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Through State of Nebraska on Horseback
F I HAD any enemies to punish I would recommend that they take a horseback ride," sali J. il95? B- Parker of Lincoln, who, with Mrs. Parker, had Just returned from a 800 mile trip In the saddle, an he straightened out the pillow on hlr. ehilr at his place of business, 224 North Tenth street. Becoming comfortnble, he remarked with the next breath: "We Intend to go e'ear Into Yellowstone park next fall and 1 have already figured how we are to make 'the trip." Mr. Parker weighs 263 pounds, which is even poundu less than when he started rn the ride, and he had not ridden to amount to anything for twenty years. He rode a regular western horse, bought in South Omaha Just before the start, and Mrs. Tarker rode a thoroughbred Kentucky animal. Mr and Mrs. Parker made the. trlv from Lincoln to their ranch near Dunning, a d's tance of "52 miles, on horseback in seven days, remained at the ranch eight days and made the return trip In six days. Both were feeling stronger and better at the end of the return trip. than, upen their arrival at the ranch, and though they . made an average of forty-three miles a day, the horses came back In good shape. They left Lincoln four week? ago and the first n'ght they rounded up at Seward, thirty-four miles. They spent the second night at Bradshaw, the third at Grand Island, the fourth at Ravenna, having passed the fa mous Taylor ranch during the day, ate din ner at Cairo that day and cn to Mason that night; then Broken Bow the Flxth night. They arrived there at 3 o'clock In the afternoon, but owing to a heavy sand storm, remained over until the next morn Ing. The seventh day they rounded up at Dunning, from which place it was -only seven miles to their ranch. The return trip was made over the same route In six days. Mrs. Parker's riding outfit cons'sted of divided skirts, sweater, cowboy hat, r!d!ng shoes and a regulation cowboy sarid'e weighing forty-five pounds. Mr. Parker rode the regulation cowboy saddle and or dinary business suit, with the cowboy hat. Three weeks or more before the start was made Mrs. Parker rode every day an aver age of ten or fifteen miles -and It was the great Improvement this produced In her health that suggested the long overhand trip. Before starting the route was mapped out carefully It was planned that there be no camping out and no stopping at the roadside for meals. Every night the two remained at a hotel In some town alcng the route and every meal was eaten In a hotel. They took their time and got their direction from one town to the other and Incidentally found out some things. "One of which," said Mr. Parker, "was that mere guesses are made by different- pecp'e as to the distances between places. Many a time we would be riding along and ask someone how far It was to the next town. Probably the answer would be five miles. After going two or three miles we would meet another person and asking him the same question, the answer would be n'ne times out of ten six miles, and sometimes seven and eight." This mode of spending a vacation was adopted In the hope that the health of Mrs, Parker would be Improved, she having been a sufferer for some months with a bad cough, the result of an attack of pneu- IWAIU t-'A 1'' 1.1 i vi rrvii nig uu- mestio help Is not new, and it is not peculiar to New York, relates the New York Evening Post A century ago, an English writer. William Fordyce Mavor, In his "Survey of Berkshire," remarked pathetically: "It is greatly to be lamented that good servants very year become more scarce and diffi cult to command." Such also was the com plaint of our own grandmothers and mothers; such is the complaint of our wives today. It Is true, however, that servants are harder to find than for some years past. Housekeepers from one end of Manhattan to the other unite In a chorus of grief, which Is echoed from Brooklyn, Staten Island and the Bronx, from West chester county and Rockland, and from the whole state of New Jersey. The trouble may be more acute here because popula tion Is more congested, but If the news papers of Philadelphia and Chicago are not deceived, the situation in those cities, and Indeed In the whole country, is un usually distressing. Some of the reasons for the present plight are obvious. There have been and must continue to be certain Inherent difficulties In the problem. These have often " ben pointed out: Long and irregular hours, confined and often lonely routine, Varying quantities of work, vagaries and caprices of mistresses and the so-called "social stigma." All these combine to draw women Into factory employment, with Its fixed hours, opportunities to be on the street In going and corning, congenial companion Ship while busy, definite- tasks, formal rules for conduct, consistent supervision ad general Independence outside of hours t : " MR. AND MRS. CLARK monla, and that the weight of Mr. Parker might be reduced to the extent of 75 or 10 pounds. In the first instance the trip was an entire-success, the cough of Mrs. Parker, having been left In the sandhills. In the latter, however, there was no Biich o:d luck. "I only lost seven pounds," said Mr. Parker, "but I am thankful that I didn't take oi seven.". "Twenty years ago," said Mr. Parker, "when I used to ride the ranges, I thought nothing of a hundred-mile trip a day, but right here I want to rise to remark,, and Just at this time it is easier to tal'r stand ing, that 100 miles a day on liorreback Is quite a Jaunt. However, I enjoyed this trip. The first two days out it nearly did me up, and I had made up my mind whet we reached the ranch we would ttart back In a buckboard. When I would get off that horse at night my clothes would s ick closer to me than a brother. But after the first two days I was all right. The ft st part of the trip did not bother Mrs. Puiker at all, but after about half of the distance had been covered she began to Fhow the effects of it. She stood the trip well, how ever, and after an eight days' rest at the ranch we never thought any more of the buckboard, . but were ready for .the return and we both felt tip top when we got hack. "The times when I got tired were when night was coming on and we would meet some man on the road and he would say It was three or four miles to the town. We wou'd Jog ulong, come in sight of the town and then find it was six or seven miles away. Those times when the train would pass us I had visions of home and of the greatness of the iron horse. Just to give Martyrdom of of labor. For the many women to whom the kitchen and its duties are not posi tively attractive, the factory will always be a Btrong magnet; and the growth of manufacturing must make even deeper In roads upon domestic service. VarioU3 xug gestions have been offered for Improving conditiona, but few or none of the reme dies are practicable for people of moderate means, who must continue 'to meet these inherent difficulties as best they can. There are, however, some new factors-, in the reckoning. The demand for the work of women is keener than ever lcfore. With the last decude a number -of occupa-' tions have opened to them for ' the first ! time. Women are, for example, acceptably, lining positions os factory Inspectors and sanitary officers. Most of these new occu pations are above the skill and intelligence of the housemuid, but the women who are drafted Into the higher service leave room in other callings for" the better class of maids to enter, and thus drain off tho household service -from the-top. The greatest demand for:female labor U. due to the era of prosperity. Our manufac turing has expanded enormously. With all our factories running lull time and pay-' Ing high wages, the housekeeper is facing a sharp competition at a desperate d's id-vantage.- To add to" her troubles she must compete. also with her own c-Mss. A few days ago ihe New York State Department of Labor, in Ha quarterly bulletin, declare J: "Prosperity is so widely diffused that the servant-keeping clussiis larger than ever before, and has thus created a demand ..thai exceeds the supply." With families that kept no servant now employing at least one, and wealthier families adding an V7 4"- "H v - - - - i k-tm VltY in t II OF LINCOLN AS THEY APPEARED ON an example of the slowness with which a man on horse gets along: At Grand Island I met on engineer I knew. The next day I met him on the streets at Ravenna. He had .? ne Into Lincoln and back again and we had merely got to cne little town. "We had fine weather nearly all the way. At Broken Bow we struck a rand storm that was the regular thing. The sand cut our faces and was fo fierce that when we landed in the town we stayed all night be cause it was impossible to make any red way against It. One night we rounded Into Llnscott at 6:30 o'clock and found xotl Ing there but a section house. Not even a place for our horses. We were tlreJ out then, but there was nothing left but to push on to the next town. We were right in the sand hills then and from then until the stars came up I believe it was thj darkest night I ever saw. Wc had mere'y a little trail to follow In the sand and we ran into a sand blow. This Is where the wind scoops out the rand and wipes out the trail. In this instance for over a block. We hunted around and found a patch and followed It for over a half mile and it took us to a water tank. Then we had to ie trace our route and get buck to the blow out for a fresh start. We made it all right und found the trail that brought us Into town about 9:30 thut r.lght. "The first day upon our return trip we made s'.xty-four miles ond were not the least bit tired when we went to bed that night. That was the biggest day's riding we did. We got along a great deal better on the return trip than we did going cut. Neither of us noticed It and never felt tired out at night like we did when we went out. the Housewife extra nurse, waitress, or laundress, the unfortunate housewife Is ground betwesn the upper millstone of the factory and tho lower millstone of her own companions In adversity. Not only is the demand greater than be fore, but the supply Is smaller. The very prosperity that has enlarged the servant keeping class has enabled poorer people either to maintain their daughters at home or send them to school; and many. girl i who in UK3. would have been seeking placet are now living in ease on the abundant earnings of their fathers and brothers. Statistics on this point are not available,, but the facts re patent. It is plain, als:, that employment at good wages hus al lowed nviuy young mechanics to marry, and has thus transformed possible house maids "into actual wives. The "steady -company" hus been much in evidence, unl tils attentions hive still further disturbed our domestic economy. Borne people ask why the ennrmojs tin- migration of the lust few years has not filled up our depleted stock; for generally In times of heavy immigration household servants are comparatlve'y abundant. An. examination . of the government returns shbwa that in the twelve months ending. June, VJtt, the number of female immi grants was 12,374, anA In the next year it was 343,900. With an Increase of over til.OuO there ought to be some balm In Qllead for our housekeepers. But unhappily the char acter of the immigration has net been such a to furnish domestic servants. Of tho total number of women for 1j3, S.877 came from Asia and other lands outside of Eu rope. Moreover, of the 234,023 Europeans a large number are from nations where modes V ..i -5 f ' - J" t 1 1 . ' ft J -J THEIR LONO RIDE. The lust day we made forty-five miles. "Before I made the trip I could not walk any great distance without feeling tired and pufling an) blowing, but just to see how I was getting along we walked acroBS the bridge over the Loup, which is said to be a mile wide, and I didn't puff a bit and was not the least tired. The trip did us both a world of good and we had any number of experiences thnt mode It enjoyable. I believe that It has entirely cured the cough of Mrs. Parker, which had troubled her for months, and I never felt better In my life. Of course, I found " on the start that I couldn't stand the racket like I used to In the old days, but I enjoyed it so much and It did . us so much good that next year we shall ride Into Yellowstone park from here. But we are going to arrange It a little different next year. We are going to get two good horses to ride and u. team and buckboard. In the buckboard, which I shall hire a boy to drive, I intend to put a tent, with the bot tom sewed on to keep out the snakes and bugs, the cooking utenslla and such things needed around a Camp. Then when wo want to stop, wc can stop and make a camp. If we tire of riding horseback th?n we can get Into the buckboard. In that way It will be more enjoyable and not the least bit tlresom. I firmly be lieve that an outing like that is the greatest thing on earth for a person to take and I believe It Is becoming more recognized as such every year. I certainly recom mend It for anyone who wants to Improve his health, though just for a three days' Jaunt It is killing If one is not used to It." of life and social conditions unfit women for domestic service In Amerie-a, without a training that would uproot most of their personal habits. In 1902, some 44.S53 came from Austria-Hungary, and in 1903 the flood had risen to 5S,027i The figures for Italy are respectively 32,643 and 43.C56; and the totals for Portugal, Roumania, Russia, Servla, Spain wnd Turkey are 41,4?9 and 51.118. Making these deductions, we have left from the Immigration of 1903 only Sl, 222 women from the countries that usually send household servants. Of these, 15,223 came from. Germany, .8,212 from Norway, 32,000 from the Tnlted Kingdom and 16,220 from Sweden. Many of them, of course, started directly weet to settle? on the pros perous fnrms there. The other day a gushing student of the ' question suggested that "love l.i the only hope." Without- disparaging the Christian virtues, we may be sure that love will not melt the stony heart of factory wages or immigration - statistics. With demand strengthening and supply diminishing, the outlook is- not cheerful. The only relief now in sight Is from a check upon our prosperity. The fall in prices and curtail ment of manufactures that are. expected in the near future will inevitally listen the demand for female labor both in the fac tory and In the home, and will as Inevitably Increase the supply.' Meantime the martyr dom of the housekeeper must go on. If it be true, as ancient writers allege, that ona of the enjoyments of the righteous in heaven is to see the torments of the damned, then the families which have drawn from the greatest American lottery one or two competent and contented serv ant should be In seventh heaven of ecstasy.