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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: MONDAY. JANUARY 4. 1000.
The Omaha Daily Bee FOUNDED BT EDWARD RH8EWATER. VICTOR ROiEWATEa, EDITOR. Entered at. Omaha pjtofflc an aerond rlass matter. TERM? OP SUBSCRIPTION. Dally Bee (without Sunday ). one year. .14.9 Dally Bt and Hunday. one y?nr St-0 DELIVERED BT CARRIER. Dally Bee (ncludmg Sunday), per week. .IV: Dally Bee (w.lh.ui Bunjayt. per wrek..l'R--Evening Bee (without Sunday), per week t?. Evening Hi-e (wlt.i Sunoay), per Week.. 10c Hunday Be.-, one year IIM Saturday Bee, one year l.W Addresa all eompUlnia of Irregularities in delivery to City circulation department. OFFICES. Omaha The Bte Building;. Soutn Omaha-Twenty-f ourth and N. Council Wufff 15 Bcott Street. Lincoln 4,8 Little Building. Chicago 1M8 Maiquett Building. New York Room 1101-1102 No. 34 Well Thirty-third Street. Washington. 726 Fourteenth Street. N. W. CORRESPONDENCE. Communications relating to news and edi torial mattur ahouid be addrei-seu: Omaha Bee. Editorial Department. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or postal order payable to The Bee Pub.lshlng Company, only I-cent atampa received in payment of mall accounta. Personal checks, except on Omaha, or eaatern exchanges, not accepted. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION, filiate of Nebraaka, Dougla County. .: George B. Taschuck, treasurer of The Bee Publishing company, being duly sworn, aava that th actual number of full and complete coplea of The Dally, Morning, Evening and Hunday Bee printed during the monia of December. 18.S. waa aa follows: I ....... 87.780 17 37.370 1 3T810 II 38,800 3 ...37,370 19 30,790 4 374MO 20 37,850 6 87,830 21 36,800 6 37,300 22 37,010 7 37,840 23 87,00 g... 37,040 14... 37.000 fl 88,810 25 38,480 10 38,780 2 36,830 1J 48,880 27 37.140 J2 36.080 23 SO.OJO U 37,100 2 40,730 14 38,710 10 48,800 15 37,460 11 48,880 It 37,170 Total ..- W71.470 I,08 unsold and returned copies. . 8,843 Net total .x'lSa'5a? Dally average 37,48 GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK, Treaeurer. Subscribed In my presence and sworn to before me this list day of December, 1308. ROBERT HUNTER, Notary Public. WHEN OVT OF TOWN. Subscribers leaving the city tem porarily should have The Bee nailed to them. Address will be changed as o-f ten aa vea.aceted. Omaha's Poultry show baa taken wing. Castro must be chagrined to hear how well Venezuela is getting along without him. Omaha broke bo many records In 190S that It will have to go some to do better In 1909. Even the astronomers at the Lowell observatory report that their business is looking up this year. The goosebone prophet who foretold a long and exceedingly cold winter may now begin preparing his explanation. Castro says he proposes to spend the rest of his days in Berlin. There's no objection, unless it comes from Berlin. I . The opening of the base ball sea son will be the real New Year's day for a large proportion of the popula tion. . Mr. Roosevelt would like to capture a white rhinoceros in Africa. Chances are he would not look at a white ele phant I ! "Should actresses marry?" asks a French paper. How else could they get the divorces they need for advertising purposes? If you have anything to say to the Kaiser, you may now send him a let ter for 2 cents, a saving of 3 cents from the old rate. Naval officers are now to be re quired to ride horseback, as a test of their fitness. That ought to be easy for horse marines. - No one will question but that State Representative Stoecker wrote his pro nunclamento as a candidate for speaker all by himself. r "Millionaires smile rarely," Bays Mr. Carnegie. Sam may be said of those who get into business competi tion. wlUx, .millionaires. The accused Tennessee night riders have failed to provo their alibis. The next line of defense will probably be an appeal to brainstorms. "There are three parties to eyery divorce case, the plaintiff, the defend ant and the public," says the Brooklyn Eagle. Add one for the co-respondent. Paris has Just been visited by a ter rific snowstorm. We felt something of that kind would happen after Presi dent Fallleres had his whiskers pulled. I ... Mayor Jim may yet have an oppo nent for renomlnatlon within his own party. So far, however, he is not los ing any sleep over those mentioned to date. Tho army reports that there are only 200,000 first class rifles in the country and about 250.000 of tho ob solete brand. - That's an argument for peace. Caj) it ba possible that those "rats. dogs and other tamo animals" on top of tho city hall have excited tho jeal ousy of tho wild animals within the city hall? A detective who has been conduct ing tho investigations says there are but sjt honest men In the Pittsburg city council, which has ninety-four members. Tho number is larger than most ojl8"&d been lei to bsllovo. HR. TAFT LY TUB SOUTH. The enthusiastic welcoming of Mr. Taft to the south, from bis reception at Augusta to his latest Interchange with a delegation of representative men at Birmingham, has unusual -Significance1, in view of the fart thit" he has stated one of his purposes to be to Induce the south to break away from Its hide-bound political traditions. The south is welcoming Mr. Taft, not out of curiosity, but apparently from a disposition to get better acquainted with him and to join htm, at least half way, in any plan for its restoration to a place in the councils of the nation. There Is no doubt that the real feel ing of the south Is voiced In the ad drees Inviting Mr. Taft to visit Bir mingham, in which General Rufus N. Rhodes, as chairman of the commltee said: I am going to take advantage of this opportunity to say to you that If you knew the heart and the head of Ihe men of the south and particularly of Birming ham, you would know that they regard the result of the last election as a bene diction from God Almighty Himself to the people of the south over their pro test. I am a democrat. Most of these gentlemen are democrats, but we have come to love you for your human quali ties, for we understand that your aym pathlea are broad as the universe, but because you have come here, sir, Indicat ing to us that you want the south once again to hold Its place In the councils of tho nation. General Rhodes Is the veteran edi tor of one of the biggest and best of the democratic newspapers of the south and his expressions must be ac cepted as reflecting the best sentiment of the thoughtful men of his section. Something of his attitude has been forecasted by other leading democratic newspapers of the south and Mr. Taft's. visit will do much to give en couragement to those who have been long working In an effort to advance from old landmarks and establish in dependence of thought and political action in the entire south. Mr. Taft does not hesitate to spy that he hopes good may come of his visit by the political breaking up of the south to correspond with the po- tltical breaking up of the north mak ing politics a subject of uncertainty, a subject for discussion and independ ent action throughout the country. No greater service could be accomplished for the benefit of the whole country than the success of plans to that end. All observers agree that the trend toward republicanism is very marked In the south. The five border states were republican in their, aggregate vote last November while in Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia and Arkansas, the republican vote In creased to the point where even the democrats recognize that the party has a standing and must be considered a factor in future campaigns. South Carolina, Louisiana and Mississippi are the only southern states still com pletely under democratic domination and in which tho republican party does not have a strong, effective, fighting and growing organization. The business Bouth is rapidly tiring of bourbonism and coming to appreciate the fact that its best interests lie with progressive political policies. Mr. Taft's appeal to this Interest to ally itself with the side of best govern ment Is bound to have beneficial ef fect. ABV3ISO THE FRASKISO PRIVILEGE Two congressmen have been notified that the typewriters they attempted to send to their homes under their con gressional franks are being held at the poBtofflce in Washington awaiting the payment of $19 in postage on each. The members have, of course, protested to tho postmaster general and a ruling has been asked on the right of a mere postmaster to withhold from the malls anything offered under the frank of a congressman. The Incident serves to call re newed attention to the abuse of the franking privilege that has grown to be little short of a scandal. The pur pose of the frank was to enable mem bers of congress to Bend their official letters and printed public documents through the mails without the pay ment of postage. Even that privilege offered leeway for abuse by allowing the campaign committees of both parties to flood the country with ex tracts from the Congressional Record, and Inserted originally in the Record for Just that purpose. The greater abuse, however, has been in the use of the frank to sending all sorts of stuff through the mails free of cost. It Is a matter of record and common knowledge In Washington that mem bers have used the frank to send their personal belongings, even household goods, through the mails. One thrifty Kentucky congressman used to send his laundry home every week under a frank and an eminent statesman from Illinois sent his household goods and his library home under a frank, the total filling two freight cars. So greatly has the privilege been abused that a postmaster general reported a few years ago that the cost of carry ing the franked matter of congressmen was as large as the annual deficit of the PoBtofflce' department. CONSOLIDATE THE TAXES. If the coming legislature wants to make a hit with the taxpayers of Omaha and at the same time relieve the official tax gatherer of unnecessary expenditure of time and money, it will consolidate the taxes imposed hero on real and personal property for the sup port Of state, county, school and mu nicipal governments. As It is now the ordinary taxpayer in Omaha is con fronted with this' confusing schedule: County and state taxes due November 1, each year. County and state personal , taxes delin quent December 1. same year. County and state real eatata taxes delin quent May 1, following year. City taxes due May 1. eacli year, City, lilts daUnqucut J uiy 1, saiu jrr. Not only do we have county and state taxes due and delinquent at dif ferent times from city and Bchool taxes, but also a difference between the times when personal and real es tate taxes become delinquent for county and state. In other words, every taxpayer who pays on both per sonalty and realty and who takes ad vantage of the time allowed must make three trips to the treasurer's office at three different times and the treasurer must make three separate tax collections and issue three separate tax receipts. That there Is no good reason for this multiplicity of tax payments Is self- evident. In no other city in the state Is the same system employed. Every where else but in Omaha a single tax bill is rendered with distinct Items for taxes due county, state, city and school district and the payment is made in a lump sum in exchange for a single re ceipt. The peculiar condition existing in Omaha is an outgrowth of the consoli dation of city and county treasuries and may have been excusable for the transition period, but its continuance is no longer necessary. THE FIQHT ON DR. irLEl". With the demand that he be de posed, some of the manufacturers of the country have started an open wor fare on Dr. H. W. Wiley, chief chemist of the Department of Agriculture. Secretary Wilson refuses to discuss the matter other than to state that be has no intention of removing Dr. Wiley, but, on the other Bide, it Is asserted that other members of the board with Dr. Wiley have been pro mulgating regulations In connection with the pure food law, without con sulting him and in defiance of his orders. Dr. Wiley has been connected with the government for twenty-five years and had more to do with the framing of the pure food law than any other one individual. He has con ducted many experiments touching the effects of adulterants, coloring mat ter and cold storage on food products and has been vigorous in his efforts to enforce the provisions of the pure food law. His latest order prohibited the use of benzoate of soda and copper sulphate In preserving and coloring canned goods. The manufac turers have apealed from his decision and have demanded his removal, as serting that goods are not made pois onous or Injured by the use of color ing matter or the preservatives they employ in the canning. Whether Dr. Wiley is right or wrong should be determined without difficulty by experts. Meanwhile, Dr. Wiley's associates on the Board of Food and Drug inspection have issued permits to the manufacturers to go on using these colorings and preserva tives, provided the fact is plainly stated on the labels. But this does not solve the question. If the chemi cals in question are injurious to health, their use should be prohibited. If they are not injurious, their use should be permitted without embar rassing restrictions. Great progress has already been made in the protection of the consum ers' by the adoption of pure food laws In the nation and In the different states, and the demand is for intelli gent enforcement of these laws until the evils the public has. complained of, have entirely disappeared. The de velopments at Washington indicate that the fight on Dr. Wiley Is really a fight on the whole pure food move ment. The citizens of Bath, Me., the birth place of Charles W. Morse, are peti tioning the courts to release Mr. Morse on ball, pending a new trial. Morse has been sentenced to fifteen years' imprisonment for huge financial frauds in the banking business. The loyalty of his fellow townsmen at Bath must, of course, be pleasing to him, but the efforts are in decidedly bad taste, considering the charges against Morse and the effect that his release would have. The appeal of the democratic organs to the democratic legislators to fulfill their platform pledges In order to hold the confidence of the people who elected them sounds very well. But bow does it fH in with the appeals made during the campaign by the same democratic organs asking the people to turn down the republican law makers of the last session notwith standing the fact that tbey had scrupu lously redeemed all their promlsos? While the fight is waxing fast and furious as to who is to fill the speak er's chair in Nebraska's coming demo cratic legislature, the other law-making branch may rest undisturbed in the assurance that it will be under the safe and sane guidance of a republican presiding officer in the person of Lieu tenant Governor Hopewell. Lower rents in Omaha would be highly desirable from every point of view, and so would a more liberal pol icy on the part of most landlords with reference to repairs and ordinary ac commodations to tenants. If the Real Estate exchange will tell us how to get one or both it will do the commnnity an Inestimable favor. Boston shipped 24,000,000 pairs of shoes less in 1908 than in 1907. This does not necessarily men that the peo ple are wearing fewer shoes. It may mean that they are buying them else where than in Boston. Mr. Bryan's Commoner is rounding out its eighth year without having to meet the troublesome question of re moving its editorial rooms to Wash ington or suspending publication. That charga of extravagance lodged against the outgoing republican state administration by the democrats In the. recent campaign Is what Is coming back to plague its makers. Chinese are not allowed to shave their heads for 100 days after the death of the emperor. The Chinese barber will naturally wish long life for the emperor. As an autograph collection that reg ister of legislative lobbyists to be kept at Lincoln by the secretary of state ia far from promising to be of either value or interest. Fresldent Ripley, of the Santa Fe, declares that the building of the Panama canal is a waste of money. Mr Ripley is evidently a victim of en vironment. Confldenced to the I.lmlt. Chicago News. Uncle Sam is trying to get back 0.000 acres of coal lands alleged to have been taken fraudulently from him In Utah. Uncle la getting- good and tired of being an easy mark. Inearlng for Their I.Ives. Chicago Inter Ocean. The testimony In the Reelfoot lake mur der case reveals the fact that, though otherwise Industrially blackward, the na tives are no slouches When it comes to the manufacture of alibis. Lining; I p with the Bis Fellows. Boston Herald. The republic of Panama Is preparing for a world's fair In 1915. No matter how small and Inconsequential a nation may be. It is never so far down the scale that It can't indulge In one of those things somewhere along the line. . Business Before Bathos. .Louisville Courier-Journal. Victor Emmanuel's curt "don't talk non sense" in reply to a toadying Italian's statement that his majesty's presence in the earthquake district would "console the populace" throws a pleasing side light upon the character of the Italian monarch. Like King Humbert, he is, or seems to be, a man who takes his responsibilities seri ously and a king who does not take himself too seriously. Wr Crooks Smile. Chicago Record-Herald. Abe Ruef, tho San Francisco boss, "lias been sentenced to fourteen years in the penitentiary, but It is explained that it will take at least three years to carry tTle case up through the various courts that may yet be appealed to. In view of this fact and In view of the material that some of the courts to be appealed to are composed of It Is no wonder that Ruef smiled when the verdict was pronounced. Crusade Aaalajit Food Fakirs. Boston Herald. Dr. Wiley, chief chemist of the Depart ment of Agriculture, and the protector of food purity, will be better appreciated because of the enemies he has made. The protest of the National Molasses Refiners' association against his "pernicious ac tivity" is evidence that his crusade against undesirable food preservatives is genuine and effective. The protest of food manu facturers against-his "Interference" with their methods and practices will not dis credit the service ho has rendered In the detection and prohibition of unhealthy in gredients in food products. . No Cause (or Worry. Philadelphia Record. . According to the tsport of General Bell, chief of staff of tlia army, the Infantry Is too weak and the cavalry is superannu ated. Such was the case with both the In fantry and the cavalry before the war of 1S12 and the war with Mexico, and, above all, the stupendous civil war. But thanks to the volunteer militia the country wor ried through these crises with compara tively small aid from the regular army. General Bell imparts the assurance now, however, that the long marches and other tests of endurance Inaugurated by the president have done much to elevate the physical condition and morale of officers and men. Let us rest happy in the con viction that the country is safe. The Record Disaster. Springfield (Mass.) Republican. In the more remote parts of the world many cases might doubtless be cited of malar destruction of human life from earthquake than Is now afforded. But along the pathway of civilization few ex periences have been met with so sweep inirlv riearilv un the one now reDOrted from the cities along the Messina strait. The destruction of Lisbon by earthquake and tidal wave In 1755. when a loss of life va riously estimated from 30.000 to 60.000 persons, is to be thought of in this con nection; and tradition has it that the shak ing down of Antloch and villages round ahnnt In the vear S26 destroyed over 200.- 000 lives. But within the range of au thentic record this latest Calabrlan earth quake la apparently to be written down as the most destructive of all. IOIIUEI) Of HISTORY. Newspapers Indispensable la the Final Wrltenp. New York World. At the meeting of the American His torical association at Washington this week one of the Interesting papers read was that by William Nelson on "American Newspapers of the Eighteenth Century as Sources of History." Mr. Nelson took Is sue with Bancroft's remark that "you can not write fclstory from newspapers." That might be true for the period of American history with which Bancroft waa most Interested, as the colonial press was hampered by official censure, but in the evolution of the press since Independence, a historian, as Mr. Nelson remarked, who ignores that field will miss "a great and valuable mass of material." Even in a study of the revolutionary era the news papers, brief as they were, throw much light on the life of the people, and with out that our conception of events would be fragmentary and the meaning incom plete. In the absence of the telegraph, telephone and news organisations, and with editorial comment usually covered by a paragraph or two. It is readily under stood why Bancroft gained little material from the newspapers In writing his earlier volumes. Letters, Journals, diaries and public docu ments then as now were invaluable, but In recent times their relative value as com pared with that of the newspapers as chroniclers of the events of the time has greatly decreased. As James Ford Rhodes, the historian. In speaking before the asso ciation on the use of newspapers for his tory In the period from 1850 to 177, re marked, they are indispensable "to get at all the facts, to go to the bottom of things." Mr. Rhodes also acknowledged the aid he derived in the period mentioned from the editorial comment of such great Journalists aa Greeley, Blgelow. Raymond. Webb, Bowles, Thurlow Weed, Schouler and Medlll. No historian of any period since the modern development of the newspaper would dream of writing history without consulting the newspaper of the day as, to use Mr. Rhodes' language, "an ample and contemporary, record of la iaV- HM SEC. TAFT ltEM(iEn. Aa Incident of the Campaign of 1P04 hnd the Oatcie. George Orlswold Hill i Collier s. That William Howard Taft, who Ims been chosen by the American people as the next president of the United States, ence deliberately and formally resigned from the cabinet of President Roosevelt Is a fact known to but few people. Indeed, It Is safe to say that aside from the presi dent and his former secretary of war there are not a half-doaen people In the world who have ever heard of Mr. Taft's reels-nation and Mr. Roosevelt's character istlo declination thereof, but the private letter-press of these distinguished men will entirely substantiate the facts here given, facts which constitute an Important It brief chapter In the history of the nation because of tho striking example they af ford of the timber of twa of Its most prominent statesmen. Had the fact of Secretary Taft's resigna tion been known to the gentral public dur ing the exciting days of the campaign Just ended there would have been fewer people who feared that President Taft would be too greatly under tho tnfluenen of ex President Roosevelt, but apparently the only person otherwise In a position to relate tho incident In print was pledged to confidence until after November 3. 1908. It was during the campaign of 1904 that Mr. Taft, with many expressed regrets, formally resigned his position of secre tary of war because his loyalty to the bast Interests of the Filipinos forbade hie ceaa Ing to advocate the reduction of tho duty on Philippine augar and tobacco and his loyalty to the president seemed to demand the cessation of such advocacy by a mem ber of the cabinet. Secretary Taft waa requested by George B. Cortelyou, then chairman of the re publican national committee, to make sev eral speeches in support of the republican national ticket, and Mr. Cortelyou's requeat was urgently seconded by President Roose velt. Accordingly. Mr. Taft went up to Connecticut, where his standing aa a Yal alumnus has long made him exceptionally popular, and delivered a forceful speech In support of Roosevelt and Fairbanks. In the course of his remarks, Mr. Ta.ft dwelt upon the subject of Philippine progress and the solemn duty of the American congress materially to reduce the duty on Philip pine sugar and tobacco. In his audience were many Connecticut farmers, who. un der the guidance of Secretary Wilson, had Invested their all In the cultivation of tobacco, and they had conceived the Idea that any reduction of the tariff on Philip pine tobacco would seriously Jeopardise their profits. Reports of their disapproval of the sentiments expressed by the secre tary of war reached Chairman Cortelyou, and he proceeded Immediately to Indite a lengthy epistle to the president, In which. In his most diplomatic manner. Jie sub mitted the facts and suggested that, at least until after election, it might be wiser for the secretary of war in his public ad dresses to refrain from dwelling with any considerable emphasis on the plain duty of the United States to the Philippines, and especially In so far as the tariff was con cerned. When President Roosevelt received Chair man Cortelyou's letter he scribbled across one corner: "Respectfully referred to the secretary of war," and sent the communi cation by special messenger to that offi cial. As soon aa Secretary Taft read the letter he gave instructions that he was not to be Interrupted for any cause, and set to work on the difficult task of composing a letter of resignation which would adequately ex press his feelings.. So delicate did he con sider the undertaking that he employed no stenographer, but laboriously penned first a draft and then a final copy. He assured tho president of the deep sorrow with which he found himself confronted with the neces sity of such action, of his absolute unwill ingness by any act of omleslon or commis sion to Jeopardise Mr. Roosevelt's political welfare, but, on the other hand, of hla un swerving loyalty to the people of the Fh Hp pine Islands, his unshakable conviction that It was the plain duty of the American con gress to grant the tariff concessions he had advocated, and of his own Inability to per ceive a course whereby he might, without sacrifice of loyalty to one or the other, cease from urging a reduced tariff or avoid Injury to Mr. Roosevelt's political fortunes. Under these circumstances he felt com pelled in deepest sorrow to sever his con nection with the Roosevelt cabinet, hla resignation to take effect aa soon a might prove convenient to the president. The composition and double Inscribing of this long and delicate communication proved no easy task, and It occupied the greater part of Mr. Taft's day, so that It was nearly nightfall when a special messen ger carried the document to the White House. 1 It required barely two minutes for Mr. Roosevelt to compose and Inscribe his re ply, and his answer may be recorded as one of the most comprehensive and por tentous epigrams In history. Across the corner of Secretary Taft's carefully penned communication the president wrote these words: "Dear Bill: Flddledeedee.-T. R." That was all; but it was sufficient, and William H. Taft understood that hla resig nation of the portfolio of war had been promptly and emphatically declined. Mr. Taft has never ceased hla earnest advocacy of the reduction of the tariff on Philippine sugar and tobacco, and It Is a safe prediction that unless the national legislature shall already have granted the Urged concession It will play an Important pari In his first annual message to con gress; but during the campaign of 1904 Chairman Cortelyou did not again assign the uncompromising secretary of war to speak In any section where the growing of sugar and tobacco constituted one of the Important Industries. WHY TAFT WAS ELECTED. Soathrra Democrat Snggesta aa Ex traordinary Mission. Charleston News and Courier (dem.). Mr. Bryan says that Mr. Tift was "elected through a combination of the financial, commercial and Industrial In terests of the country." and that ht "would rather remain ' a private cltlsea than be president and be subservient to those Interests, as Mr. Taft must be. under the conditions that elected him." It would appear from what Mr. Bryan say that It was very fortunate for the country that he was not elected. What other Inter, ests are there really that are to be "sub served" but the financial, commercial and Industrial Interests? That seems to take In everything- that Is worth serving the merchants, the bankers, the manufac turers, the worklngmen, and the farmers. Mr. Taft ought to be very much pleased with Mr, Bryan's tribute. It la the best thing that has ever been said about him. Tet the great Nebraskan I picking his flint again for another race for president According to th dispatches the other day he Is willing to respond as long and a often as th democratic party call for him. But there "won't be no demo cratic party" In 1913 If he shall be nomi nated again. Somebody ought to tell him so Henry Watteraon, or Joarphua Dan W is, or Urey Woodson, or Normaa B. Mack; somebody ba will believe. DISASTER" MIGHTY CR1.I.. Brighter Wide of Dark Pletare, with Historical Reflections. loulsvllle Courler-Journsl. Wherever hunvin hearts beat with warmth human hearts will feel for Italy and for those who have suffered In the calamity In Ihe south of that fair land. To shudder and to lament that Is about all that ran be done. If there I any sort of assistance possible Americans will be glad to Join In that, too. , Brotherhood of Man. Chicago Inter-Ocean. The appalling disaster that fell upon Mes sina and Reggio. and the neighboring dis tricts of Sicily and Calabria Just before the dawn of December 28, has Its brighter side to the thoughtful mind. This Is In the evi dence It evokes of the human kindness and decency of our civilization, with all Its faults. Practical Sympathy. New York Tribune. The only compensation Immediately dls cemable In the case of such appalling ca tastrophes Is the almost universal out pour ing of sympathy In practical forms. The collection of funds for the relief of the suf fering began In this Instance at many points before any appeal for help had been made, and we hope that, however Inadequate to replace what has been lost, they will be large enough at least to save thouxRnda from starvation. Calamity Make Whole World Kin. Chicago Tribune. The lines which man has drawn across the world and tho languages which he has Inherited to mark the passing difference of nationality all disappear when such a crush ing blow descends on one part of the hu man kind. Suffering which speaks no lan guage and knows no boundary lines brings home to the well housed Chk-agoan, as to the Parisian, the Londoner, the man of Berlin, of Vienna, of Tokln. and of Peking, with equal force tho shock of a human catastrophe. Great Hlstorlo Region. New York Evening Poet. The country in which earthquake. Hood and fire have spread ruin Is one of the great historic region of the world. Scien tists say that Slclly-Calabrla lies on a seismic boundary formed hv th n,.tinr two geologic formations. But Sicily and uiaoria nave witnessed the clash of other than geologlo forces. R.n hi .ik,i as Rhegtum. was one of the cities of Magna uraeoia, where Greek culture blossomed almost at its highest, and where Pyrrhus fought with Rome for supremacy In the Mediterranean. With Rhegium. Rome closed Its conquest of Italv. mil with i. slna it began the conquest of its first prov- " or me world. Europe and Africa fought out their battle In Sicily during the Punic wars, and Normans and Saracens contended there a thousand years later Now Messina and Reggio di Calabria are aid in rulna by a titanic convulsion that is reported to hsve cut a new course for the strait of Messina, so that Ulysses would find the task of sailing between Scylla and Charybdls harder than ever. Earthquake R a vases In Italy. Springfield (Mass.) Republican. No Inhabited part of the earth's surface Is so subject to destructive quakes as the region about the strait of Messina which has agsln been visited by a vast calamity from this cause. Every century within the cope of recorded history has seen this Calabrlan region of Italy afflicted-to a greater cr less extent from arthquake and there have been frequent periods of time when It has been almost continuously subjected to these disturbances. We must go back, however, to 1783 to find anything equal to the present experience In deetruc tivenes. Like this one, that earthquake shock shook down many of the villages of Calabria and. passing under the strait of Messina, leveled most of the city of Mes sina and caused a tidal wave which com pleted the destruction, as now. The esti mated loss of life at that time was 100 000. and It Is quite possible that this astound ing figure of mortality will be reached In the present case. It is a matter of record that for seventy-five years, following 1783 this region of Italy lost 111.000 Inhabitants from earthquakes more noteworthy for their frequency than for their special de structlveness. Scylla and Charybdls. Washington Star. In those old, old time when gods and goddesses were so very like human beings that they felt ueh primal passions aa love and Jealousy it waa quite common for them to vent their spleen upon unhappy mor tal who offended them by transforming the victims Into animals, birds, trees and rocks. It was In this way that the con venient channel of commerce flowing be tween Sicily and Italy became beset by iwo seriou peril. Circe hated a beauti ful mortal woman named Scylla, because a certain -fisherman preferred Scylla to herself, and she changed the luckless maiden Into a hideous monster and et dog and wolve to bark around her Scylla preferred death to uch a state, so she flung herself Into the strait of Mes sina, at their narrowest point, on the Italian side, and became a great rock, looming- In the very course of vessel. Just to give the men who followed the sea their full measure of trouble limit.. - lected a woman named Charybdls, against wnom ne bad a grievance, and changed her Into a vlclou whirlpool, placing her In thl guise on the other side of the atralt from Scylla, where Messina harbor is lo cated. After that the fishermen had all they could attend to In navigating the straits, and often In avoiding- Scylla they feH Into the maw of Charybdls. NEW RAILROADS BUILT. Development Chiefly in the Western State. Philadelphia Press. Fewer mile of new railroad track were laid down In th United State In 108 than In any preceding year since 1W7. More than three-quarters of all the new trackage thl year He west of th Mississippi. Railroad construction In this country reached its maximum In 1902, when 6.000 mile were built. Only 63 per cent of that amount ha been laid thl year. It I un necessary to go Into detail to show why uch a large decrease should occur In 1908. The reasons are patent to alt. But even a severe trade depression could not halt the keen competition that 1 evi dent In the far west. More mile of new road were built In Montana than any other tate, and nearly all of it waa paid- for by three big systems, which are under the domination of two rival groups of men. Competitive railroad building In th etat ha not been seen on any very Important scale, barring one exception for a long time, but on the Paclflo slope the caae Is Just the reverse. The Hill-Morgan faction on the one aide and the Harriman-Rocke-feller faction on the other, are reaching with vigorous hand for new conquest. The extraordinary ease with which a company Ilk the St. Paul can finance a transcontinental trunk line which, with sid ings, aggregate 2.200 mile, compared with the throes through which the Northern Pa clflo had to pass, I an eloquent comment ary on the vast expanalan of American wealth since Jay Cooke' day. Now th work 1 done without creating a ripple on the financial sea. Then It laid th founda tion of a panic that shook the world. ORATORY SAVES Till PIECE. by Natare' tenvnlslons. Kansas City Time. Scylla and Charybdls cannot le de stroyed. The mere rnrft that was known a Scylla may have been engulfed. Th 1 whirlpool that wss Charybdls mny be now snd henceforth the calmest water of 1h Mediterranean. Rut Beylla and Charybdlt will endure as lung a oratory flow In Kansas and Missouri. "Mr. Chairman, What do we see? The Scylla of corruption on the one side; the Charybdls of oppression . on the other." Or "Who shall guide the grand old ship of stato between the Scylla of anarchy otl the one hand, and the Charybdls of cor porate greed upon the otherT" In such Immortal words are these cherished fig ures of the spellbinder fortified against destruction by earthquake, volcano and flood. Virgil may hove supposed that h had given the repository for their fame. Indeed. It may bo admitted that lis did have something to do with It as a starter. But the real shine Is here with the west ern orators. "Pellon" has been "piled on Ossa" mnnv a time. "High Olympus" has been scaled so quickly and so often ns to niaks a Swiss Alpine climber envious. "The dogs of war" have been held In leash over time. The "Rubicon" ha been crossed almost a frequently a Caesar' wrfe ha been declared to be above suspicion. ' The "Ides of March" haV done duty for No vember a thousand times for each elec tion. These have all don and will con tinue to do "yeoman ervlc" for the spellbinder. They have been almost as effective a the warning tht "Caesar had hi Brutus," or the reflection that "Ales ander sighed for more worlds to con quer." But of all the eternal band none other Is comparable to Scylla and Charybdls. They have been, facile prlnceps, the favor ties, filling every requirement of sound and antithesis. No period so effective as they supply. No climax so sure to get a hand and establish a reputation. Scylla and Charybdls are not destroyed. The awful calamity that lias swept over southern Italy has at least spared the western world that devastation. The sug gestion that If the worst came to the worst the pillars of Hercules might take their place Is wholly Impertinent and needless. Transplanted to Amrrlca Scylla and Charybdls have became Institutions, secure ) as the Dieclaratlnn of Independence, and, ' like tho declaration, n;ir!ncd In the hearts of the multitudes. PERSONA!, XOTKS. Dr. Edwards, of the Carnegie Institute is now In Shanghai getting ready to make the first magnetic survey of China. "One must not forgot that the people on whose authority the reports are sent are all made with terror." And Ferrero knows Italians. Tho approaching centennial of hi birth 1 putting Into print many picture of the Martyr Preldent Lincoln. None have yet come to notice a beardless as the Omaha high school statue. One photograph taken the day before the assassination shows the short beard with which he is usually rep resented. One of the three nicniorl.il window unveiled the other day at Plymouth church, Brooklyn, showed a group of four dis- tlngulshed American women Mrs. Harriet Beechcr Stowe, Mary Lyon, Emma Wlllard and Catherine Esther Rcechrr described as the four great e.lurr.tors rf Amertcin womanhood. ' If reports from the Orient mny be re lied upon the Grand Vlz!?r's list of sen ators to be submitted to . the sultan of Turkey for approval will contain tlia, names or two Jews David Kffendl Mollis, first dragoman of the imperial divan, and Behor Effendl Eskenazl, a member of tlia state council. A granddaughter of Philip Freneau. tho revolutionary poet. Miss Mary Hammell of Locust Grove. L. 1., Is under inmiiry as to her sanity at the instance of neigh bors, who found her sturvlng and freez ing In the house where she has been Hv Ing alone. She Is wealthy but persists In denying herself food and warmth. To the list of self-made men whose business transactions embraced an extra ordinary variety of Interest must bn added Solomon Andrews of Cardiff, who died at the ago of 73. leaving a fortune of I4.8S0.0O0. Unable to rend or write, he started business by hawking pies and , tarts that he had baked himself. RefnrA long he embarked In ether enterprise nd became wealthy. LAI till 11V O REMARKS. Fluffy Young . .-.-Id llk to prp,v the express on , ac .ajr. Express Co...p.. y. Ajjent-Whafs tho value? Fluffy Young Tiling N. thing, sir. It s a bundle of letters, lm . eiu ng tiiem bacn tu him. Chicago Tr.bune. "That man Bays i.e njver fjreets u favor." "He speaks truly." answered Hi-naur Sorghum. "He did me a favor fifteen yours ago and has been talking nbuul It wer since." Washington Star. Mistress When I engaged y u. Luclnda. you said you had no mule friend. Now, almost every time I come into the kitchen I find a man there. Luclnda Lor' aakea, he sm no male fren' oo mine. Mistress Then who Is he? Luclnda Ma husband! Puck. "It docs seem strange," remarked the party who seemed to ba thinking aloud. "What seem strange?" queried the Inno cent bystander. "That after getting a man In hot water a woman can't understand why he should boll over," explained the no.sy thinker. Chicago News. Wiggles I hear BJenks has been very-111. Is he out of danger yet? Waggies Well, he' convalescent; but he won't be out of danger until that pretty nurse who has been taking car of Mai ha gone away. Life. "Was your a case of love at first a ght?" "Hardly. Th fint time I saw my hue ban lis had on motor goggle. 'St. Louis Times. "Don't mix In," said Uncle Eben. "Two men dat fights kin shake haa a an' be friend afterwards. Hut neither of 'em ever ha much of a regyahd ioh da referee." Washington Star. St. Patrick was driving th makes out of Ireland. "If you take my advice, young men," h aid to the reporters, "you won't write thl up you'll get th reputation of being nature fakers." But the good man' admonition waa wasted. They rushed th story Into print Chicago Tribune. THE MONTHS ISO THfcJ JEWELS Harpsr Basar. t . Garnet. January' gma, mean "Victory and Power;" February Amethyst rule swest "Affec tion's" hour; March with Jasper decorate thoej who are "Wise and Bold;" April' deep-blue Sapphire reign where "Truth ' Is bravely told; Chalcedonies belong to May; their message Is "Oood Cheer;" The Emerald of June dcclar "Immortal Life" la clear; July claim Diamond' "Purity" freedom from spot or stain; August's sky-blue Turquoises stanl for "Worldly Gain." September's Chrysolite proclaim: "Hops Ever for the Best;" The lteryls of OctotM-r. tell of "Hjiplness and Rest." Xovemlier' glowing Topag'S are' tyut-s of "Faithful Friends." December' blood-rl Ruble sing; "Clod's Power Never n4a 1