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THE- OMAHA HUN DAT KEB: JANUARY 2G, 1903.
Queer Features of Travel on England's Trunk Line to Central Africa trs. as ' y" mm 1 v "r hrr, .Jt. i 1 . , O . .A..'-: , - V; 4 i r ,-r ' n i j 'j' "r""" ,ll--urTrj ft 1 ' . 7 - ' - MOMBASA. STATION BEOrNNINQ OF TUB UGANDA BAILWAT. (Copyright, 1908. by Frank O. Carpenter.) A1ROBI, British Kagt Africa. I (Special Correspondence of The JJ I Bee.) Traveling by railway: Afrlcal Steaming for hun dreds of miles amudg cebras, gnus, ostriches and giraffes! Rolling along through jungles which tha rhinoceros haunts, and where tha lion and leopard wait for their prey I These are some of my experiences during a trip I hava Just taken over the Uganda railway from Mombasa to Nairobi I Ten years ago H took a month to cover the distance between tha two points, and tha whole way was on foot I made It In leas than twenty-four hours, and that in a comfortable car. The railroad fare was J34 and I had fairly good meals on tha way. Tha distance la over 300 miles and It Is Just about half the length of tha rail road. Leaving here I shall continue my Journey over It an to Lake Victoria, and hall land on that lake not fax from tha ouros of tha Nile. tsuds Rail war. This gives you some Idea of tha Uganda railway, which tha British completed only about five years ago. Tha road begins at tha Indian ocean and it climbs over soma of the roughest parts of tha African con tinent before It ends at Victoria, the great est fresh water lake of tha world. Leaving tha seacoast the rtsa of tha road Is almost continuous until It reaches tha high plains of British East Africa. Hera at Nairobi X am mora than a mile above tha sea, and, about fifteen miles farther on at tha sta tion of Klyuku, tha road reaches an alti tude 700 feet above that of Mount Wash ington. From there to a point a mile and ea, and then there wide diUh-llk. valley 2.0CO feet deep. llve. at hom4 fJther anroften teent and that Remandt? Rubens Re- variety After a thorough Crossing this valley the road again rises ...lata in m.,.n m. ni. -i.. v,. i,i. w. ci. A. V. :v. a "roun to 115 a month and rations. The native laborers were paid about It) cents a day. Before the American workmen arrived here a large part of the bridge material was already In Mombasa. They left one man there to see that additional materials wen forwarded promptly, and came at once to the seat of action. They put up tha bridges at tha rata of something like one a week, and constructed the longest viaduct In sixty-nine and one-half work ing hours. Had It not been for the en forced delays on tha part of the govern ment they would hava undoubtedly com pleted their work in seven months. As it was, what they did forms one of tha wonders of civil and mechanical en gineering. Tha bridge material was so made that Its pieces fitted together Ilka clockwork, and that notwithstanding It was put into shape away off here thousands of rr.Isa from the place af construction and In one of tha most savage parts of the world. Tha materials in the viaducts Included about half a million feet of south m pine lumber and more than thirteen million pounds of steel. The sts t was In more than one hundred thousand pieces and the heaviest piece weighed five tons. The average weight was about ona hun dred pounds per piece. The greatest cars had to be taken to keep the parts to ff other, and In their own places. Every piece was numbered and those of different bridges were painted In different colors. Most of tha natives here look upon steel as so much Jewelry, and It was Impossible to keep them from filching soma pieces for earbobs and bracelets. Where Lions Eat tha Passengers. It was difficult to build' this road on ac count of wild beasts. There are a hun dred places along It where ona might get off and start up a Hon. Rhinoceroses hava butted the frelght'cars along tha track, and they Infest much of the country through which it goes. I was shown a station yes terday where twenty-nlna Hindoos were' carried off by two man-eating lions. The man-eaters cams night after night, and took away one or two of the workmen from the construction camp. They were finally BOMB THIRD-CLASS PASSENOERS. killed by an English overseer, who sat up with his gun and watched for them. It was not far from this station of Nairobi that a man was taken out of a special car by a Hon while It stopped over night on tha side track. Tha windows and doors of tha car had been left open for air, and tha three men who formed Its only In mates had gone to sleep. Two were in tha berths and tha other, who had sat up to watch, was on tha floor with his gun on his knees. As tha night wore on ha fell asleep, and woka to find himself under tha belly of the Hon. Tha beast had slipped in through tha door. Ho seised tha man In tha lower berth, and Jumped out of tha window, carrying him with him. The other two men followed; but they failed to dis cover tha beast that night The bones of the man, picked clean, were found next day. Through East Africa br Rail. But come with me and take a trip on that part of tha Uganda railroad over which I hava been traveling. We start at Mom basa, a little coral Island In tha Indian ocean. Our train carries us across a great AMERICAN BUILT steel bridge to tha mainland, and we climb through a Jungle up to tha plateau. We pass baobab trees, with trunks like hogs heads, bursting out at tha top Into branches. They make ona think of tha frog who tried to blow himself to the slse of a bull and exploded in tha attempt. We go through cocoanut groves, by mango trees loaded with fruit and through plan tations of bananas, whose long green leaves quiver In the breese made by the train as It passes. Now we sea a gingerbread palm, and now strange flowers and plants, tha names of which wa do not know. As we rise wa can sea tha straits which sepa rate Mombasa from the' mainland, and higher still tha broad expanse of the In dian ocean comes Into view. For the first 100 miles the climb Is almost steady, and we are about one-third of a mile above tha sea when we reach the sta tion at Vol. Here tha country is more open; and far off In the distance one can see a patch of snow floating like a cloud. That patch Is the mountain of Kilimanjaro, and, Its top Is mora than 19,000 feet above the sea. It Is about the highest moun- VLVDUCT T)N TITTO MAIN ESCARPMKNT, tain on the continent, and etlll Is not much higher tnan Mount Kenla. that other giant ot British East Africa which rises out of the plateau some distance north of Nairobi. After the Jungle of the coast line, tho country becomes comparatively op'n; and It soon begins to look like parts of America where the woods have been cut away and the brush allowed to grow up in the fields. Hera the land is carpeted with grass about a foot or so high, and thou sands of square miles of such grass aro going to waste. I saw no stock to eak of, and at that place but little wild game. Without knowing anything about the tsetso fly and other cattle pests, I should say that the pastures Just back of the coast might feed many thousand cattle and hogs. The soil seems rich. It Is a fat clay, of the color of well burnt brick, which turns everything red. This dust filled our car, it coated our faces, and crept through our clothes. When we attempted to wash, the water soon became a bright vermilion, and the towels upon whloh we dried were brick-red. My pillow, after riding all night Quaint and Curious Incidents of Every Day Life A Father at Eighty-Blx. OHN H- THIRT of Long Island City, who is 86 years old, is the proud father of a robust baby girl, born December 28. Mrs. Thlry, who Is SI years old,. Is family the tenth boy. A fellow workman who was detained at home and could not bring his congratulations wrote to his friend: , "Dear Pepi: Once upon a time, when we pletely furnished, from lot at corner of Eighth Btreet and Broadway. Property of Fred Miller. Taken while owner was in was pust a plot Oh, all right. It'll help son, or for the purpose of attracting no ma remember tha story." New Tork Bun. tlce or attention to himself. "Primarily," said Mr. Bennett, "this or- on Roostar. Jdlnance was formed to get evenwith cer- Chicago on a Christmas visit. A valuable rooster in Chicago has thought that only the first born would derrone at surgical operation thG second wife of the veteran brine the parents Joy. a sixteenth would life that Anuaia th mnmt .Tnrt nf h- wi- - ' v, . . ' tohtT .!' .."VJ ' d ,V.9 .Cn . mlfiortuIe- But now operations that hava been performed, on but some of tha preachers would not give wild look In his eye which caused tho mm aDout ten Vear "s-o. Little Mary different The English woman has dis- ostriches and other choice birds at the ... tv.. t n r m t .t th. i,.nt in fo.i in h Hrr tnr th , f nAnltlo immaa wl.k 1 , , , a . . . . . ' station revolver. "What town is this?" ha asked abruptly. "Is It Gary, Ind?" ' Assured that it was, Mr. Miller became still more breathless, and the wlldness In his eye assumed the proportions of raged at the remark made by the Rev. examination of until it is far higher than any mountain a ent,.r Tv,.- ,v,, .v... lu 'rur u""u wa" oe- Ernest Sweeton of Newbury. Ind., In a in tha United State, east of tha Rockies. Mr. Th W. who ?t w many yea.; has been youngest or one of the youngest 1 large tlT "T, " Cn8( , ' ,ermon Bunday nlght- when he 8ald thaU J'"1 he '"""""a n" omot,on It attain, an elevation of 1,300 feet and, widely known In , educXnal ctrelestha famines I know all I thU becfuae S J , ' v,ta,,draw n craw a any woman who danced was of question- and spoke. then falls dawn to Lake Victoria, whloh la orlin.tr T . .JZZ , c,rc,e M th ,1 . ..fi because when iarg9 p,, of chlna platei Ul after Bd. character, young society men of New- "Where the dickens Is my house Chen?" &tZ?Sl SSSfUSTta iZ "rSS r"6P, attacked tho minister" with decayed be said. "When I left this town Christ- Allegheny The road wa. built by th. part, of th. worl? ia. wTl" kL t'i oenters-th! Lhi?. ? Wound- The p'ece of ch,na wa" a,moBt an eggs and with club,. ma. eve to go to Chicago it was standing , , roomer la now an nvriy hO attack Occurred a. the British government In less than five years the local school boards in Queens county Wagners.' ana nas cost auogemer over ii ior a long term of years and Is now secre- - has a gauge of forty Inches, raU. which tary of local school board No. U. Was it a Plot t weigh fifty pounds to the yard and it. . The introspective man said: "I heard a track, ara well laid and well ballasted. Strange Tala of Brothers. good story the other day. Walt a mlnuto Last year something like 40,000 tons of Although having lived In Putnam county, and I'll tell It' to you." goods and 180,000 passengers were carried Ohio, all their lives, and within a few miles Then he sat and thought for almost ten over It, and its earnings were about tuOO.OOO of each other for many years, William and minutes before ha remarked, "No, it's no more than Its operating expenses. It doe. Arthur Quick, brothers, have Just learned use. I can t think of it when I'm sober." not yot pay any Interest on the capital In- of the whereabouts of each other. The Then ho went on: "It's a queer thing, vested, but It Is of enormous value In tha children were desertedby their parents at and I don't know if It ever happened to way of opening up, developing and protect- Union City, Ohio, in .1880, It Is said, and you. I'heard that story that I thought I em io ma cnuuren s home at Cincinnati. A sister also accompanied them. Later the boys were placed with families In the country. Desiring to know of his brother ond sister. William Quick, communicated with the chil dren's home and found his brother living on a farm only a short distance from him l-i T,.n.M ... . . . . , , . " iouiiijr, ii was a nappy re- , , . . maae oy jkumnvu wuibjuou ui union after twenty-seven years of separa lmn" ot l,lac ory a dozen times since, faatorie. and taken out here and put up tlon Effo,.,, now ing made to locate 1 cant recollect blt ot " when I'm sober, under tha superintendence of American tn6 gigter, who was placed with a family 1 know what the story Is well enough, be- workmen. The way It happened was ow- ne4lr gldney, O. ' cause I know that I have .told It three ing to John Bull's desire to have the work $ ' times since as soon as I've had a little dona quickly and cheaply and at the same The Last Are the Best. drink. And It s a good story, too." time substantially. While ha hud been The stork visited the home of a Journev- "Come on, have a drink." said the other lng tha country. Twenty-Seven American Bridges. Antony the most interesting features of tha road ara its American bridges. . They cross all tha great ravines between here and Lake Victoria, and every steel bar and every bolt and rivet in them were could tell you three or four weeks ago, one night when I was with some fellows and had all I could drink. and crows as defiantly as' ever. The fact that a piece of china should bo found In the fowl's craw Is not so amazing. Similar foreign' substances can be found In the craw of any chicken, turkey, goose or otlier bird when prepared for roasting. Some very strange articles have been found In the chicken's craw, things that hava been accidentally dropped In the yard. lilt Maahera and Parsons. ' . Two Portland aldermen hava given the Oregon city the benefit of two unique ordinances. One Is called "the antl-maBh- ing ordinance," by the terms of which It Is preacher on his way to church at 7 o'clock Tuesday evening. The eggs struck him In such quantity that he was felled to the side walk, and while down he was kicked and . beaten until he was bleeding from gashes on his face, head and arms. He regained . his feet and ran three blocks to a' store. His attackers pursued him to the store door, pelting him with eggs. Sweeton later secured a bath and clean clothing. He preached a short and quiet sermon, mak ing no reference to the attack on him or to dancing women. Sweeton broke Into notoriety a few weeks' ago, when his wire accused him rubllcly It's gone, clean as a Whistle." The sergeant sent a man with Mr. Miller and, the two visited the erstwhile site of the Miller home. iThere was nothing there but a vacant lot. There were traces, how ever, which Indicated that the thieves had hitched horses to the dwelling and pulled it away, but the trail w.ia s:on lost and Mr. MIUit was offered a temporary bed in the police station, which he declined with thanks." A Stroke of Lack. He was a speculator, and for a year past nothing had been coming his way except "Some one told the story then and I re- uniawfui for any man t0 aecost any womtm of offering her J200 If sne would not fight expenses. Misfortunes never come by member that I thought It was great. So I determined that I would keep It In mind and tell It when I met you. "But the fact Is that, although I've tried laying tha tracks from here to the sea, man carpenter In Vienna a few weeks ago our bridge companies had surprised tha for tha sixteenth time, bringing to the English by putting up the steel viaduct across tha Atbara river in the Egyptian " . Sudan within a, much shorter time and far mora cheaply than tha best British builders could possibly do. Therefore, when tha British government asked for bid. for these Uganda bridges they sent tha plan, and specifications to the Brlt Ibh and to some of our American firms as well. The best British bids provides that the shops should have two or three years to make the steel work, and longer still to erect It In Africa. The American Brlgde company offered to complete the whole Job within .even months after the founda tions were laid, and that at a charge of 30 per ton, to be paid when all were In place and In working order. This price was about half that of the British esti mates and the 'time was less than one third that In which the eight bridges al ready constructed hsd been built, so the American company got the contract. It follow. "Well, I will; but you'll say now that it or girl on the street whom he does not know. Thd other Is even more unusual, providing that all scandal mongers ' shall be compelled to pay a license. Alderman Frank S. Bennett Is the author of the latter law, which Is Intended to cleanse the atmosphere of Portland of scandalous gossip. The ordinance defines a scandal monger as any person who In the presence of any gathering shall pub licly attack any public official or shall utter any false or scandalous words with Intent to injure or defame any other per- his suit for divorce. Sweeton is a Holiness preacher and his home Is in St. Louis. His remark in his Newburg sermon was: "Any woman who steps on a dancing floor Is an evil woman and not good enough for me." Steal a Fnrnlahed Ilonae, Gary, Ind., made Its strongest bid for fame since It was founded when the desk sergeant Inscribed on the prison station blotter recently the following record. Stolen Ona one-story frame house, com- themselves. One day his daughter In' formed him, In a cold and unfeeling man ner, that if he did not give her a diamond tiara worth at least a thousand she would elope with the coachman. "Come to my arms, my darling," he ex claimed, as the tears of Joy coursed down his wrinkled chocks; "come to my arms." "Do I get the tiara?'.' she asked, hesi tating ere she accepted his Invitation. "Of course not," he smiled, delightedly, "you get the coachman. I owe him nine months' wages!" Saturday Evening Post. View of a Gorgeous Church Function in Rome I TV I fct nil government done its part the work would hava been completed in the time spuMlted. Owing to delays of one kind or another It really consumed five months longer, but it was all done within tho space of one year, which was Just about half the time that the British contractors asked to gut their goods ready for shipment. How They Were Bnilt. Tha British were surprised at how easily nd quickly th Americans carried out their contract and how little they teemed to make of It. The civil engineer who was sent out to take charge of the con struction was little mors than boy. . lii name was A B. Luudur, and he had grad uated at Cornell university only a year or so before. In addition to him there . was a Pennsylvania muu named Jarrett who acted as supurliilenUik-nt of construc tion, aud about twenty bridge builders and foremen from different parts ot the United' States. These men arrived at Mombasa in December. Hot), and they had completed their 'work before the (olio wing Christmas. They acted merely as super intendents and faruy workmen. All the rough labor was dono by bast Indians and native Africans, furnished by the British. When the road was sti-rtrd the tiovern meiit planned to utm only Africans, but they found this Impossible, and therefore Imported a.(M coelles from India. These men came on contracts of from two to flv yvars. and their wage. war. from ti aluvasa. 01IE, Jan. 2. A public consis tory is undoubtedly one of tha most Imposing and gorgeous " functions of the Papal court and can be briefly described as follows; A special hall in tha last consistory, the Hall of Beautlfieatlons, which Is Biluu'.ed . over the vestibule of fct. Peter's, is deco rated (or the occasion. At one end rises the papal throne draped in purple velvet and with a valuuble piece of tapesuy hanging behind It. On euch side of the throne are the benches for tha cardinals, blshopa, pre lates and high functionaries ui ihu Papal court, and around it the tribunes fur the diplomatic corps, the Roman nobility, tho Knights ,tjf Malta, the gistinc choir and the public. Each tribune is guarded by a Swiss guard in full uniform, while painl troops line the walls. Tho pope, surrounded by his court, en ters ball, carried alolt on the ge3:a torial chair, and followed by all the car dinals, wiillo the choir sings the motetto "Tu es Petrua." When the pope is en throned he puts on the golden mitre und all tha cardinals, one by one, ga up to the throne and kiss his ring la sign ot obedience. Meanwhile tha newly elected cardinals are called In. Thty advance, to tha throne, make three genufluctlona. kiss first the pope's foot then his hand and afterisard exchange the - accolade or embraoe with the pontiff, who puts on their heads the beretta. Subsequently they exchange thti accolade with all their colleaguea When this ceremony Is over the new caidinals one by one go up to the throne, kneel down and tha pope, repeating tha usual formula, Imposes on each the red hat. The ceremony ends with the apos tolic blessing. , rattle's New Cathedral. 8t. James' cathedral, one or the (infst Roman Catholic church -buildings In the country, has Just beet, completed at Seat la. It cost KOOO.OoO and It is presided over by the Right Rev. Bishop O'Daa Of J ."V?" ' tZU1 "'rl I, iwi iigi M.li.i ,1 i. .,1 U-rifc--l;.)iill't t fln... fill l llWiM II li .rtW.M III UTIl r Jl - T ' 1 -n i - .jpj ' ln'i, mm I, I,,,, ..,, inn .in mi in.mi.imi i ', ,i ..mi -....AlKani . hi faiwWfc'hw. .m.i . n',., ...t Ana.. in . ii I m n iw.r .nniii n ..hi.! i . " -y- mm ii .... i..,wij nip, vt.rnmrjtr ii ymw tmmv v.r -. - - n TV- .f mt-m i . i w 1 V ,&Uj.---iKm 1 1 i i, mmiria i ' - ia'.t X'l !' ijwji-i.ii m T i i ''iitf 1 i n i i n ' im i 5113 UOLINESa THJS POPS bl'OVvUa THB REX HAT ON A CARDINAL AT A PUBLIC CON6I8T0RT. BRITISH EAST AFRICA. through such dust, hnil chnngfil from white to terra-cotta; and there whs a Venetian red spot where my heml had laid. Anions the Antelopra and T.ebraa. It is a strange 1 1 . i 1 1 to go to sleep In the woods and to awake finding yourself traveling over a high, treeless country, with ganre by tne thousand gamboling along the car tracks. We u.voke on the Kapltl plains, which are about a iiiilo above the sea and miles from Mom basa. These plains are of a black sandy loam and they are covered with a thick grass. .They look much llko Iowa, Kanwus or Nebraska did when the railroads were first built through them and when tiie buffaloes galloped along with the cars. The same conditions prevail here, save that the game Is of a half-dozen big kinds, and most of It Is such as you can see only in our soologlcal gardens at home. Ac cording to law no shooting mny be dona for a mils on each side of the track, and the road has become a great gamo pro serve two miles in - width and about 60 miles long. The anlmuls seem to know that they are safo when they aro near tha railroad and most of them are as quiet as our domestic beasts when in the fields. Let me give you some notes which I made with these wild animals on all Bides of me. I copy: These Kapltl plains are flat and I am riding through vast herds of antelopes and zebras. 8o:,ie of them are within pistol Bhot of tho cars. Theru are fifty-odd- zebraB feeding on the grass not 100 feet away. Their black and white stripes shine In the sunlight ond they are round, plump and beautiful. They ralso their heads as the train goes by and then continue their grazing. Further on we seo antelopes, some as big as a 2-year-old calf, and others the size of a goat. The little ones have horns almost a. long as their bodies. There is one variety which has a white patch on Its rump. This antelopa looks as though it had a baby's bib tied to its stubby tall or Had been splashed with a whitewash brush. Many of the antelopes are yellow or fawn colored; and some of the smaller ones are beautifully striped. Wild Gnna and Ostriches. Among the most curious animals to be seen are the gnus. As I write this there are some gulloplng along' with the train. They are gteut beasts as big as a mouse. with the horns' of a cow and tho inune and tall of a horse. They are sometimes called wllde-beeste; they make very good hunt ing. But, look, there ure some ostriches. The 'flock contains a dozen or more irds, which stand llko interrogation points away off there on the plain. They turn toward tho curs as we approach and then spread their wings and skim away at great speed. Giraffes are frequently seen. They are more timid than the antelope, however, and are by no means so brave as the sobras. We see more and more wild animals as we go onward. The whole region Is a zoological garden; and the beasts are so v protected that they ara fast Increasing in number. All hunting here must be done by licenses, and, as I shall show later, It costs $200 for the right to shoot a cer tain number of elephants and other big game. The only animals which one can kill without government permission are lions and leopards, and, the danger Is, that the lion or leopard, and not the man will do the killing. Telegraph Wire as Jewelry. Ona ot tha great troubles that tha Brit ish government had while building the Uganda railroad was to keep the natives from stealing the telegraph wires. The women use such wire as Jewelry. They bind It around the legs from the anklo to tho knee. They wrap it fi great colls cround their necks, and they make It Into round disks, which they tie to the lobes tt their ears. They steal all sorts of rail road bolts and nuts for personal ornamen tation, and brass win. and pieces of bronze are so much In demand thai they will pass current as money. All the way here I have seen natives loaded with wire of one kind or another. Some had little more than the wire on them, and the clothes of most were conspicuous by their absence. About the only cloth worn along the I'ganda road is small 'pieces of cotton. Some of the men wear breech chillis und some of t lie women have short skirts. Farther up the lino I understand they wear nothing, and at the terminal sta tions both men and women u about as uaked as when they were born. Some ttarer Jewelry. It Is wonderful how tiie people mutl lute themselves In order to be what they consider beautiful. The ears of many tit the women are punched like sieves, in order that they may hold rings of various kinds. At Vol I saw a girl with corks, each about as big around as my little fin ger, put through holes in the rims of her tars. She bad a great cork In each lobe, nd three above that in each ear. There 'as a man beside her who had two long ticks in his ears; and further up the road I saw ono who had so stretched tho lobe holes that a good sized tumbler could have been passed through the.n. Incie 1. I have a photograph of a man carrying k jam pot, In bis ear. As I write I can see an ebony African with a bras collar around bis necu and anklets on his legs. His only other gar ment Is a strip of calico about the loins. With him Is a man with a nose ring not unlike that we use to keep pig. from rooting; and further over is a giddy naked dandy who has three colls of gal vanized telephone wire In each ot his ara FRANK O. CARPENTER,