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The Omaha Daily Bee.
ESTABLISHED JUNE TONE MOkiCCIFIC . '. Dispatch! from Eu Peters l, ,;cata reaceiui oeuioment or ! 1 V BEAR CAN WEIL AFFORD TO BIDE ITS ,IE Future Will Saralr Gto it Tminatirr " HU""J w " "VU1U,IU,I Inflnenoe in Manchuria. FRENCH AND BRITISH DIPLOMATS BUSY Oct Exerting Peaceful Iaflnenos at Et Peteribaig and 0:her at Tokio. ERROR CAUSES SPASM IN RUSSIAN PRESS Mistaking Hans af Philippine far C'ereaa Part Where American Fleet la tba Occasioa, for aa Outbreak. LONDON". Jan. SO. I. ,rd Lansdowne's re ception at the Foreia-r. offloe today was at tended by a'jioet ail the ambaasadurs and ministers 'a London. At the end of the re- ception '09 Associated Press was Informed that l.e situation looked, perhaps, slightly more hopeful, but as the Russian reply ap parently Is not yet drafted no definite state- men . could safely be made. T'-e Foreign oitfue has reason to believe. Von ever, that Russia Is willing to concede practically all Japan's demands, but that It cannot see Its way to make a treaty with Japan recognising In black and white China's sovereignty over Manchuria. Russia has approached debet to urge Japan to forego this stipulation and to accept In lieu thereof the assurances to the sama end al ready given to the other powers. It Is pointed out at the Foreign office that Great Britain, being such an Interested party. Is In a difficult position and can scarcely recommend aimh a pmim In It 11v fy moment the situation rests there. Whether or not Japan will Insist to the bitter end on a treaty recognizing Chinese sovereignty over Manchuria the Foreign office does not yet know. It thinks the Jn pane? "themselves will not decide until aftor the delivery of the Russian reply, which Is scarcely expected until next week. Great Br Main has not yet taken steps to appoint consuls at Mukden and Antuag A dispatch to the Pnll Mall Gasette from Berlin declares that the correspondent Is In a position to announce positively that It has been decided at Bt. Petersburg that Jipan's wishes shall be met In such a way an to secure the maintenance of peace. The dispatch adds that the only question Is whether Russia "shall declare her de cision to Japan alone or to all the powers Interested In the far eastern question. Test Mora Pacific. LONDON. Jan. II. All the special dls- patches from St Petersburg this mo.nlng re fleet the more peaceful feeling which prevails there. Little change, however. Is to be observed In the dispatches from Toklo. which represent the situation as un- changed. I The Bt Petersburg correspondent of the I Daily Teiegrapk says Jl-at learn that the dispatches of the Rnsalan viceroy, I Alexleff. now Incline toward efforts for a dlplomatlo settlement on the ground that war should check the natural course of events which must promote Russian asplra- tlons In the far east. The correspondent argues that the key to the problem Is the army ana not tne navy ana mat no artifi cial barriers can alone prevent Russia from playing a predominant role In the far east. Russia's main strength Ilea In Its land forces, the correspondent concludes, which are not yet sufficiently In evidence. Cabling from Toklo the correspondent of the Standard says the privy council has approved an urgent ordinance empowering I the commanders of admiralty stations to prevent foreign warships, by force if neces- sary. from entering certain ports In times of emergency. The Toklo correspondent of the Dally Telegraph declares the privy council at th meeting today discussed a proposal I to Issue an order In the event of war en- acting a state ot selge In certain places outside of Japan and a blockade. To morrow's Issue ot the Jljl Ehlmpo, th Telegraph's correspondent continues, will contain a story of the negotiations, accord Ins; to which the first Russo-Japanese dl rgenoe was hinted at In a meeting of th council held June 23, 190. This story re lates to the succeeding negotiations until October SO, when Japan wired Its pro positi to St Petersburg. For forty days thenceforward Russia, hurried on war preparations, Japan meanwhile remaining qulea-sent and awaiting an answer. Japan Prepares for War. Japan' nots proposed that either power be entitled to send police or troops for th protection of th railways In either Curse or Manchuria In case of emergency, but that they must be withdrawn directly order was restored. The Russian reply, dated December 11, was overbearing and uncompromising; It excluded Manchuria and proposed that all territory north of th thirty-ninth degree of lattltude should be neutral. Japan thereupon commenced Its preparations and on December SS It presented a note to Russia which, with aooie minor clause made the following de- manda: , Both powers shall endeavor to preserve th territorial Integrity of Coree and Man- cburla; both shall recognise the special F..nrMdnr. f .ithw in rnr.m - rS,i provided the open door policy be respected. Japan also refused the neutral proptaal and counter proposed a neutral sons of twenty-five kilometre on both sides of the Corean border. Ruasla In Its note f January Insisted on Its neutral seme, but vaguely hinted Its Intention to respect Japan's right. In Man- cnuna. to mis note 'span replied en Jan- vary IS reaffirming Its demands. The Telegraph's correspondent concludes Ills dispatch with these words: Therefore, unless Russia yields, a dlplomatlo rupture la certain. Russia' answer is expected to morrow. Pistols for Peddlers. SEOUL, Jan. XL The emperor of Corea has ordered that 700 revolvers and dubs be distributed to the "pedlars, " who are nom inally secret polloa and a dangerous: ele ment Many Ovrean are leaving Boo lit fearing trouble, Heaa la Teaselta Praaee, PARIS. Jan. . There la strong reason to' believe that exchanges of eommualoa tlo'ns are now going on between Franee aad Russia concerning the position Russia will finally adopt In response to the last Jap anese nota. Long conferences between For-1 e!gn Minister Ueicasae and M. N Udo OT, ike Rusntan ambassador, are being bald almost dally. Prior to those Russia bad cot con sulted France, and M. NelldoS went to Cannes for an extended stay, telling his plomatic colleagues that ho happily ha-1 no part In the Russo-Japanese negotia tions. Following the presentation ef Japan's iCututtoued. fca 1871. GERMANS enthusiastic Emperor aad Others Take Mark la tercet la Esposttloa at St. Louis. BERLIN, Jan. 20. The budget commu te of the Reichstag; today approved the' additional appropriation of trO.OOO for the Oerman exhibit at the Bt. Louis exposl- 'i0"' ",ak,n to,l of R8-ow- .Th Pru"- slan finance minister Included MO.000 more for the exhibit of Prussia at Bt. Louis, or total of 113.000. In the budget Just sub mitted to the Diet. The Prussian ap preciations are largely for the educational exhibit. The Imperial appropriation will generally broaden out Germany's repre- rntation. Herr Lewald, the Imperial German com missioner to the Bt. Louis exposition, talked with Emperor William Friday, when the commissioner, the emperor and the empress visited the Hohensollern hall of the industrial arts exhibition and saw the selections from the Imperial palaces and the new decorative work done for the re ception rooms of the German building, assembled there for shipment to St. Louis. rneir majesties are aescnnea as naving been enthusiastic over the artistic merit of the new work and the copies of paint ings In the Berlin. Potsdam and Charlot- tenburg palaces, and antique furniture selected from palaces In and near Berlin, wnrcn wl" a1 ln" reception roome ui w. Oannan building the appearance of an old German castle. PANAMA AGITATES FRANCE tome Parisians Would Have French Government Take Han la the Aaralr. PARIS, Jan. to. Following the address of Oeorge Tblebaud yesterday evening at the meeting of representative of all the republics of Latin America, against Amor loan control of the Panama canal, some unrepresentative newspapers are seeking to have the French Parliament take up the Panama question. The Patrie gives sensational prominence to a series of questions which, It says, will be propounded in the Chamber of Deputies to the ministers cf Justice and foreign af fairs. These questions seek to Impute Ir regularity In the transfer of the old canal company to the new company and criticise Foreign Minister Delcaaee for not sending warships to Panama when the revolution occurred. The government officials say the agitation Is not Important, as It represents the views of a small, disgruntled element. EMPRESS HAS VARICOSE VEINS Consort of German Emperor Confined to Her Boons by Severe Illness. BERLIN, Jan. SO. Empress Augusta Vic torla has varicose veins in one of her legs and la obliged to keep it extended on a cushion. The exclusion of ladles from to- night s drawing room because of the em press' Indisposition has caused Intense dis appointment on the part of many women of distinction, who have come from the provinces or other countries for presenta- tion. Usually only one drawing room Is held .each, season at tire oourt ana jt is uncertain now whether there will be any mis winter to wnicn laaies win do uiviwa. The empress physicians think She proo- ably will be able to attend tne court cans. tour of which will be given In February, PR MCE HENRY FAVORS BULLLT Tells Soldiers Boand for Sontb Africa to Make Each One Effective. BERLIN, Jan. 20. It Is expected at Wll- helmhaven that Emperor 'William will be present at the departure of the German expedition to southwest Africa, which sails tomorrow. Prince Henry of Prussia re- viewed the departing battalion today. In exhorting the men to be faithful to their ag and country, the prince said: "Germany expecta every bullet to do Its duty, t1 R.estae: todav arroved the final reading of the bills providing supple mentary funds to suppress the uprising. Pope Adds to His Dot lea, ROMS. Jan. 80. The pope has Issued a personal order transferring the election of bishops who do not depend on the propa ganda from the special commission of car dinals to the holy offices, of which the pope 1 prefect . BISHOP PREDICTS NO WAR Head of Chnrck la Pastas Says Colombians Are Weary of Expense. I NEW TORK. Jan. JO. Strong Indications I that there will be no war between Colombia I and Panama have been observed by Bishop I Jungulto, who has Just returned from I Cartagena and Barranqullla, cables the I Panama correspondent ot the Herald. I The bishop declares that many ot the soldiers who went to the front along th Panama border have returned In 111 health, The hospitals are reported crowded and I discontent was expressed everywhere. The people In the cities are anxious to be rid of the burden Imposed on them by paying th army and all the officials on L , . . ,, , , o' basis, as they have received no 1 gold from Bogota and the drain Is greater I than they are willing to stand. I Th government Junta here ha letters from Bocaa del Toro and other points I showing that there has been no further ad- Vance of the Colombian army. WARRANT OUT FOR FORESTER Issned for Mtsslag Grand Commander ot Knights Templars oa Charge of Violation ot Trnst. NEW TORK. Jan. . Peter Forester. former grand commander of the Knights Templar of this state, who has been miss ing since last September, was charged with not having accounted for a trust fund of ta&,too In a warrant ths existence ot which oome out today at a hearing of the matter of the estate of Lbolnda Daugharrty, who died September 1, U. The warrant for Forester was obtained by one of ttt heirs last November. LABORATORY BY SUBSCRIPTION Sack Plaa Proposed by Caieaero Pay airless Against to-Celled Irata Trasl.- CTIICAOO. Jan. aL-PubBc subscriptions may be asked to establish a laboratory tor the manufacture ot aoU-toxlne. Boyoot tlr,g the products of the firms said to have formed a pool Is also talked of. Both plans will be discussed at a meeting r be CU- cage MediraJ mmUAj tonight, , 19, OMAHA, THURSDAY STARTS STRIKE AT ST. LOUIS Eight Hundred Hack and Carriage Driven kit Now Idle. ASK SHORTER HOURS AND BETTER PAY Chief of Police and Union Leader Unite la Saying that He Phys ical Force Shall Be Used. BT. LOUTS, Jan. 80. Pursuant to a meet ing held late last night by the Interna tional Brotherhood of Teamsters, 900 hack and earrings drivers went on a strike today to enforce their demands for S12.50 a week pay, a twelve-hour day, 25 cents an hour for overtime and recognition of the union. A small proportion of the men are work ing In East Bt. Louts. The strike Is di rected against the Bt. Louis Liverymen's and Undertakers' association. Officials of the Ctlsens' Industrial association, which Supports the liverymen and undertakers In their stand taken against their employes, declare that any attempt of the strikers to Interfere with funerals will be promptly suppressed, even If the mllltla has to be called out. Representatives of the unions declare that the strike management will countenance no violence. William Relnolds, however, business agent of the union, adds that the union controls 30 Independent carriages and eight hearses and that with these "they propose to oonduct whatever funerals may be necessary during the strike." Mr. Relnolds said: "There will be no repetition of ths Chicago troubles here, and the first union man caught violating his instructions from the strike committee will be disciplined. Mr. Relnolds announced that the strikers will have financial back ing to the amount f I26O.O0O from the In ternational Brotherhood of Teamsters, and says that fSO.000 will bt at th Immediate disposal cf the strikers, S3 that the strike cannot possibly cause any hardship among the labor unions. Governor Dockery talked with Chief of Police Ktely over the telephone today In regard to the strike situation. The gov ernor urged the chief to tak every precau tion to protect funerals from Interference. "I have given especial orders to the police captains to watch funeral processions,' sold the chief, "and to prevent trouble at all costs. There will be no half way meas urea and no half way treatment of those who ahould attempt to Interfere." Amends Its Organic Low. CINCINNATI. Jan. 20. The convention of the Boot and Shoe Workers' Interna tional union today was addressed by O. P. Darth, organixer of the International Union of Flour and Cereal Mill Employes for a si stance In the Washburn boycott at Min nea polls. President Tobln was directed to send a telegram to President John Mitchell at Indianapolis thanking the United Mine Workers for their support of the union tamp on boots aad shoes. It was decided that the new reinstate ment fees and all other constitutional amendments would be effective March L Constitutional amendments were adopted making members of cutters, trimmers, edge makers and other ndeporaent unices In eligible to local, or general offices or aa delegates to cor.veni.lons of the Boot and Bhoe Workers' unions, making the penalty tGO for any union worker making any In dividual contract; for a change In the Bhoe Workers' Journal so as to give more news of special Interest to the union; for a plu rality Instead of a majority In electing of ficers and members of general executive board, and changing the time of general elections from June to July and la looals from October to September. The committee on resolutions reported In structions to the three delegates to go to St Louis Monday, February 1. Elmer Robinson of Lynn at once declined to serve on the committee with his hands thus tied, with "less power than a messenger." President Tobin opposed the Instructions and asked that the committee be asked to follow the policy aa outlined In th conven tion proceedings. A long discussion on the 8t Louis controversy followed. The report of the committee on resolu tions was rejected and the special com mittee which goes to Bt Louis was left without Instructions. A resolution was adopted unanimously Instructing the gen eral officers, executive board and organizers In the St. Louts controversy. Resolutions were adopted fixing the conditions for the changes from one branch of the trade to another, regulating the custody of the union stamp, for an organiser In Canada, prohibiting any serving on auditing com mittees who receive money from the gen eral officers and refusing the use of the union label to any factory whose owners also have contracts for prison labor. Tables Many Resolutions. INDIANAPOLIS, Jan. 30 At the opening of ths United Mine Workers' convention today resolutions offered by delegates were read. One aimed at Ohio and Pennsylvania operators who run nonunion mines in West Virginia, which prohibited any state or dis trict from signing a wag scale with such operators, was tabled, as was another resolution from an Iowa delegate providing that all earnings of miners of over $3.60 per day be turned Into a general fund. A shot- flrer's resolution was adopted. The miners' scale committee, which will formulate the demands of the miners of Indiana, Ohio, Illinois and western Penn sylvania, has elected Thomas Reynolds of Illinois chairman. Indications are that a demand will be made for a hortsontal tn crease In wages of 10 per cent In the centra competitive districts The Leavenworth (Kan.) local Introduced a socialistic resolution so strong that It was received as a Joke. It provided for miners owning coal mines and railroads, forming a political party, with the union label under the emblem, and .other features of a like kind. It was laughed down. The credentials committee announced that It would not be able to report today and the convention adjourned until tomorrow. ARRESTED FOR KILLING CHILD Mew Jersey Mother Is Believed to Have Decapitated Son While lasaae. PATERSON. N. J-. Jan. . Mrs. Arthur Oswald was arrested today on the charge of murdering her t-year-old eon at her home In Oakland. She is believed to be Insane.. The tragedy was discovered by the wo man's husband whea be returned borne late last bight As he entered the dining room he was horrified to see the beadltas body of his a-year-ald son lying on the floor. The bead lay Bear the boy's feet Nearby lay the body of bis 'pet dog. which also bad been beheaded, Oswald found hie wife lying la bed with bar young baby In her arms. She was singing softly to the In fant Near the bed' her two other chil dren lay sleeping In a crib. The woman did not recognise bar husband aor aeaos to andsntapd what was said to krr. MOUSING, JANUAIJY 21, SCHWAB BEARSj)LIVE BRANCH Offers lo Surrender Hold .oa Beth- lehem Plant to fttrst Mort gage Bondholders. NEW TORK. Jan. a.Charps M. Schwab has made to the four urst mortgage bond holders who are pressing the action for a permanent receivership tor ths United States Shipbuilding company what Is tantamount says the Times, to an offer releasing his hold on the Bethlehem Steel property. The offer came as th result of a con ference of three hours duration In Mr. Schwab's office. It was not, however, ac cepted, nor did the conditions under which H was discussed later by William Nelson Tromwell, counsel for the Bheldon reorgan ization committee, aad Samuel Unter mycr, at the former's residence, admit of what might be called 4 definite proposition for the reorganization 'of the Shipbuilding company. j The conference, it is understood, had to do with a tentative plan by which the second mortgage bonds, to the extent of tlO.000,000, which Mr .Schwab holds as the purchase price of his Bethlehem properties, and the 16.000.000 of .general first mort gage bonds ef the entire Shipbuilding company would be placed on an equal basts. This, It Is understood. Is not and will not be acceptable to the four first mortgage bondholders backing the Conklln suit, who believe that despite the fact that Mr. Schwab's bonds are a first mortgage on the Bethlehem plant by reason of the terms of the deal Incorporating It ss one cf the constituent properties ot the ship combination, their holdings and the hold ings of every first mortgage bondholder ought to go ahead of the Schwab bonds In any settlement There the matter stands at present, with the prospect It Is stated, of an amended offer and a resumption of conferences looking to some kind of an agreement to end the long drawn out con troversy. s j MAY WHEAT HASNEW RECORD Reaches High Mark and Surprises Spectators by Its I'naanal Performance. I, CHICAOO, Jan. 20. May wheat touched a new high mark a2ti0924 cents today, a net gain for the day of 24 cents, and 16 cents higher than the average price last fall. The local wheat situation as regards prices is highly artificial, as In shown by the character of the trade, which caused so sharp a gain In prices. Armour & Co. Is credited with a long line of 15,000, 000 bushels contracted for May delivery, local contract stocks approximating only 2,000,000 bushels. This comparison, which agitated shorts yesterday, stirred them to excited activity today, but the best they could do for the most part was to shift the burden among themselves. ' Nothing that looked like Ar mour selling could be dlstlguished. On the other hand considerable commercial buy ing was credited to the paramount Interest Private mesasges received here today Indi cate that a considerable quantity of the short wheat on the Armour books was put out by eastern people. May corn and May oats, which Is gen eral! thought to beci.ety centralised, ateo advanced sharply today. DEFENSE OUTLINES ITS CASE la Becbtrl Trial It Will Endeavor to Explain t'irenmstanees Which Incriminate. e A LLKNTOWN, Pa., Jan. 10. In opposing motion by the defendant's counsel today for a dismissal of the 'Indictment against Mrs. Catharine Bechtel on the ground of the lack of evidence. District Attorney Llchtenwalner stated that although the commonwealth's case rested entirely upon circumstantial evidence. It was of sufficient strength to warrant the placing ot the In dictments before a Jury. "The theory of the commonwealth," he said, "Is that Thomas Bechtel was the principal felon. We believe that he com mitted the crime, and after Its commission was shielded by Mrs. Catharine Bechtel Attorney Schaadt said, in opening for the defense, that they would prove that the alleged blood spots were nothing more than tobacco stains; that the lather's hatchet, which the state produced aa the weapon with which Mabel Bechtel was killed, had been broken In a mill last sum mer, and that Mabel Bechtel was seen alive on Monday, the day before her death. RAIN STORM STOPS THE CARS Chicago Elevated- Tralas Are Delayed by Short Circuit Which Threat ened Life, LMiiAuo, jan. m.ab tne result of a rainstorm train, service on the South Bide Elevated railroad was paralysed for nearly two hours today, endangering life and discommoding thousands ot passengers. Rain, snaking the wood superstructure of the road, caused the moisture to com municate to a defective third rail support near a network of switches. The electric current deserted the car motors and flowed through tho iron work of the structure to the ground. The entire structure for a considerable distance was electrified and menaced the safety of horses and men below, until the current was shut off at the' power house, Trains on tne roaa were crowded. Pas sengers on the stalled trains, after waiting for some time for signs ot life In the motors, took surface lines and reached their work down town after long delay. CADETS WAY BE REINSTATED Candidates Dismissed from Aananolla Kaval Academy Receive Cheering Kews from Senator Foraker. SPRINGFIELD. O., Jan. . The three cadets dismissed from the Annapolis Nava academy for haslng will. In all probability be reinstated. Con-m an dan t Brownson hav lng agreed to the introduction of a bill In congress for the purpose. One of the cadets la Joseph Little, jr., of this city. The news has just been communicated to the boy's father by Senator J. B. Foraker. BURY THEIR DIFFERENCES ere laterested la I'tak Lake Finally Reaek an Agreement on tko Reservoir Question. SALT LAKH CITY. Jan. 30. As the re sult of notion taken today at a l meeting of farmers of the Bait Lake valley and stockholders of various Irrigating com pontes using water from Utah lake, the government project for the use of that body of water as a great reservoir will soon be under way. The lake reservoir will bring ' under cultivation 600.00 acres of desert land la tbe Great Gait Lag valley. 1004 TEN PAGES. MOVEMENTS ON RIVER Armj Enginetrs Urg Appropriation to Ooatinn Work of Snagging. DELEGATION ASKS FOR FIVE s MILLION Money to Be Used In Improving Navi gation and Preventing Inroads of the Stream on Land Along Its Banks. (From a Staff Correspondent.) WASHINGTON, Jan. 20-(Speclal Tele- gram.) General Oliver, acting secretary f war, today transmitted to congress a letter from the chief of engineers with a re port of Captain Chittenden on an ex- mlnatlon of the Missouri river from Sioux City to the mouth of that river, also nt and near Herman, West Glasgow, Wll holte Bend, Lexington and St. Joseph. The several reports briefly summarise the con dition of tho Missouri river between Ploux City and Its mouth and the recommenda tion of the board of engineers assigned to the river and harbor Investigations of the War department Is that It Is advtsnble to provide for snagging operations by means of a permanent appropriation of tt.onO annually, but the amount aballable for each of the next two years should be 150,000; that navigation cannot be secured t reasonable cost by means of dredging; hat no Improvements are necessary for navigation or advisable at and near West Glasgow, WUholta Bend, Lexington or St. Joseph. Ira-e River Improvement. Henry T. Clarke' of Omaha, F. W. Max well of SI. Joseph, C. B. Sebastian of Columbia, Mo., Senator Millard, Repre sentatives Hitchcock. McCarthy, Ulnshaw, Klnkaid, Norrls and Walter I. Smith, ap peared before the house committee on rivers and harbors this morning for the purpose of securing an appropriation of $6,000,000 for improving the Missouri river and keeping its waters within bounds, and at the same time making It navigable from Sioux City to Its mouth. Mr. Clark made th presentation speech and was followed by Congressmen Smith and Hitch cock. They will have another hearing to morrow. Talks of Mississippi River. A delegation headed by Governor Van Sant of Minnesota, representing the Upper Mississippi River Improvement associa tion, called on the president today to en list his interest and his support for the project to Improve the upper Mississippi for the benefit of the northwestern section of the United States. The pr ctdent assured them he would lend them all the assistance In his power. For a National Park. Representative Martin's bill, providing for the creation of a national park of lands surrounding Battle Mountain sani tarium was ordered favorably reported by the committee on publlo lands, also his bill prohibiting the selection as lieu lands of lands chiefly valuable for the timber thereon, was ordered to receive a favorable report Ths latter hill attempts to further safeguard and protect the forest lands of th country. . Lieutenant Colonel Muhlenberg, U. 8. A., chief paymaster of the Department of the Missouri, is In Washington on a short visit Miss Taylor, Miss Philllppl, daughter of O. Phtlllppl, snd Miss Carpenter, daugh ter of Isaac Carpenter, of Omaha are in Washington. The report on the Burke bill cpenlng the Roeebud reservation has been prepared and will be submitted to the full committee to morrow. While, of course, the matter of the price was an Important factor, the principal question is whether congress has the right or whether it should legislate to dispose ef Indian lands without the con sent of the Indians and whether It would be proper to pass this bill without provid ing for submitting It to the Indians for ratification and approval In accordance with existing treaty stipulations. As to the power of congress to so legislate there can be no question. That congress has heretofore so legislated is established by the passage of a bill ratifying and amend ing a treaty with the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache tribes In Oklahoma. Objection was raised against the bill because It was not signed by two-thirds of the adult male Indians of the tribe, as provided by treaty stipulations. The bill, however, was en acted Into law and subsequently the va lidity of ths law and the right of congress to legislate without the consent of the In dians was decided In the supreme court In favor of the government. At the request of Senator Gamble Super intendent Pierce of the Haskell Institute has been authorized by the Indian com missioner to allow ithe return of Louise K. Colombe, daughter of John Colombo of the Rosebud reservation, to her home at Rose bud. These rural carriers were appointed for Iowa routes: Ely, regular. Martin D. Venormy; substitute, Frank Novotny. Edgewood, regulars. Job A. Combs, Harry H. Masters; substitutes, Mildred Combs, Will Gilchrist. Peterson, regular, Charles H. Lynde; substitute, John H. Snyder. Changes In the Army. Many Important changes will occur In the army during the next few days result ing from the retirement of Lieutenant Gen eral Toung and the promotion of Major General Chaffee to be a lieutenant general. Major General William A. Kobbe and Brig adier General Alfred Mordecal were retired today and Major Generals Joseph P. Sanger and Alfred A. Bates and Brigadier Generals Harry L. Haskell, F. L. Hath away and Frank Coxs will follow them on Friday. Brigadier Oeneral Francis B. Dodge will become paymaster general. Major Gen' era! Wallace F. Randolph will retire and General Oeorge L. Gissespl will become a permanent major general and assistant of the general staff, whlls Brigadier Gen eral Alexander McKensle will become chlef ot engineers, unguuier uenerai jonn r. Story will succeed General Randolph aa chief of the artillery. Colonels C. Tyler, artillery corps; John G. Butler, Ordnance department Jacob Kline. Twenty-first Infantry; Wtl'.lan E. Dougherty, Eighth Infantry; Charles J. Allen, corps of engineers, and Theodore E. True, deputy quartermaster general. will be made brigadier generals and retired at once. Colonel William S. McCaskey, who has bee a confirmed as a permanent brigadier general, will be relieved from duty in the Philippines and ordered to command one of the vacant military departments, prob ably, ths Department of Dakota. The con firm tion of Colonel Albert Mills as a per manent brigadier general probably will not change his present duty as superintend nt of the military academy. Veeaela Agroaad at slesr Tork. NEW TORK. Jan. SO. The steamship California, outward bound, lor Marseilles ard (Wd'A, Is hard aground on the- tut ski ot the main shto channel near South- saat Holt. It la beUeved that it was turued Arouiid ey a baavy nava e vm ice. SINGLE NEBRASKA WEATHER FORECAST Fair Thnrsday and Frtdayl Wnrmer Friday. Temperatare nt Omaha Teaterdart Hoar, Deg. Hour. Dec. 8 a. m 1 1 p. m " a. m 1st il p. m ll T a. m 17 a l. m IT H n. m 1T 4 p. m ! 0 a. m.....'. 10 R p. m ...... If SO a. m IB O p. m 1-1 It a. m SS T p. m Sl Vi m ltt M p. m Sl V p. m Sv COLD WAVE LOOKS PROMISING Storm Is General, Conditions Unset tled and Tempcrataro Drop ping Everywhere. Some one. It may have been Billy Pat terson or Henry Watterson or someone else, has said that "one touch of winter makes the whole town shiver." With the gen eral weather conditions reported as un settled and the local temperature 10 de grees lower last night than the night be fore, It may not be amiss to take a peep at the coal bins and otherwise fortify against the rigors of a cold snap. Severe weather is reported from the Mis souri river and eastward, with sleet and snow to central Iowa and considerable rain lit eastern Iowa for this time of the year. A fall of temperature is noted In this ter ritory. The general conditions in the centrsl valleys and over the lake regions are un settled. A thunder storm followed by a fall In temperature occurred at Oklahoma City yesterday. The coldest weather reported to Weather Forecaster Welsh last evening was 10 below at Bismarck, N. D. There was considerable sleet and snow In the western territory yesterday with In dications of clearing up. Oat la the State. NEBRASKA CITY, Neb.. Jan. 20. (Spe cial.) A heavy sleet fell here last night and today the ground Is covered, making sleighing possible for the first time this winter. NORFOLK, Neb., Jan. 30. (Special.) A frigid blast dropped down upon northern Nebraska this morning. The mercury fell twenty-one degrees. GENEVA. Neb., Jan. 10 (Special.) This morning at about 4 o'clock a heavy storm of sleet fell, covering everything, the mer cury falling gradually. MASCOT, Neb., Jan. . (Speclal.)-A light snow, the first of the season, began fulling this morning at 8 o'clock and the weather has turned somewhat colder. Win tor wheat In this section of the country Is In poor condition owing to ths lack of moisture all tall and winter, and unless the ground Is soon given a good coating of snow much of the winter grain will doubtless have to be plowed up In the spring. Pasture has been unusually good all season and In most cases live stock has gone without shelter. DEFENDS GOVERNOR PEABODY Halted States Coart Holds that It Has ' JTe Jurisdiction la the Strike Cases. DENVER, Jan. &.-Judge Moses Hallet of the-United States . district court here today, in considering the Sherman Parker habeas corpus case against the military authorities of Colorado, announced that his court Is without jurisdiction In the matter. Parker Is a union miner of Cripple Creek, who is he id in the military bull pen without warrant In his opinion Judge Hallet says: In times of turbulence, and when there is tirobablllty of disturbance, discretion may be exerrlsed on the part of the authorities In holding prisoners wltnout nail, ana to hold them in custody until reasonable In vestigation h.is been "tnade. Tho a. vernor, as executive of the state. Is authorised und required to enforce the law, and If In doing so he finds It necessary to call out the mllltla and use the power of the seat he rhould do so. The matter of how the state should enforce the law Is not for the f,1.ra I ffnv.trnmf.rifr tn ftta.te. The sunreme court of the United States has decided that when the authorities or the state are en gaged In the execution of the laws of the tute the courts of the United States have no authority to set them aside. In concluding Judge Hallet says that the people of the state are to be congratulated In having a governor who will enforce ths law. BLAIR'S WILL IN PROBATE After Minor Bequests Testntor Leaves Residue of Property to Ills Wife Without Restriction. ST. LOUIS, Jan. 20. The will of the late James L. Blair, former general counsel of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition com pany, was filed for probate this afternoon. It Is a short document, written on one side of an ordinary page of typewriting pnper. The will was made June 30, 18X9. The first clsuse provides for the payment of funeral expenses, and all debts. In the second clause Mr. Blair bequeaths to his mother, Mrs. Frank P. Blair, a large portrait of his father. The residue of the estate Is left to his wife, free of any restrictions, the will stating that he has perfect confidence that she will properly care for Percy and Fran cis, th two son. FEIN SAYS HEWILL PEACH Convict Writes Federal Attorney thnt He Will Tell on Prominent Politicians, ST. LOUIS, Jan. to. Adolph Fein, former vice president of the Hebrew Jefferson club, now a' convict In the Missouri peni tentiary, under a sentence of five years, for complicity In the naturalisation frauds, ap peared before the federal grand jury today. Before entering the grand jury chamber Fein said: I'll tell the grand Jury who the fellows were behind thoHe frauds, and they are big fellows, too. when I was Indicted, my friends said they would come to the front for me, and I made up my mind to keep my mouth shut, but they duaerted me. I waited until December 27. Then I made up my mind that if they wouldn't come lo the front for me, the Kovernment would, so I wrote to Colonel Dyer, the United States district attorney, and told hliu I would give up everything 1 knww. MORE TR0UBLE FOR DOWIE About to Take the Steamer for Aus tralia, but Is Stopped by Small Debt U( Overdne. SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. K.-Hugh Craig. Insurance agent and former president ef the Chamber ot Cotnmirce, appealed to the courts today to recover t?S from John Alex ander Dowle. Mr. Craig la his petition claims that twelve years ago the ruler of Zlon borrowed IXTTt from htm. All of It uras returned except the amount sued for, aud that, it Is alleged. Dowle refused to pay. Dowle bad planned to sail tor Sydney tomorrow on lbo rteamer Bonos, COPY TIIIJEE CENTS. CONVENTION IN MAY Ecpnblioso S'.at Csmmitt Daoide on Eighteenth ai tbt Data. STATE TICKET TO BE NOMINATED THEN On1 One Vetirg for that Fnrpoae and Selecting Saticnal DttltrattS. ENDORSES ROOSEVELT AND WEBSTER Latter Addresses Comtnittf and Declar! Himself for Eooatralu CANDIDATE FOR SENATOR TO BE NAMED Appointment la State Convention Based on Vote for Barnes for Supreme Jadao Making Total of 1.O01. (From a Staff Correspnrdent.) LINCOLN. Jan. 20,-tSpeclal.) The state republican entries for the sen atorial succession In Nebraska are now open. The Invitation was Is sued by the action of the republican state committee at Its meeting this after r.oon when In addition to calling one state convention to assemble In Lincoln. May IK. at 2 p. m., to nominate a complete state tlvket and to select the delegates-at-large to the national convention, It also adopted a resolution recommending the nomination of a candidate for United States senator to succeed Charles H. Dietrich. The meeting was the best attended of any state committee meeting held in recent years, only three or four absentee being noted. In addition to the members' pres ent tho chairman of three congressional committees wore In attendanoe by Invita tion and quite a crowd of spectators be sides. The ball was started rolling by projecting the question whether one or two state onventlons should be called and quite an extensive discussion etaued, going Into all the various aspects of the situation. This discussion began 'In r?en session and was continued afterwards with the exclusion of the outside publlo, last ing nearly an hour. Expressions of opinion were had f-om Chairmen Munger, McCloud and Cornell ot the First Fourth and Sixth districts re spectively, ard by these members of th committee: W. J. Connell of Omaha, C. L. Richards of Hebron, W. S. Tllton of Peat rice, Joseph Koutaky of South Omaha, Byron Clark of Plattsmouth, Sns'erd Parker of Spencer, J. P. A, Black of Bloom tngton, Victor Rosswatsr of Orr.sa, 8. IL Burham and L. L. Lindsay ot Lincoln and Addison Walt of Syracuse, Argameats Advanced. On on side it was argued that two con ventions, one of them at the esr'le-st pos- -sible time, would be conducive to the suc cess of President Roosevelt for revcmlna tlon and that Nebraska should lt.d oft among tn state In declaring for Roose velt's candidacy. 'That one convention, bringing the tio-al nations ol state efflcers ahead of the national oonrentton ' wouM -iubject them to a long "ampalgn ider th fire of the enemy that the postponement of the president's Indorsement until lal might be construed that Nebraska was wa vering in Its support of him and finally that one convention would give the oi petition too much frportunlty to profit by Josr-blo mistakes, i ' ' In favor of the convention It waa rJged that everyone knew that Nebraska was for Roosevelt and th time of Its r'eclara tlon was Immaterial; that the espense of two oonvenoons was too great, and that two oonventlons would manifest lets enthu siasm than a single convention. The question of nominating a candidate for United States senator was considered In relation to both propositions pro and con. When the vote cam it was found that while there was division sentiment was about two to on In favor of tho single oonventlon aad the ether details were quickly agreed upon, although an effort was mad to have tba date mad May 4 Instead of May 18- For Naming a Senator. The resolution covering th nuttier of nominating a candidate for United States senator was offered by Byron Clark as a substitute for a motion presented ' by Oeorga W. Williams, The resolution reads) ss follows: . Whereas, There Is a general demand by the voters for a direct vote on candidates for United States senators, and, believing In the justice of such demand, therefore be It Resolved. 1. That we hereby recommend to the state convention, now called, that when convened It nominate some candidate for United States senator. 1 That we recommend to each county oonventlon that In the election of dele gates to the state convention they give sublect fair consideration. 1 That we recommend each oounty Con vention nominating Its legislative ticket be fore mttd convention Is held to pledg said , nominees to support the nominee of the stats convention for United Stales senator. If any nomination be made. For Roosevelt aad Webster. A resolution was also adopted, at th In stance of Sanford Parker, putting tfce com mittee on record In favor of Boas see It and Webster. The resolutioa as originally drawn provided for an 'enthusiastic" en dorsement and was afterward mads "en thusl&stlo and unanimous." The text U: Whereas, a date has been sgreed upon lor the state convention satisfactory to all , pe. sons concerned, now be It Rttolved. That we are enthusiastically and unanimously for Theodore Roosevelt ' for president. 1rt, last and all the lime until he Is r.ominated, and be It further -Resolved. Thai we are anthuslalJ-slly snd unaiimously for the nomination of our fellow littren, John l Webster, for Vice president. Vrbster Thanks Committee. Chairman Lindsay appointed a oommltlee consisting of Victor Rosewater, S. W. Burnham and W. K. Mors, to notify Mr. Webster and ir form him that th com ( mlttee would be pleased to listen lo hi acknowledgment Mr. Webster appeared and addressed the committee briefly, say ing: Mr. Chairman ard Members of the Re publican fte Central Committee I wish to thank you most heartily for the resolu tion which your chairman has lust read to me as having been by your body unani mously adopted. I may be permitted to taks this occasion to say that I myelf drafted the plaUorm adopted by the last republican state con vention which committed the republican party of the state of Nebraska to the re nomination of President Roosevelt I in as enthusiastically In favor of the reneml nstlon of President Roosevelt as I wag at the date when 1 arote that platform. The republican party of the slate of Ne braska Is a unit in favor of the renonnua tlon of our worthy and honorable presi dent, and is heartily In accord with his administration. It would be as Impos sible. If I may be permitted to use aa il lustration, to pluck the stars from the heavens ss to take w,e state of Nebraska away from Theodore Roosevelt. I deeply appreciate the part of the reso lution referring to myself by name. At the same time I do uot accept It entirely as a pi-isoiinl compliment to uiyself. but as nianlrtiktsiiun of a Sentiment prevailing tn the minds of the republicans of the stale t Nebraska, that titer are saUtied to aa-