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ADVERTISE IN THE BEE The Omaha Daily Bee PEOPLE WHO READ THE BEE HAVE MOHEY TO SPEND E8TAHL1SHED JUNE 19, 1871. OMAHA, TUESDAY MORNING, MAliCU 14, 1905 TEN PAGES. SINGLE COPY THREE CENTS. ON VERGE OF PEACE Beport that Both Belligerents Are Ready to Discurs Terns. CZAR WILL CONSULT MINISTERS TODAY Japan Will 8ubmit Terms if Assured that They Will Be Considered. NEGOTIATION! ?- A v vnon w InU oc RESULT IN ALLIANCE aes that Hate Direct in Tar East. PEACE PART RONQER IN RUSSIA Crowing B; -- bat Prolonging the ltritl ... Add to tha Com plications Dangers . t Horn. r WASHINGTON, March U.-When the czar ca.Ua the war council tomorrow he will he able to inform hl mlnlterj that the Japanese will weloeipe peace on re, onable terms and will promptly name ita condition provided It receive trustwor thy assurance that thet they will be ierl ously considered. ThU. the emperor lias learned from friendly chancellories In Europe, as well as the general terme acceptable to Japan. These,. it la said. Include the retention by Japan el Port Arthur, a Japanese pro tectorate over Cores, end an Indemnity. From a high offlolal the Associated Frees hear that Russia has recalled He second Pacifle squadron. - ' An attache of a Russian embassy In Eu rope is quoted expressing" the belief that Kouropatkln's recent defeat will force Ru la to ask for peace. Briefly, these were the reports cureent in the diplomatic corps today, and as a result of this Important Information offi cial Washing-ton believes tonight that Rus sia and Japan are on the verge of peace, If it be true that the second Pacific squad ron has been recalled even the most optimistic of Russia's friends admit that this Is a strong Indication that Oyama's mighty blow has made for peace. Cassia! Says No. Count Casslnl, the Russian ambassador, is the notable exception In the. group of foreign envoys here., "However generous tha terms which Jaoan might offer," the ambassador said tonight, "Russian pre tlge la not among them. That is one thing for which the war will be fought to the end. Victory for the Russian arms will lone make Tnr peace. If not at Tie Pass, then at Harbin. Russia Will assemble an other army mightier than before and with that army It wilt settle the issue. It may be six months, a year, or perhaps two years. Time will be no consideration." At the Japanese legation It is declared that St. Petersburg and not Toklo is the capltol from which the world must hope for peace proposals. Mr, Takahlra, the Japanese minister, said today in the '-oust emphatic manner that . Japan had no; dl rectly propose peace. - He did nt deny that neutra poVre. through their envoys Trom tmaUeMnifcnd' sounded Japan as ' to tha terms on which It would accept peace, but these, ', h said, necessarily changed with the progress of hostilities, the Intimation being - that Russia could have obtained better terms after the fall of Port Arthur than'kfter the capture , of jMukden. i - ' Japan Asks Aiisrsscet If the Japanese government were assured that peace proposals ' would be considered by Russia there Is authority for the --tate. ment that Japan wo'jld respond Imedlately But it will Insist that these assurances shall be Of the most positive character, Japan's experience in the negotiations pre ceding the war. it is said, will make It ex. ceedlngly cautious in the future.. It will Insist that such assurances shall come from the Busslan government and not from this or that party or this or that friend of the emperor, Officials here expect that by tomorrow St. Petersburg will have ' fully comprehended tha extent of Oyama's victory and then Will nuns IWIQWM lw uti;ibiuii rKtUUIIIg continuance ef the war In the face of Muk den's fall. ., Peace FVjtI y Is Strong;. 8T. PETERSBURG, Marcn IS. (1:27 p, m.) The announcement made In the name of the government, in the face of the over whelming .disaster suffered by General Kouropatkin, that a fresh army would be raised and . the war proceed, and the haughty attitude assumed by Japan may after all be simply a sparring fur position which is the prelude of peace. So far as the publio here Is concerned, peace is the only thing talked of, the sentiment being that if diplomacy can now bring the war ring power into negotiation peace will fol low. Many diplomatists believe thut terms acceptable to both are only possible on the basis, not of ordinary peace, but more 1 the nature of an alliance which would dls- tlnotly define and guarantee the posit iu of the respective powers in the far east in the future. It Is certain, ' however, that Russia a yet has made no move. Here confusion still reigns in the higher circles and the emperor has not yet decided that he must yield. Nevertheless, the peace party ha been greatly strengthened and is now taking the position that to attempt to continue the war would only court addi tional complication and dangers at home, with the chance of success for the Rus sian arms on the field of battle too remote to be worthy of consideration. But some of the emperor' advisers Insist that the 'government Is Irrevocably committed to the War, that It would bo harder to stop than to go on and that If the war 1 indefinitely prolonged the financial resource of Japau are sure to be exhausted before Russia', while Russia prestige abroad Is Irrepar ably (one II v now bends the knee. tmay internal Effect. Tha situation 1 not dls&uniiar to that which prevailed at the end of the Crimean wax, wba Nichols took a sudden deci sion la conolude peace on the best terms Obtainable. . The effect of the internal situation of either alternative will probably govern the final deuslon. The practical UlffloUlUus, not only Ih getting a new army to the front, but in Actually mobilising it, are fully ajprclut even at the War tittle, where many ofrkei reluctantly de cluro it 1 Idle to hope for victory under the present circumstances. Another general mobilization might vet thu country In Names. In Poland, Whence l is announced another Corp will be sent to (the front, the mobili sation of the luet corps ordered to the war hag had to l ubendobtd owing to the pop ular opposition to the government's policy. At bum the element which are trying to force the emperor' hand would employ cither horn of Iht i dilemma selected, whether peace or a continuation of the war. V - STRIKE IS NOT YET OVER Trains In Sew York Sabway ' Are Mare Irregular Than Last 'week. NEW YORK, March Ll.-That the condl- lons resulting from the strike on the In- terborough Rapid Transit company's lints have not been adjusted was plainly ap parent today. Although the strikers had been repudiated by their national organisa tion and even advised by their local offi cers to make an effort to get back their old places, and the Interborough company had announced that the effect of the strike had passed, trains were more irregular and in adequate today than at any time since last Tuesday. Even In the subway, where the company concentrated nearly all Its efforts for several days to perfect Its force of opeiatives from among the strike breakers and where everything appeared to be ap proaching a normal basis last week, the service today was far from satisfactory. Trains were operated in fairly large num bers, but at reduced speed. All trains wore greatly overcrowded. It wss on the elevated lines that the con ditions were at their worst, however. The Ninth and Sixth avenue lines on the West Side, which were making fairly good time last week, were operated today apparently with great difficulty. As far up town a One Hundred and Six teenth street the care became crowded, and a repetition of last week's scenes of packed trains, people unable to get aboard and men climbing to the roofs were re peated. Even during the rush hours from fifteen to thirty minutes would pass be tween trains. On the Third avenue lines on the East Side condition; were a bad. if nob woise, than at anytime since the beginning of the strike. While the station platform at one r-oint was crowded with people wall ing for a long delayed train, forty empty oars were standing In the center track out of commission. A guard, one of the strike breakers, was asked why these cars were not used. He replied: "They are out of order. The company has 500 cars that cannot be run because their motors are out of order or something is the matter with them." About 1.300 men applied for their old posi tions today and of this number 500 were put back to work. The remainder had their applications placed on file and will be notified when wanted to report for work. MAIN ARMY IS AT TIE PASS Remnant of Kouropatkin's Torse Beaches Befnge Among the Hills. DANGER POINT IS NOT YET PASSED Probability that Japaaese May At tack oa the Plank and Rear How the Victory Was Won. LEGEND OF THE HOLY GRAIL Father Mrltrh Illuminates the Story of Parsifal" for Large Assemblage. creighton university auditorium was crowded almost to Buffocntion last night with an audience gathered to hear the ad dress of Father Stritch on "Parsifal." His address was nearly two hours in length and treated1 of the story of the Holy Orall the Ban Grenl In Its varied stages from tfie curliest times until the thirteenth cen tury, when it began first to appear In epical form, down to tho nineteenth cen tury, or Wagnerian period. Father Stritch gave a very Interesting sketch of tho legend as originating first from .the earliest Catholic sources, and particularly of the Arthurian version which ha been Immortalised In the beautiful eplo- of Tennyson In the "Quest of the Holy Gran," whi'reM,PUM.aJifeuj(LrLauncer lot, Perclval and jCJawnlu are ihe leading heroes In the search for the holy cup. He likened King Arthur to the pope, sur rounded by his twelve knights or bishops and cardlnuls, and that he hud directed them to go out In quest of the Holy Grail and thus encompass the spiritual conquest of the world for Christ. ine Wagnerian version or "Parsifal" was but another version of the legend, and to Wagner Is deservlngly attributed the glory of producing a muslcal-drama-sermon showing the, way to Christian perfection as being only through the San Greal, or blood of Christ, or through the holy in fluence of the Holy Grail, or sacred cup from which he drank at the Last Supper, and which afterwards received His precious blood from the spear thrust while on the cross. Father Stritch' lecture was of the deep, est Interest and gave a new Insight Into the origin of the legend and its subse quent versions down to the present time. Following his address Robert Cuscaden assisted by Miss Miller on the piano, gave an extended sketch of the musical motifs of the drama, Illustrated by various musi cal sketches on the piano and accompanied with a violin solo by himself,' accompanied by Miss Miller on the piano. ICunllnued vu Becoud Page.) DEPOSITION INSANTA FE CASE Freight Auditor of the Road Kiim- Inexl Abont Rate on Oil and Cotton. TOPEKA, Kan., March U.-The taking of depositions In the case brought on the relation of tha attorney general against the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Ke was re sumed here today. W. J, Healy, general iruignt auditor oi tno company, was on the stand. There was nothing In his tes timony to snow that there is any com bine between the Santa Fe and the other Kansas rallro.ids or between the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe and the Standard Oil company. Tho ft eight rate' on hard and soft coal from Frontenac, Pittsburg and Mlday, Kun., to Kansas City was discussed. Mr. Monett made an attempt to estab lish by the testimony of Mr. Healy that there Is a combination between the Santa Fe and other coal carrying roads In south ern KatiBas. The answers from the auditor did not confirm this. An attempt waa also made to prove a combination between tho Santa Fe and the Kansas City Belt railroad, but nothing had been elicited bearing on this when the hearing adjourned at noon. TEN INJURED IN A WRECK Mlseoarl Padae Train Straek la Colorado and Ona Man May Die. COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo., March It Missouri Pacific passtnger train No. 11," southbound, running on the Denver & Rio Grande tracks, collided with the Denver A Bio Grande passenger train No. -4, north bound, at Fountain, fourteen miles south of here, and ten persons were Injured. The most seriously Injured are: Conductor J. F. Crelghton of the dining car. I Interim 1 Injuries, may die. Charles H. Richardson, Buffulo, S'. Y.. seriously cut about head and shoulders. Mrs Richardson, arm broken and injured In back. Train No. 4 was heading In from the south end ol the side track to allow No. 11 to pass, fhst train having the right of way, but before It could make the main line No. 11 crashed Into the dining car, overturning it, together with a tourist lexr - ST. PETERSBURG, March 14.-1:65 p. m. Russia's "grand army." with the excep tion of the thousands killed or taken pris oners on the plains and mountains around Mukden, Is gathering slowly behind the fortifications of Tie Pass, which were built as a refuge before the battle of Liao Yang, and is feverishly engaged In the work of reorganizing and further strengthening its lines. According to the general staff, the main body has already completed Its re treat and the rear guard southward Is fall ing back slowly, keeping in touch with the pursuing columns of Japanese. In the complete absence of further Information yesterday. It Is difficult to suy whether the pursuit has slackened or Is being con ducted by only a portion of the Japsnese and military officials here hope that, as after the battle or Lino Yang, Field Mar shal Oyama has paused to give his weary troops a momentary breathing space, while extending his railroad and other lines of supply to his new position and preparing for the next blow. May Be Outflanked Again. To the Russian army every minute 1s now valuable and the footsore ana ais heartened detachments have b-en given scarcely an hour's rest before being set at work with spade arrd pick improving the defences of the pass. It may be, how ever, that even now they are being turned out of those positions. Rumors are cur rent that a wide eastward flanking move ment which was begun before the battle, is still in progress, nnd on the other side it is feared that columns are moving north of Fakoman to take a position in the Russian rear. General Kouropatkin still holds command. An officer ot tho general stuff said today that he probably will not retire until some semblance of order has been restored. The question of his successor is still undetermined. There are indications that the food sup ply at Tie Pass 1b none too large, immense quantities having been burned at Mukden, and Russian correspondents telegraph that they have had nothing to eat for two days. The commissariat arrangements worked admirably during the battle and even at the height of the fight the soldiers re ceived warm food. Awful Loss of Rnaalnn. Telegrams from the Russian side, though Inadequate as a basis for any detailed es timate of tho Russian losses, show that they have been extremely heavy, enough to cripple offensive operations for many months. General Kouropatkin admits that 50,000 wounded were carried off, but says nothing as to how many killed, wounded and prisoners were left behind, and from his picture of a little handful of two officers and 150 men of the Imperial rifles march ing off, led by their gallant colonel, cling ing to their standard, can be derived some idea of the losses sustained by the regi ments that bore the brunt Of the fighting", The exploit of the 600 at BalaklaVa pales beside this. ' Even the losees in the "bloody angle" of the Wilderness and In the battle of Antletam arc scarcely comparable. Another tragic picture of the retreat Is related In connection with the retirement of General Bennenkampff's detachment from Oubenepusa with barely one-third of Its original strength, the brave soldiers breaking down and sobbing and kissing the blood-stained ground which they had been ordered to relinquish. The losses of officers is said to have been especially heavy, and muny of the higher and more capable officers were killed. How the Battle Was Won. WITH GENERAL KUROK1S ARMY IN THE FIELD, Northeast of Mukden, Sunday, March 12, via Fushun, March 13. Every hour Increases the magnitude, of the disaster suffered by the Russian armies. Tonight 25,000 dead are known to have been left on the field, making the casualties at least 100,000. Between 50,000 and 60,000 prisoners, soma seventy guns and enormous quantities of ammunition and provisions fell into the hands of the Japanese. The Japanese losses do not exceed those of for mer great battles. Even General Kuroki's army lost only 5,000. Field Marshal Oyama's plans completely deceived General Kouropatkin. The Rus sian commander misjudged the positions and strength of the Japanese. He at first thought that General Nogi's Port Arthur army was pressing his east flank and con centrated a great force there. This force he was afterward obliged to shift to Muk don, where It arrived In a state of exhaus tion after a forced march and was unable to fight. A retrea from Mukden began March 9. It became a demoralized flight when the Russians discovered that their egress Wa being blocked by Japanese infantry and artillery from the east. The rapid ap proach of the Japanese was a complete sur prise to the Russians, who expected that their retreat would be harassed by Japan ese cavalry from the westward. Yesterday (Saturday) morning one division of Japan ese encountered several Russian regiments retreating along the road to Tie Pass. The Japaneso descended from the hills upon the Russians, who attempted to break through the lines. After a sharp engagement, In which the Japanese guns did great execu tion, 4,000 Russians surrendered with ten guns. The Japanese lost 100. According to stories told by the captured Russian officers and the appearance pro duced by their troops, the retreat lacks organization, every battalion shifting for it self. Clearing Country of Rosslaaa. TOKIO, March 13. (11 a. m.) Army head quarter make th following announce ment: All our force have advanoad north, nnr. suing th enemy In all direction andln- niciing neavy damage, ana tney nave de feated th enemy, who attempted resistance at various places. Our foices have comDletelv cleared tha enemy out of the districts twenty-five miles norm oi aiuaqen ana on Sunday were still pursuing them. The Russians abandoned countless carts or supplies ana ammunition In the district for thirteen miles from the vicinity of Kaolitun. south of Cliluilkotsu, west of the railway and sixteen miles north of Mukden. No time has yet been had to count them. One of the colors captured belonged to the Rid regime!. t from the Vlln district, which had been engaged In three previous wars. Our Slnmlntm garrison has arrested a paroled Rursian officer front Port Arthur who broke Ills parole at Shanghai and pro ceeded to Sinmintln. Adldtlonal stores Intended for1 the Rus sians have beer r:zcd at Binmlntin. A to Japanese Loan. NEW YORK. March 13.-8. Uchada. Japa nese consul general at New York City, toduy made th following announcement: I am authorised to stal that the Issue of KOOtO.twi yen exchequer bonds, an uounctd In Tuklu on February .'7, bunt' MAY BOYCOTT? ARKANSAS National Board of Fire) Vnderwrlters Weald Withdraw tales ' Law I Repealed. NEW YORK. March 13. The National Board of Fire Underwriters at a special meeting here today resolved to recom mend the withdrawal of all Are insurance business In the state of Arkansas. This action was taken because of the proposed enforcement of the anti-compact law by the Arkansas legislature. The bill becomes operative on March 23, and If not repealed by that date all policies written In the state of Arkansas will be cancelled. LITTLE ROCK, Ark.. March 13. The state senate today refused, 6 to 25, to pass a bill Introduced by Senator Thomas W. Milan of Hot Springs defining conditions under which non-resident fire Insurance companies may do business In Arkansas. Senator Milan declared that the measure was Intended primarily for the relief of property owners in the burned district at Hot Springs. The bill provided that non resident companies may do business In the state regard I cs of their membership in rating bureaus elsewhere which do not affect rates in Arkansas. The failure of the bill to pass is generally accepted to mean that the legislature will not repeal or even modify the new ntt-trust law which goes Into effect next Thursday. J. F. CORDOVA IS ON TRIAL Infrocked Minister Aceaaed of A aalt tpon Wife I Now la Court. NEW BRUNSWICK, N. J.. March i:. The trial of J. F. Cordov, the unfrocked minister and formerly pastor of the Conk ltn Methodist Episcopal church of South River, who Is charged by hjs wife with as sault and battery and abandonment, as a result of two sensational elopement with the daughter of the village blacksmith, was begun here today. Miss Julia Bowne, the young woman with whom Cordova twice fled, has persistently declined to for sake him nnd was brought Into court to day as an extremely unwilling' witness. She has been kept In jail as a witness awaiting trial, steadfastly refusing to ac cept bail offered for her release.. The first elopement of the pair occurred last May, but they returned to South River soon afterward. A few weeks ago they again eloped, going to Washington, where they were apprehended and brought here under urrest. Miss Bowne still proclaims her fidelity to Cordova, and he has re peatedly declared his willingness to accept punishment If Miss Bowne i unharmed. 1 ALKS TO MOTHERSTONGRESS Principal Address at Evening Session is by President BooseTelt v CORDIAL RECEPTION FOR CHIEF EXECUTIVE Mr. Frederick Schorr, President ot the Congress, Discusses fcei- Ity of Moral Tralalag la School. WASHINGTON. March 13.-An address by President Roosevelt was the feature of the evening session of the National Con gress of Mothers, now holding Its tri ennial convention at the Metropolitan Methodist Episcopal church. There was an mmense crowd at the church, composed largely of women, and when Mr. Roosevelt, accompanied by Secretary Loeb, arrived le was given a cordial reception. He read his speech, but now und then Interjected some extemporaneous remurks when he wished to emphasize a point. The president spoke as follows: In our modern industrial civilization there are many and grave dangers to counter balance the rplcnuors ana the triumpns. n is not a good tiling to see cities grow at dlspi oportionatc speed relatively to the country; for the small land owners, the men who own their little homes, nnd there- ore to u verv laise extent the men who till farms, the men of the soil, have bltheuo made the foundation of lasting national ine in every state; ana, n me lounaaumi becomes either too weak or too narrow, the unerstructure. no matter how attractive. s In Imminent danger ot falling. But far more imDortant than the question of the occupation of our citizens Is the qurtion of how thetr family life Is con ducted. No matter what that occupation may be, as long as there is a real home and as Ions ps those who make up that home do their duty to one mother, to their neigh bors la the state, it is or minor conse quence whether the man's trade Is plied In the country or the city, whether It . calls FIGHT AGAINST BEEF TRUST Independent Packers Raise Three Million Dollars to. Set Facta , Squarely Before Public, CHICAGO, March 13. The Dally News today says war to the knife between the "big five" of the beef cembine and twenty- six firms and corporations classed as inde pendent packers, will. It Is asserted, begin In Chicago on March 20, when the special federal grand Jury begins Its Investigations of the affairs of the alleged beef combina tion. A fund of $3,000,000 ha been raised to carry on the fight against the beef combine and set the clnln of Indreendent packers squarely before, the public. The largest of the so-cnPed Independent con cerns, Schwarzschlld & Sulzberger, la con cerned in the movement. The principal plants of the company are' in Kansas City :i large plant Is operated by the same nny In Chicago and a branch In New irk. The independent packers are said to have held meetings In Kansas City to devise & plan of offensive and defensive action. FUNERAL OF SENATOR BATE Remain of Late Tennessee States man Laid to Heat with ' Simple Services. NASHVILLE. Tenn., March 13.-Impres- slve, though simple services, participated in by the legislature, supreme court, state officials, United Confederacy bivouacs and state guards and the Washington congres slonal escort, was held In the hall of the house of representatives today over the remains of the late United States Senator William' Brlmage Bate. The religious serv ices were conducted by Rev. Dr. C. D. Kelly, who was a colonel under General N. F. Forest, and Dr. Lanlng Burrow3, a confederate veteran. The body of the soldier and statesman lay In state at the capltol all day yesterday and was viewed by fully 26.000 persons. After the ceremonies at the capltol the body of the senator was taken to Mount Olivet cemetery, accompanied by a military escort of confederate veterans. ILLINOIS PIONEER PASSES AWAY Death of Friend Cause Isaan Reynold to Take to Deathbed. PEORIA, 111.. March 13. Declaring that he had nothing more to live for, Isaac G. Reynolds, a pioneer merchant, took to his bed after the funeral of Mrs. E. A. Havens last Wednesday and never arose. He passed away at the Cottage hospital early today. Reynolds has been In business in Peoria since 1844. Some years lnce reverses over took him and he wa forced to retire from business and had lived at a home. He was 87 years old and was prostrated with grief at the death of Mrs. Havens, who had been his lifelong friend, and ordered her body burled In his lot at the cemetery. CuaUAucd. ea Beeuad. l't l BANK AT GENOA, 0., ROBBED Robber Blow Open Vault and Carry Away Nearly Thirty Thou. ' sand Dollars. " TOLEDO, O., March 11 Last night four men- blew open the vault In tha bank at Genoa, fifteen miles east of hare, and se cured between $36,000 and 130,000 In cash and carried away paper valued at $50,000. The men drove to Toledo, but when they aw the police, who were on the lookout for them, left their buggy and made their es cape. The police and detective force of the city are searching for them. GETS FIFTY CENTS FOR VOTE Traveling; Bill Poster Take Part la Kaasas City Kleetloa and Goes to Penitentiary. KANSAS CITY. March 13.-W. H. Perry, who tried to vol illegally at th recent charter election, pleaded guilty her today and wa tcntsnced to two year in the penitentiary. Perry, who was a circus bill poster, had accepted tu ceut to ai against th charter. , - r NEBRASKA WEATHER FORECAST Snow Tueday Wednesday Partly t'loady. Temperature at Omaha Yesterday! Hoar. Pes. Hour. Ilea. A a. m art 1 p. m i"l a. m 83 8 p. m 8(1 T a. lu 88 A p. m 2 a. m 83 4 p. m 2" a. m 8 5 p. m 2T 10 a. m 84 p. m 8T 11 a. n 84 T p. m 8 II n 2.1 p. m 8l f p. m 84 FIGHT FOR RATES ON GRAIN Railroad Offlclala Will Try (o Settle Dispute Between t'hlcaao and Minneapolis Intereata. CHICAGO, March 13. Efforts to adjust a rate controversy which has come up in connection with shipments of grain from points In Iowa and other states east of the Missouri river to Chicago and to Minne apolis, will be made here tomorrow at a conference of officials of the various lines. The controversy Is not one precipitated by the desire of the railroads to control business via Chicago or Minneapolis, but Is really a controversy between the Boards of Trade of these cities and the grain ship ping Interests. The Chicago grain men are anxious to have the rates from Iowa and points east of the Missouri river via Chicago made more nearly equal to those via Minne apolis, while the Minneapolis Interests are appealing to the railroads to make them higher than at present. The rates via Chi cago are 5 cents higher per 100 pounds on local shipments and 3 cents per 100 pounds higher on through shipments than they are via Minneapolis, 'ihe northern shippers ask that an additional 1V4 per cent be added. IIIQ luuiliijr ui iiir illy, n nv tin t .1 ......... for the work of the hand or for the work of the head. But the nation Is in a bad way it there is no real home, if the family is not of tin right kind; if the man is not n good hus band and father. If he Is brutal or cow ardly or sellish, If the woman hns lort her sense of duty, if she la sunk In vapid self indulgence or hns let her nature be twisted so tnat sne prerers u sterne pscuoo-niiei-lectuality to that great ond beautiful de velopment of charcter which comes only to those whose lives know the fullnesH of dtitv done, of effort made and self-sacrifice undergone. In the last analysis the welfare of the state depends absolutely upon whether or not the average family, the average man and woman and their children, represent the kind of citizenship tit for the founda tion of a great nation; nnd if we fall to ap preciate this we fall to appreciate the root morality upon which all healthy civilization Is boned. No niled-up wealth, no splendor or ma terial growth, no brlllance of artistic de velopment, will permanently avail any peo ple unless Its home life Is healthy, unless the average man possesses honesty, cour age, common sense nnd decency, unless he works hard and Is willing at need to tight hard; and unless the average woman Is a good wife, a good mother, able and willing to pprrorm ine nrst ami greatest ouiy m womanhood, able and willing to bear, and to bring up as they should be brought up, healthy children, sound In body, mind nnd character, and numerous enough so that the race shall Increase and not decrease. Duties of Man nnd Wife. There are certain old truths which will be true as long ns this world endures, and which no amount of progress can alter. One of these is the truth that the primary duty of the huRband Is to be the home maker, the bread-winner for his wife and children, and that the primary duty of the woman Is to be the helpmeet, the housewife and mother. The woman should have am ple educational advantages; but save In exceptional coses the man must be, and s'.ie need not be. anil Renerauy ougnt not to he, trained for a lifelong career as the fam ily breadwinner; nnd, therefore, nfter a certain point the training of the two must normallj be different because the duties of the two are normally airrerenij i nis aoes not mean lnenualltv of function, but It does mean that normally there must be dissimilarity of function. On the whole. I think the duty ot tre woman ine more important, the more difficult, and the more honorable of the two; on the whole I re- sptct the woman who does her duty even more than I respect tne man wno aoes ins. Inasmuch as I am speaking to an as semblage of mothers I shall have nothing whatever to say In praise of at. easy life. Yours is the work which Is never endet. No mother has Hn easy time, and most mothers have very hard times; nnd yet what true mother would burtcr her experi ence of Jov and sorrow In exchange for a life of cold selfishness, which Insists upon perpetual amusement and the avoidance of care, and which often finds Its fit dwelling place in some nai aesignen to rorumn wun the least nosslhle expenditure of effort the maximum of comfort and of luxury, but In which there Is literally no piuce tor cnn- dren? The man is nut a poor creature wnose effort is not rather for the betterment of his -wife and children than for lilmselt; and as for the mother, her very name stands for loving unselfishness and self abnegation, and. In any society fit to exist, is fraught with associations which render it holy. The womun s task is not easy no iosk worth ilolng Is easy but In doing It, and when she has done it, there shall come to her the highest nnd holiest Joy known to mankind; and having done it, she shall have the reward prophesied In scriptures; for her husband ana ner cnnoren. yes, ana nil neonl" who realize that her work lies at the foundation of all national happiness and greatness, hull rise up and call her blessed. Address by Mrs. Schoff. Preceding the president's speech Mrs. Frederick Schoff, president of the congress, delivered an address In which she spoke of "The Children of the Nation." Mrs. Schoff strongly advocated moral training in the public schools and she fa vored the appointment of an Interdenomi national committee for compiling a prac tical, simple code of moral Instruction that mould be accepted by all faiths. She also set out the Importance of the Introduction of moral training and domestic science into all schools and Bald the greatest work that can be done for the children Is to organize a parents' association In every school, with purpose of study of all ques tlons relating to child and home. Condition In Itah. Mrs. Schoff said there are various eondl tlons prevalent throughout the country which are tending to undermine high standards of marriage. Regarding condt tlons In Utah she had this to say: The superintendent of public Instruction .,f riiih testified under oath thut he had inilntcd the schools of Utah to learn whether the Mormon religion, Including polygamy, was taught In Ihem. He said that reports have not come, from all of them but that In over 300 of the 606 schools of Utah the Mormon religion was taught. Some of th teacher in these school bowed letters bearing the seal of th president of th Mormon church requesting Ih.m i taach this In th schools. Th Uvea of Mormon polygamtst wer atudled v... h. mmila. The live of Waahliurton. Lincoln and other great men in tho world' history were entirely omitted. There con dition extend also Into the states adjoin-lna- Utah. In the Brlgham Young academy, fmm 1.2(10 to 1.3o0 vounif men and young women attend, information ha come to us that polygamy Is taught there, and the head of the school Is a polygamlst. PRAIRIE FIRE IN NORTH DAKOTA All Building on a Tract of Three Hundred Suuare Mile Ar Destroyed. CCDY CASE IS NEARLY FINISHED Slater of Buffalo Bill Repeats Story that HI Wife Intended to Give II I m n Droit. DENVER. March 13 The allegation that Mrs. Cody threatened to give her husband. Colonel William F. Cody (Buffalo Bill) a drug to bring him under her control has been repeated In a deposition made in this city by Mrs. Heien Cody Wetmore, a sister of the colonel, to be filed In his divorce suit In the Wyoming court. '.'Mrs. Cody told me," said Mrs. Wetmore, mni sne. nnci obtained a drug of some character from a clalrvoynnt, nnd that she Intended to give It to Colonel Cody in order to get control over him; that she thought herself a better manager for the property than the colonel, nnd that she wished to get control of nil property at nil hazards.' This Is the statement upon which Colonel Cody bases his charge that Mrs. Cody at tempted to poison him. The trial is practically finished, with the exception of taking one or two depositions In Nebraska, before the matter Is laid be fore the court at Sheridan on March 0. Severn! witnesses will be put on tho stand at that time and the arguments In the case will consume several days. NEW CANDIDATE IN MISSOURI Keldrlnahnn Republican Wtll'Caat "'fnelr'fWe' for Jadgt Spencer fof Two Daya. JEFFERSON CITY, Mo March 13.-At caucus tonight, attended by fifty-three republican members of the legislature, ' In an endeavor to break the deadlock over the selection of a United States senator, a resolution wns adopted binding the mem bers to vote at the Joint sessions of the legislature for two consecutive days for the candidate who receives forty-seven votes in the caucus balloting. This means that the members of the legis lature are released from the caucus action where Thomas K. Nledrlnghaus was nomi nated for the aenatorshtp. The Kerens re publicans took no part In tonight's caucus and It is regarded a .extremely Improbable that they will agree to desert Kerens for ...... ,U . I. X'( .1 l .. , . . miij whauuh niruuiiKimui men may make for a compromise candidate. The balloting resulted In the selection of Judge S. P. Spencer us the choice of the caucus and according to the agreement the ballots of the fifty-three republicans preterit at the caucus tonight at least will be cast for him for the next two days. ANTI-TRUST LAW IN ILLINOIS Proposed Mcnaure Covers Combina tion of Insurance Compnnlc nnd Impose Pcnaltlea. SPRINGFIELD, ill., March 13.-In tho lower house of the state legislature tonight Representative McKlnley of Chicago intro duced an anti-trust bill, drawn by At torney General Stoad and Indorsed by Gov ernor Deneen. The definition of a trust Is enlarged to Include both life Insurance com panies and underwriters. The bill provides a system of graduate fines for corporations violating the act, a similar system for the" officer of th corporations, and It is espe cially . provided that any person or cor poration Injured by the operation of a trust shall be entitled to sue and recover two-fold all damages sustained. WOUNDED MEN MAY RECOVER Victims of Killed George Shlsaler Who Two at Denver Still Alive. DENVER. March 13-Pollce Captain Wil liam Bohanna and Police Surgeon Frank Dulln, who were shot yesterday by George Shtssler, when about to arrest him after he had killed Mr. and Mr. Kay Sill, neighbors, are still alive today and prob ably will recover. Mr. Shissler, who uf fer from heart disease, lay unconsclou many hour after hearing of th deed of her husband, but revived today. It I UU undetermined whether Shlsaler killed him elf or was wounded by on of the posse. Shissler la believed to bave been tempo rarily deranged. E LLEN DALE, N. D., March ll.-Reports from the prairie fire make It clear that It wae th most disastrous known In this sec tion. The fir burned over a tract thirty mile in extent by ten mile wide, burn lug building, stacks and stock. Th lns of hay was enormous. Some farmers lost everything they owned and ar reduced to abgltU jiflveriy, - " Movement of Ocean Vessels March 13. At New York Arrived: Umbrla, from Liverpool. At Marseille Arrived: Perugia, from New York. At Plvmouth Arrived: Kaiser Wlihelm der Grosse, from New York. At Genoa Sailed: Cltta dl Napll, for New York. - Arrived: Welmer, from New York. At Gibraltar Arrived: Konlg Albert, from New York. Sailed: Princess Irene, for New York. At Dover Arrived : Kroonland, from New York, for Antwerp, and proceeded. At Glasgow Arrived: LatirentiHii, from New York. Sailed: Pretorlan, for Hull fax. At Liverpool Sailed: Iberian, for Bos ton. At Hamburg Arrived: Bluecher, from New York. At Hremen Arrived: Brejlau, from New York. At Bo.ulogne Balled: Pretoria, for New lrk. ACER FIGHTS BACK Veteran Lobbyist Ee plies to 8ie;ned Inter- Yi6w with Representative Ernst. FLATLY DENIES SOME OF THE CHARGES Asks to Hare Kamea of Men Who Are In fluenced Made Public m j MEMBERS OF HOUSE MUCH OF SAME MIND Ager Also Alleges Ernest Has Been Great est of Pass Solicitors. SOME PROSPECTS OF AN INVESTIGATION Man Who Started It All Sot Willing to Mention Xamra nad Inclined to Hnah the Whole Mat ter I'p. (From a Staff Correspondent.) LINCOLN, March lS.-(8peclalT) "Mr. Ernst ha drawn more heavily upon me for trip passes than any other member, of the legislature." This statement was made today by J. H. Ager, the veteran lobbyist for the Burling ton railroad, In a written Interview, pro voked by charge from Representative Ernst of Johnson county, that railroad passes and theater tickets and other forms of favors have Interfered with the ptssagn of good laws at thlr session of (he lel- lature. Have yon snythin to say In reply te this statement from Mr. Ager?" was askd Mr. Ernst this afternoon. "No;" he snld, "I have not seen the state ment In print yet and, anyway, did I nsme anybody In my statement?" He did not. A correspondent for The He was In formed by a member of the hi use file a tef- noon that u resolution would bo intro duced tomorrow onllliiR on Mr." Ernst to make good his charge by naming the cor poration men who have sought to Influence legislation ami the members who have lis tened to the siren voice. This resolution Is drawn up now and there Is a lively senti ment for Its Introduction. Asked If he would furnish the house with the desired Information, Mr. Ernst replied: "I have nothing to say today." Would Drop Matter. Tonight Mr. Krflst expressed a very earnest wish that 'the house order no In vestigation or command to him to make good his charges. He Is said to have pre vailed upon one member whom he under stood would Introduce such a resolution to recede from such determination and for ho sake of the republican party Stir up no such furor as a resolution of this kind would provoke. This member and other believe that unless Mr. Ernst publicly Inform tha house that he I unable to furnish th evidence, a stigma Inevitably rest upon . the entire membership. . "So long as the name of the Individual against whom Mr. Erpst directed hi charges are not disclosed the public ia left to Judge or censure every member','! said a prominent member Jtonlght,' "The sentiment Is favorable clther-'-to . futlTe , traction by Mr. Ernst bf a complete ion- ' firmatlon of his charges With nam. ' "If such shumeful practice a Mr. Ernrt points to have been In progress and lie knows the guilty persons, It Is his duty to name them so that action might be taken," said this member. What 'rovolicd Storm.,. After annoi 'ns '..Is ;iurpoue and deslro faithfully to tefv,, Ihe peo.ile by doing hi part toward the ti.--. jri of laws calcu lated properly to regulate the railroad rate and transportation situation and other 1 matters pertaining to corporations and avowing his belief that the majority of the house are honest men, but that somehow, try as hard us they may, "certain corpora tions have been able to hoodwink and con fuse the members," Mr. Ernest utaUa over his signature: . - ' ' The trouble seems to be that so many of tho members who really desire to pass la ww lor ine interest ot me wnoiu state are new to the ways ol legislatures, whi.e the men who ure sent here and paid to manage us have had long experience. After loriy days ol tho haroest work 1 huve ever doiiu in my life 1 liegin to see now It Is that these coiporutioii lobbyist have been able to prevent the puMsago of the law thut ibo people uemand. Hy (lattery they win our coniloence; with railroad passes and lrae -tickets to the theater they put US under obligation to them; with uevillsh cuim.ug they work to keep members who Want to do something apart from each other and from coming to an understanding a to tho things tney ought to do for tne people, 'I hev even ko mi far as to try to entice members Into debauchery with wine find women In nlnht orgies, where they compro mise their character and tie their hand lrom future usctulnes to their constitu ents. They encourage distrust among u. We havu fulled because we ar unorgan ized. But It is not too late yet to change this. We may yet be able to give the state om needed legislation In spite of the opposition of the railroads, the bridge lobby and other Interests thct huv allied themselves with these. T cannot be satisfied without ask ing the members of both house -of tne legislature who really want to have some thing to show for their winter's work when they go home to their constituent to maku one more effort to stand together slid pas some of the bills now under discussion which are in the Interest of all the people. Aaer Take I'p Gauntlet. True, no r.ame 1 mentioned In the en tire Ernst statement, but Mr. Ager take up the gauntlet upon hi own motion and says: Many Interests as legitimate as those thaa. he clulnis to represent, with no man In either body who ha vole or vote uni proposed legislation vitally affecting their business, are by their officials and em ployes trying to enlighten th member who (confessedly uninformed themselves) upon the effect proposed rastrlctlva legis lation would- have upon the operation and revenue of such business, and It Is wholly right and proper that tiiey should be per mitted to do no; Indeed, no man ran Justly represent the people of any district in the legislature who doe not welaome any or all information obtainable sonvernlng any interest to be affected by his vote, provided it I Imparted in a straightfor ward, honest and legitimate way, and lie hould thank th pron Who. give It, whether he be railroad, . telephone, tele graph or bridge man. Personally. I am In tgnorano a to tha provisions of any of th so-called ''bridge bills," and Mr. Ernst' charge that th railroad and bridge Interests ar allied for the purpose of affecting legislation Is b solutel;' untrue. , A to "theater tickets," the end of th session will show that I have spent riurlng the winter for these not to xced 1-4 ana they were used In entertaining member a nnd other who with their wive are old and valued frlenda of myself hiid wife; und we do not Intend to be debarred from the privilege of exercising common court hies toward our friends, even though such friends be members of the legislature, or because I happen to be an employ of the B"rllnton railroad. In regard to "passes." Previous , to the convening of th legislature I (In accord ance with the custom of many years) ,ent the member annual panes over our line In the state, and on th personal solicita tion of members have since given them a number of trip paste tar the us of their famllle and friends; in or than ! per cent of the latter of whom wre farmers desiring to visit th legislature. Without a single exception, Mr. Ernst has drawn mora liesvliv UKon m for trip Passes tl'.nn any other member of the legislature-, he v.