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THE- OMAHA HUN DAT KEB: JANUARY 2G, 1903.
Queer Features of Travel on England's Trunk Line to Central Africa
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MOMBASA. STATION BEOrNNINQ OF TUB UGANDA BAILWAT.
(Copyright, 1908. by Frank O. Carpenter.)
A1ROBI, British Kagt Africa.
I (Special Correspondence of The
JJ I Bee.) Traveling by railway:
Afrlcal Steaming for hun
dreds of miles amudg cebras,
gnus, ostriches and giraffes!
Rolling along through jungles which tha
rhinoceros haunts, and where tha lion and
leopard wait for their prey I
These are some of my experiences during
a trip I hava Just taken over the Uganda
railway from Mombasa to Nairobi I
Ten years ago H took a month to cover
the distance between tha two points, and
tha whole way was on foot I made It In
leas than twenty-four hours, and that in
a comfortable car. The railroad fare was
J34 and I had fairly good meals on tha
way. Tha distance la over 300 miles and It
Is Just about half the length of tha rail
road. Leaving here I shall continue my
Journey over It an to Lake Victoria, and
hall land on that lake not fax from tha
ouros of tha Nile.
tsuds Rail war.
This gives you some Idea of tha Uganda
railway, which tha British completed only
about five years ago. Tha road begins at
tha Indian ocean and it climbs over soma
of the roughest parts of tha African con
tinent before It ends at Victoria, the great
est fresh water lake of tha world. Leaving
tha seacoast the rtsa of tha road Is almost
continuous until It reaches tha high plains
of British East Africa. Hera at Nairobi
X am mora than a mile above tha sea, and,
about fifteen miles farther on at tha sta
tion of Klyuku, tha road reaches an alti
tude 700 feet above that of Mount Wash
ington. From there
to a point a mile and
ea, and then there
wide diUh-llk. valley 2.0CO feet deep. llve. at hom4 fJther anroften teent and that Remandt? Rubens Re- variety After a thorough
Crossing this valley the road again rises ...lata in m.,.n m. ni. -i.. v,. i,i. w. ci. A. V. :v. a "roun
to 115 a month and rations. The native
laborers were paid about It) cents a day.
Before the American workmen arrived
here a large part of the bridge material
was already In Mombasa. They left one
man there to see that additional materials
wen forwarded promptly, and came at
once to the seat of action. They put up
tha bridges at tha rata of something like
one a week, and constructed the longest
viaduct In sixty-nine and one-half work
ing hours. Had It not been for the en
forced delays on tha part of the govern
ment they would hava undoubtedly com
pleted their work in seven months.
As it was, what they did forms one of
tha wonders of civil and mechanical en
gineering. Tha bridge material was so
made that Its pieces fitted together Ilka
clockwork, and that notwithstanding It was
put into shape away off here thousands
of rr.Isa from the place af construction
and In one of tha most savage parts of
the world. Tha materials in the viaducts
Included about half a million feet of south
m pine lumber and more than thirteen
million pounds of steel. The sts t was In
more than one hundred thousand pieces
and the heaviest piece weighed five tons.
The average weight was about ona hun
dred pounds per piece. The greatest cars
had to be taken to keep the parts to
ff other, and In their own places. Every
piece was numbered and those of different
bridges were painted In different colors.
Most of tha natives here look upon steel as
so much Jewelry, and It was Impossible to
keep them from filching soma pieces for
earbobs and bracelets.
Where Lions Eat tha Passengers.
It was difficult to build' this road on ac
count of wild beasts. There are a hun
dred places along It where ona might get
off and start up a Hon. Rhinoceroses hava
butted the frelght'cars along tha track, and
they Infest much of the country through
which it goes. I was shown a station yes
terday where twenty-nlna Hindoos were'
carried off by two man-eating lions. The
man-eaters cams night after night, and
took away one or two of the workmen from
the construction camp. They were finally
BOMB THIRD-CLASS PASSENOERS.
killed by an English overseer, who sat up
with his gun and watched for them.
It was not far from this station of
Nairobi that a man was taken out of a
special car by a Hon while It stopped over
night on tha side track. Tha windows and
doors of tha car had been left open for air,
and tha three men who formed Its only In
mates had gone to sleep. Two were in
tha berths and tha other, who had sat up
to watch, was on tha floor with his gun on
his knees. As tha night wore on ha fell
asleep, and woka to find himself under tha
belly of the Hon. Tha beast had slipped in
through tha door. Ho seised tha man In
tha lower berth, and Jumped out of tha
window, carrying him with him. The other
two men followed; but they failed to dis
cover tha beast that night The bones of
the man, picked clean, were found next day.
Through East Africa br Rail.
But come with me and take a trip on that
part of tha Uganda railroad over which I
hava been traveling. We start at Mom
basa, a little coral Island In tha Indian
ocean. Our train carries us across a great
steel bridge to tha mainland, and we climb
through a Jungle up to tha plateau. We
pass baobab trees, with trunks like hogs
heads, bursting out at tha top Into
branches. They make ona think of tha frog
who tried to blow himself to the slse of
a bull and exploded in tha attempt. We
go through cocoanut groves, by mango
trees loaded with fruit and through plan
tations of bananas, whose long green leaves
quiver In the breese made by the train as
It passes. Now we sea a gingerbread
palm, and now strange flowers and plants,
tha names of which wa do not know. As
we rise wa can sea tha straits which sepa
rate Mombasa from the' mainland, and
higher still tha broad expanse of the In
dian ocean comes Into view.
For the first 100 miles the climb Is almost
steady, and we are about one-third of a
mile above tha sea when we reach the sta
tion at Vol. Here tha country is more
open; and far off In the distance one can
see a patch of snow floating like a cloud.
That patch Is the mountain of Kilimanjaro,
and, Its top Is mora than 19,000 feet above
the sea. It Is about the highest moun-
VLVDUCT T)N TITTO MAIN ESCARPMKNT,
tain on the continent, and etlll Is not much
higher tnan Mount Kenla. that other giant
ot British East Africa which rises out of
the plateau some distance north of Nairobi.
After the Jungle of the coast line, tho
country becomes comparatively op'n; and
It soon begins to look like parts of America
where the woods have been cut away
and the brush allowed to grow up in the
fields. Hera the land is carpeted with
grass about a foot or so high, and thou
sands of square miles of such grass aro
going to waste. I saw no stock to eak
of, and at that place but little wild game.
Without knowing anything about the tsetso
fly and other cattle pests, I should say
that the pastures Just back of the coast
might feed many thousand cattle and hogs.
The soil seems rich. It Is a fat clay, of
the color of well burnt brick, which turns
everything red. This dust filled our car,
it coated our faces, and crept through our
clothes. When we attempted to wash, the
water soon became a bright vermilion,
and the towels upon whloh we dried were
brick-red. My pillow, after riding all night
Quaint and Curious Incidents of Every Day Life
A Father at Eighty-Blx.
OHN H- THIRT of Long Island
City, who is 86 years old, is the
proud father of a robust baby
girl, born December 28. Mrs.
Thlry, who Is SI years old,. Is
family the tenth boy. A fellow workman
who was detained at home and could not
bring his congratulations wrote to his
"Dear Pepi: Once upon a time, when we
pletely furnished, from lot at corner of
Eighth Btreet and Broadway. Property of
Fred Miller. Taken while owner was in
was pust a plot Oh, all right. It'll help son, or for the purpose of attracting no
ma remember tha story." New Tork Bun. tlce or attention to himself.
"Primarily," said Mr. Bennett, "this or-
on Roostar. Jdlnance was formed to get evenwith cer- Chicago on a Christmas visit.
A valuable rooster in Chicago has
thought that only the first born would derrone at surgical operation
thG second wife of the veteran brine the parents Joy. a sixteenth would life that Anuaia th mnmt .Tnrt nf h- wi- - ' v, . . '
tohtT .!' .."VJ ' d ,V.9 .Cn . mlfiortuIe- But now operations that hava been performed, on but some of tha preachers would not give wild look In his eye which caused tho
mm aDout ten Vear "s-o. Little Mary different The English woman has dis- ostriches and other choice birds at the ... tv.. t n r m t .t th. i,.nt in fo.i in h Hrr tnr th
, f nAnltlo immaa wl.k 1 , , , a . . . . . '
"What town is this?" ha asked abruptly.
"Is It Gary, Ind?"
' Assured that it was, Mr. Miller became
still more breathless, and the wlldness
In his eye assumed the proportions of
raged at the remark made by the Rev.
until it is far higher than any mountain a ent,.r Tv,.- ,v,, .v... lu 'rur u""u wa" oe- Ernest Sweeton of Newbury. Ind., In a
in tha United State, east of tha Rockies. Mr. Th W. who ?t w many yea.; has been youngest or one of the youngest 1 large tlT "T, " Cn8( , ' ,ermon Bunday nlght- when he 8ald thaU J'"1 he '"""""a n" omot,on
It attain, an elevation of 1,300 feet and, widely known In , educXnal ctrelestha famines I know all I thU becfuae S J , ' v,ta,,draw n craw a any woman who danced was of question- and spoke.
then falls dawn to Lake Victoria, whloh la orlin.tr T . .JZZ , c,rc,e M th ,1 . ..fi because when iarg9 p,, of chlna platei Ul after Bd. character, young society men of New- "Where the dickens Is my house Chen?"
&tZ?Sl SSSfUSTta iZ "rSS r"6P, attacked tho minister" with decayed be said. "When I left this town Christ-
Allegheny The road wa. built by th. part, of th. worl? ia. wTl" kL t'i oenters-th! Lhi?. ? Wound- The p'ece of ch,na wa" a,moBt an eggs and with club,. ma. eve to go to Chicago it was standing
, , roomer la now an nvriy hO attack Occurred a. the
British government In less than five years the local school boards in Queens county Wagners.'
ana nas cost auogemer over ii ior a long term of years and Is now secre- -
has a gauge of forty Inches, raU. which tary of local school board No. U. Was it a Plot t
weigh fifty pounds to the yard and it. . The introspective man said: "I heard a
track, ara well laid and well ballasted. Strange Tala of Brothers. good story the other day. Walt a mlnuto
Last year something like 40,000 tons of Although having lived In Putnam county, and I'll tell It' to you."
goods and 180,000 passengers were carried Ohio, all their lives, and within a few miles Then he sat and thought for almost ten
over It, and its earnings were about tuOO.OOO of each other for many years, William and minutes before ha remarked, "No, it's no
more than Its operating expenses. It doe. Arthur Quick, brothers, have Just learned use. I can t think of it when I'm sober."
not yot pay any Interest on the capital In- of the whereabouts of each other. The Then ho went on: "It's a queer thing,
vested, but It Is of enormous value In tha children were desertedby their parents at and I don't know if It ever happened to
way of opening up, developing and protect- Union City, Ohio, in .1880, It Is said, and you. I'heard that story that I thought I
em io ma cnuuren s home
at Cincinnati. A sister also accompanied
them. Later the boys were placed with
families In the country.
Desiring to know of his brother ond sister.
William Quick, communicated with the chil
dren's home and found his brother living
on a farm only a short distance from him
l-i T,.n.M ... .
. . . , , . " iouiiijr, ii was a nappy re- , , . .
maae oy jkumnvu wuibjuou ui union after twenty-seven years of separa lmn" ot l,lac ory a dozen times since,
faatorie. and taken out here and put up tlon Effo,.,, now ing made to locate 1 cant recollect blt ot " when I'm sober,
under tha superintendence of American tn6 gigter, who was placed with a family 1 know what the story Is well enough, be-
workmen. The way It happened was ow- ne4lr gldney, O. ' cause I know that I have .told It three
ing to John Bull's desire to have the work $ ' times since as soon as I've had a little
dona quickly and cheaply and at the same The Last Are the Best. drink. And It s a good story, too."
time substantially. While ha hud been The stork visited the home of a Journev- "Come on, have a drink." said the other
lng tha country.
Twenty-Seven American Bridges.
Antony the most interesting features of
tha road ara its American bridges. . They
cross all tha great ravines between here
and Lake Victoria, and every steel bar
and every bolt and rivet in them were
could tell you three or four weeks ago,
one night when I was with some fellows
and had all I could drink.
and crows as defiantly as' ever.
The fact that a piece of china should bo
found In the fowl's craw Is not so amazing.
Similar foreign' substances can be found In
the craw of any chicken, turkey, goose or
otlier bird when prepared for roasting.
Some very strange articles have been
found In the chicken's craw, things that
hava been accidentally dropped In the yard.
lilt Maahera and Parsons. '
. Two Portland aldermen hava given the
Oregon city the benefit of two unique
ordinances. One Is called "the antl-maBh-
ing ordinance," by the terms of which It Is
on his way to church at 7 o'clock Tuesday
evening. The eggs struck him In such
quantity that he was felled to the side
walk, and while down he was kicked and .
beaten until he was bleeding from gashes
on his face, head and arms. He regained .
his feet and ran three blocks to a' store.
His attackers pursued him to the store
door, pelting him with eggs. Sweeton later
secured a bath and clean clothing. He
preached a short and quiet sermon, mak
ing no reference to the attack on him or
to dancing women.
Sweeton broke Into notoriety a few weeks'
ago, when his wire accused him rubllcly
It's gone, clean as a Whistle."
The sergeant sent a man with Mr. Miller
and, the two visited the erstwhile site of
the Miller home. iThere was nothing there
but a vacant lot. There were traces, how
ever, which Indicated that the thieves had
hitched horses to the dwelling and pulled
it away, but the trail w.ia s:on lost and
Mr. MIUit was offered a temporary bed in
the police station, which he declined with
A Stroke of Lack.
He was a speculator, and for a year past
nothing had been coming his way except
"Some one told the story then and I re- uniawfui for any man t0 aecost any womtm of offering her J200 If sne would not fight expenses. Misfortunes never come by
member that I thought It was great. So I
determined that I would keep It In mind
and tell It when I met you.
"But the fact Is that, although I've tried
laying tha tracks from here to the sea, man carpenter In Vienna a few weeks ago
our bridge companies had surprised tha for tha sixteenth time, bringing to the
English by putting up the steel viaduct
across tha Atbara river in the Egyptian " .
Sudan within a, much shorter time and
far mora cheaply than tha best British
builders could possibly do. Therefore,
when tha British government asked for
bid. for these Uganda bridges they sent
tha plan, and specifications to the Brlt
Ibh and to some of our American firms as
well. The best British bids provides that
the shops should have two or three years
to make the steel work, and longer still to
erect It In Africa. The American Brlgde
company offered to complete the whole
Job within .even months after the founda
tions were laid, and that at a charge of
30 per ton, to be paid when all were In
place and In working order. This price
was about half that of the British esti
mates and the 'time was less than one
third that In which the eight bridges al
ready constructed hsd been built, so the
American company got the contract. It
"Well, I will; but you'll say now that it
or girl on the street whom he does not
know. Thd other Is even more unusual,
providing that all scandal mongers ' shall
be compelled to pay a license.
Alderman Frank S. Bennett Is the author
of the latter law, which Is Intended to
cleanse the atmosphere of Portland of
scandalous gossip. The ordinance defines
a scandal monger as any person who In
the presence of any gathering shall pub
licly attack any public official or shall
utter any false or scandalous words with
Intent to injure or defame any other per-
his suit for divorce. Sweeton is a Holiness
preacher and his home Is in St. Louis.
His remark in his Newburg sermon was:
"Any woman who steps on a dancing floor
Is an evil woman and not good enough for
Steal a Fnrnlahed Ilonae,
Gary, Ind., made Its strongest bid for
fame since It was founded when the desk
sergeant Inscribed on the prison station
blotter recently the following record.
Stolen Ona one-story frame house, com-
themselves. One day his daughter In'
formed him, In a cold and unfeeling man
ner, that if he did not give her a diamond
tiara worth at least a thousand she would
elope with the coachman.
"Come to my arms, my darling," he ex
claimed, as the tears of Joy coursed down
his wrinkled chocks; "come to my arms."
"Do I get the tiara?'.' she asked, hesi
tating ere she accepted his Invitation.
"Of course not," he smiled, delightedly,
"you get the coachman. I owe him nine
months' wages!" Saturday Evening Post.
View of a Gorgeous Church Function in Rome
I TV I
government done its part the work would
hava been completed in the time spuMlted.
Owing to delays of one kind or another
It really consumed five months longer, but
it was all done within tho space of one
year, which was Just about half the time
that the British contractors asked to gut
their goods ready for shipment.
How They Were Bnilt.
Tha British were surprised at how easily
nd quickly th Americans carried out
their contract and how little they teemed
to make of It. The civil engineer who
was sent out to take charge of the con
struction was little mors than boy. . lii
name was A B. Luudur, and he had grad
uated at Cornell university only a year
or so before. In addition to him there
. was a Pennsylvania muu named Jarrett
who acted as supurliilenUik-nt of construc
tion, aud about twenty bridge builders
and foremen from different parts ot the
United' States. These men arrived at
Mombasa in December. Hot), and they had
completed their 'work before the (olio wing
Christmas. They acted merely as super
intendents and faruy workmen. All the
rough labor was dono by bast Indians and
native Africans, furnished by the British.
When the road was sti-rtrd the tiovern
meiit planned to utm only Africans, but
they found this Impossible, and therefore
Imported a.(M coelles from India. These
men came on contracts of from two to
flv yvars. and their wage. war. from ti aluvasa.
01IE, Jan. 2. A public consis
tory is undoubtedly one of tha
most Imposing and gorgeous "
functions of the Papal court
and can be briefly described as
A special hall in tha last consistory, the
Hall of Beautlfieatlons, which Is Biluu'.ed .
over the vestibule of fct. Peter's, is deco
rated (or the occasion. At one end rises
the papal throne draped in purple velvet
and with a valuuble piece of tapesuy
hanging behind It.
On euch side of the throne are the
benches for tha cardinals, blshopa, pre
lates and high functionaries ui ihu Papal
court, and around it the tribunes fur the
diplomatic corps, the Roman nobility, tho
Knights ,tjf Malta, the gistinc choir and
the public. Each tribune is guarded by a
Swiss guard in full uniform, while painl
troops line the walls.
Tho pope, surrounded by his court, en
ters ball, carried alolt on the ge3:a
torial chair, and followed by all the car
dinals, wiillo the choir sings the motetto
"Tu es Petrua." When the pope is en
throned he puts on the golden mitre und
all tha cardinals, one by one, ga up to
the throne and kiss his ring la sign ot
Meanwhile tha newly elected cardinals
are called In. Thty advance, to tha throne,
make three genufluctlona. kiss first the
pope's foot then his hand and afterisard
exchange the - accolade or embraoe with
the pontiff, who puts on their heads the
beretta. Subsequently they exchange thti
accolade with all their colleaguea
When this ceremony Is over the new
caidinals one by one go up to the throne,
kneel down and tha pope, repeating tha
usual formula, Imposes on each the red
hat. The ceremony ends with the apos
tolic blessing. ,
rattle's New Cathedral.
8t. James' cathedral, one or the (infst
Roman Catholic church -buildings In the
country, has Just beet, completed at Seat la.
It cost KOOO.OoO and It is presided over by the
Right Rev. Bishop O'Daa Of J ."V?"
' tZU1 "'rl I, iwi iigi M.li.i ,1 i. .,1 U-rifc--l;.)iill't t fln... fill l llWiM II li .rtW.M III UTIl r Jl - T ' 1 -n i - .jpj
' ln'i, mm I, I,,,, ..,, inn .in mi in.mi.imi i ', ,i ..mi -....AlKani . hi faiwWfc'hw. .m.i . n',., ...t Ana.. in . ii I m n iw.r .nniii n ..hi.! i .
" -y- mm ii .... i..,wij nip, vt.rnmrjtr ii ymw tmmv v.r -. - - n TV- .f mt-m i . i w 1 V
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5113 UOLINESa THJS POPS bl'OVvUa THB REX HAT ON A CARDINAL AT A PUBLIC CON6I8T0RT.
BRITISH EAST AFRICA.
through such dust, hnil chnngfil from
white to terra-cotta; and there whs a
Venetian red spot where my heml had laid.
Anions the Antelopra and T.ebraa.
It is a strange 1 1 . i 1 1 to go to sleep In
the woods and to awake finding yourself
traveling over a high, treeless country,
with ganre by tne thousand gamboling
along the car tracks. We u.voke on the
Kapltl plains, which are about a iiiilo
above the sea and miles from Mom
basa. These plains are of a black sandy
loam and they are covered with a thick
grass. .They look much llko Iowa, Kanwus
or Nebraska did when the railroads were
first built through them and when tiie
buffaloes galloped along with the cars.
The same conditions prevail here, save
that the game Is of a half-dozen big kinds,
and most of It Is such as you can see only
in our soologlcal gardens at home. Ac
cording to law no shooting mny be dona
for a mils on each side of the track, and
the road has become a great gamo pro
serve two miles in - width and about 60
miles long. The anlmuls seem to know
that they are safo when they aro near tha
railroad and most of them are as quiet
as our domestic beasts when in the fields.
Let me give you some notes which I
made with these wild animals on all Bides
of me. I copy: These Kapltl plains are
flat and I am riding through vast herds of
antelopes and zebras. 8o:,ie of them are
within pistol Bhot of tho cars. Theru
are fifty-odd- zebraB feeding on the grass
not 100 feet away. Their black and white
stripes shine In the sunlight ond they are
round, plump and beautiful. They ralso
their heads as the train goes by and then
continue their grazing. Further on we seo
antelopes, some as big as a 2-year-old calf,
and others the size of a goat. The little
ones have horns almost a. long as their
bodies. There is one variety which has a
white patch on Its rump. This antelopa
looks as though it had a baby's bib tied to
its stubby tall or Had been splashed with
a whitewash brush. Many of the antelopes
are yellow or fawn colored; and some of
the smaller ones are beautifully striped.
Wild Gnna and Ostriches.
Among the most curious animals to be
seen are the gnus. As I write this there
are some gulloplng along' with the train.
They are gteut beasts as big as a mouse.
with the horns' of a cow and tho inune and
tall of a horse. They are sometimes called
wllde-beeste; they make very good hunt
ing. But, look, there ure some ostriches. The
'flock contains a dozen or more irds,
which stand llko interrogation points
away off there on the plain. They turn
toward tho curs as we approach and then
spread their wings and skim away at
great speed. Giraffes are frequently seen.
They are more timid than the antelope,
however, and are by no means so brave
as the sobras.
We see more and more wild animals as
we go onward. The whole region Is a
zoological garden; and the beasts are so v
protected that they ara fast Increasing in
number. All hunting here must be done
by licenses, and, as I shall show later,
It costs $200 for the right to shoot a cer
tain number of elephants and other big
game. The only animals which one can
kill without government permission are
lions and leopards, and, the danger Is, that
the lion or leopard, and not the man will
do the killing.
Telegraph Wire as Jewelry.
Ona ot tha great troubles that tha Brit
ish government had while building the
Uganda railroad was to keep the natives
from stealing the telegraph wires. The
women use such wire as Jewelry. They
bind It around the legs from the anklo to
tho knee. They wrap it fi great colls
cround their necks, and they make It Into
round disks, which they tie to the lobes
tt their ears. They steal all sorts of rail
road bolts and nuts for personal ornamen
tation, and brass win. and pieces of
bronze are so much In demand thai they
will pass current as money. All the way
here I have seen natives loaded with wire
of one kind or another. Some had little
more than the wire on them, and the
clothes of most were conspicuous by their
absence. About the only cloth worn along
the I'ganda road is small 'pieces of cotton.
Some of the men wear breech chillis und
some of t lie women have short skirts.
Farther up the lino I understand they
wear nothing, and at the terminal sta
tions both men and women u about as
uaked as when they were born.
Some ttarer Jewelry.
It Is wonderful how tiie people mutl
lute themselves In order to be what they
consider beautiful. The ears of many tit
the women are punched like sieves, in
order that they may hold rings of various
kinds. At Vol I saw a girl with corks,
each about as big around as my little fin
ger, put through holes in the rims of her
tars. She bad a great cork In each lobe,
nd three above that in each ear. There
'as a man beside her who had two long
ticks in his ears; and further up the
road I saw ono who had so stretched tho
lobe holes that a good sized tumbler could
have been passed through the.n. Incie 1.
I have a photograph of a man carrying
k jam pot, In bis ear.
As I write I can see an ebony African
with a bras collar around bis necu and
anklets on his legs. His only other gar
ment Is a strip of calico about the loins.
With him Is a man with a nose ring not
unlike that we use to keep pig. from
rooting; and further over is a giddy
naked dandy who has three colls of gal
vanized telephone wire In each ot his
ara FRANK O. CARPENTER,