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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 27, 1908, Image 1

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IThb Omaha Daily Bee
VOL. XXX VI I-XO. 11)1.
I.u:h cf Fuiu- Into S:s:rve
Banks Ih: Feature of lb: Week.
Y. -I
K:r11j Her: Money in Si
Then is Fr:scnt Need Ir
Busine:s ihow s a T:ndncy to Slow
on New Investments. '
trata Trade v tagoaaf, hat ThT '
Are I la an ( a llrilnl, Which
i Vac af the .Mont K.n
rneraglag Fee tares.
M'.tV YOK l, Jan. Lti.-Thc feature of tlie
finaiieial action last week wan the con-
tinned rush of funds bark Into Hie reserve
id pcaitk of hunks. The returning flood of
money to rrpreves Mas perceptible in tlie
t..r ign money centers as well as here and
4 effective in forcing down official dis
count rates of the Hank of Km; I and. the
H;ink of France and the Impeilal Hank of
G'-rniany, ard IJie open market rates In all
1'intk-is. Notwithstanding this decline in
ti c attraction for money abroad tlie price
has risen strongly toward the rate at which j
experts of gold would be profitable. The
growing redunrancy of our own money
market has been responsible for Una ac
tion. Supplies have pressed upon the New York
loan market with Incrusing urgency, carry
tug tin rail loan rate down to almost nom
inal fignrca and reducing the Interest rates
on time loans to figures lower than were
enjoyed at tiny lime last year. The remain
ing Issue of New York clearing house loan
certificates has as a coneiuenca been go
ing Into rapid retirement. The rapid easing
of tlie money market has not been affected
by the notice of withdrawal of $10,000,000
nf government deporlts from New York
janka. partly because of the large current
leflcit In the government revenues, but
also by reason of the accumulation of funds
being more rapid than the demand to take
them up.
This Is made manifest by the heavy tide
of bank notes out of the clrulaUon of the
country, reflected In the current redemp
tion of these It-sues at the I'nlted States
treasury, and by the growing movement
on the part of the banks to retire them by
means of deposit of lawful money with the
l.'nlted Stales treasury. The Inferences are
plain that thn heavy Imports of J100.CW.O
of foreign gold and the rapid Issue of over
LTMMn.Om national bank notes which fol
lowed the runs on the banks last fall, to
say nothing of the various emergency to
sues of clearing bouse certificates, are now
proving redundant In the country's clreu-.
Intlon. k-'ueh a result is the Invariable se
a,uaju ef financial rsnlc.as soon as nor
mal coftdfUonit el. jxmfloratow 4n -hunks
begin to re-establish themselves. Tho de
velopment was forer-cen with such confi
dence that speculative operations In the
securities markets had been largely con
cluded In anticipation of the event. The
dlsnoHltlon to realize profits manifest last
week was. therefore, normal and to be ex
pected. . ..
Tu addition to this normal tendency
towards reaction there has been some re
newed Influence of depression In the con
templation of some of the after effects
cf the financial crisis now passed. The
weight and volume of the return flow cf
vfunds to banking reserves are, in them,
selves, eloquent of the contraction of the
heeds of the circulation and the shrinkage
In commercial and Industrial activity. Other
signs are abundantly sorroboratlve. De
crease of bank clearings are the rule the
country over. Railroad earnings have fallen
off to a degree that brings Into question
the rate of future distribution on securities
with contingent liabilities, while even fixed
liabilities are brought tnto the -.lass of
doubtful security In the case of some of
the weaker properties.
Iron Troda Dell.
Advh.es from the Iron and steel trade
show g condition of practical paralysis to
have ensued upon the financial crisis, al
though some moderate resumption Is re
ported to have occurred alnce. The report
to be published on Tuesday of this week
of the earnings of thn United States 8teel
corporation for the quarter ended Decem
ber SI ia awaited nevertheless with some
solicitude and the showing to be made for
the current quarter is also the subject of
anxious surmise.'
Notwithstanding the actual existence of
conditions Indicating ttate heavy contrac
tion of activities there la not lacking evt
di nee of hope In early Improvement. Tlie
Increasing abundance of money 'resources
Is looked to as an effective help t this
re ival. Tl'.e doubtful element on the side
cf the money situation la suggested by ths
continued disposition of large corporations
to flnmioe their requirements with abort
time obligations, on which also the Interest
ruts Is kept high, notwithstanding the ma
terial reduction of rates on ordinary loans.
The Implication of Impairment of credit for
purposes of corporation borrowing or of
unrelieved scarcity of capital supplies for
uk In fixed Investments makes one of the
coimervatlve Influences In the halting tend
ency which was the feature of the week
iu the markets.
iej of Cbrlatlaa cleaee tfcsreh
Urraplea ew lloase Pre
tare4 far Her.
I ON. t'KI. N. H . Jn- ai--Mrs. Mary
(i. Maker I"ldy, founder and head of the
rirsl Church of Christ. Scientist, today
left her home. Pleasant View. In thte city,
and by a circuitous routo In a special train
went to Chestnut 1UU. Brookllne. to a
house recently purchased by the Christian
Science denomination. Mrs. Eddy was ac
coinpsjiled by her jcvelary. Calvin A.
Frye, Archibald McLnnan. one of the
trustees for Mr. Eddy's property. Rev.
Irving C. Tomlinson. a Christian Uclence
reader" and a doaen other men and
Koinen of the Christian 8cler.ee belief.
Mrs. tddy left In a special train con
sisting of an engine and three cars over
the boston & Maine railroad. Her train
as preceded by a light engine and another
engine followed after a brief Interval.
Mrs. Kddy will lake up her residence in
liruoklilie permanently.-
etera Mpraa at Ptttsharg.
I'lTTUHlRG. !.. Jan. 2. A violent
'orm wnii niiuaual features (or the winter
reason swept over the citv tonight. There
were Vivid flashes of lichtnlng and heavv
ilitmder and fur a shoii tune rain fell In
sheets, while wind of terrific velocity
laged. The baroinettn preamirs waa ex
ceptionally h. 2.ll Incites. Indicating the
storm center la or aeax the city.
IOWA Fair Mumlay.
a. m...
a. m...
k. in ..
s n. m...
n. m. . .
It a. m...
11 a. in...
12 m
1 p. m...
2 p. m...
p. m...
i. n...
p. m...
p. m...
p. m...
p. m...
p. m...
ci- nil Tftlll
--"" I
First of NolrH Fnlf It to He Heard
at llnrrlxhars Thin
IIARF.ISBL KG. I'a., Jan. :.'. The first
of the thirty-seven criminal rutin ncainst
furmcr state officers, contractors and oth
ers connected Willi tlic building and fm
nlshlng of tho new state caritol of Penn
sylvania will bo brought to trial In the
Dauphin county court tomorrow bcfor
Judge Kunkel. The defendants in the suits
listed for trial first arc: Architect Joseph
M. Ilu.tton and Contractor John Sanderson,
Philadelphia: former Auditor General Wil
liam P. Snyder, Spring City; former Stale
Treasurer William I.. Matliuea of Media,
and James M. Shumakor, Johnstown,
former superintendent of public grounds
and buildings.
Tlie defendants are charged with con
spiracy to cheat and deftaud tlie state out
of HSj.fiPO by falsifying the weight and
measurements of certain furnishings sup
plied by Sanderson tinder his "per foot
and per pound contract with the Board of
Public Oroundn and Buildings. The prose
cution has selected five cases against these
defendants to be tried first.
T he suits against Congressman H. B.ird
Cassel of the Pennsylvania' Construction
company. Who supplied the metallic fur
niture for the capitol, and who Is undlr in
dictment on charges of conspirsey and false
pietenses, 'and the remaining eight defend
ants in these prosecutions will be tried
The prosecution will be conducted by At
torney General Todd, who will be assisted
by James Scailett, chief counsel for the
legislative committee which Investigated the
charges of fraud; Assistant Deputy At
torney General Cunningham, 8tate Senator
John K. Fox of Harrisburg and District At
torney Weiss.
The defense will be represented by lead
ing members of the Philadelphia bar. In
cluding A. S. I.. Shields. Samuel M. Clem
ents, Jr., former District Attorneys Gra
ham, Bell and Rothermel. and Charles H.
Bergner and Lyman D, Gilbert of Harris
burg, and W. 11. Hensel of Iancaster.
Tlie total coat, of tho capitol was S1S,
OCO.000. of which KOOO.OOO was expended
by the building commission for construc
tion and S2.nt)o,0o9 by the Board of Grounds
and Buildings for furnishings. Sanderson's
contract amounted to $6.487,S9S and his
profit in some Instances Is alleged to have
been as mych as 4.0o0 per rent. Huston
designed the capitol and the furnishings
and Tcemr " tn commissions more Mian
400.0f0. Shumakcr is accused of having
failed to audit the hills of Sanderson and
other contractors and with having accepted
Huston's certifications that the work was
according to sieclfieailons. Mathues Is
alleged to have paid the bills and Snyder
Is said to have passed the billa without
them having been audited In either case.
Birthday Observance of
Attracts Notable Assemblage
ct Capital.
BERLIN, Jan. 26. Half a hundred rep
resentatives of Germany's highest nobility
are here to take part In the celebration of
the emperor's birthday tomorrow. They
have taken up their quarters In various
hotels In the Inter den Linden diatrlct,
the palace being inadequate tu accommo
date them.
In tho streets where a fortnight ago
mounted police charged and sabered thous
ands clamoring fur manhood suffrage,
crowds today gathered to watch the equip
pages of princely persons and take off their
hats respectfully to the' sovereigns of
Baden, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Old
enburg and Schaumburg-Llppe, and the
regent of Brunswick, who were among
those who have come to congratulate the
Emperor William was saluted with more
than usual deference as he walked through
the Tlcrgarten early this forenoon. He has
so long been regarded In the public mind
as a youthful and Impulsive monarch that
It Is difficult to realise, one of the loyalist
newspapers in an article or appreciation
says, that he is entering upon the period
when he soon will be looked upon as ven
erable. The emperor Is beginning his fif
tieth year and near the close of the twen
tieth year of his reign. The sharp, unpleas
ant stories that used to ! related of him
rarely are heard now. Tlie references to
him now In private converbatlon have be
come kindly, and the younger generation
that is now growing up admires William II
as much as the old emperor was admired
by the older generation.
First Misaoarl District Instracts for
secretary First, l.aajt and
Every Ballot.
LANCASTER, Mo.. Jan. 2.-The repub
licans of the First congressional district
met here tndsy snd elected delegates to the
Chicago convention. Instructed to vote for
the nomination of Secretary William II.
Taft for president. This Is the first repub
lican district convention in Missouri to
elect delegates.
John E. Oillcland of New Cambria and
Edward P. Hpanglrr of Kohoka were
chosvii as delegates. A. W. Sellaway of
Wllllamalown and Joseph C. Jones of Mem
phis were named as alternates and John
8. New lands of Lewiston as presidential
The resolution Instructs the delegates to
vote for the nomination of Secretary Taft
"on the first, last and every ballot "
MOTxmsrrs or ocxaji STXA.aMsr.rra.
Port Arrives.
NKW YORK Asirlks
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MKW YORK Campania,....
NKW YOKIt ....llla
KCW YOKK Patarakius ..
MT.W TOklt Laura
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. ... a laaatanaa.
.... Naw lark
.... kasubltc.
KOI.T0N aaala
(IK'-H'Nt ....
NFMlNt .
son Krat ...
MOViUJs .-...
Kata. at Irau
La faiait
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au raul
mnKCAsr for
Lon Stewart's Eventful Thirty-One
Tear in Service of Senate.
t Tun Men, Anttolnted Before
Mrnarl, ?( IloM a Place
la rrrmnnrl of firmilr
(Krnin a Ptaff Correspondent.)
ilolMnuiu.l.- JBll. .a-u-?mii.r-
Al-mo ll. gtewart. nn of Colonel Gordon
A. Hlewwrl. fnnnerlv of Dca Mninen. cele
brated hist week his thirty-first year in
continuous service of the senate of the
1'nited Stairs. Thirty-one years In the em
ploy of the senate Is a long time, particu
larly when one recalls the changes that
hae taken place In the personnel of that
Ixidy In thirty years. Stewart la ante
dated by only two .men. Colonel R. R.
Nixon, the financial clerk of the senate,
and Mr. RIcharcNs, In charge of the sta
tionery room of tlie senate, these men hsv
ing served nearly or aultc forty years.
Beginning as a page. "Ixn" Stewart, as
he is known throughout the capltnl, grad
ually worked himself Into the good graces
of the senators until he now holds the po
sition of deputy sergeant-at-arms and the
republican "whip." He enjoys the confi
dence of tlie leaders and haa demonstrated
admirable fitness for the responsible posi
tion he now holds, t'nder tlie advice of
his uncle. Colonel C. II. Hatch, for a long
time a leading member of the bar of Des
Moines, he studied law and graduated from
the law department of the George Washing
ton university. Stewart Is an Iowa boy.
Intensely proud of the commonwealth;
proud of hr great statesmen Bnd proud of
her history. His ambition Is to own a
little farm in Iowa, where he hopes to
end his days among the scenes of his boy
hood. Ferrer Democrats Attend.
Kdwin Sefton, assistant secretary of the
national democratic committee, has taken
occasion to hunt up the recorda of the last
five meetings of the national committees
to select the time and place for holding
national conventions. These meetings were
held In Washington and it Is Interesting, If
not Instructive, to note how the attend
ance of members of the committee haa
fallen off. January 21, 1S92. the national
democratic committee, composed of forty
nine membere. met at the Arlington. Of
this number thirty-four members were
present and fifteen were represented by
proxy. In 189S the committee met In Wash
ington with thirty-three members present,
one absentee, and seventeen proxies.
The campaign of 1900 was inaugurated
by(the meeting of the national democratic
committee in February of that year to se
lect time and place for the national con
vention. This meeting was attended by
thirty-eight members and twelve proxies.
In 1904 there were thirty-five out of flfty-
Jwo members present with sixteen proxies
and one vacancy, that of Hawaii. But
the meeting in December last reached the
high, water mark for absenteeism, there
being but twenty-two members of the com
mittee prescjir, twenty-three proxies TWmg
voted. -
Canaoa I.Ike Llaenls.
"Cncle Joe" Cannon's carefully prepared
speech at the National Board of Trade ban
quet. Wednesday evening, upon the growth
of the commerce of the United States, was
accorded an enthulastlc reception at the
hands of the commercial Interests repre
sented there. Spesker Cannon, who. ac-
to nearly
i "O 0""""'- wa8 largely reminiscent, and his
i r. a.i a masterly presentation nf
conditions existing at present and Intensely
optimistic as to tly future.
Personally, "Uncle Joe" Cannon is of the
rons-h diamond order. Of stalwart frame
and rugged features, he goes plowing along
through the world much as a lumbering
horse would do. Blunt of speech in most
things, he can at times become confidential.
When he wants to get right down under
tlie skin of a fellow man he has a fashion
of poking the butt end of a half consumed
cigar Into the ear of the man he Is talking
to. but barring that little mannerism he
ts all right. Those with whom "Uncle Joe"
Is on terms of friendship (and the number
ts legion) like him Immensely. He Is loaded
to the guards with a quality known as
"horse sense." and Is approachable to an
unusual degree. If he lived a thousand
years he would not get a swelled head or
grow exclusive. He Is not built that way.
More than any other man in public life
Speaker Cannon reminds one of Abraham
Lincoln. He la full of homely phrases ani
his head is crowded with information.
"In all your experience," Speaker Cannon
was asked the other day, "did anybody
ever make a cold-blooded proposition to
bribe you for a cash consideration or its
"Only Once," Says Caaaaa.
'To be honest, I will say that in my
nearly twenty yeara on the committee on
appropriations I never had but one experi
ence Of the sort you suggest," was the
reply. And then the veteran remarked: "I
will not say that I do not like money or
that I would not make money by any
legitimate means, but It is my pride and
glory that no man lives who can truthfully
say that he owns Joe Cannon. The repre
sentative of a very powerful institution
once came to me with an offer that was
equivalent to possibly (260.000. He wanted
to buy me for that, sum. I showed him
out of my committee room and I will say
that the concern he represented did well
in withdrawing him from the Washington
field. Not that I do not want $50,000 or a
SIOO.OQO or $a0,00s, but I figured that if I
took a bribe I would have to live ever
afterwards with a thief and a scoundrel.
Now I only have one life to live and I do
not want to spend the remainder of my
days In the society of a tblef. Neither
will I permit myself the punishment of
association with a man who la the slave
of another man and the official who sells
himself to another Is owned body and sou
by that man. Selflih motives alone would
keep me honest,"
Passle $ DIstlBgwlah Woods.
It la doubtful If any of the laboratories
maintained by the government for scien
tific research are mora unique in character,
and yet promise of more Important results,
than one which has Just been established
in Washington by the United States forest
service for Investigating the structure of
commerclajly Important woods.
Laymen will not understand the signific
ance of the proposed tnveatlgatlona carried
on in this laboratory so quirky as archi
tects, builders and other wood users, who
In these days of growing scarcity of the
more valuable woods are eertously per
plexed la Identifying substitutes. Mistakes
of this kaid In Identification have. In the
last few years, in several Inetanoea. meant
the lues of thouaanda of dollars and many
embarraaaing law suits.
Nearly any user of lumber can reoogaise.
(Continued aa Seoond fags.)
eteraaa In rl'1 Mth tls
trlrls Are Rewarded hr I arl
Mm for Their er vires.
t From a Staff Correspondent
WASHINGTON. Jan- '-' tSpe-iaU
Vmsies-smaii Hlnshaw his hern advised
'V Commissioner of Pensions Vesposlan
Warner of the Issuance of pensions to
the following pTiwi-is residing In his dis
trlct: csr K. Binhop. P.lue Springs; Horace
Clrcenwood. Wymore; Peter J. Stevenson
imvid City; Samuel P. Cox. Wymore;
Klllott I'. Allrr. Crete.. John F. Hntie.
man. Rradshaw. anil jasper Aaiumn.
York. $12 each. Mron . Barber. Hiroms-
hurg, and William W. Ramsclell. Kxetcr.
$15 each. Uriah U Nichols. Beaver Cross-
Ing. and I rish H. Henderson. Aurora, $-')
each. Mrs. Mnty Overman. Western. $;
Robert James, York; Albert Venntim, Kxe
ter; Joseph Kills. Beaver Crossing;
Charle Krause. Byron: ,!'.njamln C. KI1
kins, Exeter: Kellogg C. Bartlett. O-tccola;
Charles F. Mullg. Waco; Daniel Thomas,
Wymore, $1i each. Jesse O. Payne. Uush
ton; John WINon. York: William Krause,
Adams: George S. Beers. Reaver Cross
ing, SIS each. William Uwmm. Ash
land; John Knohhs. feward; William Ber
gtn.. Kxeter; ' Stephen P. Ross, ' Falrbury;
Louis Neals. Milford. SI" each.
The commissioner of pensions hui no
tified Congressman Klnkald that pensions
have been granted to tlie following vet
erans residing In the Sixth congressional
Albert M. Bristol, King; Thomas Inks,
Kearney; Philander Wymore, Kearney;
George C. Ray, Kearney; George T. Mal
com, Callaway: Freeman Merryman,
Kearney; Francis A. tXimstock. Bayard;
Jacob rUauffer. Coxad: Amasiith Warnc,
St. Paul: Orlando Llbby. Bartlett; Klmer
S. Bailey. Ballagh; OtU Iong. Scottvllw;
Lyman 7.. Iotspelch. Bingham; George
Falmer, Pullman; Francis M. Stumble,
Lynch; William A. Stanley, Ijimaj; Henry
E. Ware. Lexington, and Joel . Rhoads,
Stuart, all at the rate of J2.prr month;
Newton Clark. Brady; Jonathan Kilsworth,
Hyannls; John H. Mills. Whitney; John
F. Williams. Kricson; John Wh-kham.
Kearney; John Brldwell. Scotia; William H.
Porter, Gross; Jacob Stelnman. Ansley,
and Patrick H. Burke, Hough, $15 a month
each: Gllderoy M. Hardy, Rushvlile; Wil
liam Rellly, St. Paul: Jacob J. Meyers,
North Platte; August Miller, Arnold: John
A. Points, Ansley; Hanford N. Smith, St.
Paul, and Robert W. Shaffer", Comstock,
$20 a month each.
The original claim for pension of James
F. Kellogg, Wood Lake, has been allowed
at the rate Af $ from September, 1S01,
and $8 fronr December, 1(105.
Gus Larson obtains a pension of $S from
June 23, 1902. and $12 from November ti,
Under the act of June 27, 1890, Clara M.,
widow of George T. Cole of Emmett, Neb.,
secures a pension of S from January 6,
1905, and $2 additional for a minor child.
Great rroarreso "Made Daring Nine
Tears of American Rnle In i
the Islands.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 2. Nine years after
the battle of Manila bay, Secretary Taft
records trie results of tiJaAmcrtaan occupa
tion of the archipelago and forecasts the
future of the Filipinos, in an exhaustive
report transmitted to ccngreas by the pres
ident. with a letter written by the chief
executive, commending in the highest terms
the secretary's conclusions. The president
declares that ruin would have followed the
adoption of any other policy towards the
Philippines than that outlined by William
McKlnley and carried forward througii
these nine years, and asserts triumphantly
that there Is no brighter page In history
than that dealing with the relations be
tween tho strong and the weak In those
Islands. He adds that the Filipinos "have
yet a long way to travel before they will
be fit for complete self-government."
Secretary Taft's report records his ob
starvations on his recent visit to the islands
to the extent of nearly eighty printed pages.
Generally speaking, the secretary is opti
mistic in a high degree In treating of this
subject, even Chough he cannot fix a time
for declaring the independence of the is
lands. In answer to the critics who have
made "the most astounding and unfair
statements In respect to the cost to the
United States of the Philippines," he fig
ures out a total annual expenditure of $6,
000.000 and he vigorously denies the failure
of the Philippine policy. He says that
great changes have occurred In the Islands.
The people are now anxious to have thu
American soldiers retained. There is a high
standard of administration of Justice. Nolh
ing ts more popular than the constabulary.
There are no questions between the gov
eminent and the Roman Catholic church.
unless tho Agllpyan schism can be aald to
be Involved. Peace prevails In a greater
degree than ever before in the history of
the islands. The magnificent Benguet road
is now Justified by the results obtained.
The secretary is willing to limit the
amount of sugar and tobacco that can be
exporteS to the United States. He predicts
a development of business with twenty-five
years that will make the Filipinos them
selves stand high in the world's industrial
populations. His recommendations are that
Philippine products be admitted Into tho
I nited Stales free of duty and under
reasonable limitations; that present restric
tions be removed on the acquisition of min
ing property; that the Pliiliplne govern
ment be authorised to conduct an agricul
tural bank, and finally, that the islands
be exempted from the operations of ths
coastwise shipping laws.
atloaal Baak of Xorth America
Isakl to Withstand
NEW YORK. Jan. 36President W. F
Havemeyer of the National Bank of North
America announced In a statement Issued
tonight that the directors of the bank had
decided to request the comptroller of the
currency to assume charge of the affairs of
the Institution.
President Havemeyer said that owing to
persistent rumors afloat for the last ten
days, there had been a continuous drain
on the resources of the Institution and
the Indications, were that the withdrawals
would be so heavy tomorrow that the bank
would be unable to meet them. President
Havemeyer said that action placing the af
fairs of the bank under tlie charge of the
comptroller of the currency had been taken
to Insure that all depositors would be
treated alike.
Oraaae I ros at Keeejrd Breaker.
8AN FRANCISCO. Cel.. Jan. The
orange harvest of California, now In fulj
season. In quantity and quality promises
to break all records. The fruit exchanges
of the state eatimate that the total output
of oraagea will roach the enormous sum
of .Su, car luada. About LOOMuO boxes, or
l.JM.A0DU orange. The harvest wtU last
continually until July
No Effective Opposition to Him is Yet
Visible in Nebraska.
Realaelna Made for rlaht for Van.
reaatonal domination la Fourth
District Retweea Aldrlrh
and lllsishaw.
Tho panic's! calendar 1n Nebraska is
gradually shaping up far as the fixed
stars are concerned. The democratic and
roou'ist state committees, in cilllng their
state conventions for Omaba on March 5.
put all the dlstrlir cor vintlons In the sair"
pocket, so that the delegations to ihelr
national conventions will be made tip com
plete all at the same time and place. The
republican state committee called the state
convention for Omaha on March 1?. but
left It to the various congressional com
mittees to determine the time and place
of meeting for the district convention In
each district. So far four of these district
republican conventions have a'ready been
called, as follows':
First district. March 5. t Lincoln.
Second district, March 12, at Omslta.
Third district. March 10. at Norfoilr.
Fourth district. March 4. at Wllher.
The calls for the Fifth snd Sixth district
conventions nave nni yet ni-en ikuco, out
It Is understood that the committees have
been summoned and arrangements have
been perfected.
Notwithstanding all the agitation and
cogitation over direct primaries to give the
rank and file a chance to speak out. no
primaries have yet been held or called In
any county In Nebraska, so far as Is known
by either the republicans or the democrats.
One county has xlrearty selected its dele
gates to the republican state con vent lop
hrough Its rounty committee, and one or
wo, other republican county committee
have decided to cull caucuses of the old
style, and the caucus plan will probably
be followed in Douglas county. It ts as
sumed that the factional rivalry in iJin
caster county will force a primary there,
but outside of this there scorns to be no
where any substantial number of repub
licans crying for a presidential preference
primary out of fear that their wishes may
be ruthlessly trampled on. On the con
trary, the overwhelming republican senti
ment throughout the state is plainly for
Taft. and with all the leaders recorded
for the war secretary the rank and file
seem satisfied that Nebraska Is going to
send a Taft delegation to Chicago made
up of creditable representatives of the
party and that la Just what they want
On the other sldo, while the democratic
call pretends to provide" for the selection
of delegates by primary election In any
county where fifty democrats pell'0" fr
such a primary, no such petitions have
been sighted In circulation anywhere, and
the primary provision promises to be
dead letter so far as the democrats are
concerned. As to populists, there are not
enough of them In the whole state to tpake
a respclblev primary In ton jeounUea,,
The political skirmish going on in Wash
ngton over the Internal revenue collector-
ship Is detracting attention irom nomo
politics because It Is oxpecterr m nne
more or less influence upon the final lineup
for members of the national convention
delegation. The transfer of the appoint
ing- power from the senators v me con
gressional delegation seems to have ac
centuated anew the old north and south
Platte geographical division or the slate
and factors are also entering Into (t In
connection with the candidacies of the
different congressmen for re-election this
In the Third district, for example, con
gressman Boyd is said to be lined up tor
Ross Hammond, although itammona
against him for the consresslonal nomina
tion two years ago. This Is tanen 10 mean
that If ex-Congressman McCarthy goes
after Royd again he will next Mme find
Hammond and his friends against nini
instead of with lilm.
In the Fourth district the promise ot a
hot primary fight for congressional nomina
tions is already assured, senator aju
rlch's entrance into the arena is backed
up by the Ulysses Dispatch, as follows:
Senator Aldrlch s candidacy ior congna.
appears to be on the boom, and It ts oppor
tune. Mr. Hlnshaw has been elected to
n.m three times p" minated four
limes, and unless wiiuin man. m"" , ,
gressman Has .a.iown ti...
guislied ability and has won for himself a
national reputation or performed some sig
nal service, mere is no goou i ..
keeping him there for life. He should step
down and out and his place filled by an
abler and more aggressive man. No gnaur
qquestions .since the reconstruction period
have been Deiore our national icID1,ul
than la presented in corporation control
and hanking and currency reform, and
Hinshaw has utterly failed to stamp Ina
personality as a reform fighter for any of
the great problems pressing for an Immedi
ate solution. In the mstter of corporation
regulation Senator Aldrlch is a deep stu
dent and ripe scholar, snd hi personal
views on these subjects are in line with the
best Interests of the people. In framing
the railroad commission bill and the Aid
rich freight rate bill, he did a great deal
of hard work, and exhibited a great capac
ity for painstaking care and Industry, and
technical knowlndge of the subject that ia
little short of remarkable. He took a lead
ing and aggresalve part In the S-cent fare
bill the pure food bill and primary election
bill. ' Aldrlch is frank and oubspoken and
never shirks responsibility, and is in the
prime of life, healthy and athletic. A meas
ure to which he devoted much attention
and a great deal of labor was the bill to
prevent the watering of corporation stock,
but It was defeated in the house by a nar
row margin. The ideas expressed In this
measure are entirely similar to a measure
since recommended by President Roosevelt
and the Interstate Commerce Commission.
Without regard to politics the services of
Mr. Aldrlch are worth a good deal to the
people and they should realise It. His nat
ural abilities have been developed and pol
ished by a university education, and his
election would be productive of much good
to the people as a whole.
That Congressman Hlnshaw la not going
to give up without another trial is also
apparent, the following being a sample of
the argument put up for him by the Crete
We can oee no reason why the excellent
servlcesN of Congresxman Hinshaw should
be dispensed with. The Vidette-Herald for
years haa bald to the theory that the atate
could ill afford to replace its members In
congress every year or two with new mem
he ra. Mr. Hlnshaw is now the en lor con
gressman from Nebraska In point of time
served. He ts an untiring worker and no
congressman from Nebraaka tries harder
to get the sentiment of bts constituents and
formulate than aenllmaiiLa Into law. He
hrmn at the bottom of the ladder, and by
faithful service and long experience haa
forged himself to tlie uppermost rounds on
important committees. A new member
would be placed at ine tau-ena ot coin
miltees and it would take several years
before he would learn the ropea and at
tain the influential position now held by
our worthy congreaanian.
If Mayor Dahlman of Omaha la out of
the race for the democratic nomination for
governor, there are algns that another dom
oc ratio mayor. Mayor Brown of Lincolu.
may be puahed Into It. The Kearney Dent
ocrat gives utterance to an unconditional
(Onotiauad va stoouod
I. It tie Mhl: rf t.lven n Wnrm W el
rome nt the onlhrrn
Bl'KNOR AVni-:5. Jan. -V A t tended by
a division of Argentine torp"ln boats. Ih
American lori-edo boat flotilla .which 1"lt
r-i'i Janeiro January 21. entered the port
of Dueiios Ayrrs at ...Vo this morning, ti"'
arrival belnu ttlmcsj-cd by a great crowd
of rprctatois. A few minutes later t'om
nuinder Moreno of tlie ministry of maittie
went nh-piird the Whipple an 1 welcomed the
Ami rli iin offl. ers in behalf of tlie gnvcrn-
I ment of the Argentine republic The entire
I extent of the puhl'c ducks, where berths
I bud been prepared for the visiting flcrt.
was l ncd by detachments of marines and
prefect uic K'l.irds.
Almost p to tlie moment of entering port
the weather had been extremely stormy,
but It gradually cleared and brought In
creased numbers of spectators down In
the harbor to give sib-nt but hearty wel
come to the Anierlrnn suitors. On enterini;
the basin one of the toes which had tile
torpedo boats in tow was cast off, leaving
the lug Enrlquetta to conJiut tlie Whipple
to Its moorings.
Lieutenant Cone, rommander of the flo
tilla, was greatly pleased with the hearty
re-option. He said that but for the fog
wh'eh delayed the little vessels about twelve
j hours outside Rio Janeiro, the 'passage to
Buenos Ay res had been fine. The Amerl-
cans were met by the Argentine flotilla
off Flores island yesterday afternoon Ht
2:."o. The welcoiiinj fleet saluted and
steamed around the flotilla and for half
an hour litem was warm exchange of
greetings. Commander Cone subsequently
boarded tlie Argentine flagship and tlie trip
to this port was continued. The torpedo
boats anchored In the roads shortly after
midnight and came tip to the dock as curly
as possible.
Every boat In the American flotilla Is In
excellent condition and made the passago
hero without a hitch. The boats will ro
niain here until Thursday morning, when
they will steam for Sandy Point, In the
Magellan strait, to Join the battleship fleet.
A number of entertainments have been ar
ranged In honor of the visitors, which In
clude excursions to Interesting points, a
banquet to lie given by the minister cf
marine and receptions by the president of
the republic anil tho Naval club. These will
take up Monday and Tuesday, and on
Wednesday there will be a reception at the
American legation and a number of pri
vate parties.
All of the men on tlie flotilla are In
good health.
It is expected that the Argentine squad
ron, which has been ordered to meet ihe
American battleships and escort them down
the coast, will come into communication
with the Atlantic fleet about 125 miles out
from Cape Corrlentes, probably early to
morrow morning. 1
hlpa Entering; Port Badly Bnttered
and Bring: Talea of Disaster
on tho gran.
NEW YORK. Jan. 36.-Tales of a ship
wreck at wa and possible loss of life sre
the echoes of the recent severe storm that
were brought to port today by belated and
tempest-tossed steamships.
Fears that, an unidentified three-masted
schooner, with Its crew, have been loHsed
In the storm off tlie Delaware capes are
expressed by officers of the steamer Manna
Hata. which limped Into harbor today from
Baltimore. The schooner waa seen strug
gling In tho trough of the sea off Delaware
capes and when the Manna Hata, which
had been blown off Its course, neared tho
locality where the schooner was last sighted
riding out tho storm, many pieces of s
wrecked ve3scl and quantities of railroad
ties were seen floating In the water.
The Italian steamer San Giovanni reached
here today with Captain H. V. Morse and
the crew of five of theloil barge Matanzas,
which, with two other barges, the Full
River and the Grafton, In tow of the tug
Concord, from Philadelphia for Boston,
broke adrift during the storm and for hours
was at the mercy of the. waves, which
wrenched off the rudder and opened Its
seams. Tlie Matanxas was filling rapidly
when the Italian merchantman hove In
sight and rescued Captain Morse and his
crew. The barges Fall River and Grafton
are still missing.
The battered superstructure of transat
lantic liners arriving today .was mute evi
dence of the assaults of the seas encount
ered in the storm, while incoming vessels
In the coastwise and lesser trades all re
port incessant battles with waves that
kept decks in a smother of spume and
spendrlft and knocked angrily at bat-
toned hatches.
The French liner La Touraine came 'nto
port today from Havre with a badly dented
ventilator, while the White Star steamship
Georgia, from Liverpool, showed the ef
fects of the voyage. Captain Thomas Kid
well of the Georgia died from pneumonia
during the voyage. The body was buried
at sea. William Hug. the chief officer.
brought the Georgia to New York.
Mitchell People Par la Money to
Liquidate Debt on the
MITCH ELI a D.. Jan. 26. (Special Tel
egram.) This has been a big day for the
Methodists of Mitchell. Tlie new church
was dedicated midst a wave of generous
contributions from the church proper down
through the various departments In the
Epworth and Junior leagunes and the Bun
day School classes. The morning service
was begun at :30. and over 1,000 people
were In the magnificent house of worship
when the services begun. Joseph Powell
of Buffalo, N. Y., waa secured to conduct
the services and to raise the necessary
amount of money with which te care for
the Indebtedness on the structure, which,
however, will not be entirely finished for
about six week. The work was carried
on this morning in an enthulastlc manner
with the assistance of 100 members In se
curing pledges, and the same work was
done during- the afternoon In the Sunday
school session, when the children plegded
a large sum on the work. The structure
Is without doubt the finost Methodist
church in the state and haa a seating
capacity of 1.250. A eholr of thirty voices
furnished the music today.
Aaka Heavy Daataara on (barge
Ofajrlale Arc Interfering
with Haalneaa,
MAKION. 111. Jan. M-lt was learned
hero tonight that the Illinois Central Kail
road company lias entered suit against the
town of Hcrrln, this couuty. for $7o0,0oo. on
the grounds of interfering with traffic. A
Herrin police magistrate recently assessed,
a fine against tha railroad for shipping
Into the place beer and aiiUky after the
territory had becoma anti-saloon.
Urges Indeterminate Stntenccs B?fre
Conference of Charities.
Amendment to Constitution Necessary,
but Governor Believes it Riyht.
President of National Federation of
Woman's Clnbs at Session.
F.lctrath tnnaal Session of Yfhrk
Conference of I'harltles and lor.
Tertian V. Ill Have Three
Hat' Prsslon.
Indetetm'raie sentences for those con
victed nf crime were recommended by Gov.
ernor George L. Sheldon In his address be
for the Nebraska Conference of Charities
and Correction, which opened at th First
Methodist church Sunday afternoon.
"One thine which lias Impressed me since
these penal institutions have come Inti
mately under my eye Is that under our
present system entire Justice Is not being
done our convicts," said the governor. "A
man may be tried for a certain crime ami
may get a sentence nf one, three, five ot
more years' under exactly the satno condi
tions, dependent only upon the tempermcnt
of the Judire.
"The Indetcrnilnute sentence would rotta
dy tljs. It would be necessary to hava
a state board of pardons, which should
examine Into the merits of cases and make
pardons when it was apparent tht a man
had served enough time for punishment
and was likely to lead a good life if re
leased. A constitutional amendment would
be required to bring this about. Hut I
believe It would be the means of doing
greater Justice to this class of men."
i Three Interesting addresses and soma
good music marked tho first session. Gov
ernor Sheldon's train was late, but he ar
rived In time to preside over most of the
metelng. Father Joseph Reusing, president
of the conference, was detained at his home
in West Point by Illness. His place on tha
program was taken by 8. P. Morris of tha
Associated Charities.
Mrs. Decker's Plea.
Mrs. Sarah S. Piatt Decker, president of
the National Fed oral ion of Women' Cluba, ,
was the first speaker. Her address. "Civil
Service or the Merit System In State In
stitutions," was a plea for replacing the
old-tlmo "spoils aytem" with tha "merit
sytem." She drew Illustrations from a long
experience on the Colorado State Board of
Charities and Correction or the evils of
allowing political preferment to Influence
appointments to places in the Institutions
conducted by tho slate. .
"These Institutions are for three tlasses
of people." said Mrs. Decker. "Tbey are
for the dependent, the defect ve and the de
linquent. These classes arr all subnormal
In some respect and it Is the duty of the
state to provide for them the very best
relief or correction In Its power.
'It is not right thst a man shall bo given
a responsible position in an institution
merely because hclias been active and use
ful at the election which resulted In placing
the party In power.
"Tho beat rule to follow is that rule which
the French have epitomized In two words,
'noblesse oblige." position makes service
obligatory. Those who are strong must
bear the Infirmities of the weak. We must
help the dependent, defective and delin
quent by the best means In our power,"
Governor Sheldon arrived during Mrs.
Decker's address and Indorsed what she
said. He praised the Institutions of Ne
braaka, as compared with institutions of
other slates which ho has visited. Ho
praised the work along theae lines being
done by the women's clubs of tlie country.
Governor's Endorsement.
"There ts no doubt that merit and fit
ness should be the first requisite Ot, men
appointed to positions In state Institu
tions. However, parties will always exist
In the land and It Is likely there will al
ways be enough good people In every
party to fill properly these positions In
statu Institutions."
Alexander Johnson of New York, gen
eral secretary of the National Conference
of Charities and Correction, spoke on "Re
lations of Municipal Qovornmcnt to tha
Problems of Religion and Charity."
"The objective of charity haa changed
vastly In recent years," said Mr, John
son. "Formerly mere giving to the beg
gar was considered charity. Later ef
forts were made to Improve the character
of the individual. Today we go behind the
individual character and try to Improve
the social causes which have made the
individual what he is.
"Modern charity la proceeding along
three great lines toward this end at pres
ent. It- Is fighting three great evils,
tuberculosis, child labor and Improper
housing of the pour,
"What Is the relation of the municipal
ity to these great charity movements? A
city is an organism made up of living
units or 'cells,' as the scientists say. The
body Is made up of cells, but they are not
Individually living. Just aa the entire
body may be permeated by the poisoning
of a few of Its thousands of cells, so the
entire city is contaminated by tbe poison
ing of a few of Its Individuals.
Need of Esarleary.
"Efficiency M the chief desideratum la
the men at the head of our municipalities.
They must be men able and willing to
work fur the good of the city. The good
of the city does not mean ths commercial -or
financial supremacy at thr. cost of
physical, mental and moral contamination.
True prosperity depends on the average
of cltlsenshlp, the average In hea.th. In
happiness. In intelligence.
"The municipal organisation Is tha bands
of the people. Whea those hands do not
do what you want you can cut them tff.
Do vu do It? Do you know how to cut
them off?
"Pure water, good sewerage, pure milk
pure food, playgrounds for children, taeee
are some of the things the right kind eC
! secure' fUa'UaeVa."111 "
Tbe opening prayer waa offered by Re.
T- J. Markay. Miss Purr sang a soprani)
so'.u. "Like as tbe Hart lslreth." and
J. F. Barton sang a baas solo, "Though
Faithless Men."
Program for Today.
The sessions of the confrrruce todsy sad
tomorrow will bo In Id In lite ball room of
the Koine hotel, tbe program for Monday
being as follows:
9 ns Enrollment of delegates.
S 10- business. Appointment af eom
niltters 10. w-President's address. . Key. Joseph

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