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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 25, 1906, Image 28

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I
KAWASAKI ;
Tester of fencing
in. Tokio College,
on a tour of the
UJorld to intro -duce
the Japa
nese method of
Sword Combat .
A NUT Kit new fad has com to
New York Japanese fencing. If
you hear a claih of armor and '
cling of steel aa you saunter
tnrough the brown atone districts
uptown It a wealthy young men '
taking lesson. In palace taoles
ami studio whera the famous twu!
handed awords to the aamurtl are at
work. The weapon always has been de-
scribe! us formidable In the hand-s of an
expert. Tha word "samurai ' meirs knlht,
and for three thousand years he has beenj
the idal swordsman of Japan always I
using the terrible two handed blade of his,
fa tiiers. i
A descendant of the Illustrious band of
home defenJers Is now In this country,
teach. ng fencing. Taiewakl Kawaaul Is
his name, and he was Instructor of
fencing In Tokio College, Japan. Among
his various weapons are thirty or foriy bl
awords now used by proficient pup! a,
young Edward H. Harrlman anung them.
Accompanying photographs show the
ponderous character of the double handed
Japanese sword, und the serious buslnef
of handling It contrasts vividly with the
I ght and airy piay of rapiers In the bunds
of European experts.
Here Is what Kanaskl has to aay of the
Japanese an "ken j:isu." It Is called:
"Fencing Is the outward and spiritual
sign of our national spirit. The ordinary
word Is about two feet fle Inch's
long, b-it all lengths are used The (Id
time warrior handled a weapon as long as
six feet. Tiie blade Is about an Inch wide
with an Iruti backing on which a face of
steel Is forged.
"The entire life of professional swords
men was f ur:ni ny devoted to warlike ex
erciser. Thtse men no. un;y formed a
c'.ass, of themselves, but had many rights
and privileges, which were maintained at
the point uf the sword.
"Every samurai hud 10 undergo a thor
ough nnd rigorous course In fencing. It!
was Ida sole education. And ao, from Kin-'
eratln to generation, the science devel-'
oped until It became marvellous as an ex-1
hlb.tton of dexterity und science. I
"Here ia the du'ieictu e Iritween Japanese!
ami European ,iencing. i i.e. Japanese
sword Is grasped with two haAda. While
fencing It may be transferred from one
.'.and 10 the other. From time to time the
fencer makes a sort of Jump, to change his
position the position of his fen, the left
fojl tailing back, the right foot advancing
or vice versa.
"Tin rapid change Is a marked feature!
of our fencing. As in the American sys
tem of boxing, the Japanese fencer is in a
c intlnuiu ttate of motion. CJre.t agiihy and
Ireairth are demanued. The Japanese
:.avo not only great muscle power In their
legs, but they can use it In a Way prubibly
.11. known In other lands."
.Mr. Kawaskl said a vital feature in Japa
nese !e. icing Is to develop bravery Intlml
o.Uin,; ;.ie opponent. Sometimes It in nos.
.rignten nun at the outset and
i josU,' t
X'- m ' V i
many other things, often accomplishing ! manshlp which still remains was of great
wonders In the way of Intimidating thelservloe to u. in the recent war with Iiu
adversary. If he shows no fear, then the'ala. The use of the two-handed sword,
fencer should assume an attitude of of-(proved a decided advantage over one
fence. Ti-e s-.vord mut be held with thi i handei swordsmanship. It was found to be1
right hand cloce to the guard, the left j far better In attack and defence, especially
hand lightly urasplng the end of the against cavalry, pears an! bayonets. In
'grip.' The third and fourth fingers of Japanese naval and military schools ottl-i
both hands are used fT holding the sword, icers are thoroughly trained in two-h.inJed
the first and second fingers being useJ to fencing. The length of the sword handle
control or direct the blow. ! has been changed to eight Inches, so that,
"Thla Is quite different from the Euro-'the sword may be wielded with one or two
pean style, where the thumb Is used to hands.
!-
.U.tf
;:ius Injure defeat bufors the contis: has
really btuii.
Confide ct Nectsstry..
"CunllJence la of first Importance In fenc
ing. Even in a European bout a clever
man tekks first to discover the slate of his
sei-VWs''' . .'
i - mm,, : wH
3CSk K V -WXvS SWT. I I U v.. J
' , ' ' I jrg''it'n'ir""" l'""MI'''M"iit''''"l"r","IM i III lsE33v
: . f &7 tm . ! ? 1 1
aMjBHaXMSBBsjBBBBjSaBBnsBBaBBBaaaBBaaKSBBaaa
ill' ,v?sl
sword the movement Is much shorter than! lean lde:is that prevail, pomethir.B of the
for the one-handed stroke, and consequent-: rjcoule nnl thnir ni. iit ,i , i i, ,
k V... 1.1..... 1.. ....(..!.. ....1 t-
nir ui j in iiiii.ii i.iiL ivi i mm miu i - liere nu
points are Important ln!jna
irjJMIfflsisieTJ'mgl
froiti a standpoint of ef
student, tio! a classical course:
school near KoclicstT and am f:imll-
effectlve. These
viewing the art
fectlveness and sure result.
"The European style of feteins; as prae
tlse.l In New York Is. if rr.urso vn.irt
enonirh In Ittt wv. hn! one .TMtinn-A vm. apfrat FU.'CCSJ.
tern Is entirely dlT.-rent and we claim far v 1 ",iKnl !,,lso "ay a! 1 am f7!ar '
uuivitbii iriRHIK, ll.lVlllf; LIUU1PU 1111.
"ar with American characteristics and thei
capacity of young men for knowledge undj
i ney iaae 10 Japanese fencing with .
Ideas.
more effective. It has been brought to a
high state of perfection among us, for we
ire an old eople and have loved sword
I' ay for more than three thousand years,
I "I would ask European fencers why.
I iwo hands, they u.-e uie sword
ha v
with 1'lghist art In fendtiK Is mental hs well us u would be a good thing If Japanese f. nc
oppo..ent s.mlnd and then to work upon ,T .' " ,."'" '"e m"riU "er
hi. t..r ii.. .1.. a ....... . trained military men of old Japan
Whl.u;e a gy tune In tiine on the Vld of L t:,, l,ole vocation of the I only one hand. They may answer that i l'"Vlcal culture. In Ji. ,,,n out long years
battVe 1 make a HLfoui UUuitm kI'i;f',1S' 1,111 llhln ,,w lh( llle ''nl,bll', ,hera " h-Ji"-:'"!.!' "I .ly "I ,tralnlng are not devoted to phy-
in fenciw dangerous opponent of Western civlllialion have prevailed, and from the adversary, le.ivln,; onlv the other loil developi, . tit alon-, but to iducating
"In f..;n.,to,i m.,nn ,kn . ''t',,ntl' Juuu abol shed the feudal sys-(si J to be defended. I thinl' this Is easl y the mind, for It Is a mini's ab'l.ty-a ui.es-
ttTt.ilu T.i.i .V- . , 7i .1 1,1,1 ?u piuniutlej the carrying ,of Jhe answered by our success with our system tl.m of having mental control of himself-
- ...... ..,.., c luu u t!le ,lse ,lf ,hi.
, .v. ,.,r j.iinm.,0 knnwieige of swcrls- s.vlnsl'iS for h strok
amero Negroni, and
thorlty on the subject. I know that In Ht
Lrfiula I taught durhig the whole Exposi
tion an.l A.. I.... ... 1
so we might to nave develop something our art of t.ucing. They master new
worth talking about in all these centuries. , ldeas wlth eaae , ,aun, E ivivy N. el.
"What is most needed In America tj ,on of a banker. In three months so th.t
mhle an ordinary man to nasler the he could .lefeur rhe Kunmean r.no...
th erclsed, both arms, both sides of the chest,
e;' every muscle of the chest, hlus. legs and
i can speak with au- fe, ln a worJ. jauanese fencing calls
Into play the entire body and system of
muscles calling upon a man to exercise
his bodily strength besides keeping his
mental faculties alert.
"There is no reason why any one, man
or woman, boy or girl, shoulu not be
able to defend himself and punish the
)
d sword. In thU makes h'm supreme In fencing.
wit'i the t .vo-h i:?d d "I think 1 know mum thing of the Ainer-
i .'tick or cine to school or iiis;rii:-iion witn ine suppui i ui
matter of fact the! men of wealth und eminence."
T
' ... I
n.Nhl or ine great expenses wntcn our
ijvernm.nl hu. tu meet Is the sum
Viilcn is expended annually for the
maintenance of the lighthouses along
Sime five thousand miles of coast line, of
this amount nearly half a million Is re
quired to purchase the supplies for light
houses, luAl.ouu for repairs and t-kri.Uuu for
the maintenance of lighthouse vessels. The,
United Slates has now about fourteen liun-,
drej liglitiiou&es and fog signal keepers,
and as each man's pay is fixed by law ut
not less than fuu per year a little multi
plication will show us that a sum of about !
&2&.(KX) Is required yearly for thU service
alone. Congress has been fairly liberal in
the matter of appropriations. Another
heavy expense has been th Installation '
of modem llgnts to take the p'.acn of the.
antiquated illuminating apparatus.
The Ughthouse Board has under Its ca'e
more than nine thousand "aids to navlj -
tlon" of one kind or another, Including
lights, beacons or signals, which are opi -rated
by steam or hot air. More than a
third of the number are designed to give
warning at night, it requires an army of
four thousand men and a fleet of fifty ves
sels to niilntain thU giant Illuminating
system, but the lights Hash out along thu
sltores in the dusk of evening with as
mj-h regularity as though they war op.-ra-d
by clockwork.
i'ae old fasnioneJ towers of brick ar.d
it i.le are being changed to th rteel tub i
ir -ti u. tures of great strength se ure y
bolted to the ro-jlts. Many of th 11-h -Ii
. situated in damce ous ocatiuiia
h? finally be-n r- ared n their hasar J i is
i i afier years of dogged r,htlng on the
r - cf the sea bu IJrs with wind and
w:vs an I ltd and l.-e t a.-k. Th reports
n 'aa workmen who ha.e rear'd thes
'I at t .'Win upon s.ibme-ged found itlons
h -i t!e waves swept them at Interva a
o - ii s ih-nerk'e I rooks In mldocn read
lllt romance-. Hundreds of mn lose thir
Uvis 'ii this most haiardous un!rtaklng;
a- ti nes they hav seen th work of years
awept away In a single night or have bee l
couponed to llv on om bleak rock, cat
off from all communication wl to ti. or.d.
it. tn-h st a lime.
it is to no means excepuoan ior u
goveruniettt to pay mo. t.iati IIS.iku tor
l'.ghth.ius -s, i ni some of th triumphs of
eim'nVer n r s il have cot n t les taan
4ii.i 0. 'the elactrtcal apparatus of en
e sts a nftn of the lira, tile by sad
with tne vndetvor to b.lld beacons where
It ttas been sappoked Impo utile lo Hud
rtsdng place t r ihem 1- 'he ambaion
to fum.sa :b.-M towrS' with I ghls uf
jtUclsut v" lt4" uvr
Cost of Our Lighthouses. Picturesque Llama Trains of Bolivia. Kite Flying as a Science.
greater wastes of water than ever be.
loie. i liere are now In exlsiinoe on
ih; e-jjat of the I'nitcd Sti.es a nu i.b r
if Ig.ittKiuses of more f.iaii in.- lunJ..U
thuand candle power. The Imrudtic
llon of a greatly improved lens which
concentrates the rays has been Impor
tant in bringing the lighthouses to
liieir present ataie of perfection. AnotJir
liinovsllon is tlte revj.v nj of the lighting
apiMraiUM. Hy this pi in the mariner,
wherever ha may be, will see Mashis of
light separated by Intervals of daiknesa,
but by this means a more i-oAcrful lig.tl
Is secured than would otherwls be the
cose, and there is none of tli objection
raised ag nst giving d.ffernt colon to
different lights by reason of tu gr.at loss
o light entailed when 'a;. ass acaaeas are
interposed ln front, of the light.
Th Important work of Indicating his
whereabouts to the mariner bus been
undertaken by th lighthouse otllclali.
Hundreds of bearons whlcu Hash white,
then red. Indicate to the perplexed mar ner
by meatis of ttie older of succession or
th r duration his exact whereabouts.
With glasses of only two hues au endltss
number of combinations may be devUed.
Uut I'ncle Sam's ottlcials liave a better
scheme than this, and It Is nothing less
than a plan to have each sign of flame
dot out Its message to the mariners by
moans uf beam uf light, Just as a tele
graph instrument clicks out 'the words,
ilvery senKUi, even though he be color
band, is able to count up to ten.'and Willi
our great seaboard lumps opeiaied on
I'd new system all that he wall have to
d is to count the number of flashes
lyC-owm toward him, note the duration of
fae total e.-lipse which follows and con
sult the key or code which he carries., and
he may be as sure of his position as though
the ta.'t wer chalked on a signboard b -fore
his eyes.
T1IH
UK most picturesque mode of trans- a foothold. Hut If he Is overloaded he Is! twenty-five to thirty llamas Is well-to-do,
mi la.iou in llio world Is doubtless that quick to resent 11, and no amount of beat-1 and Is an imlepen .eat transportation com
f : lie llama trains which one can inir or nn;m.!,,n a. Ill male I. ho rUo to his nine I i h n If. II s rates are hxod Ly I
"in rrom the car windows ln a Journey feet and continue his Journey except the custom as old as lh tra-ie Itself aud never
across the Andes. Though t iie railway has I removal of t he excess. change.
0-en completed for several years the pack I v. , . .. .
trains of burros still cm........ s-im it r,.rl No othr animal can endure th rare-
tho transportation of the muural producU!'led 'T-u-iPhore of the he:ght of xn , HYGIENE AT HIGH ALTITUDE, j of air. and a strong breeze is made up of
from the Interior and the carrvimr back iA"dc"- ven the burros hav .Uta In their little breezes, niovlag at dirt'ei enK speeds
of merchandise of all sorts from England. or have ou'" 5,ul,c"eJ tniougn . -r ia an t.rrur t th.i.k that the chemical
u.iiue aitu liermany The burro trail ujujiuoihuu u. ...c a., u.i.e.a
shorten the distance nearly a hundred ' u,'tal"0- When a horse Is first brought j I wherever tho simple may be taken. The
for tne sure-tooted little aii nuls lm aiiuudd blood unps irom , reiallon or oxy gc 11,40 niirogen anu otuei
HEN a kite was down without tails
a new era was openeu ior 11 unu me
kite ceased to be a mere toy. 1 he
beuavior of a kite ln the air proves
tor oi.u Hung that many of our precon
ceived Ideas of wind are wrong. There
are verticil aa well as horizontal strata
1 llllies.
and In different directions, 'i'liese facts,
wliioli a kite's movements in the uir dis
close, account largely for the soaring und
flylnii tKiwers of birds, who make 111-
r able to climb mountains that are iiii-i''1 ear" a,ul 1,04"rli"- ulul lt l1' h';" ; constituents is t.'to same whether it be oiijtincClve use of every wind, soaring
im
passable for railway trains.
..lahi wrimi .r T 7h ,.' lr.g he lets the pack linger, someumesj fori 1 micruoes are aounuanu in me air or nanJ or gtt.am wlndlass or r)(rUK a(1.
little mreania btaidn them '"" the animal ih of Ui gia.iei iiu- h.,.
long time to become accllmaled. Mulesiliie heights of the Alps or at the surface warj on Ui)Ward ulr currents and Hying
Th irrinr.,. 1,. ... .. ..are more enduring and the burros better 01 the sea. ine favorable errects, mere- atainst the main currents of the wind on
burro trains are usuailv L- J.m.'J. 1 II uul ""-tua is native there and fore, of a change of air are not to be ex-U breeze flowing against the general drift,
their tiitlre famll es -r.feJr i'vi , . . . ' thrive accordingly. The keep of the llama. I1 lined by any difference In the propor- Jt ha Deen founi, ltla, k, contaln-
ln coming and going ac oss the J kstm VCv"u tno T!eros nothing, and he obtains "ons of Its gaseous Constituents. The lm-, ,eventy .quare f t of supportlag aur-
11 nlters nol to ll.iin how 1. . ? 1 nls fd alo" over the por,au J'7ercnfe ''acterioloulca! , faoe w, extrt a yu,, of f,.lm Blxty t uML.
"p. .H oa th" journey 1 e anima i .r! ltrU' Uk lb ca''- h n llv ,ur ,Th" a l" "1Ut,Udr" " nu hundred pounds. A big kite of Ihis kind
the cap, a of ,1 Lrr'tero mJ T n. f time without food or water. When microbes and Is In fact, sterile while nearcannot be niail!lBed by h.ulJ, but the wire
. vttllttl 01 lnu urncro .uul Ine desert,.. . ........ thw vraiiiiil and some hundred feet ahover . t. ,. .. ...... .1.1
:s his home. Ills wif h.a.. v,i.r. ... ,iiuu in arrieros comes 10 a kooo. 011 01 ij-;,. : : , .1. T..::.j. .v . . musi ue oarneu up noi a muuudi
them, and at i l.l, oi : i Ti,;. Ii. ! tht puck llne.r. ium.mi Ior! "r.l. : . " T." lanj or steam windlass or reeling a,,
i.,n,.ru,s ,i, 11. .1 v... ... ... an hour or two. or ii rauy be for several I ;1 . . . . 7. .T....: . ... . - - "Iparatus. The steel wire einployed 111 the
beasts, ihough the
ice forms In the little mreania beside them
Viiey are often overtaken by snowstorms 'orl,"c.
in the rno.iiitiilns. but thiy do not s.cm to The ajinual circus parade has made ui L, hydr0gen ad certain hydnx-arboiis In r ,'t "he k its is made
u(Ter from ithe cold and are rarely known faiu.llar with lh llama, but few huvtne cUliy , p;ne ., ,j , fl n, ,h rl it It tl
10 pensn from it. 1 lie Isoutb American ' noticed how ryallv stalely and aigninea w.-.h ,,,. Ir Is to ti.o i,.iis i ,,.,..i,..a
bundles all his blankets about his head and iey re. They hold their small "" doubtless consltln of traces of essential anJ' 1IU)th'r k,e is fastened to the ring
keeps his feet cool. The North Amei h un ' proudly and their necks are most graceful, 0,u that th(j Mllv, effects of ''''i-- ,,v a' shorter cord As the kite rise the
ke-pa his foot warm aud exposes his head;Oul their hif charm l.e In their eye. taln heal;h resorts are traced. Thus the . unwound from the reel, and when
und arms. The children who ure too sn:..ll ; wlUoh ale large and lustrous, though ir.el- ioa!lty of m Hr for.,t u sa d to give relief ., ..' . .., horlzjn becomes small
In walk, soinetln.es little o.iei Iwo or,"'ftioly aid questloiiliig. I nelr ea.s are ,n dlsea 0f the resplrat ry traits. 1'ut an,(,nJ kit u attauhe 1 to iflve gr.-iter
three day of age, rid." on th donkey s s.nti ely and are set to catch t.ie siignLsi tneae tra,.ea of esantial .41s and aromatic trtlnK power and o oii nnt 1 th reoul ed
wnen their parents are driving the traJn. . sound. Wiien fri,;lu ned in. scatter in ail ,,r ,Jaet mlut ,. .und. M: l. i'y sj.enk- tievst.on Is reached. A pause Is made at the
Ihey ar bom by the wayside, like the directions, and lieu cornered th.y cluster . ,ml,lir:i;r 9,m.e they ar Hppal- ai,,tude lo allow Ine recording in-
ninb. of the Hock, and there 1. little .nor. u Kroup, wnh t.i.ir tu Is to-t,.er and Mtly . ,e.MJry con.tlIUlt , f the r. 1?. to acquire tT. ounda lun of" the
fuss made with the one than the other. T ie '"cr heads oat to mel t. inea.y. riulr ,,,rIll analysis has shown that these aurrouIl,lln alr ,hB htie ht of the uieleoro-
hrst y.srs of their lives are spent In the weapon of dcieu.e is a siran.e one. aud it Uudiea tend to dlsap;x-ar in the air as a grh Is oalcuLiled and then the steam
...... -" me uurro, wnere ' ru .jiuj. wii.... !... i hiKiier altitude Is reaenej, until my dia- ..mi i 1,1 u.irk t.i wind in tiie kite.
busilon or coal, accrue also. , . .,,...., , th.. .M.,. breuklne: of
several investigators nave round traces 4,..i,a .hr-. hundred isaunds. In this ex
fast witn
01111 wire lo me ring at tne euu 01 m
j No one who has nor" seen an African
! "kopje" can easily realize It. It is not a
.h'.ll so much as the stump of a hill what
'is left of It after ages of denudation -tout
the special feature of 11 la that it is al
most Invariably covered with a breastwork
of bowlders. Tropical torrents hav
ashtd awzy th earih and all the solu.de
cambiums of the rock, and whit is left
consists of heap and line of detached
masses of t JiiJ'.on, Ironstone or granite.
Thss "kopjts" ar the Boeis' foruficattoin.
and they hav any uutnb. of luuu.
tn-y roll among the cooking uienell and Uud- with coiisid. r.iole foice. lf a drop a,,,jear altoitether. lt would seem, there- ln tilia way several hundred records have
blanket and surplus clothing. Sometime '-ll on tliu ear or ihe eye or a.iy pan uf fore ,nit m,,.robt.Si hydrocarbons, and en-;,, taken. The kites have frequently as-j
...ejr - in a nonciio on ine "- """i " -" - - tliies other than oxygen and n.trogen. and cended to' a helgut of more than twelve;
--er. back Jproduc a painful IrrilaUoii and dai.g. rous rua, Wl, smlllJ a:, add argon, ar. only tilou,alld ft and at one time they.
The pack trains mak the l,iur,..v tr sores. The drivers have a curious way of i.ii,i ... 1 1, i,.. i,i,,,rhii.ui nt human .u.. i....... n. . ...1
iiiiiiii.iui - I f-ttt I ilo W4 V iiuii wa aa ivvu l iiuuduiim
the eeiport on the west coast of South keeping them together by throwing vol. llduatI-y animal life and damp vegeta- tKel or mur, than three miles above ihel
America to the basin lying between in.-!0' f"P over their head, ao thai tne book , , .
j The amateur does not need such expeus-i
leached In kite photography so that it II
I possible to send up a ca i.cra mid take a
'jili'ture of any particular building or ub-J-vt
with but a small chance of failure,
tine enthusiast has arranged a contrivance
for taking complete views of the Horizon.
Eight or more -cameras are arranged back
to back on a circular platform, sent huh
Into the air with kites, and alt llic shutt. r'a
mapped simultaneously by pulling a str.ug
below. Many successful panoramic view
of large cities have be. n taken with kite
llnv.11 from tne I iu .if high buildings, ln
photographs taken ill inulair buildings and
scenes upbear lu'LM nearer than they
r.-al.y are, .11, 1 il.eie is often a curious
inlr-.ige effect wl.ic.i is Invis.hle from the
ground which makeo the landscape look a
though rising up Into the sky.
1. 1. is have been put to many Ingenious
' u.'es in connection with sports. To keep
I iitiidg.s from rlslnit and living from
c iver where lt I wished to keen them
for shooting II lia been found that tl.a
or, Is will not rise witn kites no.tring
lover their heads, doubtless because they
fe ir nttsck.
Another interesting use of the kite Is
air line fishing Tne ledvantiie of fish
ing (ruin a kite Is that tiie llslinm in may
stand on shore while, his bait is ,lio;i;ed
far out at sea; als that t mid fisli ar
easily scared by s. eiiiK tiie lilies or ti at
near when the 1 Id method is used ior
tills sport strung kites are fiowu, the string
carrying a strong pulley, through winch
the Hsh line runs 'in,, hi 1 of the Os 1 I'm
Is held by tie fish, roian on shore; th
other, which is vt titled, drops front the
pulley lis the ascent is made and d:ps int
t.ne 1 At the moment when the fisli
snaps at the bait Hnd Is hooked the ruih
p'iiviii feels the pull on h i line, and th
kite is quickly h i ilcd ln ana the fish la
n -i'e'1 i Ht t 'i.. "i-ne rim-.. A- -r
Is ptsi tlcally no limit to the alzei ef kite
which will fly well the Mure surely hoi Is
Foriie interesting ixperuneir In many
lines where tho kite miv he utll'zel
range of the Audea In from twenty to'"' "u serves a a hitching posi for lit
nuriy uuys. . au ma ic.viur which In ul"ur- . . . . ... ... . ,., to do some very Interesting
termer days w. r. aeen 01, Lake Titlcarii! When they beoom exciU.1 ach on. run. An A n' Va-eiich man t a Uer- work. He may become hi own weather
were carried Piece by piece ui, backs of, in a d.r.e.enl dJi.clio... The kid afford a Vi: . a,"
llamas and put together on their arrival lexclleiit food and ure rale., by in, arrle-; nun -. . j. A"?leHca eat. lii clouds; he , nay tell the approach of mou
lt was th same with the m .otiin.ry wn.c, ros. Tney alway. go in pack, and will fol- K""1 n Lear tie re ichm. s7 nu by ati.chi.w I.ed.-n Jar. to his,
"hsed ill this' ' " fM" ''-I' low. leader whii.h i. usually apet animal Pounds of 'kU. Itrings? he may draw L.htn,,, from
-ATburde. Jhli-h the lia-.,. , h f . ' . i W ul Kussiari 6i pound. Of the cl ...ds. p.oto.riph In mi lu.r. alg. al
TV u"ri1'" ,nlth l" ' will ca-ry ribbons. The arriero or his w::.- goes -S r-ul, .....,.- consumes ten pound, with flags, or send off fireworks from au
m"ke.nno Thence" of"" ," - ''- .nd the Wcl; rnT.n" Tie, "oft where the effect produced Is,
t sn he" . l" "erryf ir r T'nnlUrZXl piTunds! the Spaniard pounds, tne ital- worth the labor Involved. j
whar. OJ other b..t of burden iTuldrtn5k.pt Ik ito u A. .to. , ir?n U UM1 aDlt ! A Mtm ut fr'llo l"d' Ul
The rare that the watches of railway
men receive Is shown In the regulat'on.
recently adopted by. a Western railway
for Its employes. Seventeen Jewellel
watches lire requlrej. and they niusl be
oiipiilied wlih Jlraguet hairsprings. The
watches must be inspected every thre
months and must be submitted to the in
spector once a week for registration No
employe Is perm tlel to el his watch or
to change its movement, unless It suoald
chauc to run down,
use of the sword for feiuiiij. practice ha
been abolished In Jayan. Kor a time we
used hard wooden swords in our t .u 1 1 1 . 1 1 it.
Even then so ninny bones were urokc.i
that now the government uses only a
splintered bamboo, which makes much
noise and seems formidable, but does 110
harm. A nitin with a few weeks' instruc
tion could protect himself, iigainsl tne
most vicious thug or professional bruiser
who might attack him by day or night by
fnir A-i.m tilt..!. I.. at i..i..t a...i 1.. un iirtMiwiwr. in esse ..f 1. sii.ldeii attack in a. usin! oiilv a dtu'k or cane.
military schools even In ord.nary schools lonely place, especially at night, no mat. "1 merely make these suggestion for
Imply as a means of defence ter how strong or ag.le tiie assailant may what they are worth and have no per-
"European fencing exercises only one be. isoniil interest to guln. as 1 am about sall-
,.f l..,,lu i,,..uucu ru.,.....u ... .'ill hnl ..no reon res with kilowledee I tin for I'.llUl.lnil. where I am to open a
quires a man to exert every pait of li s of Japanese fencing
anatomy. All the muscles are evenly ix- repel the atta.'k. As

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