THE OMAHA' DAILY REE: TUESDAY, AUGUST SO, -1904.
Tiie Omaiia Daily Bee.
E. ROSEWATER, EDITOR.
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State of Nebraska. Douglas County, s.:
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QEOROK B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed in my presence ahd aworn to
before ma tiua 1st day of August. A. D. 101
.loaaO M. B. H UNGATE,
If Konropatkln la to be the McClel-
lati of ltussla it Is a 1 motet time for the
Qra&t to arrive. '.
, The homo coming of public school
tcfichrrs will infuse new llfs into the
Juvenile rifle range.
The) business situation Is not affected
half as much by the presidential cam
paign as It is by labor troubles.
Omnha can thank Barney Old field for
waiting till he reached St. Louis before
bringing off fatal accidents while break
ing automobile records. ' '
David Bennett Hill insists he is to re
tire from politics. This is self-evident if
democrats nre to hold him responsible
for the Tarker campaign. ' ,
Republicans of this district should
nominate la candidate for congress who
can command the united support of the
patty. ' In this lies success.
1 , " L ' '"V ' ',..(
. 4. good many people believe that if
Will Gurley r is nominated., the , Second
district will have two congressmen
John Si. Baldwin and Tom Blackburn.
, The New York newspaper which con
fused' "Farmer" Wade of Missouri, a
republican and Judge Wade, of Iowa, a
democrat; wllj have , to make two apolo
gies." ' 5 '
Douglas county democrats made their
legislative nominations about six weeks
ago, but today no one can tell who is
fanning on the democratic legislative
It was in the eternal fitness of things
that the mun who defeated Jerry Simp
son for tho democratic nomination for
delegate from Now Mexico should be
named Money. ' ' .
Democrats who- bave declared the
tariff to' bo an issue in the present cam
paign would make a more energe'tlc
fight were they not . afraid the people'
might take them nt' their word. ,
, Mny people would like to know what
bus become of that paving plant and a
good many other people would like to
know what has become of the ordinance
f.r.n municipal electric lighting plant
not her American school has been
burned at Kresoum, Turkey. If this
thing continues the American minister
will find one of the principal items for
which ,1m is contending gone up In
; The Denver election fraud cases have
for various reasons, been stricken
from the docket of the courts, and still
there are people who wonder why the
ordtiinry cltiseus of that state do not
bate, greater respect for tho law.
n ; .. . i . . .
."Hli Secretary Taft, Senator Fair
banks and other high dignitaries orating
In Vermont, where there can be no ques
tloi ot tjic result oue must wonder at
the s. probable extent of the oratory in
preparation for states which may bs
v Milwaukee would reseut any attempt
on tha part of an Omaha school super
l&teudeut to interfere with its local poll
tics ,and Omaha should resent the at
tempt .of the superintendent of the Mil
waukee schools to manipulate primary
elections in Omaha.
Csrrtiany is the only country in a po
sition to rejoice with either aide in the
present war. If Russia wins it will feel
plegaed over the good fortune of its
neighbor and if Japan wins it will be a
dcniQUMtrntlou of he wisdom of the Gor
men military system. ' v
Like the rasor-backed railroad pig
that scoots from under the cars while
thry are In motion, the Water board
mariner dodges every pertinent question
put to htu) and keeps throwing dust lu
the eyea of the public, who, bowever,
are rapidly geltlug pa to him.
THE WAH IS THS ORIEST-
The latest stage of the War is marked
by three things, naval inactivity, . the
practlcnt abandmment of assaults on
Tort Arthur in favor of regular siege
operations, and the commencement of
the long looked for engagement near
The naval warfare is over for the
present for obvious reasons. Russia has
no fighting fleet In eastern waters, and
It is suspected that the rest is welcome
to Jspan so that much needed repairs
may be executed. The navy has had no
rest for repairs since the war began.
The operations at Tort Arthur have
changed in character. The advantages
won by Japan at Tort Arthur have been
gained mainly by artillery work, and the
terrible sacrifices of life in the assaults
have been all but fruitless. The ground
gained has In no wise compensated for
the losses in men. The Russians have
been pounded, the town practically de
stroyed, they are without hope of relief,
and both ammunition and provisions are
reported as being low. It is therefore
reasonable to expect that ordinary siege
operations may accomplish the end de
sired by Japan, with little loss of life
until the final charge.
That long looked for general engage
ment at Liao Yang appears to have be
gun. Japanese forces have been quietly
enveloping Kouropatkln on the east.
south and west. Kouropatkln has
shown himself a master of the game of
patience. He has kept the enemy on
the move, luflicted a good deal of dam
age on Kurokl's force, avoided any great
battle, and all in the hope that rein
forcements and fresh supplies might
come in time to make the struggle more
equal. He has been nursing his array
until such time as It seemed good to
strike. Kouropntkln's iwllcy has been
almost Identical with that , of Admiral
Togo, at sen, and he deserves great
credit for his "masterly Inactivity" that
seems to have been really part ofa well
planned game. The Japanese have now
grasped the necessity of striking one
quick, decisive blow before Russian re
inforcements turn the scale, and In spite
of the fHCt that the enveloping move
ment is Incomplete on the west, ' the
Japs have begun an attack all along the
line. The position of the Russians is
quite favorable. They have bad time to
build formidable defensive works and
arrange for all details of the Inevitable
conflict. Moreover, the advantage al
ways Hps with the defenders, and they
have Kouropatkln himself as their guld
It remains to be seen yet whether the
skill, dnrlng and science of the Japanese
can defeat the Russian endurance and
patience, or if the Japanese will simply
wear themselves out. It Is to be noted
that Kouropatkln must win this great
battle or retreat rapidly to the nortb
ward to Harbin and In that event all
the immense mass of stores and supplies
at Lino Yang will fall into the hands of
the Japanese. Whichever way It re
sults, and the numerical odds are with
Japan, there can be no doubt that It
will bring much nearer the end of the
A BASELESS CHARGE.
The democrats quote from speeches of
President Roosevelt, in which he extols
manliness In a people, as evidence that
he is in favor of a policy of militarism
and adventure. ' The charge that the
president is a man of warlike disposi
tion und tendencies is utterly baseless.
In a message to the fifty-seventh con
gress he said: "Probably no other great
nation in the world is so anxious for
peace as we are. There is not a single
civilized power which has anything
whatever to fear from aggressiveness
on our part. .All we want is peace and
toward this end" we wish to be able to
secure the same respect tor our 'rights
from others which we ae eager and
anxious to extend to their rights in re
turn, to insure fair treatment to us com
mercially and to guarantee the safety
of the American people." In the mes
sage to the second session of the same
congress the president said that wher
ever possible arbitration or some similar
method should be employed In lieu of
war to settle difficulties between civil
Secretary Taft, in a speech at Mont
peller. Vt, last week, referring to the
democratic attack upon Mr. Roosevelt,
said that no man ever sat in the presi
dential chair more anxious to avoid war
or conflict with foreign nations than is
the president. "His impulsiveness of
manner." said the secretary of war,
"and his- quickness of thought and
speech coexist with a real conservatism
of action that makes it as certain as it
wus under Mr. McKInley that, no policy
will be,followed needlessly exposing the
Interests of the country to the peril of
war." , Secretary Hay, who has had bet
ter opportunities than any other mem
ber of the cabinet to learn the disposi
tion of Mr. Roosevelt in regard to our
foreign relations, has borne testimony
io the care and caution and conserv
atism with which the president consid
ers every question arising and bis solici
tude at all times for an amlcabla settle
ment of disputes. , " f ;
In 'the nearly three years since Theo
dore Roosevelt became president there
has not been a single manifestation on
his part to ' warrant the democratic
charge that he favors a policy of mili
tarism. He has shown a firm purpose
to protect American rights and Interests
and for this he should be commended
by all cltlaens who deslr that tha coun
try shall be respected. Who will find
fault with the ordering of warships t
Tangier to secure the release of a
American cltlsen ' captured by bandits
and held for ransom, or the sending of
a squadron into Turkish waters to con
vince the sultan that the Uulted States
was In earnest in the Just demands it had
made and proposed to bold the Turkish
government to the promise It hsd given?
Would any democrat worthy , to be at
the head of this great nation bave done
otherwise In these cases? They could not
have been Ignored without this country
losing In the respect of 6ther nations. A
good deal lias been said In regard to
Mf. Roosevelt'a admonition to the conn
trlea south of us respecting their Inter
national duties and obligations, but
there was no menace In this to those
countries and none of them so regard It
The American people, as the president
has said, are not cowards or weaklings.
Tbey are not afraid to assert their rights
and to maintain them. But no other
people are more anxious for peace and
among them there is none who more
earnestly desires the maintenance of
peace than Theodore Roosevelt.
Atf 1MPUDEXT ffVMBUQ NAILED.
In the discussion of the water works
problem The Bee pronounced the resolu
tlons of the Water board requesting the
mayor and council to reduce the water
rates to private consumers by ordinance
as a piece of grandstand play and arrant
demagogy on the part of R. B. Howell
Mr. Howell Immediately repelled tho in
slnuatlon of bad faith and claimed that
his action was inspired by the sole de
sire to reduce the valuation of the water
works by the appraisers and relieve the
water consumers of Omaha from ex
cessive wster rates. In the contention
that followed Howell has asserted re
peatedly that he was supported in his
efforts by the city attorney and haa la
bored to create the Impression that The
Bee's antagonism was inspired by mall-
clous and mercenary motives. To pin
him down and make him show bis colors
he was asked to answer these three
questions without evasion:
1. Do you believe that tha conditions
under which tha appraisement Is being
made In conformity with the Howell
Gllbert law and tha provisions of the orig
inal contract between the city and tha
water, eompany are binding upon tha city
and binding upon the company T If not,
do you believe that the company has a
right to back eut If tha appralaemant la
too low, orthat the city has a right to
back out If the appraisement Is too hlghT
' 1. You have estimated' tha vaJue of ths
Omaha water works at $3,000,000, and you
insist that they can be duplicated for that
amount. Now, suppose tha three engineer
appraisers place tha value of thee works
at 15,000,000, 15,500,000 or 14,000,000, what do
you propose the city shall doT Will you
advise that the city of Omaha shall mort
gage Itself for tha amount fixed by the
appraisers, even It It .Is $3,000,000 higher
than your estimate?
S. If the upaet price fixed by the ap
praisers shall be from $$,800,000 to $3,000,000
more thaa your estimate of the works
and tha cltlsens of Omaha turn down tha
proposition, what course would you ad
vise tha city to pursue should the wator
company invoke tha power of the federal
court to enforce Its contract and tha ap
praisement made under It and get a Judg
ment against the city for the full amount
with Interest In ths United States court?
These questions were pertinent be
cause they strike the pith of the water
works problem. Instead of answering
them Howell retorts with abuse and a
repetition of the falsehood that the ed
itor of The Bee is opposed to a reduc
tion of water rates and that he, to
gether with the mayor and council, are
responsible for the failure to give the
people of Omaha immediate relief. To
bolster up his imposture he has auda
ciously cited the city attorney as an ad
viser of the course be la pursuing. The J
following crrrespondence nails 'the Imax
bug squarely and leaves him dangling
in raid air:
OMAHA, Aug. i, 10. Hon. C. C. Wright,
City Attorney: Dear Sir Will you favor
me with a written response to tha follow
1. Do yon believe that an ordinance re
ducing the ratea charged by the Omaha
Water Works company to the city, or to
consumers, could be used as a basis for
tha reduction of tha valuation of the
Omaha water works by the three expert
engineers who have been appointed to make
the appraisement under tha contract made
by the city of Omaha with the water com
pany? $. Would you advise the mayor and coun
cil of Omahn to take any action at this
time to reduce the water ratea,"- and. If so.
do you believe that such action would ex.
pedite tfee appraisement and acquisition of
the works by tha city, or would insure
lower rates for water consumers even tem
porarily? Yours very truly, .
OMAHA, Aug. 29, 1904. Hon. Edward
Rosewatcr: Dear Sir Replying to your re
quest for a statement as to ths advisa
bility of an ordinance regulating the ratea
of the water company, I beg leave to say:
1. That I do not believe that the reduc
ing of th rates of tha water company
eould be used by the appraisers as the
basis of tha valuation of the plant Tha
supreme court of the United States haa
said that rates reduced for that purposo
could not be effective.
1 I do not believe any reduction of
tha rates would expedite- the appraise
ment or acquisition of the water works,
and reduced rates could not become effec
tive In time to give any relief to the city.
Yours very truly, C. C. WRIOHT,
AMERICA THE REAL &AISKR.
An article In a Vienna publication ex
presses the opinion that no matter which
power is the ultimate victor in the far
eastern war the United States will be
the real gainer. The writer states that
a group of American financiers have
been trying for several years to acquire
8 commercial monopoly In Japau, pro
posing to place large sums of money iu
that country in order to obtain this.
Before the' war their proposals were un
acceptable, but it is thought that what
ever the outcome of the conflict Japan
will not be in a position to rid herself
of her American financial friends after
ward. The author of the article de
clares that "fifty millions of yellow men
and women will be at the mercy of
those cold blooded Yankees," and he
points to the advantageous position of
this country In' Its Insular possessions,
which advantage will be greatly in
creased when the Panama canal Is com
pleted. "At that moment" he says, "the
United States becomes the commercial
dictator of the whole east"
There is no doubt thst after the war
Japsn will need outside capital for the
development of her Industries and trade
and American financiers will probably
be willing to supply a considerable share
of It If tbey can do so on favorable con
ditions, but there Is no likelihood of
Americans securing a commercial mo
nopoly In Japan, since they will have
sharp competition from other countries
for whatever trade opportunities msy be
offered there. There are some good rea
sons for thinking that this country should
have a larger shara than any other In
ftbe commercial future of Jspan, but It
is an absurdly extravagant notion that
the people of that land will ever be a
the mercy of the "cold-blooded Yankees.'
The Japanese have demonstrated their
capacity for taking' very good care of
their interests in peace as well as In
Although the national campaign this
year does not promise to be very exclt
ing, the Douglas County Central Roose
velt and Fairbanks club should by all
means place Itself in position to make a
creditable demonstration whenever
national republican leader Is billed for
a speech in Omaha. This can be done
most effectively by uniformed marching
clubs. Commonly, such organisations
dissolve after the campaign In which
they first made their appearance, but
In, some cities political marching clubs
have had. a continuous , existence,
Springfield (Mass.) has a marching club
which was first drganlsed in 1876 and
has participated ' in every presidential
campaign during the last quarter of a
century. It gains new members in each
campaign, while retaining many of the
old ones. In 1900 Roosevelt's candidacy
for vice president resulted in the forma
tlon of many Rough Rider clubs. Two
such clubs were-organized In Omaha,
and South Omaha. These should be re
vived during the present campaign.
The Junior yellow has Issued a pope's
bull agafnst the comet by addressing a
bombastic pronunclamento to the water
works appraisers commanding them to
complete the work of appraisement lrv
stantcr or have their heads chopped off,
Inasmuch as these appraisers are re
sponsible to nobody and cannot be
called to account by anybody, (he threat
to decapitate will 'have no terrors for
them. But it serves the purpose of
Omaha's water-logged statesman and
the political pollywpgs who are making
a great splurge in shallow water.
The czar has called a meeting of the
Diet of Finland and at the same time
kindly relieved much cause for anxiety
by telling the members what subjects
they will be permitted to discuss. The
power bf the czar hi such matters Is al
most as great as that of the committee
on rules in our American house of rep
Honest Corporations Hot Fearfl.
. Boston Transcript.
The great corporations of the country
have learned a lesson from the admlnlstra
tlon of President' Roosevelt. They have
come to understand that, aggressive as ha
may be, he has no. wish to Interfere with
ths legal and proper conduct of business.
From his election the combinations of
capital which are. willing to obey the laws
bave nothing to fear. . They have learned.
also, that the people of the country have
confidence in the president and the policy,
and that It Is as unwlm for the corpora
tions to run amuck aa it .would be for the
administration to do the same thing.
Coddllnar Pop Votes..
, Cincinnati .Enquirer (Dem.)
Ijmt iia hnrui that It rilri tint mat Pnlonal
Bryan a single night s sleep, but tha dam
ecrata of Nebraska, were assuredly right
In refusing to allow, fte populists to make
an electoral, ticket or them. The deoto
crate may well learn a lesson from tha be
havior of the republican management for
the past several years! Third-party people
have been permitted to vote the republican
ticket if they wanted to, and some of them
may have been even hired to do so; but
they have not been allowed to ride horse
back In the republican camp. It is wis
dom to consider what is lost In the old
"rank and file" by going out into the by
ways snd market -places trumpeting for
stray and crank votes.
Justifiable Optimism. V
United States Investor,
Contrary to what ona might naturally
expect from the gloomy reports telegraph
ed east by crop experta, the west Is by nq
meani pessimistic 'on the situation. It Is
admitted that the spring wheat crop has
been damaged seriously In some sections,
but the outlook for the normal yield Is
good. All the railroads report a steady
Increase In the movement of merchandise
from' the Interior, which certainly does not
reflect a very alarmed feeling among tha
farmers. All classes of competent observ
ers, from bankers to railroad officials, be
lieve that tha season Is far enough ad
vanced to warrant, the assertion that the
country will, raised enough grain to make
business actlve'and ralroad earnings large.
So certain are tha .'.bankers that the crops
will be of a satisfactory slse that they ex
press the belief ' that mora money than
usual will be necessary for moving tha
harvests. Already at the large money cen
ters rates for funds are showing signs of
stiffening and the Indications . favor an
early demand upon New York.
How to Be Happy,
. Many of us miss the joys that might be
ours by keeping our eyes fixed on those of
other people. No one can enjoy his own
opportunities for happiness while he Is en
vious of another's. We lose a great deal
bf tha Joy of living by not cheerfully ac
cepting the saiaM pleasures that come to
us every day, Instead of longing and wish
ing for what belongs to others. We do not
take any pleasure in our own modest horse
and carriage, because we long for tha au
tomobile or victoria that someone else
owns. The edge la tf.ken off the enjoyment
of our own little home because wa are
watching the palatial residence of our
neighbors We cart get no satisfaction out
of a trolley ride Into the .country or a sail
on a river steamer, because someone else
can enjoy the luxury of his own carriage
or yacht. Life, haa Its full measure of hap
piness for every one of us, if ws would
only make up our minds te maks tha very
most of every opportunity that comes our
way. Instead of longing for the things that
coma our' neighbor's way.
- That Maw Moaer Pavll.
Former Comrade Wataon, who has been
writing ona of those letters of acceptance
so .popular this summer, gives us some
thing new to think about when ha tells us
that the country today Is In tha utmost
peril from the money question. The money
queatloa alwaya has been and always will
b of considerable Importance with a largo
number of self-suportlng cltlsens, but we
hope that the national peril Is not quits so
Imminent as Mr. Watson believes. Wa
have managed to survive the peril for eight
years, and Judge Parker assures us that
the solicitude which ha ' shared for two
campaigns has measurably vanished and
that ha is now able to sleep at night with
out seeing red lights and goldbugs flashing
about his bed. Mr. Watson Is a gentle
man of very earnest convictions snd be
lieves every word he says, and our only
hope la that he la mistaken In bis anxiety.
Having followed our beloved Bryan Into
new and unacustomed pastures this year,
It is very annoying to suapect that so wise
and graat a statesman he misled us
ABMT GOSSIP l!f WASHlSQTO.
Carreat Eveats Oleaaed from the.
Army and Navy Register.
A general order will appear next week
from ths War department giving a list of
officers of tha army who are authorised to
order envelopes directly from the contrac
tors and to make payment under the terms
of the contract made by tha postmaster
general for supplying the several executive
departments of the government with en
velopes during the year beginning July I,
19M. The officers who ar authorised to
make these purchases are the depot quar
termarw at New Tork, the purchasing
commissaries at Bt Louis. New Tork. St.
Paul. Boston, , Omaha, Denver, Chicago,
Kansas City, Vancouver Barracks, Ban
Antonio, Baa Francisco and New Orleans;
the medical officer In charge of the supply
depot In New Tork, al! disbursing officers
of the corps of engineers snd the disbursing
officer of th signal corps at the War de
Major John Blddl Porter, acting Judge
advocate general of tha army, has
rendered sn. opinion to tha effect that a
lieutenant colonel commanding a territorial
department may not convene a general
court martial, and that If he does convene
such a court those brought to trial must be
considered aa mlstrted. Such a condition
la held to subject the accused to another
trial for the same offense by a competent
court., such second trial not being a viola
tion of the'J02d article of war. The ques
tion arose In regard to the application of
the seventy-second article of war to tha
lieutenant colonel In temporary command
of th department of Texaa, that officer
having roferred th question to the War de
Historical considerations, rather than any
convenience of nomenclature, hav resulted
In a general order from tha War depart
ment changing the name of Ord Barracks
In California to the Presidio of Monterey,
thus restoring the old time Spanish designa
tion of that locality. There are bound to
be critics of the chsnga, notwithstanding
tha strict obedience rendered to sentiment
and hlatory. It will deprive tha Presidio of
San Francisco of Its distinction of designa
tion and will render necesaary something
mor specific hereafter In referring to that
plac than simply "Th Presidio,"
General Frederick Funston, U. S. A., has
advised the War department that he will
proceed to Chicago and assume command
of the Department of the Lakes. The
orders which originally transferred him
to Qovernor's Island were changed in favor
of General F. D. Grant for that duty as
the succeaaor of General H. C. Corbln In
command of the Atlantic division and the
Department of the East and General Funs
ton was ssalgned to duty In Chicsgo. H
was at the same time advised that he
might choose between th post and his
present one In command of the Department
of th Columbia with headquarters at Van
couver Barracks. General Funston would
hav preferred to remain at Vancouver,
but he found that th officer who bad
been assigned to succeed him there. Gen
eral Constant Williams, had already
shipped his household effects to Vsncouver.
General Funston accordingly Informed the
War department this week that he would
ask for no change In the orders, which
now stand with the effect of assigning
General Grant to Governor's island. Gen
eral Funston to Chicago and General Wil
liams to Vancouver Barracks.
Th new medals of honor authorised dur
ing the last session of congress are ready
for Issue. Those who possess this emblem
should send th old medals to th military
secretary and receive th new design. Tho
secretary of war. will shortly publish a re-,
vised list of those who hold th medal of
honor with corrections to September 1.
ROOSBVELT THE AMERICAN.
A Mmm of Action Typical of the Times
and the People,
Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, on his re
turn lately from Sagamore Hill, said of
President Roosevelt: "Republicans through
out th country are presenting a solid front
for him. Ha will' receive a large personal
vote, for he is the kind of man who appeals
strongly to every American."
Senator Lodge was correct In his refer
ence to tha personal vote for President
Roosevelt. While there ar principles In
tha republican platform that are more im
portant than the personality of the candi
date, th opposition to them Is so timid
that they do not agitata the public mind
as much perhaps as they should. The prac
tical and Interesting Issue of the campaign
Is th personality of President Roosevelt,
which Is so attractive that It is safe to say
that his purely personal vot will be much
arger than any other president, haa re
ceived for many yeara.
Th president haa no political secrets.
People are not kept guessing day and
night as to what he thinks about great na
tional Interests He has nothing up his
sleeve. The people suspect and distrust a
secretive and cunning candidate, a trim
mer, a straddler and a nettlfogger. They
confide in tha man who confides In them
and ahows them his hand. They do not
expect perfection, but they like to know
all and then make allowances.
Mr. Roosevelt does not pose as a paragon
of wisdom or ability, but he Is obviously
an honest man, a patriot, an American, de
voted to his country and to his official du
ties, with 'well known principles and de
signs. He is perfectly human, like th rest
of us, and perfectly natural, which all are
not. He ha lived a great deal out of doors,
has breathed a great deal of fresh air and
taken a great deal of phyalcal exercise. He
has red . blood in him. He has a sound
mind In a sound body. He la a strenuous
character at th senlth of his powers. All
this Is faaclnatlrg to an American.
There Is nothing so sinful in the eyes of
senility and decrepitude as Initiative, vigor
and nerve. People whose only virtue con
sists In whst they hav 'not don are
alarmed and Indignant at a positive char
acter and a man of . action. Accordingly
the glow worms of politics consider that
this . Phoebus with his chariot of firs la
destined to lnvol"e th country In a ruinous
It Is complimentary to any man to be
assailed In this style. It was predicted of
John Qulncy Adams that If ha were elected
th following congress would be the last,
nd a California Judge declared his convic
tion In 1900 that if McKInley were elected
he would never permit th democrats to
hold another national convention. No
candidate for th presidency Is safe from
such doleful pradictloss unless,' Ilk th
saga of Esopus, bis character snd his prin
ciples are a cryptogram.
President Roosevelt's character as a man
of action Is In almost startling harmony
with th present epoch In American history.
Every nation. Ilk evary human being, has
Its period of tutelage, then Its period of
trenuoua activity,' then its period of
quiescence and repose and then Its period
of decay. The United States, a everyone
knows, ar now In th growing period. Th
nation Is expanding becaus it Is Its nature
to do so. Nothing can and nothing should
arrest Its progress by leaps snd bounds to
ward Its manlfe-. destiny. The astonishing
thing Is that with tha hour haa com also
President Roosevelt appaala to every
American and will poll a tremendous per
sonal vot becaus b is the ansa for the
.Th homing ef the Standard Oil plant a
Antwerp will probably bring the price up
several rents a gallon tn this country.
Historical and other grades of fiction Is
not th only product of Indiana. Thirty
seven hundred divorces were harvested last
Governor Odell Is credited with th deslr
to make Nicholas Murray Butler, president
of Columbia university, th next governor
or, nw york.
Chairman C. B. Booth of Chicago haa
Just Issued a call for th twelfth natlona
Irrigation congrese to be held at El Paso,
Texas, November 18 to 18.
Th International Peace congress meets
in Boston In October. It Is high time the
Hub celebrated the banishment of phantom
fleets and other rude alarms.
That was a short but heroic effort of
Shanghai to break Into the first page again
Che Foo shanghaied th International port
as a news scenter moons ago.
John Morley said recently that he had
known four rigidly righteous men In Eng
land. All the English nespapers. In discuss
ing the matter, assume that they are all
Marshall Field of Chicago la the heaviest
taxpayer In th United States. Forty mil
lion' dollars !s the assessed value of hla
taxable property, real and personal, in
General StOessel's buret of profanity when
Invited to surrender Port Arthur may be
a military clasalc, according to Russian
standards. But hss th general ever heard
Admiral Bob Evans In action T
Another centurlan bruaks Into print with
a atory telling how to prolong life. It is a
wsste of valuable space. More accural
Information In that line Can be found In
the advertising page.
When a girl wills she will. A Pennsyl
vanla belle, feigning suicide, was carted
away In an ambulance and at the proper
moment stepped out and slipped Into the
arms of a waiting lover. A convenient
minister did the rest.
The pay of General Kouropatkln is said to
be ZOO.ooo rubles $100,000 a year during the
war. When he left for Manchuria the csar
mad him. It is said, a present of 600,000
rubles (1260,000). The pay of the Russian
In the ranks Is almost nothing.
A Colorado judge declares he could not
under any circumstance Inflict the death
penalty on a convicted criminal, even
though the law so directs. Tim Campbell's
famous remark, amended, seems to fit the
case "What's th law between friends?'
A magasln writer avers that although
Speaker Cannon's campaign clothes never
fit htm his wardrobe Includes apparel of
Irreproachable style and cut. Indeed, It Is
declared that when "Uncle Joe" appears at
a swell function "no man's dress coat hangs
more smoothly over his shoulders, no man'a
patent leather shoes glisten more splendidly
or are tied with a more graceful silken
Some New York notables, Including Sena
tor Piatt and Governor Odell, were chatting
not long ago when the latter told of a visit
he had been paying to a prison. Ho was
admitted by a "trusty," who on closing the
gate behind him said: "Governor, one good
turn deserves another. I let you In; why
can't you' let me out? Honest, I'm no
more derervlng of being In here than you
are." Senator Pint cackled grimly as he
remarked: "No wonder that fellow is a
trusty.' He's a good Judge of men."
WHAT GAVE IS LEADERSHIP.
Reanlta of the Discovery and Develop
ment of Iron Ore Deposits.
Th economic results of th discovery and
development of the Messabl range of ore
form one of the most Important Industrial
fact In the laat half cenutry. Since the
first shipment from the Mesabl, In 1892 th
ron ore production of the United Btatea
has increased from 16,000.000 to 86.000,000 tons
per annum; the pig Iron product from
,000,000 to 18,000,000; tho ateel output rrom
little more than 4,000,000 to 15,000,000;
while the iron and steel exports of the
United States hav grown from about $25,-
000.000 a year to $1,000,000. During these
dosen years ws have become the greatest
Iron and steel producing country. The
Mesabi was' the greatest single factor In
this achievement, and, without the vast
resources of the Mesabi the present dom
inance of the United States In Iron and
steel would have been delayed perhaps for
decades. A sixth of the annual iron ore
nroduct of the world which Is more than
a third of the yearly production of America
comes from an iron range that was un
known In 1890. The Mesabi range on Lake
Superior yields ore enough to make as
much Iron and steel as all Great Britain
makea. and Its Industrial domlnancy was
founded on Iron. During the fifty years
ending December 81, 1903, the Marquette
range on Lake. Superior yielded more ore
than any other mlnea; but the Mesabi
rang has produced almost as much In
twelve years as the Marquette produced
In fifty. In the use of steel, the cheap
and abundant ores of ths Mesabi have
produced a revolution. They have enabled
th railroads within the laat six years to
relay with heavy steel rails almost the
whol rail mlleag of th United States.
A CINCH OK NEBRASKA.
Democrats and Populist Pas the State
VP to Roosevelt.
i Harper's Weekly.
There Is no doubt that Mr. Roosevelt will
have the electoral vote of Nebraska The
rumor that Mr. W. t. Bryan had sold out
to tho republicans In that state was based
upon the fact that the democrats and pop
ulists, although they will put forward the
same nominee for state offices, have in
sisted on keeping In the field separate Hats
for presidential electors, Mr. Bryan's re
ward waa to be so w were told the elec
tion of a fusion legislature, which could
be relied upon to send him to the United
States senate. Whether th prie will be
paid Is uncertain. Already In aeverai dls
tricta th populist and democrats have
evinced an unwillingness to unit on can
didates for th legislature, while, on the
other hand. It Is improbable that the re
publican rank and file will refrain from
obtalnlng'the control of thfclr state's law
making body, If they can, It Is Interesting
to recall what occurred In Nebraska twelve
year 'ago. Then, too, th democrats and
populists, though, had they fused, they
were certain to carry th state, put forward
distinct lists of presidential electors. The
result was that, while Cleveland got 14,413
votes snd Weaver 83,184. Harrison secured
87.218, or a plurality of 4,079. In 1S9 th
There are Many
table waters, but only one
Always the same.
Pure, sparkling, and delicious. '
THE RICHARDSON DRUB CO..
K4 JACKSON STREET,
IT IS A HATTER OFHEAUH
THERE IS NO SUBSTITUTE
state gave a plurality of mor than 13,000
to Mr. Bryan, who was supported by both
populists and democrats. Four years later,
however, Mr, Bryan ' lost Nebraska by
nearly 8,000, but In 1902, the plurality of the
republican governor was considerably less. .
If Judge Parker ever had a chanc of.
carrying the state, It has been lost by th
refusal of the populists and democrats to
units on presidential electors. It Is by no
means certain, however, that Mr. Bryan
can be justly charged with th failure to
bring about complete fusion this year lu
Nebraska. He seems to hav tried, hon
estly and persistently, to persuade ench
of the two parties to accept a certain pro.
portion of the presidential electors to dm
named on a fusion ticket, but the project
was foiled by Mr. Thomas E. Wataon, tht
populist nominee for the presidency, who Is
said to have threatened to repudiate tho
nomination, unless his party presented in
Nebraska a separate list of presidential
electors. The fact remains thst one of
the transmlsslsslppl states, which It was
supposed might possibly be carried, with
Mr. Bryan's help, for Judge Parker, must
now be definitely renounced. The only
states west of the Mississippi which the
democrats now seem to have some chano
of gaining are Colorado, Montana, Idaho
"You can't ludae a man bv aDDearances,
reflected Uncie jerry heebies, "ine Kind
est lather 1 ever Knew was a man Unit
used to run one of these 'knook-the-babies-down'
booths.' Chicago Tribune,
"De difference between a no 'count man
an a no 'count mule,'' sala Uncle Eben.
'Is dat you kin wallon da mule wlinut no
body havln' de law on you." Washington
Kind Woman If I give you this dim you
won t use It to get aiunk again, will you
Tramti Io'm. 1 couldn't set druuk an a
dime. Cleveland Plain Dealxr.
"Yes." sold the first actress. "I've aot a
lovely new play for this season."
wiiai is iir aaxea tne other.
"A society drama in four acts snd five
new gowns." Philadelphia Ledger.
Sand ford Bo you're aolng to aret mar-
rled. Have you considered tha cost, my
Merton Oh. I've Kot nothlna- to do w th
that. Her father nays for everything hut
the carriages and nowera. Brooklyn Lagl
Mrs. Chugwater Joeiah. here's a word I
never saw before. Wlmt doea 'anncrenntln
Mr. Chugwater You don't divide It right.
It Is an-acre-on-tlc and means gettln.-
iruBtu iur jw square rone or iana. Why
are you always asking me such fool ques
tions? Chicago Tribune. .
"After reading the advertisements of all ,
the various automobile nn the market It's
harder than ever to make a selection, and
yet the advertisements hold out one con
solation." "What's that?"
"No matter which make you select, you
msy be sura it is the best." Philadelphia
"Do you think that politics offers a career
to the average young man?"
"Yes," answered Benntor Sorghum. "Tt
offers a career. But. like everything elss
In politics, the offer is HaMe to hav a
string to it." Washington Star.
"In England." said the British rallrond
president, "we depend largely on the pas
senger traffic. Your railroads here, I sup
pose, have a more varied scope."
"Yes," replied the nlnln r Izen. "ort of a
collide-oscopo." Philadelphia Ledger.
A COOLIKG POTION.
James Barton Adams In Denver Post.
Msud Muller, fresh as a new-blown rose,
Stood sprinkling the lawn with tha garden
A prettier picture was never seen
On the page of a monthly magazine1.
Th breeees toyed with her frisry curls
As If they were fond of pretty girls.
The grass of the greensward kissed her
For Maud had a pair that was hard to
The silk shirt waist on tha little elf
Enveloped a bust she had grown herself.
No modiste skilled In the padding art
In her shapely makeup had played a part.
The judge of the district court came 'long
In a gasymobile that smelled real strong.
A well fed Judge of observing ken
Whose form ran largely to abdomen.
H spied the maiden with eyes as bright
As tha water she squirted in crystal night.
And he thought of his desolate horn
A wife on the premises had he got,
He drew up close to the curb and tried
A smile, which In parturition died,
He raised his hat and the sunlight fell
On a head aa bald aa a sea clam shell.
"O! where did you get that lovely face?
That matchleaa form and unstudied grace?
In rapturous tones his honor cried.
"I won 'em 'n a raffle," Maud replied.
"You have kindled a fire in my heart!" h
. walled, - .'
"A fiercer one never a heart assailed!
"The flames through my system surge and
Till they seem to consume my wealth of
"If Are la all that Is eating you,"
Said Maud, "I'll extinguish It p. d. a,"
And ere he could start his machine ajsjl
Th hose played on hla a-nat-o-mee!
And he let not up on his fllghtful spurt
Till out of reach of hr cooling squirt.
SHERMAN & KcCONNELL 0RU9 Cb
MTU AND DODGE.
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