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African Steamships Which Make Trips Around the Black Continent (Copyright, by Frank O. Carpenter.) 4?m.GTON. Dec, !L FpeclRl t rl Correspondence or tm bw.h Vw I Few people realize the enor- I 4.nt ftf lha V N BAR ' u ua atti f mu. stsamshlp travel about Africa. All of our greet Atlantic liners row have ships which leave New Tor regularly (or the Mediterranean, and not a few of these rail at Algeria and have branch lines to Ervpt. There are rffiilar sailings to Euro, from every African port, and there ia a cootlnuoua line of vessels stretched like a necklace of beads about the blnrk continent. 1 wint from New Tork to Morocco on one of the hi steamers of the North Ger man Lloyd, which In eight days landed me at the ft rait of Gibraltar. We passed by the Azores, almost touched Spain, and, In coming Into port, could see the heights cf Africa over the way. I crossed the et rait in a launch to Tanirlers, which Is only a few miles distant, and then coasted the northern shores of the Mediterranean sea. Including Algeria, Tunisia and Tripoli. After leaving the land of the Kile. I took a ahlp through the Sues canal and then went down the 1.400 mllea which com prise the length of the Red sea. going out through Eab-el-Mande b to Aden, In south ern Arabia. From that port I had one of the steamers of the Indian ocean to carry me around the Great Horn of East Africa, and I went on other eteamera southward along the east coart. pausing through the Mozambique channel to Belra, In Portu guese Enut Africa. From Cape Town I Journeyed up the went coast of the conti nent to the Madeira Islands, not far from Gibraltar, where I started In. and thence went on to Southampton and home to New Yorlt. It will thus be aeen that I hare circumnavigated the continent. I have gone over the routes of the early Phoenlciana, who "were Bent around Africa about 600 B. C. by an Egyptian king, as described by Herodotus, and have touched nearly all the places that Vasca de Gama and Bartholomew Diaz discovered at about the time that Columbus came across the At lantic and found our new world. Bin- steamships te the Cap. There are now a half dozen lines of steamers plying between England and the Cape of Good Hope. They make the voy age In from seventeen to twenty-three days and there are other and slower ves sels which, stopping at the various ports, are a month or so on the way. Some of these ships go down the east coast by way of the Sues canal and some sail back and forth by the west coast alone. Then there are ships which go to ths Cape of Good Hope on their way to Australia, steamers which sail that way for India, and other lines which make the trip around the continent, starting In at ons slue and coming back by the other and vice versa. The fare from London to Cape Town ranges from 1120 to $260 and there are seo-ond-class ra'.es by which one can go as cheaply to Cape Town as ha can travel first-claw fare from Now Tork to Liver pool. The vessel upon which I cams from the Cape of Oood Hops to England was one of the big mall steamers of the Union Castle line. It was the Saxon, a vessel of over 12,000 tons. We mads ths trip tn Just seventeen days and were landed at South ampton at the very hour we were told we would reach there before leaving. The Tralota Castle Lla. The Union Castle line Is one of the oldest of the African steamship companies. As the Union line, which was founded fifty five years ago. It sent the first steam ves sels regularly to South Africa. There were only two of ths company's ships which ; - - V It ' , , 1 A . J-t-wVr .""Tf '17-V, fH4 V r - If" : - ' . ..a, J- .... . , ff affAa&atf -Lia ' Lrwaikl . I ll V1W , , s,ll.Us-egs.Wl ts, fl BIO AFRICAN LJlfER AT THE DOCK AT DURBAN. EMBARKING FOR ENGLAND ON A MAIL. STEAMER JfT CAPTB TOWN. There Is a bucket at ths end of each row. In this game three girls can contest at one time. Each takes a row and attempts to gather her potatoes more quickly than the others. The potatoes can be picked up only one at a time, and all must go Into the bucket at the end of ths row. The one who finishes first, getting her whole ten In her bucket. Is the winner. Another sport in which both sexes con tested, waa threading the needle. In this the boy puts the thread through the eye, while the girl holds the needle. The couple which threads first Is successful. As to games for ths men, these wers legion and some most ridiculous. One was marking the deck with what was called the bow line stretch, and another was a pillow fight contest In the latter two men balancing themselves astride a pole with a mattress beneath them, fought each other with pillows until one was knocked on the mattrsss. There were sbout forty con testants for this prize and an Englishman won it Then there was the human cock fight. In which two men with their arms tied over their knees and fastened there by a stick, attempted to crowd each other out of a ring on the floor by means of their toes, and also the contest to see who could eat a biscuit or drink a bottle of soda water In the shortest time, and then run the length of the deck. For these games both old and young entered, and South African legislators and colonels vied with tourists, gold miners and engineers to see who wss best. There were also cricket matches where the balls were caught by nets put up at the sides of the deck, and concerts and dances night after night. Ktlqaette ana Faaaloa. The man or woman who goes to 6outh Africa with no more baggage than he can carry In his or her hst will feel much out of place. There is more dressing on those steamers than on the biggest ships which cross the Atlantic On the way from the Cape of Good Hope to Madeira there was not a man In the first class who did not put on Tuxedo or a steel pen coat and a stiff boiled shirt for dinner each night, and most of the ladies wore low necks and short sleeves. Ths custom prevails on all the steamers, aDd on both side of the continent. There is full dress at all the dances and concerts, and the party in the saloon dur ing the evening looks more like that of a Washington parlor than like the rough and tumble crowd which one always finds on the big Atlantic liners. As to the meals on the ships, they are excellent. I had good board even on the small Mediterranean coastal steamers and on the vessels along the east coast. The eating on the ships from the cape to L-on-don is about as good as on the Atlantic, and there are four or five meals a day. Here, for Instance, Is my schedule for one day: At 7:80 a. m. the boy entered my cabin with tea and crackers, which I ate in bed. At 8:30 I had a good breakfast in the dining saloon, at 1 a luncheon with soup and desert, at 4 o'clock tea In the saloon and at (:S0 dinner. The latter meal lasted an hour or more, and, tn addition there was a supper late In the evening. Steamships Which Oa Arotsl Africa, I cannot Imagine a better health trip than a sea voyage around Africa. There are several lines which go down ons coast and up the other. One of the best Is a German African line by which ons starts at Hamburg and can go either east or west. If he choosus ths western route he calls at Las Falmas In the Canaries and then goes on to Cape Town, the voyage there taking twenty-three or twenty-four days. Leaving the Cape of Good Hope the ship next calls at Port Elisabeth, the Liverpool of South Africa, and then goes on to East London and Durban, the capital of Natal. The two next stoppages are in Portuguese, East Africa, and then corns Mozambique, Chinde and Dar es Salaam, the capital of German East Africa. From there the ships go on to Zanzibar, Tanga and Mombasa, and thence north to Aden and on up the Red sea and Sues canal to the Mediter ranean. They go from Port Said to Naples, and thence out back through the straits of Gibraltar to Hamburg. Ths whole trip. Including board, costs Just sbout 1400 first class, with the stewards' fees added, and It takes about two months to"malre it. If one wishes to visit the ports of West Africa, the Woerman line, sailing from Hamburg, will take him along the gulf of Guinea and down to the Congo, and l has also ships to gwakopmund, in German Southwest Africa. There are some vessels sailing regularly from Antwerp to the Congo and others which go to Gibraltar and around the coast of Morocco. The trip to the Congo takes nineteen days and the steamers leave for there every three weeks. They land at Matadl, where one can catch the railroad past the rapids of. the Congo to 8tanleypooL There Is also a Portuguese steamer which goes from Lisbon three times a month for Londa, Benguela and the port of Portu guese West Africa, and there are British steamers from Liverpool every other Satur day for Sierra Leone, Accra and Lagos. The fare to P.erra Leone is $90. These same ships go to Liberia, the fare there costing $130. The rate from Antwerp to the Congo is $180 and to Lagos $150. Medlterraaeaa Africa. Mediterranean Africa is very easily reached from Europe. The French have a number of lines which steam from Mar seilles to Algiers, Or an and Tunis, and there are Italian ships which make the same ports. One can go almcst doily In twenty-four hours from France to Algiers, and the trip to Tunis is not much lonsrer. There are ships sr.llli.g weekly from Naples to Tunisia, and there is a line of vessels which goes from Tunis to Tripoli, calling at Efax and Gabes. and thence going on by way of Tripoli to Malta. These boats f re of about 1.000 tons each and are rather dirty. The faros are low. At present the German lines are trying to catch the American travel to Ecrypt. and both the Hamburg-American and North German Lloyd have branch lines from Naples to Alexandria. Within the kst yeer or so the Hamburg-American has put Its own steamers on the Nile and they now compete with the mail vessels of ths Khedive and with those of Thomas Cook & Son. which have so long held a n cnopoly of that trade. If one would visit Morocco he had best go direct to Gibraltar 'and take the small ships from there acre ss to Tangier, or he can start at Marseilles and come down the coast of Ppaln on the French vessels to Malaa-a and cross to Morocco that way. The British have a Morocco line which makes a round trip of all the ports on the Atlantic from London In sbout twenty-five dtys. Ths cost Is $12C. and during the voyage one calls at the Canary islands and the Madeiras, and also at seven dif ferent ports In Morocco. There is a Ham burg company which makes somewhat the same route, and a French line which goes from Marseilles to Tangier three times every month. royal malls to Egypt, Is now sailing from Sues every Wednesday evening for Port Sudan and Suakim, aud every two weeks from Massowah, Hodeldah and Aden. One of the stops of these boats In at Jeddah, where Mother Eve la burled and where the pilgrimages start for Mecca, Massawah Is the port for Italian Africa, and Port Sudan Is the terminus of the new railroad which has Just been built across the Nubian desert from the Red sea to Khar turn. On the Red Sea. The African countries on ths Red sea can be reached by several lines from Sues and there are daily steamers wheh will take you there by way of the canaL The Khedival steamship line, which carries the Other Lines. The Italians have a line to Maasowah, and the Messager.es Martlme, the great French line, stops at DJboutl, which Is the best port for Abyssinia. There Is a little railroad there belonging to the French, which takes one Inland almost to Harrar and from there all travel must be on camels or mules. There are also regular steamers sailing from Bombay to the ports of East Africa, and a number of large vessels which make regular trips to Australia via Cape Town. The White Star line has such a service, composed of steamers of sbout 12,000 tone each; the New Zealand Shipping company and "Shaw tt Seville" have similar vessels. On these ships the passage to Cspe Town costs from $100 to $150, and to Australia perhaps $30 or $30 more. Indeed one can make an ocean trip around the world tn that way, taking passage from London to New Zealand, and thence going on to Eng land by the strait of Magellan. v FRANK G. CARPENTER. Teddy Bear No Longer Usurps Place Doll Only Can Fill EW TORK, Dec. 16. It seems that existed between him and the one- that every bear, like every dog, time nursery Joy has, as misfortune and has his day and that the Teddy sorrow often do, resulted in bringing be- bear has bad his. fore the world the true doll, developed This assertion of Miss Mar- mentally and spiritually by the mo- jorle Dawson, who has come mentary eclipse of her greatness. In- from fc-ngland by way of Japan, Russia, steud of vainly repining, she got hold of N Queen Victoria gave to this branch has bad far reaching effects," she explains. The Interesting collection that Miss Daw son found tn America and has annexed to her own Is that owned by Mrs. Laura B. Starr, who waa at one time editor of Dorcas. Mrs. Starr traveled about ths in a red sedan chair, the wedding vehicle many times for charity. The Sicilian doll edelweiss In the back, and the Labrador of her class. On her head s a pearl cap shows In miniature one of the gowns which doll Is provided with toboggan and anow and from It, entirely concealing the feat- are worn by Mme. Mlml Aguglla in her oele- shoes. ures, falls a pearl veil. brated play, "Mills." There are a 6panlsh Ths doll inheritance of Japan Is a well toreador dolt magnificently adorned with a known part of the country's peculiar cus- scarlet sash, a 6panish hidalgo and lady in tome. To this nation, after a few genera- black with a red rose rn her raven hair. then exceeded 600 tons. About twenty China, India and continental Europe, with herself in the most remarkable manner, world for 'six yeara and during that time Vont the aoi, become, poB8essed of a soul. The Canary Islands are represented by a At any rate a pair of the dolls that matronly doll In a white mantilla, and It is have natsed from father to son and from "Pained that thla la the only Spanish mother to daughter are shown. They rep- country where the while headdress is worn resent the emperor and empress, according ,n Preference to the black. One of the to the inheritance cult, and are the prop- m0Bt "triking peasant costumes Is that of a erty of an eldest son, who In turn would Pollh lrt n,de by Midska; and two have passed them on to his son and heir doll gorgeously gowned in the Uusaian years later this line waa united with the Castle company, the two being combined by Sir Donald Currle. who is still the presi dent of the organisation. At that time the contract for the malls was baaed oo a thirty-seven-day passage with a $500 bonus for every day under that, and the postage ratea were 1 shilling per letter. Since then the rates have been reduced to I cents and the time to aixteen and one-half days. There are now about a score of these mall wlds detour through the western ranch and Indian country and Mexico, gathering doll lore and dolls themselves to the num ber of tome 600 along the route. Miss Dawson was one ot the early pro moters of "the historical pageant of dolls that took place last autumn at Guild ford, England. The pageant, containing a thousand or so dolls, was arranged in groups showing the history of Eng land from the Saxon period to the ic- steamera and they all belong to the Union trlan rs. People of leisure, artistic Castle company, which has perhaps a doaen blUty and capital and sometimes of all fellow is the one who most quickly responds Proud of the fact that each one of and from being merely a toy for the Idle moment she Is now used on platform and dais to Illustrate ethnological and economic problems. According to Miss Dawson, the change In Japan as has been effected primarily by using those the nucleus. very qualities that in the past hav( limited the doll's sphere to the home circle. "Love and adoration are good stimuli to the mental viewpoint," says she, "and the child who has been taught or has a natural fondness for her inanimate play gathered most of her collection, which at present numbers tome 300. Like most collections it began casually, the gift to her of a doll at Christmas time i Joke from a friend being When she reached London and saw Queen Victoria's collection and realized how deeply attached the women of England were to the Idea of using the doll In all sorts of philanthropic and educational movements, she determined to emulate the royal example. She Is very the until the sole nossesslon was assured, when l,urt costume, heavy with pearl and gold ruiuroiuery, were ine gin oi t-ouniens Trinje, the wife of a Russian diplomat. So or so other vessels in Its African service. These boats carry all the gold and dia monds that come from South Africa, their freight of that kind alone bains. annually worth at least $la0.000,0u0. Among the other British lines Is the Aberdeen, which sails from London to Natal direct, rounding the Cape of Good Hope and calling only at the porta of East Africa. These are ships of from 1,000 to f.000 tons. They go down the west coast. three vied with one another In producing accurate and artistic groups, and the re sult was an imposing and instructive sight. About 100 of the principal actors in the pageant, carefully packed In tissue paper, are now on their way to "Doll Land" In this city, where Miss Dawson to the teaching thst the doll inspires. "It Is all very well to love a doll, who has simply no claim on one except Just being a doll, and we do not want to de stroy that germ of human feeling, but we try to make the children see that even In the plainest doll there should be something besides an appeal to one's affection. If they might belong to either sex. There are many oriental snd other babies, rhowlng different nielhcds of swathing, from that of the Christ child, who waa protected In this way, to that of the native American Indians, who hang the child in its cradle box to the saddle, snd the many dolls haa come directly from the country it represents and Is In the majority of cases a specimen of native work. There are all sorts of Christmas dolls In the castas. ThA mnnt lntresttriE- lr a beautiful madonna doll and bambino llm.bB "tralfht and protected from accident accurate In detail are these costumes that the handkerchief the court lady carries in her tiny hand is a mere speck In size, but a perfect specimen of lace making. Lace making is hown In earnest by one other aboriginal nations who have the same of th llltl company, a charming figure Idea In different forms to keep the little form the southern part of France, who sits with her pillow and bobblna on her The quaint Island af Maarken, off the coast of Holland, Is represented by a fisher maiden the trimming of Whoa apron la at the top Instead of the border. Two proud and haughty ladles of Baa Jose are being driven by a Mexican peon In an oxcart to the shopping district. One should not forget u mention the many barometer dolls, the moat curious of which is a Florentine monk of painted wood whose cap files up and covers the head when It is going to rain. Mrs. Starr has not attempted to make nny collection of mechanical dolls, which are so many In number that a complete txhlhu would be practically Impossible and would possess besides little historical value. Her exhibit of American dolls is n.it as yet completed, but has some very Interesting examples. One of these shows a colonial quilting party, each member of the ten holding a bit of thread and bending over the saw toothed pattern which were carried in one of ths religious processions st Rome and several groups presides. Here they are to perform an that were not true, then the child might the Nativity as arranged in ths houses educational mission. It is the sense ot values that has rele- 1 . ,. nn.a- l.i.nri. .nri gated the teddy bears to the rear, ac- first into port at Durban. From there cording to Miss Dawson. Remembering they go to Lourenoo Marques. Belra, Mo- how O"1 one hort 'ear a he wa lh aambique, Zanzibar and Mombasa, The ver center ' th PoUlgbt. you cannot trip to Mombasa coau $220 and to Natal for the of nel feelln a liul8 116r regret for his shorn glory and voicing Then there is the Buchnall eteamehlp a Th Proprietor of "Doll Land" ad- Une whi?hto CpV,wn by way oS ln Madeira and also calls at NtaL Its fare. " w " The rivalry to Natal are $lu0 and to Cape Town. $140. The ships are about .00 tone each. The Natal line to Durban, direct, has smaller vessols, but It charges Just about the same ratbs; while the British India line, which goes from London to the Sues canal and down the east coast, costs considerably more. Passengers oo the latter boats must tranship at Aden, and ths vessels are comparatively small. Ths rate to Mombasa or Zanzibar Is $L, while to Delagoa Bay the port of the Transvaal, It la more than $300. a Life aa Afrloaa Iteaaier. Traveling oa these African steamers la, it seems to me, much more agreeable than on the great floating hotels which cross ths Atlantic. The ship which brought me from South Africa waa almost tuO feet lung, sixty feet wide, and more than forty feet deep. The first-class cabins were cn the upper deck, and the ventila tion was such that we were perfectly com fortable when we crossed the equator. The ship rolled ablt, but only a few of us were seasick, and the voyage wag enjoyable from one end to the other. Leaving the Cape of Oood Hope. w did not stop until be reached Madeira, four teen dsys later. During this time the pas sengers became weU acquainted, and all seemed anxious to have a good tune. Shortly after leaving, a collection, averag ing about ti apiece, was taken up from the first and secora class passengers, and thla formed a purse of several hundred dollars, which was used as premiums for game and contests. Into whl.-h all the paasengera entered. It was a sort of Olymplo games held In mid ocean. In which both ladlea and gentlsmen Joined. There waa considerable rivalry between the first and aeoutod class a. and each had its champlona Among (he sports entered Into by the ladies war the spoon and egg sprints and ths potato race. In the spoon and egg race, a hen egg Is laid oa the deck at a certain spot and the girl outhieataat must run and scoop this up with a spooa and carry K. without letting It fall back to the goal The dls tanoe ia thirty or forty yarda. It require skill to get the egg lot the spooa and a steady hand to carry It. In the potato race three rows ef tea raw potatoes laid upon the deck, the potatoes ef each row being three feet apart. as well learn to love a teddy bear, who haa absolutely no grace of body, no charm of mind, no historical Interest or external accomplishment to recommend it." fc'lss Dawson expressed surprise that there are so few doll collections In Amer ica, her Information concernirg them txik. lng cognizance of or.ly three or four well known collections, the principal one of which she has already Included ln her own collection. "In England the Interest that of the peasants ln Mexico and other coun' tries. Many of them are curiously made, the faces showing a certain Ideality, while on the clothes has been expended much gorgeousntzz. That beauty Is certainly ln the eye of the beholder one must admit after wander ing about among the casoa and picking out here and there nightmare dolls which have probably ln some far off land given Just as much satisfaction to some little one as the moBt beautiful doll to be bought One of these Is the kelp doll made ln Ice land, where the kelp is thick and strong. The end of a long piece of kelp is blown out and on this eyes, nose and mouth are painted with more regard to striking There la a Boulogne fisherman and life saver dressed in oilskins even to his sou' wester. He has a pipe in his mouth, a cork life preserver over his shoulder and a rrpe and lantern. He is accompanied by a crabbing woman with the fishwife apron. Tie pretzel man of one of the German provinces Is dressed ln quaint garb, with white coat with red buttons, a peaked hat lap diligently plying her trade. Near her quilt, fastened In a tkny facsimile of the are a Nautch girl ln yellow gauze and a frightful looking Darjeellng rag doll with one earring and one bracelet, lis blsck hair In twin pigtails at right angles to its head and clothed only In lie native modesty. It was the gift of Mrs. General Custer. There Is a Scotch lasele in kilts and glengarry, and an Irish lady who makes and a long stick which in the original Is 'u say "Annie Teamans" quick as a wink. qullli'is frame of sixty years ago. The party was made by one of the famous "Innocents Abroad" whom Mark Twain cal'ed the Poet Lariat. The tiny dolls are made of rags. Ysnltee Ingenuity Is shown by the wish hone dnll, and the hook and eye doll made of cotton betting. Its features utilizing the household articles mpertfled. The some six feet leng. on which his wares are The Welsh doll has Its knitting, for It can't hickory nut furnishes the head and face strvng, a round bit of wood about tw-3 waste any time and wears a silk hat like feet from the ground keeping them in place. An English peasant (1S7() with red hood and cotton plaid skirt was presented by Mr. Lovett if Croydcn, Just out of London, "ho lectures on ethnological subjects and has himself a large collectkn of dolls. The peasant of the Black Foiest dupli cates one of those tn the collection of Csr- Oscar's on top of a ruffled cap and a long red ridinghood coat. The milkman from Nlcs Is a permanent answer to the whereabouts of the button, for It has not only the ons but luO or so cattrod generously up and down Its clothes, and carries, besides Its can ot milk, a straw basket for eggs and vegetables. The men and women of the Tyrol wear J Tj Ik Tn ar" m. . er I r mm '-7 w-? Ib i v tc . La COMB OF TUB LiTTLEl FOREIGN ERA msn Svlm niifr-n rtt Rumania, vhfi Via effect than to btlety The rest of the Bome im aM, ,.nlch h.ve bw.n exnlblte, refB bllt, wltn tne ft4theri ,nd blt,-of to form the body. An interesting specimen of ths weird and woozy class comes from the west coast of Africa from a cannibal tribe. It Is carved ln wood and from the square mouth to the angulsn limbs It would be" difficult to discover one faintest sugges tion of grace and beauty. Tet on this the young man of the tribe throughout the year expends his most strenuous efforts and after ths gruesome festival of the hatchet dance be presents it to his favorite sister. The dolls are highly prised and pass oa from one generation to another among the children of successive families of sisters who have been si honored. A Hungarian chimney sweep dressed ln a soot colored costume, designed appar ently merely for working use, haa bis ladder ot rope, a plummet, a hook to catch ln nlcnes of ths wall and a face that shows fidelity to his calling. Two pith dolls sbout the length of a man's thumb, cleverly carved and painted, are the gift of the British traveller Walter Del Mar, who brought them from India and presented them to Mrs. (tarr and another Interesting East Indian specimen Is so old that none can guess Its sge. and age means something there when applied to dolls, for the first that history takes cognizance of were of East Indian make, symbolizing ancient deities ln a religion that preceded Brahmlnlsm. . There are national costumes of every country of the world, many of them sh-jw-lntf peculiarities of trade and sartorial combinatiocia that havs existed for genera tions, but Which may In a not too remote future become aa extinct ss ths dodo, Witness the case of Japan, where ln the cities already the European garments are superseding the native dress. It Is this, the owner of the doll collection contends, that will make each year the collection grow snore and more valuable. Thsre is a Shanghai bride, made by a Chinese artist of that city. She is dressed in red, the Chinese J jJ color, and Is sitting STRANG H BAST DOLLS. of another, and of course Prlsdlla and John Alden are not forgotten; neither is the New Enrlsnd Hayseed, who Is exact, even to his striped overalls and his raks. A Roosevelt doll, all ready for the hunting trip, with toothy smile recslls the famous couplet of the lady who went out on a similar expedition and came back "with the lady inside and the bttiio on the face of th tiger." The American dolls Include the old est rsg dolls In the United States, which belsrged to the Livingston fsmfly, who have Its ancestry csrefully preserved and authenticated. She hobnobs now by the side of an old cradle with Polly Summers, brought over by the Quaker family of Frys. Fnrope's Trackless Trolleys, In this country, ssys the New Yorlt Herald, practically the only form of publle mechanically propelled vehicle for town or rtty streets Is the trolley car. The auto mobile stage or omnibus, with gasoline motor, which Is relstlvely common abroad, has mae brt little progress with us. In Germsny and Switzerland a third form, a sort of cross between the two, haa been successfully Installed In a number of places. In this, which has become known In England as the "trsrlcleaa trolley," aa automobile stsge with electric motor takes Its power from sn overhead wire. Instead of from a storage battery, as the usual electric vehicle does with us. There Is some latitude of steering; In fact, the stare may be run on any part of the road, vnlns this Is ahnormslly wide. A committee was sent to Germany last siimmer by the corporstlon of Manchester to examine this system and has Just made Its report, commending the "trsckless trol ley" for use under certain conditions. As a result Parliament Is to be asked to authorize the equipment and operation of such a system ln parts of Manchester. The trackless" csrs or stsges are cheaper to run than vehicles with separate gasoline m rtors. Dot sn apt to break down and excellently well fitted for suburban diatrlrts Vey:,nd the limits of economical trolley op-.ruti"n. Trolley lines are often ojrated through such regions at a loss, with a view to conditions In the near fu ture, when the population along ths line shall have Increased. It Is possible that In such districts, and In many others where an expensive street railway la oo-j-sldered out of the question, we may see the "trackless trolley doing good sarrlos to the benefit of all parties concerned.