Dare -Devil Warriors of Japan
(Copyright, IMS, by T. C. McClure.)
THK battle of the Yalu, one of .
I fii th decisive conflict of the Chlno-
JTm. I Jape nose war, while a Japanese
t . gaUof WM standing on the rail of
t -,- , f hla ship watching the enemy he
was struck by a fragment of a hell, hor
ribly wounded and knocked Into the aea. lie
roac for a moment In a whirl of bloody
foam, shouted to hla comrades, "Nippon
baniai!" ("Japan forever!") then sank, to
rise no more.
This Incident Illustrates the dare-devil
courage and absolute devotion of the mika
do's great hearted little warriors. There
are a thousand other true stories of ua
Japanese army and navy which are fit v)
keep It company and to prove that the men
who will fight Japan's next battles rank
among the best soldiers In the world. Of
all these stories, the heroism of a private
named Harada. during the siege of Plng
. Yang, Is regarded In Japan as the most re
markable. "I don't believe this story of the war with
China has ever been told to the western
world," said a Japanese merchant, now
living in New York, "but In Japan It Is re
garded as the classic Instance of national
"The fort at Ping-Yang made a most des
perate resistance. Again and again our
troops tried to storm the gate, but the mas
sive door was secured by a heavy Iron bar.
and they could not gain entrance. They
were beaten back, but Harada stayed be
hind tinder the shelter of the battlements.
While the enemy were triumphing over
their victory, he quietly scaled the wall, and
dropped down suddenly Into the midst of a
hundred yelling Boxers. Before they leal
lied who he was. he had shot a couple of
them, bayonetted a third, thrown down the
Iron bar and swung the gate open.
"Then, for a few strenuous moments, he
beid the gate alone against hundreds of
Chinese, .until his comrades rushed up.
cheering madly, and swarmed in and took
the fort. They found Harada covered with
blood and surrounded by a rampart of
corpses but alive and only slightly
rT, Me WM decort the mikado
and Is today one of the national heroes of
wI6" v' I0" "nd bana,s have' been
S " Harada s
exploit and his example is held up to all
tho boys In the Japanese schools
Me.a.r ,Adm,rT1 Kbakma Is another na
tions hero. In the battle of the Yalu he
Zll.1 .Tr1"1 f a raerchant eteamer
which had been hurriedly turned Into a
transport and mounted with a couple of
7hC adra,ra, d,d not expect
the battle and almost before he knew what
was happening, his feeble craft was cut
off from the rest of the Japanese fleet
?h M"ed t0 .tHe "re f the blBt of
the Chinese cruisers and battleships.
It seemed impossible that It could escape
destruction, but the admiral handled it
beautifully dodging In and out among tho
Chinese ships like a clever dancer in a
crowded ball room. He crumpled up a
torpedo boat with one of his rapid-fire
guns and even had the audacity to pump
some shot Into the battleships. A shell
burst on the deck, but he kept as cool as
a cucumber and calmly told two of hla
officers to fetch their cameras and take
ome pictures of the battle.
Then another torpedo boat hurried "up
and discharged a torpedo broadside at the
ship. As the admiral saw it cutting through
the water, he lit a cigarette and said to
his officers, "Here comes our finish, gentle
men !"-or the Japanese words to that ef
fect However, the torpedo dived clean
under the ship's keel and exploded far
away on the other side.
Things were growing too hot, and the
admiral determined he would not be cap
tured. He sent his ship full speed ahead
and tried to ram the biggest Chinese battle
ship. It dodged out of the way and the
transport steamed on, little damaged, and
rejoined the Japanese fleet.
Kabayama's heroic fight takes rank with
Blr Richard Grenvllles battle of "the one
and fifty-three," but It had a happier end
ing. Although his ship passed through a
storm of shot and shell, only a few of the
creV were killed or wounded.
It Is often supposed thtu the Jups,
though bravo enough, are careless of their
comrades' lives and Imbued with the usiml
oriental Indifference to suffering. But the
records of the Japanese army and navy
teem with numberless deeds of devotion
and self-Bacrlnee which prove the con
trary. At the bloody ba.'lle of Taping Shan a
dying officer emulated Blr Philip Sidney
by giving his water lwttle to a wounded
soldier, although he was parched with
thirst himself. "He needs it more than I
do," he said, almost In Sidney's words.
Consider, too, the heroic self-sacrifice of
a private soldier named Orlhara Tamo
kichl. His battalion had fought all day,
and then marched over rough, snow-covered
country until midnight. When at lust
they bivouacked for the night, It was
found that a wounr.ed soldier had fallen
out of the column and been left behind, to
perish In the snow. Orlhara was himself
wounded and tired out, but he volunteered
to go back and look for his eomruda.
He found the man lying seoseleas In tlie
snow, a mile away. He lifted him on his
back and staggered toward the camp, but
missed his way In a blinding snow storm
and wandered about for over four hours
before he found his comrades, and fell
fainting with his burden before- the camp
fire. Both men recovered, and are today
serving In the Japanese army.
Perhaps the strangest Incident of the
Chlno-Japanese war wan the appearance
of the famous Wel-hal-wcl baby. It Is
discussed to this day In every Japanese
barracks, and the story Is told to the tour
ist who foregathers with the soldiers.
During a lull In the land attack on one
of the forts, a Chinese woman suddenly
made her appearance In tbe firing line of
the 8lxth division, apparently coming from
nowhere. She was hurriedly ordered to the
rear, and disappeared. A few minutes
afterwards a lusty baby boy was found
lying on the ground, beside a gun.
Captain Higuchl Sells buro, who Is a fam
ily man, picked up the baby and nursed It
with experienced care. The bugle rang
out for the advance of a storming party on
the fort. The captain tried to hand his
tiny captive over to a Chinese prisoner,
but the youngster yelled as if he would
go Into convulsions. He did not want to
leave his friend, the enemy.
The bugle rang out again, and, with the
baby in one arm and his sword In the other
hand, the gallant captain led the charge
and captured the fort. The bay nestled to
his breast, untroubled by the roar of bat
tle, and. passed safely through the fight.
After it was over a home was found for
him in a Chinese village.
At Hwangchlatai five Japs, led by a
sergeant named Kadoda, routed a Chinese
army. They were sent out by their gen
eral to reconnolter the enemy's right wing
and rear. - After getting the desired Infor
mation, Kadoda thought he would do
something on bis own account, so he
worked around to the left flank and boldly
led his men In a charge right Into the
enemy's lines. They yelled so loudly and
seemed to appear in so many places at
once that thu Chinese thought it was a
general attack, and the entire army fled
A remarkable trait of the Mikado's sol
diers is their Indifference to wounds. It
takes a great deal to make them stop
fighting.- At the battle of Kaiplng a Jap
anese private was shot through the head.
i OME entertainments, in which the
whole family and chance vis
itors may join, are desirable dur-
IV fl lng the long winter evenings.
' Some clever young women re
cently devised a variety of authors game
that has proved a great success.
The way it is played Is for some one per
son, generally the eldest of the party, to
read from some such list of prepared ques
tions as Is given herewith, with the rest of
the company, who are seated in a circle, an
swer In turn. If No. 1, after amlnute or
two, cannot answer the question put. It is
passed on until some one does answer it,
and that person Is given credit. The one
who answers the greatest number of ques
tions Is given a little prize of some kind,
and the "booby," of course. Is also pro
Any bright-witted person onn get up
questions of their own to supplement the
list below, and work In any author
wanted. The originators of the list here
with given took up the names of standard
authors for the most part:
Q. What a rough man said to his son
when he wished him to eat properly. A.
Q.A lion's house dug Inside n hill where
there Is no water. A. Dryden.
Q. Pilgrims and flatterers have knelt low
to kiss hip. A. Pope.
Q. Makes and mends for first-class cus
tomers. A. Taylor (Bayard Taylor).
Q Represents the dwellings of civilixed
men. A. Holmes.
Q.-A kind of linen. A.- Holland (J. G.)
Q. Is worn on the head. A. Hood.
Q.- A name that means such fiery things,
I in n't describe their pains and stings. A.
Q. Belongs to a monastery. A. Prior.
Q. Not one of the four points of the
compass, but Inclining toward one of them.
Q. What an oyster heap Is apt to bo.
. A. Shelley.
Q. A chain of hills cuiilaining a dark
treasure. A. Coleridge.
Q. An American manufacturing town.
Q. Humpbacked, but not deformed. A.
Campbell (pronounced cam'el).
Q. An Internal pain. A. Aiken.
Q. The value of a word. A. Words
worth. Q.A worker In precious metals. A.
Q.A very vital part of the body. A.
Q.A lady's garment. A.-'-Baxe (J. OX
Q-Small talk and heavy weight. A.--
"One should not stop for a wound!" he
cried, and plunged into the thick of the
fight, after making a rough bandage. The
bandage slipped, and In a moment he was
deluged In blood from head to foot. Yet
he raged among the Chinese like a bare
sark Viking of old a spectacle so awe
Infeplrlng that the enemy soon broke and
fled. Then, and not till then, he allowed
himself to be taken to the field hospital.
The women of Japan are like the Spar
tan heroines they tell their husbands and
sons to come back from war "with their
shields or on them." Many stories are
told In relation to the Chino-Japanene war
of the heroism of the women who were
left behind when the men milled away
from the Island kingdom to fight the
Mikado's battles in Corea and Manchuria.
When the Eighteenth Infantry was
marching through a' little village on its
way to embark for the front a Japanese
woman named Mlkt Masu Insisted on
speaking with one of the lieutenants who
had been kind to her son, a soldier In
the regiment. The lieutenant reluctantly
consented, expecting that she would beg
for his discharge from the army. But that
was not her Idea,
"I have come to thank you for your
kindness to my son," she said, "and to ask
you to see that he does his duty well. I
am a widow and he Is my only son, but I
have told him that when he goes Into bat
tle he must be quite ready and willing to
die for his emperor and his country. I
have told him, too, that I shall die of
shame If he disgraces himself by playing
the coward. That Is the only thing I feel
The son, Choklchl fought throughout the
war in gallant style, as he could hardly
help doing after being trained by such a
mother. He won honor and promotion and
went back to her without a scratch.
Another woman, whose son was her sole
support, told him that he must return
to the colors, for he was a reservist. "The
duty to the flag," she said, "comes before
the lesser duties to the home. Though I
should die of starvation, you must not
hesitate. You must think of your country,
not of me."
The Japanese leaders are worthy of
their men. Several of them are men of
brilliant ability and International reputa
tion. In the event of war the people of Japan
Chatterton. ' .
Q.A prefix and a disease. A. De
Q. Comes from a pig. A. Bacon.
Q- A disagreeable fellow to have on
one's foot. A. Bunyan.
Q.A shk place of worship. A. Church
ill. Q.A mean dog 'tis. A. Curtis (George
Q. An official dreaded by the students
of Rngllsh universities. A. Proctor. '
Q. His middle name is suggestive of an
Indian or a Hottentot. A. Walter Savage
Q. A manufactured metal. A. Steele.
Q.-A, game and a male of the human
apecies. A. Tennyson.
Q. An answer to "Which 'is the greater
poet. William Shakespeare or Martin Tuu
per?" A. Willis.
Q. Meat, what are you doing? A.
Q.--Is very fast indeed. A. Swift.
Q.A barrier built by an edible. A.
Q.-To agitate a weapon. A. Shuke
epeare. Q. A. domestic worker. A. Cook (Rose
Q.A slung expression. A. Dickens.
Q - Pack her away closely, do not scat
ter, and doing so you'll soon get at hr.
A.- Stowc (Harriet Beecher).
Q.A young domestic animal. A. Lamb.
Q. "Mamma la in perfect health, my
child." And thus he named u poet ini!d.
Q.A girl's name and a male relation.
Q. Put an edible betwixt an ant and a
bee, and u much-loved poet you will sec.
Q.A common domestic animal and what
It can never do. A. Cowiier.
Q.A hoy's name and my child. A.
Q. Colorless and hard as rock. A.
Q. Decidedly mixed up A.-Riley.
Q. I'pper rooms. A. Story.
Q. To secure with anchors. A. Moore.
Q. Twice written. A.- Mark Twain.
Q.A girl's name and light. A. Emer
Q To wade. A.-Ford (Paul Leicester).
Q.A dark color. A.-filack.
Q. Always lively and bright, whether
sober or tight. A. Gay.
Q.-A watery sport. A. Roe (13. P.).
Q. Is found near a vessel. A. Cable
Q. Is what authors want you te do. A.
will look to Admiral Ito for great deeds.
He is their Nelson. He commanded at the
battle of the Yalu. Foreign offloers whe
have served in eastern waters say he Is a
genius in the handling of a fleet. At pres.
ent he Is commanding the reserve squad
ron. Japan's greatest general Is Viscount Kat
sura, who has taken a prominent part la
reorganising the national army on Euro
pean models. He is a veteran who fought
In the civil war which overthrew the 8ho
gun and crested the new Japan. In hi
youth he Ik came famous for reckless rour
ago In battle; lstcr In life he proved him
self to be a great general, just as careful
of hla men's lives as he had been careless
of his own. During the Chlno-Japanese
war he won victory after victory, and the
foreign experts with his army hud nothing
but praise for the manner In which ho
handled his troops. He has been a soldier
since 1HS7 and stands at the top of his
profession. Two years ago he was made
prime minister of Japan.
General Otorl and General Tachlme are
two other famous warriors. The former
Is a fine old soldier, with a flowing beard
and almost European features. He dis
tinguished himself In the civil war, but
his fighting days are over now, and he
Is an Important member of the board of
strategy. His experience and counsel are
regarded as being of the greatest value.
He may be called the Nestor of the Japa
nese army. General Tachlme, on the other
hand. Is a young man who won rank and
famo In the Chlno-Japanese war, and whit
still has the greater part of his career
Major General Oshlma, who commanded
the Japanese In the Peking campaign, Is
another famous veteran. He commanded
an army In the Chlno-Japanese wax with
courage and success, and In the opinion
of many expert foreigners he was second
to none among the brilliant galaxy of the
world's generals who participated in Hie
march to Peking.
One of the favorite heroes of the Japa
nese army Is Major General Fukushlma,
Shortly aiter the war with China hhr name
became a household word In Japan by Ids
daring ride alone through Siberia and Man
churia into Corea, He covered thousands
of miles on horseback, enduring great bard
ship In order to make himself thoroughly
familiar with the lines. of the Russian ad
vance in the far east. The Mikado and
the German emperor decorated him tor
When the Boxer trouble broke out. . he
went to Peking with the Japanese relief
force, and distinguished himself by sev
eral heroic deeds. . The Japanese say that
he was really the brains of that brilliant
little campaign, the foreign commanders
relying absolutely upon his special knowl
edge of the country and the Chinese. Ha
now holds a leading position on the board
of strategy of the Japanese war office.
When he made his famous ride he was only
a major, but he has been promoted with
extraordinary rapidity, until he is now a
major general at the early age of 40.
When next Japan goes to war, whether
with Russia or any other power, Fuku
shlma will play an important part In the
General Fukushlma Is said to be the most
popular officer in Japan. His men Idolize
"He Is the Cheva'ier Bayard of our
a my." said the Japanese resident In New
York already quoted "the bravest, the
most gallant, the most chivalrous of all
our officers. A hundred stories are told of
him wherever Japanese soldiers are gath
ered together how, when he was a young
subaltern, he once gave every cent he pos
sessed to save a brother officer from ruin
and disgrace; how. In the Pes in J campaign,
he shared hla blunkets, food, wine, luxu
ries and money with the common soldiers;
how leniently he treats hla men and yet
obtains better work from them than any
body else can. In the Japanese army a
word of censure or even a reproving glance
from Fukushlma la more keenly felt than
severe punishments by other generals."
Officers and men have a fine example
set them by the emperor, to' whom they
Kive such unquestioning devotion. During
the conflict with the Chinese, the mikado
worked steitdt'.y at the business of the war
from 5 o'clock in the morning till midnight,
tiring out all his ministers and secretaries
and refusing to rest or even to take food.
"Why should I enjoy luxury and ease," ha
asked, "while my brave soldiers In Corea
are suffering hardship and ieril."
The mikado's eldest son, the crown
prince, was In Corea, shuring to the full
the hardships of the soldiers, sleeping un
der the cold light of the stars, eating a
private's rations and dividing his blanket
and few luxurios with his humbler com
rades. Later on In the bitter co'd of a
MuiK'hurlan campaign, he wore only a
white duck uniform, which he even declined
to allow the soldiers to wash for him.
"Everybody else has to wear a dirty uni
form," he said. "Why should mine be
washed for me? Here I am not the crow
prince. I am simply on of Japan's
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