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THE OMATIA DAILY BEE: SATURDAY. JANUARY 21. 1903.
Tiie Omailv Daily Bee. E. ROSE WATER, EDITOR. FTBU8HED EVERT MORNINO. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Dally ism (mlthmit Sunday), ona rear. .4 SO Vajy and Sunday, ona year '' Illustrated Bee. one year JJ Punday He, one rar ? Saturday JJ.p, one far 1 Twentieth Century Farmer, ofae year... DELIVERED OT CARRIER. Daily P' (without PutkI-iv). p-r rorv... J Ia'ly Ha (wltlim t Kundny). pr wX...12o Dally Bee (including Sunday), per wtk..l.c Sundny Hw, per copy Evening IW (without Funday), rr week 10 Evening Be (Including; Sunday), per week 12 Complaint of Irrgul:ir1tl In dMIvery thou Id be addressed to City Circulation De partment. OFFICES. Omaha The 1W Building. uth Omalm-City Hall building. Twenty fifth and M utrectn. Council BMifTa 1" Pearl street. Clilragol40 fnlty building. N" Yrk-23:H P.nrk How building. Washington ;V1 Fourteenth street. CORRESPONDENCE. Commnnlrallons relating to nrwa nnd edi torial mutter should be addressed: Omaha Bee, Editorial Department. REMITTANCES. Remit by druft, expreiw or poftal order, parable to The Bee Publlhlng Company. Only 2-rent utamj.a received In payment (I mall accounts Peraonal checks, except on Umnh or esstorn exchanges, not accented. THE BEE PUBLISH INO COMFANT. HTATEMENT OT-CIRCULATION. Btafa of Nebraska, Douglaa County, M.: Oeorge U Trschuck, secretary of The Bea Publishing Company, being duly eworn. ays that the actual number of foil and complete copte of The Dally, Morning. Evenlrg and flunday Bee printed duiing the month of December. 1904. wu aa followa: l rn.noo 1 20,200 S2.fl50 4 31,220 i sm.aoo 80,020 7 20.100 .. 2t.aso 1 2,MlO 10 82,(MIO It JM.2SO 12 29,100 U 28.TN0 14 2H,TBO IS 2A.7KO 17.... 11.... II.... 30.... .. M.T1S .. no. 200 .. tH.HHO .. 2M.OSO n smjmo it 3N.220 a sm.huo U 81.BOO 304220 ft SH.500 27 .3BO 28 28,470 19 88.220 M 28.S30 tL. 81,170 14 28,770 Total 821.TM Lesa unsold copies 10.13U Net total sales U.46 DaUly avera- 20,408 QEORQE a TZ8CHUCK. Subscribed In my presence and sworn to before ma this 21al day of December, 1904. (Seal) U. B. H UNGATE, Notary Public The third big:, new grain elevator for Omaha la now In sight Let the good work go on. It was hardly necessary for China to affirm that It would be neutral. What Is wanted Is for belligerents to recog nize Its neutrality. Representative Dodge's primary elec tion bill prescribes a test oath more odious even than that embodied in the Gilbert test-oath bill passed by the last legislature. Cut It out Senator Smoot on the witness stand declares he has no sympathy with polyg amy, which ought to be true, seeing how much trouble the Institution has caused him since he was elected to office. Now that a British steamer has been condemned by Japan for transporting contraband of war, Great Britain may insist that allies should treat each other with a degree of courtesy not accorded strangers. - .... . .1 President Loubet Is said to have been a mechanic In his younger days, but he' surely never had a more difficult Job than building a cabinet out of the heterogenous material from which he must choose. Omaha now counts among its citizens a Knight of the Order of Wasa to keep company with Its Count of the Holy Roman Empire and its distinguished Bearer of the Iron Cross. Nothing Is too good for Omaha. The German emperor and the Russian czar now have opportunity to show which has studied the labor question to the greater advantage by bringing about an amicable settlement of the strikes which are in progress. Austria and Russia have agreed upon plans for governing Macedonia. It may be easier to secure the approval of Tur key than of tho Macedonian insurgents, who are now piling up arms for a fight and may want to use them. Lincoln republicans have fixed upon February 7 and 14 for their direct pri maries to nominate candidates for city offices. They will take no chances by waiting for the legislature to enact a new primary law for them. If Wisconsin legislators carry out their promise to send LaFolIette to the senate of the United States President Roosevelt will be assured of one hearty lieutenant In. the upper branch of con gress when he tries to adjust the rail road problem. ' ' i It Is to be noted that the World Hera Id's uncompromising opposition to the supreme court commission has be come really vehement since the supreme court which la vested with the appoint ing power, passed from fusion to re publican control. St. Petersburg employers say the question of an eight-hour day Is one to be settled by the goverumeut, while In America every oppoueut of a shorter workday Insists it Is something the gov ernment should let alone. And both are striving for the same object after all. On one thing, fortunately, all our charter revisers are agreed. They all admit the uselessness of the Board of Public Works as now constituted and the need ft the transfer o its functions to some authority that will promote pub lic Improvements when demanded in stead of blocking them. Senator-elect Burkett says be is op posed to the government doing anything Yvhich private Individuals can do. That tneans, probably, that he h opposed to a parcels post. Wa apprehend, however, that the people of Nebraska, by a large majority, would prefer to have the ex greet companies' monopoly broken up. vstTixo ron opposition. A few days acr a conference of prom inent raiiroad oincials was held in New York City to discuss proposed legisla tion affecting railway rates and accord ing to report twenty-nine systems, com prising practically every railroad In tho country, are twing merped Into a con crete unit for the pecluo purpose of overcoming legislation at Washington having for Its objpet rnte repulution. It is stated that the alliance Is to be of fensive and defensive, but largely the former. The report says: "The deter mination of the railroad companies to act as a unit In the flsht to prevent the legislation has already buried some of the Individual antagonisms which have existed for a long time between presi dents of different systems. The combined power of the railroads of the country In Washington Is held to be greater than that of any other combina tion of Interests. With all of their en ergy and power concentrated upon a single purpose, they are counted upon to make a fight that will test the strength of President Roosevelt." Without giving full credence to this report, ft can bo said that It Is by no means Improbable, In spite of the fact that some of the men who attended the conference have been understood not to be averse to further legislation In the direction recommended by . President Roosevelt At all events It Is well that the leading railroad men should confer and let the country know Just where they stand In regard to this most Im portant question. If they Intend to nnite in fighting against additional leg islation for remedying abuses that they admit exist, and which they profess to be unable to correct the sooner the public Is assured of their Intention the better. There Is no doubt as to the at titude of the national administration and It Is fully approved by the people. There Is every reason to believe that there will be no departure by the presi dent from the position he has taken. The disposition shown In congress Is to comply with the views of the president If the railroads are determined to resist the public demand represented by the president let them so declare without delay. The people want to know defi nitely how the railroads stand In re spect to this vital matter whether they are willing to have existing abuses cor rected or propose to have perpetuated conditions that are admittedly Injurious to the general welfare. SEW JERSEY UORPORAfluy LAWS. New Jersey Is known to tho country as the foremost trust-making state. Her corporation laws are peculiarly liberal and ha-ve been taken advantage of by the trust organizers to a greater extent than those of any other commonwealth. From this the state has derived a larr revenue and the new governor, Edward C. Stokes, is desirous that this source of Income shall not be . disturbed. In bis Inaugural address he pointed out that more than three-fourths of the in come of New Jersey came from corpo rations domiciled there and he raised the question whether or not this rev enue can be maintained in its present volume, saying that other states are competing for Incorporation business and that the rates in those states are cheaper than are New Jersey's. Governor Stokes said that legislation for revenue only Is unsound and should never be encouraged, but honest legisla tion, which safeguards the rights of the public, and thereby attracts capital and enterprises and produces increased In come, is New Jersey's aim- The. state "does not compete in any race between states for revenue where the inducement to Incorporation Is laxity of law." He urged that not only should the rights of investing stockholders be protected, but also the obligations of the corporation to the state and to the people at large should be efficiently enforced. He rec ommended the appointment of a com mission to revise the corporation laws, with a view to eradicating any abuses that may have crept In and bringing them into accord with more advanced conditions. We do not know that the corporation laws of New Jersey are any more ob jectionable than those of some other states that have foUowed her example, but there is no doubt that they can be improved and ought to be. That state is to a very large extent responsible for the great corporations of which there is so much complaint and while she has found profit In It a great deal of Injury has been done to the people at large. It is time for a change of policy in this matter. ASIATIC LABOR. The feeling of hostility on the Pacific coast to Chinese and Japanese labor ap pears to be as strong as 'ever nnd has recently shown itself in an aggressive form. Referring to this the Sun Fran clsco Call remarks that tho time has come when the good name of California requires that the mobbing of Chinese aud Japanese shall cease. It points out that those people are there in the ex ercise of their treaty rights and stat utory privileges and says that these treaties and statutes are made by the constitution the supreme law of the land. "If that law is wrong it may be amended or repealed." declares the Call, "hut it would be a cowardly con gress that would repeal it or abrogate a treaty at the behest of mobs." To do this would be to turn the country over to mobs. In regard to the employment of Asi atic labor, the San Francisco paper says it is necessary to the great fruit growing industry of the state. There are many large fruit growers who Insist that the increasing scarcity of this re liable and adapted labor Imperils the whole fruit interest. "Here then Is an industrial condition that must be faced nd a problem that must be solved. If mobs refuse permission to the Japanese and Chinese to lalxir, the fruit Industry must contract and perish down to the proportion in which white labor will do the work required to maintain it" It would seem from this that there Is an awakening, at least In California, to the disadvantage of excluding Asiatic labor when there is not sufficient white labor to supply the demand and undoubtedly the difficulty which the fruit growers of that state are now experiencing will be come more serious as their industry grows. No change of sentiment on the Taciflc const in regard to the keeping out of Asiatic labor is to be expected, but It ought to be practicable to protect the employment of such labor as is al ready there from tho Interference of mobs and It will be a discredit to Cali fornia if this is not done. EXECVTIYK HESPOXSIBILITT. The proposition to confer upon the Board of Fire and Police Commissioners the power of enforcing the laws of the state and ordinances of the city cannot commend Itself to nil who desire respon sibility for law enforcement centered in tho executive, whether the executive functions devolve upon the governor of a state or the mayor of a city. Such a scheme is, moreover, in conflict with the principle of home rule, unless the police commission is made elective the same as the mayor. To confer upon a police commission appointed by a governor and responsible to the governor only, the ex clusive power to enforce the laws within the limits of the city would practically make the governor the chief executive of the city Instead of the mayor. The proposed change would, moreover, create confusion nnd frequently tend to defeat rather than promote law enforce ment. A board of police commissioners could not act individually, but must act collectively In giving orders for law en forcement Consequently, every order would have to be given by a majority of the board at regular or special sessions of that body. This would be found a hindrance to prompt law enforcement in case of sudden mob violence or unfore seen disturbances and spontaneous out bursts of lawlessness, unless the commis sion could delegate the power to exer cise its functions to the chief of police and leave to him discretionary power of action In all emergencies calling for po lice protection. In plain English, the proposition to di vest the mayor of executive authority In the enforcement of law would make the chief executive of a city a mere figure head when by rights he should be what the name implies the head of a munici pal government, responsible for the maintenance of peace and good order In the city nnd for prompt and decisive ac tion In the suppression of lawlessness in any and all emergencies. It goes without saying that nothing would gratify the people of Nebraska more than the enactment by the legis lature of sane and well matured laws that would effectually curb the power Of trusts and prevent extortion, discrimi nation and favoritism on. the part of public carriers, including railroads, ex press companies, telephone and tele graph companies. It goes without say-, Ing, also, that members of the legis lature will make no political capital by the introduction of anti-trust, bills and anti-railroad bills they know to be un constitutional or impracticable of en forcement In other words, the people of Nebraska are not likely to be im posed upon by any grandstand play under the flag of anti-monopoly. We already have on the statute books very rigid anti-trust laws and a maximum rate law has never been repealed, al though it has been made inoperative by the decision of the supreme court declaring unconstitutional the State Board of Transportation, acting as a railroad commission. Manifestly the legislature does not need so much to enact new anti-trust laws and new rail road regulation laws as it does to amend the laws now on the statute books so as to make them effective under the Inter pretation given by state and federal courts. Is the number of members In the present legislature sufficient to make up a majority' of the two houses willing, and ready to do this? . The executive committee of the Civic Federation, which assumes to speak for all the men and women who are enrolled in that organization, has Issued a mani festo defending the Jug-handle compro mise with the brewers and saloon keep ers. This is Just what might have been expected. When the aforesaid executive committee roads the response to the manifesto in next Sunday's issue of The Bee it will discover that it has not mended matters much by Its explana tion. One great weakness or Governor Folk's code for the government of pro fessional lobbyists If applied to Ne braska would be that it would fail al together to touch the legislative cor ruptionlsts who are part of the per manent population of Lincoln. The dangerous lobbyists in this state are not all Imported from outside of the capital city. Complalut is made because St. Pet ersburg newspapers published only the admitted facts regarding the firing upon tho winter palace. Frobably the com plainants are in the habit of reading yel low Journals, who would have proven the guilt of a dozen different people be fore the smoke cleared away and taken it all back in the next edition. ' It Is a laudable movement organized by the students of the State university to prevent cheating In examinations, but a lamentable situation that should re quire an organized effort to repress such an abuse. If a student starts out cheat ing to get through college, what will he not resort to to get through life after he emerges from college! A ('ODirtiitonal Hagaboo. New Tork Tribune. The "special srin" Is the bugaboo which now haunts the dreams of congress men. The time is coming, however, when congress will get over this fear and realize that the preaent short veaslons are not long enough te transact the public bualnaaa with the cars and thoroughness It requires. When this realization comes It will no longer be tiecewary to hold the special ses sion In terrorem over congress In order to secure legislation which tha people demand. A Roiit that Pays. Philadelphia Inquirer. Terhars turning Erlstow out of a $4,000 Job Into one paying I'.B.OOO was a kind ot "kicking upstairs;" but. If so, we know quite ft number of people who would be willing to submit to that sort of humilia tion. Sarrasm of Poabter. Philadelphia Ledger, it is discovered that people are going back to the farms that the movement which built up the cities at the expense of the country is reversing Itself. Statistics are given, but as they are mere guesswork It is not worth while to consider them. If people are going back to the farms, per haps it Is because the rural trolley cars are heated and offer losn eportunlty to the microbes of pneumonia than do the town cars. "Imaginary Grievances." Minneapolis Journal. The general traffic manngcr of the Santa Fe railroad tolls the cattle shippers that their grievances are all Imaginary. They are like the man who tells his wife he was going to the dentist to have an aching tooth pulled. She Informed him confidentially that he had no toothache. It was aJl Imagi nation. "Then I guess I'll have him pull my Imagination," he retorted. It may be Imagination with the cattle shippers, but It hurts and they won't te happy until they get It pulled. la There a Connecting l.lnkf Chicago Chronicle. Considering that Mrs. Chadwlck has ha bitually asserted that she was a blood rela tive of Mr. Carnegie, and considering that Mr. Carnegie has for the last two months positively refused to contradict her asser tion or to tell what he docs or does not know about her, the public can but regard it as significant that he should repay any one who has lost money through her fraud ulent use of his name. Wealthy people will certainly consider that he is setting them a bad example. THE SPOIL OF WAR. I'sefnl and Valuable Property Cap tared at Port Arthur. Cleveland Leader. It appears by reports sent by the Japa nese government to its legation at Wash ington that the Russians did not succeed In so completely wrecking their fortifica tions, ships and stores at Port Arthur as to prevent the victors from gaining' valua ble spoils of war by the fall of the fortress. Tho official reports Indicate that four Rus sian battleships are considered to be In such condition that they can be raised, repaired and made available for service. Two cruis ers are also counted among the vessels which can be fitted tor Japanese use, and there are fourteen gunboats and torpedo boat destroyers in tha same condition. (Thirty-five small steamers are so little damaged that they can be used ' without much loss of time or outlay of money for repairs. The battleship Sevastopol seems to be deemed a total wreck. The immense importance of such addi tions to the Japanese navy as this report Indicates needs no explanation. The four battleships will undoubtedly require months of hard work to put them in condition for service, , but In the end they promise to add at least 60 per cent to the fighting strength of the Japanese line of battle at sea. It will make a vast difference, a few months hence, in the naval power of Japan. The spoils of the forts also prove of great value, for they include 646 guns, of which fifty-four are rated of large caliber, and Over 82,000 projectiles for artillery. There are more than tt.000 V rifles, some 84,000 pounds of powdr,i besides two and a quar ter million cartridges for small arms; not much for such a garrison aa Stoessel com manded, but still an addition to the military stores of Japan which is worth taking into account. Over 1,900 horses will be prised by a country poor in such animals. Clearly the taking of Port Arthur, terrible though the price paid Indubitably was, has proved a rich and memorable triumph from every point of view. . POLITICAL DRIFT. -Dispatches from the capital of Missouri give the Impression that Mr. Nledrlnghaus and Mr. Kerens do not speak as they pass by. After an absence of six years Thomas H. Carter comes back smiling as senator from Montana. Thomas belongs to the tribe you can't lose. A Colorado man is trying to get the legis lature of his state to pass the ten com mandments; but the legislators are tor the most part agreed that it Is folly to place upon the statute books laws which public opinion is not ready to uphold. Pennsylvania's Capitol commission renews its assurances that the building will be completed for the original appropriation of $4,000,000. With the memory of Philadelphia's city hall in mind, Keystoncrs hesitate about accepting the promise at face value. On President Roosevelt's forehead there still remains the red mark of the violent fall from his horse only a few days before his great victory on November 8. Few were awaro at the time of the seriousness of the accident or how miraculous was the president's escape from death. For the first time in its history a presi dent of the United 6tutes Mr. Roosevelt is to be the gtiest of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick at their annul dinner In New York City on March 17. The Friendly Sons are not a political organization, although many of the members are power ful politicians. They are an organization which cares for, iC necessary, poor Irtish gentlemen and gentlewomen. Thomas Lawson halts between knocks on his former friends to define an alderman. "An alderman," he gays, "is a person into whose mouth good things are perpetually going and none coma out. Ills shoulders, like some city streets, are widened at the expense ot the corporation. Rut an alder man has his redeeming qualities, lie always has wisdom, for he has a wine tooth and he always has something good about him his digestion." There are now In the senate Ave men who have at one time or another held important positions in presidential cabinets, and each is a lawyer of enviable reputation. Philander Chase Knox gave up the attorney general ship that he might sit in the senate with Siuator Penrose as representing the state of Pennsylvania, Henry M. Teller of Colorado sat at the table of President Arthur's official family as secretary of the interior. Redfleld Proctor of Vermont, Russell Alexander Alger of Michigan and Stephen Benton Elkins of West Virginia aJl have served as secretaries ot war Alger under McKlnley and the two others under Benjamin Harrison. Senator Thomas C. Piatt of New York has a record that la probably not equalled by any man in tha country, and certainly by no senator or representative In congress. Senator Piatt has been a delegate to eight national conventions In succession, begin ning in 1S78 and down to 1K04. For twenty eight years he has been going to the na tional conventions of his party and par ticipated In the nomination of Hayes and Wheeler, Garfield and Arthur, Dlalne and Licgan, Harrison and Murton, Harrison and Reld, McKlnley and Hobart, McKlnley and Roosevelt and Roosevelt and Fairbanks. Only two of the eight nominations has he seen defeated at the poll. OTHER LAXD3 THA Ol R. The lat great labor war In the German mines took place In l.?. Then about 100. 000 men went out In Westphalia and the Rhine provinces and. although the strike was settled In less than two weeks, there were fatal collisions between troors and the populace, flres were extinguished In many forges an,l factories fod the whole empire, felt the disruption of notmnl con ditions very severely. Intervention by the emperor brought about concessions to the miners and industrial pe"- Now the coal mining Industry of Germany is on a far larger scale. The socialists, radicals In all matters pertaining to work and wages, who were comparatively weak In 1?, are the largest political body In Germany. They cast over ..0).ui) votrs In iyX5, and they are full of aggressive confidence. Another very serious phase of the strike which be gan this week Is the fact that (Jerman In dustries are Just recovering from the de pression caused by the financial crisis of 1001. Captains of Industry In the German manufacturing and mining districts are not In the mood to submit gracefully to a long blockade of business In the most Important productive centers of the country. Nor is the government less anxious to avoid such disaster. The recent reorganization of the Rrltlah navy has directed the attention of Cana dians to the old questions of naval defense and the propriety of Canada contributing something toward the expenses of the Brit ish navy. A long article on the subject ap peared recently In the Montreal Herald, one of tho leading liberal papera in the province Cf Quebec. The writer says that when the matter comes up at the proposed Intercolonial conference, tho Canadian rep resentatives may be expected to express the country's readiness to meet all natural Canadian requirements in a natural way. He adds that Canadians would cheerfully bear the coat of maintaining Halifax and Equlmalt. They would also bear th charge of building and maintaining ships of such size and number as are essential to the proper control of the waters In which Can adian trading vessels ply. But It Is not probable that In 1906, any more than In 1902, Canadian ministers would assent to the suggestions of a cash contribution for the maintenance of a service which Is chiefly the affair of Great Britain, whose very existence depends upon it. The first railway built In China was a toy affair presented to the Chinese emperor in the '60s, In the hope that it might commend Itself to the Chinese government. But the emperor and the mandarins looked askance at such a revolutionary Idea, and the Hong Kong Dally Press says It was not until late In the '70s that permission was reluctantly wrung from the author ities to construct a railroad from Shang hai to Woosung. The first section was opened in 1876 and it was much patron ized by the natives. But the Chinese gov ernment closed it to traffic in October the following year, tore up the track and re moved the rails and equipment to Formosa, where everything was allowed to rust. In 1S96 the provincial authorities were al lowed to build a line from Shanghai to Soochow, and in 1898 the first section, terminating at Woosung, was opened to traffic. In 1900 a concession was made to a British and Chinese corporation to extend the railway from Soochow to Nanking, which absorbed the pioneer line. This was recently transferred from the Chinese Imperial administration to a board ot British and Chinese commissioners, and It constitutes the chief available asset in operation of the British concessionaires In China, Since the first concession for railways i China was made to the Brit ish the Japanese have constructed a com plete system throughout their Islands, and their activity at home is doubtless influ encing the Chinese government to favor them now' by 'awarding them the canceled British concessions. It is estimated that at the present Urns there are 13,000 to 15.000 men in Glasgow in enforced idleness. If the district about Glasgow Is considered the number is from 10,000 to 25,000. Nearly every line of in dustry Is represented In this army of un employed, but probably the greatest num ber are from the building and kindred trade. Not sines 18S6 have there been so many unemployed. In Glasgow 3,500 have applied to the city government for relief by seeking employment in its service. These applications have been made in response to a scheme of the city government for the relief of the most necessitous and de serving cases. The stagnation in business is well nigh universal. Under Peter the Great Russia gained much territory from Sweden, and pushed her boundaries aouth and west at the ex pense of Poland and Turkey. In ths reign of Catherine the Great, late In the eigh teenth century, Russia took a leading part In tha disruption of Poland, gaining 180,000 square miles and 6.000,000 Inhabitants. The Crimea and extensive regions adjacent were wrested from Turkey. Under Alexander I., In 1809, Finland was added to the Rus sian empire. In 1812 Turkey ceded a wide strip of territory down to the Pruth, Geor gia, In the Caucasus region, had been ac quired In 1S01, and in 1813 Persia gave up extensive and rich districts south of the Caucasus. Most of the Polish territory which had originally fallen to Prussia was given to Russia, in 1815, by the congress of Vienna. In 1828 Russia added part of Armenia to her realm. The Caucasus tribes were gradually overcome until their con quest' was finished In 18G4. Russian acces sions of territory In northern Asia came through exploration, settlement and mili tary force. The Paclflo was reached by the middle of tho seventeenth century, and In l'H Russia was established on the banks of the Amur. In 1784 a permanent settle ment had been made in Alaska, and sotm that region was under Russian control. Its sale to the United Statea was the only great cession of territory which Russia has made in modern times. The Amur region, on the Paclflo goast, was ceded to China in 1858. In central Asia the Russian troops occupied Samarkand in 18G8, and Khiva was subjugated In 1873. Kliorkaud was an nexed three, years later, and by 1884 the conquest of the Transcasplan region was finished. At the close of the Turkish war in 1878 a slice of Turkish Armenia, became Russian. Statistical returns Issued by the Prussian ministry of the Interior show that there has been, during ths laat thirty years, a re markable decrease In the birth rate In all Prussian towns with populations exceed ing 100,000. From 1S75 to 1S80 the average birth rate per thousand of the population of Lerlin was 45; from 18S1 to 1885. 3S; from 1884 to 1890, 34; from 1891 to 1895, 81, and from 1896 to 1900, S8. Ths birth rate at Bres lau decreased from 43 In 1875 to 36 In lno, and at Krefeld from 46 te 30 during the same period. There has been a similar di minution in the birth rate of nineteen other Prussian towns, while no increase In the birth rate in any Prussian town la recorded. It is noteworthy, however, that while the birth rate has decreased tha marriage rate In all the Prussian towns la still aa high as It was thirty years ago, and In some cases is higher than at any time since 1875. rhaagea for tha Better. Baltimore American. Nogl says that Stoessel Is a gentleman and is to be treated as such. This is a big Improvement on the days when captives were led in chains to exhibit their humilia tion and the vanity ot their victor as a public show. JERSEY'S REVERIE TROH TRI STS. t ablnihlna- Boast of a Fall Till front Ialoas tonrre'S. Chicago Chronicle. Edward C. Stokes, the new governor of New Jersey, stated some facts In his In augural address which are of interest to people ouUlde of his state. Congratulating the people of New Jersey on their good fortune, he stated that at the closo of the iast fiscal year ths balance In their state treasury w as over C91O.0UO. The ordinary receipts fir the same year, he said, amounted to more than $i.9X:.0i. The point of the governor's congratulation lay in the fact stated by him that "of th entire Income of tho government not a penny was contributed directly by the peo ple," and that ricarlylTS per rent of It "came from railroads and the business com panies domiciled in cur state." These business companies, ns we all know, are mostly companies originating outside of the state and doing most of their business elsewhere. The big Fteel corpora tion Is a conspicuous example. Hy way of formal compliance with the law those com panies have offices In New Jersey which are within easy reach of their main offices. Just across the river In the city of New York. These companies are the source of most of the revenue of which the people of New Jersey Indirectly contribute only a trifle. Happy people! Governor Stokes reminds them that the revenue of which they con tribute not a penny directly not only suf fices to meet all tho ordinary expenses of tho state government. Including thoss for charities and education, but also to develop "a magnlfllcent road system, embracing one-third of tha macadam or state roads of the United States." The people of New Jersey have reason to feel about as comfortable as a certain suburb of Chicago which gets enough out of race tracks and a lot of saloons to cover nearly all its public expenditures. Governor Stokes' Inaugural Is a shame leas confession of Jersey selfishness and of a purpose still further to share its Incor poration laws not for the good of the gen eral public, but to get the utmost revenue out of them and by making tho trusta at home otherwise In New Jersey. LI.ES TO A SMILE. Mr. Iss-What did you do at your Audu bon club today? " Mrs. Wise We passed a resolution con demning cukoo clocks. San Francisco Call. .,"Botll ' ,hn(,e Jimson boys are so versa- ii.?K l.(?nww?rk8.wltn Ws hands, the other with his brains." "Yes. one can do many things, the other m.ake"?ut. ,0 do many People." Cleveland Plain Dealer. "Oh, Dick, Pick, you ungrateful boy! You are going to tho bad in spite of tha careful training 1 have given you." "Wen, father, If I'm departing from It aoesn t that prove that you didn't train me In the way I ahould go?" Chicago Tri bune. Higglns Chewing gum again? What do cnj'oy ltt Surely, you cannot really Wiggins I don't chew gum because I like it, but because It is good for dyspepsia. Higglns But wouldn't It be pleasanter te have the dyspepsla?-Boston Transcript, "Dear father," wrote the young lawyer Who tinit itimr hnn n... kl. -v., , ' great city, "congratulate me today I won my nrst suit. "And," he continued, to himself, "It's a lucky thing the cards ran as they did, or I . mine, ciumes. Cleve land Leader. "Senatorial courtesy is a great thing " said the dignified maji. ' "Yes," answered Senator Sorghum; "so long as they don't carry It so far as to re- COAL WOOD COKE KINDLING Se" f.he b??t h, Cooking Coal-clean, hot. lasting. 22ki2,ng8' Hann?' herldanrWalnut Block. Steam Coal. Best medium grade Is Illinois Nut $6; Egg and Lump $6.25. KrKeaalr9. 2nd '""jaces-Cherokee Nut ,$5.25; Lump ff'-fs? hot burner-Missouri Nut, large size S4.GO: Lump ' j 8caTton-the best Pennsylvania Anthracite mined. Ii?d.riahJ hardes and cleanest Arkansas Anthracite. All coal hand-screened and weighed over any city scales dealred. COUTANT & SQUIRES, ,4Q6Te,Ae983TowT Our Genuine ark Down Sale M of Men's, Boys' and Children's Wearables is meeting with meritorious success while we make no extravagant assertions, you will find a great part of our many lines of merchandise reduced in price 25, 33 & 50 (An especially good time to buy an overcoat for next winter). Besides the generous mark down on our Suits and Overcoats. We've a lot of $3 and ? punts that we are selling at a special price of 33 Boys' Sailor Blouse Suits that sold for 3, $G, ?7, $8.50 now $3.50 and $5.00 Child's 2-piece $0.50 Suits, ?5 Child's 2-piece $3 Suits, $3.50 50c and up to $ 1 Winter odds and ends. fcbc, 73c and $1 Skating at... ..... Men's Winter Cops at about half price. "NO CLOTHING FITS LIKE OURS." R. S. WILCOX, Mgr. i' In . Ui;Uf if CBEAM Improves the flavor and adds to the health fulness of the food. quire us to sit and listen to onn another's speeches ail the way through. Washington "I wonder rstw much Lushman enjoyed his ocean trip?" "Oh, he's dead sore. He paid ths top notch price for a saloon paffase, thinking that was the only way he could get any thing to drink." Philadelphia Ledger. Adam considered his advantages. "At any rate." he remarked, "1 never had to wear anybody's cut down trousers." With a happy smile be watched Kve fix over a fig leaf pair tor little Abel. New York Sun. TUB OLD WATER WAGON. James Barton Adams In Denver Post. It started on its mission at ths dawning of the year, Now the water wagon's standing; In the shed, 'Twaa bright and newly painted and It wheels were all In gear, Now lis gaudy tints are fading in the shed. Many penitential fellows clambered up Its shining side And sat them down all eager for a long and pleasant ride. But they were with sober pleasures fa too quickly satisfied, And the wugon soon was backed Into the shed. How proudly It went rolling with Its precious load on boajd, Now it's standing there neglected In the shed, How gaily on the breezes Its triumphant trumpet roared, Now it slowly gathers cobwebs In tha shed. Its banners fluttered proudly on ths air of mountnlnlnnd, A more attractive chariot the breezes never fanned As rolled It onward close behind the Pro hibition bund. Ere a lack of custom backed It m the shed. We have ridden on that wagon many tunes, both you and I, That old wagon that Is standing In the shed, We have ridden till tha roadway got Un comfortably dry. Then abandoned it and sent It to ths shed. And, perhaps, througk force of habit mora than any great desire To escape the liquid monster with the breath of bourbon fire, We will ride again that wagon now. with rust on every tire. Standing silent and Inactive in the shed. Caps and Tarns, A Tams 25c 31. 1111 I II) Ma aa f f 50