Newspaper Page Text
THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: MAY 10. 1000. I) Acting- Resident General Tells "What Japan Hopes to Do with Korea :: - ' w . : V . 'J 'i' ... i , A'. If s J" ' I'i ' 11 a h n alt V. - -f ,, fci L.. r i t ' j r , i Hi i ! n Japanese officials who arb governino korea. VISCOUNT BONE. p?ntr.) There arc h Cnfh companlf of bundlU 'al Corre- kniw:. us 1 . t'bbeii beeu thv black years. It la fllffloult to Chang- them, and the rank and file are not anxious to take up new. things. As I have said, we can only expect to teach them by works, by giving them a practical and an optical demonstration of our Ideas." Improved Aa-rlenltore. "What do you mean by that, your excel lency V "I mean that we shall show the Coreans that we are their friends by the develop ment of their country. As It Is now, the woods have been cut "from the mountains and many of the peaks are as bare as a desert. This makes it Impossible to con serve the rainfall, and we have not the water needed for irrigation, one of our first works will be along the lines of re forestation. We are planting trees In many places and have laid out model for ests, near Seoul, Ping Tans; and Talku. These forests cover thousands of acres and have cost several hundred thousand yen. We find the trees grow well and hope In proved methods employed on It and on the farms now under cultivation, there Is no doubt but what we could produce twice as much as we do now. This means that Corea could then support 40,000,000 without much trouble. It might support more." "In that caee you will have an outlet for the congestion of apan, will you not?" "To some extent, yes; but, so far the Japanese farmers do not seem anxious to come to Cores. The methods of cultiva tion are different here, as are also the soil and conditions of life. We have been encouraging immigration, but as yet hive not had many of the farming class. A great deal of the undeveloped land lies In the northern part of the country. The' farming there is more like that of the United States and our people do not take to It. Indeed, I expect to see a growth of the Corean population, ' rather than an Influx from Japan." 3 - . 1 mam v im i i w j" , . i 1 f 4 1 'J -y I,.'. V ' i 1 ! Saaltary Improvements "We are greatly Improving the sanl concessions, and I asked his excellency it foreigners had any chance to make money mining In Corca. He replied: "They have as many opportunities as the Japanese. The minerals, with the excep tion of coal, are open to all. As It is now, some of the most valuable mines are held by Americans and there are a number of large concessions belonging to foreigners." "Is ttie country rich, mlnerally?" "It has minerals In many parts of It," said the resident general, "but I believe not In large quantities. Most of the mining properties are small, and so far no great and valuable discoveries outside of the gold and oopper mines, have been made. Corea contains, sliver, gold, copper and Iron. There Is considerable coal, but the supply of fuel out here In the far east Is so here. It Is the same with the exports, made of amber or Jade. The common peo- limited that we have special regulations Japan Is taking more and more of the pie use' shorter pipes while working, as th concerning It." products of Corea every year, and about long pipe can be smoked safely only "Is there enough coal and iron to make three-fourths of all the country sells now when sitting down. The man who at- Corea an Industrial country T" comes to It. The greater part of this tempts to smoke one while walking or run- "I think so. We shall eventually have trade consists of agricultural crops and nlng Is liable to stumble and drive the RESIDENCY GENERAL IN SEOUI tary conditions of the country." continued factories and foundries and will make for uT'lu of which is used in Japan stem down his throat. spomUnce of Ue.)-It was Wl J v liases and oiten bum them down time to hav4 016 m0UhtaJM aaJn covered viscount Bone. "This will cut down the ourselves many of the things which we at the rslJincy gr.eral. a big in order to rob the people. We are more frame office building that stands afraid ct this element now than of any on the hill rttot far from the other. It rise at certain time of th south gate, that I met Viscount year, and is at Its worst Just after harvest when the r!ce' Is gathered and all other Arasuke Bone, the man who, In the ab- wlth verdure. "We are also establishing experimental farms," continued his excellency, "and are trying to teach the people to make the most of their lands. At present there is little use of manure, and they know noth- death rate and, with better times, the buy from abroad." birth rate will grow. As it is now the " v - people know almost nothing about taking The Open Door. care of their health. Smallpox occurs reg- "Does the open door exist in Corea, your ularly from year to year and little preven- excellency?" The biggest export Is that of rice, which In The use of cigarettes I now common 1907 amounted to in the neighborhood of even among the working classes, and the $4,000,000. women are beginning to fancy them. Many "How about your trade with America?" 0f the cigarettes are of native tobacco, "Tour exports to Corea were over 8,000,- Whlch sells at from S to 5 cents a package. ouo yen last year, ana mis is gui a Next to these comes the Japanese clga- tlrcd emperor la practically Imprisoned, seem to break out simultaneously over th 14 wUl Produce eight-tenths of the varieties and as I went on through the Japanese country. During certain years there are things In Japan, and some which we quarter and climbed the hill I could see as many as 18,000 of these men, and they cannot successfully .cultivate, the palaces of the present enrperor over the have been operating from year to year for "This is especially so as to cotton. We great plan ot tiled roofs composing the almost a century. They are so many that re experimenting with that at half a dozen city. I have already described my audi- we could not easily control them If they different placee In southern Corea. We .voucui; , - r,,,.. ., -- ------ sent of Prince Ito. la acting as the real work stopped. Then these robberies begin. ut" UB of manure, and they know noth- uon is used to stop it. we have e,tab- "Yes. according to the treat! the goods " tha hat lt from .'i"' ma" m"- ruler of this land of Corea. On my way They are performed by band, of from five of artificial fertilisers. They do not "ehed vaccine farms and are vaccinating of all countries come In on the same terms, "I W', ' '."tTof f tobacco, and then the ware, of the there I passed the palace In which the re- to twenty-fiv. or more brigand, and they appreciate the po-slbil-tie. pf : their -oiU J , "f "rlT wha 'wS ht trl JaSan." tT'l ' v. v v. w .'"I Dvwnn mi, watj U Mtir, tt-HU 1I1UQVU tftlnil lit 111V WUISk Ul , . , " vt MM country district.. The Coreans .do not jt as to some importation. This is so with w.i.nT n.. understand what vaccination ' means ar:d they are more afraid ot it than of Ihu smallpox. These same conditions pre vailed at the time vaccination was lntro- 1aIiuim 1 m Cnvmm- , - . v ... tobacco. That is a monopoly In Japan and " " .A n..p.n.. the government fix, the prices. Every "f v iLw-i .Vk. tm,. Z a tt. . th . one know, what the merchant, have to ,7 "L "1" Z to. " " ". "leVm lne pay for the Japanese tobaccos. Therefore whloh has Just been completed. A big ng supervision over an arrears in tra-ea, Formosa into satisfactory shape, and I a large amount for shipment abroad, The country Is nominally governed by the judg it will take several years before we , local officials, but they act as the resident can bring peace, safety and quiet to every general directs, and neither appointments p&rt of this land." " " his or dismissals can be mad without consent. By the agreement between Japan and Corea, when the emperor was deposed and his son put In his place, It was stipulated that the resident general should reform the administration and that the government "Are the Coreans a easy to govern as the Filipinos?" " Room tor ' Twenty Millions Moro. "Suppose Corea were carefully farmed, how many people could it support?" 'That question is difficult to answer,' naccos are " garden party was given at the dedication hlch more than 1,600 Coreans, the Japanese the foreign residents fortunate enough to The hosDltal is slt- How about your hospitals?" lt . nw anooooon s-old dol- 1"ht" on tna treetV na,r ooze.n .?r uated under the mountains, some dlstsnca "We have, as you know.ust completed a ,aril year, ,t waa Ies, than Dor men n ,on lw1hlt1k8 wn' . " .? trom the east gate and Just next the east large one In Seoul. This now has 100 beds n000,000, , The growth Is chiefly in Im- d"""" on tb hfels mokl"K palace. Its grounds contain many acre and is thoroughly equipped in every re- porU although the exports have more than P10' whlcn have reea tm" aB0Ut Iour of rolling land, spotted with beautiful pine spect There Is a medical college connected doubled within four years. The imports feet ,n length. Some of these pipes are treeg knotte(1 &n1 gftriej. with it. and we expect to educate young wePa 41,000,000 yen in 1907." long tnat a servant nas xo . epi vo The ho,pUaJ It)M)If wn)ch ,tanJ- j,, up doctors who will practice throughout the "What proportion of your trade comes "s"t them, as a man cannot reach to tne on m hm ftna overlooks geou, ta . Sl M wuk him an1 Mitan aont a tjm n . . .. . a . a m a. i - " j ... w v rriH amiirii nn InlULCU ITtl III I FOJ1 V H. II 11 uliihi were organisea, dui we are policing uorea nave usea me nauve seea ana bjso m k fh t . fh t . va-r,not(W, " , " " " . those or Japan, ana me American cia- or th ingtitutlon at w his rnant&l Piih.r Ha mtmio fio-nr. .w... .l. l a , j ... u . know tnat I was tne nrst baby vaccinated can Bnn in their wares and undersell the .. 4 ,a 01 ln" '"siuuxion, at w ""7. " "' Zu::::Z "JA"u" "".T. " am """"r? "ul ' " w there. That was fifty-eight years ago. .Tlnftn t brfuv. thev are doins- that promise o ur.ve u. . of the hlgh-clnss "rr." ,mZ7..V. XX,7,V ' ' r 'Z " W,P" Wm xu m rmem" "e"m" lne D"er- 3CPer" e,uraau' The vaccine matter took and I have never 1 P'P- .These people are greai smoKers. officials and a few of or Ills immralA.ta court. Tn mLn I met v.t ..... v,. a.uu .u rnA am . MaAH - now. .t. . - a iq with wina n todav is under th. direct control of th. I r..:: ."J" - .V.Tu.T V' had -mallpox. I make It a rule, how- "As to cur foreign trade, that will rap- Z' I'.l " Pt. I was . . T . . . , ". ."..t-v'""- " m aiiu uw w ca tjvoniuanjr ever to be revaccinated every five years." ,,,, j fh meir moums, aim u. u nave an nvjtatIon. us eignt years to ret tne anorisnnes or raise all the cotton w need hrr, and hava I think not." replied the resident gen- id Viscount Bon. "We have now about country. We are improving the chief cities from Japan?" . bowl the pipe ln his mouth. The brck bullom eoverln. morR th.n . eral. "The Filipinos are more simple, less ,000,000 people here. This is above other by cleaning them. You see what Is going on "in 1907 our imports amounted to 27,000,000 owu of the Corean pipes hold about as Qf eround u of , bulldlna- dllpILtcd miA mAr Aaallu V a rAA TW- ullmKu hut Dim an nortan thn n- In O.n.,1 . alalia. I. k.ln. Anr.. I t ,V. V.a RlUrh SS & thimble. They aTS USUSlly braSS. . K : vir .i.rr-.-r. ::: :v:l r";"-rr-.: r.. . . rr . " vtm: ,u" ""T"""""-;" ., v ....i wn,cn ntiun. parior. laboratories and n,u m luYirooHni uio a iry 'iiicn r- inicKiy popuiaiea. ii an .-usan, cnemuipo, ana eisewnere. whole. Tney are increasing Bieaajiy wivn mivu...v, . , of Corea should not enact any law or do fa,r mount of civilisation for many, many the land available could be used and Im any Important thing without his approval. ...... . ODeiatlnir rooms, nml hue- nf tlioa- The conversation here turned to mining the growth of Japanese business houses or In the pipe of the rich tney may do wln-. whi,.h f h. m. It was provided that lt should appoint Japanese to such official positions as the resident general recommended, and that no foreigner should be engaged without his consent In short, It 'meant the turning Over of the Corean government almost ab solutely Into the hands ot Japan, and this is th condition today. Pathfinder Dam and Its Relation to Agriculture in the Arid West -- Ma Who Holes Core. . Viaoount Sons la well known as an ad ministrator. He has been several tlmea ln the oabinet of the mikado, and has been a laboratories are large and well equipped with all sorts of electrical instrument and the tools for bacteriological Investigation. The wards already have 100 beds, and they are so arranged that more can be accom- HE completion of the Pathfinder the valley. The name of the structure Is One hundred miles from the storage dam irrigable lands will be profitably devoted tem now well on Its way to completion, monatea. i ne medical college connected dam, one of the highest struo- mot appropriate, in that It makes of the a low diversion dam has been thrown to these crops for many years. Aireaay tne areary monomny oi jjiuju u wim me inaiuuuon nas Japanese and tor tures of its kind In the world, fitting monument to commemorate across the river, which turns the waters Under the terms of the reclamation act sky has been broken, and thousands of elgn professors. The head of the hospital Is an event which the people of forever the achievement of the nation's Into the Interstate canal, to supply lands ln all of the land under this project which homes and fields of green dot the land- is Baron Snto, who was president of the Wyoming and Nebraska are daring pioneer and explorer, Captain John Wyoming and Nebraska. This canal, when bolongs to the public domain is open to scape. Lands which a few years ago were chief military hospital of Japan during the celebrating. Resting on a bed c- Fremont, The Pathfinder." completed, will be 160 miles long, but at entry under the homestead law in farms valued at from $1 to 5 per acre are lncreas- Chinese and Russian wars, and who cut of solid granite and hewn from the vertical The North Platte irrigation project is present only ninety-five miles have been of about eighty acres. Each settler Is re- ing rapidly in value and now sen reaany the bullet out of U Hung Chang's face T walls of the same formation through which on of tho largest so far undertaken by excavated. It has a capacity at the head- quired to pay his share of the cost of build- at from $30 to 160. Most of the land for when he was shot by the Japanese fanatic , t Im tj- ..,. .11 the North Platte rtver hai put its -hannl tho government. From the Pathfinder gates of 1,400 second feet. Hundreds of tn the Irrigation works. This amount to which water Is now available is in private at the peace conference. Th vt. rtl--tn. about the country and while conaerv- massive masonry monolith closes the dam' at Point on the North Platte river, miles of laterals have been constructed to 145 per acre, payable ln ten annual lnstal- ownership, but many of the farmers who Takai)hnai who for yea,rl WM phy-,. atlve ln his .tatements. evidently believe, canyon. It rises 215 feet abov its founda- IIe outhweat from Casper, distribute the water over the lands. menti without Interest. have holdings in excess of that for which clan to th. emperor of Japan. and tmong that the Japanese will be able to handle tion, and Is 600 feet long on top. But the ln" miis 01 uie irrigapie w " Among all tne great irrigation warm me govorniiieni w... iU,.i.... - the professors of the medical college is Dr, lt successfully. During my talk of today real significance of the event I that it " "ur". aisuuice suu ran, . , .1. .u.w.j, ....s.w.. now unaer construction ty tne government, must qjbpo 01 pan ui nir I asked him whether he thought the mark th most Important step in th and 11 t" t 400.000 acre of mate. The summers are always comfort- nona , rlcher m historical associations sonable prices. Coreans were capsble of self-government, reclamation of large tracts of the great ,and ,n Wyomln"' and Nebraska, or more able and the winters are relatively mild. than tha North PIatt proJect. It occupies To subdue the land one has but to turn H replied- plain area In both it&tei. and their trani- tMiU iu ciwuU .Uv ,vw more than ao miiea ot tna oia ovenana me ino wit irum, .u "They are not so now. All their tradl- formation to thickly settled farming com- iiu, aoove sea iev. ie uu is a ran, muuj trail which was followed by the California piy pracucaiiy uniimuea, ana uie u.mi -win us uiTiuvu m muiui ntnni anu irnmeu. 10am, wun a crop proaucing capacity mat g0,j leekera and by the Mormon In their dellghtrul. All mese comDine 10 mane ine The comparison afforded by the following to the farmer of the humid region seems mi,Tri.tinn wtnrd. Tha old hlrhwav Is life of the new comer a pleasant one. A ttoas and training have been along the lines of oppression and corruption. They have been unmercifully squeesed by their rulers and do not know what good gov ernment means. It will take some time to educate them to it. We shall have to teach them to crawl before they can walk, nd It will be years before they are able i govern themselves." Is It the Idea of Japan to make the coun try Independent?" formation to thickly settled farming com munities, with numerous populous and prosperous towns and villages. The North Platte river drains an area of 90,000 square miles, carrying the run-oft of a large mountainous territory. Fed by the melting snows of spring and early summer Its volums swells to large propor tions, but in the late summer lt shrinks water flow has long been appropriated. W. B. Scranton, who came to Corea mors than twenty years ago as a medical mis sionary and who Is one of the best 'known physicians In this part of the world. k-i Corean Garden Partr. Amnnir th tnanv inia. a .1 table showing the dimension, cost and incredible. Oat yielding 120 bushels per distinguishable in scores of places. With railroad extends the entire length of the garden party not one was dressed In th effectiveness of the Pathfinder and three acre d weighing forty-five pound, to the an aVerage width of more than 100 feet it project, and the numerous towns along bIg horsehair hat and long gown of silk or large eastern dams. Is most Interesting: bushel have been grown, and the average ,lretches on mile after mile, now over- this 11ns have more than doubled in popu- llnen wh,cn a few a yield for the valley probably win exceea Krown ana oniy distinguishable from the lation since the Initiation of the govern Yes, when the conditions are such thst anJ tha conservation f h. fii It can maintain an Independence which will of tha r,v,r wa( beyond tn, raach of be for the good of the people and at the prlvate capUa, . u wa, for th p , ame time not Injurious to the Interests ,toring the flood and winter waters and Of Japan." Antl-Japanrsr Sentiment. "What Is the situation today, your ex cellency? I understand that many of tn Coreans are not in favor ot the new re gime?" "That is true," replied the resident gen- "T li ii a . nAtil. rlnnnt n nnrACl.i tn thA ' ' ' coat fict that Japan is anxious to benefit t.iem t their country. They have been op- rr sed by foreigners through a series of ' and not fulrly treated. For a long 1! they were under the protection of t Chinese government, which largely rt iocied their affairs for Its own benefit. Thin tha Japanese, after their war with t hi ix. took charge of. many things and tne JU.ian did likewise. The result 1 that ! people suspect our sincerity. They r mnot believe that their rights end jtrojvrty are not to be taken away from thini, or that their country Is not even tually to be a second Japan. It will take a long time to eradicate these suspicions, and it cannot be done by pronunclamentoa and speeches. It will have to be accom plished by works, and that Is what w propose to do. We shall build roads, es tablish Industries and Introduce Improved agricultural methods. We have already wiped out most of ths corrupt courts, and are seeing that the people have Justice among themselves. We have refornull the system of taxation, snd that In such a way as to materially reduce the burdens Imposed by the taxgutherer of the past. We aro starting schools here In Seoul and elsewhere, and we are doing all we can te give the Coreans a square deal." Drltfsnda aud I'ire Iloblkera. "But you havo not been able to give thocn peace, your excellency," said I. "No, there Is still trouble tn different parts ot the peninsula. This Is due so.ne what to disaffection as regards the gov eminent, but more to a system of brig andage whloh has gone on for year. controlling th flow of thla irregular river that the great dam Just completed was planned. Height ; Length Dam. In Feet. in Feet. Pathfinder 216 600 Wachusett 28 971 New Croton 297 1.072 Ashokan 220 4.800 Storage Content Capacity in Cubic Tarda. Cost. Acre-feet. ao.400 f l.soo.ooo i,oe&,o 773,000 2.2$,OU0 192.000 033,000 7,il.on0 93.000 t7.W0.000 12.700.000 868.000 yeara ago waa the badge of the Corean nobility. All wore foreign. sixty-five bushels. Three crops of alfalfa general surroundings by the difference In ment irrigation project. The Influx of thou- Oiothea the men havln ul, h u - d , ' are cut during the year, often yielding five vegetation. Its great width la principally sands of formers to the valley has created . k . " ,.. h- . .nil tHv rt - .. - ... ... . - M . M IK U.l.... lWW WBrB lO miUIBry tons to the acre, and fifty bushels of corn ,jue to the fact that the Mormons trtsveled a demand for all classes of labor. Mechan- per acre la a low yield. The region is par- n Kreat companies, their wagons often lea are scarce, carpenters ln demand, and tlcularly adapted to the culture of sugar moving In a solid phalanx five or more brick masons, plasterers, plumbers, black beets. A high a twenty-eight tons per abreast. Besides th trail at numerous smiths, and, ln fact, all men with trades, acre have been produced per acr with a points lonely headstones mark the graves will find good openings In these rapidly sugar content of 16 Der cent. ADDles. rr , 1. ...v.-. ..rf.han a.ufn rmvin, .mmnnltlnH TTi. manufacturer. plums, small irult and berries are grown journey. To those who have read "The the banker and the merchant are also ln - -. pracucai.y uniforms, and among these were the uncle and cousin of the present emperor. His Imperial majesty was expected, but at the last moment gave up coming. Had he been present he would have been In the uniform Behind the massive wall of masonry a 11 Kl'i'ii-acre feet of water will be stored each year, and the destructive floods ot the North Platte river, which annually have caused damages far lit excess of the .n.i.. t. ti.. tht nt h. 01 we uam. t900.000 oublo yard, masonry and 7,000,000 of earth. Masonry, 1,000 feet, and earthwork, 4,800 feet It will be seen that the Pathfinder dam. which cost only $1,200,000, has a storage for home consumption. Vegetables bring good prices, and the potatoes especially are of superior quality. Hog and poultry raising and bee culture have proved very profitable. Back of thi Adventures ot CaptaJn Bonneville," demand. "Astoria," the discoveries of Captain' Fre- That these opportunities are not being mont, histories of Mormon emigrations and overlooked is evidenced by the hundreds of of the Forty-niners, such fiction as "The letters of inquiry which are being received Virginian,." and the adventures of Buffalo by the statistician of the reclamation ser- valiey and extending for hundred, of miles Bill, this valley will be familiar and full of Vice at Washington. To meet the de ls the vast public range, upon which graze Interesting associations. But the greatest mands of the homeseekers requiring infor many thousands of cattle and sheep. There change ln all the history of the motion the reclamation service has also the same a. that of the Japanese military officers. As to the latter, they were out In force. On horseback and ln carriages, with coach men and footmen In livery, the principal officials of the government cam to the hospital; and altogether there was so much military display that the party would not will is a heavy demand fur forage crops for valley has been brought about by the established office at Denver and at Chi- have seemed out of place at an army and never again visit jfew Croton, which cost six time as much, winter feeding, and a large part of the construction of the great irrigation sys- cago. V '.-I ..- . ,4;"v (hi.-1 , : -ri r!- - f V' -V, - . r. ... . -"V'-". A. J 'tf7- 1 k . t . .,'.. we -.i ' V , - ' .-',;,... ' S',,. , ,'a , " ' " .' . - PATHFINDER DAM. NEU.KL.T COMPLETED. MARCH ZL CENTRAL GATE ON TUB INTERSTATE CANAL. navy reception at the White House. We first went through the building and after this were given a luncheon ln tents outside the tents covered more than an acre. They were decorated with red and white bunting and hundreds of floss of all nations hung down over the guests as they ate. The meal was served In Euro pean style, at long tables beautifully dec orated with flowers and fruit. Beside each plate were glasses for champagne and other wines, a copious supply pf which was served. The menu Included roast betf, chicken, duck, pate de fol graa and ail the other accompaniments of a, first class European lunch, with persim mons, bananas, applus and other Corean fruits for ilcs rt. Tho furnishing of dinner like this to 1.600 people, seating them all and serving every on without friction, would be difficult In any American city, but Is was accomplished her without trouble. Quite a number of such garden parties are now being held, and the Jap anese believe that In so bringing the peo ple together they are materially advancing the new civilization. Uefure the dinner was served there were a number of speeches by Coreans and Jap anese. Tlu'fe bin f:.h a nieciaga from the emperor. This was levertnily handled, the parchment containing It being wrapped In yellow silk, the Imperial color. An of ficer of the imperial household, a fine looking Corean, read it In a sing-song tone. As he begun the audience rose and all re mained standing until It was completed. After this the Japanese resident general tuade a speech and Baron Soto responded. FRANK U CARPENTER.