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THE OMAHA' ILLUSTRATED BEE.
This Man Makes His Livelihood Doing Nothing but Wind Timepieces y I W ihiii m mm ; . .,,,,,, .v.'v '''" ' J pill . , 1 1 m niiipw.'i" ' '' 1 1 wwenwrm-rrm-; mrf'l m"' mu I i , , J jL l i7 r!Li ADJUSTING ONE) OF THE MANY WALL CLOCKS. T always takes several degrees of prldofulness out of a man to jerk his watch suddenly out of his Icjrjfil pocket and Instead ot finding out r i I the time of day discover that the watch has stopped because he failed to wind It. But when he looks up at a dial on a tower clock and notes that tt Is mani festly wrong and out of sympathy with the rest of the universe his soUf-satlsfactlon Is restored, for he has detected a mighty sin on the part of another. A clock is ' worse than no clock at all If It does not keep pace with the hours exactly, and the more persons the clock serves the greater Is the enormity when It gets lazy and falls behind the game, or, contraversoly, be comes too ambitious. The bigger and more conspicuous the clock the larger the repu tation It has to sustain. This Is the theory that brought out the following remark from a member of- the Board of Education recently, when the subject of hiring some one to wind and care for the high school clock was under discussion. "I am told," said the member, "that the high school clock Is a valuable piece of mechanism and that It wilt pay to have It properly looked after. I have no dispute with, this statement, and I am not con cerned with a few dollars one way or the other In the cost, but, gentlemen, we must have correct time. Too many "mornings have I congratulated myself that I was retting down to the office early only, to find that I was late after I arrived there. I was fooled by looking at the high school clock, and I don't propose to be any more. It Is our duty to see that the $3,000 or so Invested In the' clock, bell and appurte nances are properly cared for, but It is none the less our duty to see that the clock gives standard time to the hundreds that look at It every day." Wound on Contract. And this is why twice a week an employe of Mawhlnney & Ryan climbs a few flights of stairs, adjusts a crank to two shafts and five or more minutes winding the high school clock and assuring himself that It Is performing precisely and well. Then he takes an oil can and Inspects and lubricates the machinery. Should he forget his task once It would not make any particular dif ference In tho running of the clock, as it Is adjusted to travel forward ono week with out winding, but two neglects would cause the hands to stand still. For winding and caring for tho clock the firm that has the contract Is paid $50 a year. The Job is not a hard one, but the Board of Education thinks It better to have a person that knows something about clocks to look after this $3,000 one than to experiment with the well meant efforts of a mere Janitor, who doubtless would have the muscular strength to turn the crank, but might have too much for the general good of the clock's constitution. Dog Knew, Dishonest Man fTSAN a dog tell a thief from an I W " I honest man?" asked a man who I 1 takes an Interest In man's humble friend. "Of course this question, In the very nature of man's lim ited knowledge of the dog's mental pro ( cesses, can be answered only deductively, At best the answer will be a mere bit of peculation in any given case, and it will 'scarcely be reasonable to make any answer apply to all dogs. "Some dogs are keener mentally than others. Some dogs might1 be able to tell a thief from an honest man and some might not. I have known a few dogs in my time that seemed able to tell whether a man was all right or not. I recall one dog In particular that impressed me with a firm belief that he Just knew intuitively an honest from a dtshhonest man. Under ordinary circumstance he was not at all low In making friends with a stranger. In fact he was Inclined to be friendly. ."During the time that this particular dog was under my observation in three cases, out of nine he absolutely refused to be at all friendly with men he came in con tact with dally. He was on friendly and even playful' terms with six of the men, would answer when they called, would follow them, hunt with them and do other things to Indicate that he was friendly and had confidence. Toward three of the men bis conduct, when not Indifferent, was sullen and resentful, lie would have nothing to do with them. ' He would not obey them In any particular. It was never necessary for them to tell him to go awuy, for he would not stay around them. "Is it not a significant fact that two of these men turned out to be ex-convlcta, and that one of them was afterward sent to the penitentiary for cattle sleullng, while the other six out of the nine grew Into good, law abiding citizens? The case la not conclusive, of course. I only men tion It because of Uie fact that it is the strangest case that ever came under my, observation. The three men may have . acted in a way that made the dog sus picious of their friendly overtures, or there may be some othor explanation of the fact. Personally, I Incline to the opinion that the dog. knew the men, that Is. he was ablo to Judge from their conduct gen erally, the way they looked and acted, that they were r.ot on the square. Do Therefore, if the high school clock goes wrong the sin can.be traced. -r-e Mechanism of the Bisr Clock. The mechanism of the high school clock takes up about as much room as a baby grand piano, and stands about as high as a man's head In and on an iron frame with four legs. The thing looks like a hand cornshellcr or an ancient and over grown sewing machine with monstrosities. It stands on the top floor of the old high school directly below the tower. Above the mechanism Is a vacant room In order to give space for the weights to drop, above this the room holding the bell on which the hours are struck, still higher the dials and on top of all the lookout or observation room. There are two weights and two cranks to wind one for the clock proper and the other for the bell. The weights weigh about 600 pounds apiece and have a fall of about twenty-live feet before the clock Is run down. The power Is communi cated to the hands in the tower above by a long shaft and bevel gearing. The whole arrangement Is as simple as it can be, the weight power, or earliest kind of power used In clocks, being used, of course, with a gigantic pendulum and the regula tion dcadbeat escapement. The tower Is neither gloomy nor mysterious, though some of the chambers are a trifle dark.. Winding; Is the Least of It. "It Is no more difficult to keep a tower clock In order than any other clock," said an expert of the firm which has the con tract for the high school clock. "The hard est part of tho work is walking to the WINDING THE HIGH SCHOOL CLOCK, AN OPERATION REQUIRED ONCE AND PERFORMED TWICE A WEEK. ichool, up the steps and winding up the two weights. A little regular care twice a week and the proper oiling should keep the clock In good time and trim indefinitely. Once in a while something gets' out of order and then it Is best to have a man who understands the business do what Is necessary." Clocks fronithe Earliest. Although the tower clock Is one of the earliest forms of clocks as we know them today, they were not made in this country until about IS.' 4. The makers of the high school clock, the Howard Clock and Watch company of Boston, was among the earliest firms to make them. Their general plan nnd arrangement have not changed much In the past fifty years. A tower clock was set up In Canterbury cathedral In 1892, but It was not until about 1641 that the develop ment of clocks really began and from that day to this they have constantly Improved. Still It Is printed ' that "from the earliest period of human history men have sought , for means to measure time." There was a lot of stumbling done among the ancients who began with the sun 'dial, progressed to the hour glass, thence to King Alfred's device of twelve candles graduated to burn two hours each, and finally to the clep sydra, or great-grandfather of the clock as we know It today. The clepsydra, mark the word, measured time by letting water run out. so fast from a vessel. As there were no glass vessels they had to measure the water In crocks with a stick. Finally Mr. (?testbus Invented a toothed wheel and an ' Index and was proclaimed the coming Edi son of the Roman empire. To Spain Is given the credit for substituting the wplght for the water. How and by whom the thing was advanced to great tower clocks pos terity hath no record, but from the Canter bury 'timepiece Invention has traveled swifter than it did before. Too Simple for Any Vse. If there is any one thing that seems to Illustrate the stupidity and blindness and V. C. WHEELER, "WIIO WINDS AND. OILS THIS CLOCK. iiin mi m in Haw!1"1' ' " r ..-.- J I A . . - '": ' OILIJvG THE MACHINERY OF THE BIG HIGH SCHOOL CLOCIC Infinitely slow advance In thought and In genuity of the human race It Is the history of the clock. Most of Its principles are so dlfgustingly simple, as to afford scarce a problem to a high school student of today. Even the exact government of the ticks by pendulum Is not so definitely abstruse as to excuse the world for not discovering It be fore Galileo or applying it to clocks some centuries later. "There Is a record," reads the book, "of a clock of very elaborate workmanship having been sent by Pope Paul I to King Pepin of France In 760, and of another being Invented by Paclflcus, archdeacon of Genoa, In tho ninth century." In a certain office In New York City there Is record of several million clocks of elabo rate workmanship, known commercially as Ingersoll dollar watches, sent to as many male Americans of tender years. But back again to tower clocks they are tho most generally useful and romantic of all clocks. In poetry you can find refer ence to "the clock In the steeple strikes ten," and so on, but nothing Is said con cerning the awakening for an early train of ye citizen by an Infernal device known as the alarm clock,; nor anything regarding the consultation of J1m pocket chronometer, though one of distinction, viz., Mark Twain, has put- the Waterbury watch into litera ture. The tower clock Is by no means enough to keep the Omaha schools running right. It hss 600, more or less, smaller assistants scattered over the city. Fred Brodegaard, a Jweler, takes care of these and sees they aro on tlmo for 23 cents the year, but be Traveling Libraries in Rural Nebraska Districts WW you net think sor'-Nsw Orleans Times. im .a v. 1 n m . v. i . paiMuum ui tun suwur nppvivia I I to no one with so much force as I in thA for m ur whn.a Hava. a.. spent in sowing and reaping, and In tho problem of wise sowing in, order to make the work of the reaper more arduous as well as satisfactory. In all Industry there is no such satisfaction as comes to him who can see the garnered fruits of his toil: Something attempted, something done, Has earned a night's repose. This Is more beautifully true of the farmer, ven, than of the village black smith. Let no farmer's boy stop In the midst of his chores to envy the dapper accountant or the sallow clerk In the city store or warehouse. The yellow corn in tho crib, the fat, contented cattle In the feeding lot, "when the frost Is on the pumpkin and tho fodder's in the shock," all speak of completeness, fruition. Au tumn Is, then, not significant of the ap proach of death, but of successful under takings arrived at their fullness, and speaks not of decay, but of change and rest. The city worker whose business has to do Willi the distribution of. wealth can draw na such satisfaction from his labors. His hooks may balance, his customers be well served what of It? Ills work is never done has never any completeness. He be gins each morning where he began the morning before. So, to some workers It is given to sow without reaping either because they may nut tarry for the harvest, or because the harvest is of the sort that eye may not have seen or ear have heard. More par-, tlcularly Is the latter true of those who work with ideas, rather than materials ot commerce. The Wisconsin Free Library commission adopted for its seal the famous, representation of the "Sower." This Is a singularly appropriate emblem for a li brary commission, for It la truly a sower, who goes forth to sow, and that skillfully, even though others may reap. To put into words ur to tabulate the results of the efforts put forth by a com mission that has no a bum to correct, no limit to Its activities, but is charged with the duty of promulgating ideas, is, there fore, an Impossibility. It is not always given to us to ace which soli yields 60 and which 100 fold. The most that I may say then of the work of the Nebraska public library com mission Is to relute significant Incidents and leave the calculation as to the results to the thoughtful reader. Since the readers of The Twentieth Century ' Farmer will be more interested in such of our work as affects them must neurly, I will claim at- -tentlon to the traveling library In the rural dlntrlct of Nebiuskn. Cood Reading- on the Farm. It seems to me quite clear that the peo ple on the farms are in vastly better case with reference to the right reading of books and the appreciation of literature than city people. City life la too much like an endless succession of "moving pic tures," both to the eye and to the mind, to conduce to proper reflection. A man driving from his barnyard to a distant hayfteld behind a trusty team may safoly allpw his mind to go wandering along mental avenues guided by his reading, while the city toller must needs have his ears tuned to the city clamor, and bla mind directed to the problem of avoiding sudden death, which may take the form of a remorseless automobile recklessly driven by his nearest neighbor,, or a grade crossing, or a motorman who has for gotten to ring his bell. To do a day's work and then to rest, as the tired team that Is stalled for the night. Is not all a man's duty, or the extent of his privilege. If life had been so under-' stood all through the ages there would have been no progress. There are capaci ties, qualities of human nature that re quire food and exercise for their develop ment. To develop and round out these latent gifts of our being Is an obligation laid upon us by the Creator for Is not condemnation meted out to the servant who stupidly burled his talent in a napkin? It Is by faithfulness to this obligation that man enters into tho kingdom of his mind and so becomes ruler over many. Keeping In Touch with the World, To attain this development one must needs be in touch with the world's pulse today, and to have knowledge of the pust. Much of this may be gained from reading, and reading not altogether confined to newspapers and magazines. It seems the first function of the traveling library to awaken a desire for self-development and to afford opportunity for our people to keep In touch with the world, past, present and future. To this, end this commission has spared no effort that might bring the people of the farms and the traveling libraries together. Probably half ot the 40,000 loans made from the traveling li braries in the lost three years have been to people living on farms and ranches. When a library la sent to a village the librarian is instructed to extend the privi lege of borrowing to all who get mall or trade in the village. Many of the libraries are sent directly to farm houses or coun try school houses. Both in the school and In the home many of the books are read aloud, so that the number of .recorded loans Is but a feeble indication of the num ber of actual readers. In a settlement some distance from the railroad In the sand hills lives a woman who was once a teacher in Iowa, and ac customed to the use of libraries. Her presont surroundings afford her few op portunities for up-to-date reading for her self and her children. She applied for a traveling library. Only one or two neigh boring families cared for books, but the two little girls In whose home the books were kept reed over half the books in the library during Its stay. During a whole " ! i i -f"! . Mr-.-- f , : . ; izsgr ""sapr MwzSxi K- J 4. ' Vy:-: .... f Jr iff W, 4 .1 r ... y- .7 "7t 1 -fw eva ..1 nasnfl TRAVELING LIBRARY IN A BANK AT TOBIAS, NEB. I i 1 . ", OaCKOLAEa PTTLIGT LIBRARY XJf A 6 TORS XB X PERMANENT TRAVEL INO LIBRARY STATION. summer they kept, as a special loan, a flower book. In order that they might study the flowers of the neighborhood with their father. Who Is there that is so near sighted as to say that it la not worth while to give the children of the sand hills library privileges? What this commission wants Is to find more sucli people In the and hills and elsewhere In the state and to Induce them to borrow books from the state and to persuade their neighbors to. Home Cases In Point. - An elderly woman who had come from England to live with her daughter on a Nebraska farm heard of the traveling libraries and wrote for one. She mist.ed the libraries she was used to In England. Some charity reports sent with the library interested her, and through this commission she has bestowed money In worthy charity, and two little girls 'at the Mother's Jewels home at York, Neb., are the richer for gay colored Ureases made by our IJbrartan on a remote farm. So It seems that while we are sending hooks to thoxe who netd them, we are helping draw closer the bonds of sympathy and helpfulness, and to more thoroughly unify Nebraska-for I might add that the money and the little dresses came from the north of that fearful barrier, the Platte, and were bestowed on little Ne braskans on the other side of that awful obstruction to any all-Nebraska project. Away out to the northwest Is a neigh borhood about twenty-five miles from a railroad where we sent ar traveling library to remain through. the winter. It is used by two families and an occasional borower from a nearby ranch. During one winter there was no social or religious gathering of a general nature In that Vicinity and the books were counted on to help out the long, lonesome winter. Several libraries have been sent to the Flowing Well cattle ranch In Holt county. The box goes by freight to O'Neill, by stage to Chambers and is carted over to tho ranch from there. Special loans on horticulture and Arctic explorations have gone with the library to this neighborhood, and the books ' have been well read. A library was kept for some time in a country schoolhouse In Hitchcock county. Many of the books were read aloud to the school, and the teacher made an Interest ing report to the commission as to which books were most popular. The books were also loaned to all residents of tho school district who desired them. A Farm House Library, In school district No. 10, In Otoe county, the farmers formed a library association and borrowed a traveling library. This Is kept in a farm house. The school house is Just around the corner, and the young people are doing a good deal of reading. Special loans are frequently called for In the neigh borhood. One young fanner who does most of the work on 160 acres has read with the keenest delight whole sets of Motley and Parkman. The secretary of this li brary association makes weather and bird observations for Uncle Sam. We have sent him bird and nature books. Others in the district have had special loans on animals, psychology, road engineering, meteorology and a variety of other topics. This neigh borhood is a fine Illustration of what may be done with a few books. If they should go one step further and hold meetings to discuss the contents of the books the com mission would have nothing left to desire In that community. In many villages a traveling library, kept In a store and shelved amidst the hard ware or garden seeds. Is as accessible to the folks on the farms as to the villagers. A ret room, with a library attached is suggested as an almost Ideal Institution for towns where farmers come to trade. There Is reason to believe that some of our towns will realise this suegestlon In the not far distant future. It should be understood by all that the traveling libraries of this commission be long to all the people of Nebraska, and that' all any community has to do in order to get one la to ask, and agree to take good care of the books and return them In good condition. Letters addressed to the Nebraska Public Library commission at Lincoln will rect-lve prompt attention. The traveling library has rome to serve a useful purpose In the educational de velopment of Nebraska. We expect the final and best result of it will be the in crease of the number of books In the homes and schools of the state, and the more Intelligent use ot books by the people. CDNA BULLOCK. doesn't attempt to wind them. He merely, prescribes and mends when they are sick. "Tcmpus fugit." Mending a Broken Neck Edward L. Pape, a young salesman, liv ing at 846 Broadway, Brooklyn, N. Y., fell from a trolley car and "broko his neck;" that Is, dislocated It. They put it together again for him at the Williamsburg hospital and he Is on the road to recovery. The doctor who answered the ambulance call and had charge of the case, says that his patient would probably bo entirely well in two or three weeks. Papo tried to board a crowded Lorimer street car at Nostrand and Flushing ave nues. According to his own story he waa standing on tho step of the rear platform, waiting for an elderly gentleman to push, ahead Into the car. He had hold ot the rod that goes from the platform to tho roof. The step was Icy and when the car started he lost his footing, swung com pletely round and fell on his head. The doctor found him conscious, but suf fering severe pains In his neck. His head was thrown back and to one side and could not be moved In any direction, but there was no paralysis to suggest an injury, to tho spinal cord. lla could walk and talk. He waa hurried to the hospital and as soon as possible put under an anaesthetic and placed on the operating table. It was found that the sixth cervical vertebra was entirely thrown out of place forward, so that It Just hung on the front of the articular process of tha vertebra underneath. The sixth vertebra, could not be felt at the back of the nock. In the back of the mouth an unnatural obtrusion could be detected. The patient was on bis back. Three of the physicians took firm hold of the body. Another took hold of the head and an other roan took hold of him. Gently at first, then more firmly the head was pulled on a straight line with the body for about half an Inch. Then It was bent forward to an angle of about 80 degrees, when crack! the dislocated vertabra had snapped back into place. The whole operation took hardly thirty seconds, but It was stren uous work. Inside of an hour the patient could move his head naturally, although with great pain On account of the swelling and In flammation. He was put to bed and braced between pillows. , Pape Is able to talk and has received a number of visitors, among them the girl to whom he Is soon to be married. He is a strong, healthy young fellow, and the doc tors are confident that he will be out within three weeks. New York Sun. Strategy Wins a Contract N THESE days of the trust compe tition is dead, they tell us. In dividual enterprise Is crushed and I2?TUI the bright young salesman no m. longer has opportunity to display talents. Whether this Is a condition or a theory may be a subject of dispute in the light of an experience of a hustling repre sentative of one of the big packing-houses. This man had as one of his customers the owner of a large restaurant on Twenty second atreot. A rival salesmun underbid him and he lost the trade. A few days afterward the proprietor of the restaurant was much chagrined to hear one of the regular patrons, a posperous business man, say: "Jones, what's the matter with youiy meat? This Is not the kind we usually have handed out to us here." Mr. Jones wriggled out as best be could, only to encounter a few minutes later an other friend, Irate and famished, struggling at a table with what seemed to be a pleas of sole leather from the way It defied fran tic efforts to carve. "John. I can't stand for this," he growled. "Why don't you try a new tannery?" John laughed it off, called a waiter and ordered him to bring another steak. Then he excused himself for a moment and tip toed back to hold a little private conversa tion with the cook. The result was not altogether satisfactory and the customer left the place with appetite unappeaaed. kicking vehemently. This continued for (wo days. John could no longer look his visitors in the face. Ills speaking acquaintances were limited - to vegetarians. His irritability came near causing him to lose all his help, and he was morally certain that there Would be no more demand for his provender unless he found some wsy to turn the tide. Then by some queer coincidence the sales man he had deserted happened to enter the place. This gave John a happy thought and he renewed the old contract, tossing overboard the man of cut prices. Trade began at once to Improve. Mr. Successful Salesman, on leaving the restaurant, did a little figuring on profit and loss. On the debit side of the account there was 115 puld to friends In the neigh borhood with which to purchase meals at John's eating-house consideration not en tered In the book. On the credit side was a fst commission on a contract that would bring his house about $5,000 ft yearCbl cago Record-Herald. 1 i t M