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THE OMAHA DAILY lEE: WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 11.
Tiie Omaha Daily Bee. El R08E WATER, EDITOR. PUBLISHED KVERT MORNING. TERMS OK" SUBSCRIPTION. Eally Bee (without Sunday), One Vnr MM ally Hee and Sunday. One Year 0J Illustrated Hee. One Year 2 0) Sunday Bee, Olio tear , !W Saturday Pee, One Year 1 W Twentieth Century Farmer, One Year.. 1.00 DELIVERED BY CARRIER. Dally Hee fwilnout Sunday), ir copy 2r Daily Bee (without Sunday), per week. .12c Dalli Bee (Including Sunday), per we-k.ljc Sunday Hee, r copy 5! Evening Bee without Sunday), per wrek c Evening Bee (Including; Sunday), per week 10c Complaints -of Irregularities In delivery hould be addressed to City Circulation De partment. OFFICES. Omaha The Bee Btilldln a. South Omaha-Cltv H ty-flfth and M atreeta. South Omaha City Hall Building, Twen- Council Bluffs in Pearl Street. Chicago 1 (MO I'nitv Building:. New York-r!2 Park How Building. Washington (VI Fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. Communications relating to news and edi torial matter should be addressed: Omaha Bee, Editorial Department. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or postal order payable to The Bee Publishing Company, Only z-cent stamps accepted in payment ol tle to The Bee Publishing uompany. S-cent stamps accepted In payment of mall accounts Personal checks, except on Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accepted. THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANT. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION, tat of Nebraska, Douglas County, as: George B. Tzschuck, secretary of The Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn, ay that the actual number of full and complete copies of The Daily Morning, Bvenlng and Sunday Be printed during Uu month of October, 1903, was as follows: 1.. ,hoo n iwao 1 ........ W.OWO 18 8,180 19 80.2K0 20 8O.8T0 21 ao ,2Hn 23 8O.T0 28 RH.TtB 24 aa,o 25 BO.OOO 2 ai.lTO 27 81,100 28 81,100 29 SO.040 80 4,B50 27,400 28.T10 imiiiiiiw .28,800 T.m......2fMHM) l..M.M.MM..2M,710 ..mm. 2,030 JM.MOO 11.. 80.BB0 U.MH.W..IU,4M U.MMM 2M.S40 u - ,,, , , g U..... ZHJUtO U SH.JUVO 31 ...M.aHB Total 32,020 naold and returned copies.... 10,fcS4 Net total sales ....023,808 Met average sales 29,783 GEORGE B. TZ8CHUCK. Subscribed In my presence and sworn to before me this 4th day of October, A. D 1K M. B. H UNGATE. 'King Ak-Sar-Ben Is almost ready to flT a report from the guardian of the rvai excuequer. If John O. Yelser Is satisfied that he got a good run for his money no one else hag any kick coming. When President Roosevelt promises a brief message his Idea of brevity coin cides with that of the reading public. The Board of Review this year ought to have a comparatively easy task. The Board of Review last year biased the Vfl V anil ot th. ra r . M . . . f U V. V-. The plumbing In the county hospital is still leaking, but there are also sev eral other leaks in the county board's conduct of county affairs. .With two, candy, dealers in Jhe. city council the pushcart candy, men com mit an unpardonable offense in selling their wares at neighboring corners. No, Canada does not feel any better over coming out at the small end of the boundary arbitration, but It hns stopped advertising its grief quite so widely. Cuba has been showing some signs of a disposition to do something 'for itself from which the argument that we ought to do something for Cuba at leasgalns some strength. With the assistance of the Omaha Commercial club George II. Maxwell is earning the" salary the railroads have put up for him as secretary of the Na tional Irrigation association. Nebraska congressmen fared better than their colleagues from Iowa In drawing seats In the hall of the house. They will have to hustle, however, to keep up with Iowa in pulling out the legislative plums. According to best reports the county treasurer-elect Is going through the throes of a second campaign, wrestling with the guaranty bond men who want to Insure his incumbency. To say which ordeal Is the worst would require ex pert testimony. Nebraska is put down as having five out of six new and inexperienced con gressmen to represent it in the house at Washington. Never mind four out of the live will not be so new and Ju experienced when they are returned to the next congress. The new Republic of i'anutua has se cured a recognition from France as well as from the United States the two fore most republics of the world. The Iminl f sympathy between republics Is plainly closer than the bond between the old monarchies and the new republic. Colonel Bryan" experts' to start this week on his much-talketlof European trip and be absent several months, it Is safe to say he will keep advise,! of the direction of the political weather-vane on this side and that the time of his re turn will depend largely on which way the wind blows. ' It Is particularly appropriate that one party of invaders Into U.e old Red Lake Indian reservation, now thrown, open for settlement, will make Its Incursion from Thief River FbIIb. The line of riVmnr katJon Is, very hazy between t.ikintf land in a government lottery and taking It without any rightful claim nt all. Mayor Moores is ripjit In declaring that. the city should not tolerate any more foolishness from bond brokers who bid in our bond Isxues and, after holding them' for months ns an option, refuse to execute the ronract unless they have previously turned a profit by unloading on other investors. The city should keep a bond broke' blacklist and very bond house that breaks faltli oncv should be barred from having- it bids considered for all future stile, rRtSlDtHTS CUBA MX8SAQB. The message of President Roosevelt recommending legislation to make effective the Cuban reciprocity treaty, as required by the sennte's amendment to the treaty, presents the arguments for the desired action briefly and forcibly. They are not now to the country, having been ta ted In previous utterance of the president ns well ns by other advocates of closer trade relations between Cuba and the t nited States. It Is urged, that both our Interest and our honor demand the legislation conteniplnted; that our Intimate political relations with Cuba make Incumbent and necessary close economic relations; that the new repul) 11c having acted In good faith toward the United States, by complying fully with the requirements of this govern ment, It Is our Imperative duty to help that republic onward and upward. In doing which we shall also promote our own Interests. These nrguments un questionably make n strong appeal to the American, sense of fairness ami jus tice, to the feeling that this great na tion ought to show special favor to the neighbor to which It gave Independence and the security of which It is bound to safeguard. The president expresses the belief that no injury will result to any American interest from the treaty, but that many Interests will be benefited. There are still some, however, who earnestly be lieve that reciprocity with Cuba will prove damaging if not disastrous to the domestic sugar Industry and to some extent an Injury to the tobacco industry. Whether or not those who hold this view will persist in opposing the treaty remains to be seen. It is reported that a considerable opposition Is likely to be manifested In the house, but It Is not thought that it will be sufficient to de feat the proposed legislation. That nu merous American Interests would be benefited by reciprocity with Cuba Is not to be doubted. As shown by' the statistics of Cuban trade compiled by the Department of Commerce, the United States Is not now getting such share of that trade as it should have, that while Cuba has been selling to this country In increasing volume, by much the greater part of her importations have come from European countries. It is entirely probable that this condi tion, anomalous though It Is, will con tinue If the reciprocity treaty is not made effective, with the possibility, as President Roosevelt points out, of Cuba making commercial arrangements with other countries to our disadvantage. It Is well understood that other countries are most anxious to make liberal com mercial arrangements with Cuba, par ticularly England, Germany and Spain, and we shall be estopped from making any objection to Cuba treating with such countries if we refuse the reci procity she asks. The question has been so thoroughly discussed In all its aspects that It would seem congress, should not be long in disposing of it. Perhaps the house will not be, but it is possible that it will tart a prolonged tariff debate In. the senate. THK ABUT CAHTKKS. There Is promised another contest in congress over the army canteen, a bill having been Introduced In the house re storing the canteen. If the practically unanimous testimony of army officers In command of military posts is to re ceive the consideration which it merits there ought to be no difficulty in passing the bill. So far as we are aware not a single rrport to the Wur department of post commanders has failed to point out the 111 effects that have resulted from the extinction of the canteen. The tes timony Is overwhelming that the con sequences have been most demoralizing to the soldiers and necessarily destruc tive of discipline. Drunkenness and disease in the army have greatly in creased and many of the men' do not give that i care and attention to their personal condition and to their duties as soldiers that they formerly did. This can readily be understood when the circumstances are known. The abandonment of the canteen was promptly followed by the establishment near military posts of a low class of saloons, where vile liquor Is sold and gambling and other demoralizing prac tices are allowed. In these places the soldiers drink the poisonous stuff that is provided and not infrequently ore robled of their money by the sharpers who hang about the saloons. The can tertt provided whore the soldier was not allowed to drink to excess and where he could find . congenial pastime without Injury to his health or bis morals. The welfare of the army demands the resto ration of the canteen, the abandonment of which experience has amply demon strated was a grave mistake. I'RUTBCiixo rvBLW until A LS. It has been remarked that congress has seldom displayed more Indtffereuce to the teachings of experience than In Its failure, after three presidential as sassinations, to do anything for the bet ter protection of ' the chief executive, aside from an unimportant section of the new Immigration bill regarding- the lciortation of , an anarchist. When President McKlnley was assaaHiuated it was very generally thought that con gress would throw whatever safeguards were . within legislative reach around the person of the thief executive. This was made the leading recommendation in President Roosevelt's first message and of the three specific suggestion submitted a part of ouly one has been adopted. He recommended the suppres sion of anarchists and anarchistic liter ature, also that the federal courts should 1h giveu Jurisdiction, over any person M ho kills or attempts to kilt the presi dent of the United States or any one who is In the line of succession. The question of protecting public offi cials will again receive attention from the' present congreaa. Representative littkfleld of Maine La already Intro duced a bill providing that the crime of killing the president, the vice president, ambansadora or ministers of foreign countries accredited to the United States, shall be punishable with death, and prescribing life Imprisonment for attempts to commit bodily Injury against the president or vice president. The bill further provides a penalty of fine and Imprisonment for the teaching of an archistic doctrines nnd for conspiring within or without the United States for the killing of a ruler or chief executive of any other country. There Is no doubt of the desirability of legislation of this character, and there ought not to be any hesitation on the part of congress In pro viding It, for undoubtedly it will have the approval of all good citizens. AS UNJUSTIFIABLE MCASURE. The Bee has already Indicated its objections to the proposition before the city council to enact nn ordinance of exclusion against peddlers and street venders In the business district The Inspiration behind this measure Is the natural desire of certain retail dealers to shut out competition In some of the petty lines of their business under the impression that the suppression of the peddler, pushcart and street stands will bring to themselves the trade upon which these curbstone merchants sub sist It is very probable that this reasoning Is correct and that the enactment of the ordinance would mean the extinc tion of these, to them, objectionable venders. But that does not Justify the measure nor does the argument appeal to the public, which usually prefers to live nnd to let live. The street venders have all taken out peddlers' licenses nnd complied with the require ments of the law, and they can hold no patronage except by ministering to the convenience of the public or offering their 'wares at prices that compare favorably with those asked for In regu lar shops. But above nil, the suppression of the street vender would wipe out one of the distinguishing marks of a metropolitan city. There are no street venders In small villages or dead towns, but there Is not a live, hurtling American city whose streets do not swarm with these businessmen of the sidewalk. To shut them out Mould make the street life of Omaha dull and listless as compared with wideawake cities of half its size. Oranhn cannot afford to take this step notwithstanding the clamor for It from the big merchants and shopkeepers. City Prosecutor Lee has Just closed up every appealed case for the violation of city ordinances pending in the dis trict court, nnd out of thirteen trials has secured twelve convictions. It Is no disparagement of his predecessors to say that this is the first time In years that such a situation has been brought about, but it is certainly a tribute to his energy nnd. activity .that ho should be able to clean-up the slate in so thorough a manner. The beneficial re sult may be expected to necrue In the police court from now on,' where offenders will ln less likely tp under take to evade. 'their fines by appealing to a higher court with the expectation that the case will never be prosecuted or never reached. Every competent ob server agrees that the police court in this city has never been run on such n businesslike basis as It is being con ducted under the present efficient offi cials. Let the good work go 6n. While the negotiations are pending for the purchase of the water works by the city of Oiualm the South Omnhn council is tinkering with a new ordi nance modifying the franchise of the company in that city. Of course the privileges which the people of South Omaha are asked to give are put down as of very little value and covered en tirely by the compensation offered. But let the South Omaha franchise come In as an element of value In the Omaha appraisement and It will have grown to Vnonnous' proportion. In view of the fact that Omaha and South Omaha will eventually be one city and Jointly bear the burdens of the two, It would not be Inappropriate for the South Omaha authorities to hold off on their franchise business until they learn the outcome of the purchase proceedings In Omnha. t .. . m Secretary Root say that be will not ask In his report for any new legislation with respect to the reorganization of the armyThis declaration may be taken to mean that the army reorganization law is working satisfactorily, or at any rate that the experimental innovations have not gone far enough yet to call for material changes in the statutes which govern them. The army reorganization bill worked a revolution In our military system and It will be a good thing to allow time for It to acquire stability be fore lelng subjected to continuous tink ering. It Is reassuring to read tha.t F; H. Cunningham, the rural mall delivery carrier out of South Omaha, who was recently elected president of the na tional association of rural delivery car riers, has resumed work on his route at the munificent . salary paid by the government of $50 a month. This Is tan gible evidence of the right spirit, cspe daily in view of the too numerous In stance where men as soon us elected to prominent positions In national or ganizations give up the work by which they became entitled to their prefer ment. - j It will take King Edward some time to get his birthday the same recognition on the calendar that was enjoyed by that of his royal mother. May 24 still counts ' for more In British aentiinrut than November 9. Remembering that he consumed only even minute lu merging the 'titular possesions of Henry John Innes Ker with the coupon securities of Mint Goe- let. Bishop Doane must consider the methods of the (average underwriter tedious indeed. Colorado's governor has decided he will not send troops into the coal strike district. Apparently the executive now shares the common belief that the Colo rado militia does its greatest good when It is kept securely at home. In his message President Roosevelt repeatedly refers to Cuba as "she" and "her.,v Tho propriety of this course Is understood only when we note that all he says of "her" Is complimentary if not positively flattering. Good AdTlce to Heed. Minneapolis Times. Let us give Sam Parks due credit for the good advice he has volunteered, what ever we may happen to thlnlt of his some what erratic career. Ideal ratrlotlsm, Washington Star. It la cheering to observe that no matter how much a public official Is overworked and how inadequate the salary la, he sel dom feels like turning over the position to some one else who may prove less compe tent. Reg-alar Annual Handont. Philadelphia Press. The democrats of Pennsylvania are still seeing lessons In the recent election. They see lessons every year, but never anything else. As long as the republicans get the victories the opposition Is welcome to the lessons; It needs 'em. Germany's Great Historian. New York Tribune. That noble old Roman, Mommsen, the historian, died full of years and honors. Germany was lavish with distinctions heaped upon him ltv his life and when he was laid to rest. The remarkable feature of his funeral was the presence of twelve surviving children. Mommsen had been the father of sixteen. In his long and diligent career he had garnered An abun dant harvest In many fields of activity, and he laid down plentiful Fheaves .when he passed over to the majority. Applying; a Good Law. Milwaukee 8entlnef. The law which Becretary Cortelyou has for the first time invoked to exclude an an archist from this country reflects public opinion, and the action of the secretary will be approved. There are enough an archists in this country now to spread the poison of their theories without borrowing from the old world the teachers of revolu tion and social disruption. The knowledge of the legitimate fruits oT anarchism has been too dearly bought by the people of the United State to be disregarded, and those who are disposed to defy public opinion upon this point should be given to understand that there will bo no more temporizing, no more misinterpretation of the term "freedom of speech," no more toleration of a propaganda that counsels the use of the torch, the bomb and the deadly weapon. . Corporations and Court Appeals, Philadelphia Record. Justice Brewer -of the United States su preme court, In an article In the Independ ent for the current week, says: "I waa as sured by one lna position to know that In a single" .state-orre of the great railroad corporations by fipeallng every judgment against It to the supreme court of the state that court having4 a crowded docket made enough In 'compromising the judg ments against it in the trial courts to pay the entire cost of Its legal department." The. radical restriction of the privilege of appeal advocated by the justice may seem too severe a remedy, but for the compara tively poor suitors the delays possible under our present system, of procedure are equiv alent to the dental 'of their rights. The name whereby the courts of last resort of many states were, formerly known indicates the correction of .errors to be their true function'. If errors be so numerous as the crowded doVke'ts of appellate tribunals would imply, there' would be room for rad Icul reforms lower down In the Judicial hierarchy. In any event, the modern view that an appeal is a matter of right Is based on false premises. 1 WOHNOCT PREACHERS, Problem of Their Care Considered by the Methodists. Chicago Tribune. The question of caring for superannuated preachers of the Methodist Episcopal church Is being quite generally agitated among the laymen of that denomination. One or two conferences already have taken action, and tjrere seems to be little doubt that all the annual conferences will me morialize the general conference of 1901 to change the discipline' so as more fully to recognize the claims of superannuated ministers, their widows and dependent children for support, and to "ask that In the distribution ofnmntinta raised for min isterial support our discipline be so changed as to recognise that conference claimants shall share pro fata with bishops, presid ing elders and pastors." This Is the lan guage of the north Indiana conference In Its memorial, apd clearly eipresses the purpoFe of the movement. That there Is a general Interest In this question of caring for superannuated cler gymen Is shown by the action of other de nomination. The Congregational, the Protestant Kplscopul and the Presbyterian churches have all taken action In looking to the support of their disabled ministry, but what has especially Incited the move ment In the Methodist Episcopal church Is the action of the Methodist Rplscopat church south, which, owning property valued at t:W,341,?t3, has anked its member ship (for a permanent fund of 5,000.009 for this purpose. The Methodist Episcopal church has a total valuaLlon of 1146.613.237, or nearly five times that of the church south, and yet Its collections last year for the support of t.350 superannuated minis ters were but J297.000, an average of $126 each, which, as one writer says. Is "not the cost fqr proper provision for a wornout horse." If the southern Methodists ask for 15.1)00,000, the five times as well off northern ones certainly ought to ask for twice or three times as much. Every laborer la worthy of his hire. If any superannuated laborer should be com fortably provided for it Is the minister who has done his duty faithfully. He has la bored all his active life, as a rule, upon a small salary. His cares have been great, his trials many. He has had to satisfy all kinds of people and has been exposed to all kinds of criticism, reasonable and un reasonable. He has had to dress and live in style not Justified by his Income. He is considered superannuated at a period ear lier than In other profesnions. The lawyer and the doctor may go on practicing until they are "in the sere and yellow leaf." the minister must, retire when he virtually la In his prime of experience and knowledge, If not of physical activity. If any class of men endures and sacrifice It is the clergy. To care fur them when disabled Is not a work of charity, but of dut The Meth odist church bad little difficulty In raivlng Its jubilee twenty millions. It should have as little difficulty In raising whatever aura may be necessary for Um support of 1 1 re U red preacher. BITS OP" WASHINGTON 1.1 FK. Minor Scenes and Incidents Sketched on tho Spot. A bunch of fifteen army commissions open to civilians, probably the last for years to come. Is causing a lively scramble among young men anxious to get Into, the array. They are all second lieutenancies, and have remained unfilled since July 1. It has been decided that after July 1 of each year the vacancies occurring shall be kept for the West Pointers who are graduated the following June, and, If any are left, for the men who come from the ranks. What are still left may go to civilian candidates who are numerous snd persistent. In the years to come it Is realized that vacancies will decrease, and the graduates will be provided for only after much difficulty, Therefore, the fifteen places still vacant to the credit of the fiscal year ended June SO last are likely to be the last to which civilian candidates will be eligible. One of the old employes of the house has figured It out that only four ex-speakers of the national house of representatives are living. Oalusha A. Grow of Pennsylvania retired from congress last year, having been legislated out of a job by the redisricting of the state. John Q. Carlisle Is another man who formerly held the gavel In the house of representatives, and General J. Warren Klefer of Ohio Is the fourth sur vivor of the great number of men who held the Important post of spreaker. In mentioning the name of living ex- speakers of the United State house of representatives one Is Invariably over looked. There lives today In Auburn, N. T., at the ripe age of 79, a rich banker named Theodore Medad Pomeroy. On the 3d of March, 1869, Mr. Pomeroy was elected speaker of the house to succeed Schuyler Colfax, who had been elected vice president and resigned the speakership to be In ducted Into the higher office. It Is said that Speaker Pomeroy served only five minutes, but the encyclopedias and biographical dictionaries fall to tell why he was elected or so short a period, why he left congress so suddenly, why Colfax resigned to get out of his way and what Pomeroy did while speaker for five minutes. The question of what we shall do with our cx-speakers Is less of a problem than what Is to be done with our former presi dents. Henderson and Carlisle are both earning more money now than they ever did In congress. They are corporation at 'torneys, with headquarters in New Tork City, and are doing well. Oalusha A. Grow Is busy writing his memoirs, and will have an Interesting story to tell of his half a century In public life. General Klefer has reached that ripe old age when he wants no regular occupation. He Is living In the past. The opening of each new congress finds hlm In Washington, shaking hands with the' old gray-beards of tho house, and causing the new comers to wonder as to the identity of the fine looking old man who wears a full dress suit in the daytime. A peculiar story Is behind the selection of building material for the great union depot to be constructed In Washington. Granite will be used, but It will be granite that has never been used for the construc tion of any other building erected upon earth. Years ago a stone man up In Vermont discovered a quarry of unusual promise at Bethel. The granite from thia quarry had peculiar beauties and qualities of its own, not found In any , other granite yet ex cavated or carved or laid. It was a sort of edition de luxe In the granite line, and he saw profits of an unusual order pouring in from the development of his find. He opened his quarry and' prepared to 'flu orders, wlieji his son waa killed In tho prop erty. Thereupon he Issued the flu that this valuable stone should never be used for any other purpose than tombstones or monuments. And it never has been. But the stone man who erected this pe culiar memorial to his deceased boy hns passed away. Heirs have not the same scruples about its use for common building construction; So a sample of the stone was forwarded to the men in charge of the construction of the great union depot, in the erection of which the government has become a partner, after a fashion. The samples of this one stone decided them. They would have no other. And the union depot will be constructed of It. A patriot to the manner born offers to Immortalize In bronze or marble the con gressman who makes the best speech In this or the next congress In favor of re ducing the salaries of all tho higher federai officials. The patriot's letter, extensively circulated In Washington, reads as follows: "The founders of the International Po litical Specialists' school, which is to be erected and supported In common with the World's Diathetic institute, to bo lo cated at the exact geographical center of the United States of America (In Kansas). will erect a monument on the site of the Institution to the member of cither branch of congress who makes the best speech during the Fifty-eighth and Fifty-ninth congresses in favor of a reduction of salaries. i "Every senator and representative who serves during the Fifty-eighth and Fifty ninth congresses, or either, will be invited to enter this oratorical and argumentative contest. There will be three Judges, one from China, one from Russia and one from the United States, who will decide as to the merits of the respective speeches and say whose memory will be monumentally com memorated, the speeches to lie examined as they appear In the Congressional Record." All men who draw pensions are not vet erans In a military sense. The proprietor of one of Waalflngton' leading restaurunts has provided for one of his ex-emp!oye in a manner most unique. The pension consists of three square meals a day and as many drink. The old man who draws this pension Is an ex-bartender of the es tablishment, and waa put on the retired list some time ago. As the pensioner was known to be fond of "the cup that cheers." the employer found It necessary to add one clause to the pension, viz.: "The drinks will be given at the appointed time, before breakfast, dinner and supper, provided there are no signs of having Indulged In Intoxicants elsewhere." It la a very familiar sight to see this old man comfortably seated at a neat-looking little table enju,lng his food as much as he did In the days when he was In active service. It-Is expected that during the coming season In Washington the German embassy will be a scene of much social Interest, as Baroness von Sternburg, wife of the am bassador. Is a most charming hostess. The embassy, under his direction, has been em bellished In admirable fashion, much of the decoration having been done under the Immediate supervision of Mns Violet Lang ham, sister of the baroness and 'an artist of ability. A younger sister. Miss Ivy Langham. will probably be a member of the ambassador's family during the winter. ' The zoological collections of the National museum have grown to Immense size, rival ing, in some case surpassing, those of any other museum. Of Insects there are In the government collection nearly 1,500.000 speci mens; of recent shell nearly 1.000,000 speci mens; besides at least (00,000 specimens of other aquatic Invertebrates, about Xri.ooo specimen of fishes, more than 40.000 birds' eggs; 130.000 specimens of birds; more than tO.OuO reptiles and batrachlans and more than 7K.0U0 specimen of sbamisaJ. L- 'j r A perfect beverage rich In nitrogenous elements. v c? PERSONAL KOTKS. Mr. Ltcht, the democratic candidate for mayor of Geneva, N. T., was elected by ono vote. Stephen D. Winner. 81 years old, reputed to be the oldest locomotive engineer In active service In the United States, ha Just died In Newark, N. J. Senator Stewart of Nevada Is the only man In the senate who has never been shaved. His beard began to grow when he was is and has been growing for sixty year. Senator Quay' recently expressed Idea about an Indian senator from one of the proposed new states recalls 'the fact that a strain of Indian blood flows through his own veins. It Is of Delaware origin and those of that tribe even now regard him as one of themselves. Jacob Rlls, the sociologist, was dining out one night when his hostess presented him to a charming young girl. "My dear," said the hostess, "I want you to know Mr. Rlls. He is a great sociologist and student of the signs of the times." "How lovely!" said the rosebud. "I, too, am a poster col lector." George W. Vandeibllt contemplates build ing another model village near his estate at Asheville. N. C. The village will be built about thirty miles from Asheville, and 11.000,000 at least will be expended on the project. Mr. Vanderbllt has already ex pended ahout 10,000.000 In western North Carolina. Andrew Carnegie, the largest Individual taxpayer in New Tork City, has Just sent his check for $U,366 to the receiver of taxes, being full payment for his assess ment on real estate and personal property amounting all fold to JIO.000,000. Of this amount $0,000,000 was on personal property and a like sum on real estate. The Confederate Home at Beauvotr, Miss., the late residence of Jefferson Davis, Is to be opened for tho reception of impover ished confederate soldiers on Tuesday, De cember 1. Forty Indigent veterans have al ready applied for admission. Captain James Stone of Greenville, Miss., has been appointed superintendent of the home. Governor Richard Tates of Illinois in his proclamation calls upon the state's "five million prosperous, progressive, pure and patriotic people" to observe Thursday. No- vember 18, as a day of thanksgiving am; Praise. "Let the manly men, the noble women, the precious children of all glor ious and beautiful Illinois," he says, "be not ashamed to recognise God. Let all the people fail not to give thanks and to pray for help -to walk, bravely and honestly and wisely, righteously the path through and across the twelve months to come." THIS GREATER REPIBLIC. ''Maintenance of Principles Which Monarch Fear the Most." Baltimore American. In his proclamation' to the people of the United States setting aside November 26 as Thanksgiving day. President Roosevelt used these words: "In no other place, and at no other time, has the experiment of government of the people, by the people, for the people, been tried on so vast a scale as here In our own country In the opening years of the twentieth century. Failure would not only be a dreadful thing for us. but a dreadful thing for all man kind, because it would mean loss, of hope for all who believe In the power and righteousness of liberty. Therefore, In thanking God for the mercies extended to us In the past we beseech Him that He may not withhold them In the future, and that our hearts may be rouaetr to war stead fastly for good and against all the forces of evil, public and private. W pray for strength and light, so that In the coming years we may, with cleanliness, fearless ness and wisdom, do our allotted work on the earth In such manner as to show that we are not altogether unworthy of the blessings we have received." In these thoughtful words has the presi dent pointed out to Americans -that, with the new responsibilities the government has assumed, with the new territory over which It has gained sovereignty, with the higher position it hss assumed among the greatest powers of the world, have come new duties, harder problems and work which must be done In such a way as to convince not only the admirer, hut the opponents of a republican form of govern ment, that when the people are sovereign the rights of all can be Considered and the foundation of the republic made all the Stronger by the maintenance of those very principles which monarch fear the most. There can be no question that this republic as It has gradually developed from Waltham Watches t Sail the ships. "Tht TerfecfeJ American Wtich," An illustrated book of interesting infornution About witches, wilt be sent free upon request. Americrn WAlthAtn Wttch Company, WAltfum, Mass. Home men's zhoes art made mostly iTBCATUR, bfing direct From Maker to Wearar. i ' . are warranted hy the maker through us to he solid leather, and" not.' u mu chlne sewed ialr in the store. 113 21 FinMAM $3.50 and $5 ; a little group of weak col onies Into the mighty union of today ha spread the Idea of popular sot-erelgnty In nearly every part of the world. There are very few nations now, claiming any con siderable degree of civilisation, In which tyranny on the throne will long be tol erated. There are not a few hi which the king or emperors have but little vole In the government, but little Influence In the affairs of state. Men chosen by the people are the real rulers. By these statesmen and not by occupants of thrones or wearer ' of crowns are the home and foreign policies of the natlona developed and promulgated. It la the Gladstones and Disraelis, the Sal laburys and Chamberlains, the fllsmarrks and Crlspls, masters of statecraft, who have been and are the real sovereigns, not the Edwards and Williams and Emmanuels, who'olalm to rule by divine right, but who are only tolerated and rupported by the people because of a long established sys tem of government which they are not yet ready to change. That there are defects In our system of government nont will deny. The people are far too tolerant of those who use the power they have attained for e)neh ends, far too prone to deal leniently with wrong doing In public places, to condone otTenses which In private business would receive condign punishment. Still the defects are far outnumbered by sterling virtues, by high principles, by an ever-present sense' of duty, by a determination that this re public shall not perish, but shall, by the blessing of God and guided by His hand, meet every responsibility without fear or trembling, confident of success, teaching the world the great lesson that the strong est government Is that In which the peopl are the only sovereigns. FLASHES OF FUN. Those Panama fellows seem to have some rather narrow preludlces." "I suppose they haven't room for any wider ones." Cleveland riain Dealer. Jaggles I see you have been rending the report of the government food experts. Waggles Yes. and nn near as 1 can Nk ure I v been living on germs all my life. Puck. Hi Tragerdy And can't he act at all? Lowe comerdy Well, upon occasion he can. For lr.stance. only today I saw him getting n-xt to rome free lunch and he Tw all - V. .1 lit. , ttnrved to death.-Phlladelphia Press Teacher Cnn .any boy te me what ''It Pirate? mdutd Captain Kldd to turn Smart Youth From .what dad s'nld t'other day I guess It was because they aidn t know anything about freeseout- and blind ' pool la jldd' time. Boston Transcript. "Do you think you are giving your cltv a good government r" asked the earnest man. ? "Well." ' answered Mr. De Graft after some deliberation; "it's as good uk monrv can buy."Waahlngton Bur. f Elijah was being fed by the ravens. v"p'. "Ice." he admitted, but il would rather be fed by the Jays." ... Fearing that he was not truly' a ' great man, he wept at his lack of financial tal ent. New lork Tribune.- The doctor was sanguine. 'We're going to pull you through,'' quoih "By the leg1?" querulously demanded the patient, a aordld man, whose aout, even In that extreme moment, brooded on the mat ter of expense. Puck. "This." said the host, as the" hutk-r Ui'i peared with two pony glasses of the nm'wr liquor, 'Is some especially tine ibrMiutj- want to see how you like It," "Ahl" exclaimed the guest from Tol as he tossed It off, "that's good llquahiti Lw,'i1ni.mUld having a drink of that " Philadelphia Pre. THE POINT OF VIEW. An Indian woman at her basket sat Braiding the fiber In this way and that. Old Bruin a skin upon the big pine tree ..fV".11? "efurlr " t soon would he aIaS?0 ,ian:1" to wl'ig, and flail. bale! make ready for tho A heap as soft as velvet, and as white, Her dusky -nhlldren hovered Just In s1Kht Her lordly spouse lay prone before the door. Smoking h s peaceful pipe, proudly he wore The beaded moccasins the woman's hand Had patiently bedecked. Weaving lIib strands .. " The Indian woman sang. 'How blest .am I The winters wood alrradv Is laid by Mv lord 1m kind, he eats the food I bring Of beads I hive a store, plenty of p'rlu"' Feathers and paint, and needles largo i small. Whatever earth contains I have It nil I ask for nothing better. Care ttvaunf I've everything I want!" Oh, Indian woman, child of wood and plain Pleased with a string of beads, a pot of stain. My soul could pity thee. Tat som would "Oh. b?essed Indian woman! Would that I Knew only this, then never would I sifrh The wood and stream, tho sunsut's gor geous dyes. , Swoet ignorance, 'twere follow to be win.-!" ISABEL ItlCUEV, of wind, other of leather, Tho ?ft and $3.50 I