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TIIE OMAITA DAILY BEE: SATURDAY, MARCH 4, 1903.
The Omaiia Daily Bee. E. ROBEWATER, EDITOR. published evert morn1no. Terms op subscription. Pally Be (without Hunday). one year..W Illy K and Sunday. one year $ Illustrated Bee. one year J Sunday Bee., one year " Saturday Bee, one year V Twentieth Century Farmer, one year.... l.W IjKLIVERED BT CARRIER. Dally Bee (without Sunday), per copy.. 2c Ially Hee (without Sunday), per wek....izc Dally Bee (including Bunday), per week..l.c Sunday Hee. per copy , - S Evening Bee (without Sunday), per Week 7c Evening Bee (lpcludlng Sunday), P1 Complajnti'"of "Vrrei'ularities'"in d'vfry should be addressed to City Circulation De partment. OFFICES: Omaha The Bee Bu'Mlng. South Omaha-City HjUI building, Twenty fifth and M streets. Council Bluffs 10 Pearl street . Chlrago-1640 Unity building. New f ork23 Park Row building. Waahington 601 Fourteenth street. , CORRESPONDENCE. Communication relating to new- and edi torial matter should be addressed: Omaha Bee, Editorial Department. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, eiprtna or postal order, payable to The Bee Publishing Company. Only t-cent stamps received in payment or mall accounts. Personal checks, except on Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accepted. TUB BEK PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT CP CIRCULATION. . State of Nebraska, Douglas County, as s. George B. Tzschuck, secretary of The Be Publlihlng Company, being duly sworn, says that the sctual number of full and complete copies of The- Dally, Morning, Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the month of February, 19C. was as follows: 1 9T.ASO 16 ST.620 1..... ...... .S7.SOO 19 XT.BKO ... ...... ... OA C1W 9 X9,WHP if 4.... O30O 18 SO,BO i S 30,100 , 1.. SO.SOO ST.TIO 10 ..8T,BO 7 ,..2T,030 21 7,rBO 2T.SOO K 87.SMO 20,470 . 23 2T.B40 10 27,730 24 JW.1HO 11 80,310 25 30,430 12 80,430 26 80,150 13 27,000 27 2T.340 14 .'.,....87,800 28 ST.TaO Total TD9.530 Less unsold copies 10,4t Net total sales T80.000 Dally average 28,181 GEO. B. TZSCHUCK. Subscribed In my presence and sworn to before me tola 1st day of March. 1905. 8al) M, B. HUNdATE, - Notary Public. Four years more of Teddy. . It Is plain that outdoor circus weather Is not the best stimulus, for an indoor circus. Binger Hermann evidently "burned the letters'", and bow a federal grand jury Is mean enough to Indict him for it Not to be out of fashion, the Omaha city council promises, (.a, furnish a dead lock over, the vacancy in its member ship. ' ,r Colorado legislators cannot complain pf too ljttfe choice, when they corner to considering the reports -of the guberna torial contest committee. T !f The anti-slot machine bill introduced at Lincoln is threatened with extinction unless someone comes -to its rescue. Where is the CMcfedQratipn.l - - ,T.. ' V " v, i' , '-V Roosevelt has "been i.ar. record-breaker all his life and chances, are good that he will break his own record for record breaking in the next four years. The tlnje is here for the Federation of Improvement clubs to put Itself into commission once more and renew! the campaign for beautifying Omaha. The czar is asking for suggestions as to how to improve conditions in Russia, but will probably object to any sugges tion be has not already decided upon. Reports from Japan indicate that the army of the Mikado will feast on cold storage beef when tjia ice' releases the ships, and that Russia will foot the bill. If the program as arranged Is carried out at , Washington today the president should kave enough of the . strenuous life to hold him 'until the next congress meets. ' " . ." Russian, workmen might be willing, to forego the discussion of politics If the government did not denominate as 'poli tics everything it does not want discussed. Iloweir water bill No. 2, with amend ments,, has passed both bouses of the legislature and will,, doubtless, soon be come a. law. We shall then see what W0 shall nee. Omaha architects are . busier right now than they have been for many a day. In a few weeks Omaha builders will b busier than they have been for many seasons. In appropriating public funds for the cointuemortitlou of the first settlement of Anglo-Saxons on American soil con gress has reached a point where it can wfth dignity refuse to go back of that. in the light of the recent speech of Senator Kearus the Junior senator from Utah could not have been displeased with the action of the committee carry ing bs case over until the next session. Consolidation and centralization in all branches pf local government seems to be the, mainspring In all the legislation premotett-by the delegation from, this county that Is o say, la all except the water board. St, Louis "get-iich-qulck" xoncern will par Its victims' 2 cents ton the dol la, which goes to show that the general rut f '"suckers" bas about as much business Judgment as some Ohio bank era; w$o bit on Chadwick bait A bill bas passed the Missouri house of representatives granting St. Louts a larger measure of home rule, especially conferring upon the mayor the right to appoint the board of police commls loners. Mtssourlnns fear the precedent established in electing Folk to office will not always, be folio ed, . ; TH ISAIQZ&ATIQX' The inauguration of a president of the United States Is. an event of na tional Interest. The office of chief ex ecutive -of this republic .with Its popu lation ef more than 80,000,000, Its vast weal tbi and Its large influence among the nations, is a position of the highest honor and of great responsibilities. The constitutional powers of the president are more extensive than those of the head of any other nation, with the ex ception of the autocrat of Russia. He la the commander-in-chief of the army and navy and he has control of .an enormous patronage. He to a very large extent defines the policy of the govern ment, especially in regard to our for eign relations. He cannot declare war, but he may commit the government to a course conducive to war. He can exert more or less Influence upon legis lation, Wben there is a congress In political accord ' with the administra tion.' ne can remove at will civil offi cials whose tenure is not fixed by statute,, and In the military and naval service promotions and assignments are wholly subject to his authority. The great powers of the chief magistrate of the republic have rarely In our history been abused. . When Theodore Roosevelt takes the oath of office today he will be the first vice president wbo ..became president through the death of the chief executive to be elected to the presidency Nominated without opposition, his elec tion was by the greatest popular ma jority ever given a presidential candi date an overwhelming attestation of the public confidence in him. Mr. Roosevelt is now even stronger In the j confidence of the people than he was last November. He has since shown the earnestness and, sincerity of his purpose to do all that Is within ex ecutive power to protect the Interests of the people. He succeeded to the presidency with a promise to observe the policies of his lamented predecessor. That promise has been fulfilled. With a deep sense of his duty to enforce the laws, he has earnestly endeavored to perform that duty and with notable suc cess. He, will continue along the line thus far pursued. Immediately after his election Mr' Roosevelt announced that he would not be a candidate for another term. No one familiar with bis character can doubt the sincerity of this declaration. He will nter upon the presidency "In his own right" with out any political ambition to serve an with an already well-defined policy, so far as our Internal interests are con cerned, to carry. That he. will be suc cessful in this la not to be doubted, be cause he hns an overwhelming major ity of the "people with him. ' . This will be a day of pageantry at the . national capital. The Inaugural procession will probably be the largest ever seen in Washington and It will be In some respects unique, as there will be In it 'Rough Riders, Philippine scouts, cowboys, Porto Rlcans and In dians. ' It is expected that there will be not less than' 2S0.000 visitors in Wash ington" ' If the weatlveK (s propitious it will be a memorable day at the nation's capital. present congress has not been as eco nomical as It was expected to -be, in view of the existing disparity between revenue and expenditures. The advo cates of economy were able to do some thing, but their efforts did not avail very much and the total appropriations of the Fifty-eighth congress are consid erably in excess of thbse of the preced ing congress. The omissions of the con gress thst comes to an end today can be supplied by the next congress, for which purpose it Is likely to be called In extra session. ' TUB' FIFTT'SIQHTH CONGRESS. At noon - today- the Fifty -eighth con gress expires. It has made a record which, if not all that the country ex pected or hoped for, is yet on the whole creditable and received last November the unqualified approbation of the elec torate of the nation, as shown in the greatly increased number of republic ans chosen to the next house of repre sentatives. A statement of the work done by this congress has already been given In the dispatches and ehowsthat the majority party has not been lacking in Industry or wanting in an earnest desire to pro mote the general welfare. There has been some entirely commendable legis lation, the benefits of' which will be realized later on. There might have been more, but failure in this respect is only for the time being. There has been a general hope that the question of rate regulation .would , not be deferred to the next congress, but while the house of representatives responded to this desire the sen ate balked and the subject must be dealt with by another congress. In the meantime, by direction of the sen ate, its committee on Interstate com merce will consider the matter of ad ditional legislation for regulating rail way rates, with Instructions to make a full report of its proceedings by bill or otherwise within ten days after the meeting of the next congress. It Is not easy to see what new light such an Inquiry can throw upon the ques tion, which has been, most thoroughly discussed in congress, by the Interstate commission and by the public press, but It may help to keep alive interest In the subject, though certainly not .necessary for this purpose, since- the public Is al ready fully aroused on the question and determined to secure, Booner or later, the needed legislation. . The present congress is to be credited with the action necessary to beginning the construction of the' isthmian canal and also with ordering Investigations of the Beef and the Oil trusts. A report of the investigation of the former has Just been made by the chief of the bu reau of corporations, the more impor tant pert of which are for the present withheld from, the public. Preparations are making for the Investigations of the OH trust, which is likely to be found a long and difficult task, since it is understood that the trust Intends to offer resistance at. every point. The friends of international arbitration have been a good deal disappointed at the action of the senate in amending the treaties negotiated with seveji European nations, thereby delaying If not defeat ing an exchange of ratifications and possibly, postponing indefinitely arrange ments of this nature, deemed to be very essential to the advancement of the cause' of arbitration. la the matter of BrjronriaUons the T1MK TO GET TOQKTHKR- The senate has killed the proposition to re-submlt the call for a constitutional convention,1 which) was voted down at the last election, and the house has shown Its disinclination to change tho constitution by amendment by refusing Its sanction to two constitutional amend ments originating In the senate. If the senate Bets its face against a convention and the bouse persists in opposing the direct submission of amendments, the two bodies whose concurrence Is neces sary Mill be at loggerheads on methods of constitutional revision and no relief whatever will be held out from present chaotic conditions of constant and fla grant disregard of our fundamental law. Members of the legislature will find themselves sadly mistaken if they de lude themselves with the belief that there Is no positive demand among the people of Nebraska for a modernizing of their state constitution. The defeat of the convention proposition last year sim ply means that the voters prefer re vision by amendment to the more costly revision by convention. It means, also, that they are pot willing to take the chances of losing through a convention the good features of the present consti tution, wlthVnly a possibility of better ing the bad features. It will be admitted that no amend ment will have a prospect of ratification against which there Is any considerable opposition, but tliere are several obvious and necessary changes on which there will be no disagreement, and the legis lature owes it to its constituency to formulate these, amendments and put them ori' the way to Incorporation into the constitution by popular vote. It Is high time, therefore, for the two houses of the legislature to get together through their appropriate committees on a Joint program of constitutional re vision. Five or six carefully formulated propositions touching the vital ' points ought to be agreed upon without much difficulty. If the present legislature falls to take action toward -constitutional amendments it will disappoint a large majority.of the people and Jmpalr popular confidence In party promises. The Lincoln Journal has compiled a table ?f figures which constitutes, a pretty strong argument in favor of di rect primary nominations. It has esti mated that the cost of. railroad fare alone for the delegates who attended the last republican state convention, computed at one Tare for the round trip, came pretty close to f 4,000,' and that this money was paid out either by the delegates or by someone else for them. Figuring along the same line for the state conventions of other political par ties, and for the congressional, sena torial, representative and county con ventions preliminary to the last year's campaign, it reaches the sum of approx imately 50,000 as the lowest cost of our present convention nominations, and It asserts that the cost of direct primary elections could not be much, more than half of that amount. These are figures the lawmakers will do well to study over. In the matter of bills Introduced the present Nebraska legislature Is making quite a respecteble record, both houses falling short of the number credited to their immediate predecessors and con siderably below the average for legis latures In this state. The last fusion legislature loaded the bill files up with half again' as many measures as the present republican body of lawmakers. It Is quality rather than quantity that counts. It looks as if the bill to charter an other bridge across the Missouri river between Omaha and Council Bluffs bad been relegated by the United States sen ate to a condition of Innocuous desue tude. And to think that the Omaha city council passed a resolution which was sent down to Washington duly orna mented with signatures and seals offi cially endorsing the demand for another bridge charter. South Omaha real estate agents are nothing If not persistent The Issue of city ball bonds on authority of the last city election having been blocked by the courts, they propose to try again with a resubmission proposition at the coming municipal election. It is safe to say that if the city already owned the land available for the site the. ardor of the real estate dealers would be distinctly diminished. If promisee could be depended oa the Kansas oil refinery would have no dearth of patrons when it begins to ship Its product, but before tbls can be posi tively known the Standard Oil com pany's new rate sheet will have to be consulted. If the packers had shown Mr. Gar field' a little more regarding the profits or losses on each bead of stock, the cat tle raisers might have been charged with conspiring to impoverish the phil anthropists who run the packing bouses. The man who wants to make street car transfers good for two hours Is alto gether too modest He should ask for a 5-cent ticket entitling the holder to ride continuously or Intermittently any time from sunrise to midnight A Palates, 8t. Louis Globe-Democrat. Japan has undertaken the purchase of out mors island for csjOUig Uatloni. Th mikado tn hear something to hi ad vantage by addressing the Fhlllpplne de partment, U. 8. A. ; Hot Foot for Harbin. St. Louis Globe-Democrat' Having been notified that the war will continue, Japan has proceeded' to push things all along the line. The early spring campaign will be a hot one If the Russians try to bold the Mukden position. A National characteristic. Boston Transcript. The government bureau of statistics says Americans use the greatest quantity of cofTe of all nationalities In the world. And then they pretend th characteristic nervousness of the rao I all the result of "hustle" and th strenuous life generally. Right Ip vrlth the Times." Chicago Chrsntcle. Th United State) navy Is marching on all right. Every year's naval appropriation but provide for a few more peacemakers of the most approved pattern, and it Is a long time sine one of them, was sunk by anybody. Rocky Day for Boodlera. Baltimore American. California senators accused of accepting bribes have been expelled from the legisla ture of that state. For seme occult reason or other, the way of the transgressor is un usually hard this season. Maybe tho pub 11 o conscience Is rousing from its apathy. It begins to look that way. The Point of View. - Baltimore American. When the report ran that Russia was favored in the decision of 4h North sea commission Great Britain became gloomily doubtful of the benefits of arbitration. Now It in the other way. It Is Russia that will perceive the practical Inutility of arbitra ting quarrels Instead of the good old way of pitching In and letting the best man win. Torn on the Lam. Chicago Chronicle. The. best way . to find, out whether there are any unlawful business combinations is to prosecute under the criminal laws those who are believed to be guilty of violating the statutes. A pretty fair arti cle, of Justice 4s furnished by the United States courts and a verdict one way or the other will have considerable weight with reasonable people. . . Varied Hesoorera of Alaska. New Tork Tribune. The sale of a mountain of cinnabar in Alaska for $1,600,000, or nearly one-fourth of the original price paid for the entire territory, is suggestive of many reflections even to Americans of today, but what would Pliny, who held that cinnabar was a mixture of the blood of the dragon and the elephant, have had to say had such a discovery been made in his day? Discing- the Bin- Canal. Boston Globe, The celerity with which under modern conditions the Isthmian canal can be dug is Indicated by. the estimate of .the chief engineer that with 100 steam shovels in stalled, wlth'.a. complete system of tracks serving them, a yearly record of 80,000.000 cubic yards of excavation may be reached without requiring, a greater output per shovel or greater Speed In working than has a tread y been attained. And the magni tude of the undertaking is shown by the statement that, at this, rate of progress, to complete a sea level canal, with a tidal lock 1,000 feet long, and 100 feet usably wide,' at MIraflores, will take from ten to twelve year Wouldn't This Jar Von. Railway - World." ' New Jersey may lag. behind the western states In developing . a correct theory of railway -valuation, but the stand of Its t&x commission. In advocating equal assessment of all kinds of property, personal or cor porate', ' Is ' a ' vast improvement over the confiscatory - recommendations of some western commissions.. All that the rail roads ask at the hands of the tax authori ties Is eqilallty of treatment with other property owners. At, present they do not obtain this equality of treatment. Whether a measure of Justice shall come to prevail In this matter depends quite as much upon the development of a correct understanding of the relation of the railway to the state as upon the evolution of systems of tax assessment and tax distribution. CHAACE TO ACHIEVE FAME. Demand for National Hymn American In Words and Music. Philadelphia Ledger. General Horatio King, remarking ia a New York newspaper that Americans would be delighted "with a national hymn of which both words and music shall be by Albicans." assert that we have poets "competent to write the words," and haz ards the conjecture that our amateur and professional musicians will come to the rescue with the "appropriate music. ' We doubt it We wish to see the "competent poets," and we yearn to hear the musical gem. American patrlotlo societies and all good Americans would tike to know ant to be convinced that American geniuses exist who shall Joint immortal words to celestial strains, and thus express the genius of the great republic In 1801 the "Rhode Island Society of Cin cinnati offered a gold medal as a prise to th musician who should compose the best mualo for Dr. Smith's hymn, "Amer ica" "My County, "lis of Thee;" and of the 617 compositions received that by Ar thur Edward Johnstone was adjudged the winner of the prise.. "Old wont and use," however, have bound to "America" the tune of "God Save the King," which the English In turn took from Germany, and Mr. Johnstone's composition "cannot get itaelf sung" with our present national hymn. "America" Is a hymn of merit which rouses the patriotism, if not the blood; but It doe not fulfill th Ideal of many Americana. What is wanted la a genuine outburst of patrlotlo song; a pow erful, Impetuous, sweeping lyrio, deep as the foundations of the republic, fitted to rouse the lion in the heart and to soothe the savage breast. Where are our competent lyrio writer and our inspired musicians? Sydney Smith's gibe to the effect that nobody reads an American book and the like has lost its sting and truthfulness. We have done many things. We can build bridges, form trusts, make railroads and machinery, anl "beAt all tarnation" at piling up money, but th American muse seem to be mute. Some Americans have a desire for something besides money; some must crave fame, and the man or woman who write the American hymn and composes the muslo for It will achieve Immortal fame. Why are the Americans so Inglorlously mute In th realm of song? Where or our Heine and our Ooethea? Why is It that America produce no melodies? Scraggy Scotland has In Its simple songs produced on the bleak hillsides a hundredfold mose melody than America has produced. Ire land, prosy England and Its stolid swains have their tuneful songs, their character istic folk muslo and melody, and America sings nothing not stolen from other lands, unless It be a most hideous or tawdry "popular" song. Our college song ar a standing reproaoh to th nation and people. In th darkest middle ages. In the most benighted of countries. In far Cat h way, In every German village. In every German university, some beautiful song has been mad and sung, but our college professor and our college youth ar content with "Bingo Farm" and th rawest and most UiUMfglDf Wld VUtat "fcfcWf.S'' rOUTICAl. DRIFT. Bo far the Pennsylvania legislature has passed an average of on bill a month, both were salary bills. . With the death of George B. Boutwell passe th last of the Seven governors of -Massachuaset who were born In ins. The legislature of Kansas promise to go th limit. A bill has been drafted to pro hibit th use of paper rings on cigars. Five member of the Pennsylvania delega tion In the house of representatives ar anxious to succeed Governor Pennypacker. , Th unanimous expulsion of four mem bers of the California state senate Illus trate the dangers of accepting marked money. The Tubbs antl-tlpplng bill ha been de feated In th Missouri legislature. Here after Mr. Tubbs will cough up or wait on himself. The pernlolou activity of the Law and Order league of Philadelphia prompted a legislator to Introduce a bill placing such Societies under state supervision. The In troducer of the bill Is A. Pfuhl. Colonel Jack Chlnn, Blue Grass hero, I striving to break Into the band wagon. "Roosevelt Is my kind of a man," he ex claimed. "He does things. Changed my party? Not milch. I am a Roosevelt Bryan democrat" Congressman John A. .Sullivan of Boston achieved unexpected honors as. a result of his oratorical bout -with Congressman Hearst A proud father in Ohio an nounces that he has named his boy baby John Sullivan Jones. The greatest strain ever put on prayer Is going on In Philadelphia. Unable to move the authorities by ordinary vocal appeals or at the ballot box, the ministers of the city and thousands of laymen are holding prayer meetings, hoping that Providence might Interpose and persuade the mayor to suppress notorious public evils. To put tho "fear of God" Into the hearts of poli ticians who have carried the local eleotlon by 100,000 majority takes much more than hu.ma strength. They have an eye for business out In Portland, Ore. As soon as It was known that. Senator Mitchell, Representative Her mann and other prominent dtlsens had been indicted for complicity In land frauds a man who owns an opera house came around to the representative of . the De partment of Justice with a proposition which, he said, had a mint of money In It for the government and himself. He wanted to hold the trials of . Mitchell and the others In the opera house, charge an admission of 60 cents a head and divide the receipts with the government. CAMPAIGN AGAINST IKFAIRNESS. Straggle for Equal Itlaht from Monopolistic Trusts. Youth's Companion. All the protests of recent years against the monopolistic tendencies of the trusts and the rate discriminations of the rail roads Is a revolt against unfairness. It has been mistakenly, called an attack upon Invested capital. - . There Is a wide-spread feeling that under present conditions of trade one man may secure, such great favors In his business that there can be no effective competition. If this be true some men and corporations owe their success less to greater ability than to an opportunity and willingness to obtain and use privileges from which rivals in trade, more scrupulous than they, are excluded. In response to this feeling the officers of the national government began suits against various large combinations of cap ital. The Northern Securities company was dissolved by order of the supreme court on the ground that It had been formed In vio lation of the laws passed to prevent the de struction of competition and the formation of. monopolies.: The combination of meat- packers was found to have been using un fair and Illegal methods of business, and the injunction against its operation was made permanent. Some of the railroad companies have been returning part of the amount of their freight bills to favorite shippers In the way of rebates. They have thus destroyed the power of less favored shippers to compete for business. Hence the demand for some sort of effective government regulation of railroad ratea The people regard the railway a a public highway, and this view is supported by the decision of the supreme court that th railway companies are really the trustees of the people in the management of these highways. Therefore they hold that the small shipper should have the same rights on these highways as the large shipper, on the principle that the man who writes two letters a year has the same right In the postofnee as the man who writes 2000. No one know today how this demand for fair play will be met, or whether the first remedies applied to the evils will be effec tive; but It Is certain that the abuses against which the people are protesting will In some way be removed. PEDIGREED CORN. Advantage of Planting- the Best Seed Obtainable. Kansas City Journal. There la considerable fluctuation In the statistics, but In round numbers the farmers of the United States raise about 3,600,000,000 bushels of corn each year. The value of this crop usually exceeds $1,000,000,000. These figures are so enormous that in the abstract they almost surpass conception. They can be best underotood by comparison. The American supply constitutes five-sixths of the annual crop of the world; and If put on a solid wagon train that could be started toward the moon, the first wagon would be 60,000 mile beyond that silvery orb before the last wagon had left the earth. It Is worth ton times more than the annual out put of all gold and silver mines In opera tion; yet practically all of It Is consumed within twelve months from the time it is harvested. Thousands upon thousand of people would die of starvation If the crop should fall. , So th American corn 'crop Is th most Important crop that Is grown. But In spite of th enormous figures which must be used in expressing the slxe of this crop, the Agricultural department at Washington de clare that it could be doubled without ad ding one acre to the present producing area and without any bothersome increase of time, money or labor to the farmer. This wonderful undertaking could be accom plished, as the department has proved, sim ply by using pedigreed corn for seed. The average yield, last year was twenty-five bushels to the acre, but a large number of farmers who followed the guidance of science raised the yield on their farm to fifty and even to 100 bushel to the acre. If the bills of an ordinary cornfield have one stalk with a well developed ear they will yield fifty-five bushels of corn to th acre. If each hill hss two stalks, bearing such ear, the yield would be mora than 100 bushel per acre, while with three corn bearing stalks the yield would be ISO bush els. This Is a pleasing mathematical prob lem which can be proved and reduced to an actuality by any farmer who will plant th beet aeed only, and cut out th barren stalk a soon as they show their worth lessness. The Agricultural department at Waahington will give suggestions and as sistance to every farmer who desire to teat this theory and Improve his crop. Aatl-Fat Treatment. Indianapolis News. Not only has an Iowa woman been feed ing each member of her family for a year on an average of cent a day, but sh points with considerable pride to the faot tfcat am fctts s Unn J a(&ii,d vltii gout OTHER LANDS TU AN Ol RS. It sm probabl that at the next gen eral election In th United Kingdom the new labor party will' play a more promi nent part In Scotland than they have been able to tak before. Th leaders are boasting that they will run candidates of their own In at least one-sixth of the constituencies. It Is not generally believed that they will succeed In carrying out this Intention, but it I certain that they will hav mor candidates In the fit-Id than they ever had before, and the knowledge of this fact is causing some anxiety to both liberals and tork-. Th former, who are likely to be most seriously affected, appointed, nearly a year ago, a "concilia tion committee," whose duty it Is to pre vent a three-cornered contest whenever It is possible to do so. Thus far this com mittee has not been particularly success ful, except In Glasgow. The labor lead ers declare that they will contest every constituency In which they can control any considerable number of votes, and as their forces are recruited largely from the liberals, the latter are uneasy, as any considerable defection from them would greatly diminish their chance of captur ing unionist seat hekt by narrow majori ties. The reported agreement between Eng land, Russia, France, Italy and Austria In regard to th maintenance of the exist ing statu of Crete, will make the position of Prince George, the governor, very diffi cult He has for some time past earnestly advocated annexation to Greece, or an ad ministration by that kingdom similar t the rule of Austria in Henegovina. In behalf of this plan. Trine George visited various courts without the slightest suc cess, as now appears, unless we except a provision that the International status of the Inhabitants may be changed by a plebiscite, In the far distant future. Prince Oeorge Is perhaps himself to blame for the desire of the nations to continue the present Joint control, Ms administration having not only quieted a distressed and turbulent people, but having practically taken Crete out of active international politics. Union with Greece would, how ever, apparently be the best solution of the question Involved. King Alphonso of Spain says that rather than not he would wait two years before he Is married. The youngster is In a mat rimonial snarl that Is not of his own mak ing. His people believe he should be mar ried and he expressed a. preference for Princes Victoria LoUiee, the only daughter Of Kaiser Wilhelm. That young lady's father, however, vehemently protects that he will not consent to have his daughter abjure the Lutheran to accept the Roman Cathollo faith, so that marriage is off. Princess Patricia, daughter of the Duke of Connaught (of the British royal family), might be willing to adopt Roman Catholi olsm, but Alphopso's mother, ex-Queen Christina, prefer Arch-Duchess Gabrlolln, of Austria, .who Is already of the Romish faith. Meantime there ore cliques In the Madrid court, as In all courts, and the mat rimonial question is m'aklng enemies of former Mends and a lot of trouble for the people most interested. Another great engineering achievement is' to be recorded in the final piercing of the tunnel under the . Slroplon pass, opening a new thoroughfare between the north of Europe and the Mediterranean. With Its length of twelve miles from Brieg to Iselle It becomes the longest of all tunnels, but it has been, preceded as a cutting through the Alps by three, others, the Mount Cenlst the St. Gothard and the Arlberg tunnels. It will help to turn trade again Into the Mediterranean and will Increase the Im portance of the port of Genoa. Even mor notable than the length of the tunnel have been the engineering difficulties that hav been met and surmounted In the . heart of the mountain, conveying 'lessons second In Importance' only to th commercial value of the undertaking. The peculiarity of the Slmplon tunnel is that it is pierced through at a low level, the Swiss and Italian en trances being only about 1,200 feet above the sea. The gradient Is therefore easier than that of any of It competitors. The successful piercing of the Slmplon may lead to further construction at a low level, re gardless of the length ' of tunnelling re quired. Although King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway has Just passed Into his seventy seventh year and Is "officially" declared a far from well man. It should not be sup posed that his retirement from active par ticipation in state affairs In favor of Crown Prince Gustaf is a permanent matter. Twice before he has relinquished the reins of government In similar circumstances, and these periods of partial royal eclipse have always been marked, as Is the present case, by an acute stage In the negotiations between the Swedish and Norwegian cabi nets for Independent consular services. It Is an open question whether the aged mon arch actually wears himself out over tho notorious futility of the negotiations or whether he retires at the propitious mo ment as a rebuke to the Irreconcilable ele ments of his governments and a natural bid for both Swedish anJ Norwegian publlo sympathy In his thankless and hitherto Fifty Yesrs tho Standard IJada from pure cream ot tartar derived, rem grapes. fruitless task. AS a matter of fact, old age sits lightly upon the kingly, kindly visage of this grandson of Marshal Bernadotte, and It was only the other day that th Swedish press circulated a oharacteristio episode at hi expense. The king takes great Interest In elementary education, and on his birthday, January 21, while visiting a primary school, ho requested th teacher to allow him to conduct the class whose lesson at the time happened to be Swedlsli history. MIHTHKIL. REMARKS. : r . "De man dat mokes d mos' noise In dls Worl'," said uncle Kben. "sometimes gltsi de credit foh what othor people manage to do In spite of his disturbance." Washing ton Star. "Marrying on a salnry has been the mak ing of mnny young men," urged father. ,TYes, 1 know that," replied the spoiled Son. "But suppose your wifo loses her sal ary. Think what a position It leave you In. Cincinnati Tribune. The Adored That hateful Gtissle Rick en didn't send me an Invitation to her pnrty. The Adorer Well, don't censure the gtrL Bhu probably wants to be the prettiest on there. Philadelphia Press. , i Orator Allow me, before' I clnge, to re peat the words of the Immortal Webster Farmer Feddershucks (In a stage whis per) My land! Merla, let's git out o' here. He's a-goln' to start In on the dictionary! Cleveland Lender. "Do you ever realise, my ehlkt," said the philanthropist, "when you look at those ftorgeous and beautiful feathers on your iat, that they are pulled from, living ostriches, at the cost of mufh paJn and suffering?" ' - "I do"' said Miss de M"1r, "and it al ways wrings my heart. Why don't they chloroform the poor creatures?" Chicago Tribune. ! Aunt Jane I guess Mr. Spender must be a neat person. Edith And what lead you t that opin ion? Aunt lane He told your ITncle Georg all his clothes but those upon his back wer hung up. Some men, you know, throw their things 'round anywhere. Boston Transcript. Tenderfoot I suppose you always keep your gun loaded? . .- , Westerner Oh. yes. Unloaded guns do lots of damage in some parts of the coun try, but we-wouldn't trust, 'em out tier. New York Press. ,: "My next door neighbor Is a meddling fool.'' . "What has he dope now?" "Why, he cleaned all the Ice off hi side walk and that made me a little careless, and when I struck my own walk I slipped down In tho sluah and bumped my crasy bone." Cleveland .Plain ieaier. Methuselah chuckled. . "A man past his usefulness at 40? ' he snickered. "What sort of a figure would I have cut iii history If I had quit at that age?" Hereupon he sent out cards for his JOOthj birthday party. New York Sun. INAUGURATION, Minna Irving in Leslie's Weekly. He takes the oath of offloe clad In plain and simple black. No Jeweled crown upon hi brow. No legions at his bock. He needs no gilded-chair of state, Nor crimson canopy; Ills throne Is reared in every heart That beats from sea to sea. He gazes on the motley throng In window, street ana square. And breathes a deep and earnest vow To servo the meanest there. His fame is no exotla growth Of forum or of state A mighty people's love and trust Have mode him truly great. The farmer with his plodding team, The scholar with his book, The negro In the cotton Held, Tho urchin by the brook. The Indian at his wigwam door. Where forest shadows fall The president at Washington 1 Ia father to them all.. ... , , A man of Hon heart la he, And courage high and bold; He rides to down deceit and wrong As did the knights of old. The soldier's dauntless spirit serves To do the etateman's will; He led the charge at San Juan, i He leads the nation still. - COAL WOOD COKE KINDLING W sell the best Ohio Cooking; Coal-clean, hot, lasting;. Rook Springs, Hanna, Sheridan, walnut Block, 8 team Coal. Best medium grade is Illinois Nut $6; Egg and Lump $6.20. For heaters and furnacesCherokee Nut $5.20; Lump SS.BO A hot burner Missouri Nut, large size S4.S0: Lump $4.75. Scranton-the best Pennsylvania Anthracite mined. Spadra-the hardest and cleanest Arkansas Anthracite ' Aliooal nand-aoroenod and weighed over any olty aoalee dealred. . COUTANT & SQUIRES, "l&M&lm mm ..a-r. n.. BRING THE BOY IN SATURDAY - . V and get one of the SPKINO SUITS we are-'eeillng at Plenty of fine values still to be had. Suits that Bold ' from 3.50 to $8.00. 2J to 16 years. 'X r, Y .. SPRING OVERCOATS $2.50 , . - , ,. . - R. S. WILCOX, Mgr. . .