Newspaper Page Text
The Omaha "Daily Bee
VOL. XXXVI-NO. 20. I OMAHA, WEDNESDAY MOHNINO, JULY 11, 1906-TEN TAC.ES. SINGLE COPY TIUIEE CENTS, r J i, 'Vs. A I 1 v mV "V e 1 X r. ft u ', MUTINY IN TAMBOV I Cavalry Betrim'ent Presents Series of Political and Seme Demand. SHARP FIGHT WITH THE LOYAL TROOPS Attempt to Arrest Mutineers in Barracks Results in Many Deaths. ADMIRAL ROJESTVENSKY IS ACQUITTED Russian Officer Held Not Guilt j Surrendering- Hit Fleet. of FOUR OFFICERS CONVICTED OF OFFENSE Condemned to Death, bat Emperor Will Be Asked to Modify Senteaeu tei Dlinliul from Survlse. TAMBOV. Central Russia, July .-(. V layed In Transmisslon.)-A mutiny follow, v... ..... ....- k,u- ., amnna v.-1 ivuv UQOiiun w " , the troops forming the garrison here, due to an attempt of the military authorities to arrest and disarm the Seventh reserve cavalry who "struck." presenting a series if politics! and service demands. Taking advantage of a great, religious procession today the authorities sent the regiment lo escort the orwceslonlsts and preserve order and attempted, in the absence of the bulk of the regiment to arrest the men remain, lug in barracks and stationed at the rail way station. The regiment, on hearing of this action left the procession and galloped to the rescue of their comrades, firing as they rode. They cut their way through other troops to the barracks where they barricaded themselves and beat off repealed attacks of the loyal troops. Bhota could till be heard at midnight. The detachment of the Seventh at the railway station cut the telegraph and semaphore wires and is holding out there. An officer of the railroad corps and the commanding officer and a sergeant of the Seventh cavalry are reported to have been killed, while many were wounded. The procession broke up In a panic and as this dispatch Is filed the population is In a state of terror. ST. PETERSBURG, July 10.-Some addi tional details of the mutiny of the Seventh cavalry at Tambov show that both the Infantry and the Cossacks sent to subdue the mutineers refused to fire on them, the Infantry bayoneting the officers who gave the command. Only a detachment of dragoons, who. It Is said, had been plied with liquor, attacked the mutineers. The officers of the Seventh fired on their own men. The number of killed or wounded has not been established. Rojestvensky Is Acquitted. CRONSTADT. July 10.-Admlral Rojest vensky, whose trial on the charge of sur rendering to the enemy after the battle of , , the Be - of Japan began before a court martial here July 4. wis acquitted today , after the court had deliberated for nearly ten hours. Four officers of the torpedo boat de '.Yaooyec -JSedovl, w be were placed on .trial with the admiral, were found guilty of having preineditetely surrendered the Hedovl and alt four were condemned to death by shooting, but on account of ex tenuating circumstances the emperor will be requested to commute the sentences of tbe four officers to dismissal from the service and deprive certain rights. The full report of the Cronstadt court martial shows that Admiral Rojestvensky was acqultetd on tht ground that he was not In his full senses and therefore was not accountable for what transpired at the lime of the surrender. Some of the officers who were tried with Rojestvensky were acquitted, their guilt not being proven. The recommendations for mercy In the case of Csptaln De . Colongue. chief of Itojestvensky's staff; Captain BaranofT of the torpedo boat destroyer Bedovl, Fllll powsky and Leoncloff, who were found ' guilty and sentenced to be shot, were In accordance with regulations and based on the physical and mental demoralization produced on the long voyage and shock of the disaster in battle. They were also credited with a desire to save the life of R" Jest vensky. . . Unma Meets la Afteraooa. - AT. PETERSBURG. July 10.-The lower house of Parliament has abandoned Its morning sessions. Hereafter the house will sit from S to 7 o'clock in the evening, M. Komlssaroff, the official In charge of the press on which the Black Hundred's proclamations wore printed in the office of the chief of police, has been dismissed. Interior Minister Stolypln Is endeavoring to din-over the source from which the money for which such publications was ob tained. Mllukofr for Premier. Prof. Paul M. Mllukoff appears, from conversations which the Associated Treas has had with leading members of Parlia ment, the man on whom the constitutional democrats are uniting for premier in the event of a successful Issue of the negotia tions for the' formation of a constitutional democratic ministry. Prof. Motiromteseff, president of the lower houne of Parliament, and Ivan Prtrunkevitch, the legal authority among the members of the house, also are mentioned, but they are regarded with less favor, the latter on account of emperor Nicholas' personal feeling agalim the too plain spokrn Tver semstvolst, and Prof. Mournmtarff because It Is felt he is needed In lili present place. The choice of Prof. Mlluffnff is also Inspired by the desire to place a man who was excluded from Parlia- tnent on a technicality triumphantly at the ! head Of the government. ! "From a Staff Correspondent) M. Naboukoff, tiie leader of the constitu- I WASHINGTON, July 10. -(Special Tele tional democrats In Parliament, was most I ST )-Nebraska postmasters appointed: outsrnken in favor of Prof. Milukoff. d-! Clemen. Cheyenne county. John Kleeman. rlHiing that he was the most sensible and J vlc E- Rl- resigned: Stevens. Frontier cleverest headed statesman the party could county, Mortimer M. Burdlck. vice E. B. produce, and in every way fitted to as- Austin, resigned. sume the responsibilities of th premi. r.-hlp . j Rural carriers appointed: Iowa. Saint M. Naboukoff intimated that the constitu- tional democrats would lay no claim to lite portfolios of war. navy and foreign affairs, which he regarded as within the imperial prerogative, but like every constitutional democrat with whom the tAsaoclated Tress talked, he Insisted that no cabinet with a bureaucratic head was admissible. DsratT Kstate Sacked. YARF.NSK. Russia, July 10,-The estate near this town of M. Durnovo, forn.ar minister of the Interior, haa been com pletely destroyed by rebellious peasants. To have accepted such conditions, ths constitutional democrats declare, would hare mad tbem guilty of treason, entirely destroy d their prestige In the country and have only angered Instead of tran quillslng the people. The constitutional democrats Intend to stand by tbetr guns and believe ths government must shortly accept their terms. The Reich, organ of, gConUnued. oa Second Page ) MM FACTORIES ARE UNCLEAN Great Drltuln Discovers Conditions Comparable with Those of Chicago racking; Honti. LONDON. July 10. Britishers who have been so virtuous recently over the Chicago meat packing- revelations were today con fronted with the annual report of the In spector of factories and work shops, which shows that the conditions here are quite as revolting as anything alleged of the western packing center. Dirty factories and disgusting methods seems to be the rule instead of the exception. Jam fac tories, bakeries anil sausage makers are all censured as being equally filthy and the description of one fits most of the others. Here is the report on a typical Jam fac tory: The boiling room lay between the yard and the stable and the horses reached the latter through the boiling room. The sanitary accommodation was hardly sepa rated from the rooms where the fresh fruit and uncovered Jam were kept and the floors were dirty and undralned. Another factory Inspector found Jam pots being washed In "liquid like dark soup, which smelled abominably." The manager Informed the Inspector that the water was . . . . 4 1, W hnn -nangra aooui one- . " . " IT. , . ,7, A when were allowed to stand until dry. when '"yrwere considered to be ready to re- ' Inatatlmanta f preserves J. -tT of bakeries found that it was a II t custom to Datne ine cnuoren In the. er the -lose of work on Satur days, a e fatuity's weekly collection of dirty t. g was sorted in the bakeries for dispatx. y the laundry. The sausa.,e factories, says the report, are mostly owned by Germans and are small, dilapidated, badly lit and are often Infested by rats." BRYAN IS GUEST OF PREMIER Nebraska! and Wife Alao Enter- talned at Dinner by Colonel C. J. Bills. LONDON. July lO.-YVIlllam J. Bryan lunched with Premier Campbell-Bannerman today at the latter's official residence In Downing street. Lord Chancellor Lore burn and Secretary of India Merlcy were among those present'. Mr. and Mrs. Bryan have temporarily abandoned their planned continental tour and have decided to remain in Great Britain until after the conference of the Interparliamentary union, which will open here July 22. They will spend some time In Scotland, leaving London July 15. In vitations have been pournlng in on Mr. Bryan and he and Mrs. Bryan are kept busy keeping engagements. They were en tertained at dinner by Colonel C. J. Bills of Nebraska this evening and will leave London tomorrow to spend the day at the country place of" Mr. and Mrs. Moreton Frewen. In Sussex, stopping while on their way there to lunch with Mrs. George Corn-wallle-Weet. They will return here July 12. In time for a luncheon which Ambas sador Whltelaw Reld and Mrs. Reld are to give them at Dorchester house before going to the House of Commons to hear War Secretary HaJdane speak on army re form. Secretary Rldgley Carter of the American-embassy "id Mr. Cotter Ulgva1 luncheon July IS In honor of Mr. and Mrs. Bryan and Mr. HaJdane will give them a dinner the same evening, the afternoon being spent In the House of Commons, where the navy budget will be Introduced. Lord Chancellor Loreburn will close a week of entertalnmenta with a dinner to Mr. Bryan. PRESIDENT GUARANTEES MEAT British Grocers Told I'ulted States Stands for Parity of Kew Pack. SHEFFIELD. England, July 10. The Grocers' federation, Whose annual confer ence is proceeding here, has received a communication from Ambassador Whltelaw Reld Inclosing a message from President Roosevelt as follows! You sre at liberty to Inform the Grocers' federation that under the new law we can and will guarantee the fitness In all re spects of tinned meats bearing the govern ment Btsmp. If any trouble arises there with, protest can at once be made not merely to the sellers of the goods, but to the United Ststes government itself. The secretary of the federation stated that President Roosevelt's message was In reply to one sent him on behalf of the federation, saying trade was almost para lysed, that dealers must be assured of the wholesome character of tinned soods or otherwise they Would have to stop stocking up with American brands. The speaker hoped the publication of the president's message would lead to a revival of trade. He said the loss to members of the federa tion In the canned meat trade had been very heavy. The federation adopted a resolution t nan king President ftoosevelt. There was only one vote In dissent, that of J. F. Steel of Bolton, who thought that the president might have gone about the matter more carefully and considered that it was all a political move to steal Bryan's thunder against the trusts. Drastic resolutions were referred to committees, one of which pledged the grocers not to stock with American canned meats until the packers have initiated an Inspection system guar anteeing the wholesonieness of their out put. WESTERN MATTERS AT CAPITAL rkriks Postmasters, Raral Car rlera and Mall Clerks Appointed. Ansgar, rouie i ricrnen w. nowiand carrier; Frank Burroughs, substitute. South Dakota, Tripp, route 4, Charley P. Rath, carrier; Ellen H. Rath, substitute. Arthur J. Kiiea, Omaha; J. E. Downing, Grtsham: J. B. Butler. Lincoln; O. O. Win field. Tliuyer; W. G. lllff, Fairfield, Neb., have been appointed railway mail clerks. HARTJE CASEJS CONTINUED Experts ea Behalf of Plaintiff Given Onnatrtanlty to Eaamlaa Al leged Forgeries. PITTSHURG. July lO.-The Hartje di vorce suit, which wss to have been re sumed todsy, wss continued until Thurs day at the request of the counsel for the plaintiff in order to give the handwriting experts opportunity to examine ths alleged letters written by Mrs. Hartje to Thomas Mad Ins, the coachman who Is named as corespondent. FUTURE OF RUSSIAN PEOPLE French Historian in Touch with Situation Discusses Outlook., CONDITION ONE OF ACTUAL REVOLUTION Liberals Desire to Save Throne from the Wreck, hot This May Kot Re Pos sible. PARIS. July 10. Anatole Iroy-Beaulieu, director of the institute of France and the foremost French authority on Russians af fairs, whose history of Russia Is recog nised as being one of the most accurate records of the political affairs of that em pire received the correspondent of the As sociated Press at his country seat near Versailles where he devoted an houf to discussing the gravity of Russia's present condition and the outlook for the future. M. Letoy-Beaulleu makes frequent visits to Russia, the last only a few weeks ago, for the purpose of personally observing the first Russian election. When asked to sum up his recent observation he said: It should be understood that the Rus sian situation is one of actual revolution. It is no crisis which can be measured by days, weeks or months but Is a vast and complete transition, resembling that of the French revolution. When I s:iy revolution I do not mi an that the monarchy In certain to be overthrown although it Is possible that this may follow. The greater part of the leaders of the coiiMtitutionHl democracy desire to save the throne from wreck, but they recognize that they are not masters of the future. If the government dors not sHiiefy the nations demand, catastrophes of the gravt;ft nature ate ahead for Russia. Personally I think that the overthrow of the throne would bo a great disaster for that would mean anarchy and prob ably civil war. Arbitrary Antocracj Doomed. M. leroy-Beaulieu was asked if the preservation of the throne meant a con tinuation of the autocracy. "By no means," he replied. "On the con. trary, arbitrary autocracy is doomed. All the present monarchy can save at the best Is power within constitutional or well de fined limits. The emperor has good In tentions, but he knows very little of his own country outside of the limits of the palaces. He is always hesitating, is him self terrified by the example of the French revolution and does not wish to have the same end as Louis XIV. although he for gets that Charles I of England arrived at a similar end by another route. Perhaps it is already too late to save the dynasty from going down with the autocracy, but the emperor might atay the storm by per mitting the formation of a ministry repre senting Parliament, which represents the people. He has already lost much time and tha feeling of discontent Is contin ually Increasing." , M. Leroy-Beaulleu then discussed the agrarian and other leading questions. "The land," he said. " Is the most difficult ques tion, owing to the Intense feeling among ths peasants. The government recoils be fore the enormous cost of part, or total expropriation of the ancient estates, yet unless the emperor satisfies the expecta tions of the peasants he will transform them Into an opposition element and" per haps Into revolutionists." . Status of Jewish People. When questioned concerning the Jewish question he spoke of his observations dur ing his recent travels In Kussla, where he was struck with the tenacity with which the Jews demanded the same civil and political rights as Christians. "There are 8,000.000 Jews in Russia," he said, "and If so many of them are found among the revolutionists the . reason is to be found in the exceptional laws to which they are compelled to submit The Jews thus become Irreconcilable adversaries of the government, which obstinately re fuses them the rights accorded to other people In the country. Thus the reac tionists count on the Jews and this is why the police incite brutalities against the Jews, like those at Blalystok. Even if the ministers are not directly responsible, tho local police organize these butcheries, which proceed under the benevolent silence of the administration. When I visited Russia plans for uprisings against the Jews were everywhere announced and the subsequent action merely realised what I fully anticipated. The sole means to end the uprisings and bring about the with drawal of the Jemlsh masses from the rev olutionary propaganda Is to accord them equality before the law. The Russian Parliament demands this, but the govern ment hesitates, persisting in considering the Jews to be the principal organisers of the revolution." Elections la State of Siege. Continuing M. Leroy-Beaulleu described the scenes he witnessed during the elec tions In Russia when he visited three typ ical interior cities, Ixidz. Warsaw and Czenstokowa. Iods he compared with Chi cago, owing to the rapidity of Its growth and energy of the people. He said: "The elections proceeded In a state of siege. All the election bureaus in Polnnd were guarded by troops snd often Cos sacks were stationed at the doors. I have even heard the Cossacks' whips falling on the backs of electors at Ixk!i, but that did not prevent the people from returning opposition members to Parliament. It Is no ticeable that there are twelve Jewish mem bers In the lower house, Including those of Moscow the Pittsburg of Russia. One of the Jewish leaders of Moscow has elo quently defended the project for a division of the lands among the peasants, showing that there Is no ground to expect that the Jews will prove a disrupting element among the constitutional democracy." Results Through Growth. In conclusion M. Leroy-Beaulleu said: It Is difficult to forsee the final results of such a vast upheaval, but I expects re sults to come about through slow processes. The results of your American revolution were realised quickly liecauite vour people were prepared but the people of Russia are far different. I am inclined to believe that this revolution will continue In various stages of Intensity for ten and perhaps twenty years, owing to the magnitude of tiie questions Involved and the dangers along the way. For the present the em peror's choice of a liberal ministry ap pears to be the best means of averting a revolution with the possible consequences of .he overthrow of the dynasty. MOB ATTACKS D0G"""cATCHERS Hundred 3egre.es Attark St. Luula Cruw and One Maa Is Seriously Injured. ST. IH'IS. Mo., July 10. An Infuriated mob of a hundred negroes attacked a crew of city dog catchers on Lucas avenue to dsy, brandishing clubs and knives, and Andrew Betsold. a dog catcher, was stab bed and slashed in the back, suffering dangerous wounds. The dog catchers were after an unlicensed dog when suddenly the negroes swsrmed upon them from the vi cinity. Policemen using clubs vigorously finally rescued tha dog catchers and ar rested tws negroes. PEABODY MAKES STATEMENT President of Mutual Life Issues lire rular Tel Ilea of Good Work Done by Officials. NEW YORK. July 10. Not one of the executive office officers of the Mutual Life Insurance company responsible for the con dition of that company prior to lfM5. re mains In the service. The responsibility of officers has been definitely fixed; measures to insure efficiency In service and economy in administration have been adopted and many other reforms have been effected, according to a letter to the policy holders, which was made public today by President Charles A. Peahody of the com pany. Mr. Peabody's letter, which will be mailed to every holder of a policy in the Mutual, also declares that other reforms are In progress and In contemplation and he believes the reports of the future will be entirely satisfactory to policyholders. He calls attention to a reduction of salaries of officers and employes, and in the expenses of the home office building, effecting a. sav ing of $.")15.000 a year. The economies ef fected in cost of sgeteT management, medi cal examinations anil, .revision work, adver tising, printing and stationery, he says, aggregate another T700fW) a year, making a total saving of more than IS.OOO for each working day. The fevw says that since January 1 of this year the company's funds deposited in banks and loans on collateral have been reduced m .te than 17,60fono by Investment and that Ihe total gain In net Income from all investments during the last six months hnve bent $i,lnftn. After reading the statement made public by President Peabudy tonight, Samuel I'ntermeyer. general cnmisol for the In ternational policyholders committee of the policyholders, and the New York life Insur ance companies, nddrysed a long letter of protest to Mr. Peabo !y in which he said: "We take Issue with you as to every ma terial fact contained In that document." Mr. I'ntcrmeyer further declares that a copy of this protest Is being forwarded lo the superintendent of Insurance, accom panied by' the request, that he forbid "this latest form of diversion of the assets." GENERAL STAFF APPOINTMENTS 1. 1st of Officers Selected by JBoard and Approved by Secretary of War. f WASHINGTON. July 10.-The board of officers for the selection of general staff officers, which met at the War department last Friday, has made the following selec tions, which have been approved by the secretary of war: Colonels Ramsey D. Potts. artillery corps; George S. Anderson, Eighth cav alry. Majors James B. Aleshire. quartermas ter's department, or Carroll A. Devol, quartermaster's department; Eben Swift, Twelfth cavalry. Captains Stephen L. H. Sloeumb, Kighth cavalry; William Chamberlains, artillery corps; Julius A. Penn. Seventh Infantry; Ulysses G. Alexander. Thirteenth infantry; Michael J. Lenihan. Twenty-fifth infantry. Lieutenant Colonel Thaddeus Jones (cav alry). Inspector general's department, and Major M. F. Walta liifantry), military sec retary's department, were selected by a previous board and i be retained. I NVENTORY OFfoXEB ESTATE St. I.oute Brewer Killed la Auto Acci dent Leaves fl ,300.000 In Per sonal Property. ST. IOUIS. Mo., July 10. The Inventory of the estate of William F. Nolker, a wealthy brewer who w:is killed In an auto mobile accident, near Paris. 111., last June, was filed for probate today. . No schedu'e was furnished of the value of real estate, but the personal property amounts to over $1,300,000. The widow of his son. Mrs. Eleanor Nolker, accompanied by Edwin A. Lemp. were out riding In an automobile Inst night when the machine ran over and killed Ernest Shank, an electrician who had Just alighted from a street car on Easton ave nue. Mrs. Nolker. Mr. Lemp and the chauf feur, August Smith, were taken to the po lice station, but after telling their story Mrs. Nolker and Mr. Lemp were permitted to go upon promise to appear at the cor oner's inquest tomorrow. Smith was held pending the Inquest. LEWIS CAN GET' HIS MAIL Fraud Order Heretofore Issued Against St. I.oula Man Is Sus pended by Cortelyuu. WASHINGTON, July 10,-Post master General Cortelyou today suspended his order of July 6. lflcu. to the postmaster of 8t. Louis forbidding the delivery of mail and the payment of money orders to the People's United States bank, its officials and agents, and E. G. Lewis, so far as it affects K. G. Lewis personally. The postmaster general says the opera tions of the bank are understood to be s.t an end and the concern is practically out of existence. This Mispenston. the postmaster con tinues, was upon the clear understanding that the resumption of the use by Mr. Lewis of his name for the purpose of re viving the People's United States bank would be deemed sufficient ground for re voking the order of suspension of today and putting the order of 1906 in all respects again in force. TEN THOUSAND MINERS STRIKE Dispute Oter Waaes Causes Suspen sion of Work In Horklngc Valley District. ATHENS. O.. July 10 Ten thousand min ers In the Hocking valley district struck again today after working less than two weeks under the agreement made at Colum bus In June. The cause of the strike was that the men were paid 36-Vn) of one cent a ton less than the price they were to receive under tne Columbus agreement.. The mat ter waa referred to the sub-district miners' officers, who will take up the matter with the operators. Miners in Hocking and Sun day Creek valleys have been Idle pending a settlement. LADRONES MUST BE TRIED All ' but One ot the Leaders Arc Saw Is Custody. Outlaw MANILA, July 10 Montalon, the' Ladrone leader, surrendered to Colonel Bandholts, assistant chief of constabulary, at Talisay July t snd was removed to Cavils for trial. The capture of Montalon leaves one mors Ladrono leader at large In Luzon. The chief of constabulary. General Allen, haa announced that all outlaws must stand trial. The government has been crltklssd fur out tieaiji- Ueix tilaia, DOUGLAS AFTER ONE PLACE Repablicani Aik for Nomination of Edward Eosewtter Only. DELEGATES-ELECT ORGANIZE FOR BUSINESS Active Work Put I nder Headway Mt lleleaates Held Last Mght. Members of the Douglas county delegation to the republican state convention, chosen at the recent primary, organized for busi ness at a well attended meeting last night, by the election of Hon. Howard 11. Buldrlge as chairman, and the adoption of a reso lution offered by Robert Cowell, providing for the appointment of a steering com mittee "for the purpose of furthering the interests of Edward Rosewater, and doing everything possible to create favorable sen timent for the election of delegates In other counties, whose views accord with ours, and to look after, guard and further the interests of Mr. Rosewater's randidacy In every possible way In the convention." K. 8. Fisher named Mr. Baldrlge as chair man, and the election was by acclamation. The meeting was demonstrative of en thusiasm and encouragement for success In the movement In which all were enlisted. This enthusiasm was manifested by the unanimous adoption of a resolution pro posed by Judge W. A. Foster, as follows: Whereas, the pre-eminent qualifications nnd special fitness of the Hon. U.dward Rosewnter. to represent the great state of Nebraska In the senate of the United States are t:niverHully recognized, and whereas the recent primary election in Douglas county, turning ii'ion his candidacy as the issne. resulted in the choice of this delegation by a decisivo vote, averaging a majority of more than 2 to 1. over the opposing rieh'gHtlnn. 'i herefore. lie it Resolved that we recognize In our elec tion as delegates, a popular mandate for us to exert all our efforts to secure his nomi nation by the convention and subsequent election by the legislature as United States senator and we Invite the co-operation of republicans throughout the state, in the accomplishment of this purpose which will mean so much for Nebraska. The session of the delegation was then resolved Into an animated discussion of ways and tneana for promoting the common object through proselyting work outside of Douglas county. Different members vol unteered to exert their influence in par ticular counties, where they had personal friends and acquaintances. A resolution was passed declaring that no candidate for any state office from Douglas county would be considered by the delegation at any stage of the pro ceedings, but that the sole and only ob ject would be to secure the nomination of Mr. Rosewater for senator. A large ma jority of the delegates elected were present, while most of the absentees sent word, giving reasons for their sbsence and ex press! n gthemselvcs in accord with the pre vailing sentiment. WAGES OF SCHOOL TEACHERS Indiana Man Says They Must Be Higher ur Schools Will Sutler. NEW HAVEN. Conn., July k 10. The American Institute of 'Instruction ' opened its annual convention 'today, with sessions in several departments. In the department of public school finance Calvin N. Kendall, superintendent of schools in Indianapolis, Ind., spoke on the expense, of the education which public schools ought to give, saying in part: Thla expense must he considerably more thun at present, for the following reasons: Fit st 'i he demands upon scnooia ace con stantly Increasing. As an example, the farmers in some sections of the country are demanding that the elements of agri culture shall be taught. Manual training in ita various phases is another example. Second More and more people live in the cities, and schools in cities cost more per capita thun schools Ih .He country. Third The cost of living has greatly in creased In the last ten years. This seri ously affects tho net salaries of teachers. Fourth There are numerous well paid and attractive employment other man teaching for both men and women. Fifth The public can afford to pay more for schools than at present, because the country is protperous, is growing richer and good scnoois contribute as no other force does to tho various kinds of produc tive citizenship. The teacher is the determining factor in the success of schools. We demand teach ers possessing good health, scholarly at tainments, teaching power, social refine ment and the ability to use good Eng lish. So far as schools fall short of teach ers possessing these qualities, so far are they wasteful and so far do they full to accomplish their purpose ths proouction of intelligent, citizenship and sociul elftciency. Excepting New York, Boston, Chicago and Pnlladelphla, the average yearly sala ries of women teachers in the elementary schools waa only tub'. In half of, the cities the average is less man oiv. So far as men are concerned, they have practically disappeared from teaching in the elementary scnoois of cities, owing to the inadequate salaries. ' The wages for women in half the cities are less than those of servant girls, when it is considered that the latter pay noth ing fur board, room and laundry. More over, they have no social position to main tain, as does the teacher, and the require ments of dress are far leas expensive. In many cities the minimum wages of teach ers are less than the lalorers on the streets. This labor Is entirely unskilled, while the teacher has spent years in prep aration. The wages oi skilled labor are from to luO per cent higher than teach- I ers wages. I ne waura ui ic-.-u:i utw . . . i ... a up nrini'f Iv roiimarMi with those In the rural schools. In view of the demands niade upon them, teachers are tnereiore miserably underpaid. It seems incredltable that the pay should be so inadequate for those in whose hands rests the training tor I cltizenHhip. Mr. Kendall deprecated any attempt to systematically organize teachers for higher pay. There should be discussion, however, publicity of the facts and agitation. Teach era should use their efforts ,to secure neces sary legislation which might bring about better conditions. Teachers and educators should realize, however, that the Increased demands schools would mean increased demunds upon the schools for better work. In cressed salaries would mean higher stand ard for teachers. The pubilo should realize ,t- o -it a r Inn for better salaries is not so much a plea for the Interests of teachers as s plea for the interests of the pupils in the public schools. There was no sessions of the institute this afternoon. v OVER A MILLION IMMIGRANTS Italy Sends Ijirsjest Number and All Bring About Twenty Dol lars Each. NEW YORK, July W. More than l.OOO.OfO persons entered the I'nlted 6tates through the Ll'is Island station during the fiscal year ending June 30 last. The exact num ber, was 1.062.064, an Increase of 199,07a as compared with the preceding year.. Of the total 888,543 were aliens, an Increase of 24.564 over the number received at this atstion during the year ending June 90. 19.15. The largest number of Immigrants of one nationality was Stt.n. from Italy. The Hebrews were second with 135,000. A total of mora than II 9.000. ono In casa was brought ia b Ua Immigrants. NEBRASKA WEATHER FORECAST Fair Wednesday and Thursda. Temperature nt Omaha Yesterdayi Hour. lies. . . N . . 7 . . Ti . . T4 . . Trt . . T! . . 2 . . Ml Hour. 1 p. leu. . . HT . . NT . . T . . I . . H! . . KT . . ' . . M . . l ' a. m . A a. m. , T u. m . , N a. m. , n. m . , 10 u. n . , 11 a. m., lit m m . nt . LINDSEY APPOINTS COMMITTEE Men and Women Who Will Oraanlse International Children's Home Soclet y . DENVER. July 10 Names of some of the most prominent persons engaged in philanthropic work in the world Hpprar on the committee announced by Judge Llndsey which will have the task of or ganizing n permanent International eocjty for the protection and betterment of chil dren. At the Chicago meetings held recently on the tall of the national secretary for charity and correction. Judge Llndsey was elected chairman and empowered with ap pointment of the committee. He has Just announced the following appointments: Chicago Miss .lane Addatns. Hon. T. D. Hurlev. Henry Thurston. New York Cliv Rev. William Hyron Forles. Miss Lillian Wnld. Jacob A. Rlls, Luther tl'ilieii Homer Folks. Boston A. K. W'lnship. Louisville-George L. Seohn. Toronto-J. .1. Kelso. Cincinnati Max Si nior. Washington William II. Delacev Philadelphia-Mrs. llnnnnh K. Pelioff Milwaukee-Edward W. Frost. Mrs. Hat tie Yau Wyck. Nashville Mrs. Benton McMillan. Denver Mrs. Sarah Piatt Decker. The committee probably will meet In Chi cago the Hi st week In December and re main in session for a week. ONE CONCERN CONTROLS ICE I. . i Sreretary of KJinana City Company Gives Important Testimony Be fore County Prosecutor. KANSAS CITY. Mo., July 10-In the in vestigation of the Ice manufacturing con cerns of this city which County Prosecutor Kimball Is trying to show is a trust In restraint of trade. Harry L. Burke, secre tary of the People s Ice Storage and Fuel company, testifying today practically ad mitted that his company dictates the price of Ice In this city. Mr. Burke denied that he had authority to make prices for sny other comp: ny. He simply fixed the price for his own company and while he did not know, he said, that all the other rompk, nles promptly made the same price, he had not heard of anybody who had failed to follow his lead. He told how his company sometimes bought Ice for 2 a ton and sold it for 6 without ever seeing the product. Witness said he was unable to tell the' cost of production and declarea that the supply and demand fixes the prices of Ice. i i H. L. Burke, testified that his company contracted for the output of other Ice com panies and that it would be a difficult mat ter fdr these companies to furnish a sup ply to competitors without violating their contracts with. ht company;. in .fact, ha said that ''they Would not dare to do it." RECEPTION FOR LONGWORTHS Ambassador and Mrs. MeCormlrk Receive In Honor of President's Daughter and Husband. PARIS. July 10. Mr. and Mrs. Nlchola Long-worth this evening received the cor dial greetings of a great gathering of members of French and American society people in the course of . Ambassador and Mrs. McCormlck's reception at the Amer ican embassy In their honor. The entertainment at the open air the ater in the Bots de Boulogne tonight, or ganized by Minister of the Colonies and Mme. Leygus, In connection with the visit of King Slsowath of Cambodia, was one of the most festal events of the season. It comprised charming reproductlona of Greek, ancient French and Cambodian dances, carried out by 'he royal Cambo dian dancers belonging to the king's suite, and opeia ballet dancers. King Slsowath waa present In full atate, surrounded by French cabinet ministers, the entire diplomatic corps, Mr. and Mrs. Longworth, Ambassador and Mrs. McCor mlck and leaders of society. PEORIA SCH00LB0ARD FIRED Council Declares All Seats Vacant and Orders Special Election. August 3. PEORIA, III., July 10. The city council of Peoria tonight declared every seat on the Board of School Inspectors vacant and called a special election for August 3 to elect a new board. The action follows on the Judgment In the circuit court ousting the eight holdover members of the board and In effect declaring the method of elec tlon of the eight new members illegal. All members of the board yet In office resigned except President P. B. Mllea, Treasurer W. B. Elliott and Jasies Er.'ing. Building operations on the school s repair work, the spreading of the tax ley upd the signing of the contract with the cJt s i perlntend ;nt-elect. G. T. Smith of M'cline, are held up by the ouster. MURDER IN MINNEAPOLIS Mrs. H. Johnson of Detroit Killed by I'nldentlfled Nil In Her Room In Hotel. MINNKAPOLI9. July 10-Kmployes of the National hotel found the body of a woman believed to lie Mrs. H. Johnson of Detroit In her room today, nearly burned j to a crisp. When found, though yet alive, j she tried lo tell the story of her being assaulted, hut was in such an exhausted Condition that she was hurriedly sent to the hospital and died as the ambulance reached the iuxtltutlop. It in believed she waa attacked while resting In her room, iter fKull had been fractured by a blow from a hammer. The police suspect a man by the name of Wilson from Milwaukee as being implicated In the murder. A eeareh is now being made for him. I Movements of Ocean Vessels July Is). At New Y'ork Arrived : Kaiser W'lllielm II. from Bremen; Mesaha. from Inndon. Sailed: Kaiser Wllhtlm der Qrosse, for Bremen; Slavonla, for Trieste. At Liverpool Arrived: 1'itonia. from New York. Sailed: Saxony, for Boston. At Genoa Arrived : Cretic, from New Yoik ' At Queenstown Arrived: Carmania, from New Yoik At Trieste. July 7 Sailed: Franccm. ! for e w 1 org. At I beriming Arrived: helm, from N-w York. At Antwerp Arrived; New York. At Montreal-Arrived; Ajttwtsy. Kron I'rinz W'll Y'adeiland, from MonUtaO, from BUMPER CORN CROP Condition Eettar Than Last Tear and Much 'Above Ten-Year Aera. INCREASE IN ACREAGE ALSO SHOWN Htwkeje State Hakes Fine Showing;' ia Both Area and Qnalitj. WINTER WHEAT IMFROVES SEVERAL POINTS Averaee is 85, Against 83 One Month Aro and 82.7 a Year Ao. SLIGHT DROP IN SPRING WHEAT Condition la l. per Cent I nder Month Ago, but Alioir La.t Year aad tha Ten-Year Averaar Oats aad ' Potatoes. WASHINGTON. July lO.-The crop re porting board of the bureau of statistics of the Department of Agriculture llt.ds from the reports of the correspondents and agents of the bureau as follows. 1 rcllminary returns show he acieage of orn planted to be about &.&3.0ll acres n n increase of about l.fiiU.uv acres, or 16 per tent, as compared witn tjje estimate of the acreage planted last ycty,. The average condition! of tha growing crop on July I waa as compared with 87.8 on July 1, 190o, Sti.l at tho correspond ing dute in lnot and a ten-year average of M.4. Tho following table shows for each of the states having 1,000,000 acres or upward in corn the acreage compared with that of last year on a percentage basis and the condition on July I of this year with tha respective ten-year July average: Acreage Com- Ten pared With Condition Year Stat-s. Illinois i ear. July 1, laOS. Averaze. 1 DO a8 lei M M U X) M n 77 Mi h Mi K fa m Si DO 1 8 ( KS 91 HA Hi 40 yi m 91 82 u 88 9.1 91 8.1 84 91 81 87 87 87 ' (W 87 8 91 87 79 83 90 8.1 87. t . 86.4 - town lua Nebraska nl Kansas p Texas lug Missouri lno Indiana lot Georgia Ml Kentucky 100 Tennessee k Ohio joi Alabama lie North Carolina .101 Arkansas 11 Mississippi inn Indian Territory .107 Oklahoma Id6 South Carolina ..103 trginla 100 South Dakota ..lo Minnesota 9 Wisconsin 99 Pennsylvania ....loo lyiuii'ana 107 Michigan 102 United States .. .101.6 Winter Wheat In Fine Condition. The average condition of winter wheat on July 1 was 85.6, as compared with 83 lust month, 82.7 on July 1, 1H06, 78.7 at tha corresponding date In 1904 and a ten-year average of 79.4. The following table showa for each of the states having; 1,000,000 acres or upward, in winter wheat, tha condition on July 1 of this car, with ths respective ten-rear average;' July 1, 10-year Statee. 1906. Ave. Kansas 75.0 Ko.O Indiana 90.0 70.0 Missouri 84.0 77.U Nebraska 87.0 87.0 Illinois 8.0 70.0 Ohio 89.0 72.0 California 9o.O 77.il Pennsylvania 93.0 84 0 Oklahoma M.O M 0 Texas 83.0 78. 0 ' Michigan 70.0 72.0 Lulled States 86.6 79.4 Spring; Wheat Crop. The average condition of spring wheat on July 1 was 91.4 per cent, as compared with 93 last month, 91 on July 1. 1906. 93.7 at the corresponding date in 1904 and a ten-year average of 88.2. The following table shows for esch of the ftVe principal spring wheat atates 'ths condition on July 1 of this year with tlfe respective ten-year July average: July 1, 10-year States. 190. Ave. Minnesota 89.0 87.0 North Dakota 93.0 Pi 0 South Dakota 1 0 8fl 0 Iowa 94.0 9X 0 Washington 1'.0 0 United States L4 88.2 The average condition on July 1 of spring and winter wheat combined waa $7.8, as compared with 85.8 on July 1, 1906, and 84. S at the corresponding date in 1904. The amount of wheat remaining In tha hands of farmers on July 1 is estimated at about 46,063,000 bushels, equivalent to about (.6 per cent of the crop of Isst year. Oats Below Average. The average condition of the oat crop' on July 1 waa 84 per cent, as compared with 8 last month, 92.1 on July 1, 89. t at the corresponding date In 1904 and a ten year average of 8D.4. The average condition of barley on July 1 was 92.5. against 93.5 one month ago, 91 5 on July 1. 1906, 88.6 at the corresponding date in 1904 and a ten-year average of 88. i. The average condition of winter rye on July 1 was 91. J, as compared with 92.7 on July 1, 1906, 88 at the corresponding data In 19(4 and a ten-yenr average of 90 1. The acreage of potatoes, excluding sweet potatoes. Is lesa than that of last year by about 38,000 acres, or 1.3 per cent. The av erage condition on July 1 was M.S. as com pared with 91.2 on July 1. 1906, 93. at tha corresponding date In 1904 and a tenyear average of S2.1. The acreage of tobacco la less than that of last year by about 40,000 acres, or 8.2 per cent. The sverage condition on July I wss 86.7, agalrst 87.4 one year ago. BRAZIL REDUCES ITS TARIFF Concession of Twenty Per Cent Mads to I lilted States on Several Commodities. 4 WASHINGTON. July 10. Secretary j Boot's vlult to South America haa begun I to bear fruit. Brazil has Juat announced a new tariff, which reduces the duty 011 I n n .1 ........ t.t l.i.r A 1 1 . r r ( , ' 11 .vni.rl. '1,1 no mi ., ,,., . j ....... ............ ... L' per cent, and Is destined to promote the development of commercial Interchange be tween this country and Brazil. Condensed milk, rubber seels, watches, varniahes. typewriters, pianos, Ice boxes, scales, windmills and inks (excepting writ ing Inks) are other articles on which the to per cent reduction on tariff Is gran'orl. But fiour ls the most Important commodity in the list and the duties on breadstuff have lorg been the subject of dlFpute h. I tween Krazli Slid the Tinted States. ! Failure to reduce the duty on flour s!- ntit caused a bretch of the relations he. lw-eii tl.e two rouiilihs many c:irs ago, and because of the mportaMon of large quantities of flour to lira. I the change in duty favorable to this country U 9t Crest lnrorUa4w , v !