
On February 14 a aevere storm struck It
from the northwest. The storm continued
several days and during its height the
steering gear gave way, leaving the vessel
helpless for three days. The vessel sus
tained other minor damage.
Switzerland carried 231 passengers.
Wheeling; Mills Submersed.
WHEELING, W. Vs.. March 1. The dan
ger point in the swell of the Ohio has
been reached and the river la still rising.
The stage at 11 was37 feet 6 Inches and It
was rising six Inches an hour with Indica
tions for a maximum stage of 41 or 43 feet.
Wheeling ialand, a portion of the aouth
side and .half a dozen blocks from thw
river front to the hill in Bellalre are under
water, but merchandise and household ef
fects have been removed In most instancea
The iron and steel mills on both sldea
ot the river have been partially submerged
and as the Industrial establishments gen
erally are Id the low-lying districts they
will be compelled to suspend opera'lons.
Traffic on the Baltimore A Ohio river roads
was delayed several hours. Tonight tracks
of the Pennsylvania, Baltimore A Ohio,
Wheeling A Lake Erie and Cleveland, Lor
ain A Wheeling railroads are submerged
pt different points and no trains are run
ning.
Kvansvllle Also Fears.
EVANSVILLE, Ind.. March 1. The Ohio
river Is stsMonary here tonight and at 9
stood nt 32.9. It Is expected to be rising on
Monday.
All the side streams are still rising
rapidly. Rough and Pond rivers are out of
their banka and thousands of logs and ties
were lost today. River men fear a much
worse rise than that of a few days ago, as
th" headwaters are rising and the southern
rivers are bank full. Reports tonight say
the Wabaeh, White and Patoka rivers are
high. Boats have been unable to make
many of the landings between here and
Padurah for two weeks.
P-el lent cf I ruffuuy F.leetrd.
MONTEVIDEO. March I. Jose Batele
Ordonez waa today elected president of
Uruguay.
CONDITION OF THE WEATHER
Forecast for Nebraska Fair Monday and
Tuesday Warmer Monday and In West
Portion Tuesday.
Temperature nt Omaha lrsterdayt
Hour. Dec. Hour. Dear.
.1 n. m 15 1 p. tn
6 a. m 14 8 . ra .17
T n. ni 14 p. m 4
8 s. m Id 4 p. m -to
I) n. ni. . . . . . XO ft p. m
10 a. m ...... vn 41 p. m :
It a. m..... SO 7 p. m St
lit m an h p. m a
p. m ..... . K 1
JEALOUS HUSBAND SHOOTS
Frnnk Robinson Takes Two Shots at
Robert Met'nllen. hot
' Doesn't Kill.
Thirteen months of domestic Infelicity
led up to a shooting yesterday afternoon,
wherein Frank Robinson of 215 Willis ave
nue seriously wounded Robert McCullen.
The shots were Ared In the saloon ot Rem
ington A Burk, Sixteenth and Nicholas
streets. The wounded man was taken to
Dr. Hostetter's office end from there sent
to Clarkson hospital. The wound was found
to be In the left side ot the abdomen and
not of a fatal character. The bullet was
abstracted.
Robinson was arrested and charged with
shooting with Intent to kill, and Mrs. Rob
inson and Herbert Robinson, tho latter liv
ing at 1549 North Eleventh street, who
were present when the shot wss fired, were
taken into custody as state witnesses.
The fight between Robinson and McCul
len was the result of the former's sus
picion that the latter had been too atten
tive to Mrs. Robinson. Herbert Robinson,
who, by the way. Is no relation to Frank,
aays that McCullen gave him a note ad
dressed to MrB. Robinson,' which said:
"Sweethea-t, I need some money. Send
$2." Herbert says he delivered the note
to Mrs. Robinson and then told her hus
band of Its contents. Yesterday Frank and
Herbert, followed closely by Mrs. Robin
son, went on a hunt tor McCullen. They
kept up the search all day, and late In the
afternoon encountered their man . In the
saloon at the corner of Sixteenth and Nlch
olaa streets. Here the tight occurred, in
which Robinson drew bis revolver and
wounded McCullen.
X
GRAIN SITUATION IN KANSAS
W. F. MclaoRhlin Saya It is Next to
Impossible to Secure
Cars.
W. F. McLaughlin of the. Peavey Grain
company, Marysvllle, Kan., Is In the city In
the Interest of that concern.
"The grain situation In Kansas Is In rel
ative chaos because of the lack of trans
portation facIltles," he said. "It Is next
to impossible to secure cars, and grain
buyers are rather chary about buying grain
until the transpoitatlon situation Is re
lieved. The prevailing price paid tor corn
there now is 31 cents for white and 31Vs
cents for mixed corn. The corn grading
facilities are limited at Marysvllle and bet
ter rates for grain prevail at points sev
eral miles either way from that town be
cause of the difficulty ot hauling over the
rough, hilly country surrounding Marys
vllle, which Is additionally embarrassed by
the prevailing bad weather.
"The grain men in southeaatern Ne
braska and northeastern Kansas are deeply
Interested In the strike situation here at
Omaha. They are apprehensive that It will
further complicate the transportation ques
tion, and defer the longed for relief in
definitely, possibly until seeding time,
which will further delay grain shipments
because of the busy farming season then
to ensue and the indisposition of the farm
ers to haul their grain to the buying sta
tions." FOR GRAND ARMY COMMANDER
Judge Estelle sad W. II. Green Are
' Understood to Be Omaha
' Candidatea.
The next commandershlp of the Nebraska
Grand Army of the Republic Is exciting
Interest even' at this early day. Omaha is
In the field with two candidates. In the
persons of Judge Lee Estelle and W. II.
Green. Judge Estelle was a strong candi
date at the department encampment in thla
city last year. In fact, the only candidate
against former Lieutenant Governor C. F.
Steele of Falrbury, who was elocted. Tho
south Platte country may present the name
of Senior Vice Commander Peters of Res
trict. The next department encampment
will be held at Fremont In May. There will
also be a brisk contest tor the choice of
delegates to the national encampment of
the Grand Army, which meets at San Fran
cisco in August.
COTTON WORKERS TO STRIKE
Speeded Looms and Other Changes
Deride Operatora to
Leave Mills.
NEW BEDFORD, Mass., March 1. Three
hundred weavers employed In the Bristol
cotton mills go an strike tomorrow. The
trouble is based on complaints of poor
yarn, poor filling, poor fixing, high speeded
looms and changes In style.
LOWELL, Mass., March 1. The Lowell
Textile council, composed of delegates rf
all the unlona organized among cotton
workers, has asked the treasurers of the
seven cotton corporations for an advance
of 10 per cent In wages, to take effect
March 31.
The mill treasurers said tonight they
would reply to the request In writing
within a few days. The demands affect.
18.000 operatives.
FALLS FROM BRIDGeTo DEATH
Workman Tnmblea Seventy-Five; Feet
and Dies on LisThtinat Upon
Company's Building;.
ROCHESTER. N. Y.. March 1. J.
Baird of Guysvllle,. O., aged 24, was
H.
In-
slantly killed yesterday by falling from
the Vincent atreet bridge over the Genes
see river to the roof of the electric light
rompuny's plant below, a distance of seventy-five
feet.
It Is thought be stepped bsckward and
fell.
Movements of Ocean Vessels Mnrrh I.
At New York Arrived Campania, trom
IJverpoul; (itt dl MHano, from Urnoa and
Naples: l.a Ha vole, from Havre.
At Gibraltar Passed 'ambromun. from
Genoa and Naples, for Ho.-ton: Klcilla. from
(i 1.0a and Naples, for N w York.
At Prawle Point-Passed Staatendam.
fr-im Rotterdam and Houloicne. for N.w
! York.
At Liverpool Arrived Mongolian, from
St. John. N. H . and Halifax.
At Queenstown Bulled Merlon, from
Boston, for Uvrrpool; I'mbrla, from Liver
pool, for New York.
At Bouthampton- Salled-HIm her. from
llumburg and iioulugne. fur New York.
RECORD OF SESSION
Thirty-Pour Days Gone and Important Work
is Only in Embryotio Stato,
TWENTY-SIX DAYS MORE TO DRAW PAY
If Legislative Labors Are Finished it
Means Lively Times.
REVENUE DEMANDS FIRST ATTENTION
Bailroads Center Their Opposition on Tax
ation of the Terminals.
OTHER IMPORTANT MATTERS ON TAP
No Apparent Inclination to Take the)
Lid Off the Celebrated Hartley
llarar Box and Investl
sate Contents.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN, Mach. 1. (Special.) If the
twenty-eighth Nebraska legislature com
pletes Its docket within the sixty-day limit
set by law It will need to accomplish a
great deal more in the nsxt twenty-sis
days than it has In the last thirty-four.
When the recess was taken Friday the
thirty-fourth legislative day was finished.
The session reconvenes again tomorrow
atternoon. From Jnnuary 6, when the
session began, up to tomorrow, forty-seven
work days have passed, and from Monday
until April 1 there will be Just twenty-six,
exactly enough to complete the session.
But if the legislature loses as much time,
proportionately, this month as It did dur
ing January and February it will come far
from winding up affairs by April 1. Thir
teen days during the session thus far It
has not put In. Of course, a week ot this
time wss given up to the Joint revenue
committee.
When the work undertsken and that cora
lleted thus far is compared It appears that I
this legislature Is. to say the leaat, a de
liberative body. Of the Important projects
of legislation how many have been con
summated? There is revenue revision, ad
mittedly the biggest and most Important
tsBk before this legislature. It really is
scarcely out of the shell stage. True, a
bill has been drafted and is now in tbe
hands of the standing house revenue com
mittee, but from what is known ot that
bill it Is evident that If It passes at all It
will be after a prolonged fight has been
made, for It Is not one that will meet such
general approval aa to pass through un
obstructed. Then there Is tbe matter of constitutional
amendments, one of the most Important
before the legislature. Nothing conclusive
has been done with It. Governor Mickey
has urged action, however, and It Is prob
able the matter will receive some Impetus
this week, but everything of this cbaraoter
Is yet to be accomplished.
Some Pressing Questions. .
Under this head of constitutional amend
ments may be found' some- of the pressing
questions before the people of Nebraska.
For Instance, the persistent demand tor
the safe .investment' ot the permanent
school fund snd the status of the supreme
court. Governor Mickey and others ' are
convinced that Immediate changes are Im
perative. It Is proposed that f the bench
be enlarged in membership and that the
salaries of the members be substantially'
Increased. This all must be done through
the process ot constitutional amendments.
There is, too, a demand of undetermined
extent for increases tn the salaries ot stato
officers. This, too, mint be done through
amendments to tbe state constitution.
Of course there la tho demand trom
Omaha and other municipalities for a law
entitling them to livy a direct tax on
railroad terminals for local purposes, a de
mand so persistent that the railroads have
arrayed their mightiest hosts against It
with unrelenting vigor from, the first of
the session. They have centered their
forces against thla proposition as they hare
against no other one. This still Is un
attended to One bill, H. R. 171, has corns
and gone and been succeeded by another,
H. R. 330, which has been tied up In the
hands of a hostile committee ever since Its
Introduction. The railroads are determined
to keep it tied up - there it possible, or
falling in thla, aa It seems they must, kill '
the bill In another way. '
The bills to reapportion the legislative
and Judicial districts of tbe state have Just
barely been Introduced. If they get beyond
the Jockeying line they will do well. There
are a lot ot other measures ot local charac
ter, such as the Omaha and South Omaha
charter bills, which have been presented
and hung up for mysterious reasons.
Clsrar Box Lid Closed.
But one of tbe most righteous demands of
the people ot this state tas not even bad
a hearing yet, and that la the demand for
an Investigation Into the cigar bog mystery
In connoctlon with the Bartley ease. Soma
had thought the legislature would not fall
to address Itself to this Important matter,
but It appears that the legislature Is eoldly
indifferent to It. The only thing that has
been done In connection with the Bartley
case Is. the introduction of a resolution by
Senator Hall of Douglas for tbe release
from their obligation to tbe state ot tha
men who went Bartley's security. But
honest Inquiry develops little or no grounds
for believing that thla resolution will ever
receive the sanction of the legislature.
l'robably had not the stste of. Nebraska
been ao desperately lu need ot drastic
revenue revision snd pressed Its dsmaads
with such persistency aa to force the legis
lature to pay some attention to them, there
would have been less obstruction to fslth
ful work. But the railroads, being un
alterably opposed to any form of revenue
revision that would bring them to time on
the payment of taxes, simply determined
at the outs't on blocking every move tend
ing to change the present revenue laws
and it muat be admitted their efforts have
not been in vain. It is said quite generally
that the railroads dictated enough ot the
revenue bill to make It aatlsfactory to
them.
The revenue bill doubtless will be turned
over to the house by the committee Tues
day, when preliminary skirmishing may
set in. H. R. 830. the ro-ralled Omaha tx
commissioner bill, probablv will get into
the house Tuesday, and possibly Monday.
But It will come back handicapped. The
majority of the committee on cities and
towns, as haa already been atated In The
Bee, will recommend it for Indefinite post
ponement, and the minority for passage.
Tbe common ground will be the general
file, and It will be the play of the minority
to land tbe bill on that base. Unless thla
can be accomplished 11. R. 330 Is a "goner."
New l.labt for Court Room.
YORK. Neb. March 1. tSpeelsl.) Ths
district court room has Juki installed a
thirty-six light electrolier, which so -

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