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THE OMAITA DAILY DEE: MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1004.
The Omaiia Daily Bee E. ROSE WATER, EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. IHiljr Pee (without Sunday), One Year. .$4 00 lNilljr Hand Sunday, One Tear 6 00 jiiumraieu nee. une rear Hund Ilee, One Year 2-60 Saturday life, On enr 1 i0 Twentieth Century Farmer, One Year.. 1.00 DELIVERED BY CARRIER. Pally Pee (without Sunday), per copy i 'an Dal! v Hee (m-llhom flunriiiv). per week illy Bee (Including Sunday), per weck..lic Sunday Bee, per copy Sc Evening Bee (without Sunday), per week. 7o Evening Hee (Including Sunday), per w'k 12o complaint of Irregularities in neuvery enouia ue addressed tn city Circulation ua partment. OFFICES. Omaha-The Be Building. Sruth Omafea Clfy Hall Building, Twen ty-flfth and M Streets. Cuincll Bluffs w Pearl Btrcet, Chicago--r,m T'ntty Building. New York 23 Park Row Building. Washington All Fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. Communication relating to news and edi torial -matter should be addressed: Omaha Bee, editorial Department. REMITTANCES. Payable to The hee Puhllehfnr Company. Only 2-ornt stamps received In payment of man account, fc-rsonai cnecKB, excepr on union a or eastern exrhangps. not aceepTea THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. State of Nehrneka Dnnirlni County. M. George B. Tzsrhuck, secretary of The Bee Publishing company, being duly sworn, aaya that the actual ris-mber of full and complete 1 SOJWO 17 o,so I zn.ooo i st,4ao 1 2tf.4ffO 4 vii, Ooo 1 2t),9BO 84,TftO T S!,TW so.nso ,v,61 - 10 29,620 11......... 20.W40 12 3tO,4MO IS S,140 14 3MI.SOO .... 80,880 It U9.3HO 80 89,800 21 26,400 22 2W.8O0 23 S8.9SO 24 2S.04O 2S 29JISO t Z9.1SO f 80,000 28 2T.10O 29 20,200 80 29,440 11 20,210 14 20JIBO Total 9O4,0 Less unaold and returned coplea... T.30 Net total sales 8WT.T11 28,924 Dally average . copies of The Dally, Morning, livening and Sunday Bee printed during the month of August, 1904, was as follows: Subscribed In my presence and sworn to before me tkls Slot day of August. 1!M. (Seal. J N. JJ. H UNGATE. . .. Notary Public Now for the street fair, but don't make It too loud, please. If Judge Hornblovt'er were "true to name" what a salury he could command from Tom Taggart! , There is but ona plue where all demo crats tan meet on common ground the home of Adlai Stevenson, In Illinois. At last report Father Schell was still In possession at Homer and a .large part of the enemies' supplies had been cut off. , ' ' ' The Fontanelle club la probably keep ing secret the names of its favorites for the legislature so as not to handicap them in the race.. If the "managers of the Auditorium can make ' a" dicker with the weather clerk the horse show will prove a suc cess from all points ot view. The direct primary is a4ie4nl medium for the photographic artist who Is able to touch up the photographs of prom inently' .Mentioned candidates, One reason which might be assigned for democratic apathy in the present campaign ifl that the presence of both Jones of Arkansas and Gorman at na tional headquarters has a neutralizing effect If the water works primer can be pushed to the front, the tax reform primer will be pushed to the rear. There is method in tlie madness of John N. Baldwin in backing the water-marked statesman. - Senator Stone of Missouri Is not taking an active part in the' compalgn in the interest of Joseph Fojk, from which it maybei Inferred that the "gumshoe statesman" would really like to see the reformer elected. Republican candidates for the school board have another week for filing their names 'With the elty-committee, and the prospect Is that th live vacancies on the school board will not go begging, although there Is no pay attached to the position. Now that Indians cun only spend $10 a month from tho proceeds of sale of heirship lands, the labor market In the vicinity of the reservations may be glut ted by white men returning to honest labor and Indians seeking a living from the soil. Odessa Is one Ilussmn city where tho war Is not popular, If one is to Jinle by Its effect upon trade. Tho Black tea port prospers only whvn merchant ships can pass the Durdnnelles without be-in,' stopped at one end or the other by In quisitive naval officers. , Steamship companies should co-operate with Commissioner Sargent In se curing examination of Immigrants to this country before they are permitted to sail from their native lands. The steerage rate Is hardly sufficient to pay for re turn passage and meals coming and re turning. The proof of the pudding is always In tho eating. The best proof that the South Omaha strike Is over is that the South: Oriiahn police commission has raised the 10" o'clock night closing em bargo on saloons and the free transporta tion of strike breakers on the dummy train has beeu discontinued. 'Although Douglas county is. a repub lican county, its affairs have been man aged for more thau five years by demo cratic county Tnwrda. With the law changed to require election by the wbolo county, Instead of only ono district, there ia no good reason why this should con tinue, nor will It continue If tho repub licans see to it this time that the com misslonershlp nominations go to men who can poll all the republican votes. ... w 'V .- ' " " I A DSAPPOSm RESULT. The American minister to Cuba has pointed out that the export trade of this country with the island is not growing as rapidly as the trade with Cuba of European countries and. he regards this as a disappointing result of the reel proclty agreement. It was urged in le half of that agreement thai It would certainly have the effect to very greatly Increase our exports to the island. There has indeed l-en a growth of trade, but it is largely in our Increased imports from Cuba. The sugar and tobacco planters of the island have found here a market for most of what they pro duced, but the Cuban merchants have not very much Increased their purchases In the American market They evidently prefer to buy in Europe. Minister Sqnlers says that he never falls to impress upon the Cuban mer chants and planters with whom he comes in contact "the dangers to reel proclty In the present uneven trade be tween the two countries and that Amerl can merchants and manufacturers will not long support an arrangement which largely Increases the market for Cuban productions and, by comparison at least, decreases the sale of our own." It does not appear that this has had any effect and probably will not have any. It Is suggested that the reason why we do not export more to Cuba is because the merchants there buy manufactured goods where they can get them to the best commercial advantage, and If they come In Increasing amount from Great Britain, Germany and France, rather than the United States, It must be because they can be obtained from those countries at less cost. This is a plausible explana tion, but It Is not altogether convincing, since it may be fairly assumed that the American minister would not have learned of the difference In cost between European and American goods, If It ex ists, and would not have made the state ment he has. At all events, it Is certain that the reciprocity arrangement with Cuba Is not working as Its advocates expected, so far as exports from the United States are concerned, and it is pretty safe to say that unless there shall be Improve ment in this respect, so that the trade shall not be so uneven as at present, there will not be a renewal of the ar-' rangement. FOR THEIR OWN MARKET. The annual convention of Canadian manufacturers was held the past week and the conspicuous fact which the de liberations disclosed was that they are for their own market and in order to make it more secure for the products of Canadian mills and factories they favor greater tariff protection than is now given them. There Is $520,000,000 capi tal Invested in manufacturing enter prises in the Dominion and the value of the manufactured products Is about equal In amount to the capital. There has been during. the last twenty years a steady growth of industries and in view of the American competition the in crease has been rapid. ' The president of the convention In his address said that as a nation of pro ducers the first thought must naturally be the profitable marketing of products. "There is one market that we can safely take, mold and-control for the upbuild ing of Canadian interest; it lsthe home market" lie urged ' that to establish native industries that will create and maintain a prosperous people and that will thus provide a home market should be the object and aim of statesmen, farmers and manufacturers alike. He pointed out that the trade returns are ample proof of the need of radical changes in tho present Canadian cus toms tariff. The manufacturers of Can adu are pot unfavorable to giving a substantial tariff preference to British manufacturers, but they want nnd have for two years been endeavoring to get better protection against American man ufactures end 'It appears that they are hopeful of obtaining this in the not re mote future. It is needless to say that these manu facturers, who constitute a powerful in fluence, are not friendly to trade reci procity with this country. They do not desire that closer commercial relations between the two countries shall, he made any closer and It Is perhaps chiefly due to them that the Canadian government has ceased to show any active Interest in the question of reciprocity. They want pursued In the Dominion the policy by which the United States has built up a -great home market, which consumes 00 per cent of the products of both our factories and farms. American advo cates of reciprocity with Canada will get no encouragement from the manufac turers of that country. DAY1S O-V THE TARIFF. The democratic candidate for vice president is largely interested in indus tries that have tariff protection. He has amassed his great fortune under the operation of that policy which has made this the foremost industrial nation of the world. Consequently Mr. Davis docs not acquiesce in the declaration of the St -Louis platform that tariff protection Is robbery. He is not disposed to admit that while enjoying the advantages and benefits of protection he has been a party to the robbery of the people. He declines to confess, as acquiescence iu the democratic platform would mean, that his great wealth was obtained by plundering the public. In his speech opening the democratic campaign in West Virginia Mr. Davis said: "I am for a tariff that will yield sufficient revenues for the economical and proper expenditures of the govern ment and In that turlff I believe Inci dental protection to our Industries is right and proper." Now if protection, as asserted by the democratic national con vention, Is Indeed robbery, of course that term applies to any degree of protection. As President Hoosevelt has said In re ferring to the St. Louis declaration, if a protective tariff Is robbery, then it is Just as much robbery to revise it down, still leaving It protective, aa It would be to enact It It Is obvious, then, that in favoring "incidental protection" the dera ocratlc nominee for vice president re pudiates the tariff plank of the platform, How he would define Incidental proteo tlon it is impossible to say. It is a very vague expression. But there Is no doubt that he utterly rejects the propo sltlon of his party that protection Is rob bery. kaxsas cirr asd omaha. Among the deceptive statements sup plied by II. B. Howell to the Junior yellow for its red letter water primers is a comparison of the water rates of Kansas City and Omaha. According to the veracious Mr. Howell, the cost of the Kansas City plant was $2,500,000 and the net Income derived by the city by its water works plant for last year was $345,000, notwithstanding the fact that the water rate to private consumers is much lower than in Omaha. As a matter of fact, Kansas City ac quired its water works plant on Sep tember 1, 1805, at a cost of $3,100,000. The bonds Issued to pay for the works bear a rate of interest of 4 per cent per annum, or $139,500 a year. In 1003 another bond issue for water works ex tensions and Improvements, bearing 4 per cent interest, was added, making in all a bonded debt of $4,200,000, with an interest charge of $183,500 per annum. According, to Howell, Omaha pays $92,0(10 a year for hydrant rental and Kansas City pays nothing for hy drant rental, but It does pay $183,500 a year interest on bonds issued to pay for the water works. The Inference from Howell's deceptive water primers would be that a material reduction was made in the water rate to private consumers In Kansas City Just as soon as the city had acquired the works. As a matter of fact, the old water rates charged by the National Water company, which owned the Kan sas City water works up to September 1, 1895, were continued until April 1, 1899, SO' that the water consumers of Kansas City had no relief whatever for nearly four years after the works had been acquired. The reduction made on April 1, 1809, based upon the rates pre viously charged by the National Water company, was Just 15 per cent and no reduction has been made since then. The present rate at Kansas City for a house of six rooms is $5.50; the rate in Omaha for six rooms Is $0.75. The rate for closet in Omaha, $2.50; in Kansas City, $4. The rate for bath room In Omaha, $3.50; Kansas City, $4.25. The rate in Omaha for two horses and car riage, with hose, $5; in Kansas City, $7.G5. The rate In Omaha for one cow is $1; In Kansas City, $1.70. Sprinkling a lawn on lot or thirty reet rrontage in Omaha, $5; Kansas City, $4.80. Total charge for these various items in Omaha, $24.75; Kansas City, $27.00. The meter rate in Kansas City originally was 30 cents maximum and 10 cents minimum per 1,000 gallons. Since the change of rates was made in 1890 the meter rate in Kansas City is 31 cents'maxlmum and 8 cents minimum per 1,000 gallons, while in Omaha the maximum rate per 1.000 gallons Is 30 cents and the minimum rate 8 cents. Under 1,000 gallons per day the rate In Omaha is 35 cents per thousand. Howell's water primer would make us believe that Kansas City has a net income of $345,000 per year from its water works. Inasmuch as the total revenue of the Kansas City water works from all sources during the year 1903 was $542,081.27 and $183,500 was paid in interest on the water bonds, there would only remain asurplusof $350,181.27 to defray the expenses of operating the plant and pay for its maintenance and repairs. Manifestly that fact does not seem to trouble Mr. Howell's mind in the least Another fact the Howell red letter primer ignores is tlsat Omaha receives over $10,000 a year in taxes from its water works; Kansas City nothing. It should also be borne In mind that Kansas City has more than 200,000 population at this time and its consump tion of water is fully 75 per cent greater than that of Omaha, consequently Its Income must be In proportion, or nearly so, to the difference In population and commerce of the two cities. But these stublmrn facts also do not seem to trouble a nOin who Is trying to make political capital for himself by deceptive water primers and false pretensions. ' The Chicago city civil service commis sion has struck terror in the police force of that city by a new rule excluding from the service all fat men. In support of this new departure the civil service commission argues that fat weakens a man's muscles, obstructs his movements nnd makes him slothful, indulgent and unnbservlng. The work of a policeman is calculated to keep him low In flesh If he keeps on the run, but if he becomes fut and beefy while he is on the force it is almost certain that he is not an efficient officer. If the innovation In troduced in the Chicago police force be comes effective we shall not be sur prised to see the reform spread all over the country, and Omaha policemen with large girth and weak legs will have to prepare to evneuste their positions. The statistics compiled by the deputy state labor commissioners are Interest ing aud suggestive, but It really does not require a skilled mechanic to compile grain and flour statistics. The only benefit that labor derives from this work is the salary paid for working up the statistics. The Union Pacific bulletin news serv ice, which will begin next week", will bo appreciated by the patrons of the transcontinental if it will keep people In uptown hotels fully advised concern ing the belated trains, and the best news the service can render' is to report the trains on time. Harper's Weekly wants to know why nobody has yet notified Mr. Tibbies that he has been nominated for vice presi dent This Interrogation is an imperti nence. Tibbie baa not only been notl- fled, but he has served notice upon him self and upon all others whom It may concern. If It is true that Omaha has the fore most place as a base ball city In the transmisslsslppl territory, all the other tow ns In the Mississippi valley must be off their base. Hon Let the Show Begin. Philadelphia North American. Slowly, but surely, the awful strain Is being removed. Thomas H. Tibbies has ac cepted the populist nomination for the vice presidency. An Inforglrable Offense. Baltimore American. One of the most striking cases of viola tion of all precedent and gross disregard of professional etiquette took place In New York the other day, where a lawyer had his pocket looted by his client Search Met" Chicago Tribune. The statement of the treasurer of the United States that there Is one $10,000 bill "still In circulation" must have been made hastily. The chances are that this particu lar bill la locked up In somebody's safety vault. Talking; Through His Hat. Kansas City Star. Ex-Senator Towns declared last night that if Lincoln were living today he would be a democrat. Mr. Towne, of course. Is not old enough to remember that Lincoln was denounced for overriding the consti tution, and no could hardly be received into fellowship with the "safe and sane" party of today. NeTer Touched Them. Springfield (Mass.) Republican. Pension Commissioner Ware haa caused to be painted In big black letters upon the walls of the bureau's reception room at Washington the legend, "The Lord hates a liar." And ha refuses to say whom this Is directed against. Those who most frequent the place are the pension attorneys, and they may be pardoned for considering that it applies to them. Another Iasne Vanlauingr. Philadelphia Press. The democrats who are trying to mnke campaign material out of the condition of the nation's finances are not meeting with success. The receipts for twenty days of this month exceeded the expenditures by 12,112,648. At that rate there will be a hand some surplus at the end of the fiscal year. But there Is an available cash balance now In the treasury of nearly $149,000,000 exclu sive of the $150,000,000 redemption fund. The treasury is in a splendid condition, such as was unknown under democratic rule. Constitutionalists, to Arms! New York Bun. The Rio Grande has changed Its course and annexed a slice of Mexico to the United States. Even the floods and fields of demo cratic Texas are debauched by the corrupt ing efforts of an imperialistic river. Thou sands of sheep and goats And themselves under the flag of Stars and Stripes without the consent of the governed. Nature has allied herself with the desperate ambitions of the administration to encroach upon the territory of a friendly power. Most sig nificantly, that power lies to the south of us. Plainly, the Rio Grande is a lawless, usurping, unconstitutional body of water, morally no better than the republican party, The Parker Constitution club should report upon this case at once. New Wrinkle In City Government, Denver News. The charter of the city of Los Angeles provides for the "recall" of officials believed to have proven themselves unworthy of the trust bestowed upon them. Six of the city aldermen have been carry ing matters with a high hand, granting franchises that were unwarranted and awarding the printing contract to a paper whose bid was $13,000 higher than the next lowest office. The Good Government league selected a member one of the six from one ward by the machinery of the new recall. The petl 'tlon for a recall and a new election had to contain 26 per cent of the voters of the ward. Half the number which voted at the pre ceding election was soon obtained, but the city eierk refused to accept the names of such as had moved since the directory was Issued. A second petition the unwilling official was obliged to accept. The elec tlon was ordered. An effort to secure an Injunction failed, and the matter came to a vote. The alderman attacked was defeated by a vote of two to one. In spite of the active efforts of the elements In whose Interests his malfeasance had been carried on. Doubtless the remaining Ave aldermen will now be proceeded against, and, if equally successful, Los Angeles will begin to believe that there Is, after all, such a thing as popular rule. RECLAIMING THE ARID LANDS. Oh of tho Notable Deeds of the Roosevelt Administration." Chicago Tribune. It became apparent a quarter of a cen tury ago that the day was near at hand when all the arable lands of ths public do main would be taken up by settlers. Atten tion was called to the possibility of making a portion of the 650.000,000 seres of arid land owned by the government available for cultivation by means of Irrigation. Large tracts of arid land were given to the states within whose bounds they lay on condition that the donees would Improve them. The experiment was not a brilliant success, but congress could not devise a better solution of the problem. In his first message to congress, tn De cember, 1901, President Roosevelt had soma- thing to say about a subject with which he was familiar and which Interested him greatly. He outlined definite. Intelligible Irrigation policy. He said that there were vast areas of publio land which could be made available for homesUad settlement by Irrigation works by the national govern ment. The lands thus reclaimed should be reserved for actual settlers, and the coat of construction be repaid by the land re claimed. The benefit which the whole coun try would derive from the conversion of millions of acres of barren land Into fertile arms was forcibly set forth. Congress was strongly Impressed by the ideas of the president, and In June, 1902, enacted a law to carry them out. All mon eys received from the sale of publio lands In the beneficiary states and territories are set aside as a reclamation fund, out of which reservoirs and canals may be constructed. The money received for the Improved land will go towards the construction of other reservlors and canals. Thus, little by little, all ths land susceptible of It will be Irri gated. Work under the law has been begun by the Interior department and Is being pressed vigorously, ' It Is estimated roughly that- the Irrigation policy, which the country wes to the Initi ative of the president, will add 60,000,000 acres to Its cultivable area. That Is a kind of expansion to which not even the most ardent anti-expanslonlst can take excep tion. On those acres millions of people can establish homes, and their product will swell the sum total of national wealth. The reclamation of so many acres of arid land will be the geatest and nioat profitable Internal Improvement that tha American government has ever taken In hand. It Is one of the notable dseds of lit Roosevelt administration. SPTRN9 DEAL WITH TRI STS. Roosevelt Declines an I'nderstandlng In Hetarn for Campaign Funds. "No bargaining with trusts; no tinder, standing' or 'arrangement' for campaign subscriptions." This Is the edict that tins gone forth at tha national republican head quarters In New York City, and It comes from no other thnn President Roosevelt himself. The announcement forms the text of a letter in the Chicago Record-Herald from Walter Wellman, who Is observing the progress of the campaign at both na tlonal headquarters. Mr. Wellman relates how the matter came to a decision In this way: Certain wealthy men of New York, republicans, and presumably Interested In the success of the national ticket, were Invited to subscribe as Individuals to the campaign fund. They chose to discuss the proposal, not as individuals, but as rcpre sentatlves of Industrial trusts In which they are heavily Interested. They wanted to know what was to be the policy of the Roosevelt administration toward their cor porations. What were they to expect? W hat could Chairman Cortelyou and Treas urer Bliss say to them In the way of assur ance T They were not disposed to be exact, Ing or unreasonable, but It was only natural for them to want to know, you know. When the matter was referred to Prest dent Roosevelt, as It was during the last rew flays, the answer came promptly enough. There could be no such assur ances. There could not even be a discus sion of the question. No "understanding" could be arrived at; no "arrangement" could be made. This decision was not only rendered promptly, but It was handed down In vigorous and emphatlo language lan guage which I should like to quote, but cannot under pledge not to. This Is the second time Mr. Roosevelt has refused to dicker with the trust people Last winter, before the death of Senator Hanna, and when It waa thought by some people that there was doubt about the president's nomination for a second term, certain rich men of this city sent an emi nent republican to Washington to Inquire what assurances could be had of the policy of the president toward the trusts after March 4. Then, as now, the response was quick and emphatic. Moreover, on that occasion the facts were obtained In some way by your correspondent, and publica tion of the story of the futile attempt to place President Roosevelt "In leading strings" to "handle him" created quite a sensation. It was supposed generally that would be the last effort of the sort. But no. Tak ing advantage of the well known fact that the republican campaign managers are hard up for cosh, these trust operators thought It possible to drive a bargain. They have failed again. As a result of the president's scornful re jection of this proposal to trade caah for assurances the funds of the republican na tional committee will not be swelled by many thousands of dollars which were of fered on these impossible terms. And Chair man Cortelyou and Treasurer Bliss needed the money, and needed it very badly, too. It Is an open secret that they are pretty nearly "broke." They have enough to pay the running expenses of the very elaborate and largely ornamental organization at the palatial headquarters In Madison avenue. dui tnere is no money In sight for cam paign fighting. The republican managers In West Virginia want funds with which to "handle" certain coal miners and timber cutters, but they can't get a dollar at head quarters. Harry New wants funds for In diana, but none are to be had. Chairman Babcock and Secretary Overstreet of the congressional campaign committee really are worried about the next house of repre sentatives, and would like more financial help from the national committee. They are waiting with more or less patience. There can be no doubt of one thing. Chair man Cortelyou is a good organiser. The machine at headquarters In the beautiful marble building runs like a French clock. Everything is systematized down to a nicety, jno employe can get a postage stamp or a bunch of envelopes, or a bottle of mucilage, without filling an elaborate requisition blank, which must be O. K.'d by several officials, until finally It receives the initials of the chief himself. Then, after the records have been written up properly and the duplicates filed the postage stamp or bunch of envelopes, or whatever it is, is In due time "Issued." Much the same Is It with callers who want to see some one at headquarters. You have to write your name, age, height, pedigree, etc., on a card, and then. If, you have time to wait, which generally you have not, sooner or later you get to see your man. In every detail the organization Is perfect, shipshape, careful, exacting, formal. It is just as complete as a government department at Washington and dispatches business at about the same speed. Every one admires . the perfection of this organization. Some of the old fashioned politicians think It would be bet ter to expend part of all this enery of sys tematizing in carrying on a campaign, but they must live and learn. Around town the prevailing comment among newspaper men and politicians is that the democratic campaign managers, with all their troubles, and divided au thority, and discouraging outlook, really are playing the game better than their re publican rivals. No one goes to the repub lican headquarters unless he Is compelled to as a matter of business, and once there he gets away as soon as he can, which usually Is not very suddenly. It is also a matter of common remark that It is a lucky thing for the republicans that they have an easy fight to win. In point of fact, I don't believe It would make any difference In the result If the republican national committee were to close all Its headquar ters tomorrow and lay off Indefinitely all the high salaried, stylish young men who are working as parts of Mr. Cortelyou's smooth, well oiled machine. Senator Spooner well expressed the belief of many observers when he said the other day that the people are running this cam paign, and that it doesn't make .he slight est difference what the politicians do or do not do. They haven't art or resources suf ficient to make any Impression upon the great settled msss of publio opinion. This applies to both sides. PERSONAL NOTES. No matter what happens Colorado demo crats cannot lose the Adams family. Admiral George Dewey'a portrait, painted by W. D. Murphy of New York, haa Just been hung in the Vermont state house. Former President Steyn and his "wife have received permission to return to South Africa In December. They will occupy a farm near Bloemfonteln. Hans E. Grunow, the consul recently ap pointed by the German Imperial govern ment to represent German interexts In Min nesota and the Dakota, has arrived In St. Paul. Commander-in-Chief W. W. Blackmar of the Grand Army of the Republic has ap pointed J. M. Schomacker of Pittsburg to be senior aid-de-camp on his staff and J. II. Holcomb of Philadelphia to be assistant general and custodian of records. Sir William McDonald, education philan thropist of Montreal, and James W. Rob ertson of Ottawa, Canada's commissioner of agriculture, are making a tour of the northern states with a view to adding Im provements to ths great system of rural education la Canadian province, AS TO THE STAFF" OF LIFE. Instructive Statistics' on tho Wheat Crop and tho Wheat Reserve. Springfield (Mass.) Republican. Tha prevailing price of considerably more than $1 a bushel for wheat In the western speculative markets Is a fact of moment not only In ths family economy of the country, but In relation to the foreign trade. Following the rise In grain, flour has gone up until now the barre'., which cost the Springfield householder about $5 a year ago, commands $7 an advance of 40 per cent. If these prices hold or advance It Is certain that the baker's loaf of bread will t Increased in cost, equally with the home-made loaf, either through reduction In size or advance In price. It Is a question how far this recent ex cited advance In wheat Is Justified by ac tual conditions. There is no doubt that the crop being harvexted Is much below the recent averpge of yearly production. The higher estimates, which are baaed upon the September report of the federal Department of Agriculture, do not exceed 610.000,000 bushels, compared with 6.17,800.0)0 bushels last year, 670,000,000 in 1902 and 748, 000,000 In 1901. The private trade estimate runs as low as 800,000,000 and lower. This reduction of yield by nearly 150,000.000 bushels from the recent average, or by nearly a fourth, might seem to warrant such a value es Is now being put upon the grain; and it would, provided the world's wheat crop outside the United States was as short as our own. But this Is not the case. Moreover, short as Is the crop In the United States, It is still large enough to yield a consider able amount for export that Is to say, a surplus which will pound down the home market unless taken by Europe at present prices, and Europe shows no disposition to come up to these present prices. Let us suppose the worst possible case In relation to this crop that It amounts to only 600,- 000,000 bushels, and that the per capita con sumption tn the country holds up to the recent estimated figure of about five and a half bushels. Then we have the following calculation: Bushels. Estimated old wheat carried over (farmers reeserve and visible. July 1) 63 000.000 New crop 500,000,0u0 Total available suddIv 6o3.000.000 Domestic consumption (5V4 bush els per head of 82.000.000 people). .. 451.000.000 eeea I or next crop Uft ousneis per acre) 7a.uw.uuu Total retirements 62d.OfO.O00 Available for reserve and export... Si.uju.ohO Such a calculation would leave nothing for export unless the wheat bins of the country were to be swept entirely bare of grain before July 1 next; and only In such conditions' can we find abundant warrant for present prices. But such a calculation presents one or two Items of particular absurdity. Granted that the recent wheat consumption of the country has been as high at five and one half bushels per capita, which Is doubtful. It must decline materially under the In fluence of higher prices and the greater availability than ever of such cheaper substitutes as corn, to say. nothing of the abundant apple and other' fruit harvests. As matters now stand, and with a corn crop maturing of over 2.226,000,000 bushels, the per capita wheat consumption of the country will easily fall to four and one half bushels. We should then have, on an estimated yield of 600,000,000 bushels: Total available supply 6fi3,n00,000 Kequirea lor consumption ana seea.444,ow,uuo Leaving for export and reserve.. 119,000,000 And if the present crop comes. up to the government estimates of 639,000,000 there would be 89,000,000 bushels to be added to the above balance, which would permit of an export of about 100,000,000 bushels and still leave generous reserves to begin the next year with. This calculation may err on the one side as badly as the previous one did on the other, but It Is not probable. The situation is admittedly such as to favor only very small wheat exports. Even on a crop of 637,800,000 bushels last year exports of wheat and flour as wheat for the year to July 1 last amounted only to 120.727.613 bushels, compared with shipments of 202,900,800 bush- els In the previous year, and 234,772,600 In the year before that. Certainly, then, a crop of 100,000,000 bushels below that of last year -cannot spare more than 100,000,000 bushels of export and not that except In case of material reduction in home con sumption. But this reduction is bound to come, with prices as they are. The bull speculators In the wheat pita are plainly Overdoing! their case; and the better they succeed In keeping prices above $1 a bushel for the present the -more certain becomes a following sensational collapse In the mar ket. A reasonable consideration of present known conditions respecting this trade makes It safe to predict that $7 a barrel for flour In this part of the country is more than it will ba commanding next spring. REMEDY FOR TRUST EVILS. Meaanrea Which May Convert the Trusts Into Friendly Agencies. John Bates Clark In the Century. We know of at least four things to which we must put an end if we are to convert the trusts Into friendly agencies. First, we must stop discriminations by railroads. Favoring the big shipper has to commend It the plausible argument that he makes the railroad less trouble than does the smaller shipper, for a given amount of freight; but this argument becmos shal low enough when It is mada to justify a policy of helping the big shipper to crush the small one. Equal rnti for carload lots of goods of a common kind will have to be established. Another thing that sill have to be sloped Is flooding a particular locality with goods offered at cut-throat pricey for the tuke of crushing a comi)iit jr . who Is there operating. EconpmlHts point out rt'.ff- cultles In the way of this pollc, an 1 law- ( , . . ,, , i yers point out others. The policy is ir.doJ a difficult one, but if It vera an Impost ibie policy we should have to innki i way to success In adopting and enforcing It, and there is very little douot that with wi-dom and determination ve cin do I'. There Is also the pluti t selling ona kind of goods at a cheap r.ito for the rake of orushlng competitors, who make cr.lv that kind of goods, and forcing them to sell their plants to the trust on t3 own tetrns. Putting an end to this by law may be evjn harder than stopping the cut-throat com petition which acts locally, but it viil hive to be done If we are ever to ba completely free from the evils and the perils that monopolies bring. Finally there is the "factor's agree ment" tha refusal by the trust to sell gods to a dealer at a living price unless he wil promise not to buy any similar arti cles from a competitor. The trust may say to a merchant, "Buy exclusively from us and we will give you a discount by which you may make a moderate return. Buy anything from another source and wa will give you a discount so small that you will have to sell at a loss everything that comes from our shops." If these shops ar turning out things that we must have he will come to terms and buy only from tha trust, and tha independent mill will find It hard to reach the publio with Its tender of goods. Less difficult, on the whole, than the preceding measures will be the suppression of the factor's agree ment, and yet even this will be difficult enough. It Is a hard and uphill road that democracy must travel In It efforts to regulate trusts, but there Is no possible doubt that It must travel by that route or go farther and far worse. There Is so cialism a aa vr prnt alternative. 8EMATOR FAIRBANKS' LETTER, Plain, Clear, Practical. Chicago Post. A plain, clear, practical statement of facts. Sagacious nnd Sensible. Chicago Tribune. Senator Fairbanks Is neither eloquent no brilliant, but ha is eminently oogaclous and possessed of an uncommon amount of common sense. Doctrine Without Passion. Indianapolis News. It states the republican doctrine with out paxslon and In the manner of a man firmly and conscientiously convinced of Its truth. Case Clearly Presented. Philadelphia Prcs. Added to the president's and the earlier deliverances of both; the republican casa has been clearly and fully presented. Figures nnd Facts Massed. v Baltimore American. Senator Fairbanks arrays his figures and masses his facts, and upon the whole ha constructs a logical system of breastworks that his democratla adversaries have found it impossible to break through, either by direct attack or strategem. .o a lilt Excited. New York Sun. A temperately written document, present ing no campaign novelties and raising no new Issue, but commanding respect and attention by the sobriety of Its expression. I-AKSIM! PLEASANTRIES. "Are you taking an active part in tha campaign?" a in i taking an active part7 urea Scott! I'm making the campaign collec tions!" Chicago Tribune. The dentist gazed iona and earnestly Into the cavity in the nuin's tooth. well. saiu the man. wnat ao you eeT" "I think," said the dentist, "that I soa n opening for a job." Cleveland Leader. "They say." remarked the observant man, "that the darkest hour Is Just bit fore the dawn, and " 'Gee whizz!" exclaimed Lazlman. "that's my brightest and happiest hour. I'm in variably asleep then." Philadelphia 1'ress. "So vour vounarest daughter is hnvliur her voice cultivated." Well. answered Mr. Cumrox. "that a the way mother and the girls express It. But between you and me, I hired the pro- iesor in me nope or getting it cured. Washington Star. "Dear." said Mr. Knott-Lonsrwed. "what would you do If I should die? A tear stoon in his young wire s eye. "I shudder to think of it. Henrv. ' sha said. 'I should be perfectly Inconsolable unlosa some good, kind, affectionate man just like you should come along." Chicago Tribune. "Bill " "What Is it. Sue?" "I'm goln" to tell you one thing an' that Is this: Ef you've got airy razor or gun on you, an' go cuttln' an' slashin' folks at tho social, I won't go to the hangln' with you nexi rnaay: Atlanta constitution. They sav that he has a Dast." said Mlaa Primly, and there wus awo in her voice. Well, said Miss Speedson, if he has one, he s going so fast now that It will never overtake him." Cleveland Leader. "How is It that the enmnanv declared a 10 per cent dividend last year nnd had a 10 per cent deflrtt this year with the same amount of business?" "They had to have the deficit to balance the dividend." Philadelphia Telegraph. Girl with the Gibson Olrl Neck I always feel sorry for Mr. Squllford when he's out to company. He doesn't know what to do with hln hands. Girl with the Julia Marlowe Dlmnlo Well, If ever you have occasion to dance with him you'll be sorry for yourself. Ha doesn't, know what to do with his feet, lther. Chicago Tribune. "Say. pa." "Well, whet?" "Why does that man In the band rufc the trombone down his throat?" "I suppose it is because he haa a taste for music." Town Topics. WALLS OF COB. (Reprinted by Request ) Smiling and beautiful heaven's dome Bends softly over our prairie home. But the wide, wide lands that stretch away Before my eyes In the days of May; The rolling prairie's billowy swell. Breezy upland and timbered dell; Stately mansion and hut forlorn All are hidden by walls of ootBV All the wide world Is narrowed doW To walls of corn now sere and brown, WhaAdo they hold these walls of corn. Whose banners toss In the breeze of mornf He who questions may soon be told A. great state's wealth these walls enfold. No sentinels guard th'ese walls of corn, Never Is sounded the warder's horn; Yet the pillars are hung with gloaming" gold, Left all unbarred, though thieve are bold. Clothes and food for the toiling poor; Wealth to heap St the rich mun's door; Meat for the healthy and balm for him Who moans and tosses in chamber dim; Shoes' for the barefooted; pearls to twins In the scented tresses of ladles fine; Things of use for the lowly cot Where (Bless the corn!) want cometh notf Luxuries rare for the mansion grand. Booty for thieves that rob the land All these things, and so. many more It would fill a book to name them o'er, Are hid and held In these walls of corn. Whose banners toss in the breeze of morn. Where do tliey stand, these walls of corn. Whose bunners toss in the breeze of morn? Open the atlas, conned by rule In the olden days of tha district school " "v Point to this rich and bounteous hind That yields such fruits to the toiler's hand. "Treeless desert" they railed It then. Haunted by beauts and ftiraook by men. Little they knew what wealth untold Lay bid where the desolate prairies rolled. Who would hav dared, with brush or pen. As this land Is now, to paint it then? And how would the wise ones have laughed In Bcorn Had prophet foretold these walla of corn. Whosa bunners toss in the breeze of mornl -ELLEN P. ALLKHTON. Weakh ungs Inherited, perhaps. Nat ural tendency to take cold. Possibly a case or two of con sumption in the family. Then don't neglect your coughs and colds. Heal your throat artd strengthen your lungs with Ayer's Cherry Pectoral. Ask your doctor if he can give you better advice. " We btvs had Ayer's Cherry Pectoral in ourfamily for many years. Forthroat and lung troubles It alwsys helps." Frank Rogers, Greenwood, Wis. Ifc., M., tl.M. .CAYUCa.Uvtll.Mts.