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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: TTUJKSD AT, FEBRUARY 4. 1903.
Tins Omaha Daily Bee. FOUNDED BT EDWARD ROSEWATER VICTOR ROSUWATER, EDITOR. Entered t Omthi postoffire as second :) matter. TERMS OV SUBSCRIPTION. Dally Re (without Sundsy), one year.. WOO Daily Bee and Sunday, one year J0 DELIVERED BT CARRIER. Tairr B (Including Sunday). per week..1iw Dally Bee (without Sunday), per week...1oc Fvening Bra (without Sunday). per week o Evening Be (with Hunday). per week...lOc Smday Bee. on year $ Saturday Bee, ona year I.M Address all eomplalnta of Irregulsrltles In delivery to City Circulation Department. OFFICES. Omaha The Bee Building. Sijth Omaha Twenty-fourth and N. Council Rhiffa 15 Scott Street. Lincoln fill Little Building. . Chicago IMS Marquette Building. New Tork-Rnnnis 1101-110$ No. 84 West fwenty-thlrd Street. . Washington 725 Fourteenth Street, N. W. CORRESPONDENCE. Communications relating; to new and edi torial matter should ba addreaaed: Omaha bee,' Editorial Department. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or poatal order ffavsble to The Bee Publishing Company. 'Jnv 2-cent stamps received In payment of nail account. Personal checks, except on Omaha or eaatern exchsnges, not accepted. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. Jtste of Nebraska, Douglas County, aa.: George B. Tsachuck. treaaurer of The Bee Puhltahlng company, being duly worn, aaya that the actual number of full and complete copies of The Dally, Morning. Evening; and Sunday Bee printed lurln the menth of January, 109, waa aa follows. 1 .."..88.600 IT 38,100 2 38,830 IS WW I 38,900 1 88380 4........-, aa,iao :o ae.oso 5 38,010 21 39,180 7,M , 22 31,030 7 X8.400 21 38,880 S 38,300 24 37,800 38,400 26 39,010 10 88,900 21 190 11 88,310 27 3940 12 ,... 38,370 ' 28 38,990 13... 38,890 29 39,030 II 38,870 SO 38,800 II 38,690 81 37,700 10 38,830 Total 1,198,130 Leas unsold and returned copies. 10,418 Nat total 1,180,714 Dally average ; 34,344 OEOROB B. TZ8CHUCK. ' Treasurer. Subscribed In my presence and sworn to before me this 2d day of February, 1909. (Seal) M. P. WALKER, Notary Public, when out or TOWJT., Sabsertbers leaving the city tem porarily akenla hare The Bee ailed te thesn. Address will be haae aa eftea mn reaested. "Remember th Maine" atlll . ilea In Havana harbor. Turkey is atlll trying to get the bulge on Bulgaria. Tbe senatorial stable in Illinois ap pears to be full of dark horses. Milwaukee Is 63. rears old, but baa been acting like sixty for a good many year. The present congress cannot waste much more time, as K nag little time to waste. Uncle Sam and Cuba have been di vorced and Cuba hag been allowed to resume her maiden name. Lillian Russell announces that she -ill not appear in vaudeville any more, matrimonial or otberwlae. A snake storm is reported from San Franclaco. Tbe temperance advocates do overlook a bet occasionally. Captain Seall of the Republic is a hero, all right. "I cannot make a speech and will not try," says he. Tbe Chicago scools are going to teach simplified riting, which Is go ing stll ahed of simplified spellng. Speaking of salaries that need to be Increased, Jack Binns, the wireless operator of the Republic, draws but $12 per week. Of course, it is "unprofessional" for Artist Leavitt to make public personal letters written to him by his distin guished father-in-law. The Michigan wool dealers have pe titioned congress to pass a "pure clothing" law. We're for it, If it puta a ban on the green hat. ' Congressman Willett's attack on the president waa his maiden speech, and aome rude newspapers are refer ring to It as hie "inaugural bawl." The Venetuelsns muat not be feel ing well tbla winter. They have pulled off but two very ordinary revolutions since President Gomez was Inaugu rated. TJp to date the Commoner has not explained bow Colonel Guffey came to be chosen "unanimously" as demo cratic national committeeman In Penn sylvania. The Lincoln centenary celebration has already begun over in Chicago, but Omaha will make up In the qual ity of its celebration what it may lack In quantity. The Washington base ball team wants to change Its name, having grown tired or "The Senators" and "The Nationals." All tight, how will 'The 'Possums" do? On March 4 the country will have soma word from Mr. Taft about condi tions at Panama and the country will accept It in preference to the mouth In ga of Ralney and Blgelow. Those Douglas county legislators did not talk up so "essay" to Mayor Jim while they were running for elec tion aa they do now after they have vottea ob the payroll at Lincoln. Jupiter's eighth moon has been pho tographed. Jupiter ahould feel re lieved to know that its eight moons are real and not the kind one aeea when he baa been out late at night. AO CHASOt IX THE SHKRMAX LAW. In a report indefinitely postponing the bill amending the Sherman anti trust law, the Judiciary committee of the senate flatly rejects President Roosevelt a plan for the control of truats, a plan that was concurred in by the National Civic Federation and embodied in the bill offered toy Sena tor Warner of Missouri. The Sher man law places all corporations, as well as individuals, in the aame cate gory, ao far as it prohibits combina tions in restraint of trade. The Warner bill separates these classes into those engaged in interstate commerce and those not subject to such laws. It provides for a system of registration and allows the railroads to form cer tain combinations, subject to the ap proval of the Interatate Commerce commission, which la given authority to decide whether the combination is In restraint of trade and, if so, to for bid it. On this point the committee report says: The difference between the two classes of corporations Is this that in the case of common carriers, the Interstate Com merce commission is given the power of determining the question of reasonable ness or unreasonableness in the first In stance, while aa to the other corporations this power Is conferred on the commis sioner of corporations. In the one case the power of giving a quasi, or qualified. Immunity, from criminal and civil prose-1 cution is conferred on the commissioner of corporatlona, and In the other case on the Interstate Commerce commission. In both cases the power of determining, without notlee or hearing, whether a con tract or combination In general restraint of trade is reasonable or not, a power which, as we have herein shown the courts deny to themselves, Is conferred on the mere head of a bureau In one case and on a apeclal body In another case, and by thus making civil and criminal prosecution hinge on the question of rea sonableness or vfureasonableness It de stroys, as we shall hereafter show, the provisions of the act as to criminal pros ecutions, and renders them nugatory, and opens the door wide to doubt and uncer tainty as to civil prosecutions. ' The result Is that, technically as to criminal prosecutions and practically as to civil prosecutions, a dispensing power, a power of granting Immunity, is. In the one case, conferred on a mere bureau head, and In the other caae on an ad ministrative body, and In both cases with out notice or hearing and wholly ex parte a course of procedure that would not be tolerated In any court of our country. Bhall we confer a power upon the mere head of a bureau that the Parliament of England were unwilling to accord to tha king, and which they regarded as a men ace to their liberties?. To do so would be a most serious departure from the fundamental principles of our government, and would do violence to what we con ceive to be due process of law. This part of the report is but a repetitlon'of the argument persistently made against the plan proposed by the president. It has been contended that the enactment of the proposed law would place all interstate commerce at the mercy of the Judgment of an ad ministrative official, making, it is con tended, a government of personal power and discretion rather than a government of principle and law. While this point may be open to argument, the second feature of the report is nothing short of ridiculous. This, in brief, declares that the Sher man law needs no amendment, nut is a model. Speaking of the proposal to make the anti-trust law apply only to "unreasonable" combinations and re straints of trade, instead of to all such combinations, as the law now stands, the committee says: To amend the anti-trust act. as sug gested by this bill, would be to entirely emasculate It. and for all practical pur poses render it nugatory aa a remedial atatute. Criminal prosecutions would not lie and civil remedies would labor under the greatest doubt and uncertainty. The act as it exlata is clear, comprehenalve, certain and highly remedial. It prac tical covers the field of federal Juris, diction, and in every reaped a model law. To deatroy or undermine It at the present Juncture, when combinations are on the Increaae, and appear to be as ob livious aa ever of the rights of the pub lic, would be a calamity. This amounts practically to an ex pression of opinion by the senate com mittee that there is no need of im provement of a law, the defects of which have been plainly pointed out by the supreme court of the United States. The report of the committee, which ends all prospect of any anti trust legislation at this session, serves to emphasise the fact that the rail roads and the big industrial combina tions have not yielded their fight against the Roosevelt policies. THE QUESTION OF REVENUES. President Roosevelt has been in conference recently with Secretary Cortelyou and the heads of the appro priations committees of congress on the conditions of the treaaury and the problem of how to increaae the reve nues of the government to meet de mands certain to be made upon it within the next year. The record shows that unless some Improvement shows up in, treasury conditions the government may have to resort to loans to meet current expenditures. The immediate cause for apprehen sion is the steady decrease In the gold held in the federal treasury. This total is now but $44,090,000 or $37, 000,000 less than at the beginning of the year. Of this amount about $17, 000.000, the supply of free gold, is being depleted chiefly by bank note redemptions that call for payment of redeemed notes to the remitting banks, which payment was made in expectation of the prompt reimburse ment by these banks of the redemp tion fund. The delay in this reim bursement process is due to the con gested condition of the bank note re demption division of the Treasury de partment, owing to the redundant cir culation Issued during the panic. Con gress has thus far refused to increaae the working forcee of the department sufficient to dispose of tbla accumula tion of buslnesa. The recovery of the free gold sup ply of the treasury will, however, fur nish no permanent relief other than to save the eeeretary from making, an other call upon national hanks to re turn their holdings of government funds in order to keep Ihe working balance of the treasury et its normal atate. The disbursements of the gov ernment are still far In excess of the revenues and some provision muat soon bo made to provide additional revenuer. The appropriations that must be made by the present congress will rail for outlays which promise to absorb all the surplus funds of the treasury, about $163,000,000, by the end of the fiscal year In June, 1910. The only way to defer the overlap Is a rapid recovery In customs and revenue receipts or some provision out of new sources of revenue. The deficit for the current year is already $79, 000,000 and promises to be more than the $115,000,000 predicted by Secre tary Cortelyou as the probable deficit for the year ending June 30, 1909. However pressing the conditions may be, it is recognized that it is an embarrassing proposition for any ad ministration to have to borrow for current expenses in times of peace and the party leaders are beginning to realize the Importance of seeking some real solution of the fiscal prob lems pressing on the treasury. AS EMPHATIC ANSWER. m The lurid efforts of Congressman Rainey of Illinois to Implicate Mr. Taft, through his brother, Charles P. Taft, in negotiationa connected with the Panama canal purchase, have met a prompt denial from Mr. Charles P. Taft, which fair-minded persons will accept as conclusive. In the course of a brief but pointed letter on the Subject, Mr. Taft declares that he has: Never had any business association of ny kind, past, present or prospective. with William Nelson Cromwell, or with anyone else, past, preseat or prospective, on the Isthmus of Panama. The entire and evident purpose of Mr. Ralney's speech In congress waa to attempt to fix in the president elect's brother some connection with a grant and railroad concession in Panama and, by implication, to con nect W. H. Taft, then secretary of war, with the concession. Acceptance of Ralney's charge could not but con nect President-elect Taft with the deal, as it would have been impossi ble for it to have been negotiated without his knowledge and official consent. Charles P. Taft's denial has been accepted fully by Mr. Rainey, who de clares that he does not "desire to con trovert In any way the statement of Mr. Taft," but he takes occasion to renew and add to his charges against Mr. Cromwell. He cites no records or evidence in support of any of his charges and forces the suspicion that his arraignment of Mr. Cromwell has no better foundation in fact than his assault upon Mr. Taft, which he now admits was based on purely hearsay. MUNICIPAL REFORM. The reform of municipal govern ment is not a local problem, but, on the contrary, is one that almost con stantly confronts all our American cities. Just now the Massachusetts legislature is grappling with a pro gram for municipal reform for the city of Boston, which synopsited em braces these principal features: 1. A simplified ballot, with aa few namea thereon as possible. 2. The abolition of party nominations. 3. A city council consisting of a single body elected at large. 4. The concentration of executive power and responsibility In the mayor. 6. The adminiatration of the depart ments by trained experts, or persona with apeclal qualifications for the office. f. Full publicity secured through a per manent finance commission. Contrast this with the program of legislative charter tinkering for Omaha. Instead of a simplified bal lot with as few names thereon as pos sible, the effort is to make more and more offices elective to the utter con fusion of voters who cannot possibly choose intelligently for so many places. Instead of the abolition of party nominations to insure nonpartisan ship, the move is In the other direc tion, as witness the elimination of the bi-partisan features of the present po lice board. Instead of concentrating executive power and responsibility in the mayor, Omaha is threatened with a still further scattering of power among ir responsible subordinates and boards. Inatead of the administration of the departments by trained experts there Is nothing o prevent the political pull from being the factor most potent. The promoters of the reform of mu nicipal government in Boston are men who have made a study of city govern ment, while Omaha's charter tinkerers are. with but one or two exceptions, men whose horizon does not pass ward politics. 'TWAS NOT ALWAYS THUS.' Thejirotest of Mr. Bryan and the echo in the local democratic organ against qualifying the University of Nebraska to participate in the super annuation pensions for its professors under the Carnegie Foundation ahould not be taken too seriously, because 'twas not always thus. There was a time not long ago when the World Herald waa valiantly championing tbe claim of Mr. Bryan that he stood bo close to the great steel magnate as to be entitled to tbe chief credit of pro curing from him the donation with which to erect a new building for the Lincoln city library. The whole story is told in this extract from a dispatch to the World-Herald under date of De cember 37. 1899: A telegram received by the Lincoln Joumaa last, night from W. J. Bryan at Auatln. Tea., conflrma the news published In the World-Herald some days ago that Mr. Bryaa bad been Instrumental In se curing from Andrew Carnegie the gift of I7i too for the city cf Lincoln, to be used In thj erection of a modern public library building The telrgrsm follows: AtTIN. Tex . Pro. IS. To the Journal: Mrs. Bryan has hern corrrnpnnitlng with H'.n. Andrew earned In regard to a pub-II"- 111 rsry bunding for l.lm oln. Slie has jum rerelved a letter from him, dated Lv-i-embri- 20. savins: "If the-library has a gom Start Hlren.lv and la maintalnnri hv puhlli- tax. I would be glad to give the in. .,! 10 nuna a nrcproor llhrarv. would lf.ci.nnn he sufficient T I think probably $7o.ftno would he needed. Would you Mndlv confer Kith 1Iiim nhn lib. tl, deepest Intercut In the llbrarv and let me know - Mrs. Bryan has written to Mr. Carnegie In favor of the larger building "in win man Mr. I'arnerlo's letter to Mr. Gere, president of the Llhrarv association. W. J. BRYAN. Of course, it is all right, to solicit Mr. Carnegie's money for a library building, but all wrong to permit re tired university professors to take It as a pension allotment. The wires must have, gotten crossed somewhere. Here comes the local democratic organ protesting against the transfer of the juvenile court pa tronage from tbe Judges of the dis trict court to the county commission ers just at the same moment that a bill is pushed through the bouse to re store the election of county commis sioners by commissioner districts for tbe purpose of increasing the chances of democratic control of the county board. This judicial district, aa now constituted, is brutally republican, while several of the commissioner dis tricts are normally democratic. As said at the outset, there must be a mistake somewhere. Although it is still trying to evade a direct answer, the World-Herald practically declares that it ia not "for the good of Omaha" to build a uni versity here with any money that ever belonged to Rockefeller or Carnegie. Of course, if Omaha .does not want their money for such a public purpose, neither Rockefeller nor Carnegie is likely to thrust it upon us. Instead of making the city treasurer of South Omaha a deputy of the county treasurer, the legislature should make the county treasurer ex- officio city treasurer for South Omaha. To impose on a public officer a deputy chosen for him without his knowledge or consent is reversing the usual prac tice. President Connors of the Oklahoma State Prison board reports that there have been thirty-seven murders in one county of that state in the last year and that all of the jails are full of crim inals. Connors is due to be arrested for "a conspiracy to defame" Governor Haskell's reputation. Congress has just discovered that the country 'has a lot of navy yards which battleships cannot reach owing to lack of water depth. Still, "Pork Bar'l" appropriation bills are nice things for congressmen to have. The appropriation for aerial naviga tion experiment by the army signal corps at the two stations . of Fort Myer and Fort;Omaha have been re duced from the original figures. Clipped its wlngg, go to speak. Cuba has agreed to pay Spain $300, 000 for war materials left in Cuba by Spain at the time of tbe 8panish evac uation. The United States might have saved Cuba that money by claiming the material as spoils of war. Some traveling men object to hav ing jokes cracked over the nine-foot bed sheet bill. If they are not care ful the traveling men will lose their reputation for possessing the sense of humor on all occasions. A Chicago professor says that all children are liars. A learned author ity declares that "all men are chil dren," and the psalmist is on record as stating that "all men are liars." That squares the circle. Chief Wilkle wants more money for the secret service department. He will get it if he can create the impres sion that every congressman who votes against It has been, or should be, shadowed. " Vanity Takea a Fall. Chicago News. President Roosevelt's cheerful effort to teach the senate etiquette must pain that august body, which has always prided It self on Its perfectly elegant manners. Devotion to the Pablle Service. ' New York Sun. If Mr. Taft were merely a selfish and ambitious man he would not have Incurred the risks of a journey to the Panama Canal anrys on the eve of his Inauguration aa president. His present undertaking aurely proves his devotion to tt public service. But was there ever any doubt of It? Lincoln and Hla Whisker. Springfield Republican. The head of Lincoln on one of our silver coins in common uae, probably the half dollar, would doubtleaa be welcomed tjy the people. Bat the question arises, should the head be dealgned with or without whiskers? In Lincoln's case, the whiskers were never worn until the last three years of his life. Masters Occasionally. Ban Francisco Chronicle. The latest statement of the operation of the ao-called 8teel trust shows greatly di minished profits. It is interesting to note the fact, as It successfully disposes of the curious assumption that combinations can act in defiance of the laws of trade. In this case diminishing profits unmistakably Indicate that the consumer is tha master of the situation, Juat as he ia when, in his eagerness to get products, he eagerly bids for them and push up prices. Hare) Medlnal . Experimenter. Baltimore American. A young doctor In the west, of rugged health, went through a serious operation to teat the correctness of a theory on an important matter. When it comes to be ing his own experimental subject, a man ia in earnest about the theory he holds. And a theory ao much In as meat la worth even more than respectful attention. As a rule, the theorists prefer to demonstrate accuracy on aombody or aomething else, especially when the demonj'rjLtlon.Ja pain ful or uncomfortable. BIT OF vVASHIXGTOS LIFE. Preliminary Kirk Hotel Rates fer Inaaaaratloa Tlaare. Intending partlcipanta In the Inaugural cerrmonlee at the national capital March 4 are advlaed to lake along a roll Of bills fat enough to pack a suitcase. Hotel prices sie soaring and promise to stay up In the air till the show Is over. The altitude f prices so daizled Congressman 81ms of Tennessee one day last week that he ex ploded with' oratory tinged with wrath. Mr. Blms declared that one of the local hotels of the cheeper sort, "operated on the American plan." wrote to a member of tha house that Its rates "range from (30 up ward, each person, for a period of five days." snd thst the price for a room with bath would be 1125 for the five days. An other hotel of the cheaper sort wrote that it would make no engagement for rooms for a shorter period thsn five days, and that it would charge $11 a day. or ttl for the five days, for two connecting rooms on the second sleeping floor, "no bath or run ning water," and would charge $13 a day for two adjoining rooms on the side street of the hotel.' "Our rates for suites with bsth, fronting Pennsylvania avenue, are $30 per day for five days." M. I. Weller of the committee of arrangements has given out a statement calculated to reas sure Intending visitors that "gouging or ex tortion" will not be tolerated. "Except," he says, "where there are front rooma with windows looking out on th Una of parsde to be considered. In the arrange ment for quarters, the Washington hotels have not advanced their rates for the time when the new president and vice president will be Inducted Into office. Windows along Pennsylvania avenue are being sold at a scale of prices extending from UO upward." Practically every hotel In town has closed its bookings for the Ina Only two of the large hotele have any rooms lert and these ara anlna- fmmt Vnr the benefit of those who cannot afford to pay exorbitant hotel rates tha loo.i mm. mlttee has prepared a list of boarding nouaea where loddnaa snd meala mav ha secured at fairly reasonable rates. The cnarges average $2 per day for each per son, without meals: some places Quote a price of $1.50. Every room or suite that la registered with the committee In this way Is carefully Inspected as to sanitary condi tions, cleanliness and toilet tannin. apartments thst are not spick and span are ioi registered. The Washington correspondent of the New Tork Evening Post asserts that tha senate will break both presedent and tra dition In the important committee to which oenator-eiect Root will be assigned. "It Is practically an understood thing that Senator Root will have the place vacated by Senator Foraker on the committee on foreign relations. This will be In the na ture of a tribute to Mr. Root's n.rlM mm secretary of state, and an acknowledge ment of his grasp and first-hand knowlsdars of all the preaent detaila ot our foreign policies and relations. Of course. It Is emi nently fitting that a man of Mr. Root's peculiarly efficient equipment and knowl edge of foreign affairs should be given a piace on this important senate committee. But the senate la not given to doing- the peculiarly ntllng- thing except la excep tional cases. Under the ordinary usage the new senator, whatever hla abilities -in any special line, must expect to receive unimportant committee work. The desir able assignments aa reserved for the man of long service." It is said that the two richest mamhara of the aenate are Vnole "Ike" Stephenson of Wisconsin and Vnole "Steve" Elklns of West Virginia. The millions ot each run up to a dlssy height, but It is understood that young Senator Guggenheim of Colo rado declares that he can atack up millions as high as either of his associates. Guggenheim made hla millions out of mining; Uncle "Steve" a-ot Ms from West Virginia coal properties and railroads, and uncle "ike amassed his ' fortune from the primeval forests of the northwest. Uncle "Ike." by the wav. has fallen Into disfavor with his business assoclatea be cause of hla advocacy of the removal of the duty on lumber. This is a oolttical necessity on the part of the senator, and s not prompted by tne wish to dispose of his timber holdings at cheap rates, al though he can well afford to sufter a re duction in bis income. The Congressional Record devotes sev eral pages to a verbatim report of a debate in the aenate the other day on the question of appropriating a few hundred dollars for the removal of snow from the aide walks, streets and gutters of the oity of Washington. The debate enlisted the finest talent of the senate, and the question of providing the requisite funds wherewith to remove the anow that had fallen in a single storm waa considered in all its varied phases, practical and constitutional, A perusal of the numerous pagea and col umns of this debate serves as a reminder that the aenate of the United States Is also entitled to rank aa the board of aldermen of the District of Columbia. PERSONAL NOTES. Robin W. Caubls, a confederate war vet eran and one ot Prealdent Jefferson Davis' bodyguards, died recently at hla home in Atlanta. Hon. John Sinclair, who has been secre tary for Scotland since IMS, hss just been raised to the peerage. His elevation la due to Premier Asqulth's desire to have a member of the cabinet Intimately connected with Scotland in the upper house. A remarkable case, unique In the history of all the consulsr corps ot the world. Is that of the American consul at Gibraltar. Mr. Sprague is the third successive genera tion if his family to hold the post of con sul, his grandfather and his father having held it before him. Tom Williams, the leader of horse racing In California. Is feeling particularly sore over the prospect thst the legislature may spoil his job. Williams, however, Is very rich, aa a few years ago he Indulged in the luxury of shooting a man, and the affair waa regarded as an incident. Mrs. Josephine Wells, who had refused for several years to allow a phystclaa to pi escribe for her, being. It is claimed, a faith curlst, died in St. Louis, and a phy sician reported to the coroner that she had hypertrophled heart, tubercular lungs, cirr hosis of the liver, peritonitis, gangrene ef the pancreas, nephritic kidneys and gas tritis. Some of the diseaaea had existed for years. It Is proposed to erect next summer at Hingham, Miss., a high towsr with a chime of bells, on the hftl near the Old Ship church, aa a memorial to the first settlers, on the occaalon of the celebration of the town's STith anniversary. Many old Hingham famillat have become famous, but it ia not generally known that this town was the early home ot the anceatora of Abraham Lincoln. Single-handed and alone, Deputy United States Marshall W. M. Mays, who hss cap. tiered more mountain desperadoes than any other officer In Kentucky, went Into the mountains of Whitley eounty bearing warranta for the seres, of Berry Simp son. "Rube West" and George Stanley, who are charged with being the ringlead ers in the recent troubles between striking minera and deputy marshals at Stearae. which have resulted In three .deaths and mmvmwmi weundad. s ) o yl(ylsa(ing Absolutely Pare Trie only baking oowder a I made from Royal Grape Cream of Tartar. NEBRASKA PRESS COMMENT. Sxeter Enterprise: if the Nebraska sen ate continues to follow the dictation of the Omaha crowd there Isn't likely to be an other d em oc ratio legislature In this state for thirty years. Tork Times: The democratic legislature ia etui twitching at the coat tails ot the supreme court. They claim there la a con stitutional question Involved that ought to be settled, but the real object seems to be to get more democrats on the bench. Bridgeport News-Blade: Nebraska Is scarcely ready to Invest $4,000,000 or $5,000,- 00ft in a new capltol building at Lincoln. Some day thla atate capital will be moved to a point near the center of population, regardless of what present day schemers may do In the way of nailing it down. Kearney Hub: Judge Oldham will have something doing In the supremo judgeship matter or bust both suspenders In the ef fort- The Judge is a democrat of the "A. J." brand, who will not permit any political epotls or office to remain with the enemy until the last armed foe has expired in an effort to wrest it from him. Sterling Sun: One of the Nebraska legis lators Is evidently .afraid of being kid naped unawarea and has introduced an amendment to the lobby law providing that each lobbyist ahall not only be registered. but shall wear a badge in plain view, so that, he can be recognised by the timid legislators before Uiey get too close. Plattsmouth Journal: From all reports those members of the legislature who are favoring a bank deposit guaranty are find ing it hard aleddlng. The people voted for this act and meant It to be one which would guarantee them and give them Im mediate payment in the event of failure and most of the democratic members know this. They must and will pass an "Immediate" payment btil. - Culberteon Banner: The democratic leg islature realised that the country la pros perous and that money Is "easy." Appro priation bills of $20,000 to pay the Incidental expenses, and $SO,000 for salaries of mem bers and employee of tbe legislature have already passed both houses. As the mem bers cannot draw in excess of $38,900 for their services for the session this leaves the goodly sum of $40.100 which may be distributed among faithful democrats who get ea the payroll as "employes." Central City on pa roll: The suspicious actions of the legislature have made even Edgar Howard dubious of the final out come and In a bold-face clarion call he I warns the unfaithful bourbons not to for get their campaign pledges. Edgar Is afraid that sinister influences are at work on the members and with the threat of an "oblivion bleak and black," he tries to scare the forgetful statesmen out of dalli ance back to tbe line of duty. For the good of old Nebraska we are hoping he may succeed, but with the record of past demo cratic sessions before us. It ia hard to make Our faith follow our hope Burwell Tribune: We have but one kick to register on the present legislature and It la the aame one that we charge up to every legislative gathering since time be gan. It ia the burdening of the legislative pay roll with a long string of useless and practically worthless employes. There are a snore and more leechea attached to the preaent legislature and drawing their five per day that the state could well afford to be without. But there are political debts to pay resrardleae of the party that may be in power and it is generally conceded the easiest way to get relief from these obli gations Is to saddle tha debtors onto the atate pay roll during the legislative meet ing and then let the taxpayers do the rest. Central City Record: That m bank guar antee of aome nature will be passed by the preaent legislature la among the strong probabilities. The battle. It seems likely now, will be over whether the law shall presort be "Immediate" or "prompt" pay ment of depositor. There can bo but one understanding to the word "immediate," vis., payment upon demand aa aoon as the state officers take control. The word "prompt," however, is susceptible of vary ing degreee of definition. It might mean practically the same as immediate, or H might mean payment only after a more or less extended examination of the defunct bank. The ideal system, of course, would be payment cm demand as aoon as the state Officers assumed charge. There would seem to be no good reason why "prompt payment will not serve the purpose as well aa "immediate," provided the proper defini tion Is given to "prompt." A Tamed Bally. Kansas City Star. A Standard Oil brief pleading for mercy baa been filed in the Missouri supreme court The biggest bully, you know, is always the one who blubbers all over the court room when sentence is pronounced. The Spread Use it instead of the flavor and be benefited RgO is a tweet with a la eeMksM Snm. ISa, as, a . i mmtin tmlrtMtcCaeBa SNlW XSSrSl e-" - " ' t War 'Baking Powder I Jjj WHO IS THE REAL HBROf Inventor Marronl the Wonder Wsrkel ot Sea Mfs. fxnilaville Courier-Journal. As manhood reads the story of the dis aster to the steamer Republic, perusos the stirring narratives of the passengers, pic tures the anxiety on the hundreds of faces, Imagines the Florida standing by to giv.s help to the dintresssed steamer, the Baltic, the Gresham snd the other good vessels hur rying to the sinking vessel, the long, trying, perilous process of transferring tho pas sengers snd crew from the Republic to the Florida, and again from thn Florida to the Baltic as mankind does this and feels the thrill of the episode there looms over the whole incident one name and one fit ure. tho name and figure of the youn Italian: Marconi. Marconi was the best frlrnd of tin stricken passengers and crew out there in the deep remote, Isolated, helpless. Hit physical self was not present, but his ab stract self was there, busy, tireless, magi cal and potent. In the shape of the wtrelesi instrument. From the being of Marconi's genius was sprung this voice which was to send a message to those who could help and save. Wherever Marconi waa In the flesh, there on the aea was his greatest self doing a miracle for the hundreds who stood In the presence of death doing a miracle which Is beyond the power of man to com prehend. ... So to the inspiration, the visions, th daring, the skill, the supernatural and the superhuman in Marconi Is the vast debt due for the rescue ot those on the Re public. The captains of the Baltic, th Greshsm and the rest were splendid in their labors, but It waa the spirit of Mar coni calling with the instrument that madt It possible for them to know they wers needed. To Marconi be the glory. To the Italian wonder worker go the shouting and cheers of the race. He snatched tho per ishing from death. SUNN V GUMS. "That, my dear," aald the husband wh had been supping not wisely, but too well, "was a real soul kiss." "Bo I judge." said the wife, wlthdrawini coldly from his embrace, "from the amount of spirit I notice in it." Baltimore Ameri can, "Do you think posterity will recognlsi youi" . "No." answered Senator Sorghum, "not tnless I am lucky enough to strike s sculptor more than ordinarily successful in preserving likenesses." Washington Star. Tho professor waa writing something ir a small notebook. "Making an addition to my visiting list," he explained to the doctor. "Your visiting liat?" queried the doctor. "Tea; thla is a record of the close calls I have had in dodging automobiles." Cliimajc Tribune. "My operation for appendicitis ought ir get me considerable social recognition Don't you think so?" "That depends. How much did it cost you and who carved?" Kansas City Journal. "How do you want your bedroom celling decorated'.'" "Like the bottom of a touting car." Mid the motorist. "Then It will arem natural when I awake in the morning." Phila delphia Ledger. Muslo Teacher (sadly) I thought I saw a pupil In that girl. Cynical Friend That waa just In your eye. Baltimore American. "Speaking of Joan or Arc. heroes were scarce in her time and yet they evidently wanted history to believe the contrary." "Why?" "Didn't they act toward her as If they had heroes to burn?" Chicago Tribune. "Public life ia getting too strenuous," sighed the seator. There wast a sympathetic response. "Yes," he went on, "it is comparatively simple to buy a legislature, but to buy the voters Individually Involves wearisome and expensive detail." Philadelphia Ledger. SfftlN ii POETS I Spring poets? What waa that? Hark! Methinke I heard a sarcastic remark, But I've learned through adversity not t resent 'em For they only furnish us needed mo mentum; And however hard hearts may be ia mid winter. In April, somehow, they always begin to Thaw out into welcome an' smile at the pest The dreaded spring poets along with the rest. These scoffers' bark la far worse than' their bite I suspect they take a secret delight In readin' spring poems In some favorite book'n A scrlbblin' spring couplets when nobody's lookin'. When the first thrill of spring ia felt In the land An' the bluebird arrives then their feetln's expend. An' hard-hearted scoffer an' poet an bird Take an equal delight in ai-tin' absurd. Omaha. BAYOLL N. TREUD. Great for Vread other sweets; you'll enjoy' by its purity. food value. as. aaaf f raa aa raaaail. ' 1 ft