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THE OMAJIA DAILY BKK: FMDAY, DKUEMBEK 1, 1W3.
iTiiR Omaha Daily Pee K. ROIKWATER, EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Ially Bee (without Sunday), one y"r..4(rt I'HHy lire and Bunday, one year sou Illustrated Bee, on year i.in Sunday bra. una year 2.ii baturday ona yoar : I DELIVERED BY CARRIER. Dally Bra (without Sunday), per wepk...la Dully Bee (Including- Sunday), per wiwk.Kc Evening Bee (without Sunday), per week -to Evening Bee (with Sunday), per week....lu Sunday Bee, per copy Sc Address complaints of Irregularities In de livery to City Circulation Department. , OFFICES. ' Omaha Tha Bee Building. South Omaha City Hall Building. Council BlulTa 10 Pearl Street. Chicago 1640 Unity Building. New York-lSOrt Horn Life Ins. Building. Washington Ml Fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. Communlcatlona relating to news and ed itorial matter ahould be addressed: Omaha Bee, Editorial Department. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or postal order, payable to The Bee Publishing Company. Only i-cent stamps received as payment ot mall accounts. Personal checks, except on Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accepted. THE BEE PUBLISHING! COMPANT. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. State of Nebraska, Douglas county, as: C. C. Rosewater. secretary of The Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn, saye that the actual number of full anil complete copies of The Dallv, Morning, Evening and Sunday Ber. printed during the month of October. 1906, wa as fol lows: l as.ioo t 30.T00 an.oort stiao 81, 220 .. K1.820 17 WVWiO 18 so.eoo 19 BO.OBrt HO.020 n ai.nio a imbo 7 2,4io a o.r7o so.oan h ao.ooo si.oao x st. 100 19 Sl.lOO 28 BO.N80 L. Sl.lOO 27 30,910 BO.T10 a si,so J RO,2 a 80,700 m.aio to si.ooti J 80,40 II 30,000 8O.70O , Total 903.K40 Less unsold coplaa 10.9D1 Net total sale 082.240 Dalty average 8O.7IT C. C. ROSEWATER. Secretary. Subscribed In my presence and sworn to before, mo thta Slat dav of October, urns. (Seal) M. B. HUNOATB, Notary Publio. WHES OUT Or TOWH. Subscribers leaving; Hie city tent, porarllr shouM save The Bee mailed to them. It la better than llr latter frosu borne. Ad dreaa will be chaiftd aa often aa requested. Omaha Is forging ahead In spite of its tnossbackn and pullbncks. Andrew Hamilton has been discov ered, but ho has had plenty of time to llx up ft story and arrange for corrobo rative evidence. Now that Farley has been employed to break tha teamsters' strike In Gotham, New York police Burgeons may prepare to work overtime The real thanksgiving time did not reach many homes In America until after the roster of tho casualties In the foot ball games bad been read. The German ; government apparently feels that it is equal to controlling the Equitable Life without waiting for a report from any legislative committee. For a place where all wire connnunl ration Is Interrupted Kt. Petersburg has exhaustive reports from Sebastopol; but perhaps wireless has progressed farther In Russia than In America. Officers of the commissary depart ment detailed to study the art of army cooking at Fort Itiley will probably be gin their work by "roasting" the au thorities respim 'l lor the order. ! '. .'.1 J The fine which the Colorado supreme court Imposed upon Editor-Senator Pat terson may scare others from express ing contempt, but It will hardly chnuge any opinions iu the Centennial state. The consul general to Mexico advisus Americans not to Invest In companies operating lu that country until after close Investigation. The same advice could be safely followed for companies at borne. The syuiMnluru on real estate value la Omaha that is promised in a Horn, in court next week by Omaha real estate dealers will make interesting reading and advertise Omaha as a growing and pushing city. '"js"sssasssssssssssjssssssssssn Mr. McCurdy says he resigned office because he found his physical condition unfit to bear the work of the Mutual Life dnrlng the present investigation. In other words, his muscles proved too prak for his nerve. - The republican publisher of one Omaha weekly poper succeeded In touching the democratic state committee for $10 during the last catupalgu. Dem ocratic newspaper publishers should at once apply for the formula. Oue first oluxg hotel at one time Is all that Omaha asks for. Whether It U twelve stories or eight stories In height Is lint material so long as we do not Lave to wait fur It until the Omaha & Lincoln suburban trolley line Is lu op eration. " Let us stop building air cas tles and build a hotel. The proclamation Issued by the chair man of the New York legislative insur ance Investigating committee to allay the fears of the jolicy holders threaten ing to lapse' their contracts, translated Into plain English, means that policy holders In the big life companies should be thankful the officers left something for them. IVtunty officials who come to Omaha to assist the railroads in their tight against the assessment returned by the statu board of equalization can have uo valid objection if their efforts are ap preciated more by the railroad coin- pan tea than by the people. The "square daTl pot n ephemeral ti'tUiur lu Ne fcrakVa Uil time. TKMM KATtC TKyDKSdES ABROAD- That a popular upheaval analogous to that which Is convulsing the Russian empire Is likely 1o develop in other European countries recent events make evident. A Vienna dispatch of a few days ago reported that from a window of the royal palace Emperor Francis Joseph watched 2IKIXH) of bis subjects Waring red flags march by the parlia ment building, in silent, ominous de mand for full and equal suffrage for all Austrlans. The demonstration was under the auspices of the social demo crats, who have become a very strong organization in AnRtrla and are Increas ing In nuralers. The demonstration at Vienna showed how well organized are the forces demanding universal suffrage and Is probably but the leglunlng of a movement that will force the govern ment to make the concession called for. A correspondent at the Austrian capital says the signs ore abundant that unless the government hastens to prepare a large measure of suffrage reform, Vi enna will soon be the scene of a serious impular movement. Hungary is less ac cessible to outside Influence, but there, too, the significance of the popular de maud for universal suffrage Is unmis takable. The common people of Europe are beginning to understand their power and are preparing to exercise it. The Paris correspondent of a London paper states that the revolutionary socialists all over the continent have their eyes fixed on Itussla, where what has already taken place has materially raised theln hopes. Such a party exists In France and Is particularly active just now, In view of the general election. Thus all the political forces In Europe which are opposed to the existing order of things are extraordinarily active and It is Inevitable that some of the changes they are working for will be effected. Movements of this character are not likely to go backward. They may halt for a tjme, but they do not recede. The seed they sow will often develop very slowly, but they are never killed. Once the spirit of freedom and equal rights has taken firm hold upon a people it may lie possible to give It a temporary check, but Its growth cannot be wholly stopped. The democratic tendency abroad is a matter which, the American people can regard with entire satisfaction, so long as it does not manifest Itself In violent outbreaks and disorderly demonstra tions. All present conditions Indicate grbat changes in European political af fairs lu the not remote future and they will be In the direction of more liberal Institutions. A PAS-AMWRICAS COXQRKSS. The next congress of American re publics will meet in the capital of Brazil and it Is announced that It will be attended by Secretary Root. It Is stated that the unprecedented step which the secretary of state has de termined on In leaving the United States on a diplomatic erraud Is the first defi nite marking of the Institution of a for eign policy so far as the republics of this hemisphere are coucerned. It is understood that what Mr. Root will en deavor to do lu connection with the con gress of republics la to creute a better conception of the Monroe doctrine and a fuller recognition of the obligations which the doctrine entails upon the Latin-American republics, as well as the protection which It gives them. It Is said that the secretary of state has formulated a definite, comprehensive policy to work out which has the full support of the president. Its central idea is that the obligations are mutual between the protecting nation and the nations protected under the Monroe doc trine. It is undoubtedly desirable that the southern republics be given a better understanding than they now seem gen erally to have respecting the nature of that doctrine, as now Interpreted. Ap parently most of the republics take the view that while they are assured of pro tection against foreign aggression, there is no obligation resting upon them to ' conduct themselves and to so regard their duties towards foreign nations as to avoid conflicts mat may render necessary invoking the Monroe doctrine. There have been numerous Instances indicating this to be the view of some of the southern republics. Pres ident Roosevelt has on several occasions pointed out that there are mutual obli gations; that while the United States assures protection to the sister republics against any foreign aggression that should threaten their territory or the maintenance of their political Institu tions, It at the same time expects them to so act toward foreign nations as not to provoke aggression. It is manifestly of the greatest Im portance that this should be clearly and fully understood. It will be conducive to better relations between the United States and the other American republics If the latter shall learn that the protec tion accorded by the Monroe doctrine does not give them license to disregard all International obligations and conduct themselves In a way to Incite hostility on the part of foreign nations. They should understand that they owe con sideration to the protecting republic and must not willfully aud wantonly involve It In trouble with other countries. Our government will steadfastly adhere to the principle declared more than eighty years ago and which Is practically recog nized by all the nations. That is a fea ture of the policy of the United States which Is as firmly adhered to today as at any time since President Monroe an nounced It. Its Interpretation may have undergone some change. Perhaps Its scope has been somewhat widened. But Its vital nature remains. While thus adhering to the doctrine the United States bat a right to expect that those countries to which it applies will do nothing to abuse the assurance of protec- tion which the doctrine gives them. Secretary Knot will do a great service to all Uie American republics If he shall le able to give them n lettcr and fuller understanding of the Monroe doctrine and their obligations In respect to It. He will also do a great service to his own country If he shall be able to re move the suspicion and distrust that is entertained toward our government by nearly all of the Latin-Americans. A VMTKO DKLKV ATIUX- According to Washington dispatches, Senator Millard has voluntarily pledged himself to support a railroad rate bill In keeping with the president's well known views. In taking this position Senator Millard will simply voice the overwhelming sentlmeut of his con stituentsthe people of Nebraska. While Senator Millard's friendly rela tions to the railroads are an open secret. It is his paramount duty to represent the people of this commonwealth, and especially the rank and file of the re publican party that has unequivocally endorsed President Roosevelt's rate reg ulation policy. To have antagonized the president would not only have been a fatal political blunder for Senator Mil lard, but a betrayal of the trust reposed In him by his constituents, and would, j moreover, have placed the senator in an . embarrassing position, in view of the I fact that all the other memlers of the Nebraska delegation in congress have publicly declared themselves In favor of President Roosevelt's policy. Now that the senator has taken his position side by side with his colleagues, Nebraska can maintain cordial relations with the administration at all points and its congressional delegation should be able to command favors that are ac corded to the most friendly states rep resented at the national capital. I a- J ItOlAh PBEROOA T1YK LY COLUUADO The supreme court of Colorado has exercised the royal prerogative by im posing a tine of $1,000 upon Senator Patterson for constructive contempt, committed by tho publication of car toons construed by the court us libelous reflections upon Its integrity aud dignity. The exercise of the royal prerogative that enables judges to accuse, try, con demn aud punish real or imaginary re flections upon their dignity or integrity committed at long range and out of their immediate presence is a relic of medieval, mouarchical absolutism, fla grantly at variance with the spirit of our free institutions. In our day even emperors and kings do not try and pun ish men accused of lese majeste. The fact that there are only twelve such cases of record since the founda tion of this government in all of the supreme courts of the United States affords striking proof that this mode of upholding the honor of high courts against assaults At the hands of pub licists is repugnapt to the sense of jus tice of tho greatbody of Jurists who have presided orr the most exalted tribunals In the land since the adoption of the federal constitution. The arbitrary exercise of the royal prerogative was never contemplated by the framer8 of the organic laws of the stntes, which In every Instance include a bill of rights that guarantees for every man accused of crime the right to be tried by a jury of his peers, even where the crime Is the most heinous. Judges are no more entitled to avenge their own wrongs than the humblest citizen lu the land. If they are libeled by auy publisher, the courts are open to them Just as they are to governors, to law makers and even to the president. The exhibit of campaign contributions made by the democratic state commit tee, as filed in the sworn statement of the treasurer, is also interesting more from the names that are omitted than from those that are Included. Tho Hon. William Jennings Bryan was not ouly prevented by his trip around the world from participating lu the campaign as usual as rear platform orator, but he forgot to leave behind him his custom ary check to help satisfy the financial demands upon the committee. The only democratic congressman of the last Ne braska delegation also neglected to re spond, as did practically all the patriots, with two or tbreo exceptions, who were formerly connected with public salaries by grace of the fusion movement. Plainly republics are not the only ones that are proverbially ungrateful. Attention- is called to the table on another page giving the list of county officers chosen throughout Nebraska at the last election for terms commencing with 1900, with the names of the county seats from which county government is administered. This Information should prove not only Interesting but highly valuable to all classes of readers who may have business to transact with county officers in different parts of the state; to owners of taxable property, to real estate dealers, to lawyers, to Insur ance men, to business men generally. Those who are likely to have use for such a table are advised to cut It out and preserve It for couvenleut reference. The municipal governments of Omaha aud South Omaha are cramped and crippled by overlaps because the rail roads have refused to pay their taxes for the last two years on assessments that are ridiculously below the true value of their properties. And yet these corporations are constantly asking Omaha and South Omaha for more do nations of the public streets and high ways. Will these corporation managers ever kuow when they are well treated? I I ! - . The action of the Nebraska railroads In enjoining the collection of their 1005 taxes la even lest excusable than their Injunction to prevent the collection of 1114 taxes The only explanation is that their tax bureaucrats believe that by starving out the treasuries of the differ ent counties they can harass them into making some sort of a compromise. The chances are, however, that they will overshoot the nmrk and harass the other taxpayers just enough to bring down upon the railroads radical legisla tion, not only iu tax matters, but also iu other directions, In which there would otherwise be a more lenient pub lic sentiment. No applicant for a liquor license who has advertised his notices of application In The Bee since the Slocumb law went into effect nearly twenty-tire years ago has ercr been refused a license because of defective publication, and four-fifths of the licenses granted have 1hh;u Issued Upon publication in The Bee alone, the applicants refusing to come down to the demands of the holdup newspaper pub lishers. Liquor dealers and druggists who want to comply with the law should be conversant with these facts and gov ern themselves accordingly.' Chicago Is clamoring for an under ground trolley iu the downtown dis trict, which is now being served half and half one-half overhead trolley and the other half overground horse power. Chicago has tho most abominable street railway systenl In all America. There Is something sardonic in the fact that certain of the "graft" pay ments of New York life Insurance com panies were charged to the "water" ac count; and Oniuha, looking at its do nothing water board, can appreciate the Joke. From Frying- Pnn to Fire. ChiraKO Tribune, lyftwson declares that he has secured con trol of most of the big life Insurance com panies, but the policy holders do not seem to be particularly elated. Punishment Flta the Crime. Philadelphia Record. A. Dogberry in Nebraska has fined a lad $50 for rolling up a cigarette on the street. The evidence of wicked design on the part of the youth was unmistakable. Lay of the Saae of Tama. Chicago News. Secretary Wilson seizes upon this time when the fickle public Is lauding the turkey to direct attention to the fact that the American hen is the real bulwark of our Institutions. Snuffed Out. Springfield Republican. The president lias caused it to be known that all attempts to compromise the rail road rate Ibsub through bills which provide for government control only in appearance will not have his approval. This settles the fate ot the Koruker bill, and indeed Is aimed particularly at this measure. The result is to throw the ranks of the rail road senators into some confusion. Farmers Onto Their Job. Portland Oregonlan. Farmers know their own business when it conies to working hours. They know that no farm can be made to pay its taxes and make its owner a living on the elght-hour-a-day schedule. Hence the resolution passed unanimously by tha National Orange Patrons of Husbandry, declaring it la "every- man'i'-lrps- r aa many hours aa ho will! for pay; that energy, trlft and activity f re entitled to encourage ment, and should command rightful corn compensation for services rendered." Drawing the Long Bow. Chicago Chronicle. Concluding his annual report, the secre tary of agriculture remarks that "we are still at the threshold of agricultural de velopment and the educational work which has led to such grand results has only been extended as yet to a portion of our agricultural population." It is natural for one to magnify his office, and Secre tarv Wilson may justly be proud of his official record. Put after all we may aa well recognize the strong probability that only a small part of our wonderful agri cultural development Is duo to the efforts of tho agricultural department In V asli lngton. KOTABI.K. DECISIO TAXATION. Federnl Supreme" toort I-y Hole for Taxlnsr Authorities. Chicago Record-Herald. Borne months ago we directed attention to two decisions of the federal supreme court holding, tn effect, that states may tax corporate property within their Juris diction ven If the owners are domiciled elsewhere and conduct their business under a charter conferred by another soy- Last week the fame tribunal decided, in a Kentucky case, that states cannot tax corporate property where it Is not situated or used, though the owners be subject to their several Jurisdictions. Obviously this conclusion la tha converse of the former hut in view of the earnestness with which the Kentucky supreme court had contended for the proposition mai " .1,11. nf nerinnal nrnnertV is the domicile of the owner," a proposition It alleged to be firmly established tn law, the federal court considered the issue with equal ear nestness. The question presented, in a few words, was this: Is a corporation organised under tha laws of a state subject to trillion therein upon that part of Us tangible property which is permanently located In other atatea and used there in the prose cution of Its business? Expressly distinguishing between tangtb'e and intangible personalty, the fuderal su preme court answer the question In the negative. It holds that the domicile of the owner is not always and necessarily tho situs of his or its personal property. The adoption of the sweeping principle upheld by the Kentmky Judiciary, It says, "would Involve possibilities of an extremely se rious character." It continues, by way of illustration: "Not only would It author! the taxation of furniture and other property kept at country houses in other states, or even In foreign countries, of stocks of goods and merchandise kept at branch establishmente when already taxed at the state of their situs, but of that enormous mass of per sonal property belonging to railways and other corporations which might be taxed in tha state where they ara Incorporated, though their charter contemplated the con atructton and operation of roada wholly outside the state, and sometimes across the continent, and when in no other particular they are aubject to Its laws and entitled to Its protection." Perhaps the Kentucky lda was to dis courage the practice of incorporating com panies In one state for the purpose of doing business elsewhere, but the supreme court, while admitting that this practice Is of very doubtful propriety, points out that ita lagallty has long been recognized and that legislation alone can furnish remedies for the evils growing out of it The decision la extremely important theoretically as -.ell as practically. It will prevent double uxatlyn iu many cases. ROID AtlOlT NEW YORK. Ripples on the Current nf Life In the Metropolis. Because a man bears an Irish name It does not follow that he Is a son or grand son of the "ould sod." Although the leal article has enough troubles of his own, he is credited with many troubles provoked or perpetrated by persons sailing under false names. Take, for instance, tho recent crimes committed at the meeting of tho Paul Kelly association In New York. The name Kelly smnrks of the turf, yet the bearer of It In this Instance is an Italian born. And nearly all the men concerned in that shooting are Italians, but all give Irish names. "One would think," says the correspondent of the Flttsburg Dis patch, referring to the case, "that all tho thugs of New York were Irishmen, to read the names of defendants. This Is a race libel familiar enough to the knowing ones, but the general public may not know about tt. It Is the same with prlxe fighters. Not half the scrappers who assume Irish names are really the goods. Even the Jews adopt tho 'O's' and the 'Macs' to give terror to their pretentions. A good Irishman Is always a terror in a fight, but he does not, aa a rule, fight for money. There Is a compliment Implied In the gen eral use of Irish names for fighting pur poses, but honest Irishmen do not approve of the practice." At the Manhatten end of Brooklyn bridge there Is a saloon which averages a sale of ninety barrels of beer a day. It is probably the greatest suds parlor In the world. The yearly profits are $75,000. These facts are stated preliminary to the more Important one that the saloon is soon to vanish. The city needs the room for an extension to the terminal facilities. Prob ably no other saloon In Now York does so big a business as Andy Horn's. It la really a hotel, but not one customer In a thousand guesses that. In hot, dry weather It Is no uncommon thing for 3.000 thirsty souls to cross its threshold during the day parched and anxious going In, moist and joyous going out. On a mild, sunshiny, mellow day, with Just a hint of autumn coolness In the air, not more than seventy-flvo barrels of beer are sold, but on a scorching day In August more than 100 barrels float across the bar in schoon ers, sohoppens, selclels, steins, shells, stan gels and promlnentes. Laslilns of whisky, too, are consumed on the premises every day. And at least four cases of champagne are sold every twenty-four hours. The total draught of moist joy sold at Andy Horn's every day is enough to float a steam yacht of six tons' displacement. A visitor from a small town in Michigan paid a visit to the New York city hall. "Where's the elevator?" he asked of an attendant in the main corridor. "Haven't any." "What! No elevator tn the New York city hall?" "No, sir " "Well, you fellows belter take In your horns. We have two of them In our city hall, and it ain't half as big as this one. Why don't you get a move on? Talk to me about New York!" In its treatment of Mrs. Molly Combes the Long Island railroad has disproved the old saying that "corporations have no souls." Early tn the summer Mrs. Combes' husbana was killed while em ployed as a brakeman. Doubting her ability to care for herself, Mrs. Corpbes made application to the railroad com pany for employment. Bhe Informed the officers ot the company that It was not her Intention to bring suit against them for damages, but sheimerely asked for em ployment, j Though she had tyid no experience, she was given some clerical work, but owing to her recent shock, coupled with her in experience, she soon began to show tho strain upon her nerves, and it was at once decided that she was endeavoring to do too much. The railroad officials decided to send a typewriter to her home, and, with the aid of an instruction book and an occasional visit from one of the office typewriters, she soon learned to operate the machine. Now she is employed In tho long Island City office, copying the many deeds for real estato growing out of the company's purchases in Queens borough and Brooklyn. It Is proposed after the first of the year to give ber a course In stenography. If the proper progress Is made, she will be made a member ot the office staff. Ever since she started to work the com pany has paid her W a month, and she has nothing but praise for the company. Two elderly country women were sight seeing In New York and found themselves on Fifth avenue. The old ladles had heard of the public automobiles that take visit ors on sight-seeing trips through tho park, so they accosted a young man in an auto mobile coat about to climb into a large motor car standing at the entrnnce. They expressed their desire to make the trip through the park and proceeded to climb Into the machine. The young man looked somewhat surprised, but politely helped his passengers Into the car, got tn himself and took them for a spin. When they asked what was tho fare, he replied gravely: "Ten cents each," which they paid. Just then an acquaintance of theirs came up and was Informed as to their auto ride. "And do you know who the young man was?" asked he. The old ladies did not know. "Well. It was young Mr. Vander- bllt." he said, with a chuckle. "Is that so? Well, he Is a very nice young man," said ona of the stranters. RAILROAD ADVERTISING. Publicity aa a Promoter of Hualneva Proves Ita Worth. New York Times. The announcement of the Intention of the New York Central railroad manaac ment to appoint George E. Daniels general advertlblng manager of the New York Central lines, a newly created position, draws attention to tho extensive use of advertising by the railroads as a means of Increasing their business. The New York Central has for a long time used various forms of advertising, and has spent a considerable sum annually In the publi cation of railroad literature intended to increase the number of railroad patrons. Recently the Southern Pacific made a spe cial appropriation of tMO.COO for the pur pose of drawing the public's' attention to the advantages and attractions of the Pa cific coast. Very few of ,the railroads report separately t'lelr expenses for advertising, though the large sums reported by many of the systems as unclassified Items under general expenses doubtlessly represent largely tha cost of securing the attention of the public through advertising. The Atchison. Topeka ft Santa Fe, among Its general expenses, includes an Item headed advertising, etc. Last year the expenditures under this Item amounted to riM.821, compared with 1S.5.'J the previous year. In addition to the advertising done in tha public prints many of the railroads throughout the country Issue pamphlets and magazines intended aa advertising mat ter. Railroad time tables are alto made the medium of advertising the special advantages claimed by each system. At tention baa frequently been called to the different polity in thla respect adopted by railroads In Europe, which charge tor much of the printed Information which. In this country, is distributed free, and in a form that attract the attention of tiavelvis. ROOSEVELT'S ISSUE AND RAILROAD WAGES By J. M. Mason. No. It. A handful of Iron ore when converted Into a watcli spring represents 1 per cent of material and 99 per cent of labor. The price of a box of wild strawberries repre sents 99 per cent of material and 1 per cent of labor. A railroad charge, like the price of a watch spring, represents 99 per cent of industry nnd I per cent of capital. An economist may figure out the per centage of railroad revenue which should go to labor and tho percentage which should go to the capital which was furnished. But the trouble Is that money, collected to pay labor, Is misappropriated and used to pay interest on capital which was not furnished. The Era Magailne for August pointed out that railroad revenue is at present appor tioned approximately as follows: Twenty seven per cent of it goes to pay 11 per cent Interest on capital actually furnished, 43 per cent to l.ROO.OOO employes, 28 per cent to supplies, material and Improvements, and 3 per cent to taxes. The public Is very willing to Increase railroad revenue provided the increase goes to labor, supplies. Improvements and taxes, but the publio Is not willing to Increase revenue If the Increase is to go to Increasing Interest on fictitious capitalisation. My communication printed yesterday re ferred to the president's reply to a com mittee professing to represent railroad em ployes. The president took occasion to make It known that he was not as yet In timidated by railroad effort to manufacture a spurious and counterfeit publio opinion. The truth Is that the public men, now pos ing as oracles and opposing railroad regu lation, are not only thoroughly mistrusted by the rank and file, but are universally laughed at. . The president's popularity Is increasing in freometrlral progression as he demands a square deal and exhibits courage to force an Issue with those demanding a crooked deal. It Is the duty of every citizen suffi ciently intelligent to appreciate the value of honeBt government to do all he can to edu cate the masses to comprehend that all trouble grows out of the effort, by tha henchmen of eastern water holders, to in crease dividends on railroad water. Tho west will presently wake up to the fact that it is being milked to pay IHoaal Interest on eastern held railroad water. The western rank and file will presently wako up to tho fact that many Influential newspapers suppress such Information as would educate the people on this subject, and that railroad Influence Induces em ployes to oppose legislation which would be most beneficial to them. In this connection It should be carerully remembered that many millions of railroad revenue Is ex pended to hire men of extraordinary legal talent, who are crafty and resourceful be yond description, to give undivided time to misleading voters' Into electing politicians who betray them. If the west wakes, the lid will be taken off of railroad politics as it has been taken off of life insurance management. HARSH WAR OX CIGARETTES. Nebraska. Law a Specimen of Illoalral Lealslatlon. New York Times. One Patrick Raymond was recently ar rested in Lincoln, Neb., while lighting a cigarette which he had Just rolled for his own solaccment. The cigarette was rolled and lighted In the presence of a detective, and Patrick was at once haled to a con venient court. There he was fined 50 and costs, the lightest penalty prescribed by Nebraska law for "manufacturing ciga rettes" In the state. We cannot even pro tend that we actually believe this story, but It Is a 'pleasant one to toy with, and, by doing so long enough, in exactly the right spirit, one can pump up a very agree able feeling of Indignation over the present possibilities in the way of Interference with the natural rights of free-born American citizens. There Is, we suppose, a consid erable basis of fact for tha widely held theory that the excessive use of cigarettes is harmful to adults, and any use at all of them is seriously injurious to boys. That this Is a justification, or even an excuse, for the passage of antl-clgarctte laws of a very rigorous nature Is a conclusion of the most Illogical sort, but it Is a conclusion of the sort highly popular with a large frac tion of our population, and of a fraction, too, that Is characterized by the best of Intentions, though quite destitute of the ability to see that compulsion Is the poorest of arguments, or that reaction is always equal to action, in morals as In mechanics. Such are the dear ladies who frightened congress Into abolishing the "canteen" at army posts, and thereby filled with delight the hearts and with wealth the pockets of several hundred keepers of dive groggerles. Aa for cigarettes, they are so often a symptom rather than a cause, when to su perficial observers they seem to be doing deadly harm, that one is tempted almost to say that they do no harm at all. To re gret that any attempts are made to restrict their consumption by law Is probably the part of enlightened virtue. PERSONAL, NOTES. There will be a notable gathering of au thors at the dinner to be given by George Harvey to celebrate the seventieth birthday of Mark Twain at Dehnonico'a on Decem ber 5. The cabmen at the railway stations In Chicago may go o far as to offer travelers their cards hereafter, but they must not address strangers any more unless properly Introduced. Democratic Oovernor-clect Pattlson of Ohio and his wife are strict Methodists and will permit no dancing at tho Inaugural reception In Columbus. Nothing of an al coholic nature will be furnished for the guests to drink. A letter from Edward VII, then the merry prince of Wales, to Mrs. Ingtry sold recently at a New Yerk auction for $25. Tha modest price Is perhaps accounted for by the fact that it wasn't the kind of a letter that the king would have anxiously taken the trouble to bid in for himself. John O. Clark, cashkeeper of the Bank of California, San Francisco, will retire from office on the first of next month, after ex actly fifty years of honorable service with the institution named. The bank was or ganized December I, ISM, but was not known by its present name until the sum mer of 1861. Mr. Clark was born in Delhi, N. Y., tn 1S33, and want with his parente to California eighteen years later. Mr. Seddon, the premier of New Zealand, announced In a speech recently that Japa nese would not be allowed to come ts New Zealand and that the colony would refuse to be dlctattd to In the matter. Thla Is In reference to a circular from the British colonial office addressed to tha colonies and demanding the repeal of laws that ara re. pugnant to the feelings of nations wfth which Great Britain is at peace. Mayor Franklin P. Btoy, who baa juat been re-elected unanimously to serve his fifth term aa chief executive of Atlantic City, N. J., holds the world's record, so far as known, for attending tha greatest number ot banquets and making the great est number of publio addresses In the course of a year. During the last t reive months be has been either presiding officer or chief guest at mora than 700 banquets, making speeches at all of them. I.- the yiar to coma Mayor Btoy expacu to bt at tne reioio. RAtt.ROtD KMPI.OTF.S ASD R KTt Misapprehension of the President Policy Fostered by Corporation. New York Tribune. The fears of rate legislation which been fostered among the railway empl .. who presented their protest to the pn.,. dent seem to have been founded on n 1 utter misapprehension of what Is picpns.-.i It Is a misapprehension which some of the railroad managers and their 'pp agents are doing their best to create. hi: 1 It Is not surprising that the workmen should have fallen Into tt. The objection c,.., jured up against moderate rale leglsis'Mn ara largely panicky and based on an it SKgernted notion of the esoteric wls.l of railroad freight agents. Nobody wai t to upset the railroad business or hurt !'). railroads, and nobody proposes any tne 1 nut-., remotely threatening such a result, rim evils for which a remedy Is sought m. not high rates, but unequal rates, ti i argument that any government regulation must tend toward a lower level of rntr la a pure assumption. It may be as rlani. bly argued that by cutting off discrimina tions concerning which the railroads them selves profess to be helpless la the hands of rapacious shippers the average level of rates, earning power and wage fuml nf railroads would be raised. Tha president's views of rate tiiaklna. as recently outlined by 8enator Knox in a speech at Pittsburg, contemplate nothing remotely threatening these Imaginary dan gers. We may pass over possible legisla tion against private car abuses and srerrt rebates, which would merely strengthen the machinery for securing equality noir required by law. The president, according to Mr. Knox, believes that the Interstate Commerce commission should have powt after hearing on a complaint, to fix a reasonable rate and enforce tt unless or until reversed by the courts. The rillrnnds would make their rates as they do now The commission would have no Initiative It would not act on Its own knowledge, but Judiciously, after hearing what tho com plainants and the railroad had to s. The court performs a similar functlnn now. It may declare a specific rate un reasonable, and by a long process of exflu sion of one unreasonable rate after an other force a reasonable rate, but it enn not affirmatively fix and enforce a reason able rate and so make its authority im mediately effective. The plea that the railroads should be subject to no review In this matter la met by the fact that they are now subject to the courts, only the operation of litigation Is so slow as to amount to a denial of justice to shippers. Prompt relief Is needed from a competent body. It Is said that the commission can not be trusted with such a power. But even railroad managers must see that that plea Is rather ridiculous. It would tax credulity to declare that these commis sioners of long experience and of und's puted Impartiality were less competent to fix a fair rate, even In the first Instance, than some youth recently out of college who may be pitchforked Into the Job of rata making by a father or an uncle In control of a road. When It Is remembered that the commission would only review a controverted rate and. with all the facts marshalled by both sides before it, say whether it was Just or not, subject to ulti mate correction by the supreme court, the plea becomes absurd. As well say that men of similar capacity on the bench are in competent to determine tho merits of an Involved and technical account, 1 or try a ease turning on scientific matters trans cending their original knowledge. Such a power as Is proposed would merely furnish a means to secure promptly decisions which can be obtained now, but only after delays which are oppressive. SMILING LINES. "A thirst for liquor," said the , mgralisu "has made many a man poor." H "Well" replied Jigley, "turn about, you itnow. Poverty gives many a man a thirst for liquor. "-Philadelphia JAecord. V,m!le ,ph!ld everything she fancied until she took sick of acute indigestion and died. "What comfort." exclaimed tha bereaved parents, "now that she Is gons. to recall that we never denied her anythlng." Brooklyn Life. "Joslah." asked Mrs. Chugwater. "how do they work these voting machines?" They use one of the cranks that are al waya hanplng around the polling place." explained Mr. Chugwater with some lrr ta tion. Chicago Tribune. -IJ'W,ha,i Ju ,marry niy daughter?" thun dered old Roxley. "You? a mere clerk-" rieil0,Kfr, ruP1'cd 'ou,,a Hunter, "not a . .rk:but a Kcntlcman now. I resigned mv -thSl,.Tm,''nt. our daughter accepted me." Philadelphia Press. "Why are people so eager for fame?" Because answered Senator tJorghum. In the majority of Instancea fame Is one ?f t.tiemot, Profitable forms of advertis ing. Washington Star, v JCT.iat nlsht school)-What do we know of the so-called canals on Mars? r.n8KyHalrt?, PuP'l-Theyre military canals. Everything on Mars Is run by the war department. Chicago Tribune. "Why," nsktd the senior partner. "hse you marked this mahogany table down?" , iLca,u"e' ..A- P'111" the Junior member Dispatch scratched up. "-Columbus nHa 0U hal enou?h to ast?" said tl.e ,w m,an' who htt4 invited the tramp Into the dining room. add that this is the first tlnra In mv life ihM,.i i?r.na? 'bare meai at a round table! Detroit Free press. BAD AND THE BABY. Houston Post. I've never been quite too busy To go for a romp with you Through the forest of Transformation; In the Island of Hullabaloo; Once there I'm a horse to ride on, ,.Im a booger-bear to affright, I m the whole menagerie, all In one, Contrived for a buliy'a delight. I'm an "ellunt" and a "hlppossum," And a camel and a zebra, too: I'm n " ' u L ik,. , . . , 1 1 . . - ... ,,,ab (WISH MIKJ WriKK" ' A lid Vltru-I. An. I 1.11 . . T 1 1.. r . . ' 'm uuiivii uuu; 1 m a horae and my loose susnendera Are lines you can drive me by; I m a tossing ship on the ocean, Where the waves lash mountain high. I'm a ship on the tossing ocean, And you are my captain bold; And I toss and roll beneath you. But my ears they are strong to hold-, And you laugh as the breakers grumbla. And you fear no dire mishap Aa your laugh drowns out the tempest. And your glad voice calls "Dlddap." I'm glad I'm not too busy At any old time of day To get on the floor and tumble, And grumble and srowl and play; To Just put aside my paper And romp when you want me to. Through tha forest of Transformation To the Island of Hullabaloo. I'm glad I'm not too busy. Nor tired, nor glum, you wis. To stop when you steal beside nie With your lips held up to kiss; I am glad I am not too tusy To romp till your heart Is glad; I am glad that the Lord plckad me out. Dear baby, to be your dad. olumot lo rf act In quality. Mo4rt In prie. EMung Poudor