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THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: MAY 16. 1009. J. T A FEDERAL CIT. President Taft'i Defenit of National Bole in Washington. WISDOM OF FATHERS IS SHOWN dapend, not upon the principle! ordinarily governing In popular fnfmmnt, but that they must trut In order to secure their liberty to get their guarantee!, they must trust to the representettTes of eighty mil lion! of people,, elected under that Con stitution. (Applause) 1 Notable Address la Sap port the Preseat Ferae of Goveraaaeat la the- District of Colambla, A - political movement designed to pro mot "home rule" In the District of Co lumbia, secure the right of suffrage for the residents, and representation in the house of representative! and In the senate. culminated In a banquet in Washington on the evening of the th. Oily two addresses were delivered, one by Justice Wendell P. Stafford of the Dlatrlct aupreme court, ad vocating the political object! of the ban quet; the aecond by President Taft When the president finished his address, no other speaker desired to be heard. So com' pletely did the president demolish the argu tnents In favor of local Instead of federal government in the district. President Taff! address follow! : "Mr. Chairman and tho solid men of Washington (applause): I wish to thank you from the bottom of my heart for the courtesy that you have extended to me this evening In this magnificent banquet and In your coming here to take part in this occasion. I am proud of It, If it be the cane, and t must believe it from the assurances given tonight that this l! the first time that a president of the United States has ever had the pleasure of meet ItVj on such an occasion and under such hircumstances, the business men of Wash- tMflon. (Applause.) f'l hope for close Intimacy; I hope that vi$' may come together and we may dis- CVM these things, because certainly we )d it. (Applause.) I take the utmost personal pride in the city of Washing- tt' (Aprlause.) It. thrills my heart eV(ry day to look out of the back win-i-:?wi of the White House for the short t'-rte I have been there and whenever $i-t the opportunity to see thli beautiful Cfty In which we are permitted to live tfltjjse avenues and street! constructed on a ttiSjknlrlcent plan, looking forward for centuries; these trees planted with great foresight to make every part of Washing ton a park; these ylstas Into which always creeps unbidden that beautiful shaft that marks the memory of the founder of this City. (Great applause.) "I have not been here very long In the city of Washington as some men count It long. I was here two years between 1890 and 1S92, four year! from 1904 to 1908 but that Is a little bit longer than Justice Staf ford. (Continued applause.) I have been a taxpayer; I have Invested some money In land In Washington and have not seen a dollar come out of it; I have sent my child ren to the public schools; I have hung to straps In street cars, going both ways to the' capital; I have bathed In the Potomac mud in a bathtub; I have lunched at Harvey's on those steamed oysters, and have been a fan with my friend "Sunny Jim" at the base ball park, and have had a love and cultivated it with him for tall endera. And therefore I claim that I have been through experiences that ought to give me some of the local atmosphere and some of the local feeling of Washington. Any yet, with all that, gentlemen, as I look about here Into these smiling face, these somewhat rotund forms that give evidence of prosperity (laughter), it la a little difficult for me to realise that It was about these caltifs and these slaves that Mr. Justice Stafford spoke. . Declares Himself "Nationalist." "In spite of that experience with re spect to Washington, I am a nationalist (Applause). This city Is the home of the government of a nation, and when men who are Just aa much Imbued with the principles of civic liberty as any who have come .after Washington, at the head, put into the Constitution the provisions with reference to the government of the District of Columbia they knew what they were doing, and spoke for a coming possible eighty millions of people who should Insist that the home of the government of that eighty millions of people should be gov erned by the representatives of that eighty millions of people (Applause), and that, if there were in that eighty millions of people men who desired to come and share in the grandeur of that capital, and live In city of magnificent beauty as this was, and' enjoy all the privileges, then they come with their eyes open as to the char acter of the government that they were to iave, and they must know that they must can eee clear down to the Totomsc and see six and seven base ball matches gfMng on with all tho fervor of young America, and nobrdy to say thm nay. (Applause and laughter.) And to think to think that we had a genius a hundred years aa-o al:not. In his way, a matchless as Washington, to make the plan for a great capital, like Now I want to ear. with reference to the Frenchman whose remains were buried this discussion, that If this meeting or here the other day (applause! ana eubseauent meetlni are to be devoted to plans were hardly changed In the new pian Mourlnv an iiniiiulitwnt In the Pnn.l It nl inn made by Burnham ana nis associate br which you are a-olns to disturb the "I know there has been discussion as to nrtrwini nf ..n.tnra fr ..... I the plan. There has oeen a leenns; ' r . -----. i - ,, . . . . and you are going to abolish the pro v Won pernaps it si.ppen om u. - that waa out In there ex-lndustrla by I na snppea in ai anmner, oui I m mM a a tjm 1 a 1 ra George Washington, you will not get ahead v'n my aPr ,npna " " "V . .J In the matter of better government In Washington by such meetings. I do not want to seem to be abrupt but t believe It Is possible by such meetings as this to arouse the Interest of Congress and the executive to the necessity of consulting the people of Washington, to let them act aa Americans act when they don't have the right of suffrage let them act by the right of petition. And are they not exercising that right all the time? (Applause). Isn't It possible to determine on the part of the committees of the House and the Senate what the attitude of the Washing ton cltlseris IsT Why the government that we have today In Washington everybody admits Is a good government. Has It not been brought about through the aid of those very committees In the House and the Senate, who you say know nothing about Washington, and . who make their knowledge, or lack of knowledge, ridiculous by showing it? We are all Imperfect. We cannot expect perfect government, but what we ought to do la to pursue practical methods, and not, I submit with deferenc to Justice Stafford, make It seem as if the people of Washington were suffering some great and tremendous load and sorrow, when as a matter of fact they are the envy of the citizens cf other cities? What Washington Intended. "Washington Intended tills to be a fed eral city, and It Is a federal city, and It tingles down to the feet of every man, whether he cornea from Washington city or Los Angeles or Texas, when he comes and walks these city streets and starts to feel that this is my city; I own a part of this capital (applause), and I envy for the time being those who are able to spend their time here. I quite admit that there are defects In the system of government by which Congress la bound to look after the government of ' the District of Co lumbia. It could not be otherwise under such a system, but I submit to the Judg ment of history that the results vindicate the foresight of the fathers. ' "Now, I am opposed to the franchise in the District (Applause and cheers.) I am opposed, and not because I yield to any one In my support and belief in the prin ciples of self-government, but principles are applicable generally, and then, unless you make exceptions to the application of those principles, you will find that they will carry you to very Illogical and absurd results. This was taken out of the appli cation of the principle of self-government in the very Constitution that waa Intended 1 knows, that we sre going to build up to thnt some day. (laughter and applause.) It Is not coming at once, but we ought to thank Ood that we have got a plan like that to build to (applause), so that when we go on with the Improvement every dollar that we put In goes to make Wash ington beautiful a hundred years hence. Day of 'mall Thlnas." "Then, Justice Stafford In his very elo quent remarks called attention to the fact that In 18461 am sorry to say it ought to be characterised, at least as far as that Is concerned, as a day of small things when the Congress could have recited this: Whereas no moro territory ought to be held under the exclusive legislation given to Congress over the District, which Is the seat of the general government than may be necessary and proper for the purposes of such a seat. Therefore we give back all that we got from Virginia. (Laughter.) "While it Is true the early statue said that no buildings should be put on any thing but the Maryland side of the river. and perhaps they felt that as we were not going to use that side for buildings, they did not need It at all. (Laughter.) I have never been able to satisfy myself that that retrocession was within the power of Congress to- make. (Applause.) They did attempt to settle It once In the Supreme Court, but the Supreme Court has a facility in avoiding the main question (laughter and applause) born of long practice. (Laughter.) And when a gentle man who is paying taxes on this side asks that they be extended to the other side. on the ground that that retrocession did -not carry Virginia, so that he might have his taxes reduced, the Supreme Court said he could not do it in a collateral way; said that, as both parties to the trans action seemed to be satisfied up to this time they did not intend to Investigate or seek any burdena that their salaries did not require them to meet. (Laughter and applause.) "We have never had that question tested. I believe we ought to look forward to a great city of Washington, and while the Anglo-Saxon and especially the Anglo Saxon In Virginia holds on to territory as long as he can (laughter). It might be pos sible by agitating the question in a legal way to Induce another settlement by which we should get the only part of that that we really would like to have, the part that we own now In feo, the 1,100 acres of the Arlington estate, and a great deal that is unoccupied, leaving Alexandria out (laughter) and Falls church (laughter,) and We are exclusive agents for the Victoria Suction Carpet Sweeper. iller. Stewart 413-15-17 South Sixteenth Street Beaton We are agents for the ALLWIN one-motion Folding Go-Cart n3 I u 3W Great frnniflfiinffllllir U IU1U UUUIMU1U C773 motto to nut thai In fnrca In everv nthiw nut of I ... - " ' ' , taxing in only mat that is inhabited, so me country, ana was oone Because n tnat we may have , tn dlgtrlcti under waa Intended to have the representatives our foBterlnjt controli where we cftn DulId of all the people In the country control roads and make tne d,str,ct gt,n more this one city, and to prevent its being con- bcautlful-that bank of the Potomac on trolled by the parochial aplrlt that would tn8 other lde M you g(J up toward Cabln necessarily govern men who did not look John Bridge. We will need It; .the city beyond the city to the grandeur of the wm continue to grow, nation, and this as the representative of Uaihin.mn'. ini.,.n... that nation. .(Applause.) .., - t - lt may be. as Justice Stafford said. "I have got over being frightened by that there- will be Inaugurated ntet being told that I am forgetting the prin- by the people living here that they have clples of the fathers. The principles of no political power; but I think that the the fathers are maintained by those who Justice ' will find, when he comes to look- maintain them with reason and according ng into the hearts of the American peo to the fitness of the thing, and not by pie, that they will not be convinced when thoee who are constantly shaking them they come to Washington that the Waeh- berore the mass of the voters for the pur-1 Ingtontana are aufferlng to that degree pose of misleading them. (Applause.) The Qaeatloa at Hand. that requires a reversement of the policy adopted, with entire clearness of mind we do with the government of Washing ton? Shall we have the present board of three; shall we have one or shall we have mm m -TfT This Women's Cool Ankle Strap Pump is made in golden brown or wine color kid, russet calf and patent leather. The strap over the instep keeps the heel snug and add a graceful line not found in the ordinary pump. It is made over the Gotzian specially moulded lasts. bt 45. GOTZiAN CO. "Now, the question arises. What shall by the framers of the constitution. Wash ington, who doubtless Inserted that par tlcular provision in the constitution, through hla Influence, also had L'Enfant some other form? I confess I do not know, draw the plans, of Washington, and the My predecessor has recommended a change plana of Washington were not adapted to a of the present form so as to give the re- village like Alexandria and the village that sponslblllty to one, with the view of visit- was In the district at the time we came Ing that one with the responsibility. here that was adapted to a city of mag- On the other hand It Is said that three niflcent distances, and to a city of millions have worked well; that it gives more op- of Inhabitants; and, therefore, the clause portunlty, possibly, for counsel and that was adopted, knowing that Just such a city it takes away the bureaucratic character we would have here, and Just such a city of the government As I have said. I have would nave to get along, relying upon the reached no conclusion as to what recom- training In self-government of the repre mendatton I shall make to Congress on sentativea of 80,000,000 of people to Justice the subject I fully concur with Justice DV It- Stafford In thinking that It would be most Now, my dear friends, I want to say unwise to 'Introduce Into the District what to V0" that I have got Into a conntltu I understood to be a bureaucratic form of tlonal discussion here that I did not anticl government (Applause.) That is right P&te, but I hope It has not clouded my A bureaucratic form of government is meaning, which I Intended to make as one which, as he very well described it c,ear as possible, that I am deeply Inter- would make the War Department look estea In the welfare of the district, I am after the streets; Dr. Wiley, possibly, look deePy Interested In securing good govern- after the health (laughter) the Agrlcul- nlent ,0 very man. woman and child In tural Department through him and the "irici, ana to secure as far as Is Treasury Department look after the fl- Pslble, with the original plan under tho nances. And so as to each branch of the constitution, such voice as the people of government you should go to the head of the al8trlct tnay require in their local mat- that particular department In the sreneral ter"- (Applause.) government I think that would be a very "But when " comes to defining how that burdensome, a very awkward. a verv I to te given, I cannot be any more ex clumsy system of government I am pIlc,t tnan to say lt mu8t rest ultimately trongly in favor of retaining the m.inl. on the right of representation and petl clpal form (applause), so that everything tlon" 'APP'aue ) I do not see how you which shall affect the city of Waihliurton can 00 anything else. I am sure that if ahall be done under the chief executive of you wl" eonBtantlJr aRltete. and If you will that city, and bv that rhif ..,... i. nBV eloquent an orator as Justice Staf - " w I ... "In other words. I would iw .n ..if lura lo lne committees of the house to the city of Washington, or the ni.trw I wm rouse tnera of Columbia, and take all of that entity to "ucn a de8lre to "ave you from the out or tne operation of the bureaus of the yurmrva mn you general government. That Is what I un- " Ket th8 attention you deserve. (Ap derstand tn ho th. i-.,nm..i P'ause.) D - ... ...... ... , iiwa;, ST. MIS, U.S.A. V. The uotzian Sho FITS LIKE YOUR FOOTPRINT Transit sad Levels Repaired The Wurn Optical Co. have added to their lens grinding shop the services of a man who Is an expert on repairing and adjusting all kinds of surveyors, engin eers end field Instruments. We would like a trial at your repair work. Bight on the S. W. Corner lth and rsrnain St, 'let. jjous;. WKi JEWELERS and the only question that has been mooted is really whether one man should be put at the head of that government as a mayor. or whether you should have three, I agree that probably three men are better (applause), where you have real legislative runcuons to perform. I am Inclined to think that where the legislative functions SIZE OF COAL ROADS' GRAB Manlpolatloa of Rates by Carriers la the toul Mlalag Industry. Numerous Inquiries Into the nature, ar are reduced to a minimum and nd.t in ranement. profitableness of the bus! little more than mere executive regula- neM rallway which both produce and tlon, that l-oaeibly the one-headed form Is tran8Prt ttl hav occasioned by the the better for executive purposes and to aec'"Jtn ot the United States Supreme "i tne responsibility; but I am only think- i 1 " """uul clause. una ing out loud. . and only because we are hee talking right out in meeting I am telling you the reasons as they have been brought to met "Now I want to talk about the future. And the future of Washington. What an enormous development is before us.' Why, I am not an Imaginative man, but I would Ilka to come back here a hundred years hence and see the beauties of which this city la capable. (Applause.) Right here, under our noses for a time, under our very eyea. are those beautiful Potomac flats that are going to make as fine park! and parkwaya as there are in the world. "These parks ought to be connected with the Rock Creek park by means of the mouth of Rock creek, or otherwise; and then through them aU there ought to be carried a park clear around, including the Soldiers' home, 'and completing the circuit with Rock creek a the other end. (An piauee.) Then, too. there Is the develop, nient tn AuMuaila ami aiong the eaatern branch. Then, tho opportunities for play grounds that there are in Washington. It Just makes my mouth water for my poor city of ClneinaatL wtien I look out and of the strongest complaints against the exercise by roal railroada of the dual func lion or producer and carrier has been aummed up in the terse statement, heard occasionally in the trade, that "they get too little fur the coal and too much for hauling It." The meaning of this !a that the railroad! derive their profit not from the mining of coal, but from the transpor tation of it The coal-producing business which they own or control may be con ducted at a nominal profit, if any, and the railroads receive a high rate for moving the output to market The Independent coal producer muat get hia profit, If any on the coal Itself, and he is, therefore, at a disadvantage in competition with the coal companies, owned and controlled by the railroads, who produce coal without profit and pay the railroada high ratea for Ita transportation. ine allegation la worth ex--lining. Of the aeveral coal railroada named as de- fi&danta la the government's action to en force the commodities clause of the Hep burn act, not more than three furnish sta tistics sufficiently full to show the rela tion of the rate on coal to that pn other Tomorrow will be Furniture nrKaln Day at Our Store. We have gathered tosetner hundreds of pieces of furniture of this i sprln s style which we will discontinue do not wish to duplicate as the season for reordering Is now late. They have been our best sellers, the quantity ot each pattern Is small some of thee are odd pieces others full sots, and many of which we have only two or three of a pattern. This stock consist? of Odd Dressers, Mahogany, Curtey Birch. BirdVKye Maple and GoUlcn nk. Odd Ww. Arm Chairs. Iron Hods. Martin Beds, Brass Beds. Parlor Tables, Sideboards, Buffets in their different finishes, such as Karly r.njrllsh, tJoblen Oak. framed Oak. Dlnlns; tables and chairs In all woods and their various finishes. Indeed there Is a most attractive assortment, and the prices at which these fine pieces of furniture are offered for tomorrow will be still more attractive. We herewith quote some of the furniture on sale and show the reduction In prlco id. $75.00 Brass Bed, full aze Sale price $oU.UU $67.50 Brass Bed, full slze Sale price $49.00 $45.00 Brass Bed, full size Sale price $32.00 $20.00 Brass Bed, full size Sale price $15.00 $19.00 White Iron Bed, full size Sale price $13.25 $20.00 White-Iron Bed. full size Sale price $13.50 $16.50 White Iron Bed, full size v Sale price $11.00 $15.00 White Iron Bed, full size Sale price $10.50 $12.50 White Iron Bed, full size Sale price $8.50 $13.60 Vernls Martin Bed, full size Sale price $9.50 $27.00 Vernls Martin Bed, full size Sale price $18.50 $22.50 Vernls Martin Bed, full size Sale price $15.00 $25.00 White Iron Bed, three-quarter size Sale price $17.00 $20.00 White Iron Bed, three-quarter size Ssfte price $13.50 $12.50 White Iron Bed, single size Sale price $8.50 $18.00 White Iron Bed, single size Sale price $11.50 $21.00 Natural Mahogany Somnoe Sale price $15.00 $16.50 Natural Mahogany Somnoe Sale price $11.00 $28.00 Washstand, natural Mahogany Sale price $19.50 $12.25 Mahogany Washstand Sale price $9.00 $33.60 Maple Cheval Mirror, Sale price $22.50 $62.00 Natural Mahogany Chiffonier Sale price $42.00 $44.00 Natural Mahogany Chiffonier Sale price $30.00 $44.00 Mahogany Rocker, sale price $29.00 $21.00 Mahogany Rocker, sale price $15.00 We are exclusive agents for the Vulcan Gas Stove the kind that saves gas and is odorless. $43.00 Curley Birch Chiffonier Sale price $27.00 $30.00 Tuna Mahogany Chiffonier Sale price $20.00 $35.00 Golden Oak Chiffonier Sale price $25.00 $37.75 Mahogany Chiffonier Sale price- $26.00 $45.00 Gent's Mahogany Chiffonier Sale price $32.00 $110.00 Gents' Mahogany Chiffonier Sale price $70 00 $72.00 Gent's Mahogany Chiffonier Sale price $49.00 $71.00 Gent's Mahogany Chiffonier Sale price $47.00 $76.00 Gent's Mahogany Chiffonier Sale price '55.00 $29.00 Bird's-eye Maple Dresser v Sale prlco $19.50, $25.50 Bird's-eye Maple Dresser Sale price $16.75 $46.00 Curley Birch Dresser Sale price $30.00 $32.60 Natural Mahogany Dresser Sale price $21.00 $70.00 Mahogany Dresser, sale price $45.00 $32.50 Mahogany Dresser, sale price 22.50 $26.00 Mahogany Dresser, sale price $18.00 $21.00 Quartered Golden Oak Dresser Sale price $15.00 $27.60 Quartered Golden Oak Dresser Sale price $18.75 $40.00 Quartered Golden Oak Dresser Sale price $27.00 $16.00 Golden Oak Dresser Sale price $12.00 $tl.25 Golden Oak Dresser Sale price $8.75 $56.00 Fumed Oak China Cabinet Sale price $38.00 $78.00 Early English Buffet Sale price $55.00 $S0.00 Fumed Oak Buffet, Sale prlfce $55.00 $56.00 Fumed Oak Buffet Sale price $35.00 $46.00 China Cabinet, sale price. . .828.00 $32.00 Early English, sale price. . .$22.00 $31.50 Extension Table, 50 in., 8-ft. Fumed Oak, sale price .1 $23.50 $58.00 Extension Table, 64 in., 8-ft.. Early - Kngllsh, sale price $39.50 $4 0.00 Combination Buffet, Golden Oak Sale price $28.00 $31.00 Golden Oak Sideboard sale price $21.00 $64.50 Sideboard, Golden Oak Sale price $39.75 $43.75 Golden Oak Sideboard Sale price ..-$28.00 $41.00 Golden Oak Buffets Sale price $28.75 $42.00 Golden Oak Buffet Sale price $28.75 $39.00 Golden Oak China Cabinet Sale price $26.00 $90.00 Mahogany Buffet, sale price $55.00 $50.00 Mahogany China Cabinet Sale price $32.50 $105.00 Leather Bed Davenport Sale price $70.00 $50.00 Golden Oak Bed Davenport Sale price $32.75 $63.00 Mahogany Bed Davenport Sale price $42.00 $50.00 Golden Oak Davenport Sale price $33.00 $90.00 Mahogany Davenport Sale price $55.00- $23.60 Mahogany Divan, sale price $14.50 $45.00 Mahogany Arm Chair Sale price $31.00 $25.00 Arm Chair sale priced. . .$18.00 $18.00 Mahogany Reception Chair Sale price $13.50 $26.00 Mahogany Rocker, sale price $15.00 $17.00 Mahogany Rocker, sale price $11.75 $20.00 Solid Mahogany Stand Sale price $10.75 $42.00 Mahogany Library Table Sale price $29.00 $37.50 Mahogany Library Tabba Sale price $28.00 $38.00 Mahogany Library Table Sale price $27.00 $15.00 Mahogany Parlor Table Sale price $10.50 We are exclusive agents for the Rohn Syphon Porcelain-lined Refrigerators -best refrigerator made. J 3C Fan four Trip v w LeinJ Effective June 1, 1909 QSgaXKBaGS Visit Colorado, Salt Lake City and Yellow stone National Park en route to the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition. Careful, Particular, Busy People Travel . Wia Union Pacific For Safety Service Speed Electric Block Signal Protection. Dining Car Meals and Service "Best in, the World." Perfect Track Dustless Roadbed. For Full Information Call on or Address City Ticket Office, 1324 Farnam St. r Omaha, Nebraska. Phones, Bell, Doug. 1828, and Ind., A-3231. 3r-aw freight The Central of New Jeraey Rail road does not separata earnings; neither does the Pennsylvania. The Erie separates coal traffic earnings from other freight earnings, and also shows the tonnage of coal and freight, respectively, but not ths ton mi lea. The same is true of the Dela- id u.u Hudson. It Is poaslbla on!;' is the case ot the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western, the Lehigh Valley, and the Reading to obtain a fair comparison of ths with that received in the average for other freight. The comparisons are: Coal Other freight. freight. Del., Lark. A Weat 673 cent. .6 cent. Lehigh Valley 747 c-nt. .54 cent. Reading : 6t cent. .1639 cent. Thus, the average rate obtained for haul in; riu ton of coal one mile Is nearly Zl per cent, higher la the case of Lackawanna and nearly 17 per cent, higher in the case of Lehigh Valley than the average rate average rate per ton mils reoeived on coal J obtained per ton per mile on all other freight. Including merchandise, etc., bear ing In theory a much higher transportation rate than coal. In the case of the Reading the average rate per ton mile on coal is lower than upon other freight, but it will be noticed, too, that its average ton mile rate on coal alone la lower than In the case of either the Lackawanna or the Le high Valley. This is due iu pait lo the fact that about 42 per cent, of ths Read ing's coal tonnage consists of bituminous coal, which bears a lower rate than an thracite, whereas the Iackawanna and the Lehigh Valley are essentially anthracite roads. Also tike Reading'! average ton mile rate pn general freight, compared with the othera, ii remarkably nigh. New York PoaL Kemper, Hemphill 4k Buceingnaai, All Kinda of Plating. W.'SlSSBBSBSaSjaBHasSBBMBBBBBlSaSBBSiaSaSSMBBBt Bigger. Better. Busier That's What ad vertising la The Bo dues -fof rout business.