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S TIIE OMAHA DAILY BEE: SUNDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1005. J 5 H YELLOW JACK'S TROLLEY LINE T'i r; Hajsd j Tropical Inirs'.i in Eprsad injt, Ysllow FTr. MOSQUITOES OhE HOST OF DEATH Far. Established hr Prolonged tad of Mleraaea a ail Insects Which Harbor Them Kvolatlon nt the Microbe. proceed to a certain point, and. unless an-1 grm of yellow fever clrctilst-es In the hlnod or the nick, and Is tsken mereirom when the creature bites; In the body or the stegomyht, which Is tha natural host ror the yllow fever germ, tha germ passes through changes which occupy about twelve days, and which are essential to a con tinuation or lis pernicious existence. Thesa changes culminate In the production or In numerable young", which ar conveyed In to the blood or any person that tha mos qulto may bite. In the person bitten, after a period varying between forty-one hours and five days and seventeen hours, symp toms or yellow fever begin, which are the expression ot the microbe's -evolution in man. "Tha Role of Insects In the Transmission of ntrenaa" Is the title of a timely paper contributed by JT. Millard Insfeld of Omaha to the October number of the Trained Nurse and Hospital rtevlew of New Tork. Dr. I,angfeld Is professor of bacteriology in the John A. Crelghton Med ical college and also bacteriologist or the Omaha Board of Health. Hie paper fol lows: The recent appearance of yellow fever In Ijoutslana draws attention attain to the part that a certain mosquito plHys In this disease. It also suggests the Inquiry why yellow rever, when It . Invades the United States, has or late years been confined to the southern and guir states. A consideration of the role of Insects in the transmission of diseases In general furnishes 'us most excellent reasons fur this peculiar localisation. The word trans mission Is used advisedly, namely. In the sense or transferring or pnsslng on of the eanae of the disease by Insects. In contra distinction to anch Insects as are them selves the actual cause. For example: The so-culled yellow fever mosquito Is not the primary cause of yellow fever", It la only when this mosquito harbors the rara site of yellow fever that It can convey the disease. It la an accessory factor only the accidental host or a death-dealing microbe. On the other hand, the Itch mite is the primary cause or the disease we call Itch," the manifestations of which are the direct result of the female burrowing Into the akin to lay her eggs. The Investigations which suocessfully solved the problem of the part that In sects play In the transmission of disease Incriminated not only the mosquito, but the fly, the bedbug, ttie ant, the flea, the tick, and probably the body louse Insects which have the greatest opportunity for contact with both food and human beings. The diseases spread by these Insects make quite a"-formldable list, a few of the more common onea being yellow fever, malaria, typhoid fever, cholera, tuberculosis and bubonic plague. Incidental to, but not less Important than these Invaluable discoveries, are the many other Interesting phenomena brought to light In the course of these studies. Chief among them is the fact tbat all animals, both u qua tic and terrestrial, cold-blooded and .warm-blooded, also suffer from dis cuses conveyed by Insects. Of biological Interest are the many curtous and unex pected data concerning the life history, or cycle of development, of very low forms of animal life. As a rule diseases communicated through the agency of Insects are caused by the lowest forms ot animal and vegetable lire, the organisms being so small as to be in visible to the unaided eye. To this class or micro-organisms the vegetable kingdom has given the bacteria; the animal king dom the protozoa, fllaria and the like. Borne diseases are caused by microbes so minute that an Instrument has not yet been devised to make them visible, yet we are aware of their presence through tests evolved from the study of forms which the microscope has revealed. Inserts MS Disease Carriers. A micro-organism, microbe or germ ot a disease is carried by an Insect either acci dentally or as a host. In the former in stance some portion of the insect's body becomes soiled by disease germs, which, In turn. are transferred to food or persons during the creature's flight. In this way many diseases may be carried, among them typhotd fever, cholera and tuberculosis. Or the Insect may Imbibe the germs with Its food and then contaminate persons or food with Its excrement, the germ passing through it. Still another possibility is the contamination of wounds either during flight or by a person crushing the insect and then scratching the spot where it had let up an irritation through biting. Plague, lock Jaw, etc.! may be conveyed In this way. When the insect acts as a host for the germ, an entirely different condition is presented; the Insect Is not only the carrier 5f the germ, but Is an Incubator for It, as It were, during one phase of its life history. In the host the microbe finds all the condi tions favorable to Its growth and multi plication, and, colncldentally, for the In urease In virulence of Its specific virus. The germ is, in this case, a parasite on the :nsect. There exist In the world numerous (enera of animal and vegetable life that ilways live upon other genera as parasites; that is to say, they live at the expense it other organisms by sharing their food, )T by drawing nourishment directly from :hclr bodies. The organism , that supports :he parasite Is called the host. Among ow forms of life parasitism is almost the ule. Many ot the parasites require two tosts to successfully carry out their life yole one host to support their baby or arvat form, another the mature or adult 'or in. In each host development ran only other host Is found upon which they can continue their development, their life Is ended. Therefore, when an Insect carries a microbe for which It Is a host (among low forms It 4s almost a biological law that each parasite has a particular host and no other) It must be regarded with greater fear on account of Its greater pos sibilities for doing harm. In Illustration of this, the mosquito serves as an excel lent example. The mosquito Is the host for the microbes of both malaria and yellow fever; when It bites a person sOfTerlng from one of these, diseases It sucks up with the blood a few or the parasites of the dlsesse. These parasites can in no other way get out of the afflicted person' body and would perish If a fatal termina tion of the Infection resulted; or they would be destroyed within the persons hody should he recover. Hut the few which find their way Into the mosquito's body produce Innumerable broods Ihnt are from time to time Innoculated into one person after another as long as the creature Is active. The mlcrole of yellow revrr Is not yet to be discovered, unless we accept that one described by working party No. 1 or the public health anil marine hospital service. This party, consisting or Drs. Parker, Heycr and Fothler, while working at Vera Crux, Mexico, in 100-'. during an epidemic of yellow fever, discovered In the body of a yellow fever mosquito a microbe that bears a close resemblance to the malarial germ. It was found only after the mosquito had bitten a yellow fever patient. Hut these doctors were not able to find the sme germ or Its antecedent In the blood of the sick. Therefore, until this most essential fact In the chain of evi dence Is supplied, we cannot accept their microbe as the cause of yellow fever. Nevertheless, despite the fact that the yellow fever microbe Is not known, we are fortunately In possession of the impor tant facts relating to the spread of the dlseuse. HOUSES WITH MANY CLOCKS A Remedy for Insomnia and a Fad Among; People Otherwise 9ane. WARD OFF DI3EA3Q By fortlfyina your system with a reliable blood medicine. An alcoholic stimulant would do f more harm than food n1 the rec Hon from It . i( 'A W!1 ivou nsarer complete pros- irauon man ever before. With $tomuch and blood In good order you can tight the battle of life suo censfully against all odds. Got dies Seal boot (Hy drastis), li a famous remedy for dyspep sia, and Que km a root (SilWtiiffia), has a direct action In promoting the renewal o! the blood. Both of these are usod In Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery In such a way, by skillful extraction, com bination and solution without alcohol, that their best effects are secured Many years of actual practice con vinced Dr. Pierce of the value of many native roots as medicinal agenu and ha went to great expense, both In time and tn money, tc perfect his own peculiar pro cesses for rendering thera both efficient and safe for continuous um as tonlo and rebuilding agents. ' Tha enormous popularity of "Golden Medical Discovery " Is due both to lis sclautitlo compounding and to the actual me.tlninal value of the Ingredient. The publication of the name uf toe tfiorcdl eiits en tho wrapper of avery bcttlo hereafter to be sold, gives full assur ance of its non-alcvhoilo character and removes all objection to the ue of an 'unknowf remedy." rrV. The Original LITTLE LIVER WwX5k. PILLS, first put tip by old Dr. Kea R. V. Pierce ovfr 40 years ago. Much Imitated, but new equaled. LltUs pill. Little doee, but give great re mit In a curative way In all deranga gtenU of Stomach, Liver and Bowels, "Common Sense Medical Adviser' will be aan I true, pa per-bound, for tl oca-cent stamps, to pay tha cost of mailing only, or ciodt-bouud for Si stamp. Address Dr. Plaraa, 0G1 iUim 6vX But Known Methods of the Disease. Tho conclusion reached by the medical board of the United States army, com posed of Doctort Iteed. Carvall, I-azcar and Agarmonte, submitted in 1900, and those of a later report submitted by Major Reed in 1901, contain practically all tree facts es sential to be known to prevent the spread ot yellow fever. Briefly, the conclusions are as follows: 1. The mosquito, stegomyla fasclata, serves as the tntermediat-e host for the parasite of yellow fever. 2. Yellow fever Is transmitted to the non Immune Individual by the bite ot the mos quito that has previously fed on the bipod of those sick with this disease. S. An Interval of about thirteen days or more after contamination appears to be necessary before the mosquito Is capable of conveying the Infection. 4. The period of incubation In thirteen rases of experimental yellow fever has varied from forty-one hours to five days and seventeen hours. (The "period of Incu bation" is the time that elapses between the mosquito bite and the onset of the disease). , 5. Yellow few is not conveyed by fom ltes and hence disinfection of articles of clothing, bedding or merchandise, suppos edly contaminated by contact with those sick of this disease, Is unnecessary. 6. A house may be said to be Inf-ected with yellow fever only when there are present within Its walls contaminated mos quitoes capable of conveying the parasite of the disease. 7. The spread of yellow fever can be most effectually controlled by measures directed to the destruction of mosquitoes and the protection of tire sick against the . bites of these insects. S. While the mode of propagation of yel low fever has now been definitely deter mined, the specific cause of this d la-ease, remains to be discovered. The Mosqalto Theory. The discovery that a particular genua of mosquito conveyed yellow fever led to a study of this particular Insect's habits. An Impetus had already b-een given to the atudy of mosquitoes as carriers of disease through the earlier discovery of Ross that another g-enus the anopheles, was the transmitter of malaria. The study of the habits ot the et-egomyla disclosed marked differences between It and the anopheles. Whereas th-e anopheles prefers densely pop ulated centers. While on the one hand the anopheles breeds in naturally still or slowly moving bodies of water, the steg omyla is domestic in its habits, preferring open vessels in and about a household. Therefore, while the anopheles breeds In the open, in swamps and shallow puddlea of wat-er. the stegomyla elects water-bar rein, cisterns, gutter-spouts and even the shallow vessels placed about table-legs In certain regions to exclude ants. It waa also learned that the stegomyla Is not so widely distrlbut-ed as the ano pheles, being found chiefly in tropical and sub-tropical countries. Yet if transported. as it often haa been by rail or boat, it may become acclimated in any place which supplies the conditions necessary for its d-evelopment. And If perchance it har bors the parasite of yellow fever, the disease is soon spread by it and the young It breeds. For example: Working Party No. 1, states that while at one time the st-egomyla was supposed to be a coast mosquito, In twenty-eight years It has gradually extended Into the interior Mex Ico) to great altitudes along the commer cial lines of communication, until now It Is a constant Inhabitant at places with an altitude of from 3,000 to 4,000 feet, and yearly causes epidemics of yellow fever. Other factors In regard to the life-history of this Insect that are of Importance In this connection are: That this mosquito does not bite when the temperature is below S3 degre-es F. ; that Its eggs are not hatched out below 68 degrees; and that an average temperature of 75 degrees F. or higher Is required for it to multiply abundantly. In these facts we find the explanation as to why a cool spell decreases the number of new cases, and a frost kills off the di sease completely. Confined to Certain Localities. From the foregoing, it is evident why yellow fever occurs principally in tropical and sub-tropical countrius. Many contrib uting circumstances are essential In order that the disease may gain a foothold; and these are supplied by a limited number of places. Particularly In the tropics, to a lesser -extent In sub-tropical countries, the conditions still prevail in most places which make this pest-carrylng mosquito possible. Surface drainage, lack of public water supply, which means cisterns, rain-barrels. water-buckets to hold the day'a sup ply of drink-water; inefficient or no sew age system; a large indigent population, none too cleanly In Its habits; these arc all important contributing factors In that they offer convenient breeding places for this pestilential mosquito. Add to these conditions a mean high temperature, and the mosquito, once Introduced, multiplies rapidly and becomes a permanency. Then only one Imported case of yellow fever la necessary to create what physicians call an endemic focus. Given a town In which there are lacking the public Improvements above described, this town may never have bad a rase of yellow rever within Its bound aries, yet. it only remslns for a ship or far to bring one female parasite-harboring mosquito, and the trick la turned the seeds of an epidemic have been sown on fertile soil. To recapitulate: Yellow fever confines Itself to certain localities because the conditions thera are favorable to tha propagation of the yellow fever moaqulto; that yellow fever is con veyed from the sick to tha well by a moa qulto, tb stegomyla fasclata; that tha "Forty clocks In one house Is not by any means uncommon," said a New York clock msker. "In some private residences the time pieces exceed even this number. Al most any house of fair size will have from fifteen clocks up to twenty or thirty." With forty or more clocks In operation It ran be Imagined that a rare treat may be In store for the restless guest at his friend's country place. As he tosses sleep less on the pillows of his strange bed the hour of 12 approaches. Suddenly the slow, sweet tones of the chimes of the great clock In the dining room break forth upon the silence In glo rious melody. Scarcely have the chimes died away, followed by the deep measured, deliberate strokes that mark the hour, than another clock hursts forth upon the scene with its message. This time the hour Is announced In rather a saucy, emphatic manner one stroke banging after the other like shots from a rapid fire gun, the entire twelve consum ing little more time than one stroke of the big clock. Then from another room In the opposite side of the house comes the faint and barely distinguishable notes of a bar of mutilc that Is still another time piece's way of demonstrating that the midnight hour has arrived. These notes are closely followed by a f.rand chorus of rings, bangs and tinkles as the score or more remaining time pieces whirl Into action. Silence more Intense by contrast follows this unexpected and somewhat startling outbreak upon the night's quietness, which Is again undisturbed save by the occasional striking of the quarter and half hours. The guest's sleeplessness disappears In the perfect silence that follows the charming midnight concert. "How are so many clocks kept In good running order?" repeated the clockmaker. "Easily enough. No one In the house Is supposed to touch or wind a single clock. That duty Is left to the clockmaker. "I spend one day each week winding clocks. In one house alone in this city an hour and a hair of my time each week is taken up in winding the clocks. Of course I regulate them, too. And If there Is any slight repair to be made, I attend to that, too. "This constant and careful attention Is economical In the long run When a clock maker attends to your time pieces you may be sure the work is done thoroughly. For he Is regular in his work, and regular wind lng means better time. A lady in Tarry town has more than forty clocks In her summer home. I make a trip one day each week up there through the summer season to keep her clocks in good shape. She is a great lover of time pieces, and has many rara and beautiful specimens, and never tires of adding new clock to her collection. "Many people buy clocks Just the same as they do brio-a-brac, and the number they already have never seems in any way to affect their purchase of new ones that may strike their fancy. There Is an old saying that there's always room for another clock, and I guess that's about right. "No room seems to be complete without one, and as some residences have nearly a hundred rooms, it is easy to understand how one house may contain forty or more clocks and yet not have the appearance of a clockmaker's store, as one might at first think. "We now have clocks that suit the laziest and most forgetful person down to the ground. These are Imported, and run for 400 days with one winding.' Anybody ought to be able to remember to wind a clock In that time, and this Btyle of time piece seems to be meeting with great favor, for we have recently sold a great many of them." New York Sun. VAST COST OF EDUCATION Why America Leads the World in Intel lectual Dsvelspmsot. MILLIONS SPENT IN TRAINING MILLIONS lastraetlve Review of Kdaeatlonal Progress la All Parts of tha Coaatry an the Moaey Invested Annually. Money madness Is the besetting sin in tho United States, according to all the rest of the world. And It may be true that here and there an American does like to make a dollar how and then every day, pos sibly. But the grand passion of people of the I'nlted States is for education, not 'Money. With them the education microbe has done Its perfect work. In their efforts for mental training Americans lead the world. The latest official and trustworthy figures, the only ones, in fact, are furnished oy the nited States bureau of education. Its last report deals with the school year of 1902 13. When the report was closed the total. to be exact, wss 1S,187,91. But even this vast total does not take In 11 the Americans who sre striving eagerly to Improve their mental condition, some of them with every ounce of energy they have left after doing their day's work each twen ty-four hours. For, entirely outside the lft.oon.ooo, en tirely unnoticed by tho statisticians, come he students enrolled for Instruction by the famous Chautauqua university, the sn.ooo who are regularly taking the Young Men's Christian association courses, and the stu dents of the correspondence schools, whose ubscrlbers number thousands. I nele gam's Edneatlonnl Problem. This country alone, of all the countries In the world, has manfully attacked, and for Its own preservation must accomplish the herculean task of operating constantly educational mills of such magnitude that they can accommodate 18,000,000 pupils and students from almost every race on earth. The pupKs of the "common" primary schools, Including tho city evening schools, make up 1B.7&0.000 of the grand total of be- ween 18,000,000 and 19,000,000 composing the American school army, as shown In the latest educational reports. This 15,750,000 are put through our edticatlonal mills with out the cost of a penny to themselves for tuition, and In many states for books, even; each community paying the cost of Its own schools in the main, the federal gov ernment educating only about 29,010 Indians, In round numbers, and ,2,500 primary pupils In Alaska. Now, what about the other millions In the educational army? Well, rather more than 1,000,000 are swallowed up by those primary schools that are supported by pri vate means. A Million for Higher Education. Broadly speaking, considerably more than 1,000,000 of all the students who go to school In the United States are Intent On some degree of the higher education. This is one In every eighty of the whole population (allowing that the 76.000,000 of 1900 have grown to 80,000,000 In 1906), by all odds a larger proportion than can be shown In the high schools, preparatorj schools, colleges, universities and professional schools of any other nation now or ever In history dwelling on the crust of the earth. Not to imitate the pages of a gazetteer too closely, here are the exact figures showing how this army of higher educa tional students, in America Itself larger than the army of Japan In Manchuria, was divided tip when the latest official figures were made: High) schools, acadamtes ajid pre paratory aenariments ttKis.412 rjetnr public hlsih school students) 77ft MT, Universities and colleges proper.... 126.8S4 rroiessiunai scnoois (lav, meatcine, aivinuy, eicj 61,N71 Normal schools 64,114 PRATTLE OF THE YOlXCSTERi. "How old are you, Mabel?1' asked tha In qulsltlve caller. "I'm 7 and five-twelfths years," answerei: Mabel, who has a great liking for fractions Dorothy was accustomed to having her eggs broken Into the cup before they came to the table. One morning she said "Mamma, why can't I have my eggs cooked with the hulls on, same as you do?" "Why, Johnny, what's the matter with your face?" queried the anxious mother of a small boy, whose countenance looked like a railway map. "Oh," answered Johnny, "Sammy Hlggln said he didn't like my face, so he fixed It to suit hlmelf." ' , ';Ia, may I go out and play with Willie Gratter?" "That's the son of the politician, Isn't Itr "I dunno whose son he is. ma, but he' tha only boy on the street who says I can lick him an" don't make me prove It." Horatio G. Herlck of Lawrence. Mass. took a lively Interest In the schools of hi home town. Shortly after Garfield's death Mr. Herlck visited one of the schools and made an address upon the life of the states man. He asked: "Now, can any of you tell me what a statesman Is?" A little hand went up and a little girl replied: "A states man Is a man who can make speeches. "Hardly that," answered Mr. Herlck, who loved to tell this story. "For instance, sometlm.es maks speeches, and yet I i not a statesman." The little hand again went up and ths answer came triumph antly: "I know; a statesman Is a man who mukes good speeches." Pointed Paragraphs. True love says nothing and swaps kisses A swelled head Indicates a contracted heart. It Is easier for most people to be poor than honest. A knot will not come untied if It would rather knot than not. Give a woman a chance to show oft and she will make good. Some men make friends and some others make them tired. Pride holds a few people up and throw a good many down. No, Alonxo, a man of grit doesn't neces sartly have a sandy complexion. Speaking of unnatural mothers, what' the matter with the Incubator? Many a woman leads a dog's life by hold lng the other end of the string. A man who Insists on having everything bis way will have trouble thrust upon him. Enjoy life today. Tha joys of yesterday are past and those due tomorrow may fall to arrive. It doesn't take the average man long to tell all ha really knows, but ha never gets through telling what he thicks ha knows.. CWcayia Ksws. . El pptl pil jfef pfcf ibad LlSaJ ib&si. u rvnrvTi OPENS A COAL Tl lEPARTMENT JVlll frTm in Coal Direct From the MINES TO THE CONSUMER DY THE POUND, TON OR CAR Watch the Prices Tumble 111! IS Department Store Prices on Coal and Green Trading Stamps Every Time. There Are Two General Grades of Bituminous Coal on This Market The first grade is from the best mines of Pennsylvania, Ohio and Wyoming; sold by regular dealers at $0.50 to $7.40 per ton. Against this we offer Bennett's Capitol Coal 5.75 The second grade includes good Illi nois, Iowa and Missouri coal, the qual ity most commonly in use; sold by regular dealers at $5.75 to $6.50. Against this we offer Bennett's Economy A CHEAPER GRADE-Bennett's Block, $4.75 THE MOST CENTRALLY LOCATED COAL YARDS IN THE CITY Twelfth and Chicago Streets and Illinois Central Tracks. mm This department is opened at the urgent request of many customers, and we are prepared to give the buying public an opportunity for a liberal saving on this most important necessity COAL. All Coal is Weighed on City Scales and Attested by City Weighmaster and delivered to all parts of the city. "S. & H." GREEN TRADING STAMPS EVERY TIME. ORDER AT COAL OFFICE-MAIN FLOOR. iii Pill lim BPI Hll Sll aiaJJi tgUlSaj) iTTisitoial ffifeaaIaj; &-iUi;,anj Total 1,0:31,464 That part of life covering the eleven years beginning with the age of 15 and end ing with 25 may properly be considered the "college age," and, roughly speaking, the number of persons Included in these ages in the L'nlted States when the last census was taken was 15,000,000. Extending the college age limit for those who may linger over' professional and post-graduate studies to 27, the total would be about 18,000,000. Besides the million and more students In these high schools, colleges and professional schools, there are about 150,000 young men and women (137,979 In 1903) attending business schools, and more than 60,000 studying art, music and other subjects In miscellaneous schools a total, ray, of 200,000 in round numbers who are training themselves solely to earn a living and without the slightest pretensions to any aim at srholarshtp. An Army of Teachers. More than 600,000 men and women from college presidents down to plain school ma'ams and schoolmasters are kept busy as teachers throughout the school year. The public school teachers alone numbered 449. 287 in 1903. Everything in America, say the critics of America, must ultimately be figured down to the basis of the dollar. It is In order, then, to say that the totul cost of carrying on the public schools In the country Is more than tJ60,000,000 a year (almost exactly that In 1903), and that the yearly expense of run ning the colleges and universities Is rather more than one-tenth as much rlning above 127,000,000 in ;903. The yearly expense of carrying on all the other schools In the country has not been computed. But there, is no doubt that the total, Is a good deal more than 300.0il0,000, a sum so big that the wealth of a Rockefeller even would quickly melt If It were put to the test of meeting it as a yearly payment. Including the students In the professional schools, and the faculties as well as the students In the colleges and universities, the division of the population which may here be lumped as college students num bered about 187 000 whe: the last educational report was got out. At the opening of the college semester this fall It must number more than 200,000, or, to make a military comparison, only a few thousands less than the entire military force of Great Britain and Ireland In time of reace. The Vnlted States leads In number of col leges and universities as well as students, there being more than 600 in this country, as against less than loo all told In Great Britain, Germans; and France. Presidents and Tbelr Work. But, on the other hand, the best of our universities, our old established seats of learning In the east, like Yale and Harvard, Princeton and Columbia; our newer fabu lously endowed western universities, like Chicago and Inland Stanford; our great co educational and stste universities, like Michigan at Ann Arbor, Wisconsin at Madi son and Pennsylvania at Philadelphia; our Johns Hopkins and our Clark; our smaller colleges and universities dating hack to t lie early days, vital with tradition and scholar ship, though never rich or boasting students by the thousand, such as Bowdoln, Virginia and Williams, and scores and acores of others, these earn in Its own way may hold up their heads with the best of the old world institutions. Our college presidents as a class, con sidering their number, probably are as In fluential with their fellow cltlsens as any other rlass whatsoever. The names of the most virile among them are names that ths world will not soon forget. Indeed, not to lshed, those now tn the harness make up a group of men who stand upon an extraor dinarily high level. Unlike the colleges and universities of the old world, more than half of those in tho new are privately endowed, there being about twice as many Btudents In the pri vate as in the public universities In this country. Tha College Girl. The most truly distinctive feature of American college life la the American col lege girl. She la nearly 45,000 strong, exclusive of the normal students. She flocks by herself In colleges established and conducted espe cially for her use and behoof by the thou sand, and In coeducational colleges along with her brother, her cousin, her sweet heart and other young men by the tens of thousands. It would be hard to say whether the "co-ed" or the distinctively woman's college girl Is the more desirable product. In some quarters it is thought that the problem of college education for women has been solved best at Columbia and Har vard, where they may take the same courses of study, wholly or In part, un der the guidance of the same faculty as the men. Somewhat similar schemes are In force at Brown, the Western Reserve and Tulane universities. Nevertheless, the strictly woman's colleges like Vassar, now forty years old; Welles ley and Smith, ten years younger, . and Bryn Mawr, founded only twenty years ago, but likely to last a century, are flourishing like veritable bay trees, and so are the big co-ed" colleges. The woman's college presidents make up a small class, but their Influence Is out of proportion to the'r numbers. Two of them are men, curiously enough, but the others are women. Miss Thomas of Bryn Mawr, Miss Huzard of Wellesley, Miss Woolley of Mount Holyoke and the rest of thein are surely Impressing a strong personal Influence of the young women students un der their direction, and so, indirectly, upon the world ut large. Not only a very lurge percentage of Btu dents are earning their way through, as Hf-lf-i tllant and as Independent' as any one on earth, but the average of devotion to study is as high today in the colleges of the I'nlted States as It ever was In all the history of college education, either In America or elsewhere. Western Colleges Forging Ahead. The shifting of the college attendance within the last few years has been remark able. Of the fifty-four colleges and uni versities, each of which has an attendance of 1.0(io or more, thirty-five are located In "the west," a surprising statement to many, no doubt, but perfectly true. If the old eastern boundary of "the west," the Alleghenies, be accepted. Moreover, the at tendance at some of these new western colleges and universities Is much larger, in comparison with the older eastern uni versities, than most folk suppose. Harvard, with 5.393 students, still leads, and Columbia conies next, with 4.8SJ; but It is a western university Chicago, with 4.580 that comes third. Then comes the Northwestern, with 4,007; Ann Arbor, with 4,0u0; the University of Minnesota, with 1.900; the University of Illinois, with 3,594; Cornell (eastern), with 3.423; the University of California, with 3.400, and the University of Wisconsin, with 3,151. Pennsylvania has only i,692. only a little more than in excess of the f,2 in at tendance at Washington university, St. Louis. Yale also falls below the 1.010 mark, the number being 2,9. while the University of Georgia (southern), with 2.491, has nearly twice as many as famous Princeton, Willi Its 1,373, and the University of Nebraska, with 2,513, lacks less than 100 of doubling tha Princeton figures. The University of Texas, of which many easterners have never heard, almost equals Princeton in attendance, with 1.348, and In land Stanford, with 1,4U. has about 1' more than Princeton, Other figures Just as surprising might be given, hut they are as nothing to the figures that will be needed to represent the future growth of the universities of the west. Chicago Inter Ocean. were owners, had a Washington forty or J mention those .w hoso work has t-eeu. Ha-J mure jearl ago nxssWkxsf sshna IBB TT 0 Leaving ll owa Ocean I.laer Earned Washington. The North German Lloyd haa departed from 1's cuHtom of calling a new ship after a European monarch or bis family and will christen its latest leviathan after ths "Father of His Country." Announcement of the decision tn rail a 17,00u-ton vessel to t built the Wsshington wss made recently. The construction of the Wsshington has been Just begun at the Tecklenburg ship yard". Hremerhaven, and it will be com pleted late In 1907. It Is ths first Instance In which a big Una has used tha name Washington. What waa known as ths Bremen line, of which the Ruger Brothers You will want your favor ite newspaper, The Omaha Bee, to go along with you. It is better than a daily letter from home. Before leaving give your order to have The Bee tn ailed to your out-of-town address. The address may bo changed as often as you wish. Telephone 897 or fill out and mail us the blank below. CIRCULATION UBP'T. OMAHA I313B. Ploaso havo Tho Daily and Sunday Boo now going to (Present address) r met wis sent until , 2005, or until furthor orders, to addrosa bo low. (Out-of.town address) The janitor service In The Bee Building is as near perfect as it can be, remembering that janitors are human. Offices from $10 to $4? per month several desirable ones from which to choose. m I ...... . IP ' 3 7 11