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rrn omaita daily bee: tittjiisday, January 21, 1004.
tniE Omaiia Daily Bee. E. ROSE WATER. EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING. TERMS Of SUBSCRIPTION Dally Bee (without Sunday). One Tr..t( M , Wr-Ed BoaVn!..Y'":::::: U Sunday Be, One Year J'" Saturday Be. fme Year f "r Twentieth Century Farmer. One Tear.. l.W DELIVERED BY CARRIER. Dally Bee f without Sunday), per copy.. Jc Dally Pee (without Sunday), per week... 12c Dally Bee (Including Sunday), per week.lo- LXUly Bee (ineiumng Burn In nil.il XXmm rmr M1IW .. Evening Bee (without Sunday), per week 6c i . inl.iHinv HtinrlAV). ter ' J J 1 ' B " - jTQflk t VK Complaints' of' irregularity - In delivery should be addressed to City Circulation De partment. OFFICES. Omaha The Bee Building. South Omaha City Hall Building, Twen ty -fifth and M streets. Council Bluffs 10 Fearl Street Chicago 1W0 Unity Building. New York-2328 Park Row Building-. Washington 601 Fourteenth Street CORRESPONDENCE. Communication relating- to new and edi torial matter ahould be addressed : Omaha , Editorial Department. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or postal order payable to The Bee Publishing Company. Only 1-oent stamps rerelved In payment or mall aocounta. Personal checks, except on Omaha or eastern exchange, not accented. THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. BUte of Nebraska, Douglas County, a.! Oeorjre B. Txschuck, aecretary of The Bee Publishing Company, being duly worn, says that the actual number of full and "ompleta enplea of The Dally, Morning. FJvenlng and Sunday Bee printed during tha month of December, 1901, waa as fol lows: IT.. is.. It.. ooo SO,ST0 .O.0TO .31,030 .81JIT0 ..SO.eBB X n. so.noo ..80,010 ..PJOHHJ ..S1.110 ..S0.400 n ao,TTo 13 BO&BO M 81.SO0 16 81 .BOO M 81.2HO XI 28JW0 2s.: SO, TOO a ao.two SO 8S.O10 tl 83,400 T... ' l,lMt 1 2. , 80,400 ...... ST.OIO 14... soso li.- HO, TOO : si.io Total MWM '-ess unsold and returned copies.... 10,421 Net total sales 938,84 .et ararags sales 8O.Z20 QEORQE B. TZ8CHUCK. Subscribed In my presence and sworn to hefors ma this Hat day of December. A. D. 108. M. B. HUNOATB, (Seal.) Notary Publla The garbage with us. problem we still hare King Peter of Servla strikingly Illus trates the adage, "Uneasy lies the bead that wears a crown." By the time Senator Patterson hears from Colorado he may change his opin ion regarding the Panama treaty. The Nebraska farmer can look with out disfavor on gambling In the grain ilt when ft produces 80-cent wheat. The state capital has been overrun within the past forty-eight hours by swine breeders and mischief breeders. The continued balloting for senator in Maryland shows that It Is as hard for democrats to unite upon men as upon measures. According to Secretary TJtt, the Com- nerclal club is being congratulated on the opening of the Rosebud agency, but -That the Commercial club had to do with the opening Is not yet divulged. One can but wonder what fate has In Ktore for Missouri After Its unparal Icled record of unpunished bribery and political corruption comes a state Judge n-ho upholds the payment of an election bet The aggregate capitalization of Omaha public utility corporations is about v'j2,000,000, but their assessment as u g reed upon by the Board of Equalisa tion on a so-called par value basis is Vl0.57B.00a Gireat men differ on the paramount- noss or paramount issues. That may explain the variation of opinion enter tained by W. H. Ilerdman and W. X Bryan about the coming national dem ocratic platform. - . Every onoe in a while the public Is chocked by some calamity like the Iro quois theater fire or a railroad wreck causing the loss of many lives, but for n Steady turn-In of death the mines" of the country stand unrivaled. According to Madam Yale, there is no reason why a woman should grow old or ugly providing she will dress cor rectly, paint artistically and dye her hair when it gets gray. There Is the secret of secrets that can only be whispered. The Mississippi legislature had no trouble In reaching a unanimous agree ment upon the election of two United Elates senators on the first ballot Everything is foreordained without de bate in Mississippi by the dominant po litical oligarchy. The injunction mill is still grinding. The very latest is an order of court en joining the mayor and council from en tering into a contract for WeUbach gasoline lamps before giving the 32 eandle power electric light glimmers a trial in the suburbs. The bombardment of Japan and the T.ipanese by the Russian press has ilackened, but the Japs have not yet found It out and probably will remain !a blissful ignorance of the change of sentiment among the Russian press cen sort for many years to coiue. The claim that woman suffrage would eliminate corruption rrora politics re clves a severe setback through current Hspatches from Denver, where a female clerk of election has been arrested for abetting fraudulent voting. In politics human nature Is all the same. Sensationalism is receiving another Impetus through the efforts of the Dela ware preacher who asks for a public (rial on the charge of inciting the people uf WUmlngtoa to Ijni-b. a negro. Preach ers are not blind to the benefits of ad vertising and many mistake notoriety Cor I'IMIIIl , l l S. . w,,. i I .,.,.,,i Tire ori Dovtr at stasis. Although the Russian government has recently renewed Its assurance to the powers that their treaty rights In Man churia will be rexpectel, there Is still a foc-lln of doubt whether that promise wi he kopt j Ca(,e RUBBa should secure undisputed control in the Chinese r-rov- lnce. A writer on the subject expresses the opinion that Russia has not the falntrat Intention of promoting the pol icy of the open door in Manchuria, for the reason that she cannot afford It It Is pointed out that equality of commer cial opportunity means . for her mer chants and manufacturers failure to command any foreign market whatever, and a perception of this fact has fur nished the guiding principle of her com mercial policy In the far east as else where. As to the assertion that Russia Is ready and anxious to stimulate the development of foreign commerce in Manchuria, It Is shown that her policy all along in the territory under her con trol has been to discourage foreign com merce, evidence of this being in the fact that every possible obstacle has been placed In the way of American trade in the leased territory immediately under Russian Jurisdiction and that every un fair advantage which could be devised to help Russian merchants to get the better of our own has been employed without scruple or concealment The efforts of the United States have been directed solely to securing for Itself and the other commercial nations the open door for trade in China. It has succeeded In accomplishing this and the treaty rights and privileges secured will undoubtedly be insisted upon. That the Russian government fully understands this there is no reason to doubt and It Is hardly conceivable that It will make an enemy of the United States by tak ing a course in contravention of our treaty rights in Manchuria. It Is Indi cated that our convention with China is having an influence favorable to - the maintenance of peace in the far east. TRKATT WILL Bt RATITIKD. A conference of democratic senators developed the fact that while a majority of them are opposed to the Panama treaty, enough of them are favorable to make certain its ratification, though the opposition may delay a vote on it Some or inese senators are very aeiermiueu and manifest a disposition to prolong debate on the treaty, apparently with no other object than to assail the presi dent out of which they of course hope to make capital for their party, en tirely indifferent to the fact that they are giving encouragement to .the Colom bians In their antagonism to the United States. Senator Bailey of Texas de clared a few days ago: "Let us de nounce the president's defiance of the law; let us accuse him for his violation of the law of nations." That Is the spirit that actuates a majority of the senate democrats and It should be clearly understood by the country. They are putting obstruction in the way of a great enterprise, which is approved by an overwhelming majority of the Ameri can people. In the hope of being able to create popular' sentiment against Presi dent Roosevelt The amendments to the treaty made by the committee on foreign relations are said to be regarded by Secretary Ilay as unnecessary and may be pro ductive of embarrassment. It would probably be wise to ratify the treaty as it is, though it Is unlikely that the Pan ama authorities would hesitate to accept any changes or additions which the sen ate should deem to be desirable. Mean while the ratification of the treaty is as sured and the administration has nothing to fear from the attacks of its opponents in regard to this matter. LVOKIKQ TO JVC IT TURK. The democratic delegation from the state of New York will exert a .most potent influence in the national conven tion of the party, not altogether because of its numerical strength, but chiefly for the reason that, democrats generally realize the necessity of nominating a presidential candidate who will be ac ceptable to the democrats of the Empire state and can command their united sup port It Is urged that unless this be done the -party might as well not make a campaign, for without a chance of carrying New York the fight would be utterly hopeless. It Is also the opinion that a candidate who would be strong in New 'Yorjt would be pretty sure to also be strong in New Jersey and Con necticut Hence In the selection of a nominee the representatives of the Empire state democracy will have great influence and may determine who shall be the candl date. At present however, the New York democrats are not united In regard to a candidate. The leaders are not agreed upon anyone and are playing against each other. Chief among these is Charles F. Murphy, the Tammany leader, who acquired a good deal of prestige from the victory of that organ Izatlon last November. There is no definite information as to who he favors, if indeed he has settled upon anyone, but It seems to be pretty well under stood that be is not favorable to Judge rarker. Murphy naturally desires man who Is friendly to the political or ganisation of which he Is the head and Tarker hardly answers this requirement. State Senator McCarren Is another ac tive leader, who Is ssld to fuvor Tarker, yet Is not so strongly committed to him that he could not give his support to an other man believed to be available am! for the sake of harmony. Then there Is David R. IIlll, who If less a factor in New York politics than formerly still has a following and may have tp be reckoned with wheu it conies to making up the delegation to the national conven tlon and determining who It shall sup port. The Indications are that the leaders of the New York democracy are at this time favorable to the nomination for the presidency of a New York man, but they may conclude later on to support a candidate from some other state as Gorman or Olney. The ts'ew Tork cor respondent of the Philadelphia Press says that so far the new leadership in the democracy there seems to have man aged with admirable skill. The purpose has been to persuade and at Inst firmly to convince the democratic party else where that there can be no hope of the success of the democracy next fall un less there be also a belief that New York state must be of predominant Influence In the convention and in the campaign. This conviction appears to be now quite general In the east and to obtain to a considerable extent In the south, but it is not believed to have taken much of a hold In the west whose democracy is yet distrustful of the eastern wing of the party and particularly the New York portion of it ABOLISH STAR CHAMBER SSSSWRS. Not many years ago, when our Board of County Commissioners consisted of but three members, two commissioners would meet In a saloon and discuss be tween drinks measures and claims that involved the disbursement of thousands of dollars of county funds and a day or two later their conclusions would be recorded by the clerk as the action of the board of commissioners. This way of doing business became very offensive to the taxpayers and a remedy was sought by an Increase In the member ship of the board from three to five and Instead of drawing pay by the day for the time actually devoted to the dis charge of their duties the commissioners were given salaries at $1,800 per year, with the understanding that their whole time should belong to the public. With a board of five commissioners It was confidently expected that the affairs of the county would be managed In a businesslike manner and all questions involving an expenditure of county funds would be discussed in open ses sion, the same as the 'business of the municipal corporation. This expectation has not however, been realized. All Im portant matters upon which there aro Individual differences in the board are referred to the committee of the whole and discussed within closed doors. In other words, the business of the county is discussed and agreed on In star cham ber session and the taxpayers are kept in the dark concerning the attitude of the members of the board either for or against any proposition, claim or bill. unless he sees fit to register a protest in open session after the majority hag entered the decree agreed on In secret session. It Is questionable, also whether the county has gained anything by increas ing the number of commissioners and increasing their pay if the star chamber system of county government Is to be continued. There Is no valid reason why Douglas county should pay out $9,000 a year for commissioners' salaries when three men at $5 per day, holding three sessions per week, would do the busi ness for the county just as efficiently for $2,340 a year, or not exceeding $3,000 a year, including the mileage, if mileage Is to be allowed to members who travel on railroad passes. While we feel sure that the taxpayers of Douglas county do not regiird the salaries the county commissioners are now receiving as excessive, we feel sure also that the star chamber method of doing business does not meet popular approval and will not be tolerated much longer without popular remonstrance. The late George Francis Train was undoubtedly a factor In booming and ad: vertlslng Omaha, but the truth Of his tory would be perverted by crediting him with being either the projector or organizer of the Union Pacific railroad. The great transcontinental road was chartered by congress at the instance of General John Dlx, Oliver Ames, Augus tus Kountze, Thomas C. Durant and other capitalists. Mr. Train was Instru mental In helping to organize the two auxiliary corporations the Credit Fon der of America and the Union Pacific Construction company, better known-as the Credit Mobiller. The prospect of a 12-mlll levy to meet the demand of municipal government for 1004 as against a 9-mlll levy for 1003 will bring no joy to the hearts of Omaha taxpayers, especially In view of the fact that under the Howell-Gllbert charter the city Is not allowed to levy a tax for water rent and, therefore will Increase its floating debt by nearly $100,000 for 1004 as it was compelled to do for 1903. Council Bluffs has been electrified by the grant of a municipal franchise to a suburban electric tramway line that promises to connect the twin city with southwestern Iowa. If all the promises of the promoters of that scheme are fulfilled Council Bluffs will have no reason to regret Its generosity, but there is often a marked difference between 'before taking and after taking." There is no such word as fall In Omaha's unabridged dictionary. Omaha has by dint of energy and perseverance built up the second great meat-packing renter In America, and the establish ment of a grain market and the erection of great flouring and cereal mills to con vert Nebraska's wheat and corn Into flour, starch and oatmeal Is only a ques tion of time. The west half of the Council Bluffs street railway bridge Is returned for tax atlon by the Omaha city board of equal lsatlon at $125,000 par value. It is an open secret that the bridge could not be duplicated for less than half a million dollars, and we venture to guess that the west half Is bonded for double Its assessment Chicago Is one of the best theater towns In the country, and decreasing the seating capacity of the play bouses by one-half through the new public hall or Ulna nee must either result In higher ad mission prices or a marked reduction in expenses, the most apparent place for reduction being In the wage scale. Philadelphia North American. The plan of ths Nebraska democrats to send Bryan to ths senate la perfect exoept they may have difficulty, with tha legisla ture. Wisdom Coaapllaaeated. Washington Post. Senator Hanna may be pardoned for foal ing and saying that tha voters of Ohio, In their selection of senators, show a high order of Intelligence. . Hero Crop Eadajiarered. Chicago Record-Herald. A gentleman who resides In Bwltserland announces that he has Invented an electri cal contrivance which will kill off an army at a single shock. It won't do. Where would ths heroes come In? Advice In Large Baacbea. Chicago Inter Ocean. It must be borne In mind that. If Russia and Japan are following all tha advice they have received In regard to giving proper consideration to the consequences, it will be some time before they will be In a frame of mind to lose sight of the possible results. Limit of Trait Greed. Minneapolis Times. Americans aro a long-suffering people, patient under imposition and slow to anger when combines deliberately and arbitrarily rob them, but they will draw tha Una at the death trust, otherwise known as tha antl-toxlne combine. It can be whipped wherever there la a well-equipped labora tory and It should bo whipped good and plenty. Ths arbitrary Increase In ths price of this great healing and preventive agent is nothing short of corporate murder for money. Ra sala's Chief Admiral. New Orleans Times-Democrat. Admiral Alexleff rose from the ranks of the Russian navy. He first attracted at tention while in this country, a young lieu tenant without Influence and without fam ily. He had landed at San Francisco from a cruise In Alaskan waters on the battle ship Rurlck when war was Imminent be tween Russia and Great Britain over the Balkans. He at once cabled to the Russian Naval office asking permission to pur chase In this country a number of vessels to be used as commerce destroyers to prey on English commerce, and received a reply to the effect that there was not time for the deal. Alexleff telegraphed back a re spectful message to the effect that he per haps knew the situation better In America than It was known In Russia, and re ceived the necessary permission. In ten days he had purchased eight ships, and, although the war cloud soon blew over, the Incident waa the . making of Alexleff. Upon his return. o Russia he was given command of a ship and In three years he was an admiral. Now he Is vice ccar of Oreater Russia and "lord of all the lands which He between Baikal and the Pacific and which extend from the Arctic to the Yellow sea." CORPORATION PUBLICITY. Can Indastrial Managers Afford to Refaae Itf New York Evening Post. Mr. Havemeyer's assertion at the meet ing of the Sugar trust that a union of In dividuals ought not to be asked to give out Information which a partnership or an in dividual was notieampelled to make publlo caused much comment In banking circles, where - the point was made that congress would likely sjlvV the subject attention Itself If industrial managers refused reason able data. A prominent banker made the point that such .a refusal would not be tolerated by the hanks, although It might pass for a time with the general publlo. As soon as the banks were called upon for accommodation they would force the com panies to supply, them with such informa tion as borrowers were ordinarily required to give. One corporation expert declared that the new Department of Commerce could easily force industrial corporations to publish the necessary facts if It once set out to do so. He added: "Industrial companies are of two classes, of which the Standard Oil and the Sugar trust form a class by themselves. Those two concerns have become so rich and have so many friendly Influences at work among politicians that they have been able to go further than any other In dustrials in pursuing the blind-pool policy Irrespective of public opinion. But the De partment of Commerce can reach them If It once sets out to, although It might take five years of litigation before the supreme court could establish the constitutionality of tha law which gives the department a right to such Information. I think, how ever, that the commission should have been given quasi-Judicial powers, including the right to punish for contempt. But If man aged aggressively, with real honesty of purpose, the present machinery will be ade quate to supply stockholders with such In formation as the 'publlc-be-damned' type of Industrial managers now Insolently deny." WHAT A CHANGE, MY COUNTRYMEN. Effect of Bryanlsm or the Welfare of Senator Hanaav. Philadelphia Ledger (Ind.). Wednesday, at a joint session of the two houses of the Ohio legislature It was an nounced that on the 12th Inst. M. A. Hanna had been re-elected senator by the un precedented majority of 90 votes. The difference between the senator's ma jority six years ago and that ef Tuesday last is worth considering. At that earlier time that rank political and sodallstio weed Bryanlsm, was In almost Its fullest flower and bearing. It had made Bryan the presidential candidate of the democratic party and turned the heads of millions of people, great numbers of whom were of Ohio, the fellow cltlsens of Senator Hanna. The times have changed and ths rank weed of Bryanlsm Is as dead and gone In that stats as that other rank weed of the fable which long ago grew and rotted on Lethe's wharf. Ths one distinct Issue of the last Ohio campaign, .which closed In November of 1903, was Bryanlsm, to be de rided by the election of a senator of the United States, not of a governor. That blatant demagogue, Tom Johnson, waa tha gubernatorial candidate of the Bryanltes and his candidate for senator was John H. Clarke, who, though "an honest money" democrat, was supported on the stump by both Bryan and Johnson. The latter upon every occasion urged the election of the democratlo legislative ticket, not of tha ticket for governor. He told' tha electors to vote tor Clarke, not for Johnson. How extreme ths change has been from the legislature of 198. when Hanna had a majority of 1, to that of 1904, when his majority la to. Is shown by these figures. Mr. Hanna's personal popularity In Ohio Is great, but it was not his popularity so much as the unpopularity of Bryanlsm which resulted In the extraordinary change of political conditions. It was in Ohio, In November last, that Bryanlsm got Its worst and deadliest blow; yet Bryan still thinks himself alive as a political factor merely because he eaa walk and talk. Wf hs would understand how very dead hs Is, let him consider tha monumental majority for Senator Hanna a majority under which Bryaiitam Is burled i o.ia Dcyona eu comae or gmpm v rur rectiOQ. i ' ' ' ROT7ND ABOUT NEW YORJt, I Ripples en the Cnrrent ef Mfe fa the Metropolis. Practical politicians around In the sub urbs of New York City, who Imagined they knew all the moves In the game, have learned a new one as smooth and clever as was ever fashioned by a veteran. Much surprise was shown last fall when the young millionaire, Robert Wlnthrop Chan ler, defeated Major Francis O. Land on for a seat In the New York assembly. I-andnn was the republican candidate and the dis trict was considered safely republican. Everything was going well with the major's campaign, despite his unpopular move In declaring against the acceptance of Pull man passes, when Mr. Chanler Invested K,onO In a prise bull, which he Invited ell of the farmers of the district to call at his place and view. The rural Ists went Into raptures over the bull, and when they ex pressed a wish that they might own such an animal Mr. Chanler promptly presented each with a card giving him an Interest. These cards were distributed without dis crimination to all raisers of cattle, and the prtie bull became the common property of the county. Against this sort of competi tion Major London's fight was hopeless. One effect of the recent tremendous build ing activity In New York Is In a direction wMch should serve as an attraction for the prospective resident of the metropolis. Rents are down and are going lower. A year ago a modern six-room flat In a de cent neighborhood, with all essential con veniences, could not be had for less than tlOO per month, but now some of the very places which demanded this outrageous price at that time are renting for half the money. First-class hotel rates are suffer ing a like reduction, not for table fare, which, on the contrary, constantly seems to tend upward, but In the matter of room rent. There are fine places right off Broad way and Fifth avenue where good rooms, contiguous to the bath may be had for $1 a day. The houses offering these unheard of prices are new, the service equal to the best and the general atmosphere quite as breathable as any. The cause of this Is not far to seek. As Simeon Ford said re cently: "We have the finest hotels In the world, but If they were filled the rest of the country would be depopulated." A movement has been Inaugurated In New York to prohibit the sale of cocaine except under authority of a doctor's pre scription. The "cocaine habit" Increases at an alarming rate, the drug having tre mendous sale In the city. The openness with which aristocratic "dope fiends" prac tice their pet vice Is something astonish ing. The wise slave of morphine, opium or cocaine has discovered that the surest way to conceal the vice is to practice It In full view of the audience. Thus, a man or woman will come Into the drug shop when it is crowded and say something to the clerk in charge. The clerk digs up a black bottle, mixes It with something from the soda fountain, and the fiend de liberately takes It while the crowd looks on. Not once In a thousand times does any one suspect that the cool person with the dark mixture Is a victim of drugs. The Technology club, composed of the New York alumni of Massachusetts Insti tute of Technology, will give Its annual dinner on February S at the University club. Liquid sunshine will be served to each of Its members. Dr. W. J. Morton, who announced at the club's last meeting the discovery of liquid sunshine, has given the formula for making it. It will be placed in , a capsule at each plate with a glass of water; The room will he darkened and each man will drop- the capsule Into his glass and will make his own liquid sunshine by Introducing a tube of radium Into this water. They will then rise and drink to their alma mater In liquid sunlight. A large proportion of telephone girls em ployed by tha big companies In New York give up their places 'rather than Incur the risk of becoming partly bald. This effect of the steel band or hood which telephone operators wear over their head Is plainly noticeable In the case of those who have scanty hair. On boys who act as telephone operators It Is even more no ticeable than with girls. One boy, who operates a switchboard In a large office In the Morton building. Is almost entirely bald In a band running from one side of his head to another. He has been at the telephone switchboard for two years and now wears a cushion underneath the steel hood to protect his head from the pressure. A bachelor to be thoroughly In the swim In New York must pay out at least $500 In club dues yearly. The expenditure Is like an admission fee to a country fair, as It gives only the privilege of spending real money. The dues to the Union club are $75; the Raquet, $75; the Couching, $36; Tuxedo, $100; University, $60; Riding, $100; Country $75; New York Athletic, $50; Fenc ers, $30; New York Yacht, $J5. The Initia tion fees run between $100 and $500. An organisation of Catholic women was formed In New York City recently which had for Its object, among other things. suppression of the divorce evil. Miss Annie Leary, a leading member of the "400," a personal friend of Mrs. Astor and a papal countess, was one of the principal movers in the new enterprise, but It is understood she and Mrs. Frederick Neilson, also one of the leading women of the Catholic laity of the United States, have withdrawn frnm tha aoclotv. the reason, betna: that a rule was recently adopted that all mem bers pledge themselves to abjure the so ciety of divorced persons. Miss Leary numbers among her friends Mrs. Oliver H. P. Belmont and other notable divorcees. Mrs. Neilson, the mother of Mrs. Hollls Hunnewell, who recently divorced Arthur Kemp and was remarried soon after ward, followed suit. Tammany's old guard among the police captains are hugely dissatisfied with condi tions under Commissioner McAdoo. An open town" with freedom from responsi bility, with the atendant opportunities, had been looked for confidently, even after the new commissioner ordered a strict enforce ment of ths anti-gambling law. The cap tains thought It the old bluff of Tammany commissioners, but that they now take It seriously Is Instanced by this conversation with an officer of an Important precinct: 'How Is Captain nowadays?" 'Why, he's on tha sick list, and has been for ten days. Didn't you know that?" "No. Anything serious?" "Just cold feet. He's afraid something might break loose In his precinct, and he's standing from under. He did the same thing when Greene sent him there last fall, but got better right after election day. Now -there's so acting captain held responsible by the commissioner, and Is resting easy. He has a big enough 'pull' to enable the surgeons to carry him on the sick list until the sky dears a little." Signs ef Contlns; Events. Indianapolis News. Meantime, In order that the people may not forget that these be parlous times and that they live In a turbulent territory, while Japan and Russia are trying to de cide what to do the Coreans are doing a little looting and murdering around the border. This will no doubt result In Coiea eventually having to "dig" but, then. Cores, la rich la mineral resource, 07 CS rSi S uD) AM r"" ."' 1 ' ' Y ALL STRAIGHT FRgNT MODELS i INTERNATIONAL PEACE. A Morement Deslataed to Pnt Soldiers Oat ef m Job. Baltimore American. That was a remarkable gathering In Washington In favor of International peace. The main purpose waa to promote an arbitration treaty between the United States and Great Britain, something that ought not to be very difficult, but the spirit of the gathering was that wars ought to cease In fact, that there Is no more ex cuse for them than for the settlement of individual disputes by fighting. The dele gates to the conference, to the number of 200, were distinguished representatives of all of the professions and Industries. They were for the most part brainy men, with whose names the publlo Is familiar, and men of Influence In the community. Many were unavoidably absent, but their letters breathed the same spirit which dominated the conference. This remarkable gathering of men and its earnestness possesses more significance than the ratification of a treaty. Several years ago congress passed a resolution In viting such a treaty and a few months ago the British Parliament passed a resolution along similar lines. They were In the right direction, but there is nothing conclusive about them'. A treaty between theae mighty powers to submit all disputes to arbitration would be a very Important step toward uni versal peace by Its example, provided, of course, neither nation. In a moment of provocation and popular frensy, repudiated It. The trouble about the majority of trea ties Is that they have the sanction of law until something occurs to test them. For universal peace there must be the courts. an international code, clearly defined and an International police force to maintain the jurisdictions of the courts and If neces sary enforce their decrees In ahort, a machinery similar to that which exists In every civiliied state. Officialdom, It Is said, will never consent to this. Possibly not. If left to its own devices, and the scheme seems very like a dream. Dreams sometimes come true. Offi cialdom can be moved by the demands at the people. The question in the present In stance Is: "Do the people want universal peace? Do they want It so much as to come out and advocate It In such an earnest manner as will compel the governments of the world, to adopt It? The conference In Washington Inspires hope. To see so many distinguished men engaged In a sealous ef fort for International peace Is very encour aging. Such conferences lead to others and familiarise the public with both the Immorality and useleasness of war. PERSONAL ROTES. The csar, with his outcry against war, which the rulers of his country are de termined on, may be "the granny -old man of Russia." The ' Neyr England Historic, Genea logical society reports a very prosperous year In the ancestor Industry. At the present rate of progress It will . not be many decades before every mother's son In that section will know exactly who his grandfathers were. Lord Clinton, who, with a piety that has something of an old world flavor about R, has just presented to Exeter cathedral a splendid silver processional cross. Inlaid with Ivory, as a thank offering for the safe return of his two sons from the Boer war, Is Lord Lieutenant of Devonshire. General James Barnett, president of the First National bank of Cleveland since 1877, and widely known among banking In terests of the country, has just retired from active business life. General Barnett Is 83 years old and has been prominent In the political and business affairs of Cleve land for fifty years. C. D. Sanford Gand Army post, at North Adams, Mass., placed its flag at half mast upon the announcement of the death of General John B. Gordon of Georgia the first time that post ever honored a former confederate in this way. General Gordon had lectured twice In North Adams under the auspices of the post. Prince Henri de Beam, the newly ap pointed attache of the French embassy, who will arrive in Washington this month, Is a descendant of one of the most dis tinguished families In France. His father was Count Gaston de Galard and his mother the Countess da Talleyrand-Peri-gord. The new attache Is only 26 years old. Major Robert Stiles of Richmond, author of "Four Years Under Marse Robert," says General Gordon in battle waa the most glorious human being his eyes ever looked upon. He describes blm in the nrst day's fight at Gettysburg, his face radiant, his figure erect, mounted on a splendid ebony harger, with gleaming eyes and proud arched neck. The rider fairly stood In his stirrups and, bareheaded, waved both hands, while his sonorous voice rolled out such exhortations aa only he knew how to make to soldiers. Thus they charged, with the great black charger Joyful In the midst of the flashing muskets. & Vj M - '4js" 0 Ay No medicine like it for stopping coughs, heal ing sore lungs, quieting inflammation in the bronchial tubes, and preventing serious lung troubles. Askyourdoctoraboutthis. Ifhehas better advice, follow it. Doctors have known this standard cough medicine for 60 years. see.. SOs.. SIM. AUeagtaU. V BPWCHTNQ MONEY, ' Might ef Concentrated Wealtk Held Within Limits. Collier's Weekly. Plerpont Morgan's epigrams, or thoee which are attributed to him, gain weight from his importance. Now cornea the dic tum that never In history has money been less "bunched" than It Is at present. Fol lowing so closely upon demonstrations that a few men controlled the most extensive enterprises, and hence largely the course of American industry, Mr. Morgan's opin ion arouses question. TBie complaint thut money wee concentrated and too powerful for Justice or the greatest welfare has al ways existed. No private Individual ever controlled as much Industry, probably, as John D. Rockefeller, but, on the other hand, what he can do with his money la as nothing compared with what Ciassua could do with his In Rome. Here Is where Mr. Morgan's aphorism shows Its truth. Wealth has Increased Immeasurably, and tha ordinary citizen now has enough to give him privileges which make him force ful. When it is said that, although wefT has become more distributed, control is becoming more central, some juggling is performed with the word control. Control tends every day to become less absolute; It tends more toward mere Influence. Mr. Morgan's own career illuminates this dis tinction. His power rises and falls with his use of It and with popular censure or approval. .The masses have more wealth than they ever had, absolutely and In pro portion to the whole, and this ownership protects thm in the long run, even If the management In ordinary circumstances re mains with a few. Executive control may be "bunched," more and more, but as that control remains finally subject to the mul titude of owners. Industrial liberty has. In a sense, actually increased. -Moreover, such movements as creating the new De partment of Commerce and pressing the Sherman law, in moderation, show a de cided tendenoy to keep the might of con centrated wealth within limits. Neither money nor any other kind of power Is now very dangerously "bunched." WAIFS OF THE WITS. "De time an' trouble you kin save by lettin' de yuthhuh man hab- de las' word, said Uncle Kben. "generally makes It a putty good bargain." Washington Star. Noah decided to forego his little nip. "It doesn't do for a man In my position," he explained. "I see entirely too many animals as It la" Luffing to port, he set the helm for Mount Ararat. New York Times. Paying Teller I can't cash this check, Madam, until you are Identified. Mrs. Bright You mean I have to iden tify myself? Paying Teller Yes, ma'am. Mrs. Bright How simple! Have you a looking glass? Philadelphia Press. "But marry me," urged the impecunious young array officer to the daughter of the -trust king. "I am poor, I know, and have nothing, but my rank" "That's Just the trouble," sighed the lady. "Papa says you're too rank." Chi cago Tribune. Henry Watterson Is well known for his puns. "Can you make a pun on the constella tions?" asked a friend one day. "By Gemini," answered Wattersen quickly, "I Cancer." New York Times. A decrepit old gas man named Peter, While hunting around for the meter. Touched a leak with his light He arose out of sight. And, as anyone can see by reading thl.-!! also destroyed the meter. New York Sun. A WORD WITH YOIT. , a W. GUlllan In Baltimore America.. Though you're rather fond of knocking, as you surely must admit. Though you like to swing your hammer o'or the other chaps a bit, Though you have a nasty feeling when some rival makes a hit. Though you'd rather have the hoi pollol believe yourself Is It, Yet there's one among your fellows that, whatever Iih may do, He will always find you loyal. And you strenuously true He's the chap who plays at solitaire with you. Yet he has his faults like others, though you cling to him so tight. Though you'd loave your bed to serve him any hour of the night; Though you earnestly defend him to the. limit of your mlKht And are always standing by, lot who will be In the fight. And when he Is feeling grumpy you are also feeling blue; Would you ask me who's this fellow you're so fondly cllniflng to? He's the chap that plays at solitaire with you. Tell you what I char you nothing for this bit of good advice It would be a trick to make the whole world coll you "nice" t If you'd stand for other fellows who are worthy, once or twice, Asyou stand for this poor friend of yours who cuts ao little l"; For, although you'd hardly think It, seelns singly, as you do. There ore lots of other follows hotter worthy sticking to Than the chap who plays at Solitaire with you. Cherry Pectoral contracted a severe cold on my lungs which continued spite of all I could do. I then tried Ayer's Cherry Pectoral and was quickly relieved." Miifl Emma Millik, tort Sn'elling, Minn. . 0. Aye? Ce Lowell, bum.