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TIIE OMAITA DAILY REE: WEDNESDAY, JUNE 3. 1003.
Tiie Omaiia Daily Bee E. ROSEWATEJl. EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVEKI MORN1NO. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Dallv Hee I without Sunday). n Yeur..$4) JJaoy itee and Sunday, One Year lliumrati'ii lice, uiw i'eur BuncUy itee. One 1 ear tjalinnuy Hee, One Vtnr Twentieth Century Kirmrf, One Year. DELlVEKtD It if LAK1UEK. Dally Bee (without (tiiinl.i'i. per copy.. iMlii iicii Iwiihriul f4nnd.it I. uer Week. ml 2.t) 2 ll 1.6(1 1.J0 . 2c .12c Lttily lice (including t.unilay), r week..liC bunuay Mee, per copy Evtnlng bee (Without Hunuuy), per week, be Evening ui-e (iiivluiiliiK bi.iuiny), per week 11,0 Complal.iis of h regularities In delivery Should oe addrcSBed to City Cliculation De partment. OFFICES. Omaha The Bee Building. ' Boutn Omaha lty nail liullding, Twen-ty-liiih ana M Kneels. Council lAuttn i" t'tarl Street. Chicago i4u I'nlty liiillulng. ew ork XOi i'ark How ttul'.dlng. Washington uol Fourteenth btreel. COKKESl'ONDK.SCE. Communications relating to news and edi torial mauei- Bin.uld i aduressed: oinaha Bee, EUlturiul ix-partment. REMITTANCES. Kemlt by drutt, express or postal order, payable to 'l he Hew i'ubilsnliig Company. Only 2-cent slamps accepted in payment of Ma. I accounts, fereonai checks, except on Omaha or eastern exchanges,' not accepted. XHJS BEE PLBLleiiiUMtl COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. Stats of Nebraska, Douglas County, sa.: George B. Tsscliuck, secretary ot Tne Bee Fublisnlng Company, being duiy sworn, says that the actual number ot full and complete copies or The. Daily. Morning, Evening and HundayBee printed during the month oi May, im, was u louows. 1 2 I...... .....'. ft 6 ...3O,t0O ...au,i7S ...um.kuo ...so,7uo ...S5,B7( 17 18. 1. 20...... 21 .aH,r,o 31,0'O 30,70 3D.HOO O,N70 ;n,;4o 22.. 7 30.U70 t :mio ..80.74( 1U .,.'.47,775 11 N440 12 aa,37o 13 ,..i)V,U20 14 30,7.10 U ao,ioo IS 80.HH0 23 30,t ( 2H,aao ? m so.etan k 20...... 30,71O : 27 30,750 18 30,MO 2 30.UHO 30..... 31.SBO 31.. 27,!HM ,&3,tMl Less unsold and returned copies. Net total sales W43,Brt2 Net average sales.... 80.437 GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK. Bubscrlbed In my presence and sworn to before me this 31st day of May, A. L. 1W3. M. B. HLTNQATE, (Seal.) Notary Public. That's bo What would some of our noisy orators do If "British free trade" no longer graced the political vocabu lary? What foresight the men who laid out Omaha displayed when they located the town high and dry above the river bot toms. . . The solicitude of our amiable popo cratlc contemporary for President Iioosevelt's political future Is really pathetic. It la a little late for the McKlnley club to go Into the harmonizing busi ness. But then, perhaps, it is never too late to mend. . It will be noted also that Colonel Perry 8. Heath Is still able to take a few vigorous pokes at Mr. Tulloch that land on the vital spots. To play uo favorites the council should now receive bids from the other railroad companies to establish offices In the city hall also. On the St. Louis midway we may expect the panorama of the Topeka tempest to take the place of the pan orama of the Johnstown flood. It turns out that the malls are badly congested and delayed by the water In flooded districts. . The federal courts may get a chance to Interpose yet with their Injunctions. With a few more days of rain we will all be iu position to appreciate as never before the peculiar predicament in which Mr. Noah and his famous family once fbund themselves. On the program presented for the president's delectation at Cheyenne wus "A. half mile ladies' cow-pony race." If the race was as picturesque as the English It must have been perfectly delightful. A successful test of wireless telegraphy bas Just been had between Milwaukee and Chicago. If this can only be fo! lowed up with the successful installation of a plpeless pipeline Milwaukee may yet make Chicago famous. L , 1 ... MX'J - The flooded cities of Kansas, Missouri and Iowa are entitled to big credit marks for the pluck they are exhibiting In coping with the situation. In this they are showlcg themselves fully im bued with, true 'western characteristics. The auditor's biennial summary of the legislative appropriations shows that the last Xebrasku legislature voted authority for the spending of 93,557.381, which exceeds the highest previous record by over fiiOO.OuO. Legislatures come high, but we must have them. The weather man should call off his dogs of rain if only to clear the track for the, big bunch of June brides who are counting on a blissful honeymoon which would certainly be too awfully awful if sidetracked at some little way station on account of soft roadbed. If the plHgue of lobsters has been en tlrely averted over at the county court house. the county commlbsiouers might try to find time to fix up the contracts with the depository bunks so that the taxpayers will hereafter Iks credited with the interest earned by the county balances. The democratic organization in Ne braska has to oil the wheels up with some kind ot ou oil scandal or the ma chine might fall to picveg of dry rust. It would be well to remember that the fusion reformers bad complete control of the state government not so long ago, but It never moved a step 'in the direc tion of raising the oil test lor the ex clusion of poor grade oils from Nebraska and the protection of oil consumers. AMERICA PRODCCERS INTERESTED. The extent to whirl! American pro durvrs are interested In the question of a change In British fiscal policy can be best understood by ' reference to the statistic!! of foodstuffs exported from this country to the United Kingdom in 1!01. These amounted In value to over fJi'itJ.OdO.noo. Hiking Into account only the principal Articles of export, includ ing corn, wheat and wheat flour, fresh beef and other meats and lnrd. If the policy that is being urged by M. Cham berlain should bo adopted it could not fall to have some effect upon these ex ports, but to what extent can only be estimated when n plan shall have been formulated discriminating in favor of the products of the British colonies. In any event the United Kingdom must continue to import foodstuffs from this country, because the colonies will not for many years, if ever, be able to supply the demand. At present hardly a tenth of England's annual imports of cattle and meats come from her colonies; of wheat perhaps one-fourth conies from Australia, Canada and British India. The proposed policy would possibly have the effect to stimulate production in the colonies and especially in Canada, but it would be a long time before im portations of foodstuffs from other coun tries could be very materially reduced. The producers of those countries, how ever, would be at some disadvantage to competition with the colonial producers, though probably this would be slight. The question whether the United States will retaliate, by making prefer ential tariff treaties with other countries than Great Britain, in case she dis criminates In favor of her own colonies, has been raised in England and It Is not unlikely may have a considerable Influence upon public opinion In con nection with the discussion of the Cham berlain policy. Should the fear of American retaliation take a strong hold there it Is quite conceivable that It ! might prove fatal to the proposed policy. British sentiment Is so general and earnest In favor of maintaining the closest relations, commercial and other wise, with the United States, that any thing believed likely to Impair such relations would be pretty sure of rejec tion. However, It Is not probable that this country would retaliate. Being a leader among protective tariff nations, we cannot reasonably object to any other country having a like policy so long as it does not unjustly discriminate against us. Moreover, the idea of re taliation bas never been very greatly favored by the American people, al though there has been In recent years no little provocation to resort to it If the proposed new British policy, there fore, should give to the United States equal consideration with other nations, which It is not to be doubted would be done, there would be no retaliation, be cause there would be no valid excuse or Justification for It , . - The question of a change inrflscal policy Is Just now pa Co mount In British attention, but there are many difficulties and obstacles In the way of the pro posed departure, some of which Mr. Chamberlain and his adherents may find insurmountable. A FORMIDABLE STRIKE, The strike of the textile workers In Philadelphia Is of formidable propor tions, Involving as it does about 90,000 operatives, and if prolonged, which seems probable from the determination expressed on both sides, will mean ti considerable loss to the industrial and general business Interests of that city. It grows out of a demand for increased wages and a reduction in hours of labor weekly, which most of the manufacture ers claim they cannot grant without ren derlng their business unprofitable, iseany all of them have therefore agreed to keep their mills shut for a year. If necessary. Thus there Is a lock out as well as a strike. The Philadelphia Press says In regard to the situation that in textiles the past twelvemonth, while one of large prod uct, has not been one of corresponding profit Wool and cotton have both risen and the price of the manufactured arti cle has not advanced in proportion. For some weeks past, also, there has been a check to the distribution of goods. Un der such circumstances the manufactur ers, or the larger number of them, feel that they cannot concede the demands of the operatives ond that it will be bet ter for them In the end to keep the mills closed indefinitely. It is stated that the operatives will lose $125,000 a day in wages and there will be some loss on the part of the manufacturers, though it Is not easy to calculate this. It is unfortu nate that there should be manifested on both sides a spirit hostile to conciliation for there is so much involved that there ought to be a sincere effort made to reach a fair settlement. WALL STREET L1QUIU ATlOX. liquidation on the New York Stock exchange continues and the situation is commanding earnest attention in east ern financial circles, with some feeling of anxiety. The decline in the prices of all securities has been heavy and it is noteworthy that the remarkable fall bas been nccompanied by no squeeze In money, no marked manifestation of panicky feeling and no noticeable break In tho general business prosperity. An other extraordinary feature is the ab sence of failures, though it is to be ap prehended that there will be some later. The situation has been likened to that of 1S83, when the general business con ditions closely resembled those now ex Istlni;. In that year the stock marke was greatly depressed and prices sunk pretty steadily clear to the end, though without causing panic or any note worthy failures, fctook Inflation, how ever, bud not then been carried to the ex tent it recently has aud the decline in prices for the entire year was less than It has been thus far In the present year. In its latest issue the Financial Chronicle expresses tha opinion that this liquids tlon, at least so far at the better class of securities is concerned, has spent its force, while the Inevitable and material decline in those stocks and the normal values now ruling for them have re moved an important source of general weakness. That careful and conserva tive Journal does not take an altogether optimistic view of the situation, remark ing that there are circumstances and disturbing Influence which may keep up for some time the existing state of unrest on the Stock exchange. The un questionable fact Is that there has been overspeculatlon and overproduction of securities, making Inevitable reaction and comparative depression. There is a lesson in the situation that is worthy of careful consideration. TR1BULA TOAS OF A TRCAXT OFFICER. The duty devolves upon the members of the Omaha Board of Education to do something to lighten the labors of their overworked truant officer. The report he has Just made, setting forth in detail the trials and tribulations of his office, certainly entitles him to sympathetic consideration. According to the truancy report dill gent chasing of the elusive small boy has uncovered the fact that $1,200,000 000 Is spent annually In this country for frothy beer and bad whisky. From wicked boys lurking behind barn doors with half-burned cigarettes In danger ous proximity to haymows. It has been learned that the nation's bill for to bacco that goes up annually in smoke or brown-stained expectoration foots up $000,000,000. By close examination of the wads found stuck on the bottom of school desks and with the assistance of mathematical experts on the teachers' payroll, It has been figured out that the annual rake-off for chewing gum masti-. cated by the American youth, Infantile and adult amounts to $30,000,000, and that the plastic mass If rolled out Into thin sheets would have served as an effective waterproof umbrella to shield 11 the flooded districts of the west gainst the destructive consequences of the recent downpour. That the truant children of Omaha are blessed with industrious imagina tions Is disclosed by the speculative con clusion, reached through association with them, that fifteen buildings equal in size and comfort to the Omaha post- office could be built out of blocks of chewing gum without exhoustlng more than one year's crop. If tobacco plugs were used as the building material the number could be increased to 600, and by rearing the walls of beer kegs and whisky barrels the harvest of public buildings could be doubled. How many buildings like the Omaha postoffice could be added to the country's substan tlal wealth If the women would agree to do without silk dresses and the men to discard collars and neckties bas not yet been computed, but we may feel assured that subsequent reports of the truant officer will delve more deeply Into these Important subjects. In the meantime, the record would not be complete without the Information that between the dates of April 18 and June 1, a period covering thirty-seven days exclusive of Sundays, the truant officer made 278 calls on the parents or guardians of children who failed to answer "present" at the daily roll call in the school room, or seven and one half, calls per day, and has drawn his salary regularly. The United States supreme court lyis decided that the power of taxation can not be used by a municipality to compel the abolition of overhead wires and un sightly poles, intimating that the au thority of the municipal bodies to levy such taxes must be limited to reasonable recompense for the cost of regulation and supervision. The taxing power. however. Is exercised by congress for all sorts of objects entirely at variance with the theory of compensation, as, for example, when It taxes state bank notes out of existence or stops the sale of colored oleomargarine by a stamp duty. In the opinion the court declares that a city may have authority by virtue of its police powers to compel removal of dangerous wires, but that it is ques tionable whether it can secure the result by excessive and unreasonable charges upon the maintenance of overhead wires. In other words, by the fine spun legal line, the city may make the erection of poles in the streets a misdemeanor, sub ject to a heavy fine, but it cannot im pose the fine in advance in the shape of a special tax on each pole. City Attorney Wright is compelled by his conscientious scruples to' construe the new charter amendmeut to the effect that none of the employes of the public works department, who served the cltv during; the months of April and May, have any legal claim to their wages not withstanding the fact tnat they per formed the work and the city got the benefit of it. Of course, it would be rash to guess whether Mr. Wright's opinion would have been the same had these men been put to work by a demo cratic public works board instead of by a republican administration. The congressional vacancy left In Oregon by the death of the late Con gressman Tongue will be followed by the reappearance of Blnger Hermann on the floor of congress, transferred from the commisslouershlp of the general land office, which he occupied until recently. When congress comes to declare ques tions confronting It beuring on the fenc ing of the public domain and the irrlga tlon of the arid regions it will find Mr. Hermann ready with some useful In formation gleaned from his land office experience. President Itoosevelt declares that he has not only enjoyed to the full his trip across the country, but that he is convinced It lias made him a better American than be was when he started, although his thorough Americanism was never questioned. It is too bad every man, woman and child in the United States could not be Impressed through their own eyes with the magnitude and unity of the country they inhabit, as they would all be letter Americans for it The election of fourteen democratic Judges out of eighteen over In Chicago should be a warning to local republicans facing a judicial campaign that if they wont to elect a full list of republicans to the district bench here they will have to put up candidates who command the confidence of the voters. Caste amd Effect. Chicago Tribune. In view of E. Benjamin Andrews' desertion of the silver cause Editor Bryan Is not surprised at the Nebraska deluge. A task from Old Frleads. Philadelphia Press. The Fntllsh proposition to abandon the free trade policy shows no consideration whatever for the democratic party in this country. A Coasplraejr that Failed. Chicago Record-Herald. The people who thought they were going to put r.oosevelt on the shelf by nomina ting him for vice president have about made up their minds that they ought to have tried some other scheme. Getting; Neat to a Good Thing;. Detroit Free Press. A clever politician like Mr. Chamber lain must also appreciate the political advantages of protection. When the oppressive schedules have been estab lished, the party ', In power can always plead for another term on the ground that the tariff ought to be reformed by its friends. Words of Great Weight. St Louis Globe-Democrat. This nugget of wisdom is from the presi dent's speech at Boise: "The forests and the grasses are not to be treated as we properly treat mining that is, as material to be used up and nothing left behind. We must recognise tha fact that we have passed the stage when we can afford to tolerate the man whose object la simply to skin the land and get out. We must handle the water, the wood, the grasses so that we may hand them on to our children and children's children In better and not worse shape than we got them." These are words of decided weight touching the resources and economlo future of the United States. Spanish War Pensions. Portland Oregonlan. The Spanish war . lasted only a short time, and there was very little fighting; the larger number of those who enlisted never left the United States, and yet 66,000 have so far applied for pensions. The pension office has rejerted 18,186 claims, but there were 84,210 pending May 1. About 13,000 pensions on account of the Spanish war have been granted, including 8.100 of the widow and dependent class. More pen sions have been granted m account of the Spanish war than had been granted up to 18(54 on account of tha civil war. In 1861 the applications numbered, 2,47. and 462 pen sions were allowed; In 1863 there were 7.S84 allowed, and the.munber was 9,977 In 1876. Doped Win, from Abroad. New .TPSk .World. Steps are being ,taken in the bureau of chemistry, Department of Agriculture, at Washington' to secure a rigid enforcement of the law against the importation of adul terated goods. In connection with this sub ject attention Is again directed to the fact that Impure wines In large quantities are brought here both from. Germany and France. Chemical compounds variously colored and having small trace of grape Juice are sent to America in plain bottles to be labeled as dealers choose. From Havre, according to a department agent, a thriving trade la done In a liquid prepared from American apple cores and skins shipped to France In bulk and colored with Brazilian logwood. POSING AS A MARTYR. . . ' Pertinent Information Sonant from the Chief Sufferer. Brooklyn Eagle (Ind. dem.). In the current Issue of the Commoner appears the statement that the "advo cates of the Chicago and Kansas City platforms have . shown their willingness to suffer for their convictions." Mr. Bryan makes no effcrt to Interpret that declaration. He does not say when and where any soch w-llllngness was exhibited. Nor does he explain what is the nature of the suffering or by whom it Is Imposed. Who is It that Is suffering? Why, when, where, how? What fort The advocates of the Chicago platform hoped that the country would accept It at the polls In 1?96, which the country saw fit not to do. Being defeated, thoso of them who remained true to the cause returned to the charge four years later, to sustain another defeat. They were animated not by will ingness to suffrr, but bv a desire to win. It Is the shallowest sort of nonsense to put tho. matter In any other way. The Bryan disposition to pose as a martyr Is amusing TREES On THE SANDHILLS. Experiment ot the Government At. tract la a; Wide Attention. Chicago Inter Ocean. The United States government's attempt to solve the serious problem of forest destruction Is being watched with the at tention the Importance of the experiment warrants. It Is proposed to grow new sup pile not only on the cutover lands of re gions once timbered but In regions where there Is nothing but open plain. Perhaps the most Interesting feature of this large and varied undertaking Is the attempt to cover with forests tho sandhills of western Nebraska a seeming impossi bility. Two reserves have been created In tho sandhill region one between the Dis mal and Loup rivers of 86.000 acres and the other of 126.000 seres between the Nio brara and Snnke rivers. The experiment of the government Is based upon the proposition that once this region was the bottom of a sea and that beneath these drifting ssnds is a subsoil that retains sufficient moisture to nourish certain kinds of pines which send their roots deep enough to tap the moisture contained In this substratum. For a year or more the forestry bureau has been studying these reserves. A nur sery was established st Halsey. In the val ley cf the Middle Loup river. Here nn pounds of seed, principally western yellow pine and red cedar and Jack pine, was pre pared for the spring sowing. Various scat tered areas hsve now been sown; later they will be united In one great forest. It Is evident that this is a marvelous undertaking. If this forest growing Is successful It will change the face of these plains and the climatic conditions. If the man la a benefactor who makes two blades of grass grow where one grew before, what shall be said of the government's work In making forests to grow where before was only drifting aandf THE TOPEKA CALAMITY. Splendid Behavior of the People) In tho Face of nisaatrr. , Chicago Tribune. The first three months of 1903 were un marked by any serious disaster In this country. It was not until April that the first records of fatality began. In 'that month cyclones and storms swept through Arkansas and Alahatna, destroying over forty lives, and these have continued through the last month In Kansas, Ne braska, Missouri, Iowa and Oklahoma, adding forty more to the list of fatalities. The work of destruction has not ended yet. Following the cyclones come floods and fire In a portion of the same region, west of the Mississippi river. Corroaratlvely small rivers, swollen by heavy rains, have overflowed their banks, Involving millions of dollars in Industrial losses at Dei Moines and Ottumwa, la., Lincoln and Beatrice, Neb., Lawrence and Sallna, Kan., and Kansas City. There has also been loss of life at some of these points, possibly a score all told, but dis aster In Its most fatal results and far reaching consequences has visited North Topeka, the Industrial section of the state capital, by the sudden overflow of the Kan as river. All of North Topeka Is under water and the flood has also made its way to the higher ground of South Topeka. Flood and fire, two antagonistic elements, have combined In the work of destruction. It Is too early as yet to state with any deflnlteness the extent of material losses or the number of lives which have been sacrificed to the swift rushing waters carrying burning buildings In every direc tion and causing scores of new fires, leav ing scores of human beings the sad alter native of choosing the least painful death by drowning. Apart from the loss of life, whntever It may be, the full extent of this calamity can be realised only when It is taken Into account that 7,000 persons In North Topeka alone are homeless and that business has suffered losses to the extent of 13,000,000. This means Increased losses to labor and losses of homes, and furniture, and cloth ing to thousands. It' means little short of complete ruin to a great number. Unless prompt, and thorough precautions are em ployed It may mean that pestilence will add to the mortality caused by Are and flood. The splendid manner In which the people of Topeka came to the rescue of tho unfor tunates and the prompt and business-like way In which the authorities acted, though unprepared when called upon, show that they have an undaunted spirit and resolute purpose in the face of calamity. "Blepd Ing Kansas" has been tried many a time in "the furnace of affliction," and proved herself made of good stuff. She will prove herself such now In this new and sudden misfortune. PERSONAL NOTES. James Buchanan Houston, a prominent New York broker and a godson of Presi dent Buchanan, died on Thursday last In New York. General M. W. Ransom, a former United States senator from North Carolina. Is de voting his time to farming and this year will run about 250 plows. Boston Is getting ready for the regular heated term of summer. The humane so ciety has bought 1.000 hats for the horses employed In the city to wear. The statue which the citizens of Paterson are about to erect In memory of the late Vice President Hobart will be unveiled In that city on Wednesday, June 3. John W. Griggs, ex-United States attorney general, will deliver the address. Rear Admiral Schley Is Just back from Mexico and enthusiastic. "Why," he says, "the mineral wealth of that country has not even been scratched; I consider Mexico one of the greatest mining countries of the world." He had a nice time with President' Dlas and came away admiring him more than ever. It la understood that W. K. Vanderbllt has definitely decided to take an active part in American racing and that he Is planning a stable of splendid proportions for 1904. One of his horses ran at Morris park the other day, that being the first time his colors have been seen In this country for some time. Edison and Marconi have Joined forces In wireless telegraphy, the former having be come a director of the Wireless Telegraph company. In consideration of a large block of stock he turns over several patents bear ing upon the transmission of wireless mes sages. He thinks that in a year the new system will be In perfect working order. Henry Hlssong, who lives near Fair Play, Mo., heard that there was burled treasure In an old limekiln near that town and went there one day to dig for It. After working a few minutes he unearthed a tin box which contained a (50 bill. He got clear to town before he noticed "Confederate States of America" printed across tho bill and realized that somebody had put up a Job on him. Investigation by officials of the Navy de partment leads to the conclusion that the large number of desertions from American war vessels are due In no small measure to the fact that recruits are disappointed. Recruiting officers paint the joys of service at sea in colors altogether too rosy and Instructions have been Issued that they cease doing so. Desertions average about 350 per month. Colonel Thomas Wentworth Hlgglnson lives In Cambridge next door to a Catholic priest, whose cow occasionally strays upon its neighbor's lawn, Inasmuch as no fence serves as a barrier. One day the priest asked Colonel Hlgginson If he objected to the. Intrusion of the cow on his lawn, to which the colonel replied: "No, I have no serious objection to the cow. I only draw the line at papal bulla." Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, prominent In anti-slavery work before the civil war. noted as a female suffragist and author of The Battle Hymn of the Republic," cele brated her eighty-fourth birthday last week, holding the usual Informal reception which has marked that event for many years. All of her children, several grand children and one great-grandchild were among the celebrants. J. W. BOOTH IS FOUND AGAIN Assassin Is Located In Oklahoma, bat This Time He Is Dead. ENID, Okl., June J. Junius Brutus' Booth, the actor and nenhew of John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of President Lincoln, has fully identified the remains of the man known as David E. George as his unole. George, or Booth, committed suicide here January 1 last, and in his effects was found a letter directed to K. L. Bates of Memphis, Tenn. Ml. Bates came here and fully Identified the body as John Wilkes Booth. He then went east snd has obtained positive Identi fication of the remains from the dead man's nephew and from Josepn Jefferson, Miss Clara Morris and a score of others who knrw lilm In his early days. Arording to Mr. Bates' story he acted as Booth's confidential agent and attorney for nearly forty years. After Lincoln was shot the assassin escaped to the Garrett planta tion In Virginia. According to Mr. Bates the man who was killed was named Ruddy. Being warned. Booth left Garrett's and was taken care of by friends In central Kentucky. He later settled at Glenrosc Mills. Tex., where he conducted a store for several years as John St. Helen, BITS OF WASHINGTON LIFE. Minor Scenes and Incidents Sketched on the Spot. Whatever troubles President Roosevelt encountered In his record-breaking tour of the Imperial west they may be classed as Insignificant compared with what Is coming to him at home. The children of the While House have watched with keen Interest the presentation of bears and catamounts snd wildcats and glla monsters and horned toads that have marked their father's progress through the west. They have unanimously decided that these same bears and catamounts and wildcats and all the rest are Just what Is needed to make the back yard of the White House attractive to small boys. They have platted their space and given the gardener directions as to the placing of each bear and cata mount of whose presentation they have read. And more catamounts have figured In certain eastern papers in this connec tion than ever ran wild west of tha Mis sissippi river. Their disappointment will be bitter and well vocalized when their present expecta tions are discounted with cold, hard facts and are made to square with President Roosevelt's Ideas of what Is and Is not good for small boys. He will have a hard time explaining. Most of the wild animals that have been handed over to him with such liberality will go to the Washington zoo, where some of them have already arrived and been domiciled. But It la un derstood that a compromise may be ar ranged on the basis of one very small bear cub. Patent office statisticians assert that Britons are the most Inventive of all for eigners; that for the year 1901 the patents Issued to British Inventors numbered !t, while the Germans, In spite of the ad vantages of cheaper drink and quieter sur roundings, come forward with only 743 In ventions. It Is granted, comments the Washington Times, that the Yankees are the leading Inventors, and naturally our cousins on the other side are next in line. But we remember that the Connecticut people are supposed to be the most inventive Yankees, whereas Benjamin Franklin was a Bos tonlan, and Samuel F. B. Morse and Ellas Howe were New Yorkers (as were the less well known but equally Interesting In ventors of the Cardiff Giant); George M. Pullman lived in Cook county, Illinois; the Maxims are Maine men; Thomas A. Edison comes from Ohio, and the world-frighting Gatllng opened his eyes In Dixie. Patents tell only a part of the story. They have nothing to say about those won derful airships (our foremost theorist on air sailing Is a Bostonian, Samuel Plerpont Langley,) that always go to smash Just before whirling around the vast empyrean, or about the still more wonderful per petual motion machines, or about the yet unattempted desideratum (greatest of all, perhaps) a machine to rock and sing the baby to sleep. The world Is yet at the mercy of infants and nurses. Nor do patents tell of the Inventors of gods and goddesses In the east, or of the Inventors of romances that publishers will not take a chance with. As for Connecticut's reputation, however, It will endure forever and brilliantly, If for no other reason that that, the prince of Yankee Inventors, the Hon. Phineas T. Barnum, author of "The Humbugs of the World," hailed from Bethel and lived to be mayor of Bridgeport and the head of the "Greatest Show on Earth." A report has been received at the State department describing an Invention of Prof. ArtemlefC, director of the Eleciro-Technlcal institute at Kief, Russia, which. is. an effective protection against live wires. It consists of a suit and was intended at first for the use of students In his laboratory, but It proved to be so practical that It was patented and placed on sale. The suit is composed of a closely woven 1 network of metal fibers, lined with linen, which com pletely covers the body from head to foot It Is worn outside of the ordinary clothing. The mask which covers the head does not materially influence the eyesight. The outfit Is especially valuable to those whose business Is the mending of live wires. Ex periments show that 200,005 volts make no Impression on either the wearer or the out fit. It must bo understood, however, that In these experiments the poles were not connected. In the examination of the water resources of the United States by the geological sur vey, one of the most Important features Is the determination of the character of ground and surface waters. The essenttal characteristics of water that are now, or thut some time In the future may be, used for domestic supply or In locomotive boilers are little known, except 'within limited areas. In the eastern part of the country, where the population per square mile Is largest, chemical surveys have been made that have yielded Information of great value. Many railroads in the United States main tain chemical laboratories. The results of the analyses of water found along the vari ous rights of way furnish a clear concep tion of the- character of the available waters along these narrow lines. The work Involved in a chemical survey, however, as It has been carried on In the past. Is neces sarily expensive and exceedingly slow and there has been great need of rapid and practical field methods, whereby a large number of analyses can be made at small cost. The work of making all the determina tions that are usually considered necessary In chemical analyses would. In the wide area covered by the United States, be so expensive as to be well nigh Impracticable, but it Is reasonable to believe that, out of the many determinations usually made In such analyses, a few Important ones can be selected which shall bear such a rela tion to the whole that they will give a clear Insight Into the Character of the waters tested. The United States geological survey is now considering these points with especial reference to the possibility of devising methods of determining which can be car ried on In the field and which shall be suf ficiently accurate for most purposes. The experience of the survey thus far Is' that a large number of determinations of approxi mate accuracy are. In the aggregate, far more useful than a few determinations made according to the refined methods. Acting along these lines the survey has endeavored to Interest the attention of va rious chemists In the country In this mat ter and a widespread discussion has been carried on concerning the most useful de termination and the most advantageous Waltham Watches Time honoured. "The ePtrfeded American Witch' i Ousinted hook of interesting information About quitches, xuiit be sent free upon request, Amerlcm Wiltfum Witch Compjuty, Wihhim, Mass, means by which rapid and approximately accurate results ran be -reached. The opt Ions of these chemists are being collected, snd from them there Is In process of con struction a scheme by which large areas can be chemically surveyed. Justice Harlan of the United States su preme court enjoys the good things of this life, especially the products of the soil of Kentucky, and be classes among these good things Kentucky plug chewing tobacco. Justice Harlan holds in common with Ins colleagues due reverence for the honoruble J V. K. . . - . L , - I . . I ... 1 latea the Washington Star, but he sees no less majeste In Indulging In a quiet little chew while the court is sitting. Last Mon day there were many decisions to be handed down, and after Justice Harlan bad deliv ered one, and other Justices were goinK ahead with theirs, Mr. Harlan retired be hind tha arras for a moment. When he emerged a bulging of the Jaw and a certain look of ecstatic delight on his face toM the bar that he had taken a chew of Ken tucky plug. Then he leaned bark In his chair, cross.-l hia hands contentedly , in front of him niul proceeded to enjoy the mastication of Hie tobacco. Then It was that Chief Justu-n Fuller played It low down on Mm. Mr. Harlan thought his turn was not coming for some time, but as soon as Justice White concluded his decision the chief Jus tice leaned over and nodded to Mr. Harlan to go ahead. He was fairly caught. Ha could not talk with that quid in his mouth, that was certain. He looked from right to left In an embarrassed way for a moment, while Chief Justice Fuller smiled and the members of the bar began to grin. Finally, as he had to go ahead, he leaned over the cuspidor and, taking the quid deftly from his cheek, deposited It, and after a drink of water proceeded, while the members of the bar smiled, and some of the elders on the back rows even laughed. The presses at the bureau of engraving and printing are moving twenty-four hours a day printing money. The run Is on new national bank notes. It takes about twenty-five days to pre pare new money for the banks, so that It will be properly "seasoned" to go Into, the hands of the public. Tho banks have orders ahead for many millions, and the circulation Is being de livered to the comptroller by wagon loads each day. From the comptroller's office It Is shipped tc the banks upon the deposit of bonds covering the amount to be shipped. The circulation of national banks of the United States has passed the 1400,000,000 mark, the largest amount of money In Its history. The banks are still putting more money In circulation to prevent any scarcity in the money supply late this summer or earlv in the fall. December 31 last the circulation 'of th banks stood at t384.939.7S4, and this was considered about the highest figure (hat would be reached before next fall. BRIGHT AND BREEZY, "Only a silver watch," said the pawn broker. "The last time I advanced vnu money on your watch It bad a solid gold case. t "Yes," replied Harduppe, "but er cor- ( cumstances alter cases, you know." Phila delphia Ledger. "Yes, I had my pocket camera trained on the president, but I thought he might not like it, and I didn't take bis picture." "Shucks! Had you forgotten that he said, himself, 'Never draw unless you intend to shoot' 7" Chicago Tribune. The original wool growers' convention was In session. "That Jroat has no business In a gathering of this kind," said the indignant South down. "What Is he doing here?" "I don't know," replied the Cotswold. "He butted In In spite ot us." Chicago Tribune. "Fortune knocks one at the door of very man." "Yes, but she's generally very cleverly disguised." Chicago Post. "Does you b'lleve de devil rides a whit hoss?" "Dunno. But I knows dls muoh: What ever boss he rides will sho' git dar." At lanta Constitution. "Well," said GrumbelL "it's a true say ing that misfortunes always come in pairs." 'Oh, I don't know," replied Jackson Trays, "I've won several big pots with nothing but pairs." Philadelphia Press. "Do you remember how you used to talk for hours about free sliver?" "Yes," answered Farmer Corntossel. "That was when business was slack. I' reckon the reason a lot of us talked about free sliver was that we had plenty of time to talk about anything that came handy." Washington Star. NO PLACE FOR A POCICET. pocketT" That's nothlnj "No place for a pocket?" That's nothlr new; 'Twas Eve said.lt first. If the record's true. But that was Just after old Satan sneaked round, And the baneful knowledge of evil was found. The wondrous Improvement had not begun That makes woman a dummy to hang things on. The soft air of Eden was pure and sweet When clover blooms tickled our first . moth er's feet. 1 But Satan went into the garden one day. Where Innocent Impulses had full play. And, blighting all life with poisonous breath, . J Left the gates wide open to woe and death. Adam knew not that the Devil was there. And Eve, unsuspicious, sat braiding her hair. When the serpent, that creature so smooth and wise, . , With Satan dlreoting, attracted Eve s eyea. Did Eve give a scream and run like a deer? She knew not as yet there was aught to ar, . , So she quietly heard the snake explain How nice It would be if she'd raise Cain. He began by praising her. I've no doubt. For that's old way to bring things about; And the fiend knew well when she gladly That Eve, poor Eve, was sadly beguiled. Then Adam partook of the fruit tabooed, And started the germ of the modem dude; Now the hapless pair skulked round In the shade. And planned the tricks of the fig-leaf trade. 'Twas thought small business for man to Till he'd long been used to the ways of sin: But since the French have enlarged and refined it 'Tls the pride of a style that the Devil's be hind it. Go out on the street, and what do you see. A natural woman with light step and free. Or a pltful make-up of whalebone and chalk. With a burden of clothes and a teetering walk? And the sawed-out, corn-crippled, tailor made man Imagines he's built on a beautiful plan. If the great masquerade were not so sad. We'd laugh at the slaves of fashion and fad. Omaha. BERIAH F. COCHRAN. i