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TIIE OMAHA DAILY I.EE: TUESDAY. DECEMBER 8. 1003.
S ration owes It very being, the veterans ferlng them Into service, and will pay dir of th civil war. Bpelsl attcr.tlnn la aked consideration to that argument." to the excellent work of the rnlon bureau I heartily congratulate the congress upon In expediting and disposing of pennlnn the steady progresi In bulli'.lng up the claims. During th n-nl yrsr ending Atneilren navy. We cannot afford a let-np July 1. Iflr, the bureau settled ?I.nKl claims, in this great work. To atand atlll mean to n average of S25 claims for each working i go back. There ahould be no cessation In day of tho ycnr. The number of settle- menta alnce July 1. 1903, haa been In -x-c'a of Inat year'e average, approaching 1.000 claltna for each working day, and it la believed that the work of the bureiu will be current at the close of the present flacai ' yea r. Eateaslon of Civil Service Rales. During the year ended June 30 laat 2E.B0S peraona were appointed through competl tlva examinations under the civil aervlce rul-ss. Thla wu 12.ii72 more than during the preceding year, and 40 per cent of those who passed the examination. Thla ab normal growth was largely occasioned by the extension of classification to the rural free delivery aervlpe and the appointment laat year of over 9,000 rural carriers. A revision of the civil service rules took ef fect on April It laat, which baa greatly Improved thetr operation. The completion of the reform of the civil aervlce la recog- niajd by good citizens everywhere aa a matter ef the highest public Importance, and the success of the merit system largely dependa upon the effectiveness of the rules and tbs machinery provided for their en forcement. A t very gratifying spirit of friendly co-operation exlsta In all the de partments of the government In the en forcement and Uniform observance of both the letter and spirit of the civil aervlce act. Executive orders of July 8, 1902; March W, ISO, and July I. IWij, require that ap pointments of all unclassified l.-iborena, both In the departments at Washington and In the field service, shall be made with the assistance of the T'nlted States Civil Serv ice commission, under a system of regis tration to teat the relative fitness of ap plicants for appointment or employment. Thla system la competlve, and Is open to all citizena of the I'nltsd States qualified in reapect to age, physical ability, moral character. Industry, and adaptability for manual labor; except that In case of vet erans of the civil war the element of age Is omitted., This system of appointment in distinct from the classified service and does not classify positions of mere laborer under the clvll-servlce act And rules. Regulations In aid thereof have been put In operation In aeveral of the departments and are being gradually extended In' other parts of the service. The results have been very satis factory, aa extravagance has been checked by decreasing the number of unnecessary position and by Increasing ths efficiency of the employes remaining. Dlstrfat of CeJambla Charities. Tbs congress, as the result of a thorough Investigation of the charities and reforma tory Institutions in ths Ijlstrlct of Colum- la, by a joint select committee of the two houses which made Its report In March, ISM, created In the act approved June 6, 1900, a board of charities for the District of Columbia, to consist of tlva residents of ths District, appointed by the prrsldent of the United States, by and wit a the Hd vlce and consent of the senate, each for a lerra oi inree years, to serve wunoui com pensatlon. President McKlnley a ppolnted five men who had been active nml promi nent In the public tharltles of 'Washington, all of whom upon taking oT.ce July 1, 1900, resigned from the different charities with which they had been connected. The mem bers of the board hnve t een reappointed In successive years. The board cava Its first year to a careful and impartial study of ths special problems before It, and bas continued that itudy every year In the light of ths best practice In publlo charities elsewhere. Its recommendations In Its an nual reports to the congress through ths commissioners of ths District cf Columbia "for the economical and efficient adminis tration of ths charities snd reformatories of tho District of Columbia," ss required by the act creating It, have been based upon ths principles commenod by the joint se lect committee of the congress in Its re port of March, 189S, and approved by the best administrators of publlo charities, and maka for the desired ystematlxatl)n and Improvement of the affairs under Its super vision. They are worthy of favorable con sideration by ths congress, ,, vTka Jtravv . i ' ' The effect of the laws providing a genet al tail for the army and for the more effect Ive use of ths national guard, haa teen ex cellent. Great Improvement has been made In ths efficiency of our army In recent years. Such schools ns those ereciet. at Fort Leavenworth and Fort lUley snd ths Institution of fall maneuver work aceom- pllsh satisfactory reaulta Ths good effect of these maneuvers upon the national guard la marked, and ample appi oprlatlon uhould bs mads to enable ths gnanlMtnen of the several states to share In the b-meflt. 7 he government should as soon as possible e cure suitable permanent cainp sites for military maneuvers In ths various sections of the country, Ths service thereby ten dered not only to the regular army, but to the national guard of ths several states, will b so great as to repay many limes over the relatively email expense. We ahould not rest satisfied with what haa been dona, however. The only people who ars contented with a system of promotion by mere seniority ars thoss who are con tented with the trlumrh of medljcrlty over exoallenoe. On the other hand u system which encouraged ths exerouo of social or political favoritism In pturoctl n would bs even worse. But It would surely be easy to devise a method of promotion from (Tads to grade In wh'c.A ths .opinion of ths higher officers of the servlse upon ths candidates should be danslve- pon ths standing and promotion of ths latter. Just suoh a system now obtains at West Point. The Quality of each year's work deter mines ths standing of that year's claaa, the man being dropped or graduated Into the next class In ths relative position which his military superiors decide to be war ranted by his merit. In other wrrda, ability, energy, fidelity, and all other simi lar qualities determine ths rank cf a man year after year In West Point, and his standing In the army when he graduates from West Point; but from that tlms on, afl effort to find which man ta beat or worst, and reward or punish him accord ingly, la abandoned; no brilliancy, no amount of hard work, no eagrnse In ths performance of duty, rsn advance Mm, and no slackness or indifference that falls short of a court-martial offense ran retard him. Until this system 1 -hanged ws can not hops that our officers wtll bs of as high grade as ws havs a light to expect, oon - slderlng the material upon which ws draw. Moreover, when a man rsnders such serv-. Ice as Captain Pershing rendered laat spring In ths Moro campaign, it ought to be possible, to reward him wlth.-Mit at once jumping him to ths "grade of brigadier general. Ts Ravy. Shortly after ths enunciation of that fa moua principle of American foreign policy now known aa the "Monroe' doctrine." Prealdent Monroe, In a special meaaage to conjreaa on January SO, 1824, spoke as fol lows: "hs navy is the arm from which our government will always dorlve most sld In support of our rights. Every power engaged In war will know the strength of our naval power, the number f our ships of each class, their condition and the promptitude with which ws may adding to the effective units of the fighting rtrenath of the fleet. Meanwhile the Navy department and the officers of the navy are doing well their part by providing con stant service at sea under conditions akin to those of actual warfare. Our officers and enlisted men are learning to handle the battle ships, crut'era and torpedo boats with high efficiency in fleet and squadron formations, and the standard of marfcman ahlp Is being steadily raised. The best work ashors la lndl.pns?ble, but the high est duty of n naval officer 1 to exercise command at sea. The establishment of a naval bane In the Philippine ought not to be longer post poned. Such a base la desirable In time of peace; In time of war It would bo Indis pensable, and Its lick would be ruinous. Without It our fleet wouM be helpless. Our naval experts are agreed that Bul l? bay Is the proper place for the purposo. The national Interests require that th work of fortification and development of a naval station at Sublg bay be begun nt an early date, for under the best conditions j It la a twork which will consume much time. It Is eminently desirable, however, that there should be provided n naval general staff on lines similar to those of the gen eral staff lately created for tho army. Within the Navy department Itself the needs of the servlc have brought about a system under which the duties of a gen eral staff are partially performed; for th bureau of navigation has under Its direc tion the war callage, the office of naval Intelligence and the board of Inspection, and has been In close touch with the gen eral board of the navy. But though under the excellent officers at their head these boards and bureaus do good work, they have not the authority of a general staff, and have not sufficient scope to Insure n proper reaClne for emergencies. We need the establishment by law of a body of trained officers, who shall exercise a sys tematic control of the military affairs of the navy, snd be authorized advisers of the secretary concerning It. 1st km la a Canal. By ths act of June ffl, 1902, the congress authorized the president to enter Into treaty with Colombia for the building of the canal across the Isthmus of Panama, It being provided that In the event or fail ure to secure such treaty after the lapse of a reasonable time, recourse ahould be had to building a canal through Nicara gua. It has not been necessary to con sider this alternative, as I am enabled to lay before the aenate a treaty providing for the building of the "anal across the Isth mus of 1'anama. This was the route which commended Itself to the deliberate judg ment of the congress, snd we can now ac quire by treaty the right to construct the canal over this route. The question now, therefore. ' te not by which route the Isth mian canal shall be built, for that ques tion has been definitely and Irrevocably decided. The question Is simply whether or not we shall have an Isthmian canal. When the congress directed that we should take ths rauama routs under treaty with Colombia, the essence of the condition, of course, referred not to the government which controlled that route, but to the route Itself; to the territory across which the route lay, not to the name which for the moment the territory bore on the map. The purpose of the law was to authorise the president to make a treaty with the power In actual control of the Isthmus of Panama. This purpose has been fulfilled. Some Isthmian History. In the yesr 1818 this government entered Into a treaty' with New Granada, ths prede cessor upon me isthmus of ths Republic of Colombia and of thb preaent Republlo of Panama, by which treaty It was pro? vkied that the government and clttxena of the United States should alwsys havs free and open right-of-way or transit across the Isthmus of Panama by any modes of communication that might be constructed, while in return our government guaran teed the perfect neutrality of the above mentioned isthmus, with ths view that the free transit from the Ons to ths other sea might not . be Interrupted or embarrassed The treaty vested In tho United States a substantial property right carved out of the rights, of sovereignty and property whloh New Granada then had and dos- sessed over the said territory. The name of New Granada has passed away, and Its territory has been divided. Its successor. ths government of Colombia, has ceased to own sny property In the Isthmus. A new republic, that of Panama, which was at one tlms a sovereign state, and at another time a mere department of the successive confederations known ss New Granada and Colombia, has now succeeded to the rights which first one and then the other for merly exercised over the Isthmus. But ss long aa ths Isthmus endures, the mere geo graphical fact of Its existence, and the peculiar Interest therein which Is required Dy our position, perpetuate the solemn con tract which binds ths holders of ths ter ritory to respect our right to freedom cf transit across It, and binds us In return to safeguard for the Isthmus and ths world ths exercise of that Inestimable m-ivilere. The true Interpretation of the obligations upon which the United States entered In this treaty of 1S4 has been given repeat, edly In ths utterances of presidents and secretaries or state. Posit Is a of the Government. Secretary Caaa In 185S officially stated the position of this government as follows "Ths progress of svents has rendered ths Int-iroceanlo route across the narrow por tion of Central America vastly Important to ths commercial world, and especially to tbe United States, whose possessions ex tend along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. and demand the speediest and eaalest modes of communication. While the rights of sovereignty of the states occupying this region should always bs respected, ws shall expec( thait these rights bs exorcised In a spirit befitting the occasion and the wants and circumstances that have arisen. Sov ereignty has Us duties as well ss Its rights, and nons of these local governments, evert If administered with more regard to the just demands of other nations than they havs been, would be permitted. In a spirit of eastern Isolation, to close the gates of Intercourse on the great hlghwaya of ths world, and justify the act by the pretension that these avenuea of trade and travel belong to them and that they choose to ahut them, or, what Is almost equivalent, to encumber them with such unjust rela tions aa would prevent their general use." Seven years later. In 1&U6. Mr. Seward In different communications took the follow ing position: "Ths United Statea have taken and will take no Interest In any question of Internal revolution In the State of Panama, or any stats of ths United States of Colombia, but will maintain a perfect neutrality In con nection with such domestic altercations. The United States will, nevertheless, hold hold themselves ready to protect the tran sit trade across ths Isthmus sgalnst in vasion of either domestic or foreign dis turbers of tbs peaoe of the State of Pun ama. Neither the text nor the spirit of the stipulation In that article by which ths United States engages to pre serve the neutrality of the Iathmus of Panama, Imposes an obligation on this gov ernment to comply with ths requisition (of the president of the United States of Co lombia for ft force to protect the Isthmus of Panama from a body of Insurgents of that country). The purpose of the stipu lation was to guarantee the Isthmus against eel sure or Invasion ! a foreign power only." Attorney General Speed, under date of November 7, 18K5. advised Secretary Sew ard as follows: "From this treaty It cannot be supposed that New Granada Invited the Unltel States to biome a pm ty to the Internecine troubles of that government, nor did the United Statea become bound to take sides In the rtomertlc broil of New Granada. The United States did guarantee New Granada In the sovereignty and property over the territory. This was as against other and foreign governments." Pl.'.n of Centuries. For four hundred yesr, ever since shortly sfter the discovery of this hemisphere, the canal across the Isthmus has te-n planned. For two score years It haa len worked at. When mado It Is to Inst for the ages, it In to alter the geography of a continent and. the trade routes of the world. We have shown by every treaty we have negotiated or attempted to negotiate with the peoples In control of the Isthmus and with foreign nations In reference thereto our consistent good faith In observing our obligations; on the one hand to the peo ples of the Isthmus, and on the other hand to the civilised world whose commercial rights we are safeguarding and guaran teeing by our action. We have done our duty to others In letter and In spirit, and we have shown the utmost forbearance In exacting our own rights. Repudiation of Treaty by Colombia. Last spring, under the act above re ferred to, a treaty concluded between the representatives of the Republic of Colom bia and of our -government was ratified by the senate. This treaty was entered Into at the urgent solicitation of the people of Colombia and after a body of experts ap pointed by our government especially to go Into the matter of the routes across ths Isthmus had pronounced unanimously in favor of the Panama route. In drawing up this, treaty every concession was made to the peopli- and to the government of Co lombia. We were more than just In deal ing with them. Our generosity was such as to make It a serious question whether we had not gone too far in their Inter est at the expense of our own; for In our scrupulous desire to pay all possible heed. not 'merely to the real but even to the fancied rights of our weaker neighbor, who already owed so much to our protection and forbearance, we yielded In all possible ways to tier desires In drawing up the treaty. Nevertheless the government of Colombia not merely repudiated the treaty, but repudiated It In such manner as to make It evident by the time the Colombian congress adjourned that not the acantlest hope remained of ever getting a satisfac tory treaty from them. The government of Colombia made the treaty, and yet when the Colombian congress waa called to rat ify It the vote against ratification was unanimous. It does not appear that ths government made sny real effort to secure ratification. (BDd Ererjr woman cotcu a shapely, pretty figure, and many of them deplore ths lost ot heir girlish forms iter marriage. The bearing of children U often destructive to the mother's shapeliness. - All of this can be avoided, however, by the use of Mother's Friend before baby comes, as this great liniment always prepares the body for the strain upon it, and preserves the symmetry of her form. Mother's Friend overcomes all the danger of child-birth, and carries the expectant mother safely through' this critical period without pain. It is woman's greatest blessing. Thousands gratefully tell of the benefit and. relief derived from the Ose of this wonderful book, telling all about this liniment, will be sent free. Hi Br3sf.6li) Re.tUtsr Ca AK..11, Ca. Rcrolntloa la Panama. Immediately after the adjournment cf the congress a revolution Lroke out in Panama. The people of Panama had long been discontented with the Republlo of Colombia, and they had been kept quiet only by the prospect of the conclusion of the treaty, which was to thsm a matter of vital concern. When It became Wldent that the treaty was hopelessly loat, the people of Panama rose literally as one man. Not a shot was fired by a single man on tne isthmus In ths Interest of the Co. lomblan government. Not a Ufa was lost In ths accomplishment of the revolution. Ths Colombian troops stationed on the Isthmus, who had long been unpaid, mads common cause with ths people of Panama, and with astonishing unanimity ths new republlo was started. .. The duty of the United St ilea In tho premises was' clear. In strict accordance with the principles laid down-by Secretaries Cass and Seward In ths cfllclal documents abovs quoted, the United States gavs notice that It would permit- ths landing of no expeditionary force, . ths arrival of .which-would mean chaos and destruction along the line ot ths railroad and of the proposed canal. and an Interruption of transit as an in evitable consequence. Ths defacto govern ment of Panama was recognised in the following telegram to Mr. Bhrman: "The people of Panama have, by appar antly unanimous movement, dissolved their political connection with the Republlo of Colombia and resumed their independence. When you are satisfied that a de facto government, republican In form and with out substantial opposition from Its own people, has been established In the state of Panama, you will enter Into relations with it as the responsible government of the territory snd look to It for all dus action to protect the persons and property of citizens of the United States and to keep open the Isthmian transit. In accord ance, with the obligations or existing trea ties governing the relations of ths United Statea to that territory." The government of Colombia was notified of our action by ths following telegram to Mr. Beaupre: "Tho people of Panama having, by an apparently unanimous movement, dis solved their political connection with the Republic of Colombia and resumed their Independence, and having adopted a gov. ernment or tnelr own. republican in form, with which the government of the United Estates of America haa entered Into rela tions, the president of the United States, In sccordance with the ties of friendship which hsvs so long and so hanrrtlv existed between ths respective nations, most earn estly commends to the governments of Colombia and of Panama the peaceful and equiiBDie settlement or all questions nt Issue between them. He holds that he is nouna not merely by treaty obligations, but by the Interests of civilisation, to see that the peaceful trafflo of the world across the Isthmus of Panama shall not longer be disturbed by a co-.stant succession of unnecesrary and wasteful civil wsrs." Disturbances en Isthmus Mines 1840. When these events happened. Cfty-revon years had elapsed sines ths United f'tates Haa entered Into Its treaty with New Gra nada. During that time tha governments of new uranaaa and of Its successor, Colom. bla, havs beeen In a constant state of flux. Jhs following Is a partial list of tha die. turbances on ths Isthmus of Panama dur. Ing the period In question aa renorted to us by our consuls. It Is not possible to give a complete list, snd soms of the reports that apeak of "revolutions" must mean un successful revolutions. ..V V.V '"'-Outbreak; two Americans kiiipu. vnr vessel aemanded to quell out break. October, 1SC0 -Revolutionary plot to bring about independence nt the lsthmna July K. 1S61 Revolution In four southern J I tj V ( . November 14. 1851. Outbreak at Chagrea Man-of-war reuueeted for ( h June 17. 1S53. Insurrection at Bogota, snd conaequent disturbance on Iathmus War vessel demsnded. May 'a. ISM Political disturbances. War vessel requcsiea. June 28, 1K54 AttemDted revolution October U, 1854. Independence of Isthmus ueiuauuru oy provincial legislature. April, ISiS. Riot, and maasacrs of Amr- May 4. 185fl Riot. May 18, Ubd. Hlot. June 3. 1 KM. Riot. October X lNoti. Conflict between two na tive parties. United Statea forrea lanrfxl December 18. 168. Attempted secession of iiimrni. April. 1K9.-Rleta September. IWjO Outbreak. Octobt-r 4. ISM. Landing of United States forces In consequence. May IS. 10a. Intervention of ths United States fifrces required by Intendente. October f. UaX Insurrection and civil .war. April 4. 1W Measures to prevsnt rebels niwini uinmui. June IS. uttii Mosquera's troops refused admittance lo P-vnama. March. lStxi. devolution, and United cuiies iroo landed. August. !&. Riots; unsuccessful attempt iu mvauv ranama. Starch. 1-xit Unsuccessful revolution. April, 1W7 Attempt to overthrow govern roeuc. August. 1367 AtlemDt at revolution. July 6, lt68 Revolution; provisional gov ernment Inaugurated. August 'i, 1M8 Revolution; provisional government overthrown. April, 1871 Revolution; followed appar any Dy counter revolution. April, 1873 Revolution and civil wa which lasted to October. 1B7&. An-rv-v ItCS ClvU wajr whloh lasted an til July. lKTH-Rebelllon. December, 17 Revolt. April, 17 Revolution. June. 187 Revolution. March, lS3-R!ot. Mav, 18S.1 Riot. June. UW Revolutionary attempt. December 1 Revolutionary attempt. Junuarv, 1W5 Revolutionary disturbances. March," IS Revolution. April, 1RS7 Disturbance on Panama rail road. November, 18S7 Disturbance on 11ns of canal. January, 1?-R1nt. January. 1R1& Revolution which lasted until April. Marr-h. 1H Tn'-endlsry attempt. October, 1W Revolution. February, 1900, to Julv. IMP Revolution. January. 1 1 Revolution. Julv, 1ni Revolutionary disturbances. September, lnl City of Colon taken by rebels. March. 1902 Revolutionary disturbances. July, 19D2 Revolution. Only a Partial Mat. The above Is only ft partial list of the revolutions, rebellions. Insurrections, riots nd other outbreaks that have occurred urine the period In question; yet they umber fifty-three for the fifty-seven years. It will be noted that one of them .lasted for nearly three years before it was quelled; anotner lor nearly a year, in nioii, the experience of over naif a century nas hown Colombia to he utterly incapaDte or keeping ordr on the Isthmus. Only the ctlve Interference or tne united amies has enabled her to preserve so much as a semblance jat sovereignty. Had It not been for the exercise by, the United States of the rollce oower In her Interest, her con nection with the Isthmus would have been sundered long ago. In IK, In 1S80. In 1878. In lR8i. In 1901 and again In 1908 sailors and marines from United States warships were fnroed to land In order to patrol the istn- mus, to protect life and property and to see hat tho transit across rne lPtnmus was Vent ..nren. In 1W1. In 18RZ. in 1!Q& ana in lfloo th Colombian government asked that he United States government would lann troops to protect Its Interests and maintain order on the Iathmus. Colombia's latest Offer. Perhsns the most extraordinary request Is that which has rusi oeen receivea ana nrhlrh runs BS follows: 'Knowing that revolution haa sireany commenced In Panama (an eminent Colom bian) ssys that If the government or tne t'nlted States will land troops to preserve Colombian sovereignty, and the transit. If requested by Colombian charge d'af faires, th Is government win declare martial law; and, by virtue of vested constitutional authority when nubile order Is disturbed. will approve by decree the ratification of the canal treaty as signed: or, ir tne gov ernment of the United States prefers, will call extra session of the congress with new and friendly members next May to annrove the treaty. (An eminent Colom blan) has tho perfect confidence of vice president, he siys. and If ir became neces sary will go to ths Isthmus or send repre sentative there to sdlust matters along above lines to the satisfaction of the people there." This dispatch Is noteworthy from two standpoints. Its offer of Immediately guaranteeing the treaty to ua Is In sharp contrast with the positive and contemptu otis refusal of the congress which has Just closed Its sessions to ronslder favorably such a treaty: it shows that the government which made the treaty really had absolute control over the slttmtlon, but did not choose to exercise this control. The dls patch further calls on ua to restore order and secure Colombian supremacy In the Isthmus from which the Colombian govern ment has Just by Its action decided to bar us by preventing the construction of the canal. Importance to t'nlted Statea. Ths control. In the Interest of the com meres and traffic of the whole civilized world, of ths means of undisturbed transit across the Isthmus of Panama has become of transcendent Importance to the United States. Ws have repeatedly exercised this control by Intervening In the course of domestlo dissension, and by protecting the territory from foreign invasion. In 1851 Mr. Everett assured the Peruvian mJnlstea-that wo should not hesitate to maintain the neutrality of the isthmus In the case of war between Peru and 'Colombia. In 1864 Colombia, which has always been vigilant to avail Itself of Its privileges conferred by tha treaty, expressed ns expectation that In the event of war between Paru and Spain tho United' Stares' would carry Into effect the guaranty of neutrality. There have been few administrations of the State department In which thla treaty has not, either by ths one side or the other, been used as a basis of more or less Important demands. It waa said by Mr. Fish In 1S71 that ths Department of State had reason to believe that an attack upon Colombian sovereignty on tho isthmus had, on several occasions,- been averted by warning from this government. In 1888, when Colombia was under ths menace of hostilities from Italy In ths Cerruti case, Mr. Bayard op pressed tho serious concern that tho United States could not but feel that a European power should resort to force sgalnst a sla ter republlo of this hemisphere, as to ths sovereign snd uninterrupted use of a part of whose territory ws ars guarantors under ths solemn faith of a treaty. Establishes by Facts. The above recital of facts establishes be yond question: First, that tho United States has for over half a century patiently and In good faith carried out Ita obliga tions tinder the treaty of 1S46; second, that when for the first time It became possible for Colombia ' to do anything In requital of the services thus repeatedly rendered to it for fifty-seven years by ths United States, the Colombian government peremp torily and offensively refused thus to do Its part, even though to do so would have been to Ita advantage and Immeasurably to the advantage of the State of Panama, at that tlms under Its Jurisdiction; third, that throughout this period revolutions, riots and factional disturbances of every kind have occurred one after the other In almost uninterrupted succession, soms of them lasting for months and even for years, while the central government was unable to put them down or to make peace with ths rebels; fourth, that these disturb ances, Instead of ahowlng any sign of abating, have tended to grow mors numer ous and more serious In the immediate past; fifth, that the control of Colombia over the Iathmus of Panama could not be maintained without the armed Intervention and assistance of the United States. In other words, the governmert of Colombia, though wholly unnble to maintain order on ths isthmus, haa nevertheless declined to ratify a treaty the conclusion ot which opened ths only chance to secure Its own stability and to guarantee permanent peace on, and the conatructloij ot a canal across, ths Isthmus. Only Trao Conrso. Under such circumstances ths govern ment of the United States would havs been gutlty of folly and weakness, amounting In their sum to a crime agalnat the nation, bad It acted otherwise than It did when ths revolution of November 8 lsst took place In Panama. This great enterprise of building ths lnteroceanlo canal cannot bs held up to gratify the whims, or out of respect to the governmental Impotence, or to the even mors sinister snd evil political peculiarities of people who, though they dwell afar off, yet against the wish of ths actual dwellers on the isthmus assert an unreal supremacy over the .territory. The possession or a territory fraught with such peculiar capacltlea aa the Isthmus In ques tion carries with It obligations to man kind. The course of events has shown thst this canal cannot bs built by private enterprise, or by sny other nation than our own: therefore It must bo built by ths United States. Every effort has been made by ths gov ernment of the United States to persuade Colombia to follow a course which was essentially not only to our Interests and to tho interests of ths world, but to ths interests of Colombia Itself. These efforts havs failed; and Colombia, by her per sistence In repulsing ths advances that havs been insds, has forced us, for ths saks of our own honor, and of ths Interest nd well-being, not merely of our own people, but of ths peopls of ths Isthmus of Panama and ths peopls of tho civilised countries of tbs world, to take decisive stsps to bring to an end a condition of affairs which had become intolerable. The new Republic of Panama Immediately of fered to negotiate a treaty with ua This treaty I herewith submit. By it our In t (treats are better safeguarded than In ths treaty with Colombia, which was ratified by ths sanato at its last session. It ta tetter la lis term thaa ths treatise cX- Test for Yourself the Wonderful Curative Properties of Swamp-Root To Prove What Swamp-Root, the World-Famous Kidney, Liver nttd Bladder Remedy, Will do for YOU, Every Reader of The Daily Bee May Have a Sample Bottle FREE. ' I I .:.': ' : ' . i,rr . -f T;;.- . . . . Ill ill - "V.'.-T s.'ff'ia W A ' ..rv'a ' J I! - " f : t .111 Vni WILLIAM MOORE, II L CMirr -J 4 :.. "";-:V - vlOH III. M W. HE ATROLMa AT N. mmmm tW JV. H.FREDENBURG.MJC " JAj7 L 1QUN O B M A IM. Jw Gentlemen: Home two years ago I was so run down that I lacked strength, had no appetite and could not sleep nights. Sometimes it seemed as though my back would break in two after stooping. I had to get up many times during the night to urinate and go often through the day. After having thie best physicians prescribe for me without relief, I decided from my symptom3 that the medicine I needed was Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Iioot,' the great kidney, liver and bladder remedy. After trying a sample bottle with good results, I purchased six bottles of the regular size and after taking them was entirely cured. Swamp-Root is a wonderful remedy when a man is not feeling well, after exposure or Iors of sleep and irregular meals. It is also a great medicine to tone up a man's system. Other members of the Police force are using ,and recommending Swamp-Root. They, like myself, cannot say too much in praise of this great remedy. The Officers (whose signatures accompany this letter), as well as myself, thank you for the good you have accomplished in the compounding of Swamp-Root. v We remain; yours very truly, . To Dr. Kilmer & Co., BlnKlinmton, X. T. SXsC- J'o-tn Chief of Police. Officers of the niivKhamton, X. Y., I'ollce Dopartrnent, . Patrolman. If j-on are sick or "feci badly," bepln taklrtft the famous ; tlurlnst the nlfiht. (Unhealthy kidneys cause rheumaOsm. new discovery, Dr. Kilmer's Rwnmp-Root. because as r oon j Gravel, catarrh of the bladder. . pn in or dull ache in tho as your kidneys are gottin totter, they will help nil thcl. J"'"" J'Mi1 ' i-ther or etuis to health. A trial will convince anyone. Weak and unhealthy kidneys are responsible for more sickness and suffering than any other disease, therefore, when . through neglect or ether causes, kidney trouble lt permitted to continue fatal results are sure to follow. Kid ney trouble Irritates the nerves, makes you dizzy, restless, sleepless and Irritable. Makes you pass water often through the day and obliges you to get up many times ache, causes Ir.dljrcstlon. rtomaeh and liver trouble; you got a hallow, yellow romplerion. makes you reei as wougn yon bad heart trouble: you may fcavo plenty of ambition, but no strength; gt weak and weste away. Swaiup-Koot !s pleasant to take and Is used In the lead ing (hospitals, recommended by vhyslcians in their private practice and is taken by doctors themselves, because they recognise in It tiie greatest and most successful remedy that has ever been dircovered. EDITORIAL NOTICE Kwamp-Koot. the great kidney, liver iintl Madder remudy, la so smarkably i,cctssful that R special arrangement has been made by which nil of our readers who have not already tried it may have a Bamplo bottle sent absolutely free by mall. - Also a bdok tellinjr nil about kidney and bladder troubles and containing many of the thousands upon thousands of testimonial letters received from men und women cured by Kwamp-Koot. In writing be sure and mention that you read thla generous offer In Tho Omaha Dally Bee vhen ecrdlng your address to Dr. Kilmer Co., Blng'iw niton, N. Y. " - If you are already convinced that Swainji-Itoot Is what you need, you can purchase the regular flfty-cent and one dollar size bottles at the drug stores everywhere. Don't make any mistake, but remember the name, Kwamp-Koot Dti Kilmer's Hwamp-Root, and .'the address, Blughnmtou, X. Y., on every bottle. t ill m Pm mMM)) tcli Lf& Pti 1 w $mm) wm tr ft Am f wm ft fered to us by the Republics of Nlcarausra and Costa Rlra. At laat the right to bogln thla great undertaking; la mod available. Panama has done her part. All that re mains la for the American consress to do Ita part and forthwith this republic will enter upon the execution of a project colossal in Ita site and of well-nlirh Incal culable possibilities for the good of this country and the nations of mankind. Treaty with Paasma, By the provisions of the trety the United States guarantees and will maintain the Independence of the Republic of Pan ama. There la (ranted to the United States In perpetuity the use, occupation and con trol of a atrip ten miles wide and extend ing three nautical iniiea Into the sea at either terminal, with all lands lying; out side of the sone necessary for the con struction of the canal or for Ita auxiliary works, and with the ialands In the Bay of Panama. The citiea of Panama, and Colon are not embraced In the canal tone, but the United Etates aasumca their sanitation and. In case of need, the maintenance of order therein; the (United Statea enjoya within the (ranted limits all the rights. power and authority which It would possess were It the sovereign of the territory to the exclusion of the exercise of sovereign lights by the republic. All railway and canal property rights belonging to Panama and needed for the canal paaa to the United States, including any property of the re spective companies In the cities of Panama and Colon: the worka, property, and per aonnel of the canal and railways are ex empted from taxation as well In the cities of Panama and Colon aa In the canal sone and Its dependencies. Free immigration of the personnel and importation of sup plies for the.construction and operation of the canal ore granted. Provision Is made for the use of military force and tha building of fortilratlons by the United Statea for the protection of the transit. In other details, particularly as to the acquisition of the Interests of the New Panama Canal company and the Panama raJlway by the United States and the condemnation of private property for the uses of the caual. the stipulations of the Hay-Herran treaty are closely followed, while the compensation' to be given for Jthet euitrged grants remains the same. "Tear nr. i out' 'I am good lor 10 cents" ii i sm i saiiai a sisal iMiirTi-sWsTTrirrn The CHRISTMAS METROPOLITAN 10 Fa?es of Text 33 In Color 100 Dlustratlons 13 Short Stories Mil wrwi-STins. rucr : laiuucs us ; IS CtatsH "I Can't Go VT9 such a terrible headache," Deed nevch be said again. Dr. Miles' Antl l'nin nils quickly care and positively prevent headache and all bodily pain. No opiates, non-laxative, never sold In bulk. Guaranteed. All druggists. 13 doaea ti cenus Vl MILKS MEU1CAU CO., IC'.kUart, lad. being ten millions of dollars, payable on exchange of ratifications; and, beginning nine years from that date, an annual pay ment of flSO.OOO during the life of the con vention. THEODORE ROOSEVELT. White House, I.'ecember I, Uut, mm? The Only Doubl Track Railway between the Missouri River and Chicago. 6 DAILY TRAINS OMAHA TO CHICAGO 8.25 PU THE OVERLAND LIMITED Maenltiaent ll eotlr 4r,n 'hlcso. Ooprt But ud dlns-oa lMiuir-rt. Ubrmrr, buM, barber, bub, wlctihona la.s ' aim. EleotrU Ubld ihibiwUi'Ul. 8.00 AM THE ATLANTIC EXPRESS rnllmu toerial slMplbg M aa4 soscaes. lriniag ears MM Iron Uliatoo. 5.50 PU THE EASTERN EXPRESS Pallma rwi room sad UmriU stoDlnf far, froanolluiaschsic w. bugat Ubrmrf i aaaeaiag eara, lnulntf ear. 3 OTHER DAILY TRAINS 31 ft ... illmaadraaias-roomtaaflBsaan.boffa ftU AM muklus aad llbrr un sua tra raoltar HUln In, ob.tr oar. leCklaase. Dlataeaara, II Ifi in ThMroah aarrloe Omaha to CAIaaaa. I Ml AM Porta Wealara ataadard daf oaaeaae I W U nm (raa chair oar. Irala ears. 4 It nil e",r J ctiemM?; 'f!" 11 PU laaptasaarfroa A mas u Cbieaaa. Ua. . Uf aaraarriasbraaaUat. 2 DAILY TRAINS ST. PAUL-MPEAPOLIS 7 50 Ail 01 n 0 I it DM Pol liui (leaning r-n, tga librae Ut I U ul rUaia cuair 3 LAG El HILL 2.50 PU lilr-ss: rior. l!rrftlk, iBM 1' Laadarcod and La4T Tl reaias. Llanla.Waltaa,tirU lOlf, aawara, uaun, ,ute. Caaaar, Hat aanua. ' I nas ..(Ml and IadT Tbiuaab laal slaa akaia aajal rullmaa aiaavlas aar earrlaa. W fit lit To Framoat Uneols. Wakae, Marts", A.U3 AM Vubm Haa. TaraiaraTllaeawl aa tbe Eoaotmrt ladlaa lUaarvatlaa aeaatr. CITY TICKET OFFICE, 1401 and 1403 Farnam Stresi v