Newspaper Page Text
THE .O MATT A DAILT TIEE: WEDNESDAT. MATtCIT 4. 1003.
Tiie ONfAHA Daily Bee E. ROSbWATER, EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. TERMS OF Bl'lSSCRIPTlON Dally Bee (without Sunday!. One Year. M lmlly IVe and Sunday, one Year Illustrated lire, one year f Honour Bw. One Year.. If. I Twentl-th Century Farmer, One Year.. l.D DELIVERED BY CARKlbK. Pally Bee (without Sunday, per copy.. 2c Daily Bee (without Sunday), per week. ,12c Dsll'v Bee (Including Sunday), per week..Lc Hunnay Bee, per copy..... """".I S Evenlntf Bee (without Hunday), per week Be Evening Bee (Including Sunday). Pcr)rtc Corn1.1ain't9'V)f''ire'guVft'ritiej in delivery hould be addressed to City circulation De partment. OFFICES. Omaha-The Bee Building. South Omsvha-Clty Hall Building, Twen-ty-tlfth and M Streets. Council BlufTs-lii Pearl Street. Chicago lfrl" I'nlty Building. New York 2128 Park Row Building. Washington M Fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. Communication relating to news and ed itorial matter should be addressed: Omaha Bee, Editorial Department. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or postal order, payable to The Bee Publishing Company. Only 2-eent ntamps accepted In payment of mall accounts, personal checks, except on Omaha or eastern exchange, not accepted. THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. State of Nebraska. Douglas County, ss.: George B. Txsehjck, secretary of The Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn, says that the actual number of full and complete copies of The Dally Morning, Evening and Hunday Bee printed during the month of February, 13.!. was as follows: 1 JtO.KIO 2 3M.IMO 8 so.tuio 4 ao.tuw 6 80.4IMI 6 80.570 7 ao.nso t ao.soo t au.mu 10 30,500 11 30, una 12 30,040 11 80,040 14 80.B7O 15 16 17 18 1!) 20 21 .20,225 31.H2U 31,(140 81,100 31,4!tO 31.010 31.07O 22 2t,21.1 23! 31,130 24 31.NSO 26 31.0O 2t 31,B2 27 31,080 28 81.7MO Total 8R.43a Less unsold and returned copies.... o,;HM Net total sales B44.O0H Net average sales 30,145 GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK. Subscribed In mv p.esenee and sworn to belore me this 28th day of February.A. D. M. B. HUNUATE. (Seal.) . Notary Public. a Delaware holds the long-distance rec ord for senatorial deadlocks. Pope Leo XIII Is certainly the grand old man of the twentieth century. Legislative, proceedings at Lincoln fall to show that the deficiency In the gas supply at Omaha reached to the state capital. That American dentist expelled from Saxony because of too Intimate ac quaintance with the former crown prln cess must have lost his pull. Notice how all the congressmen are preparing to go home as soon as possl ble after the congressional adjourn uient that is all but Dave Mercer. Spring house cleaning has commenced In dead earnest InJhe federal building The passing of Gadet Taylor Is only the forerunner of several other passings. ' Nebraska's six new congressmen will now raise up their hands and take the solemn oath that will entitle them to $100 a week and free passes from now until March 4, 1005. , The deadlock lu Delaware Is broken and the deadlock on the United States attorneyship Is rapidly approaching a crisis. The ' man with the long pole will knock the persimmons. The Postofflce department Is about to adopt a flag emblematic of the postal department. If something simple and unmistakable Is wanted a few mall sacks might be cut up Into squares. If the legislature will turn the search' light on the corporation lobby it will en counter much less trouble in carrying out the pledges made to its constituents in promoting the lntorests of the state. Merger is the order of the day. The consolidation of the county and city of Denver Is only a forerunner of the con aolidatlon of the county of Douglas and the city of Omaha. It may take' time, but it la bound to come. Bakers who conduct their Industries In Omaha ou a small scale are protest lng against the annual fee for the per mit to engage In such business. Bakers who put their.. loaves on a small scale should know-enough to keep mum. Queen Lit evidently has more friends among the senators than among the representatives In congress. Terhaps' this Is explainable, however, ffor the reason that the American House of Lords thinks it Is nearer to royalty than the lower house of the national legisla ture. It ought not to take much persuasion to Induce the city treasurer of South Omaha to act as custodian of the special library endowment fund. The library fund promises to have some money in It, while the other funds' entrusted to him are too ofteu ou the red ink side of the ledger. ' If we hud been compelled to go back to candlelight under a regime of munici pal gas works, what an outcry against municipal ownershli would have been evoked. But accidents will happen in the best regulated gas manufacturing plants, without respect to who owns or operates them. , s Inforuiuttou, Is . wired from Han Fran Cisco to the effect4 that the San Fran clseo Railroad. Terminal . and Ferrjr company lias Just secured , a freight terminal In Hun Kraut-loco at a cost of l.l(00,0(s for the site alone,' to which will be added, an fxpeune oT ;. KI.000 lu Improvements. If this valuable prop erty could, only have the benefit of Ne braska revenue laws Instead of paying taxes on 13.000,000 it would be as eased for about 130,000. ' A CASH iy PVIXT. A sample lirlck tf uniformity In rail- n ml tiixuilcii luia j ii-t Ixe.i lnbriciti'd liy 11 Xi'brnsku district Jnt'.uo I" a very unique opinion. It ni)nr Hint the KniiHMM t'lty & Oninlin. Uailrond coin nny snim yenrs nco'gnve a permit, or lonse to nn elevator company to erect elevators on llie rljrht of vvay at tv o of its stations In Ailunis county. The ele- ators were assessed for pnriMiscs of taxation liy the township assessors, but the claim was made that this was double taxation on the plea that the railroad right of way was assessed by the state board. , The railroad company paid the taxes levied on the elevators nder protest and liroopht suit against the treasurer of Adams county for the recovery of this tax on the claim. that when the elevators were erected the foundations were made of brick and stone, hence were a part of the rail road rtftht of way and could not be as sessed as chattels. This position , was upheld by the learned Judge looking through railroad spectacles and the county treasurer has been ordered to pay over the n mount of taxes levied to the railroad company. This decision is on a par with the rul ing of the federal Judge who recently decided that the east half of the Union Pacific bridge was not taxable for mu nicipal purposes In Council Bluffs be cause it did not enjoy the. benefits of police and water works protection. If levators erected Upon the right of way of a railroad, owned by private Individ uals or corporations, are exempt from taxation, a factory, a mill or a store house erected on the riffht of way of a railroad , would also be exempt from taxes, always providing that the under pinning of the structures was of brick and stone Instead of timber. The sophistry of the latter proposition Is transparept, but It is about on a par with all the arguments recently nd- vaneed by the railroad tax bureaus and, corporation lobbyists. In the first place, elevators are not included among the fixtures appertaining to a railroad or necessary to the operation of a rail- ' t road. They are never returned to the Alaska homkhtkad law. state board among the rolling stock. The enactment of the Alaska home depots and other tangible improvements stead law will undoubtedly ; prove of on the right of way and are not even great benefit to that territory. It Is returned as property of the road, and reasonably expected to stimulate the in therefore their assessment would not be crease of population, those familiar double taxation. with the country asserting that the In the next place, the law does not contemplate the omission from the tax list of improvements erected on the right of way, or depot grounds leased for private speculation." If such dls- crlmlnatlon were permissible under the law, the Omaha Smelting works, which stand upon Union Pacific grounds, now assessed for three-quarters of a million, would be exempt from taxation, and warehouses, elevators and coal yards established within the railroad right of way could claim exemption from taxa- tlon, providing they were fastened to the earth by , piers Instead of -being chained down by solid masonry. ... . . But the decision In Adams county Is the natural sequence of the uniformity witn which the railroads are trjing to avoid their Just burdens of local taxa- tlon by court-made law. - PU8H TRUST LEUISLATWX. Under the authority given by recent legislation the attorney general of the favorable as In some of our northwest Uulted States has taken the necessary em states. The false impressions which action to ootam precedence ana an I early argument for the case of the Lnlted States against the Noitheru Se- curltles company. The new law pro- vides that the attorney general niay file a certificate that, in his oplulou, "tne case is or general public import- ance," and upou such filing the "case shall be giveu precedence over others and in every way expedited, and lie as- signed for hearing r.t the earliest prac- t lea Die day, berore not less than three of the circuit Judges of said circuit." In promptly availing himself of the au- thority conferred by this act. Attorney General Knox has given assurance of his purpose to push proceedings against the combinations which he may believe to le violating the law. This . the public expects him to do. The legislation of congress, if less com- plete for trust regulation than could have been wished, is yet sufficient to enable the attorney general to press the evade paying city taxes on all of their enforcement of the laws. . For this pur- valuable terminal property that re pose he has been supplied with ample ce'ves the benefits of costly city gov- funds. a necessary Drovislon which nn. til now congress had failed to make. The anti-trust .act of 18!) Is In full force and It Is the-common belief that most of the combinations exist In con travention of that taw. - They cannot all be reached at once. The attorney general may Institute proceedings against the more conspicuous among them, but he will be careful to know his ground and not. act with undue haste. The decision of the supreme court of the United States seems to warrant the opinion that there Is not an exhitlnit combination. Pn-oH in , - - r-r- ' ,u terstate or foreign commerce, that does not ' Violate 1 the ' law by in ' some way operating in rcHtrniut of trade. The Iepartment of Jnstlce, however, can not wisely or safety act upon this the ory. It will not proceed blindly, but must have substantial grounds upon which to base Its cases. It must have Information that win jiiKtify action and this cannot te obtained in a day. When the bureau of corporations hall have tceu organised, it may be able to sup ply much necessary Information to the legal department of the government. Attorney general Knox haa been to no small extent instrumental in secur- lng the new anti-trust legislation. He has shown an earnest sympathy with President Roosevelt In the matter and his recommendations, were in the main aecepteu t.y congress. There Is every reason, therefore, to expect that he will make every effort to enforce the aqtl- trust laws, ana tnat he will act as promptly and vigorously as elrcum - stances will admit of. It Is not an easy and simple- task. Tbe great corpora tlons will not surrender at the first at ti.k. l.:t will fjiht lui'l. 'iu;it ll.e.V must uKiu iil' ly yield Is not to be (htibted. l,r the pci pie have the power through their rcpieM iitntives to compel Mihinissioif. The highest tribunal has suid that the authority of coiinret. over forTX'riitl'jnn engaged In commerce Hinojig the states and with foreign na tions is practically unlimited. PASAMA I'AXAL ItTMX. It has becu apprehended that the option of the Krvmh company to sell the Panama canal would die today un less the treaty with Colombia was rati fied. It had been agreed that the option should run until March 4, 1IMI3, and It was thought possible that In the event of the treaty not being ratified by that date the French company would refuse to extend the option and demand more than tire $40,IO(),000 agreed upou as the price to be paid by the United States for the cunal. This led the Washington authorities, when It became apparent that the treaty would not be ratified at thin session, to ask for an extension of the option. At torney General Knox yesterday an nounced that the request had been ac ceded to and the report Indicates that the French company has ' placed no limitation upon the extension and Is willing to wait until the canal treaty Is ratified, whenever that may le. It being ussured, of course, that the time will not be remote. That the Panama company Is very anxious to dispose of its property Is well understood, but It would have been quite justified in declining to extend the option unless the price to be paid was Increased. It would seein that Senator Morgan would now realize the absolute hope lessness of further opposition to the canal treaty and terminate the effort to defeat its ratification. There Is no question that he most earnestly and profoundly believes all that he has sold against the Panama route, but he is In a very small minority and ought to give up the useless fight. want of such a law has. preventajd people going to Alaska for permanent settlement. It is a quite general notion, particularly in the east, that there is little in that territory to Invite popula- tion and that -there Is small chance of it ever being much better settled than at present. It is needless to say that this is an entirely mistaken idea, as the result of investigations by government officials conclusively shows. The fact Is that there is a very large area of Alaska that Is available for agriculture and it Is highly probable that most of this will be taken up tinder the homestead law within a comparatively few years and a prosperous community estab- llshed where novr there are few people According to government report there is a region suitable for airriciiltiirp capable of sustaining a very consld- erable population and where the cli- mate during most of the year is as have widely obtained in regard to Alaska are of course largely responsible for the past neglect of congress to make proper provision for the territory, but now that the value of the resources of that country Is better It will receive the consideration It merits. It Is a rich nossesslon. which has already repaid many times what our government paid Russia for it and will continue to contribute liberally to the national wealth, I 1 Speaking of the stock and bond basis of valuing railway franchises, Repre- sentatlve Loomls Is quoted as saying tnat "neither this nor any other plan ror assessing their franchises will be satisfactory to the railroads." The only Plan tnat W'U. l sotlsfactory to the railroads is the present plan, whereby tDpy not only escape paying taxes on their franchises altogether, but also eminent. It is not explained whether Presi dent Roosevelt's, call -for au extra ses sion immediately on the heels of the dead congress was planned to give the venerable members of the senate the benefit of mileage from their respective homes to the capital without , wearing off any of their shoe leather or whether It was intended as a temporary relief to the various railroads and sleeping car companies that are expected to curry to from thpr honu8 on presen r Pce or pasteboard. The mayor of Council Itluffs declares that because the proceeds of the mu nicipal tax levy Is Insufficient It Is ab solutely necessary to flue fnllii women periodically to raise the funds needed to maintain several city departments. The reason the proceeds of the mu nicipal tax levy are Insufficient Is be cause the lu!ou Pacific railroad refuses to pay city taxes on its valuable bridge and terminal facilities that ure within the city limits. City 1 Treasurer llennlngs estimates that the enactment of the so-called acav enger law to expedite the collection of drilnnnent taxes would about hold the Clty even with the loss of railway taxes held up by Injunction. Whether the scavenger law would put the county fnds on a stable basis has not been figured out. The county finances arc KUOwn to be in fur worse hape than the clty finances, l I Aceordlug to the exhibit made by the - 1 Bureau of Insular Affairs the exports from the Philippines now exceed the InitxiriH Into the Mmul. Unfortunately the table fa!!- to show what part U played by the Importation of American bottled g(ods and whether the' reduc tion In the military forces there Is re flects In the reduction of these Im putations. Truant Oillcer Parker has reported to the Board of Education that he has put up 100 copies of the autl-clgarette and tobacco laws, but up to date the cigar ette and tobacco dealers have discovered 110 perceptible drop "in their cash reg isters. Taking down the sign of a sa loon does not seriously impair the drink habit. ' Short and Pointed. Chicago Tribune. Few of the eulogies uo the Father of his Country ran be compared with the late Artemus Ward's. "O. Washington," said Artemus, "wus a roan who never slopped over." Passing 1 B a Possle. Detroit Free Press. If anyone can Secretary Cortelyou can. The puzzle Is to stop billion dollar abuses with a 1200,000 'appropriation. The major ity In the house evidently wanted to pass him a hard one'. Melancholy Record Unchanged. ' Washington Star. Not a year passes that does not bring forth announcements of the discovery of a remedy for some disease hitherto consid ered Incurable. And yet the health office reports continue to read about as usual. Presumption of the Defunct. Cincinnati . Enquirer. Colonel Bryan Is- asking Judge Parker questions, but the Nebraskan may not be accepted as the.nfflclal examiner. When the right time comes the Judge might not be found to be "slow" on questions him self. Sky-STreeplns; Orators-, . Louisville Times. The Missouri legislator who referred to his opponent In debate as "a noise with hair on it," must take off his hat to Senator Klttlnger of the Indiana senate for his eloquent description of Senator Park as a whining old whiskered sanctuary." Verily, it is only to the shorn Iamb that the legislative wind is tempered. Alt la the Climate. Boston Transcript. For longevity of. Its pioneers and states men, commend us to Nebraska. That state has had thirteen governors since it was admitted to the union In 1867, and eleven of them are living. . Politics is apparently a more healthful occupation In Nebraska than in any other state in the union. Cer tainly Massachusetts cannot begin to mar shal any such array of ex-governors. HI 1st era for dad Hands. New' Tork Bun. One of the sweetest sights In this world of Joy Is the candidate patronising agrl- 1 culture. The candidate lovea everybody that has a vote, but If you believe him he Is happiest when he is among the farmers. This Is especially the case if he is unifor- tunate enough 6 live, In a city. He likes to "get down 'to' mother earth;" to look Into ' the tanned: and ' manly faces of the tillers of the soll;"to grasp, the sinewy hands bf those" 'who wrest wealth from the around! the feeders of the world, the mot Intelligent, fhe'jfjost Independent, the most indispensable of 'all our noble army of freemen. ' :" .Inllaeinr, that, De "' Detroit - Free Pr ebanch. lress. Fully 90 per 'cent of all that is dis honest, all that, Is corrupt and all that Is menacing to free Institutions In municipal and state government can be traced di rectly to the' Influence of these quasi public corporations upon local politics. They not only debauch city and state gov ernments, but It is their consistent policy to maintain these governments In a state of prostitution their influence is cast hab itually against all decency and efficiency and Integrity in public affairs. The sen timent In favor of municipal ownership Is grounded almost wholly In the belief that the people have no other mean of pro tecting themselves against the rapacity and criminal greed of quasi public cor porations. They are not flying to municipal ownership, but) are being driven to It as a last desperate measure. The Woman . with Hnmor. T.IIUan 'Belle In Harper's Baiarj If you consider the list of your friends It will not take you long to dlacover that the woman you like best la the woman with a sense of humor. She is the only one you 'think of first if you are getting up a picnic or a card party. You do not, perhaps, formulate It even to yourself, but In your mind she stands for the utmost good humor. If .It rains or If it shines, lf anybody else is cross or grumpy, the woman with a venae of humor can extract fun out of the dreariest proposition, and the first thing you know she has set every body to laughing at her droll aaylngs, and turned defeat Into triumph, for who cares whither your original plan was carried out or not, Just so everybody has a good time? A sense of humor Is said to be lacking In most women. Aas! I have found thia only too true, but I have noticed that when a woman dors have It, the men are the first o find it out. and all she has to do to acquire a husband is to pick and choose. The day of the girl with the do.l face Is going out and tie day of the girl with a sense of humor Is coming in. ELIMINATING TUB WATER. Public Distrust of Watcr-Loaaed In dustrial Storks. United States' Investor. The inflation Injected Into the capitaliza tion of our Industries In recent years, to gether with that Injected Into commodity prices, has all got to be eliminated event ually. That Is Inevitable. But Jt will Lot be eliminated until those who have in jected It are compelled by stern necessity 1 to let go their' grip. And they will uot let go their grip until the banks refuse any longer to furnish them the means to hold on. The banks, of course, do not wxnt to withdraw assistance so long as lh-r Is any hope that the boomers of stores and of commodity prices may work out their plans successfully. ' But the banks baVe got to do one thing or the other they must either call in their loans or Increase them. Now the present policy may be kept up for a considerable period longer, but eventually one of two things must bsppen: Either the general public must consent to buy some hundreds of millions of Inflated capataltzatlon at fancy figures, and to continue Indefinitely to pay Inflated commodity prices, or there must be a wholesale contractlot of capital izations and of commodity prices. Evi dently the public baa no Intention of ever buying the Inflated capitalization at the prices demanded (or It; and evidently they cannot much longer afford to pay tne pres rot Inflated commodity prices. What then will happen?. Tbe answer ought to be obvious. Meanwhile such - bank state. ments as that of last Saturday, it re peated very ofup, will have a tendency to make us think that, arter axi, id id evluble result 1 not far off. OFFICIAL SII.I.Y 9KA80. It la In Foil n;i.ni at Varlona tste I'anHota. New Tork Mull and Express. In England "the silly seasons." so-calleC, (s due about midsummer. It afflicts Lon don snd spares the provinces. The Ameri can silly season comes earlier. Through gracious dispensation of Providence It sel dom Invades Washington. It spends Its force In the minor capitals, where the law makers of the several states are gathered In solemn session. These are the days when It s al Its height. It begins about the second week in February and lasts through the third week In March. Al though distinctly a state phenomenon, Its features are substantially Identical every where. It can be recognized by an Irre alstlble tendency to Introduce measures wearing the hallmark of Intended humor. Why all the Illustrations of freak legis lation should be 'crowded into the second half of a session Is a problem for the anato mist of melancholy, or perhaps for the po litical pathologist. There are those who maintain that the untrained intellects, pos sessed by the class of men which Is be coming prevalent at the state capitals, give way after about six weeks of unaccus tomed celebration. From February 10 on, according to this school of opinion, they are unable to attend to their duties. The waggish bills they Introduce thenceforth are symptomt of a double hallucination that should invite the attention of alien ists. They are supposed to be proper legis lation and they are supposed to be real humor. For a variety of reasons which will sug gest themselves, and which it would be Impolite to specify, the southwest offers the most congenial soil for this species of Intellectual fungUB. But. no region Is ex empt. The venerable bill taxing bachelors and spinsters has just been Introduced at Albany. Illinois Is discussing the prohi bition of foot ball. Utah has been asked to establish an annual "washday" Its ad vocates maintain that such an Institution would put the Mormon commonwealth "one ahead" of its present practices. The northwestern states are wrestling with that veteran of sumptuary legislation, the bill to do away with "Mother Hubbards" In their subtler jnodern guise of tea gowns. In the border states the sanitary aspect of kissing has come under the purview of the lawmakers. The southwestern states, as usual, are pioneers In aggression. They have usurped the exclusive control of International mat ters which the constitution vests In the federal government. Texas wants to tax lords; Missouri wants to brand and li cense them. Texas has another pet meas ure. It Is thinking of framing the cotton handkerchief which Mrs. Roosevelt sent to some Dallas women, and filing It solemnly away In the archives of the commonwealth, as a specimen of "Its leading output" whether this Is baled cotton or baled humor Is not clearly Indicated In the text of the resolution. The proper attitude of mind for the na tion to assume toward the merry men of the legislatures is not one . of indignation. If It cannot share their guffaws, at least It can exprets its sympathy and cut the legis latlve sessions in two. The argument of a Utah newspaper that the state would be better served If it eleoted jackrabblts in stead of men to its councils Is stimulating rather than useful. FOLLOWING THB 8TAH OF EMPIRE. Trend of the World's Commerce Dis tinctly Westward. Engineering Magazine. The European malls snd passengers al ready o from London to eastern Asia by way . of Canada,' because ft Is shorter and there Is a saving of ten days in time.' The limits Imposed on cheap freight traffic from Europe to Asia are: The tolls through the Sues canal, the size of ships that can pass the Suez canal, the cost of coaling along the route and the distance. -Tolls may be abolished, but this Is not likely. It will take years to deepen the canal even it this project should be advo cated.. The cost of coal along the route, as well as the distance, will always be a serious drawback. There is abundant and cheap coal In Great Britain, on the At lantic seaboard, on Puget Sound and all along the line of the northern roads, snd there are an unlimited number of empty freight cars westbound. By building the largest shlpa In the world, even though they run under the most expensive Amer ican register, by filling the westbound rnrs at a rate a little more than the cost of band ling, Mr. Hill knows that he can turn the export trade with western Asia from its 300-year-old way past India to the direst Pacific sea route past Alaska. ' PERSONAL SOTES. The sultan of Turkey has given another reform pledge. In some ways be is a promising sovereign. Count Boni de Castellans favors a Franco American alliance. No wonder. The one he arranged for himself was advantageous. Students at Stanford university have been forbidden to flirt. The faculty does not believe a love of study should lead to a study of love. Many a much younger statesman marvels at the remarkable vitality of Senator Mor gan, who during tho present session has contributed over 200,000 words to the Isth mian canal discussion. Representative Grosvenor has Introduced a hill to reimburse Jacob Rltterbsch, a stage carpenter at Ford's theater. Wash Ington, when Lincoln was shot, for a bag of tools he lost in the confusion. 8enator "Joe" Blackburn of Kentucky was caught recently smoking a big black hri.r nlDe In the senate lobby. "Is this senatorial dignity V asked a friend. "No, senatorial comfort." was the reply. Senator Penrose of Pennsylvania is tem porary custodian at Waahlngton of three bullets csrefully preserved in a piusn-cov-ered box. They were phot Into various por tions of the anatomy of Captain Joe Rels- Inger of Franklin, Pa., during the civil war and they back up the captain's claim to a medal of honor. English editors take such delight in pit lng up accounts of American catastrophes whilst they slight every other torm oi American news that It will doubtless afford a arlm eatlsfactlon to many an editor on hU side to be able to "tnrow up tne story of railroad snd other horrors caused by the recent cyclonic disturbances in me British Isles. Henry Rice Adams of Minneapolis ha been chosen grand master of Masons In his state, but that is not the only distinc tion of which be can boast. In early days hla father lived In Monticello, Minn., where he erected a store with a lodgeronm on the upper floor. While waiting for his residence to be remodeled Mr. Adams and family lived In the lodgeroom, which is how his son csme to be a real native Mason, tbe only one of his kind so far as la known. Colonel J. D. Shires of Marlon county, Kentucky seems to be rather radical In his ldess. "I am In favor," he ssys, "of put ting up all county offices for sale to tha highest bidder. Let the auctioneer run each office to the highest notch, then knock It off Tbe money thus obtslned should bo used for building and bettering roads. As It is worked now csndldates with money behind them buy the offices from floaters, who spend money In riotous living before they get home and leave their families breadlcss." MONROE DOCTRINE SCORED German Economic, Professor Dabs it Mere Empty Pretention. 1 RIDICULES AMERICAN BOASTFUL CLAIMS Says I nlted States Haa Ma Interest la Sontliern Hepnbtlca aaal Claims New Western Xatloa Haa Not Vet Benefited World. - BERLIN, March S. "The Monroe doe trine," says Prof. Adolph Wagner, "is an empty pretension -behind which there is neither enerreilc will nor actual power." , Herr Wagner is prtfessor of political economy at Berlin university and was re cently asked whether the Monroe doctrine was, in a moral sense, as binding as Inter national law. His lengthy reply brings forth the above flat-footed statement. Example ol American Impertinence. 'La'ter'ae goes on: . 8c a real y oouid uch a doctrine be forced Upon- a .Conquered people after extraordi nary victories. No people and no great ruleiv ever . proclaimed such a doctrine. KeltheriKiifrland nor Huasla, nor Napoleon at the helgal of bis power, ever made a similar pretension. VNot-even the United States' predominant Interests are behind this unheard-of as sumption. South America Is neither geo graphically nor historically so allied with Nofth -America and the United States as to justify eucli a pretension even from a North American standpoint. The divisions of Kuropean politic and lai k of Insight Into and recognition of the solidarity of the Interests of middle, west ern anil southern Europe, whtch will re main the chief theme of human civilisa tion, explains why Europe, why Germany even, takes this empty pretension Into con sideration. From the standpoint of the wider Oer nianlc races, a political recognition of the Monroe doctrine would be a false step, even If it were settling the world ques tion . whether the Germanic or Romanic elements should dominate the world. As a member of the Germanlo race, I do not want to see the Komanlo element pressed to the wall, because It Is Indispensable to the world's civilization and Is a necessary complement to Germanic civilisation. This applies to Italy and France, and even to , Spain. What do we Germans owe to ' them? w nat would our civilisation re without Italy or without France? They are as Indispensable' to us as the eloeslc peoples were. No objective member of the Germanic race can wlrh to see the world exclusively Germanic, but if we once con cede to the United States predominance In South America, according to the Mon roe pretension, would German Interests be promoted; tnereny; wouia noi we uer mans be completely pressed to the wall by the English element on both aide of the sea? We really have no Interest In furthering the preponderance of the United Slates or England, or both. The world'a civiliza tion wou'd hardly be advanced thereby. Aside from some technical and business snhcres. what have the United States done of Importance for the civilisation of the world'.' What have tney done that de serves to be named In the same breath with the achievements of Italy and France? Middle, western and southern Europeans, hold yourselves together against the east as well as the far west. That seems to me to be the only right answer to the Monroe pretensions. The Germanic people should not act against, but should act with the Romanic, peoples. That would serve tbe true Internets of the civilization of the world. Thinks Silence is Beat. Prof. Eduard von Hartman, tha philoso pher, declined to discuss the. question, be cause, he said, it was "Inexpedient, since the Americans make capital out of both affirmative and negative answers." He added: An anrlnrRmnpn t of the Monroe doctrine. however, hedged with qualifications, would be accepted as a recognition of their pro gram, while the merest theoretlcai criti cism would be Interpreted aa expressing Germany's plans for conquest, and the American people would bo called on to resla the same, i Silence Is best;. Baron von Zedlltz una Neukircn, a mem ber of the. Prussian Diet, and editor of the Berlin Post, wrote: The Monroe doctrine Is, from the stand point of International law, a nonblnding monologue, whose enforcement Is purely a question of force. German Interests, however, are so little touched by the doc trine, at least as Interpreted In the Venez uela Incident, that we have no practical need for opening the question. , Prof. Hans von Delbruck of Berlin uni versity, discussing Venezuela in me Preusslsche Jahrbuecher, alludes to tne perfidious nature" of the American policy and advocates an alliance tetween Great Britain and Germany. "Then," he says. we should see the strongest coalition In the world, as "while Germany covered Great Britain's rear against Russia and France, It could develop an overwhelming supe riority toward the United States. Germany would have no need to fear the Franco- Russian alliance, because with Great Brit ain It would be sure of Italy's support, while Austria In Its own Interests would bring iUelf alongside of Germany." NEBRASKANS ARE CONFIRMED Reese Becomes Broken Bow Receiver and EmmUitos Pender Postmaster. WASHINGTON, March 8. Conflrmatlans by the senate: O. c. Holt, United States district Judge for the Southern district of New York; E. 8. Cunningham of Tennessee, consul at Bergen; John T. Vivian, surveyor sjsneral of Colorado. Registers of land offices: Lee Fairbanks, pel Norte, Colo.; 8. A. Abbey, Pueblo, Colo.; D. H. Budlohg. Coeur d'Alene, Ida. Receivers of land offices: John J. Lam bert, Pueblo, Colo.; John B. Reese, Broken Bow, Neb. . . Postmasters: Nebraska A. Emmlngton, Pender. Colorado E. Tague, Las Animas. Kansas J. H. Buckman, Lyndon. Utah B. F. Boothe, Brlgham. Steamer Merlon Still Aareond. oiternstown. March i. The Dominion line steamer Morion, from Boston for Liv emool. which went aground near Kocques Point last Sunday, is still fast. Tbe weather httu moderated, hut three tugs, which made I another attempt today to release tne ves sel, failed to do so, ana more powerful tugs have been ordered to the scene from Liv erpool. The officers of Merlon believe there is every possibility of the alilp being saved, although It is feared the rock has pierced the bottom forward. All the passengers have been removed and have proceeded to Liverpool by the way of Dublin. IT IS OUR to put the finest of garments for men and bojn within the reach even of the humblest purse, and one may be as well dressed in our store in ten min utes' time as in the custom tailors, where it's neces sary to wait two weeks and pay twice as much. ,VO CLOTHING FITS LIKE OUKS. i Flfjr Years the Standard Awi'dsd . . Klghest Honors World' Fair Klj-hnt tetts U.S. Gov't Chtmlsts snoa aaiMO rowotft oo. ONioaoo WHITTLED TO A POINT. "Is it true that the elder Miss Bullion Is to marry her father's- clerk?" "Oh, yea. I understand he waa threat ened with discharge If ha didn't aocept," Puck. Jim Has that candidate for mayor any platform on which to ask-the nomination? Jam Sure; he needs the money and he wnnts the Job! Ain't that reason enoukh? Baltimore Herald. Kwoter Well, after all, you know, beauty Is only skin deep. ' t Newltt Tea and the people who refer to that fact most are usually extremely thin skinned about It. Philadelphia Press. "Have you got a gasometer, pa?". "No, Willie. Why 7" ' 'Cause you ought to have one an leave It In the parlor. I tell you the way young Dobsley u givln" Sis gas last night was wome'n a high wind." Chicago Post. . "Let the fight go on," said the trust mag nate, determinedly, "we'll nail our colors to the mast I" "But," protested the plain citizen, "black Is really not a color." Philadelphia Catho Uo Standard. Kitty What did you say when Harry told you that he loved you with an undying kve? Constance Oh, I fllnn t mind it. Marry, you know, used to do the press work for a traveling theatrical compeny. Boston Transcript, "Say!" the man who had never before at tended a concert remarked as the cornet soloist began his number, "who's the feller wavln' the little stick?" "'8h!" replied his neighbor, "that's tho Conductor or music." i "Oh! and la the feller with the horn the motorman?" Philadelphia Press. "Tea, all he docs Is to sit In a saloon nml growl about the wrongs of the working man." "Well, that's all right. Isn't It? He has three sons and a aon-ln-Iaw who are all hard workers." Cleveland Plain Dealer. "Suppose.' said the Imaginative philoso pher, that a fairy were to appear to you and promise to grant you three wishes. What would you ask for?" "If anything like that happened to me," responded Colonel Stllwell of Kentucky, "I'd ask for a pledge and sign It then and there." Washington Star. CROWN JEWELS. Jamee Barton Adams in Denver Post. In passing through this busy world, my friend, think not of self alone, And turn to other wayfarers a heart as cold au pulseless stone; Wear not upon your face the brand of cold, unfeeling s. flnhness. Nor turn a deafened easj to those who feet the talons of distress. With true nobility of mind endeavor to do all you oan ... To cast some sunshine o'er the clouds that hover 'round your fellow man. And you will reap a rich reward from out, the Master's fount of love, And every smile on earth will be a Jewel In your crown above. A cheery word when spoken to a man on brink of dark despair t May give him courage to again take up the load he has to bear. May blow to life and active flame the Give him the courage and the will to rise and make another start. A smiling face may prove a sun to tinge with gold the clouds of wrath i That pile themselves In threatening banks along some weary plodder's path A smile that twinkles from a heart 'that overflows with brother love, ' And It will prove a jewel In the crown that waits for you above. Do well yeur Christian duty in the glorious brotherhood of man , Remember as you pass along that life on earth Is but a span, ' That days and months and years fly by and from the cradle to the grave . Is but a brief, death-ending march along life's old and footworn pave. Do unto others as you'd hava them do to you were they the strong And you the wesk one Jostled by the ever restless human throng. u And scatter smiles and cheery words as down the tortuous trail you more, And every smile will flash again a Jewels In your crown above. CLOSING OUT we wjjj sell all plate Cameras at Half Price. Big discounts on all supplies. Call or write tor prices. ' J. C. HUTESON & CO., til 8. 16th 8t, Paxton Bloek. PRIVILEGE M. B. RVUom. Jkmaftn fillip 71