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THE OMAITA DAILY IlEE: WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 20. 1001.
Uto Omaiia Daily Dee. E. ROB K WATER, EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. TERMS OI' SUBSCRIPTION. Dully Bee (without Sunday ). One Year.. 14 0 Kally Bee and Sunday, One Year Illustrated lite. One Year 2 dundav Bee, One Year .0 Saturday Wee. One Year 1 W Twentieth Century Farmer. One Year.. l.W DELIVERED BY CARRIER. Dally pee (without Bunday), per copy.. 2c Dally Bee (without Bunday), per week.. .12c llly Bee (Including Bunday), per week.lin nunday Bee, per copy oc Kvenlng Bea (without Sunday), per week o KvenJiig Bee (Including Bunday), per week 10c Complaint of Irregularity In delivery rhould be addressed to City Circulation De partment. OFFICES. Omaha The Bee Building. South Omaha City Hall Building, Twenty-fifth and M street. Council Bluffs 10 Pearl Street Chicago 1640 T'nlty Hulldlnjr. New York-23a Park Row Building. Washington M Fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. Communication relating to new and edi torial matter should be addreaaed: Omaha Dee, Editorial Department. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or postal order payable to The Bee Publishing Company. Only l-rent stamps received In payment of mall account. Peraonal check, except on Omaha or eaatern exchange, ntt accepted. THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCTTITION. State of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.i 0orge B. Tinchuck, aeursUry of The Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn, says that the actual number of full and complete' eoples of The Dally, Morning. Evening and Sunday Be printed during the month of December. ISO, was as fol lowsi U.m...M.JI),tlO 17. ... 80.SM l.....,JOJOO M.......nO,WTO f............Mo.rro- i......i.oo 4. imhm ,3MMltt SO, ...m. .S7,020 l.......SO.JH)0 tl. ...... 4U3TO l...w..M,10 C. .SO.TTO Tmmm..m....somo tt 8o,ao t. .80,DPO M. ...... .SlBOO ....... k aisoo i .....o,ano m sioo :i. ............ .90,400 27 20,800 1- 80,400 tg DO,7BO 11.. .....ST.OIO t 80,60 H ...000 SO.... S8.O10 15 SO.TBO U....M 83,490 l 81,100 Total 4T,8M !-s unsold and returned copies.... 10,421 S'et total sales....... B88,B34 Net average sales so,22U OEOROE B. TZBCHUCK. Subscribed In my presence and worn to befora ma this 21st day of December. A. D. , . . M. B. HUNQATK. tflaal.) Notary Public. The Nebraska town not already sup plied with a Roosevelt club la certainly behind the times. The weather bureau's latest cold ware prediction must hare been coun termanded enroute. Those water works appraisers evi dently believe In hanging onto a rood Job as long as possible. Chairman Jones' call for the demo cratic national convention has the merit of brevity aa compared with Chairman Hanna's. 'The ice man and the weather man have yet to get together on. the ques tion of Omaha's ice supply for the com ing season. ' With Joseph Chamberlain talking pro tectlvo tariff at Guild Hall, the spirit of Jqhn Bright must feel a desire for a materializing medium. At last report Jlmlnex was behind in j the Dominican election. ' Lnter 'returns are awaited before the opening of the next campaign can be announced. WonM It not be safer for the New Xorkers who Intend to serve "liquid sunshine" at a banquet to adhere to the more reliable though less novel liquid moonshine? Russia and Japan are each trying to pat the blame for a fracas on the other. It may be necessary for them to agree to make the first move upon one an other simultaneously. The democrats don't care what they call the alliance so long as they get the populist votes for democratic candi dates without giving the populists any thing worth having In return. .There Is little difference between the remarks of General Reyes and those of any other loser in a contest From time immemorial the winner has, 'according to the other fellow, taken an unfair ad vantage. Ex-Governor Boyd's letter of regrets and explanation to the Bryan banquet ters must have got lost In the shuffle. If read It would hardly have fit In with the remarks of the honored guest of the occasion. There may be some Justification for Mr. Parry and his agitation If It suc ceeds In making union labor leaders more conservative In their utterances. Often no lesson Is so effective as a horri ble example. ' For some unaccounted reason the equalisation of the assessment roll by the council usually equalises down in stead of up. The tax commissioner's mistakes are always thoee of overvaluation-Hit least the others occasion no complain U. ' The Texas congressmen who must hurry home to pay their poll taxes may be doing more good for tbelr con stituents in that act than by weeks of facetious obstruction to administration measures In the halls of national legisla tion. , Governor Cummins wants to trans plant the Iowa idea into the republican national platform and does not disguise his Intentions. Look out for a warm scrap In the next Iowa state convention unless the clans get together first on another compromise. Wo presume the resolution of inquiry offered In the lower house of congress for information as to the number of horses, carriages and automobiles main tained by the government at Washing' ton for the use of department officials is for the benefit of those officials who think themselves aggrieved because they still have to ride behind horses Vbea atttoanobllaa. are ail the fashion. that TWh vibnan pail. "Eia-hteen thousand men have been laid off during the last three months by fifteen railroad centering In Chicago. 'Notice m given the i.SW employes of the South Deerlng division of the Interna tional Harvester company (trust) that when the plant open next week a 10 per cent reduction In wages will be made. "One hundred amd twenty-five thousand men are affected by the Steel trust's and other steel producers' announcement of a 18 to JO tier cent wage reduction." In the light of this showing, who will not agree with republican leaders that It Is the duty of every patriot to "stand pat" upon our preent-1ay policies? Is it t ot also about time for some en thusiastic republican Organ to present to Its readers that fine old campaign emblem upon which was written "Four Years More of the Full Dinner Pall 7" World-Herald. Tills is a sample brick of partisan domagoRy. If eighteen thousand inch have been laid off during the last three months by fifteen railroads centering In Chicago, what of It? The rallronds of America carry more than 1,000,000 men on their payrolls in ordinary times and In times and seasons of activity they employ several hundred thousand more men in betterments, extensions' and on the operating force. The railroads cen tering in Chicago probably employ 200, 000 men on their systems, which com prise ' fully one-fifth of the mileage of the United States. If they .have laid off 18,000 - men during the winter season when traffic is dull and construction im practicable, they have done nothing out of the ordinary. The other 180,000 men employed by them enjoy the benefit of the full dinner pail where they were content with a half empty dinner pall In the good old democratic days of Grover Cleveland. In those good old democratic days Instead of 18,000 being laid off, about one-half of the entire railroad forces were out in the streets idle, begging to find an opportunity for employment at a dollar a day. The reductions In wages of the In ternational Harvester trust are natural sequences of overcapitalization and speculative Inflation. For this neither the republican party nor the republican leaders can be Justly held responsible any more than they can be held respon sible for the strike In the coal mines or In the copper mines. It is a matter of notoriety that under high pressure the Steel trust and other great manufac turing syndicates increased their wage scale while their stocks were boom ing, and now that they have collapsed they are compelled to economiie or close down altogether. The fact that the men employed In the steel mills, the tin mills and harvester works have accepted the reduced scales would Indicate that they see the necessity of adjusting .them selves to changed conditions and prefer to earn a .living rather than walk the streets with an empty dinner palL-, Sift. BRIAWa MtXSAQB. Mr. Bryan has sent out his message to the democracy of the country and It is safe to say that it will command most earnest attention from the party and perhaps cause no little disquietude among those who are engaged in the effort to reorganize the party.' The message is that there must be no con cessions and no compromises, that the principles declared by the party in the last two national campaigns must be adhered to, and that the candidates of the democracy to be nominated at St. Louis must be in accord with every feature of the Kansas City platform. The speech of Mr. Bryan at the Lin coln banquet was free from all equivo cation or ambiguity. It was a care fully considered expression of his poli tical attitude, to which there is no doubt he will be found absolutely consistent and faithful when the national conven tion meets in July. He was somewhat reticent before, declining to give the public more than a glimpse of his views, thereby leading some to think that per haps his opinions had undergone a radi cal change. Face to face with his most devoted followers, however, he unbo somed himself fully, showing that he is the same man who led the democracy In two national campaigns and still clings uncompromisingly to the doctrines which the people overwhelmingly re pudlated and which other democratic leaders are most earnestly striving to eliminate from the party creed. Mr. Bryan is still for silver. The logic of events has not impaired. bis faith in so-culled bl-metalllsm. He insists that the party must not discard this policy. He is still firmly opposed to the course of the government in regard to the In sular possessions and urges that thu party must not surrender its position in respect to this, refusing to accept what has been done as an accomplished fact. He warns the democracy that It must maintain Its opposition to the trusts and evidently aware of the fact that certain leaders of the party are looking to the corporation magnates for support, and material assistance, be declares that "we want the trust magnates against us, not for us." Mr. Bryan is still for that tariff reform which with him means practical free trade, the principle of protection having never had a more uncompromising opponent than him. He sold that the Kansas City platform is sound in every plank and should be reaffirmed in its entirety by the next national, convention, a declaration, that la likely to cause no little uneasiness among the reorguulzers, since it con veys the assurance that Mr, Bryan in tends to make a fight for that platform and will undoubtedly have a large sap port. This deliverance of Mr. Bryan's is very sure to cause some consternation in eastern democratic circles. The New York member of the democratic national committee said after the meeting of that committee that In going over the situ ation he did not find any sentiment for any general endorsement of the last two platforms. Other eastern democrats have talked in the same way. Mr. Bryan, with still a large following in the west and south, says that the duty of the party is to adhere to the last two platforms, and unqnestlouably he will maks strenuous effort to Lava this done. No confident prediction can le made as to the outcome, but the re organizer may rest assured that the elimination of nryan and Pryanistn will !e no easy task, nor would It le sur prising If the attempt to do so proved futile. reOXAOK IN TEXAS. The federal authorities in Texas have brought to light a system of peonage In certain sections of that state which Is said to be nothing more or less than slavery. The evidence obtained, while not enough to secure conviction of the promoters, showed that on a number of plantations negroes are held In tond age, some of them being descendants of old-time slaves. According to a Gal veston dispatch, on these plantations stores are conducted by the ranch own ers from which all the negroes are com pelled to purchase their supplies, and they never get out of debt and arc thus held under a system called "contract labor." Tills Is practically similar to the system which formerly obtained In the Pennsylvania coal regions, when the miners were required to purchase all their supplies at the stores of the coal companies and were charged outrageous prices,' the amount of their purchases being taken out of their weekly or monthly earnings. These people were thus held in a state of practical peon age and it required years of agitation to secure legislation by the state for their relief. The situation reported In Texas is not precisely like the system ,of peon age in Alabama, Georgia and one or two other southern states which has been broken up by the federal author ities, but it is quite as wrong nnd op pressive and It Is well that an organized effort is to be made to destroy the sys tem. TUB MFFKCT OH TRADE. While a war in the far east would undoubtedly be helpful to our trade In some lines, it would be Injurious to others. The lines that would be bene fited are those which may be concluded In the general category of military sup plies and some of thein have already be gun to feel the beneficial effects of the situation. Both Japan and Russia have placed large orders in the United States for canned meats and orders for canned vegetables may be expected In fair vol ume. Manufacturers of cloths, suit able for military uniforms, are also ex pecting to receive orders for large quan tities of goods and American shoe man ufacturers will probably take part in the equipment of the armies. There Is no doubt that America would be called upon to furnish its share of the bread stuffs which war would compel the bel ligerent countries to import It Is pointed out on the other hand that In the event of war there are many American merchants whose business will suffer. Japan Is the largest source of supply for many commodities in everyday use in the United States, and the only source for some. Already Japan has cut off the world's supply of camphor, which it controls because it Is a necessary Ingredient in the manu facture of smokeless powder. About five-eighths of this country's tea supply comes from Japan and this trade would doubtless be cut off in the event of war. The heaviest items in our imports from Japan is silk, amounting In 1002 to over $25,000,000 and of course there would be a great falling off in this trade shquld war come. Then in the matter of ex ports our cotton trade with Japan would suffer, while exports of Iron and steel to that country would stop. It is thus shown that while we should get some benefit from a war in the far east, there would also be losses, so that very likely the gains and losses would about balance. The American people have more to expect, in the way of trade, from a continuance of peace than from war. Change is the eternal law of the uni verse, but William Jennings Bryan is opposed to chnnge. He wants democ racy to plant itself once more upon the TTunana fMtv nlntfntnn uHHirtnt flianiro S,thongB the vorld hag undergone some most extraordinary changes since the Kansas City platform was promulgated. But why insist on the reaffirmation of the Kansas City platform and not the Chicago platform, on which Bryan was projected into the presidential arena with the halo of the crown of thorns and crown of gold around his head? Why not reaffirm all the democratic platforms from General. Jackson down to the last platform formulated by the great Commoner, just as the populists have been reaffirming every four years the platform adopted at Omaha In 1892. Why can't Bryan formulate a perpetual platform that will be transmitted from generation of democrats to generation of democrats through all the ages? Governor Yardaman of Mississippi thinks the negro in the south has been pampered with too much education. That is an outcropping of the old ante bellum idea when the slave drivers wanted the blacks kept ignorant and Illiterate that they might not chafe under subjection. For the governor of an American commonwealth to express such sentiments In this twentieth cen tury era is a scandalous reflection on the character of the white people of Mississippi who elevated him to the po sition of chief executive. . Colonel Bryan bus so far neglected to make public announcement of the dele gates he wishes appointed to represent Nebraska at St. 1-miN, but his slate when finally made up will go through just the same. He might avoid trouble, however, by proclaiming his selections early, so as to head off the cultivation of aspirations Ixumd to be dlsnppolnted. The receipts from miscellaneous licenses for liKKl exceeded tnose for 1902 by more .hup ll.ooo. The same is true of receipt from police court flues and other sources of rev enue that go exclusively to the school board. If the Independent income of the school district is steadily increas ing, the amount required to be raised by taxation to supplement the school fund ought not to have to be materially Increase!. The death of George Francis Train, 75 years young, will be mourned by Omaha pioneers of the '60's, who gratefully recall the Invaluable service he rendered to Omaha at the turning point of its evolution from a frontier village to a city of metropolitan pre tensions. Visionary and erratic, George Francis Train was withal a man of bril liant Intellect and moral courage of the highest type. Whatever his faults or fallings may have been, George Francis Train was at all, times a fearless cham pion of human rights and an unrelenting foe of tyranny and oppression in every land and clime. His ardent sympathies were always with the lowly, the poor and the downtrodden of all nations, and his shafts of sarcasm were always di rected at shams, frauds and hypocrites. His delusions and illusions were many, but they were more than offset by his never flagging efforts to alleviate the sufferings of humanity. The only democratic congressman from Nebraska Beamed to lean Gorman-wards when home a few weeks ago for his holiday vacation. It remains to be seen whether Mr. Bryan can switch the only member of his party from bis own state in official position at Wash ington. Teople here will not care whether Omaha builders are affiliated with the national organization or not providing it does not prevent the work of build ing from proceeding or force prices up in Omaha by arbitrary edict from the national headquarters. The Nova Scotia men who traveled to South America in search of burled treasure, and were afterwards rescued and brought to San Francisco, should have a real appreciation of the saying that the greenest pastures are not al ways over the fence. eternal Vigilance," Etc. Chicago News. Mr. Bryan evidently means to confine his activities In the convention hall to direct ing the sergeant-at-arms how to chase out the Cleveland boom If it should make a disturbance. Horrors of War. New York Tribune. What will the poor typesetter do when the legions of General Takaharakamahara hara begin to encounter those of General Bhootemoffskyklllemoffarof? T Tapping; a New . Pork Bsur'I. Brooklyn Eagle. That Is a pretty stiff appropriation that they want to put through congress for good roads, yet It averages only 1500,000 or less for each state, and' the money so spent Is better used than In deepening the coun terparts of Cheesequakea creek. Still We Lsk and Live. , ' Indianapolis Journal. The United States: spends as much money for patent medicines a for bread. This Is a fine thing for the druggists, but terribly hard on the stomachs of the people of the United States. The recent novelist who alluded to Americans as "the people who have Invented fifty-seven varieties of dys pepsia" had more than a grain of truth on his side. Snarar Coated Failure, Chicago Record-Herald. The Candy trust Is basted, notwithstand ing the fact that, according to the state ment of Its officers, it formed an unlawful combination for the restraint of trade and commerce, raised the price of candy 26 per cent, cut off the credit of small dealers and shut out all new competitors. Cap tains of industry will. In the face of these facts, find it difficult to understand why the Candy trust should not have been a sugar- coated success. Japan's Naval Strength. Collier's Weekly. Midway In tha strait dividing Japan from Corea are the . Tsushima Islands, now an advanced base, heavily fortified, and but forty miles from Fusan, which from time immemorial has been the landing place of Japanese Invasion. Near by In the harbor of Masampho are, at the moment, tha greater number of Its battle ships. Those of Russia are at Port Arthur, 450 miles distant, where Is now concentrated the whole of Its fighting strength In the east under the protection of what has become. under Its occupancy, a most powerful fortress. Both forces may be taken to be In excellent condition ; Japan's dock yards are equal to any emergency, Russia's equipment In Port Arthur is sufficient for probable needs. Great stores of coal and supplies have been massed at this port a vital necessity In view of the possible com mand by Japan of coal supply from over sea. The latter has, In its own fields, plenty of a medium quality, but In naval war one needs the test, and no doubt Eng lish . and American coal, though two or three times the cost, will be largely used. OlTt WOXDERFl'L. COIXTRY. Tha Aatumn's Remarkable Record of 0,alrk Recovery. New Tork World. The government ' report of our foreign trade for December and for the, full year 1903 continues and completes the autumn's remarkable record of quick recovery. December exports alone passed by more than 111,000.000 all -previous recbrds for a single month, and the excess of exports over Imports also surpassed all totals hith erto known, falling not far behind $100,- 000.000. -The total of the year's combined exports and Imports. was 12.480.000.000, 107,G00,000 more even than In 1W1. The year's excess of exports was $48.&i0.000. where In 1902 It bad been but 391,000.000. The excess of ex ports does not. however, equal that of 1898 or of 1901. or that of 1900. which remains the "record." $648,000,000. How swift the recent change has been Is shown by the contrast between the three summer months and the remaining four months of the year. In summer ths aver age excess of exports was somewhat over tlO.OOO.liOO a month. The average excess throughout the autumn was $63,000,000 per month. In ths first month of the winter and the last of the year tbe "balance of trade" rose to $97,000,000. The nation has passed through a bad financial debauch. It has been overloaded with "undigested securities." It has turned over a new leaf and gone to work to repair Its mistakes In a characteristic American hurry, but in the good, old-fashioned way of economy In buying and enterprise In selling. This Is a wonderful country! BITS OP WASHIXGTO LIFE. Minor ieoaes aad Incidents Sketched oa the Spot. Ben King's fanciful description of people who had "nothing to do but eat, nothing to eat but grub," has Its counterpart In Uncle Sam's boarders In Washington who are undergoing tests of the effect of varl ous food adulterants with admirable cour age and patriotism. At last accounts the boarders were enjoying a deserved vaca tion. Under Dr. Wiley's vigilant care they have survived a siege salicylic acid fare and In addition drew their salaries with unvarying regularity. According to present plans the tests will be resumed January 25. by which time it Is believed all the board ers will have recovered their gastronomies! equilibrium. The very best the Washington markets afford Is Just now being served to the squad of government clerks, carefully prepared by Aline, the negro civil service cook. All of the boarders take their meals ss usual at the laboratory dining room and Dr. Wiley Is giving them his present at tentlon. Some time ago It was announced that wine would form a portion of the Wiley menu, but thtre the subject dropped, and subsequent Inquiry failed to throw any light In regard to the bevernge consumed or the chemical label. It in known, howevef. that about that time Dr. Wiley received at the bureau of chemistry a consignment of wine and beer. A large number of bottles were taken to his private office for scientific Investiga tion only. It should be said and there they stayed for a while In plain view of visitors, and not subject to analysts, chemical or otherwise, except at odd times. The assortment Included squat porter bottles, long-necked wine bottles and vari ous flasks, which It was supposed at the time and a denial was never made would eventually form a portion of the drinkables on the scientific bill of fare. As the bottles re no longer In sight, It Is fair to assume that the Wiley disciples consumed their contents. If so, did the mixture of eallcyllo acid, wine, beer, ale and porter prove too much for their Internal organs? Ask this question at the bureau of chemistry and you win get a stony stare by way of an swer. 'You gee, we're not allowed to say any thing about the experiments, or I might throw some light on this matter," said one of the. boarders yesterday. "We had high old times here before Christmas, and when we got so chock full of salicylic acid that we could not possibly hold another dram, the experiments were suddenly shut down. Mind, I'm not saying whether we did drink the stuff the wine and beer, I mean or not I'm not saying anything. I know bet ter. I don't want to lose my Job and three full meals a day at the same time." There was considerable amusement In the senate the other day at Senator De pew's expense. Boon after the session was called to order he appeared In his seat with the manuscript of the speech on Panama which he had announced he would deliver. Not many minutes later Mrs. Depew and several lady friends took seats In the re served gallery to listen to the senator. The running debate dragged along slowly, Senator Newlands making a protracted argument for the opposition, and Senator Epooner taking the opportunity to make two considerable speeches In reply on the legality of all that had been done. 8enator Depew drummed on his desk and moved about In his chair and Impatiently waited for an opening. Minutes became hours, and still no chance was offered. Finally Senators Aldrlch and Allison came to his aid with a clever ruse. They got a clerk to write a series of notes signed with Mr. Depew's name, begging Mr. Spooner to stop speaking, so that Mr. De pew might speak. The Wisconsin senator glanced savagely at the notes and went on. Finally a note came along that contained two or three strong words In it, and again asked him If he was ever going to stop. Mr. Spooner paused and said: "Mr. President, I have received a note from the senator from New York asking me to stop making my speech because he has a speech which he wants to get off before night If he ran. I am always glad to oblige the senator from New York, and I gladly resign to him the floor." With a look of supreme Joy on his benign counte nance, Mr. Depew arose, and, after disa vowing tho authorship of the notes, launched out Into his speech. "How Is the contest between Uncle Joe and the senate coming on?" was a nnerv addressed by a Washington Post reporter to one of the younger senators. "Since the failure of Uncle Joe to dis turb the senate over the proposed adjourn ment of the extra session everything seems to be moving along smoothly," was the reply. "The fact is," he continued, "when these old fellows In here take' a notlbn they can purr over a man and bring him around all right. Why, there is Uncle Billy Alli son over there; it would have done your soul good to hear the way he purred over Uncle Joe one day and made the speaker feel that he was just as big as any of them, and that the senate had no Idea of running away with the house. These fel lows have a way with them here that there Is no getting around." Secretary Hay has received through M. Jusserand, the French ambassador, a for mal offer from the women of France of a bust of Washington. It is a replica of the ona destroyed by Are at the capltol In 1851 and which was the work of David of Angers. The original was presented to this country by France In 1823, and this offer to replace It Is a bit of International courtesy pleasant to contemplate. Secretary Hay will submit the offer to congress with a recommendation that It be accepted. Pro vision will be made for a ceremonial In stallation, Social etiquette In Washington Is becom ing so strict as to recall the observances of foreign courts. Considerable surprise was expressed when Mrs. Hay gave a brilliant state dinner at a time when her huttband, the secretary of state, was so 111 that he could not attend. Explanation lies In the fact that It would be contrary to etiquette for any member of the cabinet to give a dinner until one has first been given by the secretary of state, ranking member of the president's official family. As the season for such functions had arrived and it was important that the whole social fabric should bo saved from wreck, the Hay din ner was given, though the host was ill In bed. j Senator Reed Smoot Is a very active man. Tall and lean, he strides through senate rooms and corridors like a rapid shadow. He skips by ordinary wayfarers. Without thinking of an overcoat, he hastena down to the Maltby building and back again in the most severe weather. There is no other senator who can keep his pace. But at his desk In the senate chamber Mr. Smoot is In repose, especially during the morning hour. The anti-Smoot petitions coma In by hundreds. He hears senators announc ing them from all around him. Then he looks resigned. He rests his head on his left hand, crosses his long legs and, mo tionless as a lay figure, listens to the read ing of tha deep-voiced clerks. RodaclasT (ho Posta Dodclt. Washington Post Senator Hanna says he has written $.000 letters denying that he is a candidate for the presldenuy. Keep It up, senator, and help reduos the postal deficit. Of unequalled value as a household beverages BOTTOM CAl K FOR WAR. China the Heal Prise la the Asiatic Controversy. Philadelphia Press. Whether the answer ot Japan to the Rus sian note Just sent from Toklo to St. Petersburg be In terms conciliatory or con tinues earlier demands In regard to Corea or Manchuria has ceased to he of serious consequence. Russia and Japan at last stand face to face over the main Issue dominance In the east. Japan can, aa far as the present Is concerned, concede all that Russia now desires in Manchuria. Russia can yield, taking the existing situation. Japan's pres ent desires in south Corea and at Its capi tal, Seoul. These are but outworks. The real Issue- to which Manchuria and Corea are but pre liminaries Is the future weight and In fluence of Russia or of Japan at Peking. China Is today a vast derelict. It has the largest body of population not already under some one of the world's leading flags. Its coal and iron will decide the Industries of the last half of the twentieth century. The real controversy between Russia and Japan Is as to which power shall put a prise crew on board of this rudderless dere lict, China, rent the teeming hulk and use all Its great resources In the future. In this unequal struggle Russia Is numerically fivefold stronger than Japan. Even wero Russia defeated today It would in due season emerge, as It has from other defeats. Its frontier advanced, Us army larger and Its power greater, by the sheer continuous accretion of Its populous bulk. The governing group In Japan, however, undoubtedly believes that If the Island em pire can deal a blow now to Russia, can check Its advance and oan, for a season, control Peking end reorganise China, It will be possible for Japan, aided by a great Chinese army, to assume and main tain a dominant place on the east coast of Asia. It Is Asia's last stand. If Russia Is let alone, exactly as this power absorbed the territory north of the Amour forty years ago and has absorbed Manchuria now, so In the next generation northern China will pass under Russian control and Japan will be left a hive of Industry, but without an imperial future. "Boshldo," the "soldiers' way," la the favorite principle and motto of Japan and Its leaders. It looks to great risks, an Intrepid readiness to face bdds and a cheerful willingness to meet death rather than live Inglorious oays. Japan seethes today with high-strung en thusiasm and a fanatic (atrlotlsm over the prospect. If war comes, the real prise will not be Corea on one side or Manchuria on the other, but tbe right to dominate, direct and control the future of China the world's one great price of empire today. PERSONAL, 1SOTE8. President Loubet of France attributes his good health to taking long walks every pleasant morning between and 8 o'clock about the streets of Paris. President Roosevelt has had a mountain ridge in Alaska rained for him, Roosevelt ridge. The ridge was recently explored and christened by Dr. Frederick A. Cook. Otto Zwelgelenstelnestopper was under atrest In Fredonla, Kan., for aasulttng his father-in-law, W. D. Chrlstman, and the county attorney concluded It would be easier to . Cusmlss tbe case than pro nounce It. With the experience of his Illustrious pre decessor fresh In mind. President Corey of the Steel corporation Is not likely to at tempt to break "the bank at Monte Carlo" during his trip abroad. John P. Jones, former senator of Nevada, expects to divide the remainder of his days about equally between the Pacific coast. New York and Washington. The only man now in the senate who was sworn In. when he was, In 1$73, is Mr. Allison. According to Secretary of Agriculture Wilson, Sir Thomas Upton buys horses and pigs In Chicago, shipping the horses to Ireland (where he trains them and sells them In England as Irish jumpers," while he selects the thin pigs and cans them as "Irish bacon," which he also sells in England at 'a big profit. If Sir Thomas j-srfVij--- Low (f We have Y our stock that are marked very low to olose out, and we expect them to go quick. How is your boys' stock of clothing. J"..2.50, 3.50 5.00 That trers $5.00 and vp to $SM. Children's double breasted 2- PT CA (S T C piece suits, sizes 8. 9, tO yrs tJ 4' Thut u rJ $5.00 und up to $7.50. Juvenile Reefers and Over- ffT "l CA o TC coats, for J.JU stL vp That told for $5.00 ami up to $3.50. Boys' Tweed Reefers, sizes 13 and 14 only, Art $3.BO value, marked down to I.UU AU Jioyt' Overcoat are marltd down. An odd lot of Boys' Shirt Walst3. $1 value, for. ...25a Girl's Wool Tarn, COo value, now 29e Stocking Caps, COc value, now 25a No Clothlnjr Fits Llk Our. groWnirv2- Kin2- ( 11. S. WILCOX, Mgr. am were not an Irishman he would be a Yankee. Sergesnt John Martin, the only survivor of General Custer's regiment engaged In the battle of the Big Horn In 187 has just been placed on the retired lint of the Army, Two hundred and seventy-seven of his companions were killed during the engage ment, Mr. O. M. King, superintendent of the Baltimore A Ohio railroad shops In Mar tlnsburg, W. Vs., was last week placed on the retired list of employes of the road, after having served that com pany continuously for fifty years and five months. It Is said that Benator Quay's recent more or less serious Illness may be traoed to his great fondness for sauerkraut, in which plebeian dainty he had been Indulg ing freely. So far as this dish Is concerned the senator "loves not wisely, but too well," but his physlc'sn soon put him to rights. Nicholas Browse Trlnt of New Orleans, who died of heart disease last week, was the highest recognised authority In this country on the game of whist. He served In the confederate army under General Kirby Smith, practiced law subsequently and was raised to an honorable position on the local bench. pouted pleasantries. "Gentlemen," said the Impassioned ora- wr, "i cannot .eu a no. "Then what nr., vnl I H n! n cr In VM.1tft Interrupted a man In tho andience. Chi cago fost. No man ever got rlrh hy his own efforts who made It his hnblt to lie abed till 8 o'clock In the morning before he was 40 years old. Somervlllo Journal. Wealthy American Father-ln-I,w 1,00k here, count, I'm getting tired of paying your debts. Count Boylon de Bakkovlsnek So soon? Bare, you haf not paid se half of se dibts yet! Chicago Tribune. "Goodness! How those two men are swearing at each other." "Yes, It's pretty fierce." "What's the matter vlth them?" "They're arguing about '.heir rapeotlve religious beliefs." Philadelphia Catillo Standard. Emellne Sarah and I can hardly under stand each other over the telephone. Edgar Well, talk one at a time. Detroit Free Press. "This Is one of the hardest winters we have ever had," said the man who de lights In comparisons. "Yes," answered the consoling cltlsen. ' But wait till the thaw. It will be softer then." Washington Star. Towns Better leok out for this fellow In the automobile, or he'll run you down. Browne Who Is It? Towne Bill I.lttle, In his new machine. He's Just learning to run It. Browne Ah 1 that bears out the old say ing: "A little learning Is a dangerous thing." Philadelphia Press. A lady appealed to the Gov. fihe tald that her husband kept shov. "I'm a street car conductor," Bald the husband; "instructer her That It's hublt I keep right on lov." Brooklyn Life. THE KORSK 5f GHT1KQALE, 'W. F. Kirk In Milwaukee Sentinel. A gewter dar ban, and he luv nice gurl (Yust lak yu and myself,) He calling her "ewoetheart" and "preclouu pearl," But yeel She sknl giving him awful whirl, And make him spend money lak duke or arl (Tuat lak yu and myself). Oh, the panga ve blow &nd tho debts ve owe! Yerusalem, It ban hal! Ve drank from every teng but town pump, Till creditors get us op a stump, ' And den ay tet yu ve have to yump! Ay tnk it Mit pay wery val. DIs failor he also lak po5-r game Yust lak yu and myself.) He tenk dat he ban qvlte a foxy player. He try to max Diun ana stay on snort pair. But Ten he get tru he ban having gray hair, iy hair, , (Yust lak yu and myself). He lak to stay op till rasters crow, And r.-llkman ban axtlna around. He lak to go home yust lak spinning top. And having iong argument vim oig cop, And land on the bed vith gude heavy flop Ay bet yu he sleep purty sound! A geexer dar ban, and he lak to sport (Yust lak yu and myself.) He call himself torobred, svift, and cool Vine and vomen, poker tnd pool But some fallers call blm a fat damn fule- (Yust lak yu and myself)! The Difference between "very nesr right" and "exactly right" In GLASSIES is tho difference be tween failure and success. You get "ex actly light" Glasses when you come to us ar.J we guarantee It- J. C. HUTESON & CO., aa s. nth st, paxton block. Prices Now several odd lines in 1 IV