THE OMAITA DAILY IlEE: WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 20. 1001.
Uto Omaiia Daily Dee.
E. ROB K WATER, EDITOR.
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STATEMENT OF CIRCTTITION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.i
0orge B. Tinchuck, aeursUry of The Bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
says that the actual number of full and
complete' eoples of The Dally, Morning.
Evening and Sunday Be printed during
the month of December. ISO, was as fol
lowsi U.m...M.JI),tlO 17. ... 80.SM
4. imhm ,3MMltt SO, ...m. .S7,020
l.......SO.JH)0 tl. ...... 4U3TO
l...w..M,10 C. .SO.TTO
Tmmm..m....somo tt 8o,ao
t. .80,DPO M. ...... .SlBOO
....... k aisoo
i .....o,ano m sioo
:i. ............ .90,400 27 20,800
1- 80,400 tg DO,7BO
11.. .....ST.OIO t 80,60
H ...000 SO.... S8.O10
15 SO.TBO U....M 83,490
!-s unsold and returned copies.... 10,421
S'et total sales....... B88,B34
Net average sales so,22U
OEOROE B. TZBCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and worn to
befora ma this 21st day of December. A. D.
, . . M. B. HUNQATK.
tflaal.) Notary Public.
The Nebraska town not already sup
plied with a Roosevelt club la certainly
behind the times.
The weather bureau's latest cold
ware prediction must hare been coun
Those water works appraisers evi
dently believe In hanging onto a rood
Job as long as possible.
Chairman Jones' call for the demo
cratic national convention has the merit
of brevity aa compared with Chairman
'The ice man and the weather man
have yet to get together on. the ques
tion of Omaha's ice supply for the com
' With Joseph Chamberlain talking pro
tectlvo tariff at Guild Hall, the spirit of
Jqhn Bright must feel a desire for a
At last report Jlmlnex was behind in
j the Dominican election. ' Lnter 'returns
are awaited before the opening of the
next campaign can be announced.
WonM It not be safer for the New
Xorkers who Intend to serve "liquid
sunshine" at a banquet to adhere to
the more reliable though less novel
Russia and Japan are each trying to
pat the blame for a fracas on the other.
It may be necessary for them to agree
to make the first move upon one an
The democrats don't care what they
call the alliance so long as they get the
populist votes for democratic candi
dates without giving the populists any
thing worth having In return.
.There Is little difference between the
remarks of General Reyes and those of
any other loser in a contest From time
immemorial the winner has, 'according
to the other fellow, taken an unfair ad
vantage. Ex-Governor Boyd's letter of regrets
and explanation to the Bryan banquet
ters must have got lost In the shuffle.
If read It would hardly have fit In with
the remarks of the honored guest of the
There may be some Justification for
Mr. Parry and his agitation If It suc
ceeds In making union labor leaders
more conservative In their utterances.
Often no lesson Is so effective as a horri
ble example. '
For some unaccounted reason the
equalisation of the assessment roll by
the council usually equalises down in
stead of up. The tax commissioner's
mistakes are always thoee of overvaluation-Hit
least the others occasion no
' The Texas congressmen who must
hurry home to pay their poll taxes may
be doing more good for tbelr con
stituents in that act than by weeks of
facetious obstruction to administration
measures In the halls of national legisla
Governor Cummins wants to trans
plant the Iowa idea into the republican
national platform and does not disguise
his Intentions. Look out for a warm
scrap In the next Iowa state convention
unless the clans get together first on
Wo presume the resolution of inquiry
offered In the lower house of congress
for information as to the number of
horses, carriages and automobiles main
tained by the government at Washing'
ton for the use of department officials is
for the benefit of those officials who
think themselves aggrieved because
they still have to ride behind horses
Vbea atttoanobllaa. are ail the fashion.
that TWh vibnan pail.
"Eia-hteen thousand men have been laid
off during the last three months by fifteen
railroad centering In Chicago.
'Notice m given the i.SW employes of
the South Deerlng division of the Interna
tional Harvester company (trust) that when
the plant open next week a 10 per cent
reduction In wages will be made.
"One hundred amd twenty-five thousand
men are affected by the Steel trust's and
other steel producers' announcement of a
18 to JO tier cent wage reduction."
In the light of this showing, who will
not agree with republican leaders that It
Is the duty of every patriot to "stand pat"
upon our preent-1ay policies?
Is it t ot also about time for some en
thusiastic republican Organ to present to
Its readers that fine old campaign emblem
upon which was written "Four Years More
of the Full Dinner Pall 7" World-Herald.
Tills is a sample brick of partisan
domagoRy. If eighteen thousand inch
have been laid off during the last three
months by fifteen railroads centering In
Chicago, what of It? The rallronds of
America carry more than 1,000,000 men
on their payrolls in ordinary times and
In times and seasons of activity they
employ several hundred thousand more
men in betterments, extensions' and on
the operating force. The railroads cen
tering in Chicago probably employ 200,
000 men on their systems, which com
prise ' fully one-fifth of the mileage of
the United States. If they .have laid off
18,000 - men during the winter season
when traffic is dull and construction im
practicable, they have done nothing out
of the ordinary. The other 180,000 men
employed by them enjoy the benefit of
the full dinner pail where they were
content with a half empty dinner pall
In the good old democratic days of
Grover Cleveland. In those good old
democratic days Instead of 18,000 being
laid off, about one-half of the entire
railroad forces were out in the streets
idle, begging to find an opportunity for
employment at a dollar a day.
The reductions In wages of the In
ternational Harvester trust are natural
sequences of overcapitalization and
speculative Inflation. For this neither
the republican party nor the republican
leaders can be Justly held responsible
any more than they can be held respon
sible for the strike In the coal mines
or In the copper mines. It is a matter
of notoriety that under high pressure
the Steel trust and other great manufac
turing syndicates increased their wage
scale while their stocks were boom
ing, and now that they have collapsed
they are compelled to economiie or close
down altogether. The fact that the men
employed In the steel mills, the tin mills
and harvester works have accepted the
reduced scales would Indicate that they
see the necessity of adjusting .them
selves to changed conditions and prefer
to earn a .living rather than walk the
streets with an empty dinner palL-,
Sift. BRIAWa MtXSAQB.
Mr. Bryan has sent out his message
to the democracy of the country and It
is safe to say that it will command most
earnest attention from the party and
perhaps cause no little disquietude
among those who are engaged in the
effort to reorganize the party.' The
message is that there must be no con
cessions and no compromises, that the
principles declared by the party in the
last two national campaigns must be
adhered to, and that the candidates of
the democracy to be nominated at St.
Louis must be in accord with every
feature of the Kansas City platform.
The speech of Mr. Bryan at the Lin
coln banquet was free from all equivo
cation or ambiguity. It was a care
fully considered expression of his poli
tical attitude, to which there is no doubt
he will be found absolutely consistent
and faithful when the national conven
tion meets in July. He was somewhat
reticent before, declining to give the
public more than a glimpse of his views,
thereby leading some to think that per
haps his opinions had undergone a radi
cal change. Face to face with his most
devoted followers, however, he unbo
somed himself fully, showing that he is
the same man who led the democracy
In two national campaigns and still
clings uncompromisingly to the doctrines
which the people overwhelmingly re
pudlated and which other democratic
leaders are most earnestly striving to
eliminate from the party creed.
Mr. Bryan is still for silver. The logic
of events has not impaired. bis faith in
so-culled bl-metalllsm. He insists that
the party must not discard this policy.
He is still firmly opposed to the course
of the government in regard to the In
sular possessions and urges that thu
party must not surrender its position in
respect to this, refusing to accept what
has been done as an accomplished fact.
He warns the democracy that It must
maintain Its opposition to the trusts and
evidently aware of the fact that certain
leaders of the party are looking to the
corporation magnates for support, and
material assistance, be declares that
"we want the trust magnates against
us, not for us." Mr. Bryan is still for
that tariff reform which with him
means practical free trade, the principle
of protection having never had a more
uncompromising opponent than him.
He sold that the Kansas City platform
is sound in every plank and should be
reaffirmed in its entirety by the next
national, convention, a declaration, that
la likely to cause no little uneasiness
among the reorguulzers, since it con
veys the assurance that Mr, Bryan in
tends to make a fight for that platform
and will undoubtedly have a large sap
port. This deliverance of Mr. Bryan's is
very sure to cause some consternation in
eastern democratic circles. The New
York member of the democratic national
committee said after the meeting of that
committee that In going over the situ
ation he did not find any sentiment for
any general endorsement of the last two
platforms. Other eastern democrats
have talked in the same way. Mr.
Bryan, with still a large following in
the west and south, says that the duty
of the party is to adhere to the last
two platforms, and unqnestlouably he
will maks strenuous effort to Lava
this done. No confident prediction can
le made as to the outcome, but the re
organizer may rest assured that the
elimination of nryan and Pryanistn will
!e no easy task, nor would It le sur
prising If the attempt to do so proved
reOXAOK IN TEXAS.
The federal authorities in Texas have
brought to light a system of peonage In
certain sections of that state which Is
said to be nothing more or less than
slavery. The evidence obtained, while
not enough to secure conviction of the
promoters, showed that on a number of
plantations negroes are held In tond
age, some of them being descendants
of old-time slaves. According to a Gal
veston dispatch, on these plantations
stores are conducted by the ranch own
ers from which all the negroes are com
pelled to purchase their supplies, and
they never get out of debt and arc thus
held under a system called "contract
labor." Tills Is practically similar to
the system which formerly obtained In
the Pennsylvania coal regions, when the
miners were required to purchase all
their supplies at the stores of the coal
companies and were charged outrageous
prices,' the amount of their purchases
being taken out of their weekly or
monthly earnings. These people were
thus held in a state of practical peon
age and it required years of agitation
to secure legislation by the state for
The situation reported In Texas is
not precisely like the system ,of peon
age in Alabama, Georgia and one or
two other southern states which has
been broken up by the federal author
ities, but it is quite as wrong nnd op
pressive and It Is well that an organized
effort is to be made to destroy the sys
tem. TUB MFFKCT OH TRADE.
While a war in the far east would
undoubtedly be helpful to our trade In
some lines, it would be Injurious to
others. The lines that would be bene
fited are those which may be concluded
In the general category of military sup
plies and some of thein have already be
gun to feel the beneficial effects of the
situation. Both Japan and Russia have
placed large orders in the United States
for canned meats and orders for canned
vegetables may be expected In fair vol
ume. Manufacturers of cloths, suit
able for military uniforms, are also ex
pecting to receive orders for large quan
tities of goods and American shoe man
ufacturers will probably take part in the
equipment of the armies. There Is no
doubt that America would be called
upon to furnish its share of the bread
stuffs which war would compel the bel
ligerent countries to import
It Is pointed out on the other hand
that In the event of war there are many
American merchants whose business
will suffer. Japan Is the largest source
of supply for many commodities in
everyday use in the United States, and
the only source for some. Already
Japan has cut off the world's supply of
camphor, which it controls because it
Is a necessary Ingredient in the manu
facture of smokeless powder. About
five-eighths of this country's tea supply
comes from Japan and this trade would
doubtless be cut off in the event of war.
The heaviest items in our imports from
Japan is silk, amounting In 1002 to over
$25,000,000 and of course there would
be a great falling off in this trade shquld
war come. Then in the matter of ex
ports our cotton trade with Japan would
suffer, while exports of Iron and steel
to that country would stop.
It is thus shown that while we should
get some benefit from a war in the
far east, there would also be losses, so
that very likely the gains and losses
would about balance. The American
people have more to expect, in the way
of trade, from a continuance of peace
than from war.
Change is the eternal law of the uni
verse, but William Jennings Bryan is
opposed to chnnge. He wants democ
racy to plant itself once more upon the
TTunana fMtv nlntfntnn uHHirtnt flianiro
S,thongB the vorld hag undergone some
most extraordinary changes since the
Kansas City platform was promulgated.
But why insist on the reaffirmation of
the Kansas City platform and not the
Chicago platform, on which Bryan was
projected into the presidential arena
with the halo of the crown of thorns
and crown of gold around his head?
Why not reaffirm all the democratic
platforms from General. Jackson down
to the last platform formulated by the
great Commoner, just as the populists
have been reaffirming every four years
the platform adopted at Omaha In 1892.
Why can't Bryan formulate a perpetual
platform that will be transmitted from
generation of democrats to generation
of democrats through all the ages?
Governor Yardaman of Mississippi
thinks the negro in the south has been
pampered with too much education.
That is an outcropping of the old ante
bellum idea when the slave drivers
wanted the blacks kept ignorant and
Illiterate that they might not chafe
under subjection. For the governor of
an American commonwealth to express
such sentiments In this twentieth cen
tury era is a scandalous reflection on
the character of the white people of
Mississippi who elevated him to the po
sition of chief executive. .
Colonel Bryan bus so far neglected to
make public announcement of the dele
gates he wishes appointed to represent
Nebraska at St. 1-miN, but his slate
when finally made up will go through
just the same. He might avoid trouble,
however, by proclaiming his selections
early, so as to head off the cultivation
of aspirations Ixumd to be dlsnppolnted.
The receipts from miscellaneous
licenses for liKKl exceeded tnose for
1902 by more .hup ll.ooo. The
same is true of receipt from police
court flues and other sources of rev
enue that go exclusively to the school
board. If the Independent income of
the school district is steadily increas
ing, the amount required to be raised
by taxation to supplement the school
fund ought not to have to be materially
The death of George Francis Train,
75 years young, will be mourned by
Omaha pioneers of the '60's, who
gratefully recall the Invaluable service
he rendered to Omaha at the turning
point of its evolution from a frontier
village to a city of metropolitan pre
tensions. Visionary and erratic, George
Francis Train was withal a man of bril
liant Intellect and moral courage of the
highest type. Whatever his faults or
fallings may have been, George Francis
Train was at all, times a fearless cham
pion of human rights and an unrelenting
foe of tyranny and oppression in every
land and clime. His ardent sympathies
were always with the lowly, the poor
and the downtrodden of all nations, and
his shafts of sarcasm were always di
rected at shams, frauds and hypocrites.
His delusions and illusions were many,
but they were more than offset by his
never flagging efforts to alleviate the
sufferings of humanity.
The only democratic congressman
from Nebraska Beamed to lean Gorman-wards
when home a few weeks ago
for his holiday vacation. It remains to
be seen whether Mr. Bryan can switch
the only member of his party from bis
own state in official position at Wash
ington. Teople here will not care whether
Omaha builders are affiliated with the
national organization or not providing
it does not prevent the work of build
ing from proceeding or force prices up
in Omaha by arbitrary edict from the
The Nova Scotia men who traveled to
South America in search of burled
treasure, and were afterwards rescued
and brought to San Francisco, should
have a real appreciation of the saying
that the greenest pastures are not al
ways over the fence.
eternal Vigilance," Etc.
Mr. Bryan evidently means to confine his
activities In the convention hall to direct
ing the sergeant-at-arms how to chase out
the Cleveland boom If it should make a
Horrors of War.
New York Tribune.
What will the poor typesetter do when
the legions of General Takaharakamahara
hara begin to encounter those of General
Tapping; a New . Pork Bsur'I.
That Is a pretty stiff appropriation that
they want to put through congress for
good roads, yet It averages only 1500,000 or
less for each state, and' the money so spent
Is better used than In deepening the coun
terparts of Cheesequakea creek.
Still We Lsk and Live.
, ' Indianapolis Journal.
The United States: spends as much money
for patent medicines a for bread. This Is
a fine thing for the druggists, but terribly
hard on the stomachs of the people of the
United States. The recent novelist who
alluded to Americans as "the people who
have Invented fifty-seven varieties of dys
pepsia" had more than a grain of truth on
Snarar Coated Failure,
The Candy trust Is basted, notwithstand
ing the fact that, according to the state
ment of Its officers, it formed an unlawful
combination for the restraint of trade and
commerce, raised the price of candy 26 per
cent, cut off the credit of small dealers
and shut out all new competitors. Cap
tains of industry will. In the face of these
facts, find it difficult to understand why the
Candy trust should not have been a sugar-
Japan's Naval Strength.
Midway In tha strait dividing Japan from
Corea are the . Tsushima Islands, now an
advanced base, heavily fortified, and but
forty miles from Fusan, which from time
immemorial has been the landing place of
Japanese Invasion. Near by In the harbor
of Masampho are, at the moment, tha
greater number of Its battle ships. Those
of Russia are at Port Arthur, 450 miles
distant, where Is now concentrated the
whole of Its fighting strength In the east
under the protection of what has become.
under Its occupancy, a most powerful
fortress. Both forces may be taken to be
In excellent condition ; Japan's dock yards
are equal to any emergency, Russia's
equipment In Port Arthur is sufficient for
probable needs. Great stores of coal and
supplies have been massed at this port a
vital necessity In view of the possible com
mand by Japan of coal supply from over
sea. The latter has, In its own fields,
plenty of a medium quality, but In naval
war one needs the test, and no doubt Eng
lish . and American coal, though two or
three times the cost, will be largely used.
OlTt WOXDERFl'L. COIXTRY.
Tha Aatumn's Remarkable Record
of 0,alrk Recovery.
New Tork World.
The government ' report of our foreign
trade for December and for the, full year
1903 continues and completes the autumn's
remarkable record of quick recovery.
December exports alone passed by more
than 111,000.000 all -previous recbrds for a
single month, and the excess of exports
over Imports also surpassed all totals hith
erto known, falling not far behind $100,-
-The total of the year's combined exports
and Imports. was 12.480.000.000, 107,G00,000
more even than In 1W1. The year's excess
of exports was $48.&i0.000. where In 1902 It
bad been but 391,000.000. The excess of ex
ports does not. however, equal that of 1898
or of 1901. or that of 1900. which remains
the "record." $648,000,000.
How swift the recent change has been Is
shown by the contrast between the three
summer months and the remaining four
months of the year. In summer ths aver
age excess of exports was somewhat over
tlO.OOO.liOO a month. The average excess
throughout the autumn was $63,000,000 per
month. In ths first month of the winter
and the last of the year tbe "balance of
trade" rose to $97,000,000.
The nation has passed through a bad
financial debauch. It has been overloaded
with "undigested securities." It has turned
over a new leaf and gone to work to repair
Its mistakes In a characteristic American
hurry, but in the good, old-fashioned way
of economy In buying and enterprise In
This Is a wonderful country!
BITS OP WASHIXGTO LIFE.
Minor ieoaes aad Incidents Sketched
oa the Spot.
Ben King's fanciful description of people
who had "nothing to do but eat, nothing
to eat but grub," has Its counterpart In
Uncle Sam's boarders In Washington who
are undergoing tests of the effect of varl
ous food adulterants with admirable cour
age and patriotism. At last accounts the
boarders were enjoying a deserved vaca
tion. Under Dr. Wiley's vigilant care they
have survived a siege salicylic acid fare
and In addition drew their salaries with
unvarying regularity. According to present
plans the tests will be resumed January 25.
by which time it Is believed all the board
ers will have recovered their gastronomies!
equilibrium. The very best the Washington
markets afford Is Just now being served to
the squad of government clerks, carefully
prepared by Aline, the negro civil service
cook. All of the boarders take their meals
ss usual at the laboratory dining room and
Dr. Wiley Is giving them his present at
tentlon. Some time ago It was announced that
wine would form a portion of the Wiley
menu, but thtre the subject dropped, and
subsequent Inquiry failed to throw any
light In regard to the bevernge consumed
or the chemical label.
It in known, howevef. that about that
time Dr. Wiley received at the bureau of
chemistry a consignment of wine and beer.
A large number of bottles were taken to
his private office for scientific Investiga
tion only. It should be said and there they
stayed for a while In plain view of visitors,
and not subject to analysts, chemical or
otherwise, except at odd times.
The assortment Included squat porter
bottles, long-necked wine bottles and vari
ous flasks, which It was supposed at the
time and a denial was never made would
eventually form a portion of the drinkables
on the scientific bill of fare. As the bottles
re no longer In sight, It Is fair to assume
that the Wiley disciples consumed their
contents. If so, did the mixture of eallcyllo
acid, wine, beer, ale and porter prove too
much for their Internal organs? Ask this
question at the bureau of chemistry and
you win get a stony stare by way of an
'You gee, we're not allowed to say any
thing about the experiments, or I might
throw some light on this matter," said one
of the. boarders yesterday. "We had high
old times here before Christmas, and when
we got so chock full of salicylic acid that
we could not possibly hold another dram,
the experiments were suddenly shut down.
Mind, I'm not saying whether we did drink
the stuff the wine and beer, I mean or
not I'm not saying anything. I know bet
ter. I don't want to lose my Job and three
full meals a day at the same time."
There was considerable amusement In
the senate the other day at Senator De
pew's expense. Boon after the session was
called to order he appeared In his seat with
the manuscript of the speech on Panama
which he had announced he would deliver.
Not many minutes later Mrs. Depew and
several lady friends took seats In the re
served gallery to listen to the senator.
The running debate dragged along slowly,
Senator Newlands making a protracted
argument for the opposition, and Senator
Epooner taking the opportunity to make
two considerable speeches In reply on the
legality of all that had been done. 8enator
Depew drummed on his desk and moved
about In his chair and Impatiently waited
for an opening.
Minutes became hours, and still no
chance was offered.
Finally Senators Aldrlch and Allison
came to his aid with a clever ruse. They
got a clerk to write a series of notes signed
with Mr. Depew's name, begging Mr.
Spooner to stop speaking, so that Mr. De
pew might speak. The Wisconsin senator
glanced savagely at the notes and went on.
Finally a note came along that contained
two or three strong words In it, and again
asked him If he was ever going to stop.
Mr. Spooner paused and said:
"Mr. President, I have received a note
from the senator from New York asking
me to stop making my speech because he
has a speech which he wants to get off
before night If he ran. I am always glad
to oblige the senator from New York, and
I gladly resign to him the floor." With a
look of supreme Joy on his benign counte
nance, Mr. Depew arose, and, after disa
vowing tho authorship of the notes,
launched out Into his speech.
"How Is the contest between Uncle Joe
and the senate coming on?" was a nnerv
addressed by a Washington Post reporter
to one of the younger senators.
"Since the failure of Uncle Joe to dis
turb the senate over the proposed adjourn
ment of the extra session everything seems
to be moving along smoothly," was the
reply. "The fact is," he continued, "when
these old fellows In here take' a notlbn they
can purr over a man and bring him around
all right. Why, there is Uncle Billy Alli
son over there; it would have done your
soul good to hear the way he purred over
Uncle Joe one day and made the speaker
feel that he was just as big as any of
them, and that the senate had no Idea of
running away with the house. These fel
lows have a way with them here that there
Is no getting around."
Secretary Hay has received through M.
Jusserand, the French ambassador, a for
mal offer from the women of France of a
bust of Washington. It is a replica of the
ona destroyed by Are at the capltol In
1851 and which was the work of David of
Angers. The original was presented to this
country by France In 1823, and this offer to
replace It Is a bit of International courtesy
pleasant to contemplate. Secretary Hay
will submit the offer to congress with a
recommendation that It be accepted. Pro
vision will be made for a ceremonial In
stallation, Social etiquette In Washington Is becom
ing so strict as to recall the observances of
foreign courts. Considerable surprise was
expressed when Mrs. Hay gave a brilliant
state dinner at a time when her huttband,
the secretary of state, was so 111 that he
could not attend. Explanation lies In the
fact that It would be contrary to etiquette
for any member of the cabinet to give a
dinner until one has first been given by the
secretary of state, ranking member of the
president's official family. As the season
for such functions had arrived and it was
important that the whole social fabric
should bo saved from wreck, the Hay din
ner was given, though the host was ill In
Senator Reed Smoot Is a very active man.
Tall and lean, he strides through senate
rooms and corridors like a rapid shadow.
He skips by ordinary wayfarers. Without
thinking of an overcoat, he hastena down to
the Maltby building and back again in the
most severe weather. There is no other
senator who can keep his pace. But at his
desk In the senate chamber Mr. Smoot is
In repose, especially during the morning
hour. The anti-Smoot petitions coma In
by hundreds. He hears senators announc
ing them from all around him. Then he
looks resigned. He rests his head on his
left hand, crosses his long legs and, mo
tionless as a lay figure, listens to the read
ing of tha deep-voiced clerks.
RodaclasT (ho Posta Dodclt.
Senator Hanna says he has written $.000
letters denying that he is a candidate for
the presldenuy. Keep It up, senator, and
help reduos the postal deficit.
Of unequalled value as a
BOTTOM CAl K FOR WAR.
China the Heal Prise la the Asiatic
Whether the answer ot Japan to the Rus
sian note Just sent from Toklo to St.
Petersburg be In terms conciliatory or con
tinues earlier demands In regard to Corea
or Manchuria has ceased to he of serious
Russia and Japan at last stand face to
face over the main Issue dominance In the
east. Japan can, aa far as the present Is
concerned, concede all that Russia now
desires in Manchuria. Russia can yield,
taking the existing situation. Japan's pres
ent desires in south Corea and at Its capi
These are but outworks. The real Issue-
to which Manchuria and Corea are but pre
liminaries Is the future weight and In
fluence of Russia or of Japan at Peking.
China Is today a vast derelict. It has the
largest body of population not already
under some one of the world's leading flags.
Its coal and iron will decide the Industries
of the last half of the twentieth century.
The real controversy between Russia and
Japan Is as to which power shall put a
prise crew on board of this rudderless dere
lict, China, rent the teeming hulk and use
all Its great resources In the future.
In this unequal struggle Russia Is
numerically fivefold stronger than Japan.
Even wero Russia defeated today It would
in due season emerge, as It has from other
defeats. Its frontier advanced, Us army
larger and Its power greater, by the sheer
continuous accretion of Its populous bulk.
The governing group In Japan, however,
undoubtedly believes that If the Island em
pire can deal a blow now to Russia, can
check Its advance and oan, for a season,
control Peking end reorganise China, It
will be possible for Japan, aided by a
great Chinese army, to assume and main
tain a dominant place on the east coast of
It Is Asia's last stand. If Russia Is let
alone, exactly as this power absorbed the
territory north of the Amour forty years
ago and has absorbed Manchuria now, so
In the next generation northern China will
pass under Russian control and Japan will
be left a hive of Industry, but without an
imperial future. "Boshldo," the "soldiers'
way," la the favorite principle and motto
of Japan and Its leaders. It looks to great
risks, an Intrepid readiness to face bdds
and a cheerful willingness to meet death
rather than live Inglorious oays.
Japan seethes today with high-strung en
thusiasm and a fanatic (atrlotlsm over the
prospect. If war comes, the real prise will
not be Corea on one side or Manchuria on
the other, but tbe right to dominate, direct
and control the future of China the world's
one great price of empire today.
President Loubet of France attributes his
good health to taking long walks every
pleasant morning between and 8 o'clock
about the streets of Paris.
President Roosevelt has had a mountain
ridge in Alaska rained for him, Roosevelt
ridge. The ridge was recently explored and
christened by Dr. Frederick A. Cook.
Otto Zwelgelenstelnestopper was under
atrest In Fredonla, Kan., for aasulttng his
father-in-law, W. D. Chrlstman, and the
county attorney concluded It would be
easier to . Cusmlss tbe case than pro
With the experience of his Illustrious pre
decessor fresh In mind. President Corey of
the Steel corporation Is not likely to at
tempt to break "the bank at Monte Carlo"
during his trip abroad.
John P. Jones, former senator of Nevada,
expects to divide the remainder of his days
about equally between the Pacific coast.
New York and Washington. The only man
now in the senate who was sworn In. when
he was, In 1$73, is Mr. Allison.
According to Secretary of Agriculture
Wilson, Sir Thomas Upton buys horses
and pigs In Chicago, shipping the horses
to Ireland (where he trains them and sells
them In England as Irish jumpers,"
while he selects the thin pigs and cans
them as "Irish bacon," which he also sells
in England at 'a big profit. If Sir Thomas
(f We have
our stock that are marked very
low to olose out, and we expect them to
go quick. How is your boys' stock of
J"..2.50, 3.50 5.00
That trers $5.00 and vp to $SM.
Children's double breasted 2- PT CA (S T C
piece suits, sizes 8. 9, tO yrs tJ 4'
Thut u rJ $5.00 und up to $7.50.
Juvenile Reefers and Over- ffT "l CA o TC
coats, for J.JU stL vp
That told for $5.00 ami up to $3.50.
Boys' Tweed Reefers, sizes 13 and 14 only, Art
$3.BO value, marked down to I.UU
AU Jioyt' Overcoat are marltd down.
An odd lot of Boys' Shirt Walst3. $1 value, for. ...25a
Girl's Wool Tarn, COo value, now 29e
Stocking Caps, COc value, now 25a
No Clothlnjr Fits Llk Our.
groWnirv2- Kin2- (
11. S. WILCOX, Mgr.
were not an Irishman he would be a
Sergesnt John Martin, the only survivor
of General Custer's regiment engaged In
the battle of the Big Horn In 187 has just
been placed on the retired lint of the Army,
Two hundred and seventy-seven of his
companions were killed during the engage
ment, Mr. O. M. King, superintendent of the
Baltimore A Ohio railroad shops In Mar
tlnsburg, W. Vs., was last week
placed on the retired list of employes of
the road, after having served that com
pany continuously for fifty years and five
It Is said that Benator Quay's recent
more or less serious Illness may be traoed
to his great fondness for sauerkraut, in
which plebeian dainty he had been Indulg
ing freely. So far as this dish Is concerned
the senator "loves not wisely, but too well,"
but his physlc'sn soon put him to rights.
Nicholas Browse Trlnt of New Orleans,
who died of heart disease last week, was
the highest recognised authority In this
country on the game of whist. He served
In the confederate army under General
Kirby Smith, practiced law subsequently
and was raised to an honorable position on
the local bench.
"Gentlemen," said the Impassioned ora-
wr, "i cannot .eu a no.
"Then what nr., vnl I H n! n cr In VM.1tft
Interrupted a man In tho andience. Chi
No man ever got rlrh hy his own efforts
who made It his hnblt to lie abed till 8
o'clock In the morning before he was 40
years old. Somervlllo Journal.
Wealthy American Father-ln-I,w 1,00k
here, count, I'm getting tired of paying
Count Boylon de Bakkovlsnek So soon?
Bare, you haf not paid se half of se dibts
yet! Chicago Tribune.
"Goodness! How those two men are
swearing at each other."
"Yes, It's pretty fierce."
"What's the matter vlth them?"
"They're arguing about '.heir rapeotlve
religious beliefs." Philadelphia Catillo
Emellne Sarah and I can hardly under
stand each other over the telephone.
Edgar Well, talk one at a time. Detroit
"This Is one of the hardest winters we
have ever had," said the man who de
lights In comparisons.
"Yes," answered the consoling cltlsen.
' But wait till the thaw. It will be softer
then." Washington Star.
Towns Better leok out for this fellow In
the automobile, or he'll run you down.
Browne Who Is It?
Towne Bill I.lttle, In his new machine.
He's Just learning to run It.
Browne Ah 1 that bears out the old say
ing: "A little learning Is a dangerous
thing." Philadelphia Press.
A lady appealed to the Gov.
fihe tald that her husband kept shov.
"I'm a street car conductor,"
Bald the husband; "instructer her
That It's hublt I keep right on lov."
THE KORSK 5f GHT1KQALE,
'W. F. Kirk In Milwaukee Sentinel.
A gewter dar ban, and he luv nice gurl
(Yust lak yu and myself,)
He calling her "ewoetheart" and "preclouu
But yeel She sknl giving him awful whirl,
And make him spend money lak duke or
(Tuat lak yu and myself).
Oh, the panga ve blow &nd tho debts ve
Yerusalem, It ban hal!
Ve drank from every teng but town pump,
Till creditors get us op a stump, '
And den ay tet yu ve have to yump!
Ay tnk it Mit pay wery val.
DIs failor he also lak po5-r game
Yust lak yu and myself.)
He tenk dat he ban qvlte a foxy player.
He try to max Diun ana stay on snort pair.
But Ten he get tru he ban having gray hair,
iy hair, ,
(Yust lak yu and myself).
He lak to stay op till rasters crow,
And r.-llkman ban axtlna around.
He lak to go home yust lak spinning top.
And having iong argument vim oig cop,
And land on the bed vith gude heavy flop
Ay bet yu he sleep purty sound!
A geexer dar ban, and he lak to sport
(Yust lak yu and myself.)
He call himself torobred, svift, and cool
Vine and vomen, poker tnd pool
But some fallers call blm a fat damn fule-
(Yust lak yu and myself)!
between "very nesr right" and "exactly
right" In GLASSIES is tho difference be
tween failure and success. You get "ex
actly light" Glasses when you come to us
ar.J we guarantee It-
J. C. HUTESON & CO.,
aa s. nth st, paxton block.
several odd lines in
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