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THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: MAY 9. 1900.
I La t k mm) Come and See A full sized Electric Block Signal in Operation; a track and block signals, showing manner in which signal system is operated; also other electrical devices. CITY RQODE ISLAND TO CELEBRATE Declaration of Independence Wai Hade on May 4, 1776. WAS AN ACT OF THE LEGISLATURE State ' Recall Its General Assembly Acted Early la Ordering; King; George's Name Out of Legal Documents. PROVIDENCE, R. I., May 1. The first Official observance of the anniversary of what la coming ,to be known aa Rhode Is land's declaration of independence will oo . cur on Tuesday next. May 4. The state celebration will be confined to a salute of 100 guns. Individuals and one or two his torical associations will celebrate more ex tensively, and it is likely that within half a dozen years Rhode Island's own Inde pendence day will be as generally observed In the state as Is Patriot's day now In Massachusetts. The Rhode Island declaration of Inde pendence took the form of an act passed May 4, 1776, by the general assembly In . the old state house in Providence, where the Cltlxana' Historical association will hold next Tuesday the chief celebration of the day. The act was as follows: "An act repealing an act entitled 'An act for the mtire effectually securing to his majesty the allegiance of his subjects in this, his colony and dominion of Rhode Island and Providence plantations.' And altering the forma of commissions, of all wrlts. and processes In the courts, and. of the oaths prescribed by law. "Whereas, In all states existing by com pact protection and allegiance are recipro cal, ,1 the latter being only due In conse quence of the former; and, .' King- Severely Arraigned. "Whereas, George the Third. King of Great Britain, forgetting his dignity, re gardless 6f the compact most solemnly entered Into, ratified and confirmed to the Inhabitants of this colony by his Illus trious ancestors, and, til) of late, fully recognised by him, and entirely departing from the duties and character of a good king, Instead of protecting, is endeavoring to destroy the good people of this colony, by sending "-fleets and armies to America to confiscate our property, and spread fire, sword and desolation throughout our' coun try, in order to compel us to submit to the most debasing and detestable tyranny; whereby we are obliged by necessity, and It becomes our highest duty, to use every means with which God and nature have furnished us. In support of our invloable lights and privileges, to oppose that power , which Is exerted only by our destruction. "Be It therefore enacted by the general aasefubly. and by the authority thereof It la enacted, that an act entitled 'An act for the more effectually securing to his majesty the allegiance of his subjects In this, his colony and dominion of Rhode HE mother's shapeliness. All of this can be avoided by the use of Mother's Friend before baby comes, as this liniment prepares the body for the strain upon it, and preserves the symmetry of her form. Motner ft Friend makes the danger Sately through this critical period. Thousands grate fully tell of the benefit and relief derived from ihe use of 'this remedy. Vtok auDed frar o tl) ei iwrtaui mothers, lti& fciULDntLD KOU-t)Jl CO. llama, fee. , Visit tiro 5kt The Auditorium EU3ay S to 15 You will go away, feeling that the UP3IS3 PACIFIC " IS THE SAFE ROAD TO TRAVEL TICKET OFFICE, 1324 Farnam OMAHA, NEBRASKA Phones: Dell Doug. 1828 and Ind. A-3231 tr Island and Providence Plantations' be, and the same hereby Is repealed. "And be It further enacted by this general assembly, and by the authority thereof it is enacted, that In all commissions for offices, civil and military, and In all writs and processes In law, whether , original, judicial or executory, .'civil . or criminal, whereon the name and authority of the sak) king is made use of, the same shall be omitted, and In the room thereof, the name and authority of the governor and company of this colony shall be substituted In the following words to-wlt: The governor and company cf the English colony of Rhode Islund and Providence Plantations. "That all such commissions, writs and processes shall be otherwise of the same form and terms as they heretofore were; that the courts of law be no longer en titled nor considered as the king's courts; and that no instrument In writing, of any nature or kind, whether public or private, shall, In the date thereof, mention the year of said king's reign. "Provided, nevertheless, that nothing in this act contained shall render void or vitiate any commission, writ, process or Instrument heretofore made or executed, on account of the name and authority of the said king being therein Inserted." Waa Abjnratloa of Fealty This act, while not specifically a declara tion of Independence In the strict definition of the term, constitutes an abjuration of fealty to Great Britain. With a full under standing that its adoption must be Inter preted as an act of rebellion, the ' upper house of the general assembly waa unani mous for it, while In the house of deputies only six members voted against it. Rhode Island had previously committed acts of rebellion against the British au thorities. In its waters occurred one of the most flagrant of the early attacks upon the ruling power. This was In July, 1769, when the British armed sloop Liberty brought Into New port two Connecticut vessels charged with illicit trading. On the evening of July 17 the sloop's captain when on the wharf at Newport was forced to order all of his men, with the exception of the first officer, ashore, after which the citizens took charge of the Liberty, ran It on the rocka and scuttled It and burned Its small boats. The two Connecticut vessels promptly made their escape and Governor Wanton's offer of a reward for the appre hension of the men who had destroyed the king's property was never claimed. The Rhode Island merchants, too, en tered into the same agreement In force in other colonies to abstain from Import ing goods upon which Great Britain had Imposed the obnoxious duties, and there, months after the Boston tea party of December, 1773, the citizens of Providence engaged In a similar diversion. The Providence tea party was free from the secrecy and disguises which charac terised that of Boston. On March L 1774, the town crier vparaded the streets,, of Providence giving voice to this announce ment. Proclaimed Tea Bonfire. "At 6 of the clock this afternoon a quan tity of India tea will be burnt In the mar- Every woman covets a shape ly figure, and many of them deplore the loss of their girl ish forms after marriage. The bearing of children is often" destructive to the of child-birth less, and carries her TPS P ket place. All true friends of their country, lovers of freedom and haters of shackles and handcuffs are hereby . Invited to tes tify their good disposition by bringing in and casting into the fir a needless herb which for a long time hath been highly detrimental to our liberty, Inter est and health." At the hour named a fire was started In Market ' square upon which were cast a tar barrel, a copy of Lord North's speech and other objectionable material, after which men and women fed the flames with contributions from their household supplies to the amount of about 300 pounds of tea. The Providence Gazette reported that there was "great cheerfulness In com mitting to destruction so pernicious an article," and continued: "Whilst the tea was burning a spirited son of liberty went along the streets with his brush and lampblack and obliterated or unpointed the word tea on the shop signs." The battle of Lexington found the Rhode Islanders ready to lend theli active assist ance In the patriot cause. When the gen eral assembly gathered In the old state bouse at Providence In May, 1776, Its members were ready for any radical step. The crisis was precipitated by Colonel Jonathan Arnold, a member of the house of deputies from Providence. He was then only 35, yet a man of mark In the colony a man of family and property, a physician, a teacher, clerk of the su perior court and destined to round out his career as chief justice of Vermont and member of the governor's council. Became Leader of Revolt. The act wss not accepted without de bate. Before afternoon milking time of May 4, however. It had been adopted, and Rhode Island gained the distinction of leading the colonies in open revolt against the crown. , Why Rhode Island has allowed so many years to elapse before claiming all the glory there is In this performance Is not clear. It is possible that even this year's official tribute of gun powder might not be paid but for James 8. Slater, a citizen of a little village In northern (Rhode Island. Mr. Slater Is town clerk of North Smith field, and Is, like every second native Rhode Islander, an amateur historian. For several years he was In the habit of un furling as large an American flag and aa handsome a state flag as he could get to the breese on May 4, and wh;o uome of his neighbors asked the reason he would ex plain that It was Rhode Island independ ence day. This custom did not appear to make much of an impression outside of Mr. Slater's InVmediate neighborhood until one year when a reporter happened to learn about the celebration and wrote a story about It. Thvt was four years ago. The next year the Rhode Island Citizen's His torical association of Providence get busy early on plans for a celebration of Its own. It had an orator and the usual fixings and held forth In a church. Two years ago this program was ampli fied. The governor and the speaker of the house of representatives were present and the "Declaration of Independence" waa read. Last year there was a similar cele bration. Then the general assembly passed an act ordering a salute of luo guns on every May 4. This Is as far as the matter has gone up to date. But It la expected that some of these days the whole of Rhode Island will observe the state holiday with Mar athons, basj ball games, shore dinners and ail that sort of thing, and the stores and mills will all be closed. IN HONOR OF WASHINGTON New ueraiai Name t Ship Bearlaar Have a D. A. It. Tablet. the The George Washington la the somewhat unexpected name which has been chosen by the North German Lloyd line for Its new steamship now being completed at Bremen. "It." as the vessel must be called in nautical parlance, is undoubted! the first Ffl 0) 0) miniature the block Street German vessel to bear the name of the fathor of American freedom, and the New York State society of the Daughters of the American revolution la going to express its appreciation of this token of German friendship by rJaclng a tablet in the steamer. The arrangements have all been completed, and when the George Washing ton cornea over here, some time between June 20 and July 1, preparatory to making "its" first official trip, the tablet will be unveiled with great ceremony. The tablet Is to be placed on the main stairway of the vessel, and the directors of the company In Bremen are so glad to have it there that when a suitable place could not be found for It otherwise they altered the schema of decoration. They are also going to add, as a companion piece, a reproduction of the memorial stone which the city of Bremen gave to the Washing ton monument. The tablet. will be on one side of the staircase, and the stone on the other. It Is proposed that at the top of me taoiet there shall be a medallion of Washington, and that on plfhnr .M th. German and American eaglea shall spread tneir warlike wlnga In peace and amity. Next will come the Inscription which Wood row Wilson has been asked to write or elect from his own books. Beneath this will be some words to the ff th.t tablet waa erected by the Daughters of uno American revolution of the state of New York on the first Gorman tArn.hin ever named after Washington. The whole will be subscribed by the regent and vice regent of the state society, Mrs. William Cummlng Story and Mrs. (bmimi T. .,- son, and somewhere In the neighborhood win be the emblem of the society, the spinning wheel. The tablet will be thirteen and one-half Inches high and twenty-eight and three fourth Inches broad. The vrmaI i. tm long and will be the largest of the North uerman Lloyd fleet-New York Tribune. MAKEUP OF BIG SKYSCRAPERS Have Everything; Needed to Start Small City on Modern Plan. If one of New York's modern sky scrapers, such as the Metropolitan Life or the Singer building, with their cloud plerclng towers, could be picked up bodily and dropped on some prairies, there would be practically everything reeded to start a little city, including the population. Take the Singer building, for Instance. It contains 136 miles of various kinds of metal piping. The telephones, elevators, electric llghti. fans and clocks require S.425 mllea of wire, which. If stretched out. would extend from the top of the Singer building to the top of the Eiffel tower In Paris, with 600 miles left over. The ateel used In the construction of the Singer building, if made into three-quarter-Inch wire cable, would reach from New York to Buenos Ayres, a distance of 7,100 miles. The terra cot. floor blocks In the building, if spread out on a plana, would cover t 56 acres. Placed erfd to end, thev would extend ninety-seven miles, or from Nw York to Philadelphia. ,It contains 6.033.800 bricks, and these, laid end to end would reach 616 miles, from New York to Detroit. Thoy would pave a footpath twulve Inches wide from New York to Boston. This mo lira xkyscraper cental 1 )01 tons of sheet copper, enough to cover 4.64 acres. The copper, combined with the statuary bronze In the building, would yield 46.208,000 cents, or $462,080. . ... m.w . u mm , u'f.i u i me J building were all loaded on two-horse trucks, It would make a continuous line of 10,180 trucks, thirty-eight miles long, or twice the distance from the finger building to Yonkera. The steel In the building would make 126 large type mogul locomotlVM; that Is, a continuous lines of engines for a mile and a half. It would make a eeventy-four-irlle stretch of heavy, mod ern track, rails splkea and tie pieces. Made Into elevator cables. It would ex tend T.100 miles, and If the total lengths of ail the strands of wire in the cable A SUIT without style is like soup without salt in si pi Conscientious not rare, correct styl "HIGH ART" Clothes are precisely what their name implies the highest expression of the tailor's art in Men's and Young Men's Dress. "HIGH ART" Clothes are created by the best-drill-ed tailoring organization in America; the lest, mark you. "HIGH ART" Clothes have a surpassing distinction which makes each daily wearing of them a fresh satisfaction. "HIGH ART" Clothe, not only are abreast with fashion but often ahead of it. is conceived by a designer who dares and made by an organization that cares. Hence, their creative style-touches and exquisite finish. The best clothes-shops everywhere are proud to sell "HIGH ART" Clothes. The label "HIGH ART " is in every garment. If you looklor it, ask for it and get it, you cannot go astray. Made only by Strouse & Brothers - BALTIMORE, MD. Write tor were put together they would cover an area of fifty acres. . There are 13.1 miles of picture molding In the building. If all the moldings for the doors, pictures and windows were put in a straight line they would reuch sixty mile. More than 6,541 tona of mortar were used In the masonory. This would inaka a path fourteen Inches wide and one inch thick from New York to Washington, a distance of 240 mllea. About 19 r tona of paint were used on the various sur faces. This would cover a board fence alx feet high from New York to Spring field, 126 miles, with one coat. There are 23.4 acrea of wall area in the new skyscraper. It would make a line f plaster twelve lnchea wldi from New York to Boston. The glasa In t'le building, 85,203 square feet, would make a continuous show win dow six feet high on one side if Broad way from Liberty to Thirty-fourth street. There are 266, J00 squaro feet of metal lath, or five and nine-tenths acres. To support those laths 49.1 miles of struc tural anglo irons were required, together with 130 miles of tying wire and 110,000 bolts. There are 8.86 miles of elovator cables In the building, and nine fans capable of blowing 6.820,000 cubic . feet of air an hour, which would muke it possible for an ordinary-sizud town a'most to gener ate Its own tornado. The lighting system of thJ Singer building represents a capacity of 278, 800 candle powar. The boilers of the build ing, to generate light, heat, power, etc., must yearly generate 160,000,000 pounds of steam. This will take 18,000,000 gal lons of water and 8.000 tons of Toil. The tower elevator cars travel about 600 feet a ml.iute. With the building lalrly well filled the cars will travel 310 mles dally and make a yearly total of 38, 270 miles, or about four times the distance around the earth. The length of the highest elevator shaft is 646 feet. lndubirlal World. SOUND OLD AGE ON FOOT Contrasts Between Walker Weston and Cnalr Polishers at Seventy. The average man who has rounded out his three score and ten years makes a specialty of polishing chair seat. His chief worry ls the east wind and his mainstay suKar-coated liver pills. His chest expansion varlea from an Inch to an Inch and an eighth, and he cannot "flex" a single muscle on his person. His pride ls apt to be centered In the length of his beard or the size of his bank account, but never In his physical excellence. To him this man Weston Is a marvel a perpetual motion automaton In pants. And u marvel he ls, Indeed, although It ls his head that distinguishes him, not his legs. Wexton ls so ever lastingly consistent that, having found pede8trlanlam a benefit, he has atuck to It day by day, year In and year out. By keeping In the game, aa it might be aaid among athletes when he could well af ford to givs it up and ride In an auto mobile Weston ls today a bet'er man at 70 than the average man at 60. Taken In moderation, any form of exer cise Is beneficial, There is nothing bet ter than walking In the open air, pro vided you keep It up. Even a man who believes he huin't time l bother with regulsr exercise detesta routine, any how Is getting flabby, short-winded ind stiff In the joints, carries a pillbox In his vest pocket and wears one of Old Dr. Soakum'a electric belts, can walk bak to the pink of condition and his proptr senses. long walk every otlur Thurs day, however, and half of the time under protest, docs one no good You 'must got into the game and atay In, for the fun you get out of It- The main thing la to get the habit. When you onre become good, consistent go-as-you-pluue walker,' with no ambition to hang up a I record, you will not need the huxaas of tailoring " ' ' -- - ls V s mmm-f ill mtlmmk M III SlJ rf I HI BiHIl WHS fm ii ill! mmlMfZMfM JU iiai ii ' FOR SALE BY ALL LEADING CLOTHIERS Spring and Summer Style Booklet the populace, the blare of unis bands or a silk shirtwaist to keep you pound ing ballast. Tako a walk. Recreation. MORE WORK THAN ALL OTHERS American Railroads Outstrip the Rest of the World In Handling Bnnslness. A recent compilation of railway statistics of the world ls Interesting. Figures may be twisted to mean almost anything, but there are some bald facta which are worth con templating. The railway mileage of the world Is distributed aa follows: United States, 227,000 miles; elsewhere, 252,000 milea But the railways of British India are in a class by thembelves and If they be elimin ated, this country has mora mileage than the rest of the world. The cost of constructing our portion la fixed at a little less than $13,000,000,000, and of the rest of the world almost $26,000,000,000, ao that the average cost In thla country la one-half that of the rest of the World. This ls partly accounted for by better con struction In Europe, larger cost of right-of-way, terminals, and the like, but It Is, nevertheless, claimed that by a just com parison with results, we get our roads much cheaper according to money spent than the rest of the world. Our earning power is nearly as great as that of the roads of the rest of the world. In spite of the fact that we have about one-fifth of the population of all the other countries, not including Extended wzmmmmmmm mm mm SM AT THE REQUEST of dealers in every sec tion, we have decided upon an " EXTENSION OF "Nemo Week" UNTIL Saturday, May 15 "Nemo Week" is being cele brated in all good store from Maine to California. Its phenom enal success this year, far surpassing- even that of former years, again proves our statement that it is an educational event of gTeat interest to every maid and matron. Nemos are Hygienic Nemo "New American Shape" Corsets are the only corsets that enable every woman, whether stout, medium or slender, to achieve the utmost fashionable reduction with absolute comfort and hygienic safety. Don't mist "Nemo Week!" KOPS BROS, Mfrs.. NEW YORK " ;1 ; .'i ,i'.v--;t': ' v.-.v.w.Vv.-.-.r n ' St ' SATS'" f'rrs" r " r. SJ m Ml India. Our receipts each year are less than 62,000,000,000, and for the rest of tho world In excess of 12,800,000,000. Our operating expenses are proportion ately greater, being over 67 per cent of re ceipts, -compared with less than 61. We carry about one-sixth as many passengers as the rest of tho world, but-and here is the astonishing fact wo carry almost aa many tons of freight as all of the rest of the vorld put together, while In ton mileage we have far the best of It. We haul a ton of freight an average of 132 miles, while the rest of the world carries a ton but sixty eight miles. In other words, our railwaya are doing much more work than all the rest of the world together, almost twice as much in the matter of freight, yet our re ceipts are so large. The Inference U obvious that we charge only about half as much for hauling a ton of freight a mile as does the rest of the world. Our average charge Is just three quarters of a cent for such service, a cost which is infinitesimal as compared with any otiier means of land transportation. Ten years from now It is evident that we shall be doing much more than half the traffic of the world. As the population Increases, and business develops, we shall more strikingly dominate the transportation world. They may do some things better In Europe, but at present we conduct our railways In a manner such as to admit of contrast rather than comparison. Philadel phia Inquirer. to May 15 I .'1' ; RCUtr BANDS 405 ism-i i mi iiw nil i.ijjsjiai himi . 8PsWvl II anassse U a. r-j f