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THE OMAHA DAILY BKE: TUESDAY. BEPTEMHEK 8, 190.1.
1: : i : '' il ; j ' . It il f ) J . i i ! t Tiie Omaha Daily Bee K ROSEWATER. EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNINO. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Dally B"e (without Fiinduyi. One Yenr..4 00 Dally Hi'c hihI Kunday, One tear Illustrated Iir- Un'- War Fluidity B-?e. One ar Fitunfay Hi. Dm Vfr Twentieth Onturv Farmer, One Year. DELI VEKKI) BY CARRIER. Iatly B'-e (Without Sundny). per copy. liutlv Poa iwhl.nut Kitnduvi. tier Wffk ii.no J. 90 4,i0 i.m l.uo .Via Dully Bee (Including Sunday), per week. .17c Sun'Ii y Bee, per copy. f- Evening Bee (without Rundayi. per week o Evening Bee (Including Sunday), per week :-;:--,0r Complaint of irregularities In delivery should be addressed ti City Circulation de partment. OFFICES. Omaha The Be Building. South Omaha City Hall Building-. Twenty-fifth and M Streets. Council Bluffs 10 Pesrl Street. Chicago 1S40 Unity Building. Niw York 23? Park Row Building. Washington 41 Fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. Communication relating to news ami edi torial n-.atter should be addressed: Omaht Bee, Editorial Department. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or postal order payable to The Bee Publishing Company. Only 2-cent stamps accepted In payment of mall accounts. Personal checks, except on Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accepted. THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. Btate of Nebraska, Douglas County, ea.: Ueorge it. Tzschuck, secretary of The Bee publishing company, being duly sworn, eaya that the actual number of full and com plete copies of The Dally Morning, Evening and Burnley Bee primed during the month of August. 19011, was aa follows: 1 2O.01O il an.eso X lT,iit t m.rau 4... a,Ko t ,TK 80,700 7 20,20 1 80,1 go 841,0 lO 10 2,(MH Jl 20.000 13 20,B80 1) itlMKW 14 2M.4SO is 8i, (ma ig ao.oio 19 20,220 30 2B.8MO n 20,270 22 20.3HO 2S SIO.OUO 24 20.2SO 26 20,330 2...,. 28,280 27 a,ao 2g 20,320 2 20,800 80 2,B30 81 20,470 14.... srauo Total tM4,832 1m unsold and returned copies. . S.WKJ Net total sales s.70 Net average aales , 2S.KQ3 GEORGE B. TZ8CHUCK. Subscribed In my presence and sworn to before me this gist day of August. A. D. 1903. M." B. II UNGATE. (Seal.) Notary Public. PARTIES LB A VINO THIS CITY. Parties leaving: the city at as? time mar bare The Be sent to them regrnlnrly by notifying The Bee Business offloe, la person or by mall. The address will' be changed as eftea as desired. Sir Thomas Lip ton should feel per fectly free to try again whenever he Is so disposed. The Pacific coast salmon pack Is said to. be short a million cases. Boarding house Inmates should take due notice. If the city can use its own streets for a market house, It can also tine Its own streeta for an electric lighting In stallation. unanging specifications without n cbauge of price- is a very common prac tice with contractors for public works who enjoy a pull. ' Tho Nebraska State fair has generally managed to keep on good terms with the weather clerk and this year will probably be no exception. Any one who wonders what's the matter with Nebraska can have his mind quickly disabused by taking in the state fair at Lincoln this week. Before the county board undertakes to straighten out the crooks in the Elk horn river it will havo to straighten out the crooks in the Elkhorn river bridge. To file or not to filethat is the question puzzling a lot of republican patriots who are not sure whether to bank their money on their popularity. One of the eastern capitalistic mouth pieces objects to Labor day as a class holiday. As if there were any one who amounted to anything who did not labor. It appears that the only paving specifications that will suit the demo cratic members of the public works board are specifications drawn or O.-K'd. by a particular set of con tractors. The Omaha hyphenated has declared 'Itself as opposed to a long-time contract for electric lighting. Are we to under stand that it is opposed to a ten-years' extension, but would favor a five-years' extension? Friends of the Panama canal in Co lombia think they perceive a mora fa vorable feeling for a new treaty. The people of Colombia have to make up their minds one way or another before long if they want to do business with Uncle Hum. One of the populist organs indulges in a lengthy disquisition on populist politi cal ethics. After the record populist office holders made In this state. It will take more than our most powerful jiilerosiHipe to discover any traces of ethics in tho Vks"! they left their party. That soif nppolnted democratic judi cial convention seems to have worked so well that the same trick might be turned just as easy with the demo cratic county nominations. Why give the rank and file anything to say when the machine bosses can handle the thing without assistance? Superintendent Fowler's annual encyc lical to the school teachers of Nebraska contains a lot 'of recommendations good, bad and indifferent. If the state nuperlutendent would take up a few potnta at a time that properly come r within ' Ids jurisdiction lustead of spreading out over the whole field of school administration and school policy 1st would accomplish mors. STATKSMAZDKC CUVS8EU In an address a few days ago' Gov ernor Odell of New York urged that It Is the duty of every citizen to regulate his conduct with reference to tho general public Interest and welfare and to ob serve those principles which mean the greatest patriotism obedience to laws upon which depend the stability of our government. He said that a man may fight the battles of a country against foreign foes and still, by his disregard of the statutes of the state, encourage among those whose ideas of government ore crude, doctrines which mean de struction to thut which - he himself helped to create. "Mutual forbearance," said Mr. Odell, "a respect for the rights of all, will make more certain our ef forts and bring us a realization to the fullest extent of that which awaits en ergy, ambition and labor." A like thought was expressed by President Roosevelt in his Labor day address at Syracuse. He declared that it is all essential to the continuance of our healthy national life that we should recognize community of interest among our people, that the welfare of each of us Is dependent fundamentally upon the welfare of all of us and that In public life that man is the best representative of each of us "who seeks to do good to each by doing good to all; in other words, whose endeavor It Is, not to rep resent any special class and promote merely that class' selfish Interests, but to represent all true and honest men of all sections and all classes, and to work for their interests by working for our common country." This is sound and statesmanlike coun sel and 'If generally heeded would do away with most of the evils and abuses that demoralize alike our political and social life. The first and paramount duty of the citizen, as urged by Gov ernor Odell, Is obedience to the laws ond a proper respect for those who have been given authority to execute the pop ular will as expressed in law. Only thus can the preservation of social peace and order be assured. The disposition to disregard this obligation of good citi zenship has become far too general in recent years and is rightly viewed byx thoughtful men as a grave danger to our Institutions if allowed to go on un checked. Disrespect for law in this country, manifested in various forms, has brought upon the United States the reproach of being the most lawless among the civilized nations. There can be no question as to the soundness of Mr. Roosevelt's statement that "the wel fare of each of us Is dependent funda mentally upon the welfare of all of lis," but It in not an unreasonable suggestion that before this shall be so generally recognized that each will endeavor to promote the good of all there must come a pretty radical change in human na ture. Relflshness is still and perhaps to a greater extent than ever before the Impelling and most 'potent force in liu .man affairs and will undoubtedly con tinue to be indefinitely. Yet this fact does not militate against the wisdom and soundness of the president's view, which it is well to have presented to public consideration, even though there be no promise of its early realization. Certainly such counsel as that of the president and Governor Odell ought not to be altogether fruitless. WORK FOU AsJW BUR C AC. Not much has yet been made public regarding the operations of the new bu reau of corporations, but it may be confidently assumed that It is not idle and that in due time the country Will hear of developments which will not be without interest. It takes time to prop erly put a bureau of this character, with its entirely new machinery and duties, into working order and Secretary Cor- telyou and Commissioner Garfield are careful and conservative men, who will proceed in carrying out the law in a way not likely to cause distrust or dls turbance. , In a recent article the Philadelphia Public Ledger, commenting upon the course of the anthracite coal comt lna tlon in reducing production and raising prices, remarked that the bureau of cor porations could make no better begin nlng iu the performance of its duty than lu investigating the Coal trust, which has an entire monopoly and enforces it. "If there was need for the president to intervene in 1002," says that paper, "when he had no constitutional warrant, Is there .not now stronger reasons why the bureau should get to work in the coal field and crush the monopoly by the strong hand of the law?" In regard to the policy of the anthra cite combination, shaped to make the public pay for the cost to the operators of the last strike, the Ledger points out that after the 1000 strike coal was ad vanced BO cents a ton. "The months wore on and the consumers found that the 60 cents extra was. a fixture. The annual production of anthracite was then from 55,000,000 to 00,000,000 tons and the consumers began to contribute an added rrofit of anywhere from $0, 000,000 to 130,000,000 a year. The 1002 strike followed and although the op erator! were collecting an exorbitant price for coal from the public, an addl tlonal 50 cents went on top of the former penulty' which the public must pay The production Is now 60 000,000 tons. There was a 10 per cent increase in miners' wages and other slight Increases, which make the cost of production a lit tie higher a few cents a ton, perhaps and the Coal trust ia exacting annually a dollar a ton on 00,000,000 tons from the American public more than wa raid previous to the two strikes." The situation shows most conclusively the existence of a combination, or what Is practically a trust, which controls ab solutely the production and the prlcn of anthracite coal. There is not a shadow of doubt In regard to this. Mines lira closed and prices are advanced by a ftw men and thus tbre Is as complete a mo nopoly of the anthracite coal fields a can te conceived of. One of the great J t public necessities Is subject to ths I management of men who have little concern for the public Interest ami are governed chiefly by their own cupidity. here would seem to b no question as to Oie duty of the bureau of corpora tions to Investigate this combination and scertaln if. possible the nature of its organization and its methods, to the end that he president and congress may be advlned as to whether or not this for midable and dangerous trust can be dealt with by national legislation. KB AM HOSPARTISANSBIP. Honest nonpartisanshlp on the bench would commend Itself to good citizens of all political creeds, but sham non- partisanship must fall to command popular respect or confidence. The pre tended nonpartisan judicial ticket incu bated by a handful of lawyers and nominated by the democrats will fool nobody. .It Is a poorly concocted scheme to trade the places on the dis trict bench for the supreme judgeship. Incidentally it is presumed to be a mas ter stroke of political diplomacy by which the votes of a considerable num ber of dissatisfied republicans can ' be pooled on the two lonely democrats who hats been labeled nonpartisans. While both of tha democratic candi dates are reputed to be fairly qualified for judicial positions, the fact that the democratic convention harnessed them In with five members of the opposing party is not very complimentary to the democracy, even if the republican can didates had any special claim upon democracy. It is a notorious fact that each of these five candidates had been a candi date for a straight party nomination in the republican Judicial convention. It well known that up to the time of that convention none of these men pro fessed any sympathy with the demo cratic party, and one of them at least, Judge Dickinson, had been elected in opposition to a nonpartisan ticket eight years ago, and in opposition to the reg ular democratic nominees four years ago. Only a week ago he voluntarily addressed a republican ward club and sought to Impress upon its members the idea that he was still and will con tinue to be a republican partisan. There can be no doubt that had he been suc cessful In securing a republican nomina tion, he would not have troubled him self much to get a democratic non partisan nomination. Manifestly, therefore, the democrats have simply made themselves a harbor of refuge for two rejected republicans who will be pitted as much against the two democrats on the ticket as they will be against the candidates on the republican ticket. If democratic leaders imagine they will strengthen their party by this gauzy pretense of nonpartisan shlp, they will find themselves out on a rainbow chase. It is not uncommon for misfit lawyers to propound questions to witnesses that draw out testimony against their clients and .frequently prove fatal to their case. The seal of the World Herald to make a case in favor of Judge Sullivan belongs to the same category. Commenting on the, attitude of The Bee n relation to the public lighting monopoly, Judge Sullivan's fool friend, the editor of the World-Herald, says: In his brief before the supreme court (the railroad assessment case), the editor of The Bee declares the people must stop electing to office the men nominated by the railroads, and yet we find Mr. Rosewater giving cordial sup port to Mr. Barnes, a man whom Mr. Rosewater well knows was chosen as republican candidate as judge of the supreme court by the railroad lobby." Will the World-Herald kindly inform the people of Nebraska where Judge Sullivan stood in that famous railroad tax case? Did be stand for the people or for tho railroads? If Sullivan had stood for the people, we feel sure .the people would have stood up for Sulll van, and The Bee would have cham ploned his re-election, but Judge Sulli van preferred to make his bed with the railroads and the people will let him repose In peace. Popocratlc critics of the administra tion are now trying to find fault with the new Department of Commerce be cause "it provides places for 10,143 henchmen of the party in power." They are careful to omit the fact that more than ninety-nine one-bundredths of the government employes subject to the new department were simply transferred from other departments, and that in point of fact the aggregate number of employes In those departments has been reduced rather than Increased by virtue of the consolidation. A little dis crepancy like this, however, cuts no fig ure with political color blind carpers bound to manufacture political capital with or without a foundation of fact What President Garrett of the Indian Rights association says of Indian in spectors whitewashing crooked Indian agency officers after accepting the hos pitality of the men whose conduct they are. sent to investigate, or taking evi dence only from among the friends of the beclouded officers, touches a vulner able spot, not only with reference to the frauds In the Indian territory, but with reference to sons of the Jobbery perpetrated on the Inllan reservations In this state. Reform in the Indian bureuu service will not be thorough un less it Includes all the different Indian agencies. Teople who favor municipal owner ship of public lighting, aid thfft means 0.1 per cent of the citlzeis of Omaha Irrespective of party, will not, we feel sure, countenance or condone any ex tension of-the electric lljfhtlng coutract beyond its present tern'.. What relates to the electric llgjit contract also re lates to the gas contra'-t. If the city Is to have Its own lighting plant within the next three years., no ' contract for gas light street lumps should le entered Into that would eiteni beyond January 1. loot'., when the electric lighting con tract expires. And now the Nebraska senators are accused of turning a trick in the plat form committee of the late republican convention by which the reciprocity plank was tossed over the transom without ceremony by a vote of 4 to 2. In view of the fact that the Ne braska senators were from 4,000 to 8,000 miles away from Lincoln when the committee was in session, and hsd not been in the state for months, their In visible influence must have been ex erted by wireless telegraphy. When The Bee intimated some weeks ago that this year's state campaign would narrow down between Robert E. Lee Herdman and some republican dark horse, the World-Herald scornfully resented it as a reflection upon popular Intelligence, but strange as It may seem and yet nevertheless true, thex World Herald now declares that Barnes snd Sullivan are lost sight of in the contest over the f 12,000-a-year supreme court clerkship plum. If any democrat in this Judicial dis trict can figure out how either of the two democrats on the sham nonpartisan ticket can be elected when they are running against five republicans on their own ticket and four republicans not on their own ticket, we would like to see the white of his eyes. m ip. Chicago Record-Herald. The price of hard coal has been raised again, probably owing; to the fact that the people who furnish It havo an Idea that, some of the consumers are basely hiding money away. A Lone-Felt Want. Chicago Post. . Bishop Joyce's refreshing- suggestion that our theological schools need a chair of common senso might apply to every part of our educational system, from the grades up. There v Is nothing more generally needed today than systematic and earnest Instruction in common sense and common honesty. - Fsmoai Gallery Spectacle. ' Washington Post. It is seml-offlclally announced that no matter what changes Speaker Cannon may make In the house committees, the galleries will not be deprived of the daily delectable treat of seeing Sereno Payne of New Tork smilingly and somewhat pompously pre empt the first aisle to the left of center and "move that the house do now adjourn." Put on the Brakes. Cincinnati Enquirer. In some parts of the country It seems that In granting licenses to run automobiles there should be more particular examina tion as to common sense than as to knowl edge of steam or electricity. The ownership of one of these horseless establishments seems to Imbue a man with the desire to go through the streets at the speed, of a dog with a tin kettle tied to his tall. American to the' Core. Louisville Herald. Louisville has a stronger claim to be con sidered "the American city" than Philadel phia. The percentage of the letter's foreign-born population Is 22.8. Louisville, out of a population of 104,731, has 21,427 foreign born, or 10.6- per oent. Cincinnati's foreign born ' people are 17.8 per cent, Cleveland's S2.6, Pittsburg's Jit. Philadelphia draws most of its population from Pennsylvania, whose population Is 84 per cent native-born, against 97.3 per cent for Kentucky. Of Ken tucky's total population, 2.147.174, there were In 1890 reported 1,8S5,33S born In Kentucky Itself. The total native population of the state was 2.0D3.295. Kentucky la thus Amer ican to the core, and Its busy and beautiful metropolis, American, too. In every sense of that jioble term. Dot He Didn't Conch Cp. St. Louis Globe-Democrat. Secretary Shaw came and we waved our napkins at him and said privately and In public that he was one of the best secre taries of the treasury that there ever was, but the secretary did not appoint a dis bursing agent for that $5,000,000. He said this Is no matter of sentiment, but a plain business proposition." The money will be forthcoming In good season, though one needs to count carefully when one Is spend ing $5,000,000.' Secretary Shaw was taken into a high place and shown all tha king doms of the earth, strung along Sklnker road, or soon to be so, and he greatly liked the view which has at present as the terminus of Its perspective, the car sheds of the Transit company. These are, how ever, to be quite concealed by Adolphus Busch's Tyrolean Alps. "Beyond the Alps lies the car barns." Before the secretary went away he told us our universal expo sition was going to be the finest sver seen. 19 THERE A HARD COAL TRTJSTf Pertinent Inquiry Renphlna; Down Into the Porketbook. Chicago Post. We have grown so Into the habit of speak ing of trusts and fancying that we can see a trust In every industrial combination that It may sssm the height of absurdity for anyone to question the existence of an Anthracite Coal trust. Of course, all ordi nary evidence favors the belief that such a trust exists, but when we Inquire Info the matter more closely we find that the gen erally accepted definition of a trust does not apply to the hard coal arrangement In the first place, the father of all trusts the Standard OU company has assured us repeatedly that Its chief purpose is phll anthroplc; It was formed with the object of cheapening kerosene and other petroleum products to the consumer. The hard coal operators cannot plead guilty In this par ticular. Again, a trust is something against which the antt-trust laws of the nation and the several states operate. But none of these has interfered with the activities of the anthracite coal producers and carriers. The coal operators control the source of hard coal supply, tbey control the means of transportation and they control the retailer. They .have suspended the law of supply and demand, for tbey can tell to a cent months In advance Just what tha selling price of coal will be, no matter what the amount of production or the percentage of consump tlon. Only recently they have said that they were over-producing and might soon have to close mines and restrict operations, but surely this cannot be true in the face of the automatic,- predestined advance In the price of ooal. Overproduction cannot raise prices. Ths coal strike costs the operators about 10 or IS cents a ton to pay Increased wages. but the consumer Is charged tl a ton mora today than he was Just before the strike. If the production has exceeded the de mand, how are we to account for this dif ference of SS or to cents a ton If there Is no hard coal trust? H Is all very puxsllng. Must ws. In spite of these conflicting views, conclude that the anthracite combination is one of the most perfect monopolies this country has seent IAMPI.R OF JKRSF.V Jl STICK. Maaasjlna- Directors of Corporations Hot Crlmlaallr l iable. New York Tribune. It may be said without disrespect to Chief Justice Gummere and his colleagues that Intelligent and right-minded cltlsens of Newark and neighboring towns who have watched the proceeding! In the trolley accident esse with deep Interest would have been better contented with the result if the court had permitted the Jury to exercise Its functions, Instead of ordering a verdict of acquittal. Doubtless the court possessed full authority to do what It did, but so much competent, evidence had been put on the record In support of certain vital points presented by the prosecution that it Is not altogether satisfactory to have the court dismiss those questions of fact as not merely unproved, but unworthy of the consideration of the Jury. We do not care at present to refer to these Issues In detail or to the unfortunate circumstance that the case was tried under an omnibus In dictment which made no discrimination among the defendants, but It seems desir able to call attention to one of the con ditions which Indisputably existed when trolley car and locomotive crashed together In Newark last February. The chief Justice, in saving the jury the trouble of finding a verdict, said the state had not shown that the front platform of the trolley car was so crowded with pas sengers as to Interfere with the motor man's use of the brake. Nevertheless, the front platform was crowded, and It was crowded In violation of an express rule of the company, as counsel for the defend ants took pains to show. That Is a matter of general Interest,, for It brings to mind the fact that the same regulation la com monly made by street railroad managers only to be broken with their connivance by their employes when circumstances render the breaking of it profitable to the companies. A little incident which happens to be within our knowledge supplies an Illustration of this familiar policy. A woman riding In a closed car of the Metro politan company had with her a little girl who was sick and faint, and whom for that reason she led out on the front plat form for the saKe of the fresh air. It chanced that the car was not full and therefore the woman snd the child were ordered to the seats they had left by tha conductor, to whom the case was explained. In our opinion he did right, but doubtless a few hours later that same car carried as many passengers on the front platform as it would hold, because seats and stand ing room Inside were Jammed and the conductor knew the company wanted him to collect as many fares as possible. If In old times the occupation by passen gers of the front platform of a slow horse car was not particularly objectionable. It Is certain that the front platform of a heavy trolley ear, moving swiftly through streets In which there has been an enormous In crease of traffic, should be reserved ex clusively for the motorman, whose attention ought not to be diverted from his duties for an Instant, and who ought not to be sub jected o the slightest risk of physical In terference. The rule nominally requiring such conditions to be preserved la proper and necessary, but it Is a piece of Impu dence to pretend that It Is Inviolable so long aa there Is no sorld motive for viola ting It, snd then to permit, or instruct, em ployes to disregard it utterly when iilcke's are waiting to be collected from more pas sengers than the Inside of a car will hold. Whether the motorman of the trolley car which was shattered In the Newark tragedy was or was not hindered In applying his brake by the children surrounding him, the regulation cited In behalf of the defendants in the case ended yesterday was wilfully and recklessly violated on the 19th of last February, as It had been hundreds of times before. ' Has it been scrupulously enforced ever since? Are similar regulations habitu ally enforced on any street car line at the expense of the company? PERSON At; NOTES. Paul de lAieaan, father of the famous opera singer, Zelle de Lussan, has Just died at Folkstone, F.ngland. 1 President Harper has declared that the students of the Chicago University Dra matic club shall not wear tights. That's an Institution which needs no press agent. A Chicago millionaire, wise and weary In his experience of the world, and at an age where follies and foibles are Imprac ticable if not distasteful, has given $1,000,000 to his relatives Just to see what they will do with It. Just watch em. Mr. J. P. Morgan has offered to ray $400,000 for a certain Oriental vase, eind he was not In his cups when he made the offer. Such a treasure will be a good thing to have unbroken about the house, what ever befalls the shipping trust. Prof. Max Puchat of Paderhorn. Ger many, who bears the title of musical direc tor to the king, has been elected director of the Milwaukee Musical society from seventy-eight applicants. He was a pupil for a number of years of Frans Liszt. Otto Goldschmldt, the surviving husband of Jenny I.lnd, once renowned as "the Swe dish .nightingale," recently celebrated his seventy-fourth birthday. He la living quietly on the English estate the songstress purchased with the proceeds of her Ameri can tour. An Iowa editor had an auction sale of delinquent subscribers" accounts. The amounts averaged along about $2.50 or S3. The sale afforded a real opportunity to test the credit of some who had failed to pay the editor. One account was knocked down for two matches. It Is astonishing, tha unanimity with which the members of the United Order of Humorists throughout the country are declaring that the situation In Asiatic Tur key Is Syrlo-comlc, or at any rate less Svrlous than was supposed. There are five ways of spelling Beirut and fifty ways of turning this ancient Jest. Emerson Enterprise: Bryan and the Kan sas City platform were not turned down at the democratic state convention because the delegates were overawed by the ma jestic presence of Colonel Bryan. It would have bean Interesting, however, to have taken an Australian ballot so the delegates could have voted their true sentiments. William Mackabee, an Inmate of the naval home In Cray's Ferry road. Philadel phia, and the oldest living veteran of the American navy, will celebrate His one nun dredth birthday today. He was born In Baltimore and went to sea in 1833 when 12 years old on the old frigate Constitution D J ring the civil war he served on Penn sylvania. Stanton Picket: There Is no fusion in Nebraska this fall (?). It so happened that two distinct conventions, held at different places and aided by long-distance telephone, mutually recognised the superior Qualities of the same men for like posl tlons and nominated them. It was a clear case of great minds running in the same channel for ths public good. Perhaps the fact that -both inventions were held on the sams day was merely a coincidence. Perhaps? Fremont Tribune: Frank Reavls of Falls City has achieved a notable political vic tory. He has Just been nominated for ths position of district Judge, against a strong faction and lively opposition In his home county. He was assisted at the nominat ing convention by Congressman Hlnuhaw who Is one of the llvest political wires la Nebraska. Mr. Reavls will have hearty support for the election, lie will be ele vated. to the bench and he will make a satisfactory and creditable Judicial officer. DOINfi IT4 THE ARMT. Items of (ieneral Interest Gleaned from the Army ana Xavy Register. Major John F. Oullfoyle, Twelfth cavalry, of .the board detailed to revise the small arms firing regulations found his visit to the range at Fort Sheridan last week a profitable one. He went there to tnlk over the new regulations with the competitors and obtained views at first hand of what further changes were desirable in tha vol ume on this subject shortly to be published by the War department for the benefit of the army and militia. A number of mooted questions were discussed and a good deal of valuable information acquired. It is Inter esting to know that a unanimity of view prevails In favor of retaining the rapid-fire system at 800 yards, with an. Increase In time limit. Major Oullfoyle has submitted a report of the results of his observations at Fort Sher idan. He found that the bull's-eye target adopted by the board met with unanimous approval. Quite a. number of experts were of the opinion In this connection that the points of the bull's-eye at SOO yards should be Increased In diameter from eight to ten inches. The new amlng positions pre scribed by the revised regulations also met with favor and commendation was heard on every hand respecting the system of rapid fire adopted by the board. H has been recommended, however, that the dis appearing target should have other valua tions for hits besides five and sero. The revised regulations will probably change this target to conform to this view which Is regarded aa entirely justified. A proposi tion tins been made to eliminate the rapid fire system at 809 yards In ths marksmen's course and to Introdure it In the sharp shooter's course, giving a time limit of thirty Instead of twenty seconds as now. Major Gullfoyle Is detailed for duty as in spector of emallarms practice. United States army, and as acting assistant adju tant general of the army in Washington, and will report In person to the acting adju tant general of the army for assignment to duty accordingly. In connection with the army competitions which are coming to attract more attention and awaken the latent Interest in marks manship. It Is Interesting to know that there Is destined to be a consideration of the question whether commissioned offi cers shall engage with enlisted men In these competitions. Some years ago this question came up In various forms and for a time there were separate competitions. This year's work, however, has been with out such separation. Major Gullfoyle had encountered at Fort Sheridan the old ques tion which does not relate to the matter of discipline as might be supposed and as was at one time foremost In the discus sion. It is questioned whether enlisted men under such circumstances are not placed at a disadvantage since a commissioned officer who Is a good marksman Is very apt to possess means of practice at his own-expense, and in this way to obtain a possibly unfair advantage over the enlisted man who Is his competitor. For this reason it may be desirable In the end to establish distinct prizes, one for the successful com missioned officer and the other for the suc cessful enlisted man. An Important general order will shortly appear from the War department. It Is of tho greatest Interest to army officers, since under its provisions the amount of baggage to be transported at government expense Is Increased three-fold. Quarter master General Humphrey, who has had much practical experience In his depart ment, Is responsible for the change, and It Is on his recommendation that the quan tity of army baggage to be carried without cost to the owner, as specified In para graph 1242 of the army regulations will be as follows: "For a major general, 10,800 pounds; brigadier general, 8,400 pounds; field officer. 7,200 pounds: captain, 6,000 pounds; first lieutenant, 6,100; second lieu tenant and veterinarians. 4,600; noncommis sioned officer, 1,600." Heretofore, excess of baggage has been transported by the owner at his own risk and whatever coat might be Imposed upon It. Hereafter, this excess will be transported by the govern ment at the favorable rates which may, of course, be obtained by the War department and the actual cost of the transportation will be charged against the owner whose benefit by this arrangement Is derived from the special rates which the govern ment dlbtatns and which, of course, would not be available for the Individual. The question of army music Is before the general staff with every prospect that some reformatory measure will be evolved as a result of the deliberations. Numerous suggestions, have been submitted to the general staff from a variety of sources. In cluding chief musicians, who ought to be In a position to know what Is most needed. One of the steps upon which everybody agrees as necessary for the achievement of practical results Is the Increase In ths pay of army musicians. This, of course, can only be done by legislation, and It Is probable that among tha recommendations sent to congress during the coming session will be one In favor of a change In the law so aa to give members of army bands greater compensation than - they now re ceive. The change Is considered as abso lutely necessary tn order to preserve the artistic quality of military bands. General A. W. Greely, chief signal officer of the army, has adopted the plan by which the government shall be In possession of photographic records of Important military events and scenes. He has already equipped with photographic outfits sergeants of the signal corps who are on duty In Alaska and the Philippines, with Instructions that the product of these photographers shall be sent to Washington. Detailed Instructions have been furnished so that interesting incidents and surroundings may be pre served by means of the camera. Now the same system is to be adopted In the United Btates where there Is much of Interest In a military way, such as the maneuvers In New England and the military programs at Fort Riley and Weet Point, Ky., to say nothing of similar events In other parts of the country. The signal corps has purchased twelve photographic outfits, which will be distributed to as many ser geants who are regarded aa competent to do this work. These sergeants are ex pected to use the utmost economy In the consumption of material furnished by the government, and they will be required to make detailed monthly reports of the work performed, the report to be accom panied by two unmounted prints of each view. All the negatives will be the prop erty of the signal corps, and all prints and negatives which are considered of sufficient value to be preserved will.be sent to ths signal corps post at Fort Myer, Va., to be marked and filed. Doing- anlto Well, Thank Yon. Minneapolis Times. Chief Statistician King of the census of flee has cruelly punctured President Roose velt's race suicide notion by the statement that according to the census there were 2.049.132 births in 100 and only 1,030,048 deaths. Remembering that deaths are much more fully reported than births the showing Is not as favorable as the" real figures would be. If the president meant that our "best people" are not multiplying as rapidly as they should, there Is com pensatlon In the fact thut ths humbly born of today are the "best people" of a quar ter of a century or so henco, CRT TOGETHER. Merging; of the Irrigation and Trans. Mississippi Congresses Snssrested. New Tork Evening Post The suggestion that the Transmlsslsslprl congress and the National Irrigation con- gresa be combined comes from the west,' following close after the meeting of the former at Seattle. The lattor chose Ogdnn, Utah, for a gathering place. It would seem that enough of common Interest exists to make the proposition to unite a sensible one. "Congresses ' and "fairs ' wiin long names and all-embracing purposes are too common, and If the country beyond the Mississippi would attract attention to Itself there must be some definite purpose be-i hind Its exhibitions. The objection, fre) quently urged, that the Transnilslsslppt congress represents a much larger area than Is Interested in Irrigation laws and methods Is not so valid as would appear. Barring the first tier of states beyond tho big river, there Is hardly a community that Is not vitally affected by drouth, occa sional or periodic. From North Dakota to Texas and from eastern Washington to southern California, Irrigation Is the fann ers' hope. Everywhere In that Immense area the Wright' Irrigation law was looked upon as the forerunner of a general re vival of Interest In the problem of niakhiK arid lands productive. With Senator Du bois of Idaho heading a company to water 35,000 acres of land about I,ewlton. with the Denver Chamber of Commerce discuss ing a project to reclaim 6,0u0 seres In the Grand valley,' Colorado, and with number less smaller private enterprises on foot. It Is difficult to see what more Important work a serious-minded Transmisstsslppl con gress can take up. Heretofore certain del egates to both bodies have fought the Idea of union, but the obvious advantages of the consolidation seem likely to appeal more forcibly as the alms of eaoh are bet ter understood. COMING AND GOING. How the Anthrnclto Conl Rarons Work tho Consumer. Plttfburg Dispatch. It Is Interesting to observe the explanation by which the anthracite coal corporations Justify their order to shut down the mines on the plea .of overproduction at the snms time that prices are being shoved tip 10 cents per month by order of the same au thorities. Only hist spring It was heard from tha same sources that the deficiency In pro duction during last year's strike was suf ficient to explain the dearth of fuel and famine prices, and that It would take at letmi. year b me&ay proaucuon to m&KR up the shortage. It seems rather difficult to reconcile that statement with the pres ent allegation of overproduction and con sequent shutdown. But the corporate logto tackles the difficulty with zeal slid con fidence. There have been an extremely urgent demand and large consumption for one size of hard coal. 'The vigorous efforts of the companies to meet that demand have pro duced an oversupply of other sizes. Hence the overproduction and shutdown. One might suppose that the legitimate result f such a condition would be to lower prices on the sizes of ooal of which there Is an excess; but the anthracite corporations know & trick worth two of that. By shutting down now they will be ablo to allege next winter another shortage In the size of coal for which thero is thi greatest demand and to extract some mors (10 and 112 prices. Then after that extol tlon has been worked to Its capacity they oan repeat -the "overproduction" pretext next summer and produce artificial scar city again. SMILIXti 1,1 MS S. Mlas Anne Teek He asked me If I re membered how hot" the summer of '76 was. The Ideal Miss Pert Tea. the Idea! Just as if you'd tell him it you did. Philadelphia Ledger. 'John Jones, the natlent who nnu In a. little while ago," said the attendant In the out-patient department, "didn't give his oc cupation." "What was the nature of his trouble?" asked the resident physician. injury at tne base or the spine. "Put him down as a book SKent." Phila delphia Press. . Spellbinder Tes. mv friend, eternal vlirl- lance Is the price of liberty. He on your guard; a word to the wise Is sufficient. Voice from the Audience Then vou must take us for gol-darn fools! Vou have been talking for an hour and a half! Kansas City Journal. "He called me a boiled lobster." explained the complainant. .Tl-All . V.A A f A 111 . TT,, ,.-I,...A UriCIIUtUll, 1V Till!! red automobile, and hp looks like one." "Discharged." said the Judge. Chlcaco Post. "So you think H la an advantage ot a bny to be reared In the country." , "To be sure," answered Farmer Coru tossel. "A boy has a heap better chance "So you think It is an advantage to a bov Is surrounded by orchsrds and melon patches he ran have a stomach ache with out the doctor Jumpln' to the conclusion tnat ne s got -penaicius. wosiungtop Star. The kangaroo can Jump a bit; The' flea's a Jumper, too He'll Jump, he'll bite, and then he'll flit, And never leave a clew. When either Jumps, nobody tries - His Jumplets to pursue We're glad the flea has not the size Of the big kangaroo. Chicago Tribune. ARMY OP THE COR. St. Louis Globe-Democrat. AH summer long the army stands In ranks erect and clean. The garrison of level lunds And of the hills between. The Armies of the Wind and Rain Come shouting to the fight; Alert upon the spreading plain The corn waits In lis might. It flaunts its'tnsseled banners high. And beats earh swaying shield, Until the summer's battle cry Ia chorused from the field. Victorious and sturdy still It rUes from the fray, And rustling chants of gladness fill The long hours of the day. The dawn's first tender, rosy blush- Ths hailing of the morn Finds, shrouded In s peaceful hush. The Army of the Corn. But friendly breezes come and go Till dylnK afternoon ITenrs. faintly sighing, soft and low. The echo of a croon. And so. serene and bold and brave. All through the summer lorg The gleaming banners proudly wave In endence witli the song. Until the golden autumn morn When there will come to spoil The standing Army of the Com, Tho hopeful Troop of Toll. A i Many a woman ta - ' has tound a hus- band in Ayer's Hair Vigor. i