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The Omaha Sunday Bee.
FOR ALL THE NEWS THE OMAHA BEE BEST IN THE WEST PART SIJC, ELECTRICAL PAGES 1 TO 8. VOL. XXXVIII NO. 4fi. OMAHA, SUNDAY MOHNIXCl, MAY 2, 130!). SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS. ELECTRICAL SHOW TO STRIKE SPARK FOR THE PUBLIC Educational Purpose of the Exhibit Its Dominant Note and All the Wonders of the Science Will Be Shown to Visitors by Experts in Handling of Electricity -V 4$ 3 .2? . 'i. ' ;0 r- U L' n ' ... r . ...... . ,. i .... f " ? f V I f ' tip D OENERAL VIEW OF THE CHICAGO ELECTRIC SHOW. . O STRIKE a spark with the public." In a few words this is the explanation of the "why" of an electrical enow being held each year in Omaha as given by Its incorporators. "That means to bring to the attention of the people of Omaha how much more comfortably and conveniently they may live when they take advantage of. all the electrical appliances which are on the market and within the reach of the ordinary man," says Wilbur Burgess, secretary of the show. "It is educational," says President O. W. Johnston. "In no other way could people become acquainted with the practical uses to which electricity is put every day and in no other way could Omaha be as thoroughly Informed as to the possibilities of electricity as by at tending those annual electrical shows. If Chicago gives a show each year and Omaha does not, thousands of Chicago homes, offices and business houses will have electrical appliances of which Omaha has only heard. The show Is a necessity to keep up modern living." . Manager J. M. Gillan says: "Day by day and year by year elec tricity is weaving a more complete network of utility in the busy world about us. In fact, the transition has been so rapid that It is almost startling when we consider the progress that has been made in the electrical world during the last thirty or forty years. This exposition will be a palpable demonstration of the wonderful things already accomplished by electricity and a book of prophecy upon the marvelous triumphs that await the furthr development of this mar velous form of nature's energy. Last year the show illustrated a few things and gave people an Idea of the many uses of electrical appliances with which they were already somewhat familiar. This year we will show the new things as well as the old, demonstrating this practical use of the energy in the Bhop, office, home, in the army and on the (railroad trains. This great demonstration is given by the electricians, electrical supply houses and the Omaha Electric Light and Power company without a directly selfish motive. The men are making the investment with the hope at some future time their business as well as all other lines of business will profit by the more common use of electricity, just as those who have organized the National Corn Exposition and are consistently boosting it, hope that all business will prosper more when the farmers give the world more food." Already Omaha is an "electrical city" in the place of using gas to such an extent for lighting and steam and gasoline engines for power. A few years ago It was the other way. Not many houses were wired for electrical lighting. Now the modern residences homes which are homes at all being erected in Omaha, are not only weird for lighting, but are wierd with another class of conductors for bring ing a stronger current Into the house to bo used for power or heat ing. Looking Into the future those who supply the electrical current to Omaha cau see the increase in the use of electricity as the shows are given from year to year and plants have been built to care for the needs of Omaha for many years to come. The capacity of the plant which at present furnishes most of the light and power is capable of carrying a load 75 per cent greater than what it Is carry ing at present. With all the Illuminating which is being done by merchants, with all the additional power needed, by factories and shops and the 1,000 new residences which are being erected each year, the supply which can be furnished to Omaha is so great that the Increase is not even felt at the central plant. Five years ago only 2,000 horse power In motors were connected up to the central plant. This year contracts with the main company call for the furnishing of 9,000 horsepower. The increase in the use of electric ity for lighting has been about in the same proportion. With all this surplus electrical energy, a hydro-electrical plant is being projected which promises Omaha access to as much as 50,000 horsepower, about ten times as much as the city now uses and three c o M 4 til' I v,- w Aw .. ,m jr " ANOTHER PRIVATE BOOTH AT CHICAGO SIIOW.- tlmes as much as the maximum of the present plants. All these factors were taken into cons ideration by those who started the electrical show enterprise last year and President F. A.Nash of the Omaha Electric Light and Power company approved the plan submitted by Isaac Zlmman and J. M. Gillan who visited the leading electric shows in the coun try. " They laughed at us In Chicago when we said w were planning an electric show in Omaha," says Mr. Zlmman. "Wo would stand around, and talk with manufactur ers and those in terested In the large electric en terprises. , They talked seriously but had to hold their faces to keep from laughing. "'Why, you couldn't give an. electric show In Omaha unless someone gave you a hundred thousand dollars to pay Its expenses.' "This was the remark of one showman and manufacturer when we talked Omaha Electric show to him. But our best argument was that Omaha was the only city in the country which ever gave a great International exposition and paid the stock holders almost dollar for dollar; that Omaha gave a horse show and broke even on the finances while the pure food shows and every poultry show ever given in Omaha had proven a success, to say nothing about the great Ak-Sar-Ben festival. "All these little reminders helped, but It took the business men here In Omaha to make the show possible. They signed guarantees and whilo one or two said they would rather give a straight amount than sign up a guarantee, they wished afterwards they had become stockholders, as the show made money." With last year's success as a thing to beat, the show will open May 6 and run for ten days this year on the most eleborate plan ever devised for an electrical show. Besides being a plan which will surprise friends of the enterprise, it Is original. It. has been the motto of the promoters of this show as t Is with other expositions held in this city "Omaha don't imitate but Omaha beats her own record each year." t . Perhaps the most original and striking thing about the electrical Show will be the decorating scheme. All other shows in all other cities have been schemes for using electricity in lighting and decorat ing, but none have ever attempted a moving lighting plan before. Chicago had a big field of blue dotted with lamps, some of which went out and then burst forth in light again like twinkling stars. This was all the movement in the Chicago illuminating scheme. It was attractive, looking as it did like the firmament on a "cold clear night of stars." But far be It from Omahans to imitate when it comes to produc ing electrical novelties to which fact numerous street signs testify nightly. The workers went to work. They would have a real moving illumination which would mystify as well as attract the admiration of visitors. E. C. Bennett and J. B. Garnsey were the designers of the big novelty. This ingenious lighting scheme consists of sixteen "caronas" or big domes studded with red and white lights. Inverted, they are suspended in the Auditorium where arc lights ordinarily hang. Something of the light they will make may be imagined when It is known they are eight feet in diameter. Giving a beautiful effect when they are standing still, with the lights going out and coming on symmetrically, always ascending whent coming on, winding and twisting like corkscrews. But the effect is intensified by the caronas revolving themselves. This was a difficult task to keep these sixteen big domes of galvanized Iron whirling and make sure they would not stop and disappoint a crowd of visitors. But no one can see what moves them. The plan Is th most ambitious ever attempted. Fans have been placed down inside the caronas. The current necessary to run one light runs the fan, and when the fan is in motion sucking the air back and forth the big dome turns. That ' accomplishes the most elaborate and original electric decorating scheme ever attempted at any electric show on earth. Fifty-six booths have been arranged for the exhibits, while the stage will be utilized by the Omaha Electric Light and Power com pany with a practical exhibit of "industrial power," which for in terest the management believes will surpass the unique electrical cottage which the company had Jast year. Wide aisles will run between these booths which form the "white way." One hundred and nine white posts capped with electric lights are necessary in partitioning off the booths. The posts are con nected by white railing. Each one of the posts will have eight electric lights on crossbars from the top. But all the light will be thrown down and on the top of the post will be a potted plant not an artificial palm, but a real plant from one of Oma ha's big hothouses. The plan to have all lights throwing their illumination down is another original Idea. They not only make the Auditorium lighter but the rays of thousands of lamps are not penetra ting to the roof. All is darkness above the big caro nas and the roof of the Auditorium cannot be seen. The efect will be at once pleasing and aUo make it u n n e c e s sary to cover the ceilings with bunting or canvas. I n recognition of the enterprise of Omaha electri cians and the merits of th ex position as an educational effort, the United States Light and Power company will publish a daily paper during the ex- government will make an unusual display and the signal corps wire- position. done through the post commander at less telegraph plant will be installed. This is kindness and efforts of Colonel Glassford, the Fort Omaha.' Just In front of the stage the main' wireless station will be in stalled. The antenna for this station will be the one over which communication with Fort Omaha will be made and the message of President Taft will be received to open the show. The president will wire his message of greeting by telegraph to Fort Omaha, then it will be relayed to the wireless and from the military post will be flashed to the Auditorium. The second station for the wireless demonstration will be placed to the right of the main entrance at the front of the booths. Here visitors may stop and send wireless telegrams to themselves or friends. The message will go out over the top of the building and be received at the other end of the building, where it will be deliv ered to the parties addressed. , Not less interesting than the exhibit to be made by the United States army will be the block signal plant and electrical experiment work which will be shown by the Union Pacific Railroad company. This will be in charge of Dr. Frederick Mlllner and Is given through the kindness of A. L. Mohler, vice president and general manager. The block signal plant will not be a model, but the full-sized equip ment will be used, showing how trains "hop" from point to point on the railroads which use this system, absolutely in control of the elec trical blocks. Visitors who do not believe a block signal will prevent a train wreck, or that some operator asleep may prevent them from work ing, will be shown that the blocks used on the Union Pacific are not susceptible to human weakness and negligence when once Installed, but that trains run by them are safe from wreckage. Dr. Millner, who is recognized at one of the men in the country whose work has made mechanics easier and more economical, will give some experi ments at the elec- trlcal show which are almost "too good to believe." Welding iron un der water is only a suggestion of the surprises which the electrician of the Union Paclflo will have for visi tors. The Omaha Electric Light and Power company will occupy the en tire stage with its "industrial power" exhibit, which Is ' to be divided into eight booths. (These divisions will show the fol lowing; (1) Electricity in the machine shop, running lathes, drills and band saws. (2) Electro platlng, showing how silver, gold and copper are put on metals known as "plated ware." (3) Manufac turing electrical machinery. (4) Electricity in the clothing factory, a knife cutting out gar ments by the hundred "just like sawing wood." (6) Shoe repairing by electnety, where the thin sole and dis figured heel is ripped off and replaced In a machine, together with patches where the "corns pressed through.". (6) Electricity in the creamery, working butter and manufac turing ice cream. (Samples of the ice cream will be distributed). (7) Machinery of the bakers operated by electricity, mixing dough and baking buns. (8) Electricity in the printing office. In this booth the Electric Crane & Co. are planning an exhibit which will bo a rcguia premier on electricity.". They will show appliances from batteries to the most complicated machinery, making it possible for anyone to see as near as anyone In the world has ever seen, where electricity, comes from. That the displays in minor electrical appliances will be a wholo new world to many goes without saying. Literally carloads of new appliances have been shipped .to Omaha by local dealers and out siders, that they might show the goods for the first time at tho Omaha Electrical show. The fixture houses, which have secured exclusive designs in lamps and found them selling, are making tha provision that" they are not to be dflivcred until after the big show. These new things for the home will be shown in endless profusion, from the den lamps to the showers for the dining room. Last year almost everything was included, but with the fixture houses the motto this year is "only new Ideas." That, an electric Incubator is practical will be demonstrated by George H. Lee. Mr. Lee has bad some of these incubators "set" for the necessary time to have them hatch during the exposition. "Why, even eggs are made by electricity now," says Mr. Leo. "We have 'set' an Incubator with these artificial eggs. It is hard telling what we will get when the eggs begin to hatch. It is said English terriers' were the result of a recent hatching in Chicago, but We will be contented If we get squabs." The show in Omaha has made the city the permanent meeting place of the Nebraska Electric Light association, , which will meet here during the show and attend it as often as possible. The man agement of the show will give the Nebraska Electric Light associa tion a banquet the evening of May 11. Sons of Jove will also hold their ceremonial during tho show, the initiation coming the evening of May 13. ; " rmril nil1-' -m ' PRIVATE BOOTH AT THE C O ELECTRIC SHOW. Something of the work necessary to prepare for the electrical show may be realized when the fact is known that the Omaha elec tricians having it in charge have held a meeting every Saturday since January 1, while the Omaha Electrical club, which meets Wednesday noons, has had the matter up for discussion, at every meeting since the last show closed a year ago. That the object of the show will be accomplished there is little doubt in the minds of the managers. It was a financial success last year, and this year care will be taken to spend all the money re ceived. This the managers will do by providing the' best of music, both Instrumental and vocal. Miss Blanche Mehaffey, the woman who "sings to beat the band," will sing afternoons and evenings. Progress in the Field of Electrical Application ...... ' v a v " ' i i , : Vv.-vx-i'sh n m iiiiL v J L o J-"A t IT MAY be a difficult task for a woman to keep "a jour" with the rapid and various changes of fashion, but such would sink Into oblivious insignificance compared with the requirements for keeping abreast with the constant new developments In the source and application of electricity. The people at large learn of any new results accomplished by the mystic fluid, but are not familiar with the chauges and variations in the kinds of current necessary for the production of these results. The old fundamental lns for direct current were overthrown with the Introduction of alternating current, and as experiments on high potential and high-frequency ourrent progress, we again find differ ent individuality of our Invisible agent. These changes in currents make necessary new apparatus and new methods for "delivering" the juice. An example of this is furnished by the Omaha Lighting plant within the last ten or twelve years, when single-phase current gave way to the monocyclic, which some years ago was superseded by three-phase current, while the voltage or pressure has been In creased practically from 1,000 volU to more than 8,000, in order to cover the conBtailtly increasing area of a growing city. The Bame would refer to the plant of the street railway company. Up to about two years ago direct current of 500 volts was employed in satisfactory manntr. As the territory, which had to f be covered, grew larger, a different kind of current was necessary to accomplish what to the public would seem to be the same thing, only on a larger scale., In this caBe It was deemed practical to employ alternating in stead of direct current at a pressure of 13,000 volts In stead of the original 600. By recent improvements great progress has been made in long distance electrical power transmission, making it possible to harness waterfalls and centralize power plants, thus cutting down the cost of current. This has also made possible the electrification of railroads and interurban railways, which are rapidly increasing in number. Whether electrification of transcontinental railroads will be feas!ble by our present methods or by storage batteries is one of the questions left open for the future to decide. One thing is sure, and that is, if the latter method shall be adopted we must first produce a battery like the one Edison has promised to present to the world for the last fifteen years. In the line of storage butteries we have made but very little progress since these were first Invented. A commercially successful battery, which is not worth its weight in gold and would not weigh as much as gold, would put electricity "to work" for many purposes, the most Important of which, from present indications, would be for the propelling of automobiles. Late years have seen some wonderful improvements in the production of light by electricity. The foreniost of these is probably the Tungsten incan descent lamp, by which we oan produce better light for less money than by the old carbon filament lamp. This product promises to revolutionize modern artificial lighting, as the Tungsten lamp pro duces a light by which colors can be distinguished almost as easy as by sunlight, and the consumption of current for the same candle power is a little less than one-half of that required by the old style Incandescent lamp. The fact that this lamp will fit into the ordinary lamp socket will help increase its popularity and usefulness. In spite of the fact that we have reason to be proud of this new invention, we must still acknowledge that we are far from the proper solution of producing light in as economical and efficient a manner as by nature's agent, the sun. Light is vibrations of the ether of a certain rapidity and direction. To produce light it should not be necessary to make heat and therefrom derive light.. It will In a dis tant future undoubtedly be possible to produce light directly by im parting to the ether of our atmosphere the vlbratlonB, which are and constitute light. In order to accomplish this we must employ a cur ren of higher potential and frequency than we have thus far been (Continued on Page Two.) , i t , i. i i i I -i - 1 . r .tSfijB-;- n 1 ' . ' ' ' . ' - GENERAL- ELECTRIC -COMPANT AT THE CHICAGO SHOW.